CN220111158U - Construction waste smashing device - Google Patents

Construction waste smashing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN220111158U
CN220111158U CN202321600493.3U CN202321600493U CN220111158U CN 220111158 U CN220111158 U CN 220111158U CN 202321600493 U CN202321600493 U CN 202321600493U CN 220111158 U CN220111158 U CN 220111158U
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
construction waste
motor
subassembly
box
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Active
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CN202321600493.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈良效
吴正锋
林泳辉
潘荧
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Fujian Bocheng Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Fujian Bocheng Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Priority to CN202321600493.3U priority Critical patent/CN220111158U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a construction waste smashing device, and belongs to the technical field of construction waste smashing. This construction waste reducing mechanism, including smashing structure and adjusting structure, smashing the structure and smashing case, feed inlet, first crushing subassembly, second crushing subassembly, filter component, vibrating subassembly, collecting box and transmission subassembly, the feed inlet with smash the case intercommunication, first crushing subassembly with the second crushing subassembly all set up in smash the incasement, the filter component with it is articulated to smash the case, vibrating subassembly set up in smash the incasement, vibrating subassembly with the filter component laminating, collecting box with smash case sliding connection. In the utility model, the construction waste crushing device is convenient for adjusting the crushing size required by the construction waste.

Description

Construction waste smashing device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the field of construction waste crushing, in particular to a construction waste crushing device.
Background
The construction waste is waste generated in the process of constructing, paving or dismantling various buildings, structures, pipe networks and the like by construction units or individuals, and the construction industry rapidly develops along with the acceleration of industrialization and urban processes, so that the waste is increasingly generated; at present, building construction waste is often crushed and reused, and crushed waste is piled up together, and the reuse is greatly hindered because of different sizes of solid particles.
For this Chinese patent application No. CN202220631057.1, a waste material smashing device for building construction is disclosed, comprising a base, a U-shaped support plate fixedly connected to the upper surface of the base, a smashing box fixedly connected to the upper surface of the U-shaped support plate, and a screening component arranged in the U-shaped support plate, wherein the first screening plate is rotationally connected to the surface of the first rotating shaft; the utility model discloses be favorable to carrying out the multiple screening to the construction waste after smashing, improve this waste reducing mechanism's practicality, be favorable to making the quick slip of waste after first sieve and the second sieve surface smash, avoid smashing the waste after piling up on first sieve and second sieve surface and influence this reducing mechanism to the effect of waste screening.
In the scheme use, the following defects are also present, because the building construction waste types are different, the size demands of the crushing needed by the building construction waste of different types are also different, and because the crushing motor is arranged on one side of the crushing box, the position is fixed, the distance between the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller is fixed, so that the crushing size of the building construction waste is inconvenient to adjust, and the practicability of the device is reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up for the defects, the utility model provides a building construction waste crushing device, which aims to solve the problem that the crushing size of building construction waste is inconvenient to adjust.
The embodiment of the utility model provides a building construction waste smashing device, which comprises a smashing structure and an adjusting structure, wherein the smashing structure comprises a smashing box, a feeding hole, a first smashing component, a second smashing component, a filtering component, a vibrating component, a collecting box and a transmission component, the feeding hole is communicated with the smashing box, the first smashing component and the second smashing component are both arranged in the smashing box, the filtering component is hinged with the smashing box, the vibrating component is arranged in the smashing box, the vibrating component is attached to the filtering component, the collecting box is in sliding connection with the smashing box, the transmission component is arranged on one side of the smashing box, the adjusting structure comprises an electric push rod, a first mounting block and a second mounting block, the electric push rod is mounted in the smashing box, the first mounting block is connected with a movable end of the electric push rod, the first mounting block and the second mounting block are both in sliding connection with the smashing box, and the second smashing component is mounted on one side of the first mounting block.
In a specific embodiment, be provided with the guide subassembly in smashing the incasement, the guide subassembly includes stock guide and dog, the stock guide slope set up in smash the incasement, stock guide one side evenly is provided with a plurality of the dog, the dog slope sets up.
In the above-mentioned realization process, through the setting of stock guide and dog, can conveniently play the effect of buffering to the waste material after smashing, avoid the waste material to strike and damage the filter screen, conveniently make the waste material landing to the filter screen uppermost simultaneously, promoted the utilization ratio of filter screen.
In a specific embodiment, the first crushing assembly comprises a first motor, a first rotating shaft and a first crushing roller, the first motor is mounted on one side of the crushing box, the first rotating shaft is connected with the first motor, the first rotating shaft is rotationally connected with the crushing box, and the first crushing roller is connected with the first rotating shaft.
In the realization process, the construction waste can be conveniently crushed through the arrangement of the first motor, the first rotating shaft and the first crushing roller.
In a specific embodiment, the second crushing assembly comprises a second motor, a second rotating shaft and a second crushing roller, wherein the second motor is installed on one side of the first installation block, the second rotating shaft is connected with the second motor, and the second rotating shaft is respectively connected with the first installation block and the second installation block in a rotating way.
In the realization process, the construction waste is conveniently crushed through the arrangement of the second motor, the second rotating shaft and the second crushing roller.
In a specific embodiment, the filter assembly comprises a frame, a filter screen, a screw and a spring, wherein the frame is hinged with the crushing box, the filter screen is fixed with the frame through the screw, and two ends of the spring are respectively connected with the frame and the crushing box.
In the realization process, through the setting of frame, filter screen, screw rod and spring, can conveniently sieve the construction waste material after smashing, conveniently dismantle the filter screen simultaneously and change.
In a specific embodiment, the vibration assembly comprises a third motor, a third rotating shaft and an eccentric wheel, wherein the third motor is installed on one side of the crushing box, the third rotating shaft is connected with the third motor, the third rotating shaft is rotationally connected with the crushing box, the eccentric wheel is connected with the third rotating shaft, and the eccentric wheel is intermittently attached to the frame.
In the realization process, the filter screen can be conveniently driven to vibrate through the arrangement of the third motor, the third rotating shaft and the eccentric wheel, so that the screening efficiency is conveniently improved.
In a specific embodiment, the transmission assembly comprises a shell, an auger and a transmission pipe, wherein the shell is communicated with the crushing box, the auger is installed in the shell, and two ends of the transmission pipe are respectively communicated with the shell and the feeding port.
In the realization process, through the setting of casing, auger and transfer line, can conveniently drive not screening complete construction waste material and rise, convenient crushing again.
In a specific embodiment, the first mounting block and the second mounting block are provided with sliding blocks on two sides, a sliding groove is formed in the inner wall of the crushing box, and the sliding blocks are in sliding connection with the sliding groove.
In the implementation process, the sliding block is in sliding connection with the sliding groove, so that the sliding of the first installation block and the second installation block can be conveniently limited.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that: through smashing case, the feed inlet, first crushing subassembly, the setting of subassembly is smashed to the second, filter equipment, vibrating subassembly, collection box and transmission subassembly, can conveniently smash construction waste, conveniently promote the effect of screening simultaneously, also conveniently play the effect of buffering to the waste material after smashing, avoid the waste material to strike and damage filter equipment, also conveniently promote filter equipment's utilization ratio, through electric putter, the setting of first installation piece and second installation piece, can conveniently adjust the position of second crushing subassembly, thereby the convenience is adjusted the required kibbling size of construction rubbish, the practicality of device has been promoted.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present utility model, the drawings that are needed in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it being understood that the following drawings only illustrate some examples of the present utility model and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and other related drawings may be obtained according to these drawings without inventive effort for a person skilled in the art.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a construction waste crushing device according to an embodiment of the present utility model;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a construction waste crushing device according to an embodiment of the present utility model;
fig. 3 is a schematic rear view of a construction waste crushing device according to an embodiment of the present utility model;
fig. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a connection relationship between a crushing box and an adjusting structure according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
In the figure: 10-crushing structure; 110-a crushing box; 120-feeding port; 130-a first comminution assembly; 131-a first motor; 132-a first spindle; 133-a first pulverizing roll; 140-a second comminution assembly; 141-a second motor; 142-a second spindle; 143-a second pulverizing roller; 150-a filter assembly; 151-frame; 152-filtering net; 153-screw; 154-spring; 160-a vibration assembly; 161-a third motor; 162-a third spindle; 163-eccentric; 170-a collection box; 180-a transmission assembly; 181-a housing; 182-auger; 183-transfer tube; 190-a material guiding assembly; 191-a material guide plate; 192-stop; 20-an adjustment structure; 210-an electric push rod; 220-a first mounting block; 230-a second mounting block; 240-slider.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present utility model will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present utility model.
For the purpose of making the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present utility model more apparent, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present utility model will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present utility model, and it is apparent that the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present utility model, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, based on the embodiments of the utility model, which are apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art without inventive faculty, are intended to be within the scope of the utility model.
Examples
Referring to fig. 1, the present utility model provides a construction waste crushing apparatus, which includes a crushing structure 10 and an adjusting structure 20.
Specifically, smashing structure 10 conveniently smashes construction waste, conveniently promotes the effect of screening simultaneously, also conveniently plays the effect of buffering to the waste material after smashing, avoids the waste material to strike and damages filter assembly 150, also conveniently promotes the utilization ratio of filter assembly 150, adjusts structure 20 and conveniently adjusts the required kibbling size of construction waste, has promoted the practicality of device.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 3 and 4, the crushing structure 10 includes a crushing box 110, a feeding hole 120, a first crushing assembly 130, a second crushing assembly 140, a filtering assembly 150, a vibrating assembly 160, a collecting box 170 and a transmitting assembly 180, the feeding hole 120 is communicated with the crushing box 110, the first crushing assembly 130 and the second crushing assembly 140 are both disposed in the crushing box 110, the filtering assembly 150 is hinged to the crushing box 110, the vibrating assembly 160 is disposed in the crushing box 110, the vibrating assembly 160 is attached to the filtering assembly 150, the collecting box 170 is slidably connected with the crushing box 110, and the transmitting assembly 180 is disposed on one side of the crushing box 110.
When specifically setting up, be provided with guide assembly 190 in smashing case 110, guide assembly 190 includes guide plate 191 and dog 192, guide plate 191 slope set up in smash case 110 is interior, guide plate 191 one side evenly is provided with a plurality of dog 192, dog 192 slope sets up, wherein, through the setting of guide plate 191 and dog 192, can conveniently play the effect of buffering to the waste material after smashing, avoid the waste material to strike damage filter screen 152, conveniently make the waste material landing to filter screen 152 uppermost simultaneously, promoted the utilization ratio of filter screen 152.
When specifically setting up, first crushing subassembly 130 includes first motor 131, first pivot 132 and first crushing roller 133, first motor 131 install in smash case 110 one side, first pivot 132 with first motor 131 is connected, first pivot 132 with smash case 110 rotation is connected, first crushing roller 133 with first pivot 132 is connected, wherein, through the setting of first motor 131, first pivot 132 and first crushing roller 133, can conveniently smash construction waste material.
When specifically set up, the second crushing subassembly 140 includes second motor 141, second pivot 142 and second crushing roller 143, the second motor 141 install in first installation piece 220 one side, the second pivot 142 with second motor 141 is connected, the second pivot 142 respectively with first installation piece 220 with second installation piece 230 rotates to be connected, wherein, second motor 141 is opposite with first motor 131's rotation direction, through the setting of second motor 141, second pivot 142 and second crushing roller 143, conveniently smashes construction waste.
When specifically setting up, filter module 150 includes frame 151, filter screen 152, screw 153 and spring 154, frame 151 with smash case 110 articulates, filter screen 152 passes through screw 153 with frame 151 is fixed, the spring 154 both ends respectively with frame 151 with smash case 110 is connected, wherein, through the setting of frame 151, filter screen 152, screw 153 and spring 154, can conveniently sieve the construction waste after smashing, conveniently carry out the dismouting to filter screen 152 simultaneously and change.
When specifically setting up, vibration subassembly 160 includes third motor 161, third pivot 162 and eccentric wheel 163, third motor 161 install in smash case 110 one side, third pivot 162 with third motor 161 is connected, third pivot 162 with smash case 110 rotates to be connected, eccentric wheel 163 is connected with third pivot 162, eccentric wheel 163 with frame 151 intermittent type nature laminating, wherein, through the setting of third motor 161, third pivot 162 and eccentric wheel 163, can conveniently drive filter screen 152 vibration, conveniently promoted the efficiency of screening.
When specifically setting up, transmission assembly 180 includes casing 181, auger 182 and transmission pipe 183, casing 181 with smash case 110 intercommunication, auger 182 install in the casing 181, transmission pipe 183 both ends respectively with casing 181 with feed inlet 120 intercommunication, wherein, through the setting of casing 181, auger 182 and transmission pipe 183, can conveniently drive the complete construction waste material of not screening and rise.
Referring to fig. 1, 3 and 4, the adjusting structure 20 includes an electric push rod 210, a first mounting block 220 and a second mounting block 230, the electric push rod 210 is mounted in the crushing box 110, the first mounting block 220 is connected with a movable end of the electric push rod 210, the first mounting block 220 and the second mounting block 230 are both slidably connected with the crushing box 110, and the second crushing assembly 140 is mounted on one side of the first mounting block 220.
When specifically setting up, first installation piece 220 with second installation piece 230 both sides all are provided with slider 240, the spout has been seted up to crushing case 110 inner wall, slider 240 and spout sliding connection, wherein, through slider 240 and spout sliding connection, can conveniently carry out spacingly to the slip of first installation piece 220 and second installation piece 230.
The working principle of the building construction waste smashing device is as follows: when using construction waste reducing mechanism, drive first installation piece 220 and second installation piece 230 through opening electric putter 210 and slide in smashing case 110, thereby conveniently adjust the required crushing size of construction waste, the material gets into smashing case 110 through feed inlet 120, through opening first motor 131 and second motor 141, first motor 131 drives first pivot 132 and first crushing roller 133 and rotates, second motor 141 drives second pivot 142 and second crushing roller 143 and rotate, smash construction waste, the waste after smashing blocks through dog 192 on the stock guide 191, and slowly slide to on the filter screen 152, the effect of buffering is played to the waste after smashing, avoid waste impact damage filter screen 152, simultaneously conveniently make the waste slide to filter screen 152 extreme, the utilization ratio of filter screen 152 has been promoted, through the rotatory of third motor 161 drive third pivot 162 and eccentric wheel 163, through the intermittent type laminating of eccentric wheel 163 and frame 151, conveniently drive filter screen 152 vibrations, and reset through spring 154, the efficiency of sieving has been promoted, the setting up through screw 153 is convenient, the change of screw 153 is carried out the dismouting to the filter screen 152, the complete waste is smashed to the complete screw cap of 170, the complete waste is smashed, the waste is completely crushed through the complete screw cap of the complete crushing effect of smashing, the complete waste is completely crushed through the complete screw cap of the complete filter screen is completely crushed through the complete filter screen's 170.
It should be noted that, specific model specifications of the first motor 131, the first pulverizing roller 133, the second motor 141, the second pulverizing roller 143, the filter screen 152, the third motor 161, the auger 182, and the electric putter 210 need to be determined according to the actual specifications of the device, and the specific model selection calculation method adopts the prior art, so that detailed descriptions thereof are omitted.
The power supply of the first motor 131, the second motor 141, the third motor 161, the packing auger 182, and the electric push rod 210 and the principle thereof will be apparent to those skilled in the art, and will not be described in detail herein.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the present utility model, and the present utility model is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art will readily recognize that variations or substitutions are within the scope of the present utility model. Therefore, the protection scope of the present utility model shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a construction waste smashing device which is characterized by comprising
Crushing structure, crushing structure includes crushing case, feed inlet, first crushing subassembly, second crushing subassembly, filter component, vibration subassembly, collection box and transmission subassembly, the feed inlet with crushing case intercommunication, first crushing subassembly with the second crushing subassembly all set up in smash the incasement, filter component with crushing case articulates, vibration subassembly set up in smash the incasement, vibration subassembly with filter component laminating, collection box with crushing case sliding connection, transmission subassembly set up in crushing case one side;
the adjusting structure comprises an electric push rod, a first mounting block and a second mounting block, wherein the electric push rod is mounted in the crushing box, the first mounting block is connected with the movable end of the electric push rod, the first mounting block and the second mounting block are both in sliding connection with the crushing box, and the second crushing assembly is mounted on one side of the first mounting block.
2. The construction waste smashing device according to claim 1, wherein a material guiding assembly is arranged in the smashing box, the material guiding assembly comprises a material guiding plate and a stop block, the material guiding plate is obliquely arranged in the smashing box, a plurality of stop blocks are uniformly arranged on one side of the material guiding plate, and the stop blocks are obliquely arranged.
3. The construction waste crushing device according to claim 1, wherein the first crushing assembly comprises a first motor, a first rotating shaft and a first crushing roller, the first motor is mounted on one side of the crushing box, the first rotating shaft is connected with the first motor, the first rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the crushing box, and the first crushing roller is connected with the first rotating shaft.
4. The construction waste crushing device according to claim 1, wherein the second crushing assembly comprises a second motor, a second rotating shaft and a second crushing roller, the second motor is mounted on one side of the first mounting block, the second rotating shaft is connected with the second motor, and the second rotating shaft is respectively connected with the first mounting block and the second mounting block in a rotating manner.
5. The construction waste crushing device according to claim 1, wherein the filtering assembly comprises a frame, a filter screen, a screw rod and a spring, the frame is hinged with the crushing box, the filter screen is fixed with the frame through the screw rod, and two ends of the spring are respectively connected with the frame and the crushing box.
6. The construction waste crushing device according to claim 5, wherein the vibration assembly comprises a third motor, a third rotating shaft and an eccentric wheel, the third motor is mounted on one side of the crushing box, the third rotating shaft is connected with the third motor, the third rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the crushing box, the eccentric wheel is connected with the third rotating shaft, and the eccentric wheel is intermittently attached to the frame.
7. The construction waste crushing device according to claim 1, wherein the transmission assembly comprises a housing, an auger and a transmission pipe, the housing is communicated with the crushing box, the auger is installed in the housing, and two ends of the transmission pipe are respectively communicated with the housing and the feeding port.
8. The construction waste crushing device according to claim 1, wherein the first mounting block and the second mounting block are provided with sliding blocks on both sides, a sliding groove is formed in the inner wall of the crushing box, and the sliding blocks are in sliding connection with the sliding groove.
CN202321600493.3U 2023-06-24 2023-06-24 Construction waste smashing device Active CN220111158U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321600493.3U CN220111158U (en) 2023-06-24 2023-06-24 Construction waste smashing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321600493.3U CN220111158U (en) 2023-06-24 2023-06-24 Construction waste smashing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN220111158U true CN220111158U (en) 2023-12-01

Family

ID=88913097

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202321600493.3U Active CN220111158U (en) 2023-06-24 2023-06-24 Construction waste smashing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN220111158U (en)

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