CN2483085Y - Axial-flow saw blade and concave plate type straw crusher - Google Patents

Axial-flow saw blade and concave plate type straw crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2483085Y
CN2483085Y CN 01237059 CN01237059U CN2483085Y CN 2483085 Y CN2483085 Y CN 2483085Y CN 01237059 CN01237059 CN 01237059 CN 01237059 U CN01237059 U CN 01237059U CN 2483085 Y CN2483085 Y CN 2483085Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
saw blade
bolter
notch board
feeding platform
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 01237059
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
段苗欣
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段苗欣
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Publication date
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Priority to CN 01237059 priority Critical patent/CN2483085Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2483085Y publication Critical patent/CN2483085Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a shaft flow saw blade concave plate grass bar pulverizer which comprises a pulverizer frame (1), a feeding platform (8), an upper lid (11), a crushing roller (13), a separating grid (23), a saw blade concave plate (24), an assemble hopper (31) and a pushing transportation device. The pulverizer frame is a frame structure and the feeding platform is arranged on one side of the upper end of the pulverizer frame. The upper lid is arranged on the upper part of the pulverizer frame and the crushing roller is arranged on upper part of the upper lid which is on the pulverizer frame. The crushing hammer plate seat (17) of the crushing roller is provided with multiple hammer plate (20) which is spiral arrangement. The separating grid and the saw blade concave plate are both arranged on the lower part of the crushing roller. The assemble hopper is arranged on the lower end of the pulverizer frame and the pushing transportation device is arranged on the lower part of the pulverizer frame. The utility model has a reasonable structure and is convenient for motion with a small match power and a complete function.

Description

Axial flow saw blade notch board straw pulverizer
The utility model belongs to the agricultural machinery technology field, and what relate generally to is a kind of axial flow saw blade notch board straw pulverizer.
Along with the continuous reinforcement and the forcing of government of people's environmental consciousness are forbidden, vast farmers recognizes that gradually burning the waste agronomic crop straw not only can cause severe contamination to environment, and is a kind of waste to resource.How to handle annual a large amount of crops standing grain straw that produce effectively, it is turned waste into wealth becomes the something to write home about that urgent need solves in the rural area.At present, the rural area mainly contains the processing method of straw: the method for returning crop stocks to the field, feed processing method.The method of returning crop stocks to the field is by return straw into soil machine straw to be pulverized on the spot, applies the field, increases the fertilizer in soil, improves the drought resisting energy.Because return straw into soil machine body heaviness, carrying is inconvenient, and match power is big, needs 50 horsepowers of tractors to drive, thereby certain limitation is in use arranged; The feed processing method be by pulverizer, grass-remover will have the straw that raise to be worth pulverize or cut up with a hay cutter disconnected, raise livestock.Because per hour production efficiency is between the 11-20 kilogram for every horsepower of hammer crusher, thereby production efficiency is lower, and the straw that hay cutter cuts up with a hay cutter out also will be after Special Equipment flattens could blue or green storage, raise livestock, thereby have function singleness is used inconvenient defective.
The purpose of this utility model promptly produces thus, proposes a kind of reasonable in design, uses convenient transportation, match power is little, production efficiency is high, collect and crush, shred, smash, grind the axial flow saw blade notch board straw pulverizer of function as one.
For achieving the above object, the utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: it mainly is made up of frame, feeding platform, loam cake, pulverizing cylinder, bolter, saw blade notch board group, surge hopper and pusher, frame is a frame structure, its epimere is provided with bearing seat beam, feeding platform column, entablature, the stage casing is provided with saw blade bolter beam, middle support, and hypomere is provided with pusher bearing seat beam, following support, motor cabinet and road wheel; The feeding platform is arranged on frame upper end one side, and its front end is fixedlyed connected with the feeding platform column on the frame, and the lower end is connected with frame by strut; Loam cake is arranged on the top of frame, and the left side, upper end in it is provided with and moves the material deflector, the right is provided with the returning charge deflector; Pulverize the lower position that cylinder is arranged on loam cake on the frame, its main shaft is fixed on the bearing seat beam on the frame, end at main shaft is provided with the cylinder belt wheel, this cylinder belt wheel is connected with motor wheel and pusher wheel respectively by belt, pulverize the hammer panel seat and be connected by fixed head, pulverizing the hammer plate that is provided with the polylith helical arrangement on the hammer panel seat with main shaft; Bolter is a network structure, is arranged on the right of pulverizing the cylinder bottom on the frame after its bending, and an end and entablature are fixedly connected, and the other end and saw blade bolter beam are fixedly connected; Saw blade notch board group is a saw blade shape, is arranged on the left side of pulverizing the cylinder bottom on the frame after its bending, and an end and entablature are fixedly connected, and the other end and saw blade bolter are fixedly connected; Surge hopper is arranged on the bottom of bolter on the frame, and the upper end is communicated with bolter, and the pipe that pushes on lower end and the pusher is communicated with; Pusher is arranged on the bottom of surge hopper on the frame, it pushes axle and is fixed on the bearing mounting by bearing block, the end is provided with pusher wheel, is provided with the push pipe, the right side that push screw feeder and is communicated with surge hopper in the right section that pushes axle and section is provided with blast fan and reaches the blower-casting that is communicated with blower pipe.
The utility model reasonable in design, the cost cost is low, conveniently moving, match power is little, only needs 5.5 kilowatts, adopts common eight above hand tractors, four-wheel tractor can do power source and uses, and is suitable for the popular use in rural area.Because it adopts axial flow saw blade notch board structure, the collection sawing, the pulverizing function such as to smash, grind be one, thereby multiple functional, the production efficiency height, with the flail knife pulverizer than bringing up to 40-50 kilogram/time horsepower by 11-20 kilogram/time horsepower.Can use as field straw crushing and returning to field machine, can pulverize as straw again and do the use of greenfeed machine.
The utility model has following accompanying drawing:
Accompanying drawing 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the utility model side view.
Accompanying drawing 3 is the utility model loam cake internal structure schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 4 is the utility model saw blade notch board structural representation.
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, it is as follows to provide embodiment of the present utility model:
Shown in Fig. 1-2: present embodiment mainly is made up of frame 1, feeding platform 8, loam cake 11, pulverizing cylinder 13, bolter 23, saw blade notch board group 24, surge hopper 31, pusher 39.Frame 1 is a frame structure, and its epimere is provided with bearing seat beam 3, feeding platform column 9, entablature 21; The stage casing is provided with saw blade bolter beam 25, middle support 30; Hypomere is provided with pusher shaft bearing beam 38, supports 44 down, motor cabinet 49 and road wheel 45.Feeding platform 8 is arranged on the upper end of frame 1, front end is fixedlyed connected with the feeding platform column 9 of frame 1 both sides respectively, the rear portion is provided with reinforcing band 7 and strengthens its intensity, both sides are fixed on the safety belt 10 of loam cake 11, bottom at feeding platform 8 also is provided with strut 2, one end of this strut 2 is fixedlyed connected with frame 1, and the other end is fixedlyed connected with reinforcing band 7.Loam cake 11 is arranged on the top of frame 1, is bolted to connection with entablature 21, and the both sides, top in loam cake 11 are provided with moves material deflector 12 and returning charge deflector 26 (as shown in Figure 3).Pulverizing cylinder 13 is made up of fixed head 14, main shaft 15, stiffener 16, pulverizing hammer panel seat 17, bolt 18, hammer plate holder plate 19, hammer plate 20, bearing block 4, cylinder belt wheel 28, it is fixed on the bearing seat beam 4 on the frame 1 by main shaft 15, one end of main shaft 15 is provided with cylinder belt wheel 28 and bearing 27, pulverizing hammer panel seat 17 fixedlys connected by stiffener 16 with main shaft 15, arrangement mode is provided with polylith hammer plate 20 pulverizing on the hammer panel seat 17 in the shape of a spiral, and every block of hammer plate 20 all use nut 18 and hammer plate holder plate 19 to be fixed on to pulverize and hammered into shape in the hammer board slot of establishing on the panel seat 17.Bolter 23 is a network structure, and it is arranged on the right of frame 1, and an end is fixed on the saw blade bolter beam 25 after the brake forming, and the other end is fixed on the entablature 21.Bolter 21 can be designed to different models, is respectively 1.22,1.82,42,142,202 5 kind, uses according to pulverizing to require to change.1.22,1.82 powder have and raise to be worth dried straw or to rise seedling; 42 pulverize also field of straw; 142 crushing maize bars are the field also; 202 pulverize beautiful paddy bar wheat storage breeding feed and fermenting marsh gas material.Saw blade notch board group 24 is a saw blade structure, and it is arranged on the left side of frame 1, forms semi-circular structure with bolter 23.Saw blade notch board group 24 is modified to adjacent two teeth and is provided with in opposite directions by triangle steel drift triangularity sawtooth, is provided with flat blind hole (as shown in Figure 4) in the bottom surface, to strengthen frictional force.After its brake forming, one end is fixed on the entablature 21, and the other end is fixed on the saw blade bolter beam 25, during assembling, hammer plate 20 will stretch in the sawtooth of saw blade notch board 24, and purpose is to form the sawing of standing grain straw when pulverizing the cylinder rotation, crushing process such as smash, grind.Surge hopper 31 is arranged on bolter 23 bottoms of frame 1, it is by poly-material shrouding 29, poly-material slide plate 32, poly-material front and rear panel 33 riveted joint rectangularity conical hoppers, the upper end of this surge hopper 31 is fixedly connected with bolter beam 25 and fixed head 46 respectively, and the pipe 40 that pushes on lower end and the pusher is communicated with.Pusher 39 by blower-casting 34, blast fan 35, pusher wheel 36, push bearing block 37, push pipe 40, push axle 41, push screw feeder 42, head plate 43, blower pipe 47 form, it is arranged on the lower end of frame 1 bottom surge hopper, pushing axle 41 is fixed on the bearing seat beam 38 by pushing bearing block 37, the one end is provided with pusher wheel 36, and this pusher wheel 36 is connected with cylinder belt wheel 28 by belt.Be provided with in the right section that pushes axle 41 and push screw feeder 24 and to push pipe 40, push screw feeder and be arranged on and push on the axle 45, push pipe 40 and be arranged on that to push screw feeder 42 outer and is communicated with surge hopper 31, left end is fixed with head plate 43 welding.Be provided with blower-casting 34 and blast fan 35 in the left side section that pushes axle 41, blast fan 35 is fixed on and pushes on the axle 41, and blower-casting 34 is arranged on the blast fan 35, and it is communicated with blower pipe 47.Also be provided with the power source part of forming by protective cover 48, motor cabinet 49, motor wheel 50 and motor 51 in frame 1 one sides, motor 51 is fixed on the frame by motor cabinet 49, motor wheel 50 is connected with cylinder belt wheel 28 through V belt, belt hood 48 is provided with outside the belt, one end is connected with motor, the other end is connected with frame, and backgauge baffle plate 51 is arranged on the frame both sides, is provided with feeding platform baffle plate 53 between feeding platform lower end and main shaft.
Present embodiment starts driving source motor 51 (hand steered four-wheel tractors more than eight) in use, and motor wheel 50 drives cylinder 28 by the V-belt and rotates.Straw is moved in pulverizing chamber through moving the material deflector through pulverizing cylinder rotation drive straw by 8 feedings of feeding platform, pulverize cylinder 28 its hammer plate 20 under the effect of cylinder belt wheel and forward I point formation extruding to, the sawing of II point, III point hit friction, the IV point separates, the fines part is entered in the surge hopper by bolter, and the coarse fodder part is returned pulverizing chamber through the returning charge deflector and continued to pulverize.Surge hopper is concentrated the fines of separating to send into and is pushed in the pipe, under the drive that pushes axle, pushes screw feeder material is sent into blast fan, and it is stand-by to deliver to long bag 54 inner packings by blower 48 under the effect of parabolic power and wind-force.
Present embodiment only needs pusher, surge hopper are pulled down if need directly with the straw chopping and returning, the straw after pulverizing is directly shed in ground, field get final product, and is very convenient and practical.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of axial flow saw blade notch board straw pulverizer, it is characterized in that: it is mainly by frame (1), feeding platform (8), loam cake (11), pulverize cylinder (13), bolter (23), saw blade notch board group (24), surge hopper (31) and pusher (39) are formed, frame is a frame structure, be respectively equipped with bearing seat beam (3) on it, feeding platform column (9), entablature (21), saw blade bolter beam (25), middle support (30), bearing seat beam (38), following support (44), the feeding platform is arranged on frame upper end one side, its front end is fixedlyed connected with feeding platform column, and the lower end is connected with frame by strut (2); Loam cake (11) is arranged on upper rack, is provided with in it to move material deflector (12), returning charge deflector (26); Pulverize the upper position that cylinder is arranged on loam cake on the frame, its main shaft (15) is fixed on the bearing seat beam on the frame, be provided with respectively the cylinder belt wheel (28) that is connected with motor wheel (50) with pusher (39) at an end of main shaft, hammer panel seat (17) into shape with the pulverizing that main shaft is connected by fixed head (16) and be provided with the hammer plate (20) that polylith is arranged in the shape of a spiral; Saw blade notch board group is a saw blade shape, is arranged on the left side of pulverizing the cylinder bottom on the frame after its bending, and an end and entablature are fixedly connected, and the other end is fixedlyed connected with saw blade bolter beam; Bolter is a network structure, is arranged on the right of pulverizing the cylinder bottom on the frame after its bending, and an end is fixedlyed connected with entablature, and the other end is fixedlyed connected with saw blade bolter beam; Surge hopper (31) is arranged on the bottom of bolter on the frame (23), and the upper end is communicated with bolter, and the lower end is communicated with the pipe (40) that pushes on the pusher; Pusher is arranged on the bottom of surge hopper on the frame, it pushes axle (41) and is fixed on the bearing seat beam by bearing block (37), the end is provided with pusher wheel (36), is provided with the push pipe (40), left section that push screw feeder (42) and is communicated with surge hopper in the right section that pushes axle and is provided with blast fan (35) and reaches the blower-casting (34) that is communicated with blower pipe (47).
2, axial flow saw blade notch board straw pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bottom surface of described saw blade notch board group (24) is provided with flat blind hole (54).
3, axial flow saw blade notch board straw pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feeding platform (8) rear portion is provided with reinforcing band (7).
4, axial flow saw blade notch board straw pulverizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be provided with motor (51) in described frame (1).
CN 01237059 2001-05-19 2001-05-19 Axial-flow saw blade and concave plate type straw crusher Expired - Fee Related CN2483085Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01237059 CN2483085Y (en) 2001-05-19 2001-05-19 Axial-flow saw blade and concave plate type straw crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01237059 CN2483085Y (en) 2001-05-19 2001-05-19 Axial-flow saw blade and concave plate type straw crusher

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2483085Y true CN2483085Y (en) 2002-03-27

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ID=33649916

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 01237059 Expired - Fee Related CN2483085Y (en) 2001-05-19 2001-05-19 Axial-flow saw blade and concave plate type straw crusher

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2483085Y (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102266802A (en) * 2010-06-01 2011-12-07 刘勇 High efficiency and energy saving straw pulverizer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102266802A (en) * 2010-06-01 2011-12-07 刘勇 High efficiency and energy saving straw pulverizer

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GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee