DE4425083A1 - Musical wind instrument with valves - Google Patents

Musical wind instrument with valves

Info

Publication number
DE4425083A1
DE4425083A1 DE19944425083 DE4425083A DE4425083A1 DE 4425083 A1 DE4425083 A1 DE 4425083A1 DE 19944425083 DE19944425083 DE 19944425083 DE 4425083 A DE4425083 A DE 4425083A DE 4425083 A1 DE4425083 A1 DE 4425083A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
valve
valves
wind instrument
leadpipe
mouthpiece
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
DE19944425083
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
DE4425083C2 (en
Inventor
Joseph Stengel
Georg Deuser
Original Assignee
Joseph Stengel
Georg Deuser
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Joseph Stengel, Georg Deuser filed Critical Joseph Stengel
Priority to DE19944425083 priority Critical patent/DE4425083C2/en
Publication of DE4425083A1 publication Critical patent/DE4425083A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE4425083C2 publication Critical patent/DE4425083C2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/10Lip-reed wind instruments, i.e. using the vibration of the musician's lips, e.g. cornets, trumpets, trombones or French horns

Abstract

The instrument has one or more valves. It incorporates a tuning slide leading to a valve at one end and joined to a mouth pipe at the other. The mouthpiece is fixed to the mouth pipe, and where there are several valves, there are passages between them. The valves have manually-operated plugs. The pipe (1) and slide (2) are in one piece, with a continuous internal surface. The slide can extend upwards in a cone to the valve (4). The cone can run continuously from the inlet to the outlet end. The air passages through the valve plugs can widen in a cone from the inlet to the outlet end, and are connected directly to the following passages (7,8), the slide and the resonance-piece (14).

Description

The invention relates to a wind instrument with or several valves, one tuning slide, with its one Ends in a valve and with the other end at Mouth tube is attached to the inlet opening Mouthpiece is attached, with a bell and with one or more valve trains and with several valves with passages between the valves that are manually over Printing units have actuatable locks.

Wind instruments of the type mentioned, such as trumpets, trombones and horns, are known in a wide variety of designs. Examples include the AIDA trumpet for single-valve versions, the trombone for two-valve versions, the group of trumpets, the B and ES trumpets, the concert trumpet, the cornet trumpet and the valve horns. The types and designs are described in detail in various specialist books. An example is the reference book "The Trumpet" by Edward Tarr, published by Schott Verlag, 2 . Edition 1984 , as well as to the "Real Lexicon of Musical Instruments" published by Curt Sachs in 1962 , published in the Georg Olms publishing house, Hildesheim.

All known wind instruments with valves have one Mouthpiece, a conical leadpipe and a cylindrical one Tuning slide or a transition tube with a certain Inside diameter, the outlet opening in the Valve inlet opening opens.

All wind instruments are special Importance that the air flow through the pipes of the Wind instrument up to the horn if possible is passed through without vortex formation. Both known wind instruments of the generic type,  especially if the leadpipe is a transition pipe or a tuning slide that is slidable on pipe pieces of the Mouth tube and the inlet tube of the valve arranged is, are attached, are at the transitions through the Gradation from one pipe cross-section to another Vortex formation given. On the other hand, with horns, e.g. B. with the Prince Pleßschen and Parforce Horn or also known for fanfares, the leadpipe and all others subsequent trains from the inlet of the Mouth tube up to the bell horn continuously to let rise, which makes an almost vortex-free Drafts inside the wind instrument tubes is guaranteed and thus sound distortion as far as possible can be avoided by vortex formation.

The invention is based, which aerodynamic advantages given with horns are also on wind instruments with valves too achieve a higher sound quality even with to achieve valve-operated wind instruments, wherein in various design levels improvements to the Sound quality should be achieved.

The invention solves the problem in that independent claims 1, 4, 6 and 9 specified technical teachings, each of the specified therein Embodiments for substantially improving the Air flow conditions while avoiding Air vortex formation is used.

Advantageous developments of the invention are in the Subclaims specified in detail.

Surprisingly, it has been found that Use of wood instead of fret metal for individuals Trains, leadpipe or bell individual timbres are achievable. Accordingly, the invention also sees that Use of wood as an alternative.  

Thus, according to the teaching of claim 1 Vortex formation of the draft inside the mouth tube the transition point to the transition tube or a tuning slide a trumpet avoided by the teaching of Claim 1 both pipe parts are integrally formed and have a continuous inner surface, so that it No joints or at staggered joints Vortex formation can come. Especially with one sliding tuning slide that forms the transition tube, are at least two such vortex formation sites given the draft in the pipe system of the Noticeably affect the wind instrument, causing the Sound quality changes. In addition, if the at Horns known form of training is applied as they is exemplified in claims 2 and 3, so serves the conical enlargement of the cross section of the Mouth tube and the tuning slide up to the inlet opening the valve to optimize the air flow without Vortex formation.

Because valve wind instruments but also other trains and Valve transitions, it is recommended to use it also the bores of the following pipe sections or the bores of the valve blockages are conical to expand in the direction of the draft, insofar as this is structurally possible. For example, this is for the valve trains in terms of dismantling the same practically only possible in the form that the individual pipe sections have conical bores, strung together a continuous conical hole form. The outside diameter, at least in that Connection area part, but are purely cylindrical, to push the trains onto the connecting pipe parts and to enable the same to be attached thereto. For Attachment are known in the bell and used screw clamp connectors on some trains.  

In the event that the holes in the closures of the Valves are also conical, it is recommendable, also the connecting pipes between the With a multi-valve wind instrument tapered inner tube diameter to practically starting from the mouthpiece over the leadpipe up to the bell and the outlet opening To reach pipe diameter, the conically increasing runs.

In the context of the invention it is also established been that noticeable impairment of the Sound quality through the transition of the mouthpiece in the Leadpipe is given. As is well known, the mouthpiece a tapered shaft that fits into the Leadpipe is used. There is a on the mouthpiece end Heel added to the leadpipe. At this point arises a vortex when blown into the mouthpiece and the sound is formed. This vortex affects the Sound quality of the generated sound is already noticeable. In special embodiment of the invention according to the Claims 9 and 10 is therefore additionally provided that here too the bore in the mouthpiece of the Soul rises slightly and into the bore of the Mouth tube with a smooth inner surface passes without there are joints that create an air vortex can cause blown air.

The attachment of the mouthpiece can be different Way. The easiest is a screw cap with external thread on the mouthpiece shaft, which in one corresponding internal fine thread of the tube engages, the thread lengths are coordinated so that the bore surfaces of the bore in the mouthpiece and merge into the leadpipe. It is also conceivable to use a bayonet lock, one Restriction lock, with the protruding at the mouthpiece  Cones in corresponding oblique or offset Engage locking recesses in the leadpipe.

Such fittings are for example from the Specialist book by O. Richter-R. v. Voss-F. Kozer "components der Feinmechanik ", published by Verlag Technik Berlin 1954, page 138. Restrictions, too Bayonet connections or bayonet lock are called also from the same textbook, page 158 ff. known. Such restriction connections should be used Ensuring a tight fit of the mouthpiece Have wedge surfaces.

The invention is based on the in the Exemplary embodiments shown in drawings explained.

The drawings show:

Fig. 1 opens a trumpet with three valves, a mouth tube and transition tube as a tuning slide, which is designed to be relatively short, and in the first valve, in side view,

Fig. 2, the trumpet shown in Fig. 1 in top view,

Fig. 3 shows a variant of the trumpet shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, wherein the transition tube is arc-shaped, similar to a displaceable tuning slide,

Fig. 4 is a mouthpiece with a screw attachment on the leadpipe and

Fig. 5 shows a mouthpiece with a bayonet lock for attachment to a leadpipe.

In Figs. 1 and 2, an ES trumpet is shown without a mouthpiece. This ES trumpet consists of a leadpipe 1 , an adjoining tuning slide 2 , which ends in an insertion opening of a valve 3 . The tuning slide is relatively short and its end 3 is attached to the valve 4 . The trumpet also has a so-called machine with three valves 4 , 5 and 6 . The valves used are, for example, Perinet valves with spiral printing units with vertical plungers 12 , 13 , 14 with plate-shaped actuating elements. Passages 19 , 20 are provided between the valves with the interlocks which can be actuated via the tappets 12 , 13 , 14 . Furthermore, the first valve 4 has a valve train 7 to which a finger ring for retuning is attached. The train 7 is displaceably fastened to pipes of different lengths, which open into the valve 4 and are fastened thereon. On the second valve 5 , the second train (halftone train) is provided, which is also connected as a pipe part to the outlet and inlet openings of the valve and is incorporated into the air flow by actuating the valve. Furthermore, a whole tone train 8 is provided on the third valve 6 . This train is also attached to the valve 6 via offset pipes on which it is slidably attached. A thumb hook 15 provided thereon also serves for retuning. The outlet of the valve 6 opens into the tube of the bell 10 . This can be provided in a movable manner on a piece of pipe on the valve 6 , so that detuning can be carried out by longitudinal displacement. To secure the sliding piece, a clamping screw 9 is provided, by means of which band clamps are provided on the respective train for clamping the respective piece of pipe. From Fig. 2 it can also be seen that the halftone train 18 is arranged approximately 47 ° inclined to the longitudinal axis of the valve. In order to stabilize the leadpipe on the machine, a support element 21 is provided, as can also be seen in FIG. 2, so that the leadpipe 1 has a high stability. A mouthpiece of known type is inserted into the insertion opening of the mouth tube 1 . The sound generated by the instrument is emitted via the sound funnel 16 .

This trumpet, which is known per se, has a special feature that at least the tuning slide 2 is conical from the mouth pipe end to the valve inlet, so that the inner opening area or the inner diameter of the round pipe in the region of the mouth pipe is smaller than the other End which is attached to the valve 4 and whose inner opening opens into a through hole in the valve housing, behind which the blockages with the corresponding holes of the valve lifter are located. This conical design favors the air flow through the tuning slide. In the event that the tuning slide is still cylindrical, it is necessary that the mouth tube 1 and the tuning slide 2 are formed in one piece to avoid vertebrae formation and have a continuously smooth, uninterrupted inner surface. As a result, the air flow is opposed to a higher frictional resistance than in the conical version. Nevertheless, vortices influencing the sound cannot form due to the continuously smooth inner surface.

In a further embodiment, the through hole in the valve itself can also be conical, so that the advantage of favoring the air flow through the conical widening of the trains can also be transferred thereon. The same applies equally to the passages 19 and 20 between the valves. The passages and the first insertion opening, to which the tuning slide 2 is attached, should also be mounted in the height position so that the air flow can flow freely in the respective open position of the valve without deflection and flow into the pipe of the bell. Only the valve trains (halftone and full tone trains) that are still provided are still cylindrical with a continuous conical structure. This cylindrical design is necessary to enable the valve cables to be moved. However, it can also be achieved by appropriate conical design of the inner bores in the pipe sections on which the trains are slidably mounted, the effect or advantage of the conical design with respect to the air flow. In the case of displacement, there is an edge at the end of the guide tube. By suitable dimensioning, however, this transition can be selected so finely that the resulting vortices do not noticeably influence the tone. In addition, when the train is fully pushed on, a stop ensures that the inner surface of the receiving tube and the inner surface of the attached train do not have any concealments against one another, so that no air vortices can arise at this transition point.

The embodiment of a B-trumpet of the same basic construction, as further shown in FIG. 3, as indicated with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2, differs from the embodiment according to FIGS. 1 and 2 only in that the tuning slide 2 is bent over and as a large loop ends at the valve 4 and opens into the valve bore. The entire tuning slide 2 is also conical, so that the advantages that are given in the pipe pull of a horn are also realized here. Furthermore, the leadpipe is correspondingly conical, so that there is a closed inner surface of the bore without impact. To reinforce the leadpipe 1 , a sleeve can also be mounted on it and fastened to it, so that the instrument experiences greater stability and mechanical strength.

Otherwise, the trains are constructed in the same way as in the example given in FIGS. 1 and 2.

As a further special feature, it can be provided in a wind instrument of the type described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 3 that the mouthpiece, designed as a short mouthpiece, can be attached directly to the leadpipe without requiring a long shaft which extends into the leadpipe and strong air vortices can form on the front side.

In Figs. 4 and Fig. 5 are examples of the type of mounting shown a mouthpiece made according to the invention, where, despite the shortness of the mouth piece the same properties as given in a mouthpiece of a conventional type and the mouthpieces for valve trumpets or trombones etc. of each instrument can be adjusted.

In the exemplary embodiment in FIG. 4, a mouthpiece according to the invention and the connection to the mouth pipe 1 are shown in the central section. The mouthpiece 22 consists essentially of the boiler 23 , the edge 33 , a relatively soft shoulder 25 between the boiler and the bore and a core 24 which forms the narrowest point of the bore 28 . This mouthpiece has an external thread in extension to the shoulder 25 , with which it can be screwed into an internal thread of the mouth tube 1 which is adjusted in length. Fine threads are expediently used here, the mouthpiece 22 being fastened to the leadpipe 1 with a few turns. The length of the threaded part is adapted to the length of the internally threaded bore 27 , so that when the windings 26 and 27 are screwed together, the end face of the mouthpiece 22 bears against the annular contact surface in the threaded bore and the bore 28 of the mouthpiece without transition into the bore 29 of the mouthpiece 1 transforms. It is thus possible to enter the air flow into the leadpipe without an offset on the abutting surfaces and thus without forming a vortex.

Another fastening variant is shown schematically in FIG. 5. This is a fastening of the mouthpiece 22 to the mouthpiece by means of a bayonet catch, for which purpose 1 guide slots 32 with a vertical component and as wedge-shaped component 30 as possible are incorporated into the lateral surface of the mouthpiece, into which a fastening pin, which results from the engaging part of the mouthpiece 22 protrudes laterally, engages and is clamped, so that the mouthpiece 22 is fixedly attached to the mouth tube and, with the same design, as shown in FIG. 4, ensures that a transition from the bore 28 of the mouthpiece to the bore 29 occurs without misalignment of the leadpipe 1 is possible, so that here too no air flow vortices can arise and the advantages of the conical widening of the pipe are given which favor the air flow.

Claims (13)

1. A wind instrument with one or more valves, a tuning slide that opens at one end into a valve and is attached at the other end to the leadpipe, to the inlet opening of which a mouthpiece is attached, with a bell and with one or more valve trains and at Several valves with passages between the valves, which have locks which can be actuated manually via printing units, characterized in that the leadpipe ( 1 ) and the tuning slide ( 2 ) are formed in one piece and with a continuous inner surface.
2. Wind instrument according to claim 1, characterized in that the tuning slide ( 2 ) to the valve ( 4 ) is conically rising and has a slightly increasing internal cross section.
3. Wind instrument according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that from the inlet opening of the mouth tube ( 1 ) to the mouth outlet of the tuning slide ( 2 ) at the inlet opening ( 3 ) of the valve ( 4 ), the mouth tube ( 1 ) and the tuning slide ( 2 ) have a continuously increasing conical design and a slightly increasing internal cross-section.
4. Wind instrument with one or more valves, a tuning slide, which ends at one end in a valve and is attached at the other end to the leadpipe, to the inlet opening of which a mouthpiece is attached, with a bell and with one or more valve trains and at several valves with passages between the valves, which have locks which can be actuated manually via printing units, characterized in that the air passages of the locks in the valves ( 4 , 5 , 6 ) have a conical shape, that the cross section at the respective air inlet opening is smaller than at the air outlet opening, and that the connections to the following trains ( 7 , 8 , 18 ) and / or passages ( 19 , 20 ) and / or to the tuning train ( 2 ) and bell ( 14 ) are connected to them with a continuous transition.
5. Wind instrument according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the valve trains ( 7 , 8 , 18 ) are cylindrical in a manner known per se.
6. Wind instrument with one or more valves, a tuning slide that opens at one end into a valve and is attached at the other end to the leadpipe, to the inlet opening of which a mouthpiece is attached, with a bell and with one or more valve trains and at Several valves with passages between the valves, which have locks which can be actuated manually via printing units, characterized in that a fastening tube with a specific outer diameter and a conical inner profile also forms part of the air outlet opening of the valve ( 6 ) to which the bell ( 10 ) is connected inside diameter increasing in the air flow direction is provided.
7. Wind instrument according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the bell ( 10 ) is arranged to be longitudinally displaceable on a pipe attached to the valve outlet and that for tuning the instrument the bell ( 10 ) is then slidable and fixable by means of fastening elements ( 9 ).
8. Wind instrument according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the mouth tube ( 1 ) is surrounded by a sleeve with a defined outer diameter.
9. Wind instrument with one or more valves, a tuning slide, which ends at one end in a valve and is attached at the other end to the leadpipe, to the inlet opening of which a mouthpiece is attached, with a bell and with one or more valve trains and at A plurality of valves with passages between the valves, which have locks which can be actuated manually via printing units, characterized in that the mouthpiece ( 22 ) has no shaft and is fastened to the leadpipe ( 1 ), the narrowest point in the bore (core) ( 24 ) passes directly into the bore ( 29 ) of the leadpipe ( 1 ) and there is a continuous shaft bore ( 28 , 29 ) with a smooth inner surface.
10. Wind instrument according to claim 9, characterized in that an internal or external thread ( 27 ) for a direct screw connection or elements ( 30 , 32 ) of a one-way connection (bayonet lock) are provided on the mouth pipe ( 1 ), and that on the mouthpiece ( 22 ) so that couplable counter-connecting elements ( 26 , 31 ) are provided.
11. Wind instrument according to one of claims 1 to 3, 4, 6 or 9, characterized in that the leadpipe ( 4 ) and / or the tuning slide ( 2 ) are made of metal or wood.
12. Wind instrument according to one of claims 1, 4, 6 or 9, characterized in that the bell ( 10 ) is made of metal or wood.
13. Wind instrument according to one of claims 1, 4, 6 or 9, characterized in that the trains following the first valve ( 7 , 8 , 18 ) and / or passages ( 19 , 20 ) are made of metal or wood.
DE19944425083 1994-07-15 1994-07-15 Bb trumpet Expired - Fee Related DE4425083C2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19944425083 DE4425083C2 (en) 1994-07-15 1994-07-15 Bb trumpet

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19944425083 DE4425083C2 (en) 1994-07-15 1994-07-15 Bb trumpet

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE4425083A1 true DE4425083A1 (en) 1996-01-18
DE4425083C2 DE4425083C2 (en) 1997-02-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE19944425083 Expired - Fee Related DE4425083C2 (en) 1994-07-15 1994-07-15 Bb trumpet

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DE (1) DE4425083C2 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19709825A1 (en) * 1996-09-19 1998-03-26 Peter Heubeck Scale depth and intonation improvement device for German system clarinet
DE102004023520A1 (en) * 2004-05-10 2005-12-08 Romeo Adaci Modified mouthpiece for trumpet has bell-shaped end for embouchure leading to gently-tapering passage of spiral-twisted polygonal cross-section
EP1783741A1 (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-05-09 François-Xavier Bourin Perfected assembling structure for two parts of a wind instrument

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3656C (en) *
AT35733B (en) * 1907-02-06 1909-01-11 Josef Koehler Trumpet.
FR397865A (en) * 1908-03-09 1909-05-19 Anatole Dumaine Improvements to mouthpieces of musical instruments
US1438363A (en) * 1921-09-12 1922-12-12 Ernst A Couturier Wind instrument
US3474698A (en) * 1968-02-07 1969-10-28 Nippon Musical Instruments Mfg Mouthpiece receiver for brass musical instruments
DE1772973A1 (en) * 1968-07-29 1971-07-08 Nippon Musical Instruments Mfg Brass instrument, in particular valve trumpet

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3656C (en) *
AT35733B (en) * 1907-02-06 1909-01-11 Josef Koehler Trumpet.
FR397865A (en) * 1908-03-09 1909-05-19 Anatole Dumaine Improvements to mouthpieces of musical instruments
US1438363A (en) * 1921-09-12 1922-12-12 Ernst A Couturier Wind instrument
US3474698A (en) * 1968-02-07 1969-10-28 Nippon Musical Instruments Mfg Mouthpiece receiver for brass musical instruments
DE1772973A1 (en) * 1968-07-29 1971-07-08 Nippon Musical Instruments Mfg Brass instrument, in particular valve trumpet
DE1772973B2 (en) * 1968-07-29 1979-06-28 Nippon Gakki Seizo K.K., Hamamatsu, Shizuoka (Japan)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19709825A1 (en) * 1996-09-19 1998-03-26 Peter Heubeck Scale depth and intonation improvement device for German system clarinet
DE102004023520A1 (en) * 2004-05-10 2005-12-08 Romeo Adaci Modified mouthpiece for trumpet has bell-shaped end for embouchure leading to gently-tapering passage of spiral-twisted polygonal cross-section
DE102004023520B4 (en) * 2004-05-10 2006-11-09 Romeo Adaci aerophon
EP1783741A1 (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-05-09 François-Xavier Bourin Perfected assembling structure for two parts of a wind instrument
FR2893175A1 (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-05-11 Francois Xavier Bourin Improved assembly system of two parts of a wind music instrument

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE4425083C2 (en) 1997-02-27

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