DE4342735A1 - Hybrid drive arrangement for vehicle - Google Patents

Hybrid drive arrangement for vehicle

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Publication number
DE4342735A1
DE4342735A1 DE19934342735 DE4342735A DE4342735A1 DE 4342735 A1 DE4342735 A1 DE 4342735A1 DE 19934342735 DE19934342735 DE 19934342735 DE 4342735 A DE4342735 A DE 4342735A DE 4342735 A1 DE4342735 A1 DE 4342735A1
Authority
DE
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
motor
drive
engine
gearbox
directions
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE19934342735
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Bernd-Robert Prof Dr Hoehn
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HOEHN, BERND-ROBERT, PROF. DR.-ING., 80803 MUENCHE
Original Assignee
HOEHN BERND ROBERT PROF DR
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS, IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/36Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS, IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/38Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the driveline clutches
    • B60K6/387Actuated clutches, i.e. clutches engaged or disengaged by electric, hydraulic or mechanical actuating means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS, IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/42Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by the architecture of the hybrid electric vehicle
    • B60K6/48Parallel type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS, IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/50Architecture of the driveline characterised by arrangement or kind of transmission units
    • B60K6/54Transmission for changing ratio
    • B60K6/543Transmission for changing ratio the transmission being a continuously variable transmission
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/02Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using engine-driven generators
    • B60L11/14Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using engine-driven generators with provision for direct mechanical propulsion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L15/00Methods, circuits, or devices for controlling the traction-motor speed of electrically-propelled vehicles
    • B60L15/20Methods, circuits, or devices for controlling the traction-motor speed of electrically-propelled vehicles for control of the vehicle or its driving motor to achieve a desired performance, e.g. speed, torque, programmed variation of speed
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H37/00Combinations of mechanical gearings, not hereinbefore provided for
    • F16H37/02Combinations of mechanical gearings, not hereinbefore provided for comprising essentially only toothed or friction gearings
    • F16H37/021Combinations of mechanical gearings, not hereinbefore provided for comprising essentially only toothed or friction gearings toothed gearing combined with continuous variable friction gearing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W30/00Purposes of road vehicle drive control systems not related to the control of a particular sub-unit, e.g. of systems using conjoint control of vehicle sub-units, or advanced driver assistance systems for ensuring comfort, stability and safety or drive control systems for propelling or retarding the vehicle
    • B60W30/18Propelling the vehicle
    • B60W30/18009Propelling the vehicle related to particular drive situations
    • B60W30/18036Reversing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H37/00Combinations of mechanical gearings, not hereinbefore provided for
    • F16H37/02Combinations of mechanical gearings, not hereinbefore provided for comprising essentially only toothed or friction gearings
    • F16H37/021Combinations of mechanical gearings, not hereinbefore provided for comprising essentially only toothed or friction gearings toothed gearing combined with continuous variable friction gearing
    • F16H2037/025CVT's in which the ratio coverage is used more than once to produce the overall transmission ratio coverage, e.g. by shift to end of range, then change ratio in sub-transmission and shift CVT through range once again
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/62Hybrid vehicles
    • Y02T10/6213Hybrid vehicles using ICE and electric energy storage, i.e. battery, capacitor
    • Y02T10/6221Hybrid vehicles using ICE and electric energy storage, i.e. battery, capacitor of the parallel type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility
    • Y02T10/7258Optimisation of vehicle performance
    • Y02T10/7275Desired performance achievement

Abstract

A hybrid drive uses an IC engine (10) and an electric motor (12), both of which are coupled to a common gearbox (14). The motor can run in both directions, and is used as the only power source for reversing. It is designed for four-quadrant operation with positive motor torque in both drive directions. It is in parallel with the IC engine, the engine being connected to the drive train by a separating clutch (46). A second clutch (s2, k1) is provided in the gearbox to disconnect both motor and engine from the drive. The gearbox has a spread of greater than 10, preferably 15 to 30, and the motor has an output of between 5% and 30% that of the engine.

Description

Die Erfindung betrifft eine Hybrid-Antriebsanordnung für ein Kraftfahrzeug mit einem Verbrennungsmotor als erste Antriebsquelle und einem Elektro motor als zweite Antriebsquelle, gemäß dem Oberbegriff des Patentanspru ches 1. The invention relates to a hybrid drive assembly for a motor vehicle with an internal combustion engine as a first drive source and an electric motor as a second drive source, according to the preamble of Patentanspru ches. 1

Eine gattungsgemäße Hybrid-Antriebsanordnung zeigt beispielsweise die DE 32 46 230 A1, bei der ein Verbrennungsmotor und ein Elektromotor auf ein herkömmliches Geschwindigkeits-Wechselgetriebe wirken, wobei der Elektromotor über ein Planetengetriebe angeschlossen ist, welches in Ab hängigkeit vom Kraftfluß unterschiedliche Übersetzungen erzeugt. A generic hybrid drive system shown for example in DE 32 46 230 A1, in which an internal combustion engine and an electric motor acting on a conventional speed change transmission, wherein the electric motor is connected via a planetary gear, which dependence generates different translations in from the force flux.

Aufgabe der Erfindung ist es, eine gattungsgemäße Antriebsanordnung vor zuschlagen, die baulich besonders einfach und kompakt ist und günstige Übersetzungsverhältnisse ermöglicht. The object of the invention is to provide a generic drive arrangement before strike, which is structurally very simple and compact and allows favorable ratios.

Diese Aufgabe wird erfindungsgemäß mit den Merkmalen des Patentanspru ches 1 gelöst. This object is achieved with the features of Patentanspru ches. 1 Vorteilhafte Weiterbildungen der Erfindung sind den weiteren Patentansprüchen entnehmbar. Advantageous developments of the invention are specified in the further claims.

Erfindungsgemäß wird vorgeschlagen, den Elektromotor - bevorzugt im 4- Quadranten-Betrieb - in beiden Drehrichtungen betreibbar auszulegen und diesen als alleinige Antriebsquelle im Rückwärtsfahrbetrieb einzusetzen. According to the invention, the electric motor - preferably in the 4 quadrant operation - operable to be interpreted in both rotational directions and to use these as the sole driving source in the reverse drive mode. Dadurch kann im Geschwindigkeits-Wechselgetriebe die Rückwärtsgangstu fe entfallen, wodurch neben dem Entfall der ansonsten erforderlichen Zahn räder, Lager, Schaltungsteile etc. Bauraum gewonnen wird, der getriebe technisch und/oder zur Verringerung der Einbaumaße der Antriebsanord nung nutzbar ist. Thereby, the Rückwärtsgangstu fe can be omitted in the speed change transmission, whereby in addition to the elimination of the otherwise necessary gears, bearings, circuit parts, etc. installation space is obtained which is gear-technically and / or to reduce the installation dimensions of the Antriebsanord voltage usable.

Der Patentanspruch 3 beschreibt eine bevorzugte Anordnung von Verbren nungsmotor und Elektromotor, wobei durch das vorgegebene Übersetzungs verhältnis über den E-Motor ein ausreichend hohes Anfahrmoment sowohl Vorwärts als auch Rückwärts erzielbar ist, andererseits aber der Elektromo tor bei Höchstdrehzahl des Verbrennungsmotors nicht überdreht wird. The claim 3 discloses planning engine and electric motor, a preferred arrangement of Burn, being obtainable by the predetermined translation ratio on the electric motor, a sufficiently high starting torque in both forward and backward, but on the other hand Elektromo tor not is rotating at maximum speed of the internal combustion engine. In Verbindung mit diesem Übersetzungsverhältnis wird ferner vorgeschlagen, die Gesamtspreizung des Wechselgetriebes <10, insbes. 15-50, auszulegen, mit einer Leistung des Elektromotors von 5-30% der des Verbrennungsmotors. In connection with this gear ratio is also proposed, the overall spreading of the transmission of <10, especially. 15-50, interpreted, of an output of the electric motor of 5-30% of the combustion engine.

Besonders vorteilhaft für eine derartige Auslegung ist ein stufenloses Wech selgetriebe nach Anspruch 6, bei dem das Wandlerübersetzungsverhältnis in Verbindung mit entsprechend ausgelegten Vorgelegestufen im Kraftfluß umsteuerbar und somit mehrfach durchfahrbar bzw. nutzbar ist (vgl. z. B. EP 210 053 A2). Particularly advantageous for such an interpretation is selge gear according to claim 6, wherein the transformation ratio in connection with correspondingly designed counter stages in the power flow is reversible, and thus more times by mobile or used a continuously variable Wech (see. Eg., EP 210 053 A2).

Eine insbesondere für Quereinbau in Kraftfahrzeugen besonders geeignete und im Wirkungsgrad besonders günstige Antriebsanordnung bezeichnen die Ansprüche 7 und 8, die bei relativ geringem schaltungstechnischen Auf wand an Kupplungen und Getriebeelementen eine weite Spreizung bei bau lich kompakter Anordnung ermöglichen. A particularly suitable especially for transverse mounting in motor vehicles and particularly favorable in the efficiency drive arrangement denote the claims 7 and 8, the wall at a relatively low circuit on at clutches and gear elements allow a wide spread in construction far more compact arrangement.

Ein Ausführungsbeispiel der Erfindung ist im folgenden mit weiteren Einzel heiten näher erläutert. An embodiment of the invention is explained below with further units single detail. Die Zeichnung zeigt in The drawing shows in

Fig. 1 Als Blockschaltbild eine Hybrid-Antriebsanordnung mit Verbren nungsmotor, Elektromotor und stufenlosem Umschlingungsgetriebe, und Fig. 1 is a block diagram of a hybrid drive assembly motor voltage with Burn, electric motor and stepless variable transmission, and

Fig. 2 Einen Querschnitt der Antriebsanordnung mit Darstellung der tat sächlichen Lage der Antriebs- und Getriebewellen. Fig. 2 shows a cross section of the drive assembly showing the tat outlying location of the drive and transmission shafts.

In der Fig. 1 ist mit 10 ein Verbrennungsmotor, beispielsweise ein Diesel- Hubkolbenmotor, als erste Antriebsquelle und mit 12 ein Elektromotor als zweite Antriebsquelle der Hybrid-Antriebsanordnung bezeichnet. In Fig. 1, 10, an internal combustion engine, for example, a diesel reciprocating engine, referred to as a first drive source and an electric motor 12 as a second drive source of the hybrid drive assembly. Die beiden Antriebsquellen 10 , 12 wirken auf ein Geschwindigkeits-Wechselgetriebe 14 . The two drive sources 10, 12 act on a speed change transmission fourteenth

Das Geschwindigkeits-Wechselgetriebe 14 setzt sich zusammen aus einem Kegelscheiben-Umschlingungstrieb 16 , mehreren Zahnrad-Übersetzungs stufen i₁, i₂, i₃ und einer Übersetzungsstufe i zum Antrieb des integrierten Differentiales 18 . The speed change transmission 14 is composed of a cone belt drive wheel 16, a plurality of gear stages translation i₁, i₂, i₃, and a gear ratio i for driving the integrated differential 18th

Die Eingangswelle 20 des Wechselgetriebes 14 ist über eine formschlüssige Schaltkupplung S₂ mit einer koaxialen Triebwelle 22 kuppelbar, wobei die Triebwelle 22 ein Zahnrad 24 der Zahnradstufe i₃ und den Kegel scheibensatz 26 des Umschlingungstriebes 16 trägt. The input shaft 20 of the transmission 14 is coupled via a positive clutch S₂ with a coaxial drive shaft 22, the drive shaft 22 i₃ a gear 24 of the gear stage and the conical disc set 26 of the belt drive 16 carries.

Das mit dem Zahnrad 24 kämmende Zahnrad 28 der Zahnrad-Überset zungsstufe i₃ sitzt als Losrad koaxial mit einer Hohlwelle 36 auf einer Vorgelegewelle 30 , die einenends über eine hydraulisch betätigtbare Lamellenkupplung K₁ mit einem Zahnrad 32 der Zahnradstufe i₁ kuppelbar ist und andernends fest mit einem Zahnrad 34 der Übersetzungsstufe i₂ verbunden ist. The meshing with the gear 24 gear 28 of the gear-gear ratio, level i₃ sits as a loose wheel coaxially to a hollow shaft 36 on a countershaft 30, which at one end i₁ via a hydraulically betätigtbare disk clutch K₁ with a gear 32 of the gear stage can be coupled and at the other firmly with a toothed wheel 34 of the translation stage is connected i₂.

Auf der Vorgelegewelle 30 ist die Hohlwelle 36 drehbar gelagert, die über eine Lamellenkupplung K₂ mit der Vorgelegewelle 30 trieblich verbindbar ist und die ferner eine formschlüssige Schaltkupplung S₁ und das Abtriebs zahnrad 37 trägt. On the counter shaft 30, the hollow shaft 36 is rotatably mounted, which is drivingly connectable via a multi-plate clutch K₂ with the countershaft 30 and further comprising a form-fitting clutch S₁ and the power take-off gear 37 bears. Die Schaltkupplung S₁ dient zum Kuppeln des Zahnrades 28 mit dem Abtriebszahnrad 37 , welches als Element der Übersetzungsstufe i mit dem Zahnrad 38 zum Antrieb des Differentiales 18 dient. The clutch S₁ serves to couple the gear 28 with the driven gear 37, which serves as the i element of the gear ratio with the gear 38 for driving the differential 18th

Die zweite Kegelscheibe 42 des Umschlingungstriebes 16 sitzt auf einer Zwischenwelle 40 , die zudem das Zahnrad 44 der Übersetzungsstufe i₂ trägt, welches wiederum in Eingriff mit dem Zahnrad 34 steht ( Fig. 2). The second conical disk 42 of the belt drive 16 is fitted on an intermediate shaft 40 which also carries the gear 44 of the gear ratio i₂, which in turn is engaged with the gear 34 (Fig. 2).

Wie aus Fig. 1 ersichtlich ist, treibt der Verbrennungsmotor 10 unter Zwi schenschaltung einer hydraulisch betätigbaren Trennkupplung 46 die Ein gangswelle 20 des Wechselgetriebes 14 an, während der Elektromotor 12 über die eine Übersetzungsstufe i₄ bildenden Zahnräder 48, 50 unmittelbar auf die Eingangswelle 20 geschaltet ist. As is apparent from Fig. 1, drives the engine 10 under Zvi's circuit of a hydraulically actuated clutch 46, the A input shaft 20 of the gearbox 14, while the electric motor 12 is connected via a gear stage i₄ forming gears 48, 50 directly to the input shaft 20 ,

Wie aus dem Querschnitt der Fig. 2 ersichtlich ist, sind die Kraftabgabewelle (Kurbelwelle) des Verbrennungsmotors 10 und die konzentrische Eingangs welle 20 im wesentlichen zentral angeordnet, während die Welle 52 des Elektromotors 12 , die Zwischenwelle 40 des Umschlingungstriebes 16 , die Vorgelegewelle 30 und schließlich die Abtriebswellen 54 , 56 des Differentia les 18 in Umfangsrichtung versetzt zueinander um die Eingangswelle 20 herum angeordnet sind. As is apparent from the cross section of Fig. 2, the power output shaft (crankshaft) of the engine 10 and the concentric input are wave 20 substantially centrally disposed while the shaft 52 of the electric motor 12, the intermediate shaft 40 of the belt drive 16, the countershaft 30 and finally, the output shafts 54, 56 of the differentia les 18 circumferentially offset from each other about the input shaft 20 are arranged.

Der parallel neben dem Verbrennungsmotor 10 angeordnete Elektromotor 12 ist im 4-Quadranten-Betrieb mit positivem motorischen Drehmoment in beiden Drehrichtungen ausgelegt und in nicht dargestellter Weise so ge schaltet, daß er als alleinige Antriebsquelle im Rückwärtsfahrbetrieb dient; The arranged parallel and adjacent to the engine 10 electric motor 12 is arranged in 4-quadrant operation with a positive motor torque in both directions of rotation and in a manner not shown so-switched, that it serves as the sole driving source in the reverse drive mode; dh, daß mit dem Einschalten des Rückwärtsfahrbetriebes durch die Bedie nungsperson des Kraftfahrzeuges automatisch die Trennkupplung 46 gelöst und ggf. der Verbrennungsmotor 10 stillgesetzt wird. that is, if appropriate, the internal combustion engine 10 is stopped automatically by the Bedie that voltage person of the vehicle achieved by the switching on of the reverse operation of the disconnect clutch 46 and.

Gleiches gilt beim Anfahren und im niedrigen Geschwindigkeitsbereich des Kraftfahrzeuges, z. The same applies when starting and at low speeds of the motor vehicle, eg. B. im innerstädtischen Verkehr, wenn allein mit dem Elektromotor 12 gefahren werden soll. As in urban traffic, when to be driven solely by the electric motor 12th Dabei beträgt das Übersetzungsver hältnis i₄ 3, wodurch der Elektromotor 12 mit dem Faktor 3 schneller dreht, als der Verbrennungsmotor 10 . Here, the ratio is Übersetzungsver i₄ 3, whereby the electric motor 12 rotates faster by a factor of 3, than the internal combustion engine 10 degrees. Die Auslegung des Elektromotors 12 ist ferner so, daß dessen Nennleistung 15% der Nennleistung des Verbrennungsmotors 10 beträgt. The design of the electric motor 12 is further such that its rated output is 15% of the rated power of the engine 10 degrees.

Der Momentenfluß im Wechselgetriebe 14 ist abhängig von der Steuerung bzw. Schaltung der Kupplungen S₁, S₂, K₁, K₂, wie folgt: The torque flow in the change gear 14 is dependent on the control or switching of the clutches S₁, S₂, K₁, K₂, as follows:

Im Anfahrbereich treiben Elektromotor 12 und/oder Verbrennungsmotor 10 über die Übersetzungsstufe i₁ auf die Vorgelegewelle 30 , von dieser über i₂ auf die Kegelscheibe 42 , dann über die Kette 58 mit stufenlos veränderba rem Übersetzungsverhältnis i w auf die Triebwelle 22 und von dieser schließ lich über 3 und i auf das Differential 18 . In the starting electric motor drive 12 and / or the internal combustion engine 10 via the transmission stage i₁ on the countershaft 30, from there via i₂ to the conical disc 42, then via the chain 58 with infinitely veränderba rem ratio i w on the drive shaft 22 and from this closing Lich via 3 and i to the differential 18th Dabei sind die Kupplungen S₁ und K₁ geschlossen und die Kupplungen S₂ und K₂ geöffnet. The couplings S₁ and K₁ are closed and the couplings S₂ and K₂.

Bei höchster Übersetzung i w ins Schnelle des Umschlingungstriebes 16 wird das als i² ausgelegte Wechselgetriebe 14 (die Zahnrad-Übersetzungsstufen i₁ und i₂ sowie i w sind so ausgelegt, daß bei dieser Übersetzungsstellung die Triebwelle 22 und die Eingangswelle 20 im wesentlichen synchron lau fen, vgl. die eingangs genannte EP 210 053 A2) durch entsprechende An steuerung der Kupplungen umgeschaltet; At the highest ratio i w to the velocity of the belt drive 16, the designed as i² change gear 14 is (i₁ the gear ratio steps and i₂, and i w are designed so that in this transmission position, the drive shaft 22 and the input shaft 20 substantially in synchronism lau fen, cf. ., EP aforementioned switched 210,053 A2) corresponding to control by the couplings; dh, K₂ und S₂ werden geschlos sen und K₁ und S₁ geöffnet. ie, K₂ and S₂ are CLOSED sen and K₁ and S₁ opened.

Nunmehr geht der Momentenfluß über die Eingangswelle 20 und die Trieb welle 22 , in entgegengesetzter Momentenrichtung über die Kette 58 des Umschlingungstriebes 16 , die Übersetzungsstufe i₂ und über die Hohlwelle 36 zu i, wobei wiederum stufenlos der Wandlerbereich i w des Umschlin gungstriebes 16 durchfahrbar ist. Now is the torque flow through the input shaft 20 and the drive shaft 22 in the opposite torque direction via the chain 58 of the belt drive 16, i₂, the gear stage and via the hollow shaft 36 to i, again continuously the transducer region i w of the Umschlin supply drive is by mobile sixteenth Aufgrund der gewählten Übersetzungen in und der doppelt durchfahrbaren Wandlerübersetzung i w ist eine Ge samtspreizung des Wechselgetriebes 14 von Vierundzwanzig verwirklicht. Due to the selected translations to and the duplicate mobile transformer ratio i w a Ge samtspreizung of the transmission 14 of Twenty-four realized. Dies ermöglicht es, mit dem Elektromotor 12 mit einer Leistung von z. This makes it possible, with the electric motor 12 with an output of z. B. 8 KW auch an Steigungen mit ausreichendem Anfahrmoment und Beschleunigungen anzufahren und annehmbare Leistungen im Stadtverkehr bereitzustellen. B. 8 KW to approach even on inclines with sufficient starting torque and accelerations, and provide acceptable performance in urban traffic. Bei hohen Geschwindigkeiten wird der Verbrennungsmotor 10 zugeschaltet, wobei je nach Ladezustand der Batterien (nicht dargestellt) der Elektromotor 12 in Leerlauf oder als Generator geschaltet sein kann. At high speeds, the internal combustion engine is switched 10, wherein depending on the charge state of the batteries (not shown) of the electric motor may be switched into idle or a generator 12th

Die Steuerung des Wechselgetriebes 14 (Kupplungen, Kegelscheibenver stellung, etc.) kann in an sich bekannter Weise hydraulisch erfolgen und ist hier nicht näher erläutert. The control of the transmission 14 (clutches, cone Scheib Enver position, etc.) can be carried out in manner known per se is hydraulically and not explained in detail here. Gleiches gilt für die elektronische Steuerung des Getriebes 14 , sowie für die Leistungssteuerung des Elektromotors 12 und des Verbrennungsmotors 10 . The same is true for the electronic control of the transmission 14, and for power control of the electric motor 12 and the engine 10 degrees.

Claims (8)

  1. 1. Hybrid-Antriebsanordnung für ein Kraftfahrzeug mit einem Verbren nungsmotor als erste Antriebsquelle und einem Elektromotor als zweite Antriebsquelle, welche Antriebsquellen auf ein gemeinsames Geschwin digkeits-Wechselgetriebe wirken, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Elektromotor ( 12 ) in beiden Drehrichtungen betreibbar ist und für den Rückwärtsfahrbetrieb als alleinige Antriebsquelle dient. 1. hybrid drive assembly for a motor vehicle having a Burn voltage motor as the first drive source and an electric motor as a second drive source, which act drive sources on a common Geschwin digkeits-change transmission, characterized in that the electric motor (12) is operable in both directions of rotation and for the reverse drive mode as the sole driving source is used.
  2. 2. Antriebsanordnung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Elektromotor ( 12 ) im 4-Quadranten-Betrieb mit positivem motorischen Drehmoment in beiden Drehrichtungen ausgelegt ist. 2. A drive arrangement according to claim 1, characterized in that the electric motor (12) is arranged in 4-quadrant operation with a positive motor torque in both directions of rotation.
  3. 3. Antriebsanordnung nach den Ansprüchen 1 und 2, dadurch gekenn zeichnet, daß 3. A drive arrangement according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that
    • - der Verbrennungsmotor ( 10 ) und der Elektromotor ( 12 ) parallel nebeneinander angeordnet sind und - the internal combustion engine (10) and the electric motor (12) are arranged parallel to each other and
    • - der Verbrennungsmotor ( 10 ) direkt über eine Trennkupplung ( 46 ) und - the internal combustion engine (10) directly via a separating clutch (46) and
    • - der Elektromotor ( 12 ) über eine Übersetzungsstufe i₄ auf das Wech selgetriebe ( 14 ) wirken. - the electric motor (12) via a gear ratio i₄ of the Wech selge gear (14) act.
  4. 4. Antriebsanordnung nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Übersetzungsstufe i₄ zumindest eine weitere Kupplung (S₂, K₁) nachge schaltet ist, mittels der der Verbrennungsmotor ( 10 ) und der Elektromotor ( 12 ) vom Wechselgetriebe ( 14 ) trennbar sind. 4. A drive arrangement according to claim 3, characterized in that the gear ratio i₄ at least one further clutch (S₂, K₁) nachge is switched by means of the internal combustion engine (10) and the electric motor (12) of the gearbox (14) are separable.
  5. 5. Antriebsanordnung nach einem oder mehreren der vorhergehenden An sprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Wechselgetriebe ( 14 ) eine Spreizung von <10, insbes. 15-50, und der Elektromotor ( 12 ) eine Leistung von 5-30% der Leistung des Verbrennungsmotors ( 10 ) aufweist. 5. A drive arrangement according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that the change gear (14) a spread of <10, especially. 15-50, and the electric motor (12) a power output of 5-30% of the power of the engine (10).
  6. 6. Antriebsanordnung nach Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Wechselgetriebe ( 14 ) durch mehrere Zahnrad-Übersetzungsstufen in und einen stufenlosen Umschlingungstrieb ( 16 ) gebildet ist, wobei der Umschlingungstrieb ( 16 ) zumindest zweifach durchfahrbar ist (i²-Getrie be), wobei im ersten Vorwärtsbereich die Kupplungen K₁ und S₁ geschlossen sind und Drehmoment übertragen und im zweiten Vorwärtsbereich die Kupplungen K₂ und S₂. 6. A drive arrangement according to claim 5, characterized in that the change gear (14) is formed by a plurality of gear ratio steps in and a continuously variable belt drive (16), wherein the belt drive (16) is at least twice by mobile (i² Getrie be), wherein in the first forward range, the clutches K₁ and S₁ are closed and transmit torque and in the second forward range, the clutches K₂ and S₂.
  7. 7. Antriebsanordnung nach den Ansprüchen 5 und 6, gekennzeichnet durch folgende Struktur des Wechselgetriebes ( 14 ): 7. A drive arrangement according to claims 5 and 6, characterized by the following structure of the transmission (14):
    • - eine Eingangswelle ( 20 ), auf die einerseits der Verbrennungsmotor ( 10 ) und der Elektromotor ( 12 ) wirken; - an input shaft (20) on which act the one hand, the internal combustion engine (10) and the electric motor (12);
    • - eine konzentrisch zur Eingangswelle ( 20 ) liegende und mit dieser kuppelbaren Triebwelle ( 22 ), die die eine Kegelscheibe ( 26 ) des Umschlingungstriebes ( 16 ) trägt; - a concentrically with the input shaft (20) lying with this detachable drive shaft (22) carrying a conical disk (26) of the wraparound (16);
    • - eine Vorgelegewelle ( 30 ) die einerseits mit der Eingangswelle ( 20 ) und andererseits mit der zweiten Kegelscheibe ( 42 ) des Umschlingungstriebes ( 16 ) trieblich verbunden ist; - a countershaft (30) is on the one hand to the input shaft (20) and on the other hand with the second conical disk (42) of the wraparound (16) drivingly connected;
    • - eine Zwischenwelle ( 40 ), die die zweite Kegelscheibe ( 42 ) des Um schlingungstriebes ( 16 ) aufnimmt; - an intermediate shaft (40) of receiving the second conical disk (42) To schlingungstriebes (16); und and
    • - eine Abtriebswelle, die als Hohlwelle ( 36 ) auf der Vorgelegewelle ( 30 ) gelagert ist und die das Abtriebszahnrad ( 37 ) und zwei Kupplungen (S₁, K₂) zum Umschalten der Momentenrichtung des Umschlingungstriebes ( 16 ) aufweist. - an output shaft as a hollow shaft (36) on the countershaft (30) is mounted and which has the output gear (37) and two clutches (S₁, K₂) for switching the torque direction of the wraparound (16).
  8. 8. Antriebsanordnung nach den Ansprüchen 5-7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß im Querschnitt gesehen die Kraftabgabewelle des Verbrennungsmo tors ( 10 ) und die konzentrisch dazu liegende Eingangswelle ( 20 ) des Wechselgetriebes ( 14 ) im wesentlichen zentral angeordnet liegen und daß die übrigen Wellen ( 40 , 30 , 54 , 56 , 52 ) des Elektromotors ( 12 ), der zweiten Kegelscheibe ( 42 ), der Vorgelegewelle ( 30 ) und des Differentia les ( 18 ) in Umfangsrichtung versetzt zueinander um die Eingangswelle ( 20 ) angeordnet sind. 8. A drive arrangement according to claims 5-7, characterized in that seen in cross-section, the output shaft of the Verbrennungsmo gate (10) and the lying concentric to the input shaft (20) of the gearbox (14) are arranged substantially centrally and in that the other shafts ( 40, 30, 54, 56, 52) of the electric motor (12), the second conical disk (42), the countershaft (30) and said differentia les (18) circumferentially offset from each other about the input shaft (20) are arranged.
DE19934342735 1993-12-15 1993-12-15 Hybrid drive arrangement for vehicle Withdrawn DE4342735A1 (en)

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EP0791495A2 (en) * 1996-02-21 1997-08-27 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Hybrid drive system wherein planetary gear mechanism is disposed radially inwardly of stator coil of motor/generator
WO2000059750A1 (en) * 1999-04-06 2000-10-12 Hoehn Bernd Robert Drive assembly
FR2799417A1 (en) * 1999-10-08 2001-04-13 Toyota Motor Co Ltd Vehicle traction control system having separate power sources for front and rear wheels controlled according to static and dynamic state
GB2358006A (en) * 2000-01-07 2001-07-11 Ford Global Tech Inc Powertrain configuration for a hybrid electric vehicle
FR2805221A1 (en) * 2000-02-18 2001-08-24 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Transmission system for a hybrid vehicle, has a system of principal and secondary engine and reception shafts in a quadrilateral configuration
EP1130740A2 (en) * 2000-03-02 2001-09-05 Hitachi, Ltd. Hybrid electric vehicle with a permanent magnetic type dynamo-electric machine
US6291953B1 (en) 1998-10-27 2001-09-18 Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research Organization Electrical drive system
EP1097831A3 (en) * 1999-11-05 2001-10-31 General Motors Corporation Hybrid powertrain with an integrated motor/generator
EP1000789A3 (en) * 1998-11-10 2002-01-30 Robert Bosch Gmbh Drive for motor vehicle
DE19631236C2 (en) * 1995-08-23 2003-03-20 Luk Gs Verwaltungs Kg Transmission unit and methods of using a transmission unit
FR2830066A1 (en) * 2001-09-26 2003-03-28 Luk Lamellen & Kupplungsbau Drive device
US6603215B2 (en) * 2001-05-24 2003-08-05 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Hybrid electric vehicle control strategy while traveling in reverse
EP1306256A3 (en) * 2001-10-17 2006-07-05 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Hybrid vehicle power transmission
WO2012083916A1 (en) * 2010-12-23 2012-06-28 Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG Drive train
US20120234134A1 (en) * 2011-03-17 2012-09-20 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Power transmission apparatus for hybrid vehicle
CN103796887A (en) * 2011-09-14 2014-05-14 本田技研工业株式会社 Drive control means
US8733209B2 (en) 2007-02-26 2014-05-27 Ulrich Rohs Drive arrangement with an infinitely variable sub-gear box

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DE19631236C2 (en) * 1995-08-23 2003-03-20 Luk Gs Verwaltungs Kg Transmission unit and methods of using a transmission unit
DE19631243C2 (en) * 1995-08-23 2003-05-15 Luk Gs Verwaltungs Kg gear unit
DE19631294C2 (en) * 1995-08-23 2003-03-20 Luk Gs Verwaltungs Kg gear unit
EP0791495A3 (en) * 1996-02-21 1999-07-28 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Hybrid drive system wherein planetary gear mechanism is disposed radially inwardly of stator coil of motor/generator
EP1125780A3 (en) * 1996-02-21 2005-10-26 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Compact hybrid drive system for a motor vehicle
US6155364A (en) * 1996-02-21 2000-12-05 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Hybrid drive system wherein planetary gear mechanism is disposed radially inwardly of stator coil of motor/generator
EP0791495A2 (en) * 1996-02-21 1997-08-27 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Hybrid drive system wherein planetary gear mechanism is disposed radially inwardly of stator coil of motor/generator
US6291953B1 (en) 1998-10-27 2001-09-18 Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research Organization Electrical drive system
EP1000789A3 (en) * 1998-11-10 2002-01-30 Robert Bosch Gmbh Drive for motor vehicle
WO2000059750A1 (en) * 1999-04-06 2000-10-12 Hoehn Bernd Robert Drive assembly
US6491602B1 (en) 1999-04-06 2002-12-10 Hoehn Bernd-Robert Drive assembly
FR2799417A1 (en) * 1999-10-08 2001-04-13 Toyota Motor Co Ltd Vehicle traction control system having separate power sources for front and rear wheels controlled according to static and dynamic state
EP1097831A3 (en) * 1999-11-05 2001-10-31 General Motors Corporation Hybrid powertrain with an integrated motor/generator
GB2358006A (en) * 2000-01-07 2001-07-11 Ford Global Tech Inc Powertrain configuration for a hybrid electric vehicle
FR2805221A1 (en) * 2000-02-18 2001-08-24 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Transmission system for a hybrid vehicle, has a system of principal and secondary engine and reception shafts in a quadrilateral configuration
EP1130740A3 (en) * 2000-03-02 2002-10-02 Hitachi, Ltd. Hybrid electric vehicle with a permanent magnetic type dynamo-electric machine
EP1130740A2 (en) * 2000-03-02 2001-09-05 Hitachi, Ltd. Hybrid electric vehicle with a permanent magnetic type dynamo-electric machine
US6603215B2 (en) * 2001-05-24 2003-08-05 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Hybrid electric vehicle control strategy while traveling in reverse
WO2003026911A1 (en) * 2001-09-26 2003-04-03 Luk Lamellen Und Kupplungsbau Beteiligungs Kg Drive assembly
FR2830066A1 (en) * 2001-09-26 2003-03-28 Luk Lamellen & Kupplungsbau Drive device
US7108626B2 (en) 2001-09-26 2006-09-19 Luk Lamellen Und Kupplungsbau Beteiligungs Kg Drive assembly
EP1306256A3 (en) * 2001-10-17 2006-07-05 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Hybrid vehicle power transmission
US8733209B2 (en) 2007-02-26 2014-05-27 Ulrich Rohs Drive arrangement with an infinitely variable sub-gear box
WO2012083916A1 (en) * 2010-12-23 2012-06-28 Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG Drive train
US20120234134A1 (en) * 2011-03-17 2012-09-20 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Power transmission apparatus for hybrid vehicle
US9358971B2 (en) * 2011-03-17 2016-06-07 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Power transmission apparatus for hybrid vehicle
CN103796887A (en) * 2011-09-14 2014-05-14 本田技研工业株式会社 Drive control means
US9211882B2 (en) 2011-09-14 2015-12-15 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Drive control device
CN103796887B (en) * 2011-09-14 2016-08-17 本田技研工业株式会社 Drive control means

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