CN2762860Y - Chinese medicine extractor - Google Patents

Chinese medicine extractor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2762860Y
CN2762860Y CN 200520022234 CN200520022234U CN2762860Y CN 2762860 Y CN2762860 Y CN 2762860Y CN 200520022234 CN200520022234 CN 200520022234 CN 200520022234 U CN200520022234 U CN 200520022234U CN 2762860 Y CN2762860 Y CN 2762860Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
extractor
chinese medicine
traditional chinese
extraction equipment
medicine extraction
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 200520022234
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄云
付群策
徐源宏
周旻晖
史孝臣
邓勇
赵昌平
史云鹏
马玉庆
童凯
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yunnan Kunming Shipbuilding Design and Research Institute
Original Assignee
Yunnan Kunming Shipbuilding Design and Research Institute
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN 200520022234 priority Critical patent/CN2762860Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2762860Y publication Critical patent/CN2762860Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a Chinese traditional medicine extractor, which is characterized in that a Chinese medicinal material basket (11) with pore spaces is arranged in an extracting tank (3), and the top part of the extracting tank (3) is provided with a top cover (10) which can be fully opened. The utility model saves energy and keeps the high gradient of extracting concentration difference. The utility model can expedite the effective components of the medicinal material to be leached out, simultaneously, the concentration of extracted liquid medicine is more homogeneous without precipitate, slag tapping and cleaning are very convenient, and production is safe.

Description

A kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to the traditional Chinese medicine extraction device structure technical field in the herbal pharmaceutical industry.
Background technology
At present, the water liquid decoction pot that domestic most of pharmaceutical factories of traditional Chinese medicine have also continued to use nearly one thousand years in use just adds chuck in the decoction pot bottom as the Chinese medicine extraction equipment, adopts the coil pipe heating.Also have part producer to adopt the multipotency extractor of stainless steel manufacturing Chinese medicine to be carried out water is carried or alcohol extracting, be aided with and install stirring system additional at the extractor top cover and carry out Dynamic Extraction, strengthen the mass transfer of leaching process and increase heat-exchanger circuit, the lixiviate that refluxes operation.These extraction equipment are keeping the characteristics of traditional decoction technology substantially, have a series of problems such as leaching the fluid coefficient is big, impurity content is high, energy consumption is big, yield is low, lixiviate is thorough inadequately, supernatant separation difficulty.Because reinforced, the discharging of this kind equipment and the control of whole leaching process are so far still based on manually-operated, it is bigger that quality of liquid medicine is influenced by human factor, is difficult to guarantee the quality of tcm product.In addition, also have some producers to adopt the diacolation extracting technology, this technological operation cycle is long, the solvent consumption is big, production cost is high, and still has the essence weakness of traditional extracting technology.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of both energy savings to make just and extracts concentrated difference maintenance high gradient in order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, can quicken the leaching of medicinal material active ingredient, it is more even to extract liquor strength simultaneously, does not have precipitation, slags tap and cleans the traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment of very convenient and production safety.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved by the following technical solution.
A kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment is the Chinese medicine basket that is provided with crack with holes in extractor, is provided with the top cover that can open entirely at the extractor top.
The Chinese medicine basket that is arranged in the extractor stacks at least 2; On the top cover of extractor, be connected with hood-opening device; Described hood-opening device is oil pressure hood-opening device or air pressure hood-opening device, and this oil pressure hood-opening device comprises oil pressure pumping plant, driving oil cylinder and the connecting rod that is linked in sequence, and the middle part of connecting rod is hinged on the pedestal, and the other end and the top cover of connecting rod are hinged; Circulating line on the extract EGR tangentially enters tank body from extractor top along tank body.The utility model extractor is provided with temperature sensor, and this temperature sensor is connected with magnetic valve on the steam pipework; Also be provided with the steam inlet on extractor, this steam inlet can be set directly on the tank body, or inserts by connector on the circulation line of extract EGR.
The utility model is placed the basket in the crack with holes of splendid attire Chinese medicine medicinal material in the inside of extractor, as long as the porosity of basket is determined suitably, both can guarantee the contact lysis that solvent and medicinal material are even, smooth, can guarantee that again the useless dregs of a decoction can not sneak in the soup, make slagging-off simultaneously and clean tank body very convenient.The basket setting takes the multilayer basket to stack, and can reduce the volume and weight of basket on the one hand, is convenient to put into and take out tank body, also the structure basket of available single multilayer.On the other hand, it is blocked up effectively to avoid medicinal material to pile up in basket, and solvent is fully contacted with medicinal material, with the active ingredient in the abundant extraction medicinal material.Top at extractor is provided with the hood-opening device that can open entirely, is convenient to the turnover of basket.Oil pressure or air pressure hood-opening device are set, can realize automatic lid closing/opening easily.Circulating line on the extract EGR tangentially enters tank body from extractor top along tank body, soup is tangentially entered in the tank body, forms eddy flow in jar, quickens flowing of soup, increases the soup mass transfer and improves extraction efficiency.Be connected with magnetic valve on the steam pipework at the temperature sensor that is provided with on the extractor, can control the temperature of extract automatically, cross when low when the extract temperature, magnetic valve is connected, and feeds steam to the extractor heating jacket, the heating extract; And when the extract temperature was too high, magnetic valve disconnected, and stopped to feed steam.Pressurised extraction is provided with the steam inlet on extractor, can in tank body, feed Steam Heating, increase the pressure in the tank body, carry out pressurised extraction, impel solvent between medicinal material, to circulate, dynamically hot reflux makes a jar interior spice remain on certain gradient, and has increased friction wash-out dynamics, has accelerated the dissolving of centering pharmaceutically active ingredient and has leached.
Further set forth content of the present utility model below in conjunction with Figure of description.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a left view of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
As shown in the figure, the traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment described in the utility model condensing unit 1 and oily-water seperating equipment 2, steam pipework 4, extract EGR and the oil pressure hood-opening device that comprise the extractor 3 of band heating jacket 9 and top cover 10, be linked in sequence by pipeline and extractor.Be provided with Chinese medicine basket 11 in extractor, basket 11 is placed on jar interior basket support ring 12, and basket is provided with three, stacks layer by layer.The extract EGR is made of flowmeter 5, circulating pump 6, three-way connection 7 and circulating line 8, and is connected with centre entrance with the outlet at bottom of tank body and forms a closed circuit, and circulating line 8 tangentially enters tank body from extractor top along tank body.The oil pressure hood-opening device is made of oil pressure pumping plant 13, oil cylinder 14 and connecting rod 16 etc., and connecting rod 16 is hinged on the pedestal, and the other end of connecting rod 16 and top cover 10 are hinged.During extraction, extractor top cover and tank body are tight by bolt 17 connection covers.Steam pipework 4 is connected with steam inlet 15 on the extract EGR with extractor heating jacket 9 respectively.Temperature sensor 19 is set on extractor 3, and this temperature sensor is connected with magnetic valve 18 on the steam pipework 4.
The course of work is: oil pressure pumping plant 13 pressurization, drive oil cylinder 14 by petroleum pipeline, and open top cover 10 by connecting rod 16, put into successively in extractor 3 tank bodies with will pack into three baskets 11 of Chinese medicine medicinal material of crane.Subsequently, top cover 10 is closed in 13 pressure releases of oil pressure pumping plant, and by bolt 17 locking top cover and tank bodies.Afterwards, add Purified Water (solvent) in extractor 3, meanwhile, the magnetic valve 18 on the steam pipework 4 is connected, and adds steam in extractor heating jacket 9, the heating extract.When the amount of extract reached requirement, the Purified Water closed electromagnetic valve stopped to add Purified Water.Be installed in temperature sensor 19 temperature of Detection and Extraction liquid at any time on the tank body, when reaching the temperature of regulation, magnetic valve 18 cuts out.The Chinese medicine medicinal material is through after the immersion of short time in the extractor, circulating pump 6 in the extract EGR starts, make the extractor inner liquid medicine when heating is extracted, squeeze into extractor through circulating line 8 and circulating pump 6 circulations, and tangentially enter in the jar along tank body, the eddy flow shape soup that forms begins once more and the medicinal material contact lysis from tank deck, the soup that descends becomes reverse exchange with medicinal material, add and reach dynamic hot reflux effect fast, keep a jar interior spice gradient simultaneously, the realization dynamic circulation is extracted, and is controlled the working speed of circulating pumps 6 by flowmeter 5.The volatility gas that produces in leaching process then enters condensing unit 1 by the pipeline that is connected tank body top, flows into oily-water seperating equipment 2 after the condensation and carries out water-oil separating.According to technological requirement, adopt pressurised extraction if desired, then ball valve 20 is opened, and adds steam in the extractor tank body, improves a jar internal pressure.Circulation is extracted under regular hour, certain temperature, certain pressure, active ingredient that just can maximum acquisition Chinese patent drug.After extraction finished, circulating pump 6 stopped operating, and the ball-valve 21 that is connected on the EGR three-way connection 7 is opened, and soup is discharged, and is passed to next technological process.After soup had been put, 13 pressurizations of oil pressure pumping plant drove oil cylinder 14 by petroleum pipeline, utilize connecting rod 16 to open top cover 10, with crane the basket in the tank body 11 are hung out successively.At last, clean complete equipment.The utility model can all be provided with fast-connecting type cleaning device interface on the pipeline of extractor and soup process, clean so that insert cleaning fluid.
Each pipeline of the utility model is provided with control instrument with device and is connected with by-pass valve control and with control system, can realize the Automatic Control of whole leaching process, quality of production stable and controllable, production efficiency height.
The utility model is to aim at the new equipment that satisfies GMP authentication and produce, compared to prior art, only needs once just to extract and can obtain maximum active ingredient, and the saving production time, and solid-liquid separates easily, and extract is haze-free, and device structure is succinct, is easy to maintenance.The utility model also can be applicable to the extraction process of technical fields such as food, chemical industry, light industry.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment, include the extractor (3) of band heating jacket (9), be arranged at the extract EGR that contains circulating pump (6) and circulating line (8) on the extractor, the condensing unit (1) and the oily-water seperating equipment (2) that are linked in sequence by pipeline and extractor (3), the steam pipework (4) that communicates with extractor heating jacket (9), it is characterized in that, in extractor (3), be provided with the Chinese medicine basket (11) in crack with holes, be provided with the top cover (10) that to open entirely at the extractor top.
2, a kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the Chinese medicine basket (11) that is arranged in the extractor (3) stacks at least 2.
3, a kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is connected with hood-opening device on the top cover of extractor.
4, according to claim 1 or 3 described a kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment, it is characterized in that described hood-opening device is oil pressure hood-opening device or air pressure hood-opening device.
5, a kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described oil pressure hood-opening device comprises oil pressure pumping plant (13), driving oil cylinder (14) and the connecting rod (16) that is linked in sequence, and the middle part of connecting rod is hinged on the pedestal, and the other end of connecting rod and top cover (10) are hinged.
6, a kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the circulating line on the extract EGR (8) tangentially enters tank body from extractor (3) top along tank body.
7, a kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that, extractor (3) is provided with temperature sensor (19), and this temperature sensor is connected with magnetic valve (18) on the steam pipework (4).
8, a kind of traditional Chinese medicine extraction equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that, extractor (3) is provided with the steam inlet, and this steam inlet can be set directly on the tank body, or inserts by connector (15) on the circulation line of extract EGR.
CN 200520022234 2005-01-28 2005-01-28 Chinese medicine extractor Expired - Fee Related CN2762860Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520022234 CN2762860Y (en) 2005-01-28 2005-01-28 Chinese medicine extractor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520022234 CN2762860Y (en) 2005-01-28 2005-01-28 Chinese medicine extractor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2762860Y true CN2762860Y (en) 2006-03-08

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CN (1) CN2762860Y (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100333816C (en) * 2005-01-28 2007-08-29 云南昆船设计研究院 Material of Chinese medicine extracting process and apparatus thereof
CN102172437A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-09-07 昆明旭邦机械有限公司 Efficient extraction device
CN101721837B (en) * 2009-12-29 2011-09-07 武汉科技大学 Leaching equipment
CN103599644A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 无锡合众信息科技有限公司 Device for extracting paeonol
CN106081653A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 山东新华医疗器械股份有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine extraction logistics system
CN106730987A (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-05-31 陈建福 A kind of medicinal material leaching equipment of Traditional Chinese medicine health-preserving production of articles with agitating function
CN112755583A (en) * 2021-01-26 2021-05-07 江西美琳康大药业股份有限公司 Improved generation basket type draws jar system
CN112973175A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-06-18 李艳红 Medicinal material extraction equipment and working method thereof
CN112973176A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-06-18 李艳红 Medicinal material basket type extraction device and working method thereof

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100333816C (en) * 2005-01-28 2007-08-29 云南昆船设计研究院 Material of Chinese medicine extracting process and apparatus thereof
CN101721837B (en) * 2009-12-29 2011-09-07 武汉科技大学 Leaching equipment
CN102172437A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-09-07 昆明旭邦机械有限公司 Efficient extraction device
CN103599644A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 无锡合众信息科技有限公司 Device for extracting paeonol
CN103599644B (en) * 2013-11-22 2015-07-15 无锡合众信息科技有限公司 Device for extracting paeonol
CN106081653A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 山东新华医疗器械股份有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine extraction logistics system
CN106730987A (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-05-31 陈建福 A kind of medicinal material leaching equipment of Traditional Chinese medicine health-preserving production of articles with agitating function
CN106730987B (en) * 2017-02-14 2019-02-12 安徽济人药业有限公司 A kind of medicinal material leaching equipment of the Traditional Chinese medicine health-preserving production of articles with agitating function
CN112755583A (en) * 2021-01-26 2021-05-07 江西美琳康大药业股份有限公司 Improved generation basket type draws jar system
CN112973175A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-06-18 李艳红 Medicinal material extraction equipment and working method thereof
CN112973176A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-06-18 李艳红 Medicinal material basket type extraction device and working method thereof

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C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
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