EP1232959B1 - Child-resistant packaging for tablets - Google Patents

Child-resistant packaging for tablets Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1232959B1
EP1232959B1 EP02011101A EP02011101A EP1232959B1 EP 1232959 B1 EP1232959 B1 EP 1232959B1 EP 02011101 A EP02011101 A EP 02011101A EP 02011101 A EP02011101 A EP 02011101A EP 1232959 B1 EP1232959 B1 EP 1232959B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
part
sensitive adhesive
blister pack
pressure
arranged
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
EP02011101A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1232959A2 (en
EP1232959A3 (en
Inventor
Peter Kanscar
Michael Krohn
Susanne Marti
Claudia Schmauder
Laurenz Zellweger
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3A Technology and Management AG
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3A Technology and Management AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 3A Technology and Management AG filed Critical 3A Technology and Management AG
Priority claimed from DE1999510544 external-priority patent/DE59910544D1/en
Priority to EP02011100A priority Critical patent/EP1234781B1/en
Priority to EP19990810482 priority patent/EP1057744B1/en
Publication of EP1232959A2 publication Critical patent/EP1232959A2/en
Publication of EP1232959A3 publication Critical patent/EP1232959A3/en
Publication of EP1232959B1 publication Critical patent/EP1232959B1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D75/00Packages comprising articles or materials partially or wholly enclosed in strips, sheets, blanks, tubes, or webs of flexible sheet material, e.g. in folded wrappers
    • B65D75/52Details
    • B65D75/58Opening or contents-removing devices added or incorporated during package manufacture
    • B65D75/5855Peelable seals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J1/00Containers specially adapted for medical or pharmaceutical purposes
    • A61J1/03Containers specially adapted for medical or pharmaceutical purposes for pills or tablets
    • A61J1/035Blister-type containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D75/00Packages comprising articles or materials partially or wholly enclosed in strips, sheets, blanks, tubes, or webs of flexible sheet material, e.g. in folded wrappers
    • B65D75/28Articles or materials wholly enclosed in composite wrappers, i.e. wrappers formed by associating or interconnecting two or more sheets or blanks
    • B65D75/30Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding
    • B65D75/32Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D75/00Packages comprising articles or materials partially or wholly enclosed in strips, sheets, blanks, tubes, or webs of flexible sheet material, e.g. in folded wrappers
    • B65D75/28Articles or materials wholly enclosed in composite wrappers, i.e. wrappers formed by associating or interconnecting two or more sheets or blanks
    • B65D75/30Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding
    • B65D75/32Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents
    • B65D75/325Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents one sheet being recessed, and the other being a flat not- rigid sheet, e.g. puncturable or peelable foil
    • B65D75/326Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents one sheet being recessed, and the other being a flat not- rigid sheet, e.g. puncturable or peelable foil and forming one compartment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D75/00Packages comprising articles or materials partially or wholly enclosed in strips, sheets, blanks, tubes, or webs of flexible sheet material, e.g. in folded wrappers
    • B65D75/28Articles or materials wholly enclosed in composite wrappers, i.e. wrappers formed by associating or interconnecting two or more sheets or blanks
    • B65D75/30Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding
    • B65D75/32Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents
    • B65D75/325Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents one sheet being recessed, and the other being a flat not- rigid sheet, e.g. puncturable or peelable foil
    • B65D75/327Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents one sheet being recessed, and the other being a flat not- rigid sheet, e.g. puncturable or peelable foil and forming several compartments
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D75/00Packages comprising articles or materials partially or wholly enclosed in strips, sheets, blanks, tubes, or webs of flexible sheet material, e.g. in folded wrappers
    • B65D75/28Articles or materials wholly enclosed in composite wrappers, i.e. wrappers formed by associating or interconnecting two or more sheets or blanks
    • B65D75/30Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding
    • B65D75/32Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents
    • B65D75/36Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents one sheet or blank being recessed and the other formed of relatively stiff flat sheet material, e.g. blister packages, the recess or recesses being preformed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2215/00Child-proof means
    • B65D2215/04Child-proof means requiring the combination of different actions in succession
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2575/00Packages comprising articles or materials partially or wholly enclosed in strips, sheets, blanks, tubes or webs of flexible sheet material, e.g. in folded wrappers
    • B65D2575/28Articles or materials wholly enclosed in composite wrappers, i.e. wrappers formed by associationg or interconnecting two or more sheets or blankes
    • B65D2575/30Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding
    • B65D2575/32Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents
    • B65D2575/3209Details
    • B65D2575/3218Details with special means for gaining access to the contents
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S206/00Special receptacle or package
    • Y10S206/807Tamper proof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S206/00Special receptacle or package
    • Y10S206/813Adhesive
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S206/00Special receptacle or package
    • Y10S206/82Separable, striplike plural articles

Description

Die Erfindung betrifft eine kindersichere Verpackung für Tabletten, Kapseln und dgl. pharmazeutische Produkte, mit einer Blisterverpackung mit wenigstens einem mittels einer durchdrückbaren Deckelfolie verschlossenen Napf zur Aufnahme der Tabletten, wobei über der mit einer Umverpackung ausgestatteten Blisterverpackung ein Zwischenteil angeordnet ist, wobei die Deckelfolie der Blisterverpackung gegen den Zwischenteil gerichtet ist, und wobei zwischen Blisterverpackung und Zwischenteil ein erster Haftkleber angeordnet ist. The invention relates to a child resistant package for tablets, capsules and the like. Pharmaceutical products, having a blister pack with at least one sealed by means of a press-through covering film cup for receiving the tablets, to the equipped with an outer package blister pack an intermediate part is disposed, wherein the lid foil of the blister pack is directed against the intermediate part, and wherein a first pressure-sensitive adhesive is arranged between the blister pack and the intermediate part.

Die Gefährlichkeit einer unkontrollierten Medikamenteneinnahme ist unbestritten, wobei vor allem Kleinkinder insbesondere beim Herumliegenlassen von Medikamenten dieser potentiellen Gefahr verstärkt ausgesetzt sind. The danger of an uncontrolled medication is undisputed, and especially young children are particularly exposed reinforced when lying around letting drugs of this potential danger.

Zur Verpackung von Tabletten und Kapseln haben sich vor allem Blisterverpakkungen durchgesetzt. For the packaging of tablets and capsules primarily blister packages have prevailed. Weit verbreitet sind die sogenannten Durchdrückpackungen, bei der die Tablette aus einem Napf im Bodenteil der Verpackung durch eine Deckelfolie hindurchgedrückt wird. Widely used are the so-called blister packs in which the tablet is forced from a well in the bottom part of the package by a cover foil. Bei anderen bekannten Blisterverpakkungen wird eine Deckelfolie durch Abziehen (Peelen) entfernt. In other known blister packages, a cover film is removed by peeling (peeling). Noch andere Blisterverpackungen weisen eine Kerbe als Aufreisshilfe auf. Other blister packs have a notch as a tearing aid.

Heute bereits genutzte Möglichkeiten zur Erhöhung der Kindersicherheit der genannten Blisterverpackungen für Tabletten und Kapseln bestehen darin, das Öffnen durch Massnahmen zu erschweren, die einen erhöhten Kraftbedarf erfordern, wie zB stärkere Durchdrückfolien, erhöhte Klebkraft von Abziehfolien oder hoher Reisswiderstand bei Aufreisskerben. Today already exploited opportunity to increase child safety of those blister packs for tablets and capsules are to make it difficult to open by measures that require increased power requirements, such as stronger blister foils, increased adhesion of release liners or high tear resistance at Aufreisskerben.

Verpackungen, die nur mit erhöhtem Kraftaufwand geöffnet werden können, sind zwar kindersicher, können jedoch auch für Senioren ein Problem darstellen. Packaging that can be opened only with increased force, are indeed safe for children, but can be a problem for seniors.

Eine kindersichere Verpackung der eingangs genannten Art ist aus der US-A- 3 912 082 bekannt. A child resistant package of the aforementioned type is known from US-A-3,912,082.

Der Erfindung liegt die Aufgabe zugrunde, eine kindersichere Verpackung der eingangs genannten Art zu schaffen, die von Senioren ohne Schwierigkeiten geöffnet werden kann. The invention has for its object to provide a child-resistant packaging of the type mentioned, which can be opened by seniors without difficulty. Im wesentlichen geht es darum, eine Verpackung so auszugestalten, dass zu deren Öffnung eine Kombinationsfähigkeit erforderlich ist, oder dass simultane oder komplexe Bewegungsabläufe durchgeführt werden müssen. In essence, it comes to design a package that at the opening of a combination of capability is required, or that simultaneous or complex movements need to be performed.

Zur erfindungsgemässen Lösung der Aufgabe führt, dass der Zwischenteil teilweise von einem entfernbaren Trennteil überdeckt ist und dem Trennteil ein Abdeckteil aufliegt, dass zwischen Zwischenteil und Trennteil ein zweiter Haftkleber und zwischen nicht vom Trennteil überdecktem Zwischenteil sowie Trennteil und Abdeckteil ein dritter Haftkleber angeordnet ist, wobei der dritte Haftkleber eine gegenüber dem ersten Haftkleber geringere und der zweite Haftkleber eine gegenüber dem ersten Haftkleber höhere Klebkraft aufweist. Leads to the inventive solution of the problem that the intermediate part is partly covered by a removable separating part and the separating part, a cover part rests that between the intermediate portion and partition member, a second pressure-sensitive adhesive and a third pressure sensitive adhesive is disposed between non überdecktem from the separating part intermediate part and separating part and cover part, wherein the third pressure-sensitive adhesive over the first pressure sensitive adhesive has a lower and the second pressure-sensitive adhesive a pressure sensitive adhesive opposite the first higher bond strength.

Zur Erzielung einer höheren Stabilität der Verpackung kann die Blisterverpakkung in der Umverpackung zwischen einem Bodenteil und dem Zwischenteil angeordnet und der erste Haftkleber zwischen Bodenteil bzw. Blisterverpakkung und Zwischenteil angeordnet sein. To achieve a higher stability of the packaging, the blister pack in the outer package between a base part and the intermediate part can be arranged, and the first pressure-sensitive adhesive between the bottom part or blister pack and the intermediate member be disposed.

Der Napf der Blisterverpackung ragt bevorzugt von der durch den Bodenteil gebildeten Ebene nach aussen ab, wobei im einfachsten Fall der Napf der Blisterverpackung eine Öffnung im Bodenteil durchdringt. The cup of the blister pack extends preferably from the group formed by the bottom part level to the outside, wherein in the simplest case, the cup of the blister pack penetrates an opening in the bottom part. Besteht der Bodenteil aus einem verformbaren Werkstoff, kann aus diesem ebenfalls ein Napf herausgeformt und der Napf der Blisterverpackung im Napf des Bodenteils angeordnet sein. Consists of the bottom part of a deformable material, a cup can also been shaped and the cup in the blister pack to be arranged in the cup of the base part in this.

Die Umverpackungen lassen sich besonders kostengünstig aus einem einzigen Zuschnitt herstellen. The outer packaging can be produced from a single blank particularly inexpensive.

Wenigstens zwei Verpackungen können zu Mehrportionenpackungen zusammengefasst sein, wobei die einzelnen Verpackungen zu einer Streifenpackung aneinandergereiht und vorzugsweise von der Streifenpackung entlang einer Schwächungslinie, vorzugsweise einer Perforationslinie, abtrennbar sind. At least two packs can be combined to form multi-portion packs, whereby the individual packages juxtaposed to form a strip pack and preferably from the strip pack along a weakening line, preferably a perforation, can be separated.

Zur Herstellung der erfindungsgemässen Verpackung können die heute zur Herstellung von Verpackungen bekannten starren, halbstarren und flexiblen Werkstoffe in Form von Blättern, Folien, Laminaten oder anderen Schichtstoffen einer Dicke von wenigen µm bis wenige mm, beispielsweise 8 µm bis 3 mm, verwendet werden. For the preparation of the inventive packaging can now known for producing packaging rigid, semi-rigid and flexible materials in the form of sheets, foils, laminates or other laminates of a thickness of a few microns to a few mm, for example, 8 microns to 3 mm, are used. Beispiele für folienförmige Materialien sind Metallfolien wie beispielsweise Aluminiumfolien. Examples of film-type materials are metal foils such as aluminum foils. Weitere Beispiele für folienförmige Materialien sind Papier, Halbkarton und Karton. Other examples of film-type materials are paper, semi-cardboard and cardboard. Bedeutsam sind insbesondere auch kunststoffhaltige Folien, zB auf der Basis von Polyolefinen, wie Polyethylenen oder Polypropylenen, Polyamiden, Polyvinylchlorid, Polyestern, wie Polyalkylenterephthalaten und insbesondere Polyethylenterephthalat. Importantly are especially plastic-containing films, for example on the basis of polyolefins, such as polyethylenes or polypropylenes, polyamides, polyvinyl chloride, polyesters, such as polyalkylene terephthalates and particularly polyethylene terephthalate. Die kunststoffhaltigen Folien können Monofolien aus Kunststoffen, Laminate aus zwei oder mehreren Kunststofffolien, Laminate aus Metall- und Kunststofffolien, Laminate aus Papieren und Kunststofffolien oder Laminate aus Papieren und Metall- und Kunststofffolien sein. The plastic-containing films may be monolayer films of plastics, laminates of two or more plastic films, laminates of metal and plastic films, laminates of paper and plastic films or laminates of paper and metal and plastic films. Die einzelnen Schichten der folienförmigen Materialien können mittels Klebstoffen, Kaschierklebern, Haftvermittlern und/oder durch Extrusionsbeschichten, Coextrusion oder Kaschieren usw. aneinander festgelegt werden. The individual layers of the sheet-shaped materials can be fixed by means of adhesives, laminating adhesives, adhesion promoters and / or by extrusion coating, coextrusion or laminating, etc. to each other. Geeignete Kunststofffolien sind beispielsweise nicht orientierte oder axial oder biaxial orientierte Monofolien oder Laminate aus zwei oder mehreren nicht orientierten oder axial oder biaxial orientierten Folien aus Kunststoffen auf der Basis von Polyolefinen, wie Polyethylenen oder Polypropylenen, Polyamiden, Polyvinylchlorid, Polyestern, wie Polyalkylenterephthalaten und insbesondere Polyethylenterephthalat, Cyclo-Olfin-Copolymere (COC) und Polychlortrifluorethylene (PCTFE, Markenname ACLAR). Suitable plastic films are, for example, non-oriented or axially or biaxially oriented monolayer films or laminates of two or more non-oriented axially or biaxially oriented or films of plastics on the basis of polyolefins, such as polyethylenes or polypropylenes, polyamides, polyvinyl chloride, polyesters, such as polyalkylene terephthalates and particularly polyethylene terephthalate , cyclo-Olfin copolymers (COC) and polychlorotrifluoroethylenes (PCTFE, brand name ACLAR).

Für die Bodenteile von Blisterverpackungen eignen sich vor allem transparente Kunststoffe mit guten Umformeigenschaften wie Polyethylen, Polypropylen, Cyclo-Olefin-Copolymere, Polyvinylchlorid, Polyethylenterephthalat, Polyamid sowie aus den genannten Werkstoffen hergestellte Laminate, zB aus PVC und Polychlortrifluorethylen (PCTFE) oder PVC und PVDC (Polyvinyldichlorid). For the base parts of blister packs especially transparent plastics with good forming properties, such as polyethylene, polypropylene, cyclic olefin copolymer, polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene terephthalate, polyamide, as well as made of the materials mentioned laminates, for example of PVC, and polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) or PVC and PVDC are (polyvinyldichloride). Für nicht transparente Blisterverpackungen werden beispielsweise Laminate aus einer beidseitig mit einer Kunststofffolie beplankten Aluminiumfolie mit dem beispielsweisen Aufbau Polyamid/Aluminium/PVC oder auch pigmentierte Kunststofffolien eingesetzt. For non-transparent blister packaging laminates of a bilaterally planked with a plastic film, aluminum foil with the exemplary structure of polyamide / aluminum / PVC or pigmented plastic films are used for example. Die Deckelfolie ist üblicherweise eine Aluminiumfolie einer beispielsweisen Dicke von 20µm, die lackiert und/oder mit einem Heisssiegellack beschichtet sein kann. The lid foil is typically an aluminum foil with an exemplary thickness of 20 microns, the coated and / or may be coated with a hot-sealing lacquer.

Alle vorstehend genannten folienförmigen Materialien wie Papier, Halbkarton, Karton und Kunststofffolien in der Form von Monofolien, Laminaten usw. können zumindest eine weitere kontinuierliche Schicht aus gesputterten oder aus dem Vakuum abgeschiedenen keramischen Materialien in einer Dicke von etwa 5 bis 500 nm (Nanometer) aufweisen, beispielsweise Al 2 O 3 oder SiO x , wobei x eine Zahl zwischen 1.5 und 2 ist. All above-mentioned sheet-like materials like paper, light cardboard, cardboard and plastic sheets in the form of mono-films, laminates, etc. may have at least one further continuous layer of sputtered or vacuum deposited ceramic materials in a thickness of about 5 to 500 nm (nanometers) , for example Al 2 O 3 or SiO x, wherein x is a number between 1.5 and 2. FIG. Diese Schichten aus keramischen Materialien haben Barriereeigenschaften und verhindern die Diffusion von Gasen und Wasserdampf durch die Verpackung. These layers of ceramic materials have barrier properties and prevent the diffusion of gases and water vapor through the packaging.

Weitere Vorteile, Merkmale und Einzelheiten der Erfindung ergeben sich aus der nachfolgenden Beschreibung bevorzugter Ausführungsbeispiele sowie anhand der Zeichnung; Further advantages, features and details of the invention will become apparent from the following description of preferred embodiments and with reference to the drawing; diese zeigt schematisch in which shows schematically in

  • Fig. 1 einen Längsschnitt durch eine Blisterverpackung mit Umverpackung; 1 shows a longitudinal section through a blister pack with outer packaging.
  • Fig. 2 eine Draufsicht auf die Umverpackung von Fig. 1 in Blickrichtung y; Fig. 2 is a plan view of the packaging of Figure 1 looking in the direction y.
  • Fig. 3 - 5 einen Längsschnitt durch die Blisterverpackung mit Umverpakkung von Fig. 1 in aufeinanderfolgenden Öffnungspositionen; Figure 3-5 shows a longitudinal section through the blister pack with Umverpakkung of Figure 1 in successive opening positions..;
  • Fig. 6 eine Draufsicht auf eine als Mehrportionenpackung ausgestaltete Blisterverpackung mit Umverpackung von Fig. 1. Fig. 6 is a plan view of a configured as a multi-portion package blister pack with packaging of FIG. 1,.

Eine in den Fig. 1 bis 5 dargestellte Umverpackung 50 für eine Blisterverpakkung 52 von im wesentlichen streifenförmiger Gestalt ist mit einem Bodenteil 54, einem Zwischenteil 56 einem Trennteil 57 und einem Abdeckteil 58 ausgestattet. An overpack illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 5 50 for a blister pack 52 of substantially strip-like shape is fitted to a separation part 57 and a cover 58 with a bottom part 54, an intermediate portion 56. Die Blisterverpackung 52 - im gezeigten Beispiel eine Einportionenpakkung für eine Tablette 60 - weist einen Bodenteil 62 aus beispielsweise Polyvinylchlorid (PVC) mit einem aus diesem herausgeformten Napf 64 zur Aufnahme der Tablette 60 und eine mit dem Bodenteil 62 versiegelte bzw. verklebte Deckelfolie 66 aus beispielsweise Aluminium auf. The blister pack 52 - in the example shown, a Einportionenpakkung for a tablet 60 - has a bottom part 62 made of, for example, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with a shaped out of this bowl 64 to receive the tablet 60 and the base part 62 sealed or glued cover film 66 made of, for example, aluminum. Der Napf 64 der Blisterverpackung 52 durchdringt eine dem Umfang des Napfes angepasste Bodenöffnung 68 im Bodenteil 54 der Umverpackung 50 und ragt vom Bodenteil 54 nach aussen ab. The cup 64 of the blister pack 52 passes through a matched the periphery of the cup bottom opening 68 in the bottom part 54 of the overpack 50 and protrudes to the outside from the bottom part 54th Der Bodenteil 62 der Blisterverpackung 50 liegt dem Bodenteil 54 der Umverpackung 50 innenseitig an und ist mit diesem über einen Permanentkleber auf der Basis von beispielsweise Polyurethan zumindest partiell verklebt. The bottom part 62 of the blister pack 50 is the bottom part 54 of the outer package 50 on the inside and is at least partially bonded thereto via a permanent adhesive on the basis of, for example, polyurethane. Anstelle der Bodenöffnung 68 kann - sofern der Werkstoff dies erlaubt - aus dem Bodenteil 54 ebenfalls ein Napf herausgeformt sein, dh der Napf 64 der Blisterverpackung 52 würde in diesem Fall vom Napf im Bodenteil 54 aufgenommen. a cup from the bottom portion 54 also be formed out, that is, the cup 64 of the blister pack 52 would be taken in this case from the well in the base part 54 - in place of the bottom opening 68 may - if the material permits.

Der Zwischenteil 56 ist mit dem Bodenteil 54 bzw. mit der Blisterverpackung 52 über einen ersten Haftkleber 70 verklebt. The intermediate portion 56 is glued to the bottom part 54 and the blister pack 52 through a first pressure-sensitive adhesive 70th Der dem Zwischenteil 56 aufliegende Trennteil 57 überdeckt eine von einem Randbereich 72 getrennte, mit einem zweiten Haftkleber 74 versehene Zone 76. Der dem Zwischenteil 56 und dem Trennteil 57 aufliegende Abdeckteil 58 ist über einen dritten Haftkleber 78 mit dem Randbereich 72 des Zwischenteils 56 verklebt und überragt den Zwischenteil 56 unter Bildung einer kleberfreien Aufreisslasche 80. An dem der Aufreisslasche 80 fernen Ende der Umverpackung 50 sind Bodenteil 54, Zwischenteil 56 und Abdeckteil 58 miteinander permanent verklebt. Of the intermediate part 56 rests partition member 57 is covered separately from an edge area 72, provided with a second pressure sensitive adhesive 74 zone 76. The intermediate portion 56 and the partition member 57 overlying cover member 58 is bonded via a third adhesive 78 with the edge portion 72 of the intermediate part 56 and projects over the intermediate part 56 to form an adhesive-free pull tab 80. at the end of the pull tab 80 remote from the outer package 50 are permanently bonded together bottom portion 54, intermediate portion 56 and cover 58th Der den zweiten Haftkleber 74 abdeckende Trennteil 57 überragt den Zwischenteil 56 unter Bildung einer kleberfreien Greiflasche 82. Of the second pressure sensitive adhesive 74 covering separating part 57 projects over the intermediate part 56 to form an adhesive-free gripping tab 82nd

In der verschlossenen Umverpackung 50 weist der dritte Haftkleber zwischen Abdeckteil 58 und Zwischenteil 56 eine geringere Klebkraft auf als der erste Haftkleber 70 zwischen Zwischenteil 56 und Bodenteil 54 bzw. Blisterverpakkung 52. Der zweite Haftkleber 74 der vom Trennteil 57 abgedeckten Zone des Zwischenteils 56 weist eine stärkere Klebkraft auf als der erste Haftkleber 70, wobei das Material für den Trennteil 57 so gewählt ist, dass gegenüber dem zweiten Haftkleber 74 nur eine geringe und gegenüber dem dritten Haftkleber 78 praktisch keine Klebkraft erzeugt wird. In the sealed outer package 50, the third pressure-sensitive adhesive between the cover 58 and intermediate part 56 has a lower adhesive strength than the first pressure sensitive adhesive 70 between intermediate portion 56 and bottom portion 54 and blister pack 52. The second pressure sensitive adhesive 74 covered by the separating part 57 region of the intermediate part 56 has a stronger adhesive strength than the first pressure sensitive adhesive 70, wherein the material is selected for the partition member 57 so that opposite the second pressure-sensitive adhesive 74 not bond strength of only a small and practically opposite the third pressure-sensitive adhesive 78 is generated. Die Haftkleber 70, 74, 78 sind beispielsweise Kleber auf der Basis von Polyacrylat oder anderen klebenden Harzen aufgebaut. The pressure sensitive adhesive 70, 74, 78 are constructed, for example adhesive based on polyacrylate or other adhesive resins.

Zur Entnahme der Tablette 60 wird zunächst der Abdeckteil 58 an seiner Aufreisslasche 80 ergriffen und durch eine in Pfeilrichtung E durchgeführte Öffnungsbewegung vom darunterliegenden Zwischenteil 56 und dem diesem aufliegenden Trennteil 57 getrennt. To remove the tablet 60 of the cover member 58 is first gripped at its tear-open tab 80 and separated by an operation performed in the direction of arrow E opening movement from the underlying intermediate part 56 and the overlying this separating part 57th In einem nächsten Schritt wird der Trennteil 57 an seiner Greiflasche 82 ergriffen und in Pfeilrichtung F vom Zwischenteil 56 unter Freilegung der Zone 76 mit dem zweiten Haftkleber 74 vom Zwischenteil 56 abgezogen. In a next step of the separating part 57 is gripped at its grip tab 82 and withdrawn in the direction of arrow F from the intermediate portion 56 to expose the zone 76 with the second pressure sensitive adhesive 74 from the intermediate part 56th Bei einer Variante mit Mikro-Verkapselungssystem muss die Aufreisslasche 80 stark aufgepresst werden. In a variant with micro-encapsulation system, the pull tab must be strongly pressed on the 80th In einem darauffolgenden Schritt wird der Abdeckteil 58 in Pfeilrichtung G auf den Zwischenteil 56 mit der nun freiliegenden, den zweiten Haftkleber 74 aufweisenden Zone 76 zurückgelegt und mit dem Zwischenteil 56 über den freigelegten zweiten Haftkleber 74 verbunden. In a subsequent step, the cover is put back 58 having in the direction of arrow G to the intermediate part 56 with the now exposed, the second pressure sensitive adhesive 74 zone 76 and connected to the intermediate portion 56 over the exposed second pressure sensitive adhesive 74th In einem anschliessenden Schritt wird die Aufreisslasche 80 des Abdeckteils 58 erneut ergriffen und durch eine in Pfeilrichtung H durchgeführte Öffnungsbewegung von der Unterlage weggezogen. In a subsequent step, the pull tab 80 of the cover 58 is again grasped and pulled by an operation performed in the direction of arrow H opening movement of the substrate. Da die Klebkraft des zweiten Haftklebers 74 grösser ist als die Klebkraft des ersten Haftklebers 70, erfolgt bei der Öffnungsbewegung in Pfeilrichtung H eine Trennung zwischen dem Zwischenteil 56 und dem Bodenteil 54 bzw. der Blisterverpackung 52. Bei diesem Vorgang wird die Deckelfolie 66 der Blisterverpackung 52 freigelegt. Since the adhesive strength of the second pressure-sensitive adhesive 74 is greater than the adhesive force of the first pressure sensitive adhesive 70, takes place during the opening movement in the direction of arrow H, a separation between the intermediate part 56 and the bottom part 54 and the blister pack 52. In this process, the lid foil 66 of the blister 52 exposed. In dieser Offenstellung kann die Tablette 60 durch Fingerdruck auf den Napf 64 in Pfeilrichtung I durch die Deckelfolie 66 hindurchgestossen und ausgeworfen werden. In this open position, the tablet can be pushed through 60 by finger pressure on the cup 64 in the direction of arrow I by the cover sheet 66 and ejected. . , Bei einer Variante wird die Deckelfolie 66 bei der Öffnungsbewegung in Pfeilrichtung I bereits von der Blisterverpackung 52 getrennt, so dass die Tablette 60 ohne Durchdrücken der Deckelfolie 66 entnommen werden kann. In a variant, the lid foil is already separated 66 during the opening movement in direction of arrow I from the blister package 52, so that the tablet 60 can be removed without pressing the cover film 66th

Der Bodenteil 54, welcher der Stabilität der Umverpackung 50 dient, kann bei einer anderen, in der Zeichnung nicht dargestellten Ausführungsform entfallen. The bottom part 54 which serves the stability of the overpack 50, may in another, omitted in the drawing, not shown. Hierbei kann der Abdeckteil 58 mit der Blisterverpackung 52 bzw. mit deren Bodenteil 62 einstückig verbunden sein und eine Schlaufe bilden, dh die Umverpackung besteht aus ein und demselben Material, zB aus der Blisterverpackung bzw. deren Bodenteil.. Here, the cover member 58 of the blister pack 52 and with the bottom part 62 may be integrally connected and form a loop, that is the outer packaging consists of one and the same material, for example from the blister pack and the bottom part thereof ..

Fig. 6 zeigt eine Packung 90 mit vier quadratischen Einzelpackungen gemäss Fig. 1. Diese sind durch linienförmige Perforationen 92 voneinander abtrennbar. Fig. 6 shows a package 90 having four square individual packages in accordance with FIG. 1. This is by line-shaped perforations 92 separated from each other. Die einzelnen Umverpackungen 10 können jedoch auch geöffnet werden, ohne dass diese von der Viererpackung 90 abgetrennt werden müssen. However, the individual outer packaging 10 can also be opened without having to be separated from the pack of four 90th Die Aufreisslasche 80 des Abdeckteils 58 sowie die Greiflasche 82 des Trennteils 57 sind hier gegen die Mitte der Packung 90 gerichtet, wodurch die Packung einfach hergestellt werden kann. The pull tab 80 of the cover member 58 and the gripping tab 82 of the separator 57 are directed here toward the middle of the pack 90, whereby the package can be easily manufactured.

Claims (8)

  1. Child-resistant package for tablets, capsules and similar pharmaceutical products, comprising a blister pack (52) with at least one cup (64) for receiving the tablets (60) closed by means of a press-through covering film (66), an intermediate part (56) being arranged above the blister pack (52) provided with an outer packaging (50), the covering film (66) of the blister pack (52) being directed towards the intermediate part (56) and a first pressure-sensitive adhesive (70) being arranged between the blister pack (52) and the intermediate part (56), characterised in that the intermediate part (56) is partly covered by a removable separating part (57) and a cover part (58) is situated on the separating part (57), that a second pressure-sensitive adhesive (74) is arranged between the intermediate part (56) and the separating part (57) and a third pressure-sensitive adhesive (78) is arranged between the intermediate part (56) not covered by the separating part (57) and the separating part (57) and cover part (58), the third pressure-sensitive adhesive (78) having less adhesive strength than the first pressure-sensitive adhesive (70) and the second pressure-sensitive adhesive (74) having higher adhesive strength than the first pressure-sensitive adhesive (70).
  2. Package according to claim 1, characterised in that the blister pack (52) is arranged between a bottom part (54) and the intermediate part (56) in the outer packaging (50) and that the first pressure-sensitive adhesive (70) is arranged between the bottom part (54) or the blister pack (52) and the intermediate part (56).
  3. Package according to one of claims [...] 2, characterised in that the cup (64) in the blister pack (52) projects outwardly from the plane formed by the bottom part (54).
  4. Package according to claim 3, characterised in that the cup (64) in the blister pack (52) passes through an opening (68) in the bottom part (54).
  5. Package according to claim 3, characterised in that a cup is formed in the bottom part (54) and the cup (64) in the blister pack (52) is arranged in the cup in the bottom part (54).
  6. Package according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterised in that the outer packaging (50) consists of one single blank.
  7. Double pack, characterised in that it consists of two partial packages according to one of claims 1 to 5 arranged in mirror symmetry.
  8. Multi-pack consisting of at least two packages according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterised in that the individual packages are arranged in a row to form a strip pack (90) and can preferably be separated from the strip pack (90) along a weakening line, in particular a perforated line (92).
EP02011101A 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Child-resistant packaging for tablets Expired - Fee Related EP1232959B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP02011100A EP1234781B1 (en) 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Child-resistant packaging for tablets
EP19990810482 EP1057744B1 (en) 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Child-resistant package for tablets

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1999510544 DE59910544D1 (en) 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Childproof packaging for tablets

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19990810482 Division EP1057744B1 (en) 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Child-resistant package for tablets

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1232959A2 EP1232959A2 (en) 2002-08-21
EP1232959A3 EP1232959A3 (en) 2002-08-28
EP1232959B1 true EP1232959B1 (en) 2004-09-15

Family

ID=8242861

Family Applications (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP02011100A Expired - Fee Related EP1234781B1 (en) 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Child-resistant packaging for tablets
EP19990810482 Expired - Fee Related EP1057744B1 (en) 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Child-resistant package for tablets
EP02011101A Expired - Fee Related EP1232959B1 (en) 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Child-resistant packaging for tablets
EP02011099A Withdrawn EP1234780A1 (en) 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Child-resistant packaging for tablets

Family Applications Before (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP02011100A Expired - Fee Related EP1234781B1 (en) 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Child-resistant packaging for tablets
EP19990810482 Expired - Fee Related EP1057744B1 (en) 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Child-resistant package for tablets

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP02011099A Withdrawn EP1234780A1 (en) 1999-06-02 1999-06-02 Child-resistant packaging for tablets

Country Status (8)

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US (4) US6793077B1 (en)
EP (4) EP1234781B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2003501321A (en)
AU (1) AU767805B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2373280A1 (en)
DE (1) DE59904849D1 (en)
MX (1) MXPA01012072A (en)
WO (1) WO2000075039A2 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
MXPA01012072A (en) 2003-06-30
US6793077B1 (en) 2004-09-21
EP1057744A2 (en) 2000-12-06
US20050145531A1 (en) 2005-07-07
US20050145532A1 (en) 2005-07-07
US20040173497A1 (en) 2004-09-09
EP1234781B1 (en) 2004-09-15
EP1232959A2 (en) 2002-08-21
EP1057744A3 (en) 2001-02-07
JP2003501321A (en) 2003-01-14
EP1234780A1 (en) 2002-08-28
DE59904849D1 (en) 2003-05-08
US6974031B2 (en) 2005-12-13
EP1234781A1 (en) 2002-08-28
AU4921700A (en) 2000-12-28
EP1232959A3 (en) 2002-08-28
US6964338B2 (en) 2005-11-15
WO2000075039A3 (en) 2001-06-28
US6896139B2 (en) 2005-05-24
EP1057744B1 (en) 2003-04-02
CA2373280A1 (en) 2000-12-14
WO2000075039A2 (en) 2000-12-14
AU767805B2 (en) 2003-11-27

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