EP0367985A2 - Nozzle attachment for an adhesive spray gun - Google Patents

Nozzle attachment for an adhesive spray gun Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0367985A2
EP0367985A2 EP89118357A EP89118357A EP0367985A2 EP 0367985 A2 EP0367985 A2 EP 0367985A2 EP 89118357 A EP89118357 A EP 89118357A EP 89118357 A EP89118357 A EP 89118357A EP 0367985 A2 EP0367985 A2 EP 0367985A2
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
adhesive
nozzle
plate
formed
air
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
EP89118357A
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0367985A3 (en
EP0367985B1 (en
Inventor
Charles H. Scholl
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Nordson Corp
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Nordson Corp
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Priority to US26800288A priority Critical
Priority to US268002 priority
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/02Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge
    • B05B7/08Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge with separate outlet orifices, e.g. to form parallel jets, i.e. the axis of the jets being parallel, to form intersecting jets, i.e. the axis of the jets converging but not necessarily intersecting at a point
    • B05B7/0807Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge with separate outlet orifices, e.g. to form parallel jets, i.e. the axis of the jets being parallel, to form intersecting jets, i.e. the axis of the jets converging but not necessarily intersecting at a point to form intersecting jets
    • B05B7/0861Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge with separate outlet orifices, e.g. to form parallel jets, i.e. the axis of the jets being parallel, to form intersecting jets, i.e. the axis of the jets converging but not necessarily intersecting at a point to form intersecting jets with one single jet constituted by a liquid or a mixture containing a liquid and several gas jets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C5/00Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is projected, poured or allowed to flow on to the surface of the work
    • B05C5/02Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is projected, poured or allowed to flow on to the surface of the work the liquid or other fluent material being discharged through an outlet orifice by pressure, e.g. from an outlet device in contact or almost in contact, with the work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C5/00Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is projected, poured or allowed to flow on to the surface of the work
    • B05C5/02Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is projected, poured or allowed to flow on to the surface of the work the liquid or other fluent material being discharged through an outlet orifice by pressure, e.g. from an outlet device in contact or almost in contact, with the work
    • B05C5/0225Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is projected, poured or allowed to flow on to the surface of the work the liquid or other fluent material being discharged through an outlet orifice by pressure, e.g. from an outlet device in contact or almost in contact, with the work characterised by flow controlling means, e.g. valves, located proximate the outlet

Abstract

An apparatus for spraying heated hot melt adhesive in elongated strands or fibers in a con­trolled, spiral pattern upon a substrate comprises a spray gun (10) having a nozzle (14) formed with an adhesive delivery passageway (56) and an air delivery passageway (94) both of which terminated at the base of the nozzle (14). A nozzle attachment (18) in the form of a one-piece annular plate is mounted to the base of the nozzle (14) by a cap (62). The annular plate (18) is formed with a throughbore (110) which receives hot melt adhesive from the adhesive delivery passageway (56) and ejects an adhesive bead through a nozzle tip (108) formed on the outer side of the plate (18) opposite the nozzle (14). An annular groove (112) formed in the outer side of the plate (18) facilitates drilling of air jets bores (118) therein at an angle relative to the through­bore and adhesive bead ejected therefrom. The air jet bores (118) receive pressurized air from the air delivery passageway (94) in the nozzle (14) and direct jets of pressur­ized air substantially tangent to the adhesive bead to form elongated adhesive fibers and to impart a spiral motion to the elongated fibers so that they are formed in a compact spray pattern for deposition onto a substrate.

Description

    Related Patents
  • This invention is related to U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 07/041,712, filed April 23, 1987, and entitled "Adhesive Spray Gun and Nozzle Attachment", which is assigned to the same assignee as this invention.
  • Field of the Invention
  • This invention relates to adhesive spray guns, and, more particularly, to an adhesive spray gun having a nozzle attachment for spraying hot melt adhesive in beads or fibers in a controlled spray pattern onto a substrate.
  • Background of the Invention
  • Hot melt thermoplastic adhesives have been widely used in industry for adhering many types of products, and are particularly useful in applications where quick setting time is advantageous. One appli­cation for hot melt adhesive which has been of consid­erable interest in recent years is the bonding of non-­woven fibrous material to a polyurethane substrate in articles such as disposable diapers, incontinence pads and similar articles.
  • One aspect of forming an appropriate bond between the non-woven layer and polyurethane substrate of a disposable diaper, for example, is to avoid loss of adhesive in the valleys or gaps formed in the irregular surface of the chopped fibrous or fluff-type material which forms the non-woven layer. If the adhesive is discharged onto the non-woven layer in droplet form, for example, a portion of the droplets can fall between the gaps in the surface of the fibrous, non-woven material. As a result, additional quantities of adhesive are required to obtain the desired bond strength between the polyurethane sub­strate and non-woven material.
  • This problem has been overcome in the prior art by forming hot melt thermoplastic adhesives in elongated, thin beads or fibers which are deposited atop the non-woven material and span the gaps in its irregular surface. Elongated beads or fibers of adhesive have been produced in prior art spray devices which include a nozzle formed with an adhesive dis­charge opening and one or more air jet orifices through which a jet of air is ejected. A bead of adhesive is ejected from the adhesive discharge opening in the nozzle which is then impinged by the air jets to attenuate or stretch the adhesive bead forming a thin fiber for deposition onto the sub­strate. Examples of spray devices of this type are disclosed in U.S. Patent Nos. 2,626,424 to Hawthorne, Jr.; 3,152,923 to Marshall et al; and, 4,185,981 to Ohsato et al.
  • In applications such as the formation of disposable diapers, it is important to carefully control the spray pattern of adhesive fibers deposited onto the non-woven substrate in order to obtain the desired bond strength between the non-woven layer and polyurethane substrate using as little adhesive as possible. Improved control of the spray pattern of adhesive fibers has been obtained in prior art spray devices of the type described above by impacting the adhesive bead discharged from the nozzle with air jets directed substantially tangent to the adhesive bead. The tangentially applied air jets control the motion of the elongated fibers of adhesive formed from the adhesive bead ejected from the adhesive discharge opening in the gun nozzle, and confine the elongated fibers in a relatively tight, or compact, spiral pattern for application onto the substrate. Structure which produces a spiral spray pattern of adhesive fibers for deposition onto a substrate is disclosed, for example, in the '424 Hawthorne, Jr. patent and the '981 Ohsato et al patent mentioned above.
  • In order to produce a compact spiral spray pattern of adhesive fibers in the spray devices described above, it is important to ensure that the air jets are directed tangentially relative to the bead of adhesive ejected from the nozzle of the spray device. This requires accurate placement of the bores or passageways through which pressurized air is ejected from the nozzle or gun body of the spray device, which are typically on the order of about 0.015 to 0.020 inches in diameter. The boring or drilling of passageways having such a small diameter at the appropriate angles in the nozzle and/or gun body of prior art spray devices is a relatively expensive and difficult machining operation.
  • Many problems which prior art adhesive fiber spray systems have been overcome by the nozzle attach­ment disclosed in U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 07/041,712, filed April 23, 1987 and entitled "Adhe­sive Spray Gun and Nozzle Attachment" which is assigned to the same assignee as this invention. The nozzle attachment of that invention is adapted to mount to the nozzle of a standard adhesive spray gun which is formed with an adhesive discharge opening connected to an adhesive passageway in the gun body and an air discharge opening connected to an air passageway in the gun body. The nozzle attachment is a one-piece annular plate formed with a boss extending outwardly from a first surface of the plate and a nozzle tip extending outwardly from a second surface of the plate. A throughbore is formed between the boss and nozzle tip which communicates with the adhesive discharge opening in the nozzle of the gun body when the plate is mounted to the nozzle. Heated hot melt adhesive is transmitted through the adhesive passageway in the gun body, out its adhesive discharge opening and then into the throughbore in the plate. The adhesive is ejected as a bead through the nozzle tip toward a substrate.
  • The annular plate is formed with a V-shaped notch or groove which extends from its first surface having the boss toward the second surface formed with the nozzle tip. The V-shaped groove is provided to assist in drilling air jet bores in the plate through which jets of pressurized air are directed at an angle of about 30° and tangent to the adhesive bead ejected from the nozzle tip. The annular V-shaped groove is formed with two sidewalls, one of which is disposed substantially perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of each of the air jet bores. This construction permits the drill bit to contact the plate at the surface of one of the sidewalls in the V-shaped groove which is substantially perpendicular to the axis of movement of the drill bit, i.e., at an angle of abut 30° to the first and second surfaces of the plate. As a result, sliding of the drill bit relative to the plate is minimized during the drilling or boring operation which helps locate the air jets bores at the desired angle in the plate.
  • While the nozzle attachment disclosed in Serial No. 07/041,712 solves many of the problems of prior art devices designed to spray adhesive fibers, some deficiencies have been discovered in certain applications. It has been found that the formation of a groove in the relatively thin nozzle attachment or plate can result in deflection of the nozzle attach­ment during operation. This deflection can form a leakage path at the interface between the nozzle attachment and nozzle of the spray gun. In some instances, it has been found that hot melt adhesive entering the nozzle attachment has flowed along this leakage path and been deposited in the V-shaped groove where the air flows into the air jet bores. This can clog the air jet bores and restrict the flow of air necessary to attenuate or stretch the adhesive bead to form adhesive fibers.
  • Another potential problem with the nozzle attachment of Serial No. 07/041,712 is that the air jet bores are drilled in the plate or nozzle attach­ment from the inner side or surface which contacts the nozzle toward the outer side or surface formed with the nozzle tip. Because the air jet bores are so small in diameter, i.e., .015 to .020 inches, it is possible for the drill bit to drift or move off line in the course of passing through the nozzle attachment from its inner side to the outer side. As a result, the discharge outlet of the air jet bores at the outer side of the nozzle attachment might be slightly out of position and this can affect the efficiency of the nozzle attachment in forming adhesive fibers because the air jets may not impact the adhesive bead pre­cisely tangentially thereto.
  • The nozzle tip of the nozzle attachment disclosed in Serial No. 07/041,712 protrudes from the outer surface thereof when mounted to the nozzle of the gun body, and extends outwardly from a mounting nut which secures the nozzle attachment to the nozzle of the spray gun. A cavity or space is thus formed between the nozzle tip and such mounting nut. When the spray gun is operated intermittently, it has been found that cut-off drool, i.e., adhesive remaining after the gun is shut off, can collect in the space or cavity between the nozzle tip and mounting nut. This cut-off drool might collect and partially block the discharge outlet of the air jet bores formed in the nozzle attachment, thus affecting the performance of the nozzle attachment in forming adhesive fibers. Additionally, the protruding nozzle tip is exposed and can be damaged if it contacts the target substrate or other object during operation of the spray gun.
  • Summary of the Invention
  • It is therefore among the objectives of this invention to provide a nozzle attachment for use in a spray gun for spraying hot melt adhesive in elongated beads or fibers onto a substrate which is relatively inexpensive to manufacture, which provides accurately located air jets to attenuate or stretch an adhesive bead to form adhesive fibers, which avoids leakage of adhesive from the spray gun, which is rugged in construction, which resists clogging with adhesive and which is readily installed on a standard spray gun to convert the spray gun to one capable of spraying hot melt adhesive in fiber form.
  • These objectives are accomplished in a nozzle attachment for a hot melt adhesive spray device which includes a gun body and a nozzle having an adhesive passageway and an air passageway. The nozzle attachment is a one-piece annular plate which is mounted by a cap or nut to the nozzle of the gun body.
  • The nozzle attachment or plate is formed with a throughbore adapted to connect to the adhesive passageway in the nozzle, and a plurality of spaced air jet bores are formed in the plate which communi­cate with the air passageway in the nozzle. An adhesive bead is ejected from the throughbore in the plate which is impacted by air jets from the spaced air jet bores. The air jets are directed tangentially to the bead to both stretch the bead forming hot melt adhesive fibers, and to impart a spiral motion to the adhesive fibers so that they are deposited in a controlled spray pattern upon a substrate.
  • The one-piece annular plate is formed with a boss extending outwardly from a first, inner surface of the plate, and a nozzle tip extending inwardly from a second, outer surface of the plate toward its inner surface. A throughbore is formed between the boss and nozzle tip which communicates with the adhesive passageway in the nozzle when the plate is mounted thereto. Heated hot melt adhesive is transmitted through the nozzle and then into the throughbore in the plate from which it is ejected through a discharge outlet of the nozzle tip toward a substrate.
  • The annular plate of this invention is relatively thick from its inner surface to its outer surface in order to resist deflection with respect to the nozzle during operation of the spray gun. The inner surface of the plate is flat or planar except for the boss which extends outwardly therefrom. This inner surface forms an effective metal-to-metal seal with the mating surface of the nozzle of the spray gun when the plate is mounted thereto. As a result, adhesive transmitted from the nozzle into the throughbore of the plate is prevented from leaking at the interface therebetween.
  • The annular plate forming the nozzle attach­ment of this invention is formed with an annular, V-shaped notch or groove which extends inwardly from the outer surface of the plate toward its inner surface. This V-shaped groove is provided to assist in the drilling operation of the air jet bores through which jets of pressurized air are directed from the air passageway in the nozzle, through the plate and then into contact with the adhesive bead ejected from the discharge outlet of the nozzle tip.
  • In the presently preferred embodiment, each of the spaced air jet bores is drilled at an angle of approximately 30° with respect to the longitudinal axis of the throughbore in the plate from which the adhesive bead is ejected. In order to assist in drilling the air jet bores at this angle, the V-shaped notch or groove at the outer surface of the nozzle attachment forms two sidewalls. One of the sidewalls is oriented substantially perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of each of the air jet bores. The other sidewall forms the outer surface of the nozzle tip such that the discharge outlet of the nozzle tip is substantially coplanar with the outer surface of the plate. The sidewall of the V-shaped groove oriented perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of the air jet bores permits the drill bit to contact the plate at a surface which is substantially perpendicu­lar to the axis of movement of the drill bit even though the drill bit is moved at a 30° angle with respect to the outer surface of the plate.
  • The air jet bores formed in the nozzle attachment of this invention are drilled by movement of a drill bit from the outer surface of the nozzle attachment where the V-shaped groove is formed, toward the inner surface of the nozzle attachment which contacts the nozzle. As mentioned above, it is important that the outlet of the air jet bores be precisely located so that the air jets discharged therefrom tangentially impact the adhesive bead discharged from the nozzle tip of the nozzle attach­ment. Because the drilling operation begins at the outer surface of the nozzle attachment, the location of the outlet of the air jet bores at such outer surface can be precisely controlled. Any drift of the drill bit in moving through the nozzle attachment or plate has no effect on the location of the outlet of the air jet bores at the outer surface of the plate. This had sometimes presented a problem in the machin­ing of the nozzle attachment disclosed in prior Application Serial No. 07/041,712 wherein the drilling operation proceeded from the inner surface of the plate toward the outer surface.
  • In a presently preferred embodiment, the spaced air jet bores are also formed in the plate at an angle relative to the outer periphery of the throughbore and the adhesive bead ejected therefrom. The longitudinal axis of each air jet bore is oriented at an angle of approximately 10° with respect to a vertical plane which passes through the longitudinal axis of the throughbore in the plate and the center of such air jet bore at the V-shaped groove in the plate. As a result, the jets of pressurized air ejected from the spaced air jet bores impact the adhesive bead discharged from the nozzle tip of the plate at its outer periphery so as to impart a rotational movement to the bead. The adhesive bead is attenuated or stretched into elongated fibers upon impact with the air jets, and these fibers are then rotated by the air jets in a spiral motion to control the width of the spray pattern applied to the substrate.
  • In the presently preferred embodiment, an annular recess is formed in the nozzle attachment or plate which extends inwardly at the peripheral edge of the plate from its outer surface toward the inner surface. This annular recess forms a seat which receives the mounting nut or cap which mounts the nozzle attachment to the nozzle of the spray gun. Preferably, the outer surface of the nozzle attachment and the discharge outlet of the nozzle tip are coplanar with the mounting cap or nut when the nozzle attachment is mounted to the spray gun nozzle.
  • This construction has two advantages. First, there is no space or cavity formed between the mounting nut and nozzle tip in which cut-off drool or strands of adhesive could collect to block the air jet bores. This had been a problem in the aforementioned patent application Serial No. 07/041,712 wherein a gap was formed between the nozzle tip and mounting nut. Secondly, the mounting nut, the outer surface of the nozzle attachment and the discharge outlet of the nozzle tip are all coplanar. This prevents the nozzle tip from contacting the substrate or another object during separation of the spray gun where it could be damaged.
  • The nozzle attachment or plate of this invention provides an economical means to convert a standard spray gun into one in which hot melt adhesive may be discharged in elongated strands or fibers for applications such as bonding the non-woven and poly­urethane layers of disposable diapers or other hygienic articles. The construction of the nozzle attachment or plate prevents leakage of adhesive at its interface with the nozzle, facilitates the accu­rate drilling of air jet bores so that the adhesive bead discharged from the spray device is consistently formed into elongated fibers and resists clogging from build-up of cut-off drool. The nozzle attachment or plate is easily removed from the spray gun and re­placed with another nozzle attachment of different size to accommodate different applications and/or different spray guns.
  • Detailed Description of the Drawings
  • The structure, operation and advantages of the presently preferred embodiment of this invention will become further apparent upon consideration of the following description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
    • Fig. 1 is a cross sectional view of a spray gun incorporating the nozzle attachment herein with a schematic view of a manifold mounted to the spray gun;
    • Fig. 2 is an enlarged cross sectional view of the nozzle attachment herein showing an adhesive bead impacted by air jet streams; and
    • Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the nozzle attachment shown in Fig. 2.
    Detailed Description of the Invention
  • Referring now to Fig. 1, an adhesive spray device 10 is illustrated comprising a gun body 12 having a nozzle 14 connected at one end, and an adhesive manifold 16 and air manifold 17 mounted to the gun body 12. The air manifold 17 is mounted to the adhesive manifold 16 by two or more screws 19, each of which extend through a spacer 21 extending between the manifolds 16, 17. The nozzle 14 supports a nozzle attachment 18 from which a bead of heated hot melt adhesive is discharged and formed into a thin, elongated bead or fiber which is rotated in a compact spiral spray pattern onto a substrate, as discussed in detail below. The structure of the gun body 12 and manifolds 16, 17 are substantially identical to the Model H200 spray gun manufactured and sold by the assignee of this invention, Nordson Corporation of Amherst, Ohio. These elements form no part of the invention per se and are thus discussed only briefly herein.
  • As shown in Fig. 1, the upper portion of gun body 12 is formed with an air cavity 20 which receives the upper end of a plunger 22 mounted to a seal 24. The seal 24 is slidable within the air cavity 20 and provides an airtight seal along its walls. A collar 26 is mounted to the upper end of gun body 12, such as by bolts 28, which is formed with a throughbore defining an inner, threaded wall 30. The collar 26 receives a plug 32 having external threads which mate with the threaded wall 30 of the collar 26. The plug 32 is hollow and a spring 34 is mounted in its interi­or which extends between the top end of the plunger 22 and the head 36 of plug 32 having a screw slot 38. A lock nut 40 is threaded onto the plug 32 into engage­ment with the top edge of the collar 26.
  • The plug 32 is rotatable with respect to the collar 26 to vary the force applied by the spring 34 against the top edge of plunger 22. In order to rotate the plug 32, the lock nut 40 is first rotated to disengage the collar 26 after which a screwdriver is inserted into the screw slot 38 in the head 36 of plug 32 and rotated to move the plug 32, and in turn increase or decrease the compression force of spring 34 within the collar 26.
  • The plunger 22 is sealed at the base of the air cavity 20 by a seal 42 which permits axial move­ment of the plunger 22 therealong. The plunger 22 extends downwardly through the gun body 12 from the air cavity 20 through a stepped bore 44 which leads into an adhesive cavity 46 having a seal 48 at its upper end and a plunger mount 50 at its lower end. A spring 51 carried around the plunger 22 is disposed within the adhesive cavity 46 and extends between the seal 48 and plunger mount 50 to hold the seal 48 in place. This seal 48 and seal 42 aid in guiding the axial movement of plunger 22 within the gun body 12.
  • The upper end of the nozzle 14 extends into the adhesive cavity 46 and is sealed thereto by an O-ring 52. The nozzle 14 is fixed to the gun body 12 by screws 54. The plunger 22 extends downwardly from the adhesive cavity 46 and plunger mount 50 into an adhesive passageway 56 formed in the nozzle 14 which terminates at an adhesive discharge opening 57. Immediately upstream from the adhesive discharge opening 57, the adhesive passageway 56 is formed with a conical-shaped seat 58 which mates with the terminal end 59 of the plunger 22. As discussed below, move­ment of the plunger 22 relative to the seat 58 con­trols the flow of heated hot melt adhesive ejected from adhesive passageway 56 through its adhesive discharge opening 57.
  • The nozzle 14 is also formed with a reduced diameter portion having external threads 60 which mate with internal threads formed in a cap 62. As de­scribed below, the cap 62 mounts the nozzle attachment 18 to the base of nozzle 14 in communication with the discharge opening 57 of adhesive passageway 56.
  • The gun body 12 is mounted to the adhesive manifold 16 by mounting bolts 64. In turn, the adhesive manifold 16 is supported on a bar 66 by a mounting block 68 connected to the adhesive manifold 16 with screws 70. As illustrated at the top of Fig. 1, the mounting block 68 is formed with a slot 72 forming two half sections 73, 75 which receive the bar 66 therebetween. A bolt 74 spans the half sections 73, 75 of the mounting block formed by the slot 72 and tightens them down against the bar 66 to secure the mounting block 68 thereto.
  • The adhesive manifold 16 is formed with a junction box 76 which receives an electric cable 78 to supply power to a heater 80 and an RTD 82. The heater 80 maintains the hot melt adhesive in a molten state when it is introduced into the adhesive manifold 16 through an adhesive inlet line 84 from a source of hot melt adhesive (not shown). The adhesive inlet line 84 communicates through a connector line 86 formed in the gun body 12 with the adhesive cavity 46. An O-ring 85 is provided between the gun body 12 and adhesive manifold 16 at the junction of the adhesive inlet line 84 and connector line 86 to form a seal therebetween. Operating air for the plunger 22 is supplied through an inlet line 88 formed in the adhesive manifold 16 which is joined by a connector line 90 to the air cavity 20. The gun body 12 and manifold are sealed thereat by an O-ring 89.
  • The air manifold 17 is formed with an air inlet line 92 connected to an air delivery passageway 94 formed in the nozzle 14 which terminates in an annular chamber 95 at the base of the nozzle 14. O-ring seal 96 forms a fluid-tight seal between the nozzle 14 and air manifold 17 at the intersection of air inlet line 92 and air delivery passageway 94.
  • Referring now to the bottom of Fig. 1 and to Figs. 2 and 3, the nozzle attachment 18 of this invention is shown in detail. The nozzle attachment 18 is an annular plate having one side formed with a first or inner surface 102 and an opposite side formed with a second or outer surface 104 spaced from the inner surface 102. For purposes of the present description, the term "inner" refers to a direction toward the nozzle 14, and the term "outer" refers to a direction away from the nozzle 14 with the nozzle attachment 18 mounted to the nozzle 14 as shown in Fig. 1.
  • A boss 106 extends outwardly from the inner surface 102, and a nozzle tip 108 extends inwardly from the outer surface 104 in alignment with the boss 106. A throughbore 110 is drilled in the nozzle attachment 18 between the boss 106 and nozzle tip 108 forming a discharge outlet 109 in the nozzle tip 108 which is coplanar with the outer surface 104 of nozzle attachment 18. The throughbore 110 has a diameter in the range of about 0.010 to 0.040 inches, and pref­erably in the range of about 0.0175 to 0.0185 inches.
  • An annular, V-shaped groove 112 is formed in the nozzle attachment 18 which extends inwardly from its outer surface 104 toward the inner surface 102. The annular groove 112 defines a pair of sidewalls 114, 116 which are substantially perpendicular to one another and intersect. In a presently preferred embodiment, the sidewall 116 is formed at approxi­mately a 30° angle with respect to the planar outer surface 104 of the nozzle attachment 18, and the sidewall 114 forms the outer surface of the nozzle tip 108. As best shown in Figs. 2 and 3, six air jet bores 118 are formed in the nozzle attachment 18 between the annular groove 112 and the inner surface 102, preferably at an angle of approximately 30° with respect to the longitudinal axis of the throughbore 110. The diameter of the air jet bores 118 is in the range of about 0.010 to 0.040 inches, and preferably in the range of about 0.017 to 0.019 inches.
  • The annular groove 112 facilitates accurate drilling of the air jet bores 118 so that they are formed at the desired angle relative to throughbore 110 and are precisely located at the desired position along the sidewall 116 of groove 112. By forming the sidewall 116 at a 30° angle relative to the upper surface 102 of nozzle attachment 18, a drill bit (not shown) can enter the annular groove 112 in the nozzle attachment 18 at a 30° angle relative to its outer surface 104, but contact the sidewall 116 formed by the annular groove 112 at a 90° angle. As a result, the drilling operation is performed with minimal slippage between the drill bit and nozzle attachment 18. This allows the outlet 119 of the air jet bores 118 to be precisely positioned at the sidewall 116 and oriented at the appropriate angles relative to throughbore 110. In the event of any drift of the drill bit as it moves through the nozzle attachment 18 to the inner surface 102, the inlet 121 of the air jet bores 118 may be slightly out of position but would nevertheless intersect the annular chamber 95 formed in nozzle 14.
  • As shown in Fig. 3, the longitudinal axis of each of the air jet bores 118 is angled approximately 10° with respect to a vertical plane passing through the longitudinal axis of the throughbore 110 and the center of each such bore 118 at the annular groove 112. For example, the longitudinal axis 122 of air jet bore 118a is angled approximately 10° relative to a vertical plane passing through the longitudinal axis 124 of throughbore 110 and the center point 126 of bore 118a at the annular groove 112 in nozzle attach­ment 18. As a result, the jet of pressurized air 128 ejected from air jet bore 118a is directed substan­tially tangent to the outer periphery of the through­bore 110 and the adhesive bead 130 ejected therefrom, as described below.
  • Referred now to Figs. 1 and 2, the cap 62 is formed with an annular seat 132 which mates with an annular recess 134 formed in the peripheral edge of nozzle attachment 18 which extends inwardly from its outer surface 104. The cap 62 is threaded onto the lowermost end of the nozzle 14 so that the boss 106 on the inner surface 102 of nozzle attachment 18 extends within a seat 136 formed in the base of nozzle 14 at the adhesive discharge opening 57 of adhesive passage­way 56. With the nozzle attachment 18 in this posi­tion, the inlet of each of the air jet bores 118 communicates with the annular air chamber 95 formed in the base of the nozzle 14 at the end of the air delivery passageway 94. No O-rings or other seals are required between the inner surface 102 of the nozzle attachment 18 and the nozzle 14 in order to create a fluid-tight seal therebetween and between the boss 106 and adhesive discharge opening 57. The nozzle attach­ment 18 is easily removed and replaced by another attachment of different size by rotating the cap 62 out of engagement with the nozzle 14.
  • The operation of the spray device 10 of this invention is as follows. Heated hot melt adhesive is introduced into the adhesive cavity 46 of the gun body 12 through the adhesive inlet line 84. Adhesive flows from the adhesive cavity 46 into the nozzle 14 through the adhesive passageway 56. With the terminal end 59 of the plunger 22 in engagement with the seat 58 formed at the end of the adhesive passageway 56, as illustrated in Fig. 1, the adhesive is not permitted to flow through the adhesive discharge opening 57 of the adhesive passageway 56 to the throughbore 110. In order to retract the plunger 22 and permit the flow of adhesive into the discharge opening 57, operating air is introduced through the operating air line 88 into the air cavity 20 in the gun body 12. This pressur­ized air acts against the seal 24 connected to the plunger 22 which forces the plunger 22 upwardly so that its terminal end 59 disengages the seat 58 at the lower end of the adhesive passageway 56. The plunger 22 is returned to its closed position by discontinuing the flow of air to the air cavity 20 allowing the return spring 34 to move the plunger 22 back into a seated position.
  • The flow of hot melt adhesive through the adhesive discharge opening 57 of adhesive passageway 56 is transmitted into the throughbore 110 of nozzle attachment 18 from which it is discharged through the discharge outlet 109 of nozzle tip 108 to form the adhesive bead 130. At the same time the adhesive bead 130 is formed and ejected from the nozzle attachment 18, pressurized air is directed through the air inlet line 92, air delivery passageway 94 and air chamber 95 to the air jet bores 118 formed in the nozzle attach­ment 18.
  • As best shown in Fig. 2, the air jet bores 118 are angled relative to the longitudinal axis of the throughbore 110 so that the jets of air 128 flowing therethrough impact the adhesive bead 130 substantially tangent to its outer periphery at a point spaced below the nozzle tip 108. The air ejected from the air jet bores 118 performs two functions. First, the jets of air 128 attenuate or stretch the adhesive bead 130 forming elongated strands or fibers of hot melt adhesive for deposit onto a substrate. Additionally, since the air jet bores 118 are oriented to direct jets of air 128 tangent to the outer periphery of the adhesive bead 130, the adhesive bead 130 and adhesive fibers formed therefrom are rotated in a compact spiral path toward a substrate. As a result, a controlled pattern of adhesive having a desired width is obtained on the substrate.
  • While the invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the air that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intend­ed that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed as the best mode contemplated for carrying out this invention, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. A nozzle attachment for use in an apparatus for spraying hot melt adhesive which includes a gun body having a nozzle formed with an adhesive passage­way for conveying heated hot melt adhesive and an air delivery passageway for conveying pressurized air, said nozzle attachment comprising:
a one-piece annular plate formed with a first surface on one side of said plate, and a second surface on an opposite side of said plate;
a nozzle tip formed in said plate which extends inwardly from said second surface toward said first surface, said nozzle tip having an adhesive discharge outlet located in substantially the same plane as said second surface of said plate;
said plate being formed with a throughbore extending between said first surface of said one side of said plate and said adhesive discharge outlet of said nozzle tip, said plate being adapted to mount to said nozzle of said gun body so that said first surface communicates with said air delivery passageway in said nozzle and so that said throughbore communi­cates with said adhesive passageway in said nozzle for receiving heated hot melt adhesive, the hot melt adhesive being ejected from said adhesive discharge outlet of said nozzle tip to form an adhesive bead;
said plate being formed with a substantially V-shaped annular groove forming first and second sidewalls each extending inwardly from said second surface toward said first surface and intersecting one another, one of said first and second sidewalls of said V-shaped annular groove forming the outer surface of said nozzle tip;
said plate being formed with a plurality of air jet bores extending from said V-shaped annular groove to said first surface of said plate, said air jet bores communicating with said air delivery pas­sageway in said nozzle for transmitting air there­through, said air jet bores each having a longitudinal axis extending substantially perpendicular to the other of said first and second sidewalls of said V-shaped annular groove, said air jet bores being formed at an angle with respect to said throughbore in said plate to direct pressurized air flowing there­through substantially tangent to the outer periphery of said adhesive bead ejected from said adhesive discharge outlet of said nozzle tip to form said adhesive bead in elongated adhesive fibers and to impart a twisting motion to said elongated adhesive fibers to form a spiral spray pattern of elongated adhesive fibers for deposition on a substrate.
2. The nozzle attachment of claim 1 in which said air jet bores in said one-piece annular plate are formed at an angle of about 30° relative to the longitudinal axis of said throughbore in said plate.
3. The nozzle attachment of claim 1 in which the longitudinal axis of each said air jet bores forms an angle of approximately 10° relative to a vertical plane passing through the longitudinal axis of said throughbore, the pressurized air ejected from said bores thereby being directed through said air jet bores substantially tangent to the outer periphery of said adhesive bead ejected from said adhesive dis­charge outlet of said nozzle tip.
4. Apparatus for spraying hot melt adhesive, comprising:
a gun body having a nozzle formed with an adhesive passageway communicating with a source of heated hot melt adhesive and an air passageway commu­nicating with a source of pressurized air;
a one-piece annular plate formed with a boss extending outwardly from a first surface of said plate and a nozzle tip extending inwardly from a second surface of said plate toward said first surface, said nozzle tip having an adhesive discharge outlet located in substantially the same plane as said second surface of said plate, said plate being formed with a through­bore extending between said boss and said adhesive discharge outlet of said nozzle tip;
said plate being formed with a substantially V-shaped annular groove forming first and second sidewalls each extending inwardly from said second surface toward said first surface and intersecting one another, one of said first and second sidewalls of said V-shaped annular groove forming the outer surface of said nozzle tip;
said plate being formed with a plurality of air jet bores extending from said V-shaped annular groove to said first surface of said plate, said air jet bores each having a longitudinal axis extending substantially perpendicular to the other of said first and second sidewalls of said V-shaped annular groove and at an angle relative to the longitudinal axis of said throughbore is said plate;
cap means for mounting said plate to said nozzle of said gun body so that said throughbore formed between said boss and said adhesive discharge outlet of said nozzle tip communicates with said adhesive passageway in said nozzle and said air jet bores communicate with said air passageway in said nozzle, said throughbore receiving heated hot melt adhesive from said adhesive passageway and ejecting the heated hot melt adhesive from said adhesive discharge outlet of said nozzle tip to form an adhe­sive bead, said air jet bores receiving pressurized air from said air passageway in said nozzle and directing the pressurized air substantially tangent to the outer periphery of said adhesive bead to form elongated adhesive fibers and to impart a twisting motion to said elongated adhesive fibers to form a spiral spray pattern of elongated adhesive fibers for deposition on a substrate.
5. The apparatus of claim 4 in which said nozzle of said gun body is formed with a seat which receives said boss of said plate forming a fluid-tight seal therebetween.
6. The apparatus of claim 4 in which said one-piece annular plate has a peripheral edge formed with a recess which extends from said second surface toward said first surface of said plate.
7. The apparatus of claim 6 in which a portion of said nozzle of said gun body is formed with exter­nal threads, said cap means comprising a cylindrical-­shaped member formed with a throughbore defining an inner wall having threads adapted to mate with said external threads of said nozzle, said cylindrical-­shaped member being formed with an annular seat which mates with said recess formed in said one-piece annular plate to support said plate, said cylindrical-­shaped member being threaded onto said nozzle to place said throughbore of said plate in communication with said adhesive passageway in said nozzle.
EP19890118357 1988-11-07 1989-10-04 Nozzle attachment for an adhesive spray gun Expired - Lifetime EP0367985B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US26800288A true 1988-11-07 1988-11-07
US268002 1988-11-07

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0367985A2 true EP0367985A2 (en) 1990-05-16
EP0367985A3 EP0367985A3 (en) 1990-08-08
EP0367985B1 EP0367985B1 (en) 1995-02-01

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ID=23021060

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19890118357 Expired - Lifetime EP0367985B1 (en) 1988-11-07 1989-10-04 Nozzle attachment for an adhesive spray gun

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EP (1) EP0367985B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2820740B2 (en)
AU (1) AU620920B2 (en)
CA (1) CA1316343C (en)
DE (1) DE68920950T2 (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0474155A2 (en) * 1990-09-06 1992-03-11 Nordson Corporation Nozzle cap for an adhesive dispenser
DE4208884A1 (en) * 1991-03-27 1992-10-01 Sca Schucker Gmbh Method and device for applying a pastous mass
US5169071A (en) * 1990-09-06 1992-12-08 Nordson Corporation Nozzle cap for an adhesive dispenser
DE19714029A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 1998-10-08 Bargen Rudolf Von Application head
DE19748908C1 (en) * 1997-11-05 1999-04-22 Wolfgang Puffe Applicator head for viscous medium, particularly hot smelt adhesive
EP0865873A3 (en) * 1997-03-20 1999-04-28 Comotti MC S.r.l. Dosage and dispensing gun, particularly for dispensing polishing paste
WO1999032233A1 (en) 1997-12-22 1999-07-01 Wolfgang Puffe Rotary applicator head
DE19757238C2 (en) * 1997-12-22 1999-11-25 Wolfgang Puffe Rotary application head
WO1999062642A1 (en) 1998-06-03 1999-12-09 Wolfgang Puffe Method and device for applying liquid media
EP1285699A1 (en) * 2001-08-11 2003-02-26 Amtec Kistler GmbH Apparatus for applying a coating agent
WO2005107957A1 (en) 2004-04-29 2005-11-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Extrusion applicator having rotational operability
WO2005107958A1 (en) 2004-04-29 2005-11-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Extrusion applicator having linear motion operability
US7524176B2 (en) 2005-06-16 2009-04-28 Sika Technology Ag Nozzle for applying adhesives
DE102013101637A1 (en) 2013-02-19 2014-08-21 Puffe Engineering Gmbh Application head for viscous media, particularly hot melt adhesive, has outlet nozzle and piston cylinder unit, where piston surface has longitudinal extension in direction of longitudinal axis

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102018211676A1 (en) 2018-07-12 2020-01-16 AUDI HUNGARIA Zrt. Protective cap element and nozzle with a protective cap element

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US3152923A (en) * 1961-11-07 1964-10-13 Huntingdon Ind Inc Apparatus for spraying adhesive on cartons
DE2553664A1 (en) * 1974-12-09 1976-06-10 Airprint Syst spray
US4185981A (en) * 1975-08-20 1980-01-29 Nippon Sheet Glass Co.,Ltd. Method for producing fibers from heat-softening materials
GB1587898A (en) * 1977-03-22 1981-04-15 Skm Sa Method of and apparatus for pneumatically spraying liquid products
WO1981001670A1 (en) * 1979-12-18 1981-06-25 J Amiaut Improved gun for applying paints by hot process
EP0222379A2 (en) * 1985-11-15 1987-05-20 Henning J. Claassen Device for spraying coating products
EP0333902A1 (en) * 1988-03-23 1989-09-27 Nordson Corporation Device for applying a thermoplastic, highly polymeric material, in particular an adhesive

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3152923A (en) * 1961-11-07 1964-10-13 Huntingdon Ind Inc Apparatus for spraying adhesive on cartons
DE2553664A1 (en) * 1974-12-09 1976-06-10 Airprint Syst spray
US4185981A (en) * 1975-08-20 1980-01-29 Nippon Sheet Glass Co.,Ltd. Method for producing fibers from heat-softening materials
GB1587898A (en) * 1977-03-22 1981-04-15 Skm Sa Method of and apparatus for pneumatically spraying liquid products
WO1981001670A1 (en) * 1979-12-18 1981-06-25 J Amiaut Improved gun for applying paints by hot process
EP0222379A2 (en) * 1985-11-15 1987-05-20 Henning J. Claassen Device for spraying coating products
EP0333902A1 (en) * 1988-03-23 1989-09-27 Nordson Corporation Device for applying a thermoplastic, highly polymeric material, in particular an adhesive

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0474155A3 (en) * 1990-09-06 1992-07-15 Nordson Corporation Nozzle cap for an adhesive dispenser
US5169071A (en) * 1990-09-06 1992-12-08 Nordson Corporation Nozzle cap for an adhesive dispenser
EP0474155A2 (en) * 1990-09-06 1992-03-11 Nordson Corporation Nozzle cap for an adhesive dispenser
USRE36534E (en) * 1991-03-27 2000-01-25 Sca Schucker Gmbh Method and device for applying a paste
DE4208884A1 (en) * 1991-03-27 1992-10-01 Sca Schucker Gmbh Method and device for applying a pastous mass
US5510149A (en) * 1991-03-27 1996-04-23 Sca Schucker Gmbh Method and device for applying a paste
EP0865873A3 (en) * 1997-03-20 1999-04-28 Comotti MC S.r.l. Dosage and dispensing gun, particularly for dispensing polishing paste
DE19714029A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 1998-10-08 Bargen Rudolf Von Application head
DE19714029C2 (en) * 1997-04-04 1999-06-10 Bargen Rudolf Von Application head
DE19748908C1 (en) * 1997-11-05 1999-04-22 Wolfgang Puffe Applicator head for viscous medium, particularly hot smelt adhesive
WO1999032233A1 (en) 1997-12-22 1999-07-01 Wolfgang Puffe Rotary applicator head
DE19757238C2 (en) * 1997-12-22 1999-11-25 Wolfgang Puffe Rotary application head
WO1999062642A1 (en) 1998-06-03 1999-12-09 Wolfgang Puffe Method and device for applying liquid media
EP1285699A1 (en) * 2001-08-11 2003-02-26 Amtec Kistler GmbH Apparatus for applying a coating agent
WO2005107957A1 (en) 2004-04-29 2005-11-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Extrusion applicator having rotational operability
WO2005107958A1 (en) 2004-04-29 2005-11-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Extrusion applicator having linear motion operability
US7097710B2 (en) 2004-04-29 2006-08-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Extrusion applicator having rotational operability
US7169228B2 (en) 2004-04-29 2007-01-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Extrusion applicator having linear motion operability
US7524176B2 (en) 2005-06-16 2009-04-28 Sika Technology Ag Nozzle for applying adhesives
DE102013101637A1 (en) 2013-02-19 2014-08-21 Puffe Engineering Gmbh Application head for viscous media, particularly hot melt adhesive, has outlet nozzle and piston cylinder unit, where piston surface has longitudinal extension in direction of longitudinal axis
DE102013101637B4 (en) * 2013-02-19 2017-02-16 Puffe Engineering Gmbh Application head for viscous media

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE68920950T2 (en) 1995-06-22
JP2820740B2 (en) 1998-11-05
JPH02180658A (en) 1990-07-13
EP0367985B1 (en) 1995-02-01
AU4275789A (en) 1990-05-10
AU620920B2 (en) 1992-02-27
EP0367985A3 (en) 1990-08-08
CA1316343C (en) 1993-04-20
DE68920950D1 (en) 1995-03-16

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