CN2882246Y - Underwater dirt cleaner for net cage - Google Patents

Underwater dirt cleaner for net cage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2882246Y
CN2882246Y CNU2005201178243U CN200520117824U CN2882246Y CN 2882246 Y CN2882246 Y CN 2882246Y CN U2005201178243 U CNU2005201178243 U CN U2005201178243U CN 200520117824 U CN200520117824 U CN 200520117824U CN 2882246 Y CN2882246 Y CN 2882246Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
underwater
brush
net cage
etting
equipment
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CNU2005201178243U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王兴国
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU filed Critical Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
Priority to CNU2005201178243U priority Critical patent/CN2882246Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2882246Y publication Critical patent/CN2882246Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The utility model relates to an underwater raking device for clearing net cages in the aquiculture industry and pertains to the field of fishery machinery, which essentially comprises an underwater motor, an underwater platform, a driving device, brush assemblies and an above-water support, etc. The underwater motor is connected with one end of the driving device. The two outputting ends that rotate reverse to each other of the driving device are connected with the left and right brush assemblies, the underwater motor, the driving device and the brush assemblies are mounted in the prismatic table of the underwater platform. One end of the shaft of the underwater motor is provided with an impeller. The mounting locations of the brush heads in the brush assemblies are such that the when the brush heads are rotating, the rotary trace line of the outer edges of the brush heads shall project the bottom of the underwater platform. A storage bag is installed at back of the impeller for collecting dirt brushed down so as to improve the raking effect. The utility model can solve the issue for raking underwater any foreign matters adhered on the net cages.

Description

The net cage equipment of removing contamination under water
Technical field the utility model is the Clean-net cage of the cage netting netting gear equipment of removing contamination under water in a kind of aquaculture industry, belongs to the fishery machinery apparatus field.
In the background technology marine industry in order to carry out the circle of fish, enclose, block, supporting to wait needs, must in water, lay the etting netting gear so that aquatic animals such as fish are implemented corral, the cycle of aquaculture is generally longer, the etting netting gear needs the long period to be immersed in the water, this provides good adherance for the growth of various algae and other biology, the inside and outside water body exchange to net circle of being on the increase of attaching organism has constituted and has seriously influenced on the etting netting gear, cause the water quality corruption, water body environment worsens, a series of problems such as the stressed distortion of net cage shape, therefore must effectively remove the attaching organism of dirty network blocking tool mesh, at present public use a kind of be used to remove boats and ships under water the equipment of rigidity surface attachments with a simple rotating brush job, this equipment will clean very and is difficult to carry out laying underwater flexible etting netting gear, another kind of maneuver is manual cleaning, by ship berthing at etting netting gear side, operating personnel are hand-held long brush, to object cleaning under water, this mode is simple, but labour intensity is big, the cleaning weak effect, also having a kind of method is to utilize high-pressure hydraulic pump to make high-velocity flow, during operation the hydraulic giant spout being aimed at position to be cleaned washes away, this equipment is to utilize current to promote cleaning brush to clean the etting netting gear simultaneously, during using, reality in water, can be subjected to powerful fluid resistance owing to jet, it is relatively more difficult again that spout is accurately aimed at the cleaning position, therefore be greatly limited in using, under some special environment, also once adopt the diving personnel to dive and implemented the method for cleaning under water, but the difficulty of operational administrative is very big, is difficult to extensive employing.
The deficiency that the utility model content exists at existing equipment, the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of novel net cage equipment of removing contamination under water, solve the problem that fish culture net cage etting attachment cleans under water, the net cage equipment of removing contamination under water is by submersible machine [1], transmission mechanism [6], hairbrush assembly [3] and underwater platform [2] order connect to be formed, one end of submersible machine [1] and transmission mechanism [6] connects, the output of two groups of reciprocal rotations of transmission mechanism [6] and about two hairbrush assemblies [3] link, submersible machine [1], transmission mechanism [6] and hairbrush assembly [3] are installed in the prismoid of underwater platform [2], submersible machine [1] is equipped with impeller [9] at its a end, the installation site of the brush head [7] in the hairbrush assembly [3] should make brush head [7] when rotated, the rotational trajectory line of its outer rim protrudes in the bottom surface of underwater platform [2], specifically be on a underwater platform [2] that can hang onto underwater operation, arranging one group of brush assembly, this brush assembly is driven by a submersible machine [1], submersible machine [1] axle one end is connecting a transmission mechanism [6], transmission mechanism [6] has the worm gear one [12] of two different rotary directions, worm gear two [16], be connected with hairbrush assembly [3] respectively separately by worm-wheel shaft [8], when exercisable underwater platform [2] when hanging onto underwater operation, brush head [7] is finished sweeping on etting [21] plane under the drive of motor [1] under water, attachment on the cleaning etting [21], the other end of submersible machine [1] axle is connecting an impeller [9], impeller [9] is high speed rotating under the drive of motor [1] under water, promote underwater platform [2] and be close to etting [21], cause underwater platform [2] impingement flow backward simultaneously, thing in the dirt that eliminating is gone up under the brush from etting [21], can a storage bag be installed at impeller [9] rear portion, thing in the dirt that is used to collect under the brush.
Underwater platform [2] motor [1] under water drives down, brush head [7] is done the round brush motion on etting [21] plane, thing by brush head [7] and the dirt that the mechanical brushing of etting [21] is removed on the etting [21], the brushing direction of last row's hairbrush assembly [24] and following row's hairbrush assembly [22] is opposite, its exercising result makes etting [21] be tension, help the smooth expansion of etting [21], solve the problem that kinks of flexible member, underwater platform [2] advances with impeller [9] simultaneously, by being attached on etting [21] plane, can increase the effect of brush head [7] brushing, improve the effect of removing contamination, can solve the problem that fish culture net cage etting attachment cleans under water.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is depicted as the net cage equipment front view of removing contamination under water
Accompanying drawing 2 is depicted as the net cage equipment vertical view of removing contamination under water
Accompanying drawing 3 is depicted as the net cage equipment right view of removing contamination under water
Accompanying drawing 4 is depicted as the net cage equipment of the removing contamination schematic diagram that is in transmission connection under water
Accompanying drawing 5 is depicted as the net cage equipment transmission mechanism profile of removing contamination under water
Accompanying drawing 6 is depicted as the net cage equipment work schematic diagram of removing contamination under water
In the accompanying drawing 1:
1, submersible machine 2, underwater platform 3, hairbrush assembly 4, terrace with edge bottom surface 5, terrace with edge upper bottom surface
In the accompanying drawing 2:
3, hairbrush assembly 4, terrace with edge bottom surface 6, transmission mechanism 7, brush head 8, worm-wheel shaft
9, impeller 10, base plate
In the accompanying drawing 3:
3, hairbrush assembly 4, terrace with edge bottom surface 7, brush head
In the accompanying drawing 4:
1, submersible machine 3, hairbrush assembly 7, brush head 8, worm-wheel shaft 9, impeller 10, base plate
11, worm screw 12, worm gear 1, worm gear 2 17, " U " type frame 18, brush wheel 19, cover plate
In the accompanying drawing 5:
8, worm-wheel shaft 10, base plate 11, worm screw 12, worm gear 1, axle sleeve 14, bearing
15, channel-section steel 16, worm gear 2 18, brush wheel 19, cover plate 20, worm bearing
In the accompanying drawing 6:
2, underwater platform 21, etting 22, arrange hairbrush assembly 23, boat support frame down
24, arrange the hairbrush assembly on
Embodiment
At accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 2, in the accompanying drawing 3, the net cage function element of cleaning equipment under water all is installed on the underwater platform [2], underwater platform [2] is a truncated rectangular pyramids body shape works, its geomery can be selected as follows: terrace with edge bottom surface [4] is a rectangle, length is 1200 millimeters, 500 millimeters of width, terrace with edge upper bottom surface [5] is a square, the length of side is 500 millimeters, 800 millimeters of terrace with edge height, the operative end surface of underwater platform [2] is located at terrace with edge bottom surface [4], transmission mechanism [6] is arranged near bottom surface one side, its output worm-wheel shaft [8] is parallel to the bottom surface of terrace with edge, the brush head [7] of hairbrush assembly [3] is done gyration around the worm-wheel shaft [8] of transmission mechanism [6], periodically inswept operative end surface, scrape with etting [21] the generation machinery of being close on the operative end surface, reach the purpose of cleaning etting [21], the axis of submersible machine [1] is laid along the high line direction of terrace with edge, perpendicular with the worm-wheel shaft [8] of transmission mechanism [6], terrace with edge upper bottom surface [5] with fine steel rib make can be permeable barrier shape structure, the side of terrace with edge is draped over one's shoulders with light structure things such as canvas and is fastened again, flow with the water inside and outside the blocking-up terrace with edge body cavity, prevent aquaculture organism from entering in the cavity and be inhaled into impeller [9], terrace with edge bottom surface [4] is sealed by a thin plate, leave two slots onboard, brush head [7] trajectory of its outer rim when rotated protrudes in bottom surface, therefore, hairbrush part can periodically stretch out in from the slot of being held outside the plate and contact with etting [21] on being close to bottom surface, the inswept etting of hairbrush [21] plane cleans out the dirt that adheres on the etting [21].
In accompanying drawing 4, submersible machine [1] provides power resources for sewage disposal apparatus, submersible machine [1] is fixed by bolts on the base plate [10], adopt the output of twin shaft end, its preceding axle head is connecting a worm screw [11], through worm gear one [12], after slowing down, worm gear two [16] drives hairbrush assembly [3] rotation, thereafter axle head is equipped with an impeller [9], impeller [9] rotation, the generation thrust of striking waters promotes underwater platform [2] on the one hand by pasting the etting wall, on the other hand, produce impact current backward, the attachment that brush is got off is discharged outside the terrace with edge cavity, submersible machine [1] can be selected hermetically sealed submersible machine for use, impeller [9] adopts three vane type Nylon propeller leaves, impeller diameter is 89 millimeters, and it is the double end 4 modulus straight sided axial worms of 20 degree that worm screw [11] is adopted the flute profile angle, and worm screw [11] external diameter is 48 millimeters.
The brush assembly with base plate [10] as the supporting, cover plate [19] by bolt and base plate close fit together, worm gear one [12], worm gear two [16] are installed between this two base plate, worm-wheel shaft [8] runs through two plate follower heads, and each is assembled together with the brush wheel [18] of hairbrush assembly [3], hairbrush assembly [3] is after bending to " U " type frame [17] with round steel, brush head [7] is fixed on the round steel, and in aggregates with brush wheel [18] assembling.The worm screw [11] that is driven by submersible machine [1] is meshed with worm gear one [12], worm gear two [16] respectively, drives worm gear one [12] and worm gear two [16] low speed rotation in the opposite direction, drives the worm-wheel shaft [8] that is connected separately and does rotation accordingly.
Worm gear one [12], worm gear two [16] is 136 millimeters of diameters, transverse module is 4 copper worm gear, the number of teeth is 32, hairbrush assembly [3] is that 15 millimeters round steel is bent into skeleton with diameter, " U " type frame [17] kerve width is 160 millimeters, 420 millimeters of brachiums, the cylindrical brush ball is selected the finished parts of 80 millimeters of diameters for use, wear on the arm of " U " type frame [17] after the plastic-substrates punching, the arrangement bunchiness is fixed, then will " " termination of shape hairbrush assembly [3] two arms penetrates on two holes that brush wheel [18] is positioned at the correspondingly-sized of being opened on the diameter direction U, and is fixedly connected, brush wheel [18] diameter is 200 millimeters, and two pitchs of holes are 160 millimeters.
Accompanying drawing 5 is depicted as the profile of transmission mechanism [6], and worm screw [11] axle one end and submersible machine [1] join, and the other end supports with worm bearing [20].There are worm gear one [12], the worm gear two [16] of two identical parameters to be enclosed within respectively on separately the worm-wheel shaft [8], worm gear one [12], worm gear two [16] keep engagement with worm screw [11], article two, the output worm-wheel shaft passes the hole that base plate [10] and cover plate [19] are opened, constitute movingly with body by axle sleeve [13], bearing [14], the two ends of every worm-wheel shaft have a center screw, after brush wheel [18] central punch, be screwed on worm-wheel shaft, connect into integral body behind the setting-in channel-section steel [15] between base plate [10] and cover plate [19].
Accompanying drawing 6 is depicted as the net cage schematic diagram of cleaning equipment operation process under water, underwater structure long period of soaking such as net cage are in water, can cause adhering to of various biologies, during the equipment of removing contamination work, must realize effectively scraping between workpiece and cage netting [21], ettings [21] etc. are usually owing to action of gravity hangs in the water, during clean-up operation, the equipment of removing contamination hangs entry by boat support frame [23], by rationally controlling, make the operative end surface of underwater platform [2] be adjacent to etting to be cleaned [21] plane as far as possible, connect power supply, submersible machine [1] running drives hairbrush assembly [3] turn, and hairbrush assembly [3] includes row's hairbrush assembly [24] and arranges hairbrush assembly [22] down, last row's hairbrush assembly [24], under arrange hairbrush assembly [22] and on etting [21] plane, produce respectively upwards, downward round brush action, it is opposite that round brush acts on the force direction that produces on etting [21] plane, makes the fully tensioning of soft etting [21], avoids twining mutually with the brush head that rolls [7].Do the upper and lower motion that hangs along with controlling the equipment of removing contamination on the water surface, the equipment of removing contamination is along the sliding continuously brush of etting [21] wall, thing in dirt on the etting [21] brushed totally, this equipment is to other underwater structure such as ocean block, networking, shark net, bracing frame etc. equally also can carry out cleaning operation under water.

Claims (3)

1, the net cage equipment of removing contamination under water, by: submersible machine [1], transmission mechanism [6], hairbrush assembly [3] and underwater platform [2] order connect to be formed, it is characterized in that: an end of submersible machine [1] and transmission mechanism [6] connects, the output of two groups of reciprocal rotations of transmission mechanism [6] and about two hairbrush assemblies [3] link, submersible machine [1], transmission mechanism [6] and hairbrush assembly [3] are installed in the prismoid of underwater platform [2].
2, the net cage according to claim 1 equipment of removing contamination under water, it is characterized in that: submersible machine [1] is equipped with impeller [9] at its a end.
3, the net cage according to claim 1 equipment of removing contamination under water, it is characterized in that: the installation site of the brush head [7] in the hairbrush assembly [3] should make brush head [7] when rotated, and the rotational trajectory line of its outer rim protrudes in the bottom surface of underwater platform [2].
CNU2005201178243U 2005-09-03 2005-09-03 Underwater dirt cleaner for net cage Expired - Lifetime CN2882246Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2005201178243U CN2882246Y (en) 2005-09-03 2005-09-03 Underwater dirt cleaner for net cage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2005201178243U CN2882246Y (en) 2005-09-03 2005-09-03 Underwater dirt cleaner for net cage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2882246Y true CN2882246Y (en) 2007-03-28

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ID=37955305

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2005201178243U Expired - Lifetime CN2882246Y (en) 2005-09-03 2005-09-03 Underwater dirt cleaner for net cage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2882246Y (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102578002A (en) * 2011-01-07 2012-07-18 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Scallop breeding cage with automatic underwater surface cleaner
CN103583452A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-02-19 丁建华 Pond auto-clean cage culture facility
CN104396835A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-11 丁建华 Automatic clean-up culture cage in pond
CN116616235A (en) * 2023-06-05 2023-08-22 四川省农业科学院科技保障中心 Intelligent farming systems based on thing networking

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102578002A (en) * 2011-01-07 2012-07-18 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Scallop breeding cage with automatic underwater surface cleaner
CN103583452A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-02-19 丁建华 Pond auto-clean cage culture facility
CN104396835A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-11 丁建华 Automatic clean-up culture cage in pond
CN116616235A (en) * 2023-06-05 2023-08-22 四川省农业科学院科技保障中心 Intelligent farming systems based on thing networking
CN116616235B (en) * 2023-06-05 2024-03-12 四川省农业科学院科技保障中心 Intelligent farming systems based on thing networking

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Effective date of abandoning: 20091118

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting