CN2922386Y - Rack used for electronic equipment - Google Patents

Rack used for electronic equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2922386Y
CN2922386Y CN 200520037764 CN200520037764U CN2922386Y CN 2922386 Y CN2922386 Y CN 2922386Y CN 200520037764 CN200520037764 CN 200520037764 CN 200520037764 U CN200520037764 U CN 200520037764U CN 2922386 Y CN2922386 Y CN 2922386Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
area
rack
electronic equipment
air
cold air
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200520037764
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗巍
史善法
Original Assignee
英业达股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 英业达股份有限公司 filed Critical 英业达股份有限公司
Priority to CN 200520037764 priority Critical patent/CN2922386Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2922386Y publication Critical patent/CN2922386Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a rack used for electronic equipment, which comprises a body, a first area partitioned inside the body and a second area connected with the first area, an air intake formed on the body and connecting the outside of the rack with the first area, and an air outlet also formed on the body and connecting the second area with the outside. The utility model is characterized in that: the rack can separate cold air from hot air to increase cold air utilization rate and heat dissipation effect; both cold air and hot air circulate along one single smooth path without impeding phenomenon such as eddy flow, thereby generating fast and smooth convection and high-efficient heat dissipation effect; in addition, a directing plate can be arranged at the position inside the body near the air intake to increase cold air quantity entering the rack body, thereby effectively improving heat dissipation effect and heat dissipation rate; finally, the utility model is of no need to provide lower-temperature air-conditioning environment in machine room, thereby according better with economic benefit so as to save electricity.

Description

The rack that is used for electronic equipment

Technical field

The utility model is about a kind of rack, particularly about a kind of rack that is used for electronic equipments such as server.

Background technology

Common such as work stations such as audio-visual, video, monitoring instrument, switch, server, computer, telecommunications main frames, mainly be with electronic equipment with storehouse or side by side mode be arranged in the rack, again rack is placed the machine room of air conditioner surroundings such as proper temperature, humidity, make the electronic equipment energy stable operation in the rack.In the condition of keeping the stable operation of rack inner electronic equipment, can the heat that electronic equipment produces effectively spread is especially important, because the overwhelming majority causes all overheated from core parts such as semiconductor, hard disks of reason that electronic equipment works as machine.Therefore, under the heat dissipation condition of poor, along with the working temperature raising of electronic equipment, incident must be that job insecurity takes place, and can cause working as machine, reduces the useful life of electronic equipment.

At present extensive general electronic equipment form, be with institute of American National Standards Institute standard, roughly be located in the rack and constitute (announce in the utility model patents such as No. 534573, No. 536142 and No. 536143 as TaiWan, China and disclose) on the structure by some mainboard groups of corresponding function, and in rack one side air extractor is set, the heat that produces in the course of work is discharged.Air extractor is provided with a day rack rear end usually, and front end then is provided with air inlet, sucks cool ambient air from front end during the fan running of air extractor, and cold air flow carries out heat exchange through the work thermal source, is discharged by the rear end then.According to this structure as can be known, the design of the electronic equipment of general specification with inner active heat removal at present, but must provide cold air to carry out heat exchange by the external world can effectively reduce temperature, the source of these cold airs comes down to be provided by the air conditioner in machine room environment.

Existing machine room is to adopt the semi open model design, the required cold air of air conditioner surroundings is to continue by providing in the raised floor 1 that planning is provided with in advance, as shown in Figure 1, and comply with the place reservation opening 11 that rack 2 is put in planning, cold air can be taken by the rack 2 that correspondence is provided with by each opening 11.Rack 2 commonly used is made of the peripheral assembling of framework side seal board, front and back door and roof and floor, and presets some lockholes in the framework both sides according to standard, is used to install some electronic equipments 3 of space storehouse.The bottom sealing plate of rack 2 is reserved with the air inlet 21 corresponding to opening 11, on top sealing plate, be equipped with in addition plurality of fans 22 from the top outside exhausting.Existing rack has following disappearance to wait to improve.

At first, cold air is imported the air inlet 21 of rack 2 by the opening 11 of raised floor 1, enter rack 2 inside again, the flow direction of cold air is subjected to the stopping of electronic equipment 3 of rack bottom, can form with airintake direction and to be flowing of 90 degree, have a strong impact on the air inflow of cold air, with and relatively reduce the radiating efficiency of cold-hot air convection in the rack.And the cold and hot air in the rack directly contact carries out heat exchange, causes the waste of the cold air energy.

Because of the operation of rack 2 top fans 22, cold air continues to flow in the rack 2 and after electronic equipment 3 is discharged, can impact rack 2 rear end panels, forms the discharging that vortex phenomenon influences hot-air in rack.

At last, what cold air was abundant and not average carries out heat exchange with each electronic equipment 3, and most cold airs can tend to directly discharge from top fan 22, therefore also can't bring into play the heat exchange effect of expection for real pyrotoxin (semiconductor element in the electronic equipment or hard disk), very easily cause being positioned at rack 2 central authorities, area, bottom electronic equipment 3 since heat can't pass, because of the accumulation generation equipment work instability of heat even when the serious phenomenon of machine.

Above-mentioned every factor causes the radiating effect of each electronic equipment 3 bad, existing way provides in the machine room air conditioner surroundings of low temperature more, in the hope of reducing the mean temperature in the rack, the radiating effect of the actual generation of this way is not good, and obviously be not inconsistent economic benefit, expend electric power again more, be not enough to adopt.

Therefore, how to propose a kind of rack and can overcome the unfavorable situation of radiating effect in the existing rack, can effectively cold air be transported to rack inside, and provide smoothly convection current path and enough air quantity to improve heat loss through convection efficient, quicken cooling effect, for the electronic equipment in the rack provides active cooling effect, and can correspondingly reduce power consumption, become the difficult problem that present industry is demanded urgently overcoming in fact.

The utility model content

For overcoming the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, main purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of rack that is used for electronic equipment, and the effective heat that each electronic equipment produces in the loss rack improves convection effects, effectively improves radiating efficiency.

Another purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of rack that is used for electronic equipment, avoid cold and hot air directly the contact disappearance of carrying out the radiating effect variation that heat exchange causes take place.

A purpose more of the present utility model is to provide a kind of rack that is used for electronic equipment, and convection current path and enough air quantity, the effectively heat in the loss rack smoothly can be provided.

For reaching above-mentioned and other purpose, the utility model provides a kind of rack that is used for electronic equipment, this rack comprises: a body, inner area every first area and the second area that is connected with this first area, at least one electronic equipment is placed in this body with certain angle of inclination, and this electronic equipment is cross-placed on this first and second zone simultaneously; Be formed at the air inlet on this body, the rack outside is connected with this first area, extraneous cold air enters this first area via this air inlet; And be formed at exhaust outlet on this body, and this second area is connected with extraneous, import after cold air in this rack carries out heat exchange with intrinsic electronic equipment, the hot-air that flows into this second area passes through this exhaust outlet discharge.

In the utility model, this body is divided into first and second zone by a baffle plate with this body, and this baffle plate has the opening that this electronic equipment of at least one confession passes, and makes this electronic equipment can be cross-placed on this first and second zone, simultaneously, this baffle plate is the heat-insulating shield that a heat-insulating material is made.Therefore, the utility model can separate the intrinsic cold and hot air of this rack by this baffle plate, avoid hot and cold air directly contact carry out that the cold air utilance that heat exchange caused is low, the situation of radiating effect difference takes place, and after avoiding cold air directly to rise to the top of body, directly discharge the wasting of resources that causes by the exhaust outlet at top.

In addition, in the utility model, this air inlet is to be opened in this body bottom, and is arranged in this first area.This exhaust outlet is to be opened in this bodies top, and is arranged in this second area.

Moreover, in the utility model, the part of this electronic equipment is to be positioned at this first area, another part then is positioned at this second area, and the part that this electronic equipment is positioned at the first area is to be lower than the part that it is positioned at second area, makes this electronic equipment be placed on this body interior with a predetermined angle of inclination.Therefore, the cold air that is entered by this air inlet can be subjected to the stopping than lower part that this electronic equipment is positioned at the first area in uphill process, make flow passage that cold air can form along adjacent up and down isolated electric room in two adjacent electric rooms, so diffusing the removing of heat that can be effectively produced with electronic equipment.

In another embodiment of the present utility model, this rack that is used for electronic equipment also comprises a guided plate, this guided plate is provided in a side of this first area, and with this baffle plate winding and be positioned at contiguous this air inlet place, the guiding cool air that will enter this body via this air inlet increases the cold air amount that body interior is carried out heat transmission that enters to this first area, therefore need not to provide lower temperature at machine room, more meet economic benefit, and save electric power.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the generalized section of existing electronic equipment cabinet;

Fig. 2 is the generalized section that is used for the rack embodiment 1 of electronic equipment of the present utility model;

Fig. 3 is the user mode schematic diagram of rack shown in Figure 2; And

Fig. 4 is the generalized section that the utility model is used for the rack embodiment 2 of electronic equipment.

Embodiment

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 2, it is the generalized section that the utility model is used for the rack embodiment 1 of electronic equipment.As shown in the figure, rack of the present utility model comprises a body 30 and is opened in air inlet 31 and the exhaust outlet 32 that the cooling air enters and hot-air is discharged respectively on this body.Below the utility model is elaborated.

The second area 301 that the inside of this body 30 has first area 300 and is connected with this first area, and these body 30 inside can be placed with certain angle of inclination for a plurality of electronic equipments 5, and this electronic equipment 5 is to bridge in this first area 300 and second area 301 simultaneously.In the utility model, this body 30 is the baffle plates 302 that are located at wherein by, and this body 30 is divided into this first area 300 and second area 301, and this electronic equipment 5 is to pass baffle plate 302 with certain angle of inclination.This baffle plate 302 can be made by heat-insulating material, avoids hot-air in the second area 301 to flow into the inside of electronic equipment 5 after this condensation goes out water droplet, causes the damage of electronic equipment 5.

Above-mentioned body 30 roughly by a framework that comprises four pillars, be assembled in side seal board, top sealing plate, bottom sealing plate, Qianmen and back door on this framework, and in the framework of body 30, be provided with this top, bottom sealing plate is vertical and the baffle plate 302 parallel with this Qianmen and back door constitutes, and this baffle plate 302 is to be provided with a plurality of openings that supply this electronic equipment 5 to pass.Preset many lockholes in the framework both sides according to standard.Each electronic equipment 5 is that a part is arranged in first area 300, another part is arranged in second area 301, and the part that each electronic equipment 5 is arranged in this first area 300 is to be lower than the part that it is arranged in this second area 301.

This air inlet 31 is provided in a side of the bottom of first area 300, and cold air flows into first area 300 by this air inlet 31.This exhaust outlet 32 is tops of being located at second area 301, and the hot-air of these body 30 internal electronic equipment 5 second areas that are discharged to 301 is discharged to the external world by air inlet 32.In addition, in the utility model, the top of this body 30 also can be provided with scavenger fan (not marking) to position that should exhaust outlet 32, the hot-airs in this second area 301 is extracted out via this exhaust outlet 32 by this scavenger fan.

See also Fig. 3, it is the user mode schematic diagram of the utility model rack.As shown in the figure, the rack that is used for electronic equipment of the present utility model is the raised floor 1 that is placed on machine room, and the air inlet 31 on it is in alignment with the opening 11 of raised floor 1.

In the utility model, the cold air that the air-conditioning system of machine room provides, flow in the first area 300 of body 30 by opening 11 and air inlet 31 in regular turn, because electronics establishing 5 is to be placed in the body 30 with an angle of inclination, so the cold air that enters via the air inlet 31 of body 30 bottoms is in uphill process, the part cold air is subjected to being arranged in stopping of these first area 300 these electronic equipment 5 parts, cold air can be imported in the passage of adjacent 5 formation of two relative up and down electronic equipments, cold air flow is taken away the heat that this electronic equipment 5 produces, and after air enters second area 301 behind this absorption heat, can discharge via this exhaust outlet 32.Rack structure of the present utility model can make the cold air amount of the electronic equipment internal of flowing through increase, and therefore promotes convection effects, can increase radiating efficiency.In addition, cold air becomes hot-air after convective heat exchange in electronic equipment 5, after hot-air enters into second area 301, in second area 301, form the rising thermal air current and discharge from exhaust outlet 32, thereby, even if the hot-air that electronic equipment 5 is discharged impacts the rack rear end, because electronic equipment 5 is to tilt to be placed at a certain angle in the body 30, so the hot-air of its discharge is to be tilted to discharge, hot-air through this rack bounce-back also is movement tendency upwards, thereby the discharge that utilizes hot-air is arranged, and be difficult for forming vortex phenomenon, therefore can not hinder hot-air and be discharged to outside the body through exhaust outlet 32.

In addition, in the utility model, this baffle plate 302 will be flowed through, and electronic equipment 5 carries out the cold air of heat exchange and electronic equipment 5 separates through the hot-air that heat exchange forms, avoid cold and hot air directly to contact and carry out heat exchange, also avoid simultaneously the cold air electronic equipment 5 of not flowing through directly to be discharged to the external world, and then the utilance of lifting cold air, avoid energy waste.

In view of above-mentioned, in the utility model, hot and cold air is all along single, path circulation (raised floor 1 → air inlet 31 → first area 300 → electronic equipment, 5 → second area, 301 → exhaust outlet 32 → external world) smoothly, can not produce the resistance phenomenon of eddy current, thereby can form convection current smoothly and heat radiation efficiently, guarantee that electronic equipment 5 remains in the efficient and stable operational environment.

Embodiment 2

Shown in Figure 4 is the generalized section that the utility model is used for the rack embodiment 2 of electronic equipment.The rack of present embodiment 2 and the foregoing description 1 are roughly the same, and its difference is that the rack of present embodiment also comprises a guided plate 23.

As shown in Figure 4, guided plate 23 is provided in a side of in the first area 300 of body 30, and this guided plate 23 is connected with baffle plate 302.In the utility model, guided plate 23 is located at contiguous air inlet 31 places, body 30 bottoms, will be in first area 300 via the guiding cool air in this body 30 of air inlet 31 inflows, and then avoid cold air owing to be subjected to being placed on the situation that the electronic equipment 5 of this body bottom stops generation air inlet difficulty, therefore, can provide enough cold air to body 30 inside by the utility model, be used for the heat radiation of electronic equipment 5, need not provides in the machine room air conditioner surroundings of low temperature more as prior art, more meet economic benefit, and save electric power.

Rack of the present utility model can make hot and cold air insulated, improve cold air utilance, promoted radiating effect.Hot and cold air all along single and smoothly the road can not produce for example resistance phenomenon of eddy current through circulation, therefore can produce fast and convection current smoothly and high efficiency radiating effect.Because of the angle of inclination of each electronic equipment, make cold air can more unhinderedly flow in electronic equipment internal, can strengthen radiating effect, and guarantee that each electronic equipment remains in the efficient and stable operational environment.In addition, the utility model can be close to the air inlet position guided plate is set in body, and increase enters the cold air amount of rack body from the external world, and then can effectively promote radiating effect and radiating rate.At last, the utility model need not to provide the more air conditioner surroundings of low temperature in machine room, more meet economic benefit, and and then saving electric power.

Claims (9)

1. a rack that is used for electronic equipment is characterized in that, this rack comprises:
One body, inner area every first area and the second area that is connected with this first area, at least one electronic equipment is placed in this body with certain angle of inclination, and this electronic equipment is cross-placed on this first and second zone simultaneously;
Be formed at the air inlet on this body, the rack outside is connected with this first area, extraneous cold air enters this first area via this air inlet; And
Be formed at the exhaust outlet on this body, this second area is connected with extraneous, import after cold air in this rack carries out heat exchange with intrinsic electronic equipment, the hot-air that flows into this second area passes through this exhaust outlet discharge.
2. the rack that is used for electronic equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, this body is by a baffle plate, the inside of this body is divided into this first and second zone, and this electronic equipment necessarily angle of inclination passes this baffle plate and is placed in this body, and is cross-placed on this first and second zone simultaneously.
3. the rack that is used for electronic equipment as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, this baffle plate is the heat-insulating shield that a heat-insulating material is made.
4. the rack that is used for electronic equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, this rack that is used for electronic equipment also comprises a guided plate, is located at this first area, and contiguous this air inlet place, and the air that this air inlet unit is provided is directed in this first area.
5. the rack that is used for electronic equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, this air inlet is provided in a side of this body bottom and is arranged in this first area.
6. the rack that is used for electronic equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, this gas outlet is to be opened in the top of this body and to be arranged in this second area.
7. the rack that is used for electronic equipment as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, the top of this body also is provided with scavenger fan to position that should exhaust outlet, and the running of this scavenger fan is discharged the hot-air in this second area through this exhaust outlet.
8. the rack that is used for electronic equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, an electronic equipment part that is placed in this body is to be positioned at this first area, and another part is positioned at this second area.
9. the rack that is used for electronic equipment as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that, after this electronic equipment was placed in this body, an end that is positioned at the first area was to be lower than the other end that it is positioned at second area.
CN 200520037764 2005-12-30 2005-12-30 Rack used for electronic equipment CN2922386Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520037764 CN2922386Y (en) 2005-12-30 2005-12-30 Rack used for electronic equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520037764 CN2922386Y (en) 2005-12-30 2005-12-30 Rack used for electronic equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2922386Y true CN2922386Y (en) 2007-07-11

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200520037764 CN2922386Y (en) 2005-12-30 2005-12-30 Rack used for electronic equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2922386Y (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101959392A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-01-26 成都市华为赛门铁克科技有限公司 Heat radiation system
CN102478925A (en) * 2010-11-25 2012-05-30 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Container data center
CN102548334A (en) * 2010-12-08 2012-07-04 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Container data center
CN102576240A (en) * 2009-04-29 2012-07-11 惠普开发有限公司 Improvements in or relating to data centers
CN102695401A (en) * 2011-03-22 2012-09-26 上海贝尔股份有限公司 Cabinet for communication equipment
CN103561555A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-05 华为技术有限公司 Machine cabinet structure and container data center thereof
CN104602469A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-05-06 华为技术有限公司 Cabinet
CN108012516A (en) * 2012-08-16 2018-05-08 泉州臻美智能科技有限公司 Counter
WO2019173927A1 (en) * 2018-03-16 2019-09-19 Square Mining Inc. Rack and cooling of racked computer servers

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102576240A (en) * 2009-04-29 2012-07-11 惠普开发有限公司 Improvements in or relating to data centers
CN101959392A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-01-26 成都市华为赛门铁克科技有限公司 Heat radiation system
CN101959392B (en) * 2010-09-02 2012-09-19 成都市华为赛门铁克科技有限公司 Heat radiation system
CN102478925A (en) * 2010-11-25 2012-05-30 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Container data center
CN102548334A (en) * 2010-12-08 2012-07-04 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Container data center
CN102695401A (en) * 2011-03-22 2012-09-26 上海贝尔股份有限公司 Cabinet for communication equipment
CN108012516A (en) * 2012-08-16 2018-05-08 泉州臻美智能科技有限公司 Counter
CN108012516B (en) * 2012-08-16 2019-11-19 泰兴市东城水处理工程有限公司 Counter
WO2015062329A1 (en) * 2013-10-30 2015-05-07 华为技术有限公司 Cabinet structure and container data centre thereof
CN103561555B (en) * 2013-10-30 2016-09-28 华为技术有限公司 Cabinet structure and container data center thereof
CN103561555A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-05 华为技术有限公司 Machine cabinet structure and container data center thereof
US10356954B2 (en) 2013-10-30 2019-07-16 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Cabinet structure and container data center thereof
CN104602469B (en) * 2015-01-15 2017-09-26 华为技术有限公司 Rack
CN104602469A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-05-06 华为技术有限公司 Cabinet
WO2019173927A1 (en) * 2018-03-16 2019-09-19 Square Mining Inc. Rack and cooling of racked computer servers

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20070711

Termination date: 20111230