CN220657792U - Smashing device for agricultural waste - Google Patents

Smashing device for agricultural waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN220657792U
CN220657792U CN202322280155.2U CN202322280155U CN220657792U CN 220657792 U CN220657792 U CN 220657792U CN 202322280155 U CN202322280155 U CN 202322280155U CN 220657792 U CN220657792 U CN 220657792U
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box
waste
crushing
base
rotating shaft
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CN202322280155.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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袁宝凤
孙斌县
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of crushing of agricultural wastes, in particular to a crushing device for agricultural wastes, which comprises a box body and a base, wherein hubs are arranged on two sides of the base, the box body is fixedly connected with the surface of the base, a feeding port is arranged above the box body, two rotating shafts are arranged at the upper end of the box body and respectively penetrate through the left side and the right side of the box body, a convex block is arranged on the arc surface of each rotating shaft, a plurality of crushing blades are arranged on each rotating shaft, a spacing column is arranged between the crushing blades, the crushing blades are clamped with the spacing columns and the rotating shafts, a waste box is arranged at the lower end of the box body, the corresponding crushing blades can be replaced according to crops when facing the crop waste, the waste can directly fall into the waste box after crushing, the waste is convenient to process, and meanwhile, the device is provided with a large hub and can directly move and work in a farmland, so that the cost of crushing the waste transported to a designated place is reduced.

Description

Smashing device for agricultural waste
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of crushing of agricultural wastes, in particular to a crushing device for agricultural wastes.
Background
Agronomy is a science for researching the production technology and principle of crops. The method mainly comprises cultivation, breeding, soil management, fertilization, pest control, agricultural implement application, farmland irrigation and drainage, preliminary processing and storage of agricultural products, management and management of agricultural production and the like of field crops, and in the prior art, wastes generated in aspects of agriculture are crushed mostly by using a crushing device, so that the volume of the wastes is reduced, and the subsequent treatment is facilitated.
Meanwhile, the crop straw is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, organic matters and the like, is a precious biomass energy resource in an agricultural ecological system, and has great utilization potential. The comprehensive utilization of crop straws can have several modes. For example, the straw is crushed on the spot and uniformly scattered on the ground surface, or other manure is mixed after crushing to obtain the organic fertilizer. The straw uniformly sprinkled on the surface layer of the soil can reduce the attack of wind erosion and water erosion and reduce the water and soil loss of the soil, on the other hand, the straw can be subjected to the action of bacteria and fungi in the soil, become organic matters in the soil, improve the condition of the soil, loosen the soil in the interaction process and improve the water retention condition of the soil.
The pulverizer has the advantages that the pulverizing blades of the coarse pulverizing and the fine pulverizing are different, the achieved effects are different, the variety of crops is more, and the coarse pulverizing and the fine pulverizing are required according to the actual condition demands of the crops.
The crushing blades of the existing crushing device are fixed, and can only be crushed coarsely or finely, and cannot be replaced, so that the limitation of the crushing device is enlarged, most of crop crushers are used for crushing wastes, and the crushed wastes are not collected in a collecting box, so that the crushed wastes are directly discharged and stacked together, a large amount of time is needed for collecting and cleaning by workers, the existing crushers are inconvenient to move and suitable for fixed places, and only the wastes to be crushed can be transported to designated places, and a large amount of transportation time is consumed in the process.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the technical defects, the utility model aims to provide the crushing device for the agricultural waste, which effectively solves the problems that the crushing blade is replaced by coarse crushing and fine crushing according to crops, is convenient for collecting and cleaning the crushed waste and is convenient for moving.
To achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a crushing device for agricultural wastes, which comprises a box body and a base, wherein the box body is fixedly connected with the surface of the base, a feeding opening is formed in the upper part of the box body, the feeding opening is formed by welding four trapezoidal steel plates, two rotating shafts are arranged at the upper end of the box body and penetrate through the left side and the right side of the box body respectively, a plurality of crushing blades are arranged on the two rotating shafts, a motor is arranged at one end of the rotating shafts, the motor is fixedly connected with one end of the rotating shafts, a knob cover is arranged at the other end of the rotating shafts and is fixedly connected with the box body, a supporting frame is arranged at the bottom end of the motor, the upper end of the supporting frame is fixedly connected with the motor, the lower end of the supporting frame is connected with the base, a discharging opening is formed in the lower end of the box body, and a waste box is arranged in the box body.
Preferably, the arc surface of the rotating shaft is provided with a bump, the middle end of the crushing blade is provided with a hole, the shape of the hole is the same as the vertical section of the rotating shaft, and the crushing blade is arranged on the rotating shaft.
Preferably, a spacing column is arranged between every two crushing blades, the hole of the spacing column is the same as the hole of the crushing blades, and the spacing column is arranged on the rotating shaft.
Preferably, a bearing is arranged in the knob cover, and one end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the inner ring of the bearing.
Preferably, hubs are arranged on two sides of the base, a support column is arranged on one side of the base, and the length of the support column is equal to the length of the hub in contact with the ground.
Preferably, two groups of pulleys are arranged on two sides of the lower end of the waste bin, and the waste bin is in sliding connection with the bottom end inside the bin body.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that: 1. through setting up pivot, crushing blade and interval post, inlay with the pivot because of being equipped with the lug on the circular arc of pivot, the hole of crushing blade just need not to be fixed through the screw rod, crushing blade can not appear controlling the removal by the interval post of installation between crushing blade and the crushing blade simultaneously, only need tear down one by one when needs change crushing blade can.
2. The lower extreme is equipped with the waste bin in the box, and the waste material that smashes just can directly fall into the waste bin in, and workers take out the waste bin can, make things convenient for the workman to collect and clear up it, avoid causing the pollution to the environment, alleviateed people's operating pressure.
3. Through the big wheel hub of base lower extreme, make the device can remove in the farmland, can directly smash in the farmland, avoided the discarded object to remove to appointed place and smash to the cost is reduced, and the device accessible wheel hub and support column support when not removing simultaneously.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present utility model, the drawings that are required to be used in the embodiments of the present utility model will be briefly described below. It is evident that the drawings described below are only some embodiments of the present utility model and that other drawings may be obtained from these drawings without inventive effort for a person of ordinary skill in the art.
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is a side view of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is a side cross-sectional view of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is an internal structural view of the present utility model.
Reference numerals illustrate: 1-box, 2-base, 3-pan feeding mouth, 4-pivot, 5-crushing blade, 6-motor, 7-knob lid, 8-support frame, 9-discharge gate, 10-waste bin, 11-lug, 12-hole, 13-spacer column, 14-bearing, 15-pulley, 16-wheel hub, 17-support column.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present utility model will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present utility model, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the utility model without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the utility model.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, a crushing device for agricultural waste comprises a box body 1 and a base 2, and is characterized in that; the utility model discloses a waste bin, including box 1, base 2 fixed surface, box 1's top is equipped with pan feeding mouth 3, and its pan feeding mouth 3 is established to big-end-up, makes things convenient for the discarded object to drop on smashing blade 5 directly, and pan feeding mouth 3 is formed by four trapezoidal steel sheet welding, and box 1's upper end is equipped with two pivots 4, and two pivots 4 run through box 1 left and right sides respectively, be equipped with a plurality of smashing blade 5 in two pivots 4, and smashing blade 5 and be array horizontal installation on pivot 4, the one end of pivot 4 is equipped with motor 6, the one end fixed connection of motor 6 and pivot 4, and the other end of its pivot 4 is equipped with knob lid 7, and knob lid 7 and box 1 fixed connection, the bottom of motor 6 is equipped with support frame 8, and the upper end and the motor 6 fixed connection of support frame 8, and the lower extreme and the base 2 connection of support frame 8, the lower extreme of box 1 is equipped with discharge gate 9, is equipped with waste bin 10 in the box 1.
The circular arc surface of pivot 4 is equipped with lug 11, and smashes blade 5 middle-end and is equipped with hole 12, and the shape of hole 12 is the same with the vertical cross-section of pivot 4, smash blade 5 is installed on pivot 4, and smash blade 5 between one of them pivot 4 and the another pivot 4 are installed in turn, and leave the gap between the smash blade 5 of installation in turn.
A spacing column 13 is arranged between every two crushing blades 5, the hole 12 of the spacing column 13 is the same as the hole 12 of the crushing blade 5, and the spacing column 13 is arranged on the rotating shaft 4, so as to fix the crushing blade 5 and prevent the crushing blade 5 from moving left and right.
The knob cover 7 is internally provided with a bearing 14, one end of the rotating shaft 4 is fixedly connected with the inner ring of the bearing 14, and consumption is reduced when the motor 6 drives the rotating shaft 4 to rotate.
Two groups of pulleys 15 are arranged on two sides of the lower end of the waste bin 10, when the waste bin 10 is filled with crushed waste, workers can directly pull out the waste bin, and working pressure of the workers can be relieved due to the pulleys 15.
The two sides of the base 2 are provided with large hubs 16, so that the crushing device can move, one side of the base 2 is provided with support columns 17, and the length of each support column 17 is equal to the length of the hub 16 contacting the ground.
Working principle: when the device is used, the device can be moved to a required place, then a worker can replace different crushing blades 5 according to crops, when the crops need to be crushed, two motors 6 are started firstly, the two motors 6 respectively drive two rotating shafts 4 to rotate, the two rotating shafts 4 rotate in opposite directions, then the waste crops can be poured into a feed inlet 3, the waste crops can automatically move between the two rotating shafts 4 under the opposite rotation of the rotating shafts 4, the waste crops are crushed under the cooperation of the crushing blades 5, crushed waste materials of the waste crops directly fall into a waste box 10, a pulley 15 is arranged at the bottom end of the waste box 10, and the waste box 10 can be removed by the worker when the waste box 10 is full of the worker.
Simultaneously, the underframe of the device is provided with two large hubs 16, and the device can be directly moved to farmland operation so as to save the cost of waste transportation.
It should be understood that the above description is only illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present utility model and the technical principles employed. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications, equivalents, variations, and the like can be made to the present utility model. However, such modifications are intended to fall within the scope of the present utility model without departing from the spirit of the present utility model. In addition, some terms used in the specification and claims of the present application are not limiting, but are merely for convenience of description.

Claims (6)

1. The crushing device for the agricultural waste comprises a box body (1) and a base (2) and is characterized in that; the utility model discloses a waste bin, including box (1), base (2), box (1), pan feeding mouth (3) are equipped with in the top of box (1), and pan feeding mouth (3) are formed by four trapezoidal steel sheet welding, and the upper end of box (1) is equipped with two pivots (4), and two pivots (4) run through box (1) left and right sides respectively, be equipped with a plurality of crushing blade (5) on two pivots (4), the one end of pivot (4) is equipped with motor (6), the one end fixed connection of motor (6) and pivot (4), and the other end of its pivot (4) is equipped with knob lid (7), and knob lid (7) and box (1) fixed connection, the bottom of motor (6) is equipped with support frame (8), the upper end and the motor (6) fixed connection of support frame (8), and the lower extreme and the base (2) of box (1) are connected, the lower extreme of box (1) is equipped with discharge gate (9), is equipped with workbin (10) in box (1).
2. The agricultural waste crushing device according to claim 1, wherein the arc surface of the rotating shaft (4) is provided with a bump (11), the middle end of the crushing blade (5) is provided with a hole (12), the shape of the hole (12) is the same as the vertical section of the rotating shaft (4), and the crushing blade (5) is arranged on the rotating shaft (4).
3. An agricultural waste shredder according to claim 1, wherein a spacer (13) is provided between each two shredder blades (5), the holes (12) of the spacer (13) are identical to the holes (12) of the shredder blades (5), and the spacer (13) is mounted on the rotary shaft (4).
4. The agricultural waste crushing device according to claim 1, wherein a bearing (14) is arranged in the knob cover (7), and one end of the rotating shaft (4) is fixedly connected with an inner ring of the bearing (14).
5. The agricultural waste pulverizing device according to claim 1, wherein hubs (16) are provided on both sides of the base (2), a support column (17) is provided on one side of the base (2), and the length of the support column (17) is equal to the length of the hub (16) contacting the ground.
6. The agricultural waste crushing device according to claim 1, wherein two groups of pulleys (15) are arranged on two sides of the lower end of the waste bin (10), and the waste bin (10) is in sliding connection with the inner bottom end of the bin body (1).
CN202322280155.2U 2023-08-24 2023-08-24 Smashing device for agricultural waste Active CN220657792U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202322280155.2U CN220657792U (en) 2023-08-24 2023-08-24 Smashing device for agricultural waste

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202322280155.2U CN220657792U (en) 2023-08-24 2023-08-24 Smashing device for agricultural waste

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN220657792U true CN220657792U (en) 2024-03-26

Family

ID=90337679

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202322280155.2U Active CN220657792U (en) 2023-08-24 2023-08-24 Smashing device for agricultural waste

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN220657792U (en)

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