CN219152262U - Shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device and shaft-shaped object processing machine tool - Google Patents

Shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device and shaft-shaped object processing machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219152262U
CN219152262U CN202223519163.XU CN202223519163U CN219152262U CN 219152262 U CN219152262 U CN 219152262U CN 202223519163 U CN202223519163 U CN 202223519163U CN 219152262 U CN219152262 U CN 219152262U
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shaft
shaped groove
shaped object
pushing
shaped
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许惠明
肖荣鑫
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Avitools Suzhou Co ltd
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Avitools Suzhou Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device and a shaft-shaped object processing machine tool, wherein the shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device comprises a V-shaped groove with a fixed position and a single piece feeding mechanism positioned on one side of the V-shaped groove, a linear moving mechanism is arranged on the other side of the V-shaped groove and is connected with a push rod, and the push rod is driven by the linear moving mechanism to reciprocate along the extending direction of the V-shaped groove so as to push the shaft-shaped object of a new V-shaped groove. Compared with the prior art that the power source is arranged at the end part of the V-shaped groove, the pushing mechanism does not need extra length direction installation space when the linear moving mechanism is arranged at the side part, the length of the whole pushing mechanism can be greatly shortened, and the pushing mechanism is particularly suitable for pushing longer shaft-shaped objects.

Description

Shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device and shaft-shaped object processing machine tool
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the field of precision machining equipment, in particular to a shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device and a shaft-shaped object machining machine tool.
Background
In machining of shafts, it is necessary to push the shaft to be machined, which is located outside the machine tool, into the machine tool to effect the machining.
The existing pushing mechanism generally adopts the structure disclosed in the Chinese patent with the issued publication number of CN202556171U, the pushing mechanism adopts a cylinder to drive a push rod to push, and the cylinder is arranged at the end part of the bearing plate, so that the length of the whole mechanism is longer, and particularly when the length of a shaft-shaped object to be pushed is long, the stroke of the cylinder is also required to be set long enough, so that the use scene of the pushing mechanism is limited to a certain extent.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to solve the problems in the prior art and provides a shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device and a shaft-shaped object processing machine tool.
The aim of the utility model is achieved by the following technical scheme:
the shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device comprises a V-shaped groove with a fixed position and a single piece feeding mechanism positioned on one side of the V-shaped groove, wherein a linear moving mechanism is arranged on the other side of the V-shaped groove and is connected with a push rod, and the push rod is driven by the linear moving mechanism to reciprocate along the extending direction of the V-shaped groove so as to push the shaft-shaped object of the V-shaped groove.
Preferably, in the shaft-like object pushing and feeding device, the single-piece feeding mechanism comprises a trough and a jacking mechanism, the trough comprises a bracket, a baffle and a limiting piece which are obliquely arranged, the baffle is vertically arranged, a first gap is kept between the bottom of the baffle and the top surface of the bracket, a second gap is kept between the baffle and the limiting piece, and the first gap and the second gap satisfy that only one shaft-like object can be completely positioned at the second gap; the jacking mechanism comprises a jacking cylinder and a jacking block driven by the jacking cylinder, and the jacking cylinder drives the jacking block to jack a shaft-shaped object which is positioned at the top surface of the bracket and at the second gap to the position above the limiting piece.
Preferably, in the axial object pushing and feeding device, the limiting piece is a triangular prism-shaped rod body, a first side face of the limiting piece facing the baffle is parallel to the baffle, a second side face of the limiting piece is connected to the top face of the bracket, and the lower end of a third side face of the limiting piece is connected to the upper side of one side of the third V-shaped groove.
Preferably, in the feeding device for pushing shaft-shaped objects, the top block is a triangular prism-shaped block, a supporting surface used for supporting the shaft-shaped objects on the top block is an inclined surface, and one side of the inclined surface, which is close to the V-shaped groove, is lower than the opposite side of the inclined surface.
Preferably, in the shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device, the linear moving mechanism is a belt conveying mechanism, a belt of the belt conveying mechanism is connected with a switching block, and the switching block is connected with the push rod.
Preferably, in the shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device, the adapter block is slidably arranged on a guide rail above the V-shaped groove.
Preferably, in the shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device, the linear moving mechanism is a synchronous belt stroke multiplication mechanism.
The shaft-shaped object processing machine tool comprises any one of the shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding devices.
The technical scheme of the utility model has the advantages that:
compared with the prior art that the power source is arranged at the end part of the V-shaped groove, the pushing mechanism does not need extra length direction installation space when the linear moving mechanism is arranged at the side part, the length of the whole pushing mechanism can be greatly shortened, and the pushing mechanism is particularly suitable for pushing longer shaft-shaped objects.
The single-piece feeding mechanism is simple in structure, and can ensure that only one shaft-shaped object is conveyed into the V-shaped groove at each time, so that the feeding stability is ensured; simultaneously, this kind of structure can once only place more wait to process the shaft form thing in the feed bin, is favorable to reducing the frequency that the manual work was reinforced in the silo.
In the single-piece feeding mechanism, the shaft-shaped object can roll into the V-shaped groove along the inclined plane, so that the safety is improved when feeding is avoided.
The linear moving mechanism adopts the synchronous belt multiplication mechanism, can realize longer moving stroke under the condition of shorter length, can control the pushing distance each time according to different requirements, and has better application flexibility.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a shaft-like object pushing and feeding device of the present utility model;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a jack block of the jack mechanism of the present utility model for jack a shaft above a limiting member, with the rectilinear motion mechanism and push rod omitted;
fig. 3 is a side view of a linear motion mechanism of the present utility model employing a belt conveyor mechanism, with the motor driving the drum and the transmission connecting the motor and the drum omitted.
Detailed Description
The objects, advantages and features of the present utility model are illustrated and explained by the following non-limiting description of preferred embodiments. These embodiments are only typical examples of the technical scheme of the utility model, and all technical schemes formed by adopting equivalent substitution or equivalent transformation fall within the scope of the utility model.
In the description of the embodiments, it should be noted that the positional or positional relationship indicated by the terms such as "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. are based on the positional or positional relationship shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience of description and simplification of description, and do not indicate or imply that the apparatus or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in the specific orientation, and thus are not to be construed as limiting the present utility model. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. In the description of the scheme, the direction approaching the operator is the near end, and the direction separating from the operator is the far end, with reference to the operator.
The shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device disclosed by the utility model is described below with reference to the accompanying drawings, as shown in fig. 1, the shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device comprises a V-shaped groove 100 with a fixed position and a single piece feeding mechanism 200 positioned on one side of the V-shaped groove 100, a linear moving mechanism 300 is arranged on the other side of the V-shaped groove 100, the linear moving mechanism 300 is connected with a push rod 400, and the push rod 400 is driven by the linear moving mechanism 300 to reciprocate along the extending direction of the V-shaped groove 100.
As shown in fig. 1, the V-shaped groove 100 and the single piece feeding mechanism 200 are disposed on the frame 500, and the angle between the two plates of the V-shaped groove 100 and the length of the V-shaped groove 100 (the distance between the two ends of the V-shaped groove 100) may be designed according to the needs, which is not limited herein.
As shown in fig. 2, the single-piece feeding mechanism 200 is used to move the shafts 600 thereon into the V-grooves 100 one by one, so as to ensure that only one shaft 600 in the V-grooves 100 is pushed each time.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the single-piece feeding mechanism 200 may be a known feasible structure, and in this embodiment, the single-piece feeding mechanism 200 includes a trough and a jacking mechanism 250, where the trough includes a bracket 210, a side plate 220, a baffle 230, and a limiting member 240 that are obliquely arranged. The bracket 210 may be a flat plate arranged obliquely, preferably, the bracket 210 is a plurality of parallel and obliquely arranged struts, the struts are spaced apart, the shaft 600 is erected on a plurality of struts, and the extending direction of the shaft 600 is perpendicular to the extending direction of the support. The two ends of the supporting rod are also respectively connected with a side plate 220, the two side plates 220 are perpendicular to the supporting rod, and the distance between the two side plates is smaller than the length of the V-shaped groove.
The baffle 230 is a vertically disposed flat plate, and is vertically connected to the two side plates 220, the bottom of the baffle 230 maintains a first gap 260 with the top surface of the bracket 210, and the height of the first gap 260 is slightly larger than the diameter of one of the shafts 600, so that the shaft 600 on the bracket 210 can roll through the first gap 260 under the action of gravity and is blocked by the limiting member 240.
As shown in fig. 1, the limiting member 240 is disposed at the lower end of the bracket 210, the baffle 230 is disposed above the limiting member 240, a second gap 270 is maintained between the baffle 230 and the limiting member 240, the second gap 270 is also slightly larger than the diameter of the shaft 600, and the distance between the top of the limiting member 240 and the top surface of the bracket 210 may be designed according to practical needs, preferably not smaller than the diameter of the shaft 600. So that the first gap 260 and the second gap 270 suffice that only one of the shafts 600 can be located entirely at the second gap 270.
The limiting member 240 may be a plate member parallel to the baffle 230. More preferably, as shown in fig. 2, the limiting member 240 is a triangular prism-shaped rod body, and the extending direction of the limiting member 240 is parallel to the shaft 600 in the bin. The first side 231 of the limiting member 240 facing the baffle 230 is parallel to the baffle 230, the second side of the limiting member 240 is fixed on the top surface of the strut, and the lower end of the third side 232 of the limiting member 240 is engaged above one side of the third V-shaped groove 100.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the jacking mechanism 250 is configured to jack up the shaft 600 located on the struts and at the second gap 270 above the top of the stopper 240 so that the shaft 600 can pass over the stopper 240 and fall into the V-shaped groove 100, and the jacking mechanism 250 includes a jacking cylinder 251 and a jacking block 252 driven by the jacking cylinder, and the jacking block 252 can pass through a gap between the struts so as to jack up the shaft 600. The jacking cylinder 251 is disposed on the frame. Of course, when the bracket 210 is a plate, a hole is formed in the plate for the top block 252 to pass through. The number of the top blocks 252 may be one or more, and is specifically adapted according to the length of the shaft 600, which is not limited herein.
In order to make the shaft 600 lifted by the top block 252 smoothly drop onto the third side, as shown in fig. 2, the top block 252 is a triangular prism-shaped block, the supporting surface 253 on the top block 252 for supporting the shaft 600 is an inclined surface, one side of the inclined surface, which is close to the V-shaped groove 100, is lower than the opposite side thereof, and the inner side 254 of the top block 252, which faces the baffle 230, is flush with the cylinder axis of the lifting cylinder 251, so that the next shaft 600 is prevented from being blocked when the supporting block moves downwards.
The linear motion mechanism 300 may be selected according to the need, for example, in an embodiment, the linear motion mechanism 300 is a linear servo module or a sliding table cylinder. Preferably, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 3, the linear moving mechanism 300 is a belt conveying mechanism, the belt conveying mechanism comprises a frame 310 arranged on a rack, two rollers 320 are arranged on the frame 310, belts 330 are sleeved on the two rollers, one of the two rollers 320 is an electric roller 320, or one of the two rollers 320 is connected with a motor 350 for driving the two rollers to rotate through a transmission mechanism 340, the motor 350 is fixed on the rack, and the transmission mechanism 340 can be a structure formed by a chain wheel and a chain, or can be a gear transmission structure, and is preferably a synchronous belt transmission mechanism 340. The motor 350 is located below the frame 310.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the belt 330 of the belt conveying mechanism is connected to a transfer block 360, specifically, the transfer block 360 is connected to an upper belt section of the belt 330 through a belt chuck 370, and the transfer block 360 is connected to the push rod 400. The adapter 360 is slidably disposed on a guide rail 380 disposed above the V-shaped groove 100, where the guide rail 380 is fixed, and of course the guide rail may be disposed at other feasible positions, so that the adapter 360 may be effectively limited, and the belt 330 is prevented from being impacted greatly during operation.
The push rod 400 may be a cylinder or may be of other possible shapes, for example, it may be a rod body corresponding to the shape of the V-shaped groove 100, the push rod 400 is connected to the adapter through a connecting rod, and a soft protection pad is disposed at the inner end of the push rod 400 facing the shaft 600. In the initial position, the push rod 400 may be located in the V-shaped groove 100, but may also be located outside the outer end of the V-shaped groove 100. The movement stroke of the linear movement mechanism to drive the push rod 400 may be designed according to need, and is not limited herein.
Of course, in another embodiment, the linear motion mechanism 300 may be a synchronous belt travel multiplication mechanism, and the specific structure of the synchronous belt travel multiplication mechanism is known, for example, a structure disclosed in chinese patent with an issued notice CN 207715660U.
Example 2
The embodiment discloses a shaft-like object processing machine tool, which comprises the shaft-like object pushing and feeding device of the embodiment.
The utility model has various embodiments, and all technical schemes formed by equivalent transformation or equivalent transformation fall within the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. Shaft form thing propelling movement loading attachment, including the fixed V-arrangement groove in position and be located the single piece feeding mechanism in V-arrangement groove one side, its characterized in that: the other side of the V-shaped groove is provided with a linear moving mechanism, the linear moving mechanism is connected with a push rod, and the push rod is driven by the linear moving mechanism to reciprocate along the extending direction of the V-shaped groove so as to push the shaft-shaped object of the V-shaped groove.
2. The shaft pushing loading device of claim 1, wherein: the single-piece feeding mechanism comprises a trough and a jacking mechanism, the trough comprises a bracket, a baffle and a limiting piece which are obliquely arranged, the baffle is vertically arranged, the bottom of the baffle and the top surface of the bracket keep a first gap, a second gap is kept between the baffle and the limiting piece, and the first gap and the second gap meet the condition that only one shaft-shaped object can be completely positioned at the second gap; the jacking mechanism comprises a jacking cylinder and a jacking block driven by the jacking cylinder, and the jacking cylinder drives the jacking block to jack a shaft-shaped object which is positioned at the top surface of the bracket and at the second gap to the position above the limiting piece.
3. The shaft pushing loading device of claim 2, wherein: the locating part is the body of rod of triangle prism, the orientation of locating part the first side of baffle with the baffle is parallel, the second side of locating part is connected the top surface of bracket, the lower extreme of the third side of locating part links up in the third the one side top in V-arrangement groove.
4. The shaft pushing loading device of claim 2, wherein: the supporting surface on the top block for supporting the shaft-shaped object is an inclined surface, and one side of the inclined surface, which is close to the V-shaped groove, is lower than the opposite side of the inclined surface.
5. The shaft pushing loading device of claim 1, wherein: the linear moving mechanism is a belt conveying mechanism, a belt of the belt conveying mechanism is connected with an adapter block, and the adapter block is connected with the push rod.
6. The shaft pushing loading device of claim 5, wherein: the adapter block is arranged on a guide rail above the V-shaped groove in a sliding manner.
7. The shaft pushing loading device of claim 1, wherein: the linear moving mechanism is a synchronous belt travel multiplication mechanism.
8. The shaft-shaped object processing machine tool is characterized in that: comprising a shaft-like object pushing and feeding device according to any one of claims 1-7.
CN202223519163.XU 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 Shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device and shaft-shaped object processing machine tool Active CN219152262U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202223519163.XU CN219152262U (en) 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 Shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device and shaft-shaped object processing machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202223519163.XU CN219152262U (en) 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 Shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device and shaft-shaped object processing machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219152262U true CN219152262U (en) 2023-06-09

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ID=86617673

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202223519163.XU Active CN219152262U (en) 2022-12-28 2022-12-28 Shaft-shaped object pushing and feeding device and shaft-shaped object processing machine tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219152262U (en)

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