EP0665328A1 - Papermaking apparatus for pressing and drying a web - Google Patents

Papermaking apparatus for pressing and drying a web Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0665328A1
EP0665328A1 EP95200680A EP95200680A EP0665328A1 EP 0665328 A1 EP0665328 A1 EP 0665328A1 EP 95200680 A EP95200680 A EP 95200680A EP 95200680 A EP95200680 A EP 95200680A EP 0665328 A1 EP0665328 A1 EP 0665328A1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
web
fabric
press
nip
fibers
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP95200680A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0665328B1 (en
Inventor
Dennis Callahan Cronin
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beloit Technologies Inc
Original Assignee
Beloit Corp
Beloit Technologies Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US59591090A priority Critical
Priority to US595910 priority
Application filed by Beloit Corp, Beloit Technologies Inc filed Critical Beloit Corp
Priority to EP19910630081 priority patent/EP0480868B1/en
Publication of EP0665328A1 publication Critical patent/EP0665328A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0665328B1 publication Critical patent/EP0665328B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F3/00Press section of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F3/02Wet presses
    • D21F3/04Arrangements thereof
    • D21F3/045Arrangements thereof including at least one extended press nip
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F7/00Other details of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F7/08Felts
    • D21F7/083Multi-layer felts

Abstract

The present invention includes a papermaking apparatus (46) for pressing and drying a web (w). The apparatus (46) includes a press (47) and a drying section (48) disposed downstream relative to the press (47). The press (47) further includes a press member (50) and a backing roll (52) which cooperates with the press member (50) for defining therebetween a press nip (54) for pressing the web (w). A fabric (10) is disposed contiguously relative to the web (w) and extending through the nip (54) for supporting and guiding the web (w) through the nip (54). A felt (56) extends through the nip (54), the felt (56) being disposed on the opposite side of the web (w) relative to the fabric (10). The fabric (10) defines a relatively smooth surface (40) towards the web (w) such that when the web (w) exits the nip (54) and the fabric (10) and felt (56) diverge relative to each other, the web (w) follows the smooth surface (40) of the fabric (10) without being rewetted thereby. The dryer section (48) includes an upstream dryer (60) and a guide roll (62) which cooperates with the upstream dryer (60). The fabric (10) extends for the nip (54) to and around a portion of a heated outer surface (66) of the upstream dryer (60), the fabric (10) thereafter being guided away from the upstream dryer (60) by the guide roll (62) such that the web (w) is guided without open draw from the nip (54) to the dryer section (48) without rewetting thereof by the fabric (10).

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION:
  • The present invention relates to a papermaking apparatus for pressing and drying a web.
  • INFORMATION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT:
  • In the papermaking art, a formed web is guided through a press section for removing as much water as possible from the formed web before guiding the pressed web into a drying section.
  • In view of the high thermal input requirements of a typical drying section, it is essential to remove as much water as possible from the web during passage through the press section.
  • A long-standing problem has been experienced in transferring a pressed web from a press section to a dryer section. Ideally, a press felt for supporting the web during passage through a pressing nip of the press section would thereafter convey the web towards and around at least an initial portion of the dryer section.
  • However, the aforementioned ideal arrangement has not proved practical because the press felt normally absorbs a large quantity of water from the web during passage of the web and press felt through the press nip, and unless the web and press felt are caused to diverge relative to each other immediately downstream relative to the press nip, the web becomes rewetted by the water laden press felt.
  • Accordingly, in the prior art, typically the press felt is guided around at least one guide roll such that the press felt diverges relative to the web immediately downstream relative to the press nip. Subsequently, a press-to-dryer transfer felt is led into guiding relationship with the web downstream relative to the press nip for guiding and supporting the web into and around the dryer section.
  • Alternatively, in many press-to-dryer transfer arrangements, a dryer felt will be extended into proximity with the press section such that the web is supported by the dryer felt and conveyed thereby to the dryer section.
  • In the aforementioned press-to-dryer transfer arrangements, the web, at some point between the press nip and the dryer section, is unsupported by either the press felt, a press-to-dryer transfer felt, or a dryer felt. Accordingly, such "open draw" of the web has necessitated relatively complex threading techniques in order to thread a tail of the web from the press section into a downstream dryer section.
  • The aforementioned "open draw" also involves handling the web when the web is relatively fragile and subject to web breakage.
  • U.S. Patent No. 4,483,745 to L. Wicks et al teaches a "no draw" press-to-dryer transfer utilizing a non-porous blanket which extends from an extended nip press arrangement to a downstream dryer section such that the web is conveyed by the non-porous blanket from the extended nip to the subsequent dryer section.
  • However, the aforementioned non-porous blanket, which supports the web, necessitates one-sided removal of the water pressed from the web during passage through the extended nip. Although in certain applications such one-sidedness of the resultant web is acceptable, if "two-sidedness" or uniformity in surface characteristics of the resultant web is required, the web must in some way be reversed in order to achieve the desired two-sidedness of the web.
  • Therefore, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide a papermaking apparatus for pressing and drying a web that makes a considerable contribution to the papermaking art and that overcomes the abovementioned problems of the prior art.
  • Another object of the present invention is to provide a papermaking apparatus permitting complete support of the web without "open draw" from the press nip to the dryer section and which permits water to be absorbed thereby while inhibiting rewetting of the web.
  • Another object of the present invention is the provision of a papermaking apparatus utilizing a fabric having a relatively smooth surface towards the web such that the web predictably follows the fabric when a felt and the fabric diverge relative to each other downstream of a double felted press arrangement.
  • Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be evident to those skilled in the art by a consideration of the detailed description contained hereinafter taken in conjunction with the annexed drawings.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention includes a papermaking apparatus for pressing and drying a web. The apparatus includes a press and a drying section disposed downstream relative to the press.
  • The press further includes a press member and a backing roll which cooperates with the press member for defining therebetween a press nip for pressing the web.
  • A fabric is disposed contiguously relative to the web and extending through the nip for supporting and guiding the web through the nip. Furthermore, a felt extends through the nip, the felt being disposed on the opposite side of the web relative to the fabric. The fabric defines a relatively smooth surface towards the web such that when the web exits the nip and the fabric and felt diverge relative to each other, the web follows the smooth surface of the fabric without being rewetted thereby.
  • The dryer section includes an upstream dryer and a guide roll which cooperates with the upstream dryer. The fabric extends from the nip to and around a portion of a heated outer surface of the upstream dryer, the fabric thereafter being guided away from the upstream dryer by the guide roll such that the web is guided without open draw from the nip to the dryer section without rewetting thereof by the fabric.
  • The fabric has a caliper within the range 1.27 to 2.54 microns (1/20 thousandth of an inch to 1 /10 thousandth of an inch).
  • In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the press also includes a backing felt which is disposed contiguously relative to the fabric for backing the fabric such that water from the web passes through the fabric into the backing felt. The fabric also inhibits flow of water from the backing felt that would otherwise cause rewetting of the web.
  • Although the need for the aforementioned fabric has long been recognized in the art, the manufacture of such fabric has eluded the efforts of press and dryer felt manufacturers.
  • The present invention was made and the unexpected results were obtained therefrom by passing a particular sample felt patch through a heated extended nip press of the type described in U.S. Patent No. 4,738,752. The resultant fabric had a caliper in the range of 1.7 microns (1/15 thousandth of an inch) and displayed a relatively smooth web supporting surface. When the fabric continued to support the web downstream relative to the heated extended nip, the unexpected discovery was made that water had been absorbed by the fabric, but the web had not been appreciably rewetted by the fabric during passage of the fabric supported web downstream relative to the press nip.
  • Consequently, the implications of such non-rewetting fabric became immediately apparent. One application of such fabric would be as a press felt extending directly from a press nip to and around at least an initial portion of a dryer section. Such press-to-dryer transfer arrangement would permit complete support of the web without "open draw" from the press nip to the dryer section without the aforementioned problems of rewetting.
  • Furthermore, in view of the relatively smooth surface of the fabric, in the case of double felted pressing, it was evident that the web would consistently follow the smooth surface of the fabric rather than the comparatively rough surface of the felt on the other side of the web. Therefore, the web could be automatically guided from the press nip to and through the dryer section in a double felted press configuration without the need of suction or transfer blow boxes and the like.
  • The fabric includes a base which defines a first and a second side. The base comprises a plurality of hydrophobic filaments. A first layer of fibers is disposed contiguously relative to the first side with the first layer of fibers being applied onto the first side of the base. A second layer of fibers is disposed contiguously relative to the second side of the base with the second layer of fibers being applied onto the second side of the base. At least one of the layers of the fibers includes a mixture of hydrophobic and hydrophilic fibers. The layers and the base are combined such that the fabric has a low permeability which permits water to be absorbed thereby while inhibiting rewetting of the web.
  • In a more particular embodiment of the present invention, the base includes a first plurality of the filaments which are disposed in a machine direction and a second plurality of the filaments disposed in a cross-machine direction with the machine and cross-machine directional filaments being woven together.
  • In one embodiment of the present invention, the hydrophobic filaments are of TEFLON, and the layers are needled into the first and the second sides respectively of the base. Furthermore, the mixture is of TEFLON and fiberglass fibers with the first and second layers of fibers having a denier which is less than the denier of the filaments.
  • In another embodiment of the present invention, both layers of fibers include a mixture of TEFLON and fiberglass fibers.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the mixture of TEFLON and fiberglass fibers is in a ratio within the range 9:1 to 2:1.
  • In one embodiment of the present invention, the layers and the base are at least partially fused together by the application of pressure and heat. The fabric has an application particularly as a press fabric or as a press-to-dryer transfer fabric.
  • Many modifications and variations of the present invention will be evident to those skilled in the art by a consideration of the detailed description contained hereinafter, taken in conjunction with the annexed drawings. However, such modifications and variations fall within the
       scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:
    • Figure 1 is a sectional view of a fabric according to the present invention;
    • Figure 2 is a diagrammatic representation showing the steps of weaving a base, needling fibers therein, and pressing the resultant mat according to the present invention; and
    • Figure 3 is a side-elevational view of a papermaking apparatus according to the present invention including the fabric shown in Figure 1.
  • Similar reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the various views of the drawings.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:
  • Figure 1 is a sectional view of a fabric generally designated 10 for supporting a web in a papermaking machine. The fabric 10 includes a base generally designated 14 which defines a first and a second side 16 and 18 respectively. The base 14 also includes a plurality of hydrophobic filaments generally designated 20 and 22 respectively. A first layer of fibers 24 is disposed contiguously relative to the first side 16 with the first layer 24 of fibers being applied onto the first side 16 of the base 14.
  • A second layer of fibers 26 is disposed contiguously relative to the second side 18 of the base 14. The second layer of fibers 26 is applied onto the second side 18 of the base 14. At least one of the layers of fibers 24, 26 includes a mixture of hydrophobic and hydrophilic fibers, and the layers 24 and 26 and the base 14 are combined such that the fabric 10 has a low permeability permitting water to be absorbed thereby while inhibiting rewetting of the web.
  • As shown in Figure 1, the base 14 also includes a first plurality of filaments 28 which are disposed in a machine direction as indicated by the arrow MD. A second plurality of the filaments 30,31,32,33,34 and 35 are disposed in a cross-machine direction as indicated by the arrow CD with the machine and cross-machine directional filaments 28 and 30-35 being woven together.
  • The hydrophobic filaments 28 and 30-35 are of TEFLON, and the layers 24 and 26 are needled into the first and the second sides 16 and 18 respectively of the base 14. TEFLON is a registered trademark of E. I. DuPont De Nemours & Company.
  • The second layer of fibers 26 is a mixture of fibers. The mixture of fibers includes TEFLON and fiberglass fibers, and the individual fibers of the first and second layers 24 and 26 have a denier which is less than the denier of the filaments 28 and 30-35.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, both layers of fibers 24 and 26 include a mixture of TEFLON and fiberglass fibers 36 and 37 respectively. The mixture of TEFLON and fiberglass fibers is in a ratio within the range 9:1 to 2:1.
  • Figure 2 shows a process for making the aforementioned fabric 10 and shows the layers 24 and 26 and the base 14 as being at least partially fused together by the application of pressure and heat.
  • According to the present invention, the fabric 10 is a press fabric which extends through either a conventional roll couple defining a press nip or a press fabric extending through an extended nip press defined between an elongate press member and a cooperating backing roll for defining an extended nip.
  • The fabric 10 is also a press-to-dryer transfer fabric for fully supporting the web from a press nip to a downstream dryer section.
  • Figure 2 shows a process for making the fabric 10 for supporting a web 12 in a papermaking machine. The process comprises the steps of weaving a base 14 from a first plurality of machine directional TEFLON filaments 28 and a second plurality of cross-machine directional TEFLON filaments 30-35 such that the woven base 14 defines a first and a second side 16 and 18 respectively. A first layer of fibers 24 is needled by a needling means 25 into the first side 16 of the base 14, and a second layer of fibers 26 is needled by a needling means 27 into the second side 18 of the base 14. The first and the second layers of fibers 24 and 26 respectively are a mixture of TEFLON and fiberglass fibers 36 and 37 such that the base 14 and the layers 24 and 26 form an uncompressed mat 38.
  • The mat 38 is then pressed at an elevated temperature by a roll press 39 such that the layers 24 and 26 and the base 14 are at least partially fused together so that the resultant fabric 10 attains a relatively smooth surface 40 while retaining water-absorbing capabilities and inhibiting rewetting of the web.
  • Preferably, the mat 38 is passed through a nip 42 of the press 39, which is heated by induction heaters 44, such that the layers 24 and 26 and the base 14 at least partially fuse together.
  • Figure 3 is a side-elevational view of a papermaking apparatus generally designated 46 for pressing and drying a web W shown by the dashed line. The apparatus 46 includes an extended nip press generally designated 47 end a drying section generally designated 48 disposed downstream relative to the press 47. The press 47 further includes a press member 50 and a backing roll 52 cooperating with the press member 50 for defining therebetween a press nip 54 for pressing the web W.
  • The fabric 10, as described hereinbefore, is disposed contiguously relative to the web W and extends through the nip 54 for supporting and guiding the web W through the nip 54.
  • A felt 56 extends through the nip 54 with the felt 56 being disposed on the opposite side 58 of the web W relative to the fabric 10.
  • The fabric 10 defines a relatively smooth surface 40 towards the web W such that when the web W exits the nip 54, and the fabric 10 and felt 56 diverge relative to each other, the web W follows the smooth surface 40 of the fabric 10 without being rewetted thereby.
  • The drying section 48 includes an upstream dryer 60. A guide roll 62 cooperates with the upstream dryer 60, and the fabric 10 extends from the nip 54 to and around a portion 64 of a heated outer surface 66 of the upstream dryer 60. The fabric 10 thereafter is guided away from the upstream dryer 60 by the guide roll 62 such that the web W is guided without open draw from the nip 54 to the drying section 48 without rewetting thereof by the fabric 10.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the fabric 10 has a caliper within the range 1.27 to 2.54 microns (1/20 thousandth of an inch to 1/10 thousandth of an inch).
  • In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 3, the press 47 also includes a backing felt 68 which is disposed contiguously relative to the fabric 10 for backing the fabric 10 such that water from the web W passes through the fabric 10 into the backing felt 68. The fabric 10 inhibits flow of water from the backing felt 68 that would otherwise cause rewetting of the web W.
  • The present invention provides a unique fabric which permits absorption thereby of water from a web supported on the fabric while inhibiting rewetting of the supported web. Additionally, the present invention enables the fabric of the present invention to support the web from the press nip to the dryer without rewetting the web while assuring predictable transfer of the web to the fabric in the case of a double felted pressing configuration.

Claims (12)

  1. A papermaking apparatus (46) for pressing and drying a web (W), said apparatus (46) comprising:
       a press (47);
       a drying section (48) disposed downstream relative to said press (47);
       said press (47) further including:
       a press member (50),
       a backing roll (52) cooperating with said press member (50) for defining therebetween a press nip (54) for pressing the web (W),
       a fabric (10) disposed contiguously relative to the web (W) and extending through said nip (54) for supporting and guiding the web (W) through said nip (54),
       a felt (56) extending through said nip (54), said felt (56) being disposed on the opposite side of the web (W) relative to said fabric (10),
       said fabric (10) defining a relatively smooth surface (40) towards the web (W) such that when the web (W) exits said nip (54) and said fabric (10) and felt (56) diverge relative to each other, the web (W) follows said smooth surface (40) of said fabric (10) without being rewetted thereby;
       said dryer section (48) including:
       an upstream dryer (60),
       a guide roll (62) cooperating with said upstream dryer (60), and
       said fabric (10) extending from said nip (54) to and around a portion (64) of a heated outer surface (66) of said upstream dryer (60), said fabric (10) thereafter being guided away from said upstream dryer (60) by said guide roll (62) such that the web (W) is guided without open draw from said nip (54) to said dryer section (48) without rewetting thereof by said fabric (10).
  2. A papermaking apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein said fabric (10) has a caliper within the range 1.27 to 2.54 microns (1/20 thousandth of an inch to 1/10 thousandth of an inch).
  3. A papermaking apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein said press (47) further includes:
       a backing felt (68) disposed contiguously relative to said fabric (10) for backing said fabric (10) such that water from the web (W) passes through said fabric (10) into said backing felt (68), said fabric (10) inhibiting flow of water from said backing felt (68) that would otherwise cause rewetting of the web (W).
  4. A papermaking apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein said fabric (10) comprises:
       a base (14) defining a first and a second side (16,18);
       said base 10 including:
       a plurality of hydrophobic filaments (20,22),
       a first layer of fibers (24) disposed contiguously relative to said first side (16), said first layer (24) of fibers being applied onto said first side (16) of said base (14),
       a second layer of fibers (26) disposed contiguously relative to said second side (18) of said base (14), said second layer of fibers (26) being applied onto said second side (18) of said base (14);
       at least one of said layers of fibers (24, 26) including:
       a mixture of hydrophobic and hydrophilic fibers; and
       said layers (24, 26) and said base (14) being combined such that the fabric (10) has a low permeability permitting water to be absorbed thereby while inhibiting rewetting of the web (W).
  5. A papermaking apparatus as set forth in claim 4, wherein said base (14) further includes:
       a first plurality of said filaments (28) disposed in a machine direction (MD);
       a second plurality of said filaments (30-35) disposed in a cross-machine direction (CD);
       said machine and cross-machine direction filaments (28, 30-35) being woven together.
  6. A papermaking apparatus as set forth in claim 4, wherein said hydrophobic filaments (28,30-35) are of TEFLON.
  7. A papermaking apparatus as set forth in claim 4, wherein said layers (26,28) are needled into said first and second sides (16,18) respectively of said base (14).
  8. A papermaking apparatus as set forth in claim 4, wherein said mixture (26) is of TEFLON (36) and fiberglass fibers (37).
  9. A papermaking apparatus as set forth in claim 4, wherein said fibers of said first and second layers (24, 26) of fibers have a denier which is less than the denier of said filaments (28, 30-35).
  10. A papermaking apparatus as set forth in claim 4, wherein both layers of fibers (24, 26) include a mixture of TEFLON (36) and fiberglass fibers (37).
  11. A papermaking apparatus as set forth in claim 4, wherein said mixture of TEFLON (36) and fiberglass fibers (37) is in a ratio within the range 9:1 to 2:1.
  12. A papermaking apparatus as set forth in claim 4, wherein said layers (24, 26) and said base (14) are at least partially fused together by the application of pressure and heat.
EP95200680A 1990-10-11 1991-10-10 Papermaking apparatus for pressing and drying a web Expired - Lifetime EP0665328B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US59591090A true 1990-10-11 1990-10-11
US595910 1990-10-11
EP19910630081 EP0480868B1 (en) 1990-10-11 1991-10-10 A fabric for supporting a web

Related Parent Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19910630081 Division EP0480868B1 (en) 1990-10-11 1991-10-10 A fabric for supporting a web
EP91630081.7 Division 1991-10-10

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0665328A1 true EP0665328A1 (en) 1995-08-02
EP0665328B1 EP0665328B1 (en) 1999-03-31

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Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19910630081 Expired - Lifetime EP0480868B1 (en) 1990-10-11 1991-10-10 A fabric for supporting a web
EP95200680A Expired - Lifetime EP0665328B1 (en) 1990-10-11 1991-10-10 Papermaking apparatus for pressing and drying a web

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19910630081 Expired - Lifetime EP0480868B1 (en) 1990-10-11 1991-10-10 A fabric for supporting a web

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EP (2) EP0480868B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH07113197B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2053088C (en)
DE (4) DE69131077T2 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003046279A1 (en) * 2001-11-28 2003-06-05 Voith Paper Patent Gmbh A pressing felt
WO2005061788A1 (en) * 2003-12-17 2005-07-07 Albany International Corp. An industrial fabric having a layer of a fluoropolymer and method of manufacture
EP2133465A1 (en) * 2008-06-11 2009-12-16 Voith Patent GmbH Press device
WO2009156593A1 (en) * 2008-06-27 2009-12-30 Metso Paper, Inc. Pulp drying machine and method for drying a pulp web

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB9220351D0 (en) * 1992-09-25 1992-11-11 Albany Research Uk Improvements in and relating to paper machine felts
SE504975C2 (en) * 1995-09-08 1997-06-02 Albany Int Corp dryer screen
JP3488403B2 (en) * 1999-09-20 2004-01-19 市川毛織株式会社 Wet paper transport belt and method of manufacturing the same
FI111471B (en) * 1999-10-13 2003-07-31 Tamfelt Oyj Abp Transfer belt for paper machine
JP4883629B2 (en) * 2007-03-13 2012-02-22 イチカワ株式会社 Wet paper transport belt
US20150159326A1 (en) * 2013-12-10 2015-06-11 Huyck Licensco, Inc. Felt with cellulosic fibers for forming fiber cement articles

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US3401467A (en) * 1967-06-05 1968-09-17 Orr Felt & Blanket Company Paper makers' felt
AT301325B (en) * 1966-05-27 1972-08-25 Michisuke Kinoshita Felt for paper machines or the like.
US4483745A (en) * 1982-09-29 1984-11-20 Beloit Corporation Method and apparatus of sheet transfer using a nonporous smooth surfaced belt
US4529643A (en) * 1982-10-08 1985-07-16 Tamfelt Oy Ab Press felt for paper making and a method of manufacturing such a felt
US4738752A (en) * 1986-08-12 1988-04-19 Beloit Corporation Heated extended nip press apparatus
US4861430A (en) * 1985-12-09 1989-08-29 Nordiskafilt Ab Controlling a paper web path in the press section with an impermeable belt

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JPS50145603A (en) * 1974-05-10 1975-11-22
JPS59106595A (en) * 1982-12-13 1984-06-20 Ichikawa Woolen Textile Papermaking needle felt and production thereof
JPS6344877A (en) * 1986-04-02 1988-02-25 Ain Eng Kk Leathery sheet

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AT301325B (en) * 1966-05-27 1972-08-25 Michisuke Kinoshita Felt for paper machines or the like.
US3401467A (en) * 1967-06-05 1968-09-17 Orr Felt & Blanket Company Paper makers' felt
US4483745A (en) * 1982-09-29 1984-11-20 Beloit Corporation Method and apparatus of sheet transfer using a nonporous smooth surfaced belt
US4529643A (en) * 1982-10-08 1985-07-16 Tamfelt Oy Ab Press felt for paper making and a method of manufacturing such a felt
US4861430A (en) * 1985-12-09 1989-08-29 Nordiskafilt Ab Controlling a paper web path in the press section with an impermeable belt
US4738752A (en) * 1986-08-12 1988-04-19 Beloit Corporation Heated extended nip press apparatus

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003046279A1 (en) * 2001-11-28 2003-06-05 Voith Paper Patent Gmbh A pressing felt
WO2005061788A1 (en) * 2003-12-17 2005-07-07 Albany International Corp. An industrial fabric having a layer of a fluoropolymer and method of manufacture
EP2133465A1 (en) * 2008-06-11 2009-12-16 Voith Patent GmbH Press device
WO2009156593A1 (en) * 2008-06-27 2009-12-30 Metso Paper, Inc. Pulp drying machine and method for drying a pulp web
CN102076905B (en) * 2008-06-27 2012-10-03 美卓造纸机械公司 Pulp drying machine and method for drying a pulp web
AT508814A3 (en) * 2008-06-27 2012-12-15 Metso Paper Inc Cell dry dryer and method for drying a pulpe rail
AT508814B1 (en) * 2008-06-27 2013-02-15 Metso Paper Inc Cell dry dryer and method for drying a pulpe rail

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Publication number Publication date
DE69125781T2 (en) 1997-09-04
JPH04281092A (en) 1992-10-06
DE69125781D1 (en) 1997-05-28
EP0480868A1 (en) 1992-04-15
DE69131077T2 (en) 1999-09-30
JPH07113197B2 (en) 1995-12-06
DE69131077D1 (en) 1999-05-06
CA2053088C (en) 1997-10-14
CA2053088A1 (en) 1992-04-12
EP0665328B1 (en) 1999-03-31
EP0480868B1 (en) 1997-04-23

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