CS223851B2 - Mobile facility for distributing and profiling the gravel of the railway bed - Google PatentsMobile facility for distributing and profiling the gravel of the railway bed Download PDF
- Publication number
- CS223851B2 CS223851B2 CS68579A CS68579A CS223851B2 CS 223851 B2 CS223851 B2 CS 223851B2 CS 68579 A CS68579 A CS 68579A CS 68579 A CS68579 A CS 68579A CS 223851 B2 CS223851 B2 CS 223851B2
- Prior art keywords
- Prior art date
- 238000009826 distribution Methods 0.000 claims description 17
- 238000005096 rolling process Methods 0.000 claims description 4
- 238000001914 filtration Methods 0.000 claims 1
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 6
- 239000000789 fastener Substances 0.000 description 4
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000001154 acute Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000011324 bead Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000015572 biosynthetic process Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000001808 coupling Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000010168 coupling process Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000005859 coupling reaction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000006073 displacement reaction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000005755 formation reaction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000005484 gravity Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000004301 light adaptation Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000001105 regulatory Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000002441 reversible Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000002965 rope Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000007493 shaping process Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000003860 storage Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000010408 sweeping Methods 0.000 description 1
- E—FIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
- E01—CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
- E01B—PERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
- E01B27/00—Placing, renewing, working, cleaning, or taking-up the ballast, with or without concurrent work on the track; Devices therefor; Packing sleepers
- E01B27/02—Placing the ballast; Making ballastway; Redistributing ballasting material; Machines or devices therefor; Levelling means
- E01B27/023—Spreading, levelling or redistributing ballast already placed
- E01B27/025—Spreading, levelling or redistributing ballast already placed by means of non-driven tools
CZECHOSLOVAK SOCIALIST REPUBLIC (W) DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION 223851 (11) (B2) (22) Registered 31 01 79 (51) Int. Cl.3 E 01 B 27/02 (21) (PV 685-79) (32) (31) (33) Priority from 28 04 78 (A 3130/78) Austria (40) Published 15 09 81 AND DISCOVERIES (45) Published 15 04 86 (72)
Author of the invention THEURER JOSEF, VIENNA (Austria) (73)
Patent proprietor FRANZ PLASSER BAHNBAUMASCHINEN-INDUSTRIEGESELLSCHAFT mbH., VIENNA (Austria) (54) Rolling bed distribution and profiling device 1
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a rolling device for separating and profiling gravel rails, with a plow device mounted vertically adjustable on the frame and comprising a V and V center plow of side plow devices, each of which is associated with one of the two rails and optionally equipped with pivotable guide members with a tunnel cover overlapping the rail at least in the length of the working area of the lorry, on which one fixed section of the side plow plate is fixed at an angle to the rail axis. In the mobile machine of this kind according to MS. No. 183,660 has a plow device positioned between the two bogies of a triple plate swiveling about a common central vertical axis of rotation, two of which can be brought into a mirror-symmetrical angular position with respect to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle so as to form a substantially pointed middle plow by pivoting the third plow plate, pivotable about the tip of the middle plow, the gravel bed placed on the ballast bed before the machine or topped by the front side plow plates obliquely through the tunnel covers of the outer sides of the track to its center, one by one or both lateral sides of the middle plow and dispose of the required layout on the outer side of the track. The machine, which is equipped with a scooping and conveying device for excess gravel and a large hopper for temporary storage of excess gravel, has proven very well in practice due to its high performance and achievable savings on the amount of gravel. Gravel plow according to US patent. No. 3,605,297 is equipped with road and rail chassis as a road and rail vehicle. Its plow assembly consists of a central plow protruding forward from the front of the machine frame, and a plow-mounted wall mounted on the machine frame pivoted sideways and working on the outer sides of the rails. The central plow mounted on the support frame of the pivotable transverse axle and tilting upwardly by means of ropes has two identical plowshares arranged one behind the other in the longitudinal direction of the machine with a slight mutual gap; each of them consists of two plow plates which are pivotable about a common central vertical axis of rotation and which at the lower side of the crossing point with the respective rail prevent it from passing the rail and its fasteners. The plow plates lying on the same side of the machine are connected to each other by pulling a parallelogram guide. With respect to the geometrical conditions, only two pivoted plow positions are possible, in which the respective rail passes through the center of the regulating plate. As a result, in addition to the position of the plowshields, only two other positions are possible in the shape of a central plow with a V-shaped profile whose tip is directed backwards or forwards, in which the plow plates of the two machines form a continuous plow surface that extends obliquely across the track. However, such a plow design has numerous drawbacks, since the forces acting on the plow plates, which are often very high in particular when the amount of gravel is high, must be largely captured by the swiveling bearings of the split plow shields, the swivel bearings being subject to rapid wear. The relatively large construction complexity of the pivot bearing and the drive of the plow plates is further limited by the possibility of working the plow. In particular, any quantitative distribution of the ballast placed in the middle of the track in front of the machine on both outer sides of the track can be freely quantitated. However, even more disadvantageous is the fact that the ballast at the crossing points of the plow plates with the rails is overlapped with the free rails and their fasteners, which can lead to serious damage to these parts. In particular, individual pieces of gravel may be stuck between the fixed fasteners, such as coupling bolts, rail connectors and the like, and between the edges of the plow plate cutouts that move in the longitudinal direction of the rail. In such cases, serious damage to both the rolling stock and the plow itself is necessary.
Also known is the gravel plow of U.S. Pat. No. 3,491,667, wherein each rail is assigned a plow device coupled via a parallelogram guide to a frame vehicle that can be lowered and raised by means of a drive. Each plow mouth consists of a rail tunnel cover, a vertical support plate connected to the rail and a crossing rail perpendicular to and from the double deck plates, each of which is supported by the outer edge of the support plate on the vertical axis and can be adjusted irregularly into different discrete positions. The greatest disadvantage of such an arrangement is that, due to the perpendicular position of the support plate to the rail, at least 90c must be turned over at the ballast when moving from one side of the track to the other, up to about 90c. 180 °. The gravitational friction of the ballast must overcome the disproportionately high power of the driving gear; if the pile of gravel is too large in front of the machine, the plow may also stop. Removal of the fault requires manual work and a relatively long time. Furthermore, the gravel plow cannot move the gravel at the outside of the track through the rails to the other side of the track in a single working pass. Thus, the possibility of using the machine is considerably limited. The engine must have a plow mechanism massive and 4 strong in construction to be able to absorb the forces exerted by the stacked gravel of the vertical support plate. The function of such a plow-type plow cannot be rational in the sense of a modern track maintenance technique, and a great deal of time is required to manually adjust the four plow plates, which can only be carried by a plow-mounted plow. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The object of the present invention is to provide a mobile device for distributing and profiling a rail track bed so that its construction is as simple and robust as possible while allowing for adaptation to the immediate conditions of use.
The essence of the invention is that in each side plow device only a single distribution plate is displaceable by means of a pivoting drive between the two rails, whose working length extends up to the tip of the middle carriage consisting of two mutually firmly connected plow plates. . By this construction, the number of "movable" ballast guide members that are required by the desired gravel splitting and profiling, as well as the number of their drive train to only two, is reduced, which not only reduces the production costs and the weight of the comparable structures. the whole machine, but also the wear of the plow parts and the need for maintenance are reduced. Despite the simplified new construction of the invention, the machine satisfies the high technical and performance requirements of a universally applicable gravel plow. Since the distribution boards cooperating with the middle plow can be freely adjusted by means of actuators controlled from the operator station, it is possible not only to transport the gravel from the center of the track or the outer edge of the track bed that lies ahead of the machine to one or both outer sides. the gravel bed, but also individually to regulate the gravel movement through the slanted sides of the rigid central plow and to distribute the gravel lying in front of the machine on either side of the bed. The slanting of the side-by-side and middle plow plate axes of the track allows for rapid gravel travel and substantially less driving resistance, even with larger amounts of gravel being conveyed. In addition, by rotating the two distributor plates to the center plow tip, the gravel passage can be temporarily closed off by the plow; this is particularly advantageous when a substantial amount of gravel is found on the respective bed of gravel in the interstices between the individual sleepers. The gravel, which accumulates before the closed plow device, then at least partially fills the insufficiently full gap between the sleepers.
The rigid formation of the middle plow and the reduced stress of the distributor plates, which serve primarily as distributors and throttles for the ballast, allows the active plow surfaces to be increased by increasing the building height, without the need to construct plow plates stronger; such an increase in active plow surfaces is in many cases highly desirable. In this way it is essentially impossible to plow the plow with too much or bulk gravel lying in the preform. The distribution plates according to the invention can be adjusted both by a swinging movement and a reciprocating movement in the manner of a slide.
According to a particularly advantageous embodiment of the invention, each of the two distribution plates located in relation to the longitudinal axis of the machine-mirror symmetrical and supported by the pivot of the vertical axis of rotation is connected directly to the fixed section of the side plow plate in the region of the rotation axis, which runs in the inclined axis of the track, This structure allows for almost continuous control when adjusting the distributors for different work on the track and a very simple design of the pivot bearing of the distributor plate as an articulated joint on the hinged way. fixed section of the side deck plate. As a result, a separate connection of the spindle bearing pins to the plow support frame is eliminated. In addition, the side plow plate, the distributor plate facing the middle plow tip in the closed position, and the middle plow middle plow, which runs in the same direction, have a continuous burr guide surface which forms an acute angle with the track axis. the entire width of the rail body and supports continuous transport of the ballast from one side of the rail bed to the other.
According to a further feature of the invention, the centering of the distribution plate lies in the middle of the middle plow tip and the crossing point of the side plow plate with the tunnel cover, and the range of the distribution plate is at least 90 °. In this design of the switchgear, the cross section on both sides of the middle plow available for the spinner can be freely varied between zero and full cross section, and thus achieve any desired distribution of gravel on the right or left edge of the ballast bed. As a consequence of the large lateral distance between the rotating plates of the two distribution plates, a sufficiently large free passage for the ballast is available, so that the plow failure does not occur even when there is a large amount of high layer gravel in front of the machine.
According to the invention, further advantages are achieved that the central plow, the side plow plates and the distribution plates and the tunnel covers are connected to the machine frame via a common height adjusting drive. This simplifies the overall construction of the machine, reduces the production and machine weight, and simplifies machine operation and maintenance.
Particular advantages in terms of machine performance are achieved in accordance with a further feature of the invention in that the machine frame is pivoted with respect to the track by at least 180 by means of a central pivoting and lifting device. As a result, the direction of operation of the machine can be changed at any time independently of fixed devices installed in the track, such as rail triangles or turntables. The machine can be rotated at any point in the track without long-term interruption of work by running backwards to the turntable.
1 is a side view of a first embodiment of a traveling apparatus for distributing and profiling a track bed ballast according to the invention; FIG. 2 is a plan view of the plow apparatus of FIG. 4 to 6 are plan views of a plow tool according to the invention, shown schematically in various operating positions and FIGS. 7 is a plan view of a plow device of a further embodiment with reversible plate adjustment.
1 and 2 has a frame 2 which is movable on two track bogies 3 on track rails 5, 5 mounted by transverse sleepers 6. The machine 1 has its own drive 7 driving the rear bogie 3. Arrow 8 indicates the working direction of the machine 1 .
At the front end of the machine frame 2, a driver cab 9 is provided with control and monitoring devices for the working and driving movements of the machine 1. The housing 10, located behind the driver's cab 9, comprises a power supply device 11 for supplying and supplying energy. On the underside of the frame 2, approximately in the center of gravity of the machine, is a central swiveling and lifting device 12 with a support plate 13 which can be lowered to the top of the ballast bed and sleepers in the area between the two rails 4, 5 by With this pivoting and lifting device 12, the machine 1 can be lifted at any point of the track above the height of the rails 4.5 in order to reverse the direction of rotation by rotating the vertical axis 14 of the swiveling and lifting device 12 by 180 ° and repositioning the rails. The machine 1 is provided with side plows 15 which are mounted on the right and left longitudinal sides of the frame 2 pivotable sideways; their angular position is adjustable by the cylinder and piston unit 16.
At the rear end of the machine frame 2 there is a sweeping device 18 which can be lifted up by means of height adjusting drives 17 and is equipped with a brush roller 20 driven by a rotary motion of a horizontal transverse axis 19 extending over the entire width of the top surface of the ballast bed, and two the ejection holes 21, which are disposed on both sides of the machine and serve to eject excess gravel trapped by the brush roller 20.
On the front side of the machine frame 2 there is a load-bearing frame 22, which protrudes forward in the working direction 8 and is fixed by means of height adjusting actuators 23, in particular hydraulic cylindrical units, so that it can be raised and lowered and locked at any height. A plow system 24 according to the invention is mounted on the underside of the support frame 22. In particular, as shown in FIG. 2, the plow system 24 consists of a V-shaped central lorry 26 and consists of two rigidly connected plow plates 25 and two side plow devices 27, each of which is assigned to one rail 4, 5 In order to protect the rails 4, 5 and their fasteners against damage by gravel, the plow system 24, and the easier raking of the gravel through the rails 4, 5, tunnel covers 28 are provided which overlap the rails 4, 5 at least at a time where they extend working range of the plow. The two plow plates 25 of the central plow 28 are rigidly connected to both the support frame 22 and the tunnel covers 28. Each side plow device 27 consists of a lateral plow plate 30 which extends obliquely to the track axis 29 and whose fixed section 31 is also rigid. The plow system 24 has, in the area between the two rails 4, 5, only two-track ballast guide members in the shaping plates 32, which are connected immediately to the fixed section 31 of the respective ballast. The range of pivot movement of the distributors 32, whose operative working length extends at least from the axis of rotation 33 to the tip 34 of the central plow 26, extends in the illustrated embodiment of the machine according to the broken lines across the angle. about 90 °. Each distribution plate 32 is pivotable to any angular position and can be locked in this position by means of a pivoting drive 35, in particular a hydraulic cylinder with a piston, which is fixed both by the feeding plate and on the respective side plow plate 30. Of course, there is a possibility to increase the pivot angle of the distributor plates 32 to 270 ° as needed.
The outer ends of the middle plow plates 25 of the central plow 28, which extend beyond the rails 4, 5, and / or the outer ends of the side plow plates 30 may, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, adjust the working width in the horizontal plane. they are pivotable and adjustable, for example by drives (not shown).
The embodiment of the machine of FIG. 3 differs from the prior art essentially by the plow system 24 being located in the region between the bogies 3; in the direction of arrow 8 and thus in the direction of work, both plows 15 lie in front of the plow system.
The function of the plow system in the various operating positions is shown in FIG. 3 to 7. According to FIG. 3, it is assumed that in the processed track section the gravel 36 lies in front of the plow, both in the middle of the track, and also on the outside of the bed 37 to the right and to the left. The relative movements of the ballast versus the plow system 24 are shown in the cuts with broken arrows. When the vehicle 1 is traveling forward in the working direction 8, the ballast 36, which lies in front of the machine between the rails 4, 5, comes directly into the operation of the middle plow 26. The ballast lying in front of the machine on the outer sides of the rail, i the gravel remaining in the profiling of the ballast bed is summed up by the side plows 15, is conveyed along both side plow plates 30 through the tunnel covers 28 to the center of the track where it comes together with a plow bead lying between the rails 4, 5 into the working area of the middle plow hu 26. The gravel is aggregated in two sub-streams along both central plow plates 25 through the tunnel covers 28 to the left and right sides of the gravel bed and is stored there. Here, the position of the distributor plates 32 is immediately determined by determining the quantitative ratio of the two branches of the gravel stream and thus the amount of gravel deposited on the right and left edges of the gravel bed 37. In the case shown in FIG. at least approximately uniformly distributing the gravel to the right and left edges of the rail bed 37.
FIG. 4 shows the two distribution plates 32 in the fully open position. The gravel 36 lying in the middle of the track is also distributed evenly on both outer sides of the bed.
The amount of gravel accumulated in front of the machine, optionally on one side, can be compensated by suitable corrective movements of the distributor plates 32.
Referring to FIG. 5, a large number of gravel lies on the right and left side of the gravel bed in front of the machine. In order to be able to evenly distribute the ballast on both sides of the bed, the distribution plate 32 is turned into the fully open position on the right side of Fig. 5, while the distribution plate 32 on the left side is placed in an intermediate position in order to throttle the gravel flow it is quantitatively larger on this party.
FIG. 6 shows the displacement of all the amount of ballast lying in front of the machine on only one side of the ballast bed on the adjacent edge of the bed. To this end, the divider plate 32 on the left side is fully open, while the right divider plate 32 is brought into the closing position in which it points to the tip 34 of the middle plow 26. The associated plow plate 30, the distributor plate 32 and The downstream plow plate 25 then forms a gravel guide surface extending over the entire width of the track bed and contiguous. The dashboards indicated by the dashed lines 32 show a mirror-inverted position when the gravel is moved to the other outer side of the ballast bed.
FIG. 7 shows the transport of gravel 36 lying in front of the machine in the middle of the gravel bed to only one of the two outer
- 223851 sides of the track; the positions of the slide distributor plates 32 correspond to mirror-like positions of the swinging distributors 32 of FIG. 6. The slide-type reciprocating distribution plates 32 are, of course, adjustable and possibly displaceable by means of hydraulic cylinders with pistons in 10 slideways. or bearings to the required position. If necessary, it is also possible to rotate the two distribution plates 32 to the closing position and temporarily accumulate a certain amount of gravel in front of the plow. OBJECTCLAIMS 1. A mobile device for distributing and filtering a ballast of a rail bed, with a plow set mounted vertically adjustable and consisting of a central plow of the Vaz shape of the side plow devices, each of which is assigned to one rail and optionally equipped with pivotable guide members for gravel, and with the tunnel covers overlapping the rails at least in the length of the working area of the plow, on which one fixed section of the side plow plate is fixed obliquely to the track axis, characterized in that only one of the two plow devices is located in each side plow assembly (27) the guide plate (32) can be adjusted by means of a swivel drive (35) between the rails (4, 5), whose working length extends up to the tip (34) of the central plow (26) consisting of two mutually fixed plow plates (25).
- 2. The mobile device according to claim 1, wherein each of the two distributor decks (32) located relative to the longitudinal axis of the machine mirror-symmetrically and mounted pivotably about a vertical axis of rotation (33) is coupled to its axis the rotation (33) of the straight section (31) of the side plow plate (30), which runs obliquely to the axis of the track, is stationary with respect to the tunnel cover (28) and is preferably firmly connected thereto.
- 3. Mobile device according to claim 2, characterized in that the axis of rotation (33) of the distributor plate (32) lies midway between the center plow tip (34) and the crossing point of the side plow plate (30) with the tunnel cover (28). , and the swivel range of the distributor plate (32) is at least 90 °.
- Mobile device according to one of Claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the central plow (26), the side plow plates (30) and the distributor plates (32) and the tunnel covers (38) are connected to the frame (2) of the machine via a common elevation. -position actuator (23).
- Mobile device according to one of Claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the machine frame (2) can be swiveled and raised by the rolling device (12) by at least 180c. 1 sheet of drawings
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|AT313078A AT359112B (en)||1978-04-28||1978-04-28||Mobile device for distributing and profiling the sleeping balls of a track|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CS223851B2 true CS223851B2 (en)||1983-11-25|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CS68579A CS223851B2 (en)||1978-04-28||1979-01-31||Mobile facility for distributing and profiling the gravel of the railway bed|
Country Status (10)
|AT (1)||AT359112B (en)|
|AU (1)||AU528605B2 (en)|
|CA (1)||CA1109735A (en)|
|CH (1)||CH638004A5 (en)|
|CS (1)||CS223851B2 (en)|
|DD (1)||DD143443A5 (en)|
|DE (1)||DE2851947C2 (en)|
|ES (1)||ES480033A1 (en)|
|FR (1)||FR2424360B1 (en)|
|GB (1)||GB2019924B (en)|
Families Citing this family (6)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CH652428A5 (en) *||1981-03-24||1985-11-15||Canron Inc Crissier||Gradle planing machine drivable on the track.|
|AT20923T (en) *||1982-04-23||1986-08-15||Matisa Materiel Ind Sa||Machine travelable on the track for planning and profiling the ball.|
|EP0164163B1 (en) *||1984-06-07||1989-02-08||DANIELI & C. OFFICINE MECCANICHE S.p.A.||Self-propelled machine to dress and re-distribute railway road bed ballast|
|IT1181182B (en) *||1984-06-07||1987-09-23||Danieli Off Mecc||Profiling unit for roadbed transfer profiling machines|
|AT387998B (en) *||1987-06-16||1989-04-10||Plasser Bahnbaumasch Franz||Track construction machine for distributing and profiling the sleeping bed of a track with flank plow|
|CH680865A5 (en) *||1989-09-26||1992-11-30||Matisa Materiel Ind Sa|
Family Cites Families (4)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|DE1534109C2 (en) *||1965-12-10||1975-01-16||Rheiner Maschinenfabrik Windhoff Ag, 4440 Rheine|
|FR1497844A (en) *||1966-10-26||1967-10-13||Matisa Materiel Ind Sa||Equipment for leveling the ballast of a railway track|
|US3605297A (en) *||1968-08-05||1971-09-20||Marmon Group Inc||Railroad ballast plow|
|AT322606B (en) *||1971-05-24||1975-05-26||Plasser Bahnbaumasch Franz||Mobile device for distributing and profiling the bed ballast of a railroad track|
- 1979-01-15 CH CH37079A patent/CH638004A5/en not_active IP Right Cessation
- 1979-01-16 GB GB7901507A patent/GB2019924B/en not_active Expired
- 1979-01-31 CS CS68579A patent/CS223851B2/en unknown
- 1979-02-06 CA CA320,904A patent/CA1109735A/en not_active Expired
- 1979-02-28 AU AU44660/79A patent/AU528605B2/en not_active Ceased
- 1979-04-20 FR FR7910074A patent/FR2424360B1/fr not_active Expired
- 1979-04-27 DD DD21256679A patent/DD143443A5/en not_active IP Right Cessation
- 1979-04-27 ES ES480033A patent/ES480033A1/en not_active Expired
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