EP0126127B1 - String support and neck device for stringed and neck instrument - Google Patents

String support and neck device for stringed and neck instrument Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0126127B1
EP0126127B1 EP19830903797 EP83903797A EP0126127B1 EP 0126127 B1 EP0126127 B1 EP 0126127B1 EP 19830903797 EP19830903797 EP 19830903797 EP 83903797 A EP83903797 A EP 83903797A EP 0126127 B1 EP0126127 B1 EP 0126127B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
neck
instrument
handle
head
strings
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
EP19830903797
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0126127A1 (en
Inventor
Roger Lacroix
Yves Argant
Original Assignee
LACROIX, Roger
ARGANT, Yves
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FR8220168A priority Critical patent/FR2536890B1/fr
Priority to FR8220168 priority
Application filed by LACROIX, Roger, ARGANT, Yves filed Critical LACROIX, Roger
Publication of EP0126127A1 publication Critical patent/EP0126127A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0126127B1 publication Critical patent/EP0126127B1/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D3/00Details of, or accessories for, stringed musical instruments, e.g. slide-bars
    • G10D3/06Necks; Fingerboards, e.g. fret boards
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D1/00General design of stringed musical instruments

Abstract

Device enabling the tensioning of strings and the securing of a neck thereunder. It offers the possibility of obtaining a neck free of mechanical strains by means of outer supports. This neck may therefore have a very slim configuration, thereby facilitating the play of beginners, perfecters and virtuosi. The device according to the invention is comprised of a lateral support (1), another lateral support (3), a fixed or removable tempered or untempered neck (2), a string support or head (4), another string support or body (5) and strings (6) tensioned according to known methods. The device according to the invention is particularly intended to improve the existing stringed and neck instruments such as guitars, mandolins, bangos, violins, and the like, and to show the way to create new instruments.

Description

  • The present invention relates to stringed musical instruments such as, for example, the acoustic, electronic, electroacoustic, electric, classical, multimanche, Hawaiian, bass guitar, mandolin, banjo, violins, and all their derivatives. The invention also relates to the violin making of new types of musical instruments operating according to the principle of strings stretched between two supports, one being generally called body and the other head.
  • Traditionally all stringed musical instruments of the neck type have one or more necks, located between head and body, whose role is both to support the tension of the strings, to allow the selection of the vibrating length of the strings under the action of the fingers of one hand and transmitting vibrations to the body.
  • The surface of the neck on which the strings are supported by the musician's fingers is called the fingerboard. This key can be of a different material than that of the handle. On this key are placed metallic frets in the case of temperate instruments.
  • Because of their mechanical function, these handles are securely attached to the body and support the head. They are always thick and often wide, which leads to many execution difficulties, limited speed and dexterity, fatigue and cramps and poses many manufacturing problems and limits the number of octaves per string. In the case of a musical game of "Hawaiian" or "bottle neck" type, the key and the frets are a hindrance for the performance.
  • Although it is known in the prior art to reinforce the neck of a guitar with a metal rod extending inside of it, the neck still partially supports the tensile force due to the strings and the luthiers gives it the known dimensions, or else the fact that the handle itself only supports more than a part of the effort it is known to move the strings away from the key or bring them closer to allow the instrumentalist to play as if it were a classical guitar or a Hawaii guitar, such a device is described by patent US-A-2998742.
  • As is known in the prior art to have a guitar provided with two or more necks as described for example in patent DE-C-72,716, but in this case each neck supports the effort of pulling the strings it underlies.
  • It has indeed been proposed in patent US-A-1,808,103 a string instrument having a skeleton rod supporting the tensile force of the single cord which it underlies and a movable key along said rod, but the main object of this document was an instrument provided with a single string which was to cover the range of sound extending from the first violin to the cello which is not comparable with the subject of the request.
  • The device according to the invention overcomes these drawbacks. It consists in freeing the sleeve (s) from their usual mechanical constraints thanks to the action of one or more separate arms.
  • More particularly the subject of the invention is defined by the technical characteristics recited in claim 1.
  • Each arm makes it possible to connect the head and the body of the instrument and it is located in such a way that it clears around the neck and the strings a space necessary for the artist's playing.
  • Each arm is full or hollow and made of traditional materials such as metal, carbon, plastic or other. It can also play the role of resonator.
  • The arm helps the musician in the case of a five-finger play from above, by offering a fulcrum for his wrist or arm parallel to the handle.
  • The neck is narrow or wide depending on the number of strings, the spacing of the strings and the morphology of the musician's hands. It becomes possible to make sleeves for children, these sleeves can be changed when children grow.
  • The handle can be moved away from the strings or removed in order to allow play of the "Hawaiian" or "bottle neck" type, thus preventing the frets from interfering with this play.
  • The handle is adjustable in height in order to precisely adjust the touch string space, thus avoiding the use of height adjustable saddles and saddles.
  • The handle is longer than traditional handles and offers up to three octaves per string or more.
  • The neck is tempered or not, hollow and possibly receives sympathetic resonance strings.
  • The handle is made with conventional Lutherie materials and means allowing for known tones but also in materials such as metal, glass, crystal, carbon and depending on its method of attachment to the head and body offers tones and new games.
  • The accompanying drawings show, by way of indication, several exemplary embodiments of instruments according to the invention.
    • FIG. 1 represents an overall view of an instrument according to the invention in a basic principle chosen for its simplicity.
    • Figure 2 shows a side view of an instrument according to the invention comprising an arm behind the handle.
    • FIG. 3 represents a top view of an instrument according to the invention comprising an arm situated above the handle.
    • Figure 4 shows a top view of another instrument according to the invention.
    • FIG. 5 represents a top view of another instrument according to the invention.
    • Figure 6 shows an overview of an electric guitar called "jazz".
    • FIG. 7 represents a top view of a "solid body" guitar according to the invention.
    • FIG. 8 represents a side view of this guitar according to section AA of FIG. 7.
    • FIG. 9 represents a top view according to section BB of FIG. 7.
    • FIG. 10 represents a bottom view along the section CC of FIG. 7.
    • Figures 11, 12 and 13 show a device for fixing the handle to the body of the instrument.
    • Figures 14,15 and 16 show a device for fixing the handle to the head of the instrument.
    • Figure 17 shows an overview of another instrument according to the invention.
    • Figure 18 shows an overview of another instrument according to the invention.
  • The instrument shown in FIG. 1 comprises a first lateral arm (1) and a second lateral arm (3), the roles of which are to completely or partially free the thin handle (2) from mechanical stresses. The strings (6) stretched between the head (4) and the body (5) are fixed by the usual known methods which do not come within the scope of the invention.
  • The instrument shown in Figure 2 has an arm (7) located behind the thin handle (8) and attached to the body (9). It supports the head (10).
  • The instrument shown in Figure 3 has an arm located above the thin handle (12) and fixed to the body (13). It supports the head (14). This arm will preferably be made of rigid and transparent material.
  • The instrument shown in Figure 4 comprises an arm (15) supporting a flexible handle (16) and a thin handle (17) via a head (18). The arm is fixed to a body (19).
  • The instrument shown in FIG. 5 comprises an arm (20), a thin handle (21), a thin handle (22), an arm (23), a head (24) and a body (25).
  • It is easily understood that the device according to the invention can be applied to each type of existing stringed instrument and neck: range of violins, cellos, double bass; range of banjos; range of mandolins and the very wide range of different kinds of guitars with among others the "solid body" electric guitar, the classical guitar, the "folk" guitar and the "jazz" guitar.
  • The "jazz" guitar represented in FIG. 6 comprises a body (35) acting as a resonance box, made of solid or hollow wood, an arm (36), integral with the body (35) and the head (37), made in solid or hollow wood and equipped with a correction screw (38) acting in reaction against the tension of the strings, a thin handle (39) secured to the head (37) and the body (35), produced and fixed according to the classical methods but much thinner thickness at the choice of the luthier.
  • The guitar represented in FIGS. 7, 8, 9 and 10 comprises a body (40), a right arm (41), a left arm (42), a head (43), a neck (44), strings (45), as well as the usual elements of these guitars: microphone (46); electronic adjustment knobs (47), a tailpiece bridge (48).
  • The body (40) is slightly curved to allow the arms (41) (42) to be raised so that the latter are in the plane of the strings (45). These arms (41) (42) working only at compression are of reduced section.
  • The thin neck is removable so that the musician has several necks of different characteristics and changes according to his wishes.
  • This device is shown in Figures 11, 12 and 13. In the body of the guitar (51) is provided a location to accommodate the end of the neck (50), two grub screws (52) and (53) screwed into the body (51), allow to position the handle (50) in depth and a screw (49) of large diameter allows to press the handle against the positioning screws (52) (53). This makes it possible to quickly attach the handle and all the height and anti-twist adjustments.
  • Another device shown in Figures 14, 15 and 16 includes a screw system for fixing the handle to the head. The handle (60) placed in good position under the head (63) will be adjusted in height by the two screws (58) and (59). A piece (64) is used to hold the handle (60) pressed against the two screws (58) and (59). This part (64) is fixed to the head (63) by means of the two screws (54) and (56) and comprises screws (55) and (57) allowing the anti-hollow and anti-twisting adjustments. The strings (62) are supported by the nut (61) integral with the head (63).
  • The instrument represented in FIG. 17 comprises a frame (65), an easel (66), a nut (67), mechanics (68), a handle (70) all cut in the mass. The strings (69) are stretched between the nut (67) and the bridge (66).
  • The instrument represented in FIG. 18 comprises a frame (76), an easel (74), a saddle (71), mechanics (72), a handle (75) and strings (73) stretched between the saddle (71) and the easel (74). In this example, the partial frame is made of metal tube. The usual accessories (microphone, button, potentiometer etc ...) are screwed on.

Claims (5)

1. Stringed instrument of the guitar, banjo, violin type presenting a body (5) a handle (2) on which the performer plays a head (4) and strings (6) stretched between the body (5) and the head (4) extending along the handle and characterized by the fact that it has at least a separate arm between the body and the head of the instrument, this separated arm leaving the handle on which the performer plays free from mechanical constraints and traction forces exerted by the strings.
2. Instrument as claimed in claim 1 characterized by the fact that the body (5), the head (4) and the arm (3), form a single unit.
3. Instrument as claimed in claim 1, characterized by the fact that the handle (2) is fixed to the head (5) and to the body (5) by removable means which allow its detachableness.
4. Instrument as claimed in claim 1 and claim 2 characterized by the fact that the handle (2) is fixed to the head (5) and to the body by adjusting means allowing its movement for the variation of the distance between the strings and the handle (6).
5. Instrument as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4 characterized by the fact that there are simultaneously at least two handles (16-17-21-22) on the same instrument.
EP19830903797 1982-11-29 1983-11-29 String support and neck device for stringed and neck instrument Expired EP0126127B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8220168A FR2536890B1 (en) 1982-11-29 1982-11-29
FR8220168 1982-11-29

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0126127A1 EP0126127A1 (en) 1984-11-28
EP0126127B1 true EP0126127B1 (en) 1987-03-18

Family

ID=9279701

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19830903797 Expired EP0126127B1 (en) 1982-11-29 1983-11-29 String support and neck device for stringed and neck instrument

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US4616550A (en)
EP (1) EP0126127B1 (en)
DE (1) DE3370388D1 (en)
FR (1) FR2536890B1 (en)
WO (1) WO1984002218A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4915009A (en) * 1988-05-18 1990-04-10 Kunstadt Robert M Stringed electric musical instrument with independently suspended set-up module
DE4122335C2 (en) * 1991-07-05 1994-03-24 Michael Beck Stringed instrument with a vibrating element and solid body
US5239908A (en) * 1992-01-15 1993-08-31 James Attias Neck construction of a musical instrument
FR2687827B1 (en) * 1992-02-26 1994-07-01 Guyot Didier Hybrid music instrument.
US5293804A (en) * 1992-10-23 1994-03-15 Myers Curtis P Multiple resonant mode stringed musical apparatus and method utilizing primary and secondary bodies
US5900561A (en) * 1995-03-22 1999-05-04 Wechter; Abraham J. Guitar with improved headblock and tailblock
US6329581B1 (en) 2001-04-06 2001-12-11 Nosson Negin Stringed instrument neck having finger slots
US20070107579A1 (en) * 2003-07-30 2007-05-17 Babicz Jeffrey T String instrument
US20050155480A1 (en) * 2004-01-16 2005-07-21 Joseph Patterson M. Compound musical instrument string configuration and support system
US7425671B2 (en) * 2004-12-01 2008-09-16 Jerry Dean Cupit Compact stringed musical instrument
US7442865B2 (en) * 2004-12-09 2008-10-28 Ali Moghaddam Interchangable and modular acoustic and electric guitar apparatus
US7462767B1 (en) 2005-06-10 2008-12-09 Swift Dana B Stringed musical instrument tension balancer
US7211719B2 (en) * 2005-06-29 2007-05-01 Blake Jason D Stringed instrument
US7659464B1 (en) * 2007-11-29 2010-02-09 Victor Nickolas Kokodis Neck for stringed musical instrument
US7629520B1 (en) * 2008-09-10 2009-12-08 Enzo Garcia Enzotar
US20110185877A1 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-08-04 Sunny Ahn Stringed musical instrument
US7939735B2 (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-05-10 Sunny Ahn Stringed musical instrument
US9361862B2 (en) * 2014-09-26 2016-06-07 Andrzej Marek Klemarewski Passive amplification system for stringed instruments
USD879871S1 (en) * 2018-10-05 2020-03-31 Burke Guitar, LLC Stringed instrument

Family Cites Families (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US529893A (en) * 1894-11-27 Island
US508543A (en) * 1893-11-14 Lyro-guitar
DE72716C (en) *
US586032A (en) * 1897-07-06 Frederick john iiartman
US964660A (en) * 1908-11-09 1910-07-19 Gibson Mandolin Guitar Company Stringed musical instrument.
US1799696A (en) * 1926-05-10 1931-04-07 Miller Juanita Harp
US1808103A (en) * 1928-12-14 1931-06-02 Fischer Hermann String musical instrument
US2998742A (en) * 1959-10-30 1961-09-05 Francis L Pratt Spanish guitar with means for converting to hawahan guitar
GB978931A (en) * 1959-12-16 1965-01-01 Ormston Burns Ltd Improvements in and relating to stringed instruments
US3196730A (en) * 1962-07-17 1965-07-27 Francis L Daniel Musical instruments
US3678795A (en) * 1971-11-15 1972-07-25 Earthwood Inc Neck mounting for a string instrument
US3858480A (en) * 1973-10-26 1975-01-07 Stanley C Hirsch Stringed instrument
US4126072A (en) * 1977-05-03 1978-11-21 Taylor Robert A Stringed musical instrument
FR2415853B3 (en) * 1978-01-26 1980-10-17 Generaux Roger
US4137813A (en) * 1978-04-07 1979-02-06 Intonation Systems Fingerboard attachment for stringed instruments

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR2536890A1 (en) 1984-06-01
WO1984002218A1 (en) 1984-06-07
FR2536890B1 (en) 1985-04-26
EP0126127A1 (en) 1984-11-28
US4616550A (en) 1986-10-14
DE3370388D1 (en) 1987-04-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6175066B1 (en) Tuning means for stringed musical instrument
US3407696A (en) Stringed musical instrument stable, harmonic-free tuning
US5661252A (en) Acoustic arm
US5623110A (en) Quick-setting, variable, chord-forming, partial capo
US6831218B2 (en) Stringed musical instrument
US5097737A (en) Tuner system for a stringed instrument
US5750910A (en) Apparatus and method for tuning guitars
Kvifte et al. Instruments and the electronic age
CA1295494C (en) Bilateral tremolo apparatus
US6426454B1 (en) Stringed musical instruments and method therefor
US7002065B2 (en) Chassis for an electrical stringed musical instrument
US7863507B2 (en) Semi-hollow body for stringed instruments
US6723905B2 (en) Split-clip musical instrument
US5739444A (en) Multi-tuner bridge for stringed musical instruments
US7157633B1 (en) Simulated stringed instrument practice device
US5994633A (en) Stringed musical instruments
US20070095194A1 (en) Accessories or actuating elements for, or components of, musical instruments
US5191159A (en) Electrical stringed musical instrument
US5492045A (en) Quick release capo for stringed instrument
US4240319A (en) Electric guitars
US7663038B2 (en) Integral saddle and bridge for stringed musical instruments
US4192213A (en) Stringed musical instruments
US4248128A (en) Guitar pick array
US20040182221A1 (en) Contoured stringed musical instrument
JP3703393B2 (en) Stringed instrument and method of manufacturing a stringed instrument

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states:

Designated state(s): DE GB

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19841122

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): DE GB

REF Corresponds to:

Ref document number: 3370388

Country of ref document: DE

Date of ref document: 19870423

Format of ref document f/p: P

26N No opposition filed
GBPC Gb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee
PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: GB

Effective date: 19881122

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: DE

Effective date: 19890801