CN2382133Y - Solar photoelectric energy converter - Google Patents

Solar photoelectric energy converter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2382133Y
CN2382133Y CN 99218450 CN99218450U CN2382133Y CN 2382133 Y CN2382133 Y CN 2382133Y CN 99218450 CN99218450 CN 99218450 CN 99218450 U CN99218450 U CN 99218450U CN 2382133 Y CN2382133 Y CN 2382133Y
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China
Prior art keywords
mirror
photoelectric
solar
condenser
utility model
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CN 99218450
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨群发
刘圣勇
孙君曼
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杨群发
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Priority to CN 99218450 priority Critical patent/CN2382133Y/en
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Publication of CN2382133Y publication Critical patent/CN2382133Y/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar energy photoelectric converter, which is composed of a photoelectric plate device and a light collecting device, wherein, the light collecting device is arranged at the lower part of the photoelectric plate device; the photoelectric plate device is composed of a photoelectric cell bracket and a positive and reverse faces receiving photoelectric cell which is arranged on the bracket; the light collecting device is composed of a focal length adjusting rod, a light collecting reflecting mirror, a reflecting mirror adjusting rod, and a reflecting mirror mounting frame. The utility model has the advantages that the utility model has low integration cost and high photoelectricity conversion efficiency, and can use the positive and reverse faces to receive sunlight. The utility model is a photoelectricity conversion device, which is suitable for wide common people.

Description

太阳能光电转化装置 Photovoltaic solar energy conversion devices

本实用新型涉及一种太阳能光电转化装置目前太阳能光电接收装置,都是采用由单晶硅片或非晶硅片组成的光电池接收板组合而成,单靠太阳的正面照射接收太阳能,然后将太阳能转化成电能输出。 The present invention relates to a solar photovoltaic solar photovoltaic conversion devices are currently receiving apparatus is receiving plate by the use photovoltaic cells single crystal or amorphous film composed of a combination, irradiation of receiving solar energy alone front sun and the solar into electrical output. 由于光电池的接收效率低一般约17%,而价格昂贵,所以只是在一些高技术领域应用。 Typically from about 17% due to the low efficiency of the light receiving cell, and expensive, but it is used in some high-tech fields. 在民用领域还没有得到广泛的应用。 In civilian areas it has not been widely used.

为了在民用领域进行应用必须解决以下几个问题:1.提高太阳能的接收效率;2.减小光电板的接收面积;3.降低太阳能光电转化装置的成本本实用新型的目的是提供一种光电转化效率高,成本低可双面接收太阳能的光电转化装置。 For the application in civil field must address the following questions: 1. improve the efficiency of the solar receiver; 2-receiving area of ​​the photovoltaic panel is reduced; 3 reduce the cost of solar photovoltaic conversion apparatus of the present invention is to provide a photoelectric object high conversion efficiency, low cost apparatus may be a double-sided photovoltaic conversion of solar energy received.

本实用新型的技术方类是:一种太阳能光电转化装置,该太阳能光电转化装置由光电板装置和装在其下面的聚光装置构成,上述的光电板装置由光电池支承架和装在支承架上的正、反两面接收光电池片组成,上述的聚光装置包括焦距调节杆,聚光反射镜,反射镜倾角调节杆和反射镜安装架,聚光反射镜的聚焦面与光电板装置之间通过三根焦距调节杆相联,聚光反射镜的背面与反射镜安装架之间通过反射镜倾角调节杆和铰链相联接。 The present invention technique side classes are: a solar photovoltaic conversion devices, solar photovoltaic conversion means by the electro-optical apparatus and mounted thereon below the condensing means constituting the electro-optical device consists of a photocell support frame and mounted on the support rack positive and negative sides of the battery receiving light sheet composition, comprising the above-described apparatus by three converging focal length of the adjusting lever, the condenser mirror, and the mirror mount bar, condenser mirror surface of the electro-optical device focusing mirror reclining focus adjustment lever linked, by a mirror tilt rod and the hinge is coupled between the back surface of the condenser mirror of the mirror mount.

上述的反射镜安装架下方安有太阳能跟综装置,该装置包括固定架、电机、锅轮、蜗杆装置、安装架旋转传动轴、轴承、光强度传感器和光电跟踪控制器。 Above the bottom of the mirror mount with comprehensive security solar apparatus comprising a holder, a motor, round pan, the worm means mount the rotary shaft, a bearing, a light intensity sensor and optical tracking controller.

上述的聚光反射镜上安有加强筋。 An reinforcing rib on said converging mirror.

本实用新型有如下优点:本实用新型采用双面光电池正反两面接收太阳光能技术,单晶硅片或非晶硅片光电池的正面由太阳光直射接收,反面采用聚光反射镜将阳光经聚焦后反射到光电池的背面,经实验证明反射聚焦后的光强度是正面直射光强度的3-4倍,从而提高了光电转化效率,同单面光电板相比,为了达到相同功率,本实用新型可减少光电池数量40%从而可使光电转化装置的成本大大降低。 The present invention has the following advantages: the present invention, both surfaces of the double-sided light receiving solar energy battery technology, single crystal or amorphous silicon front cell sheet of light received by the direct sunlight, the back light using the condensing mirror by after focusing the reflected light to the back surface of cell, the experiment proved that the reflected light intensity is 3-4 times focused direct positive light intensity, thereby improving the photoelectric conversion efficiency, compared with the single-sided photovoltaic panels, to achieve the same power, the present invention It reduces the number of new photocell 40% thereby allowing a photoelectric conversion device greatly reduce the cost.

下面结合附图和实施例对本实用新型作进一步详细说明。 The present invention as described in more detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments. 图1为本实用新型主视图图2为本实用新型俯视图图3为光电板结构示意图图4为图3在AA面的剖视图本实用新型的结构如图1、图2、图3、和图4所示,由光电板装置和装在其下面的聚光装置构成,光电板装置由光电池支承架1和装在支承架上的正、反两面接收光电池片2组成,聚光装置包括位于光电支承架1下面的三根焦距调节杆3,抛物面形聚光反射镜5,反射镜倾角调节杆7,反射镜连接铰链6和反射镜安装架9,聚光反射镜5的背面安有加强筋10,聚光反射镜5装在反射镜安装架9上。 Figure 1 a front view of the present utility new novel 2 a plan view of the photovoltaic panels 3 of the present utility FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of FIG. 3 in FIG. 1, 2, 3, and 4 in a sectional view AA of the surface of the novel structure of the present invention illustrated, made of a photovoltaic panel means and the condenser means mounted thereon below the photoelectric panel means by the photocell support 1 and the positive and negative sides to receive light solar cells mounted on the support frame 2 composed of the condensing means comprises a photoelectric support frame 1 the following three focus adjustment lever 3, the condensing parabolic mirror 5, a mirror tilt rod 7, the hinge 6 connecting the mirror and the mirror mounting bracket 9, the rear surface condenser mirror 5 Ann reinforcing rib 10, a condenser mirror 5 is mounted on the mirror mount 9. 为了使光电转化装置能在强光时刻对准太阳以便将太阳光能最大限度地照射到光电板上,在反射镜安装架9的下部安装了手动式或自动式太阳能跟踪装置,该装置包括固定架19,12伏单相40瓦电动机18,蜗杆16,轴13和光强度传感器21。 For the photoelectric conversion device can be aligned in time to the sun light is irradiated to maximize solar energy photovoltaic plate, the lower mirror mount 9 is a manual or automatic solar tracking device is mounted, the apparatus comprising a fixed 19, 12 V single frame 40 watt motor 18, a worm 16, shaft 13 and the light intensity sensor 21. 太阳能自动跟踪装置中所使用的光电跟踪控制器可选用现有技术。 Photovoltaic solar tracking controller automatic tracking apparatus used in the prior art can be selected.

太阳能自动跟踪装置的工作过程如下:当位于光电板装置上的光强度传感器21接收到弱光信号后,通过光电跟踪控制器22,打开电机18上的开关,使电机18运转带动聚光反射镜5旋转跟踪太阳以便接收到强光,当强光反射到光强度传感器21上时,电机18在光电跟踪控制器22的作用下停止工作,从而使光电板装置固定在某一强光位置进行工作。 Automatic solar tracking apparatus working process is as follows: when the light intensity sensor means positioned on the photovoltaic panel 21 receives weak light signals, through optical tracking controller 22, the motor 18 opens the switch on the operation of the motor 18 to drive the condenser mirror 5 rotates the sun in order to receive the tracking light, when the light reflected onto a light intensity sensor 21, the motor 18 is stopped under the action of optical tracking controller 22, so that the photovoltaic panel operates at a fixed apparatus glare position .

Claims (3)

1.一种太阳能光电转化装置,其特征是:该太阳能光电转化装置由光电板装置和装在其下面的聚光装置构成,上述的光电板装置由光电池支承架和装在支承架上的正、反两面接收光电池片组成,上述的聚光装置包括焦距调节杆,聚光反射镜,反射镜倾角调节杆和反射镜安装架,聚光反射镜的聚焦面与光电板装置之间通过三根焦距调节杆相联,聚光反射镜的背面与反射镜安装架之间通过反射镜倾角调节杆和铰链相联接。 A solar photovoltaic conversion apparatus, wherein: the photoelectric conversion device consists of the solar photovoltaic panel means and the condenser means mounted thereunder constituting the electro-optical device consists of a photocell mounted on the support frame and the support frame of the positive and negative both sides of the receiving sheet composed photocell said converging means the focal length of the adjusting lever comprises, condenser mirror, the mirror tilt rod and the mirror mount, the condenser mirror surface of the photovoltaic panels focusing device adjusts a focal length by three rods linked, coupled between the rear surface of the condenser mirror and the mirror mount by a hinge lever and the inclination of the mirror.
2.根据权利要求1所述的太阳能光电转化装置,其特征是:上述的反射镜安装架下方安有太阳能跟综装置,该装置包括固定架、电机、锅轮、蜗杆装置、安装架旋转传动轴、轴承、光强度传感器和光电跟踪控制器。 The solar photovoltaic conversion apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said mirror mount solar below with comprehensive security apparatus, the apparatus comprising a holder, a motor, round pan, worm gears, rotary drive mount shaft, bearings, a light intensity sensor and optical tracking controller.
3.根据权利要求1所述的太阳能光电转化装置,其特征是:上述的聚光反射镜上安有加强筋。 3. The solar photovoltaic conversion apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: said reinforcing rib Ann converging mirror.
CN 99218450 1999-07-29 1999-07-29 Solar photoelectric energy converter CN2382133Y (en)

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CN 99218450 CN2382133Y (en) 1999-07-29 1999-07-29 Solar photoelectric energy converter

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2009146592A1 (en) * 2008-06-05 2009-12-10 Gu Jieyu A solar cell photovoltaic panel and a light gathering power device having the solar cell phtovoltaic panel
CN101390222B (en) 2006-02-23 2010-06-23 弗里茨·克洛茨 Solar module system of the parabolic concentrator type
CN101127373B (en) 2007-09-30 2010-09-29 南京理工大学 Solar thermal photovoltaic device for frequency division absorption
CN102156341A (en) * 2011-03-01 2011-08-17 孙涛 Reflection board capable of reflecting sunlight by two sides and manufacturing and use method of reflection board
CN108494344A (en) * 2018-04-02 2018-09-04 西安科技大学 A kind of high-efficiency solar automatic tracking system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101390222B (en) 2006-02-23 2010-06-23 弗里茨·克洛茨 Solar module system of the parabolic concentrator type
CN101127373B (en) 2007-09-30 2010-09-29 南京理工大学 Solar thermal photovoltaic device for frequency division absorption
WO2009146592A1 (en) * 2008-06-05 2009-12-10 Gu Jieyu A solar cell photovoltaic panel and a light gathering power device having the solar cell phtovoltaic panel
CN100578819C (en) 2008-06-05 2010-01-06 古捷玉 Photovoltaic plate of solar cell and light collecting electricity-generating apparatus having the same
CN102156341A (en) * 2011-03-01 2011-08-17 孙涛 Reflection board capable of reflecting sunlight by two sides and manufacturing and use method of reflection board
CN108494344A (en) * 2018-04-02 2018-09-04 西安科技大学 A kind of high-efficiency solar automatic tracking system

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