CN218877200U - Side-changing hoisting type battery replacement station for new energy heavy truck - Google Patents

Side-changing hoisting type battery replacement station for new energy heavy truck Download PDF

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Publication number
CN218877200U
CN218877200U CN202223060272.XU CN202223060272U CN218877200U CN 218877200 U CN218877200 U CN 218877200U CN 202223060272 U CN202223060272 U CN 202223060272U CN 218877200 U CN218877200 U CN 218877200U
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changing
battery
heavy truck
station
changing station
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CN202223060272.XU
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孙正辉
孔超群
牟东
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Suzhou Harmontronics Automation Technology Co Ltd
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Suzhou Harmontronics Automation Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

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  • Arrangement Or Mounting Of Propulsion Units For Vehicles (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model relates to a new forms of energy heavily block car is with side formula of lifting and replacing power station, including the parking platform who trades the power station storehouse body and with trade power station storehouse body parallel arrangement, trade the internal parallel in storehouse and be provided with a plurality of cabinets that charge, it trades the battery package to correspond to place heavily block on the cabinet that charges, the top of the cabinet that charges is installed and is traded electric robot mechanism and transport robot mechanism, transports robot mechanism and installs in trading electric robot mechanism top, when trading the operation to new forms of energy heavily block car among the solution prior art, the position degree of accuracy of getting and putting the battery box is low, greatly reduced trade the problem of electric efficiency.

Description

Side-changing hoisting type battery replacement station for new energy heavy truck
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the new energy automobile field relates to a new energy heavy truck trades hoist and mount formula with side and trades power station.
Background
With the increasing importance of the country on the environmental protection, the electric automobile replaces a fuel vehicle to become a development trend, the heavy truck has a large specific gravity for fuel consumption, and the environment is seriously polluted, so that the development of the electric heavy truck becomes an important part for solving the problem of environmental pollution, the development of the electric heavy truck power exchanging station can improve the service efficiency of the heavy truck, and the development of the heavy truck is promoted. However, the heavy truck has large demand on the electric quantity of the battery, the use efficiency of the heavy truck is influenced by adopting a charging technology, and the use efficiency of the electric heavy truck can be greatly improved by adopting a battery replacing technology.
In the related art, for the battery replacing equipment of a heavy truck, a hoisting type battery replacing mode is mainly adopted, and after a battery box body is hoisted by using a hoisting device, the battery box body is moved to a storage area to be stored and charged.
However, because the battery box is large in size and weight, the requirement on the parking position of the truck is high due to the adoption of the hoisting type battery replacement, when the battery replacement operation is performed, the relative position of the hoisting device and the battery box needs to be manually adjusted, the position accuracy for taking and placing the battery box is low, and the battery replacement efficiency is greatly reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model discloses a solve among the prior art when trading the electric operation to the heavy truck of new forms of energy, the position degree of accuracy of getting and putting the battery box is low, greatly reduced trade the problem of electric efficiency, provide a heavy truck of new forms of energy with the side and trade hoist and mount formula and trade the station.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
a side-changing hoisting type battery changing station for a new energy heavy truck comprises a battery changing station cabin body and a parking platform arranged in parallel with the battery changing station cabin body, wherein a plurality of charging cabinets are arranged in the battery changing station cabin body in parallel, heavy truck battery changing packs are correspondingly placed on the charging cabinets, a battery changing robot mechanism and a transfer robot mechanism are installed above the charging cabinets, the transfer robot mechanism is installed above the battery changing robot mechanism and comprises sliding rails fixedly installed in the battery changing station cabin body and sliding transfer robots erected on the sliding rails, each transfer robot comprises a sliding connecting plate connected with the sliding rails in a matching mode and a lifting mechanism connected with the sliding connecting plate, and a lifting frame and a driving assembly are arranged at the bottom of each lifting mechanism and used for detachably and movably connecting with each heavy truck battery changing pack and driving the lifting frame to move up and down;
trade electric robot mechanism and include that fixed mounting trades electric robot at the removal track of charging cabinet both sides and the translation of relative movement track, trade electric robot and include that moving mechanism, the flexible arm subassembly of connection on moving mechanism and the battery package of connection at flexible arm subassembly tip snatch the subassembly, moving mechanism, flexible arm subassembly and battery package snatch all install drive assembly on the subassembly.
The beneficial effect of this basic scheme lies in: the transfer robot mechanism is used for transferring battery packs in the battery changing station bin body, and the battery changing robot is used for quickly disassembling and assembling the battery packs on the heavy truck.
Further, trade the station storehouse body and choose unsettled baffle outward along length direction's one side middle part, parking platform sets up in unsettled baffle below. Has the advantages that: the suspended baffle plate plays a role in protecting the heavy truck on the parking platform and prevents the damage to the battery pack of the heavy truck caused by wind and rain.
Further, be provided with the steel sheet of mutual concatenation and set up the guide bar in the steel sheet both sides on the parking platform, the steel sheet just is located unsettled baffle below along the length direction who trades the power station storehouse body, and the position department that the heavy truck locomotive of being convenient for parks is provided with the deceleration strip. Has the beneficial effects that: the cooperation of guide bar and deceleration strip is convenient for heavily block the steady accurate berth of car.
Further, a high-power direct-current charger for rapidly charging the heavy truck battery replacement pack is installed in the charging cabinet, and a battery replacement bin door for moving the heavy truck battery replacement pack in and out is arranged on the battery replacement station bin body.
Further, the bottom of the moving mechanism is provided with a traveling wheel. Has the advantages that: moving mechanism can remove along the cabinet both sides that charge through the walking wheel.
Furthermore, a distance measuring sensor for detecting the telescopic length of the telescopic arm component and a displacement sensor for detecting the moving distance of the moving mechanism are also arranged on the moving mechanism. Has the advantages that: the distance measuring sensor can accurately detect the telescopic length of the telescopic arm in the telescopic arm component; the displacement sensor can accurately measure whether the moving mechanism moves to the corresponding heavy truck battery pack replacement potential, so that the battery replacement robot can perform accurate battery replacement actions conveniently.
Further, a strong wind circulation assembly, a fire extinguisher assembly and an alarm for alarming and reminding an over-high temperature condition are arranged in the battery replacement station bin body.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
1. the utility model discloses a new forms of energy heavily blocks car with side and trade hoist and mount formula and trade power station, set up about trading power station storehouse internal and transport robot mechanism and trade electric robot mechanism, it is used for trading the transportation of power station storehouse internal battery package to transport robot mechanism, trade the quick assembly disassembly who electric robot is used for heavily blocking the car and goes up the battery package and change, can realize heavily blocking the quick repacking of car upper battery package through the cooperation of transporting robot mechanism and trade electric robot mechanism, the driver need not wait for a long time, trade the efficient and structural layout compactness of electricity.
2. The utility model discloses a new forms of energy heavily block car is with side and trades hoist and mount formula and trade the station, the truck driver change the battery package at every turn and only need park the heavily block car in the assigned position, can shift the insufficient voltage battery package simultaneously fast through the cooperation of transporting robot mechanism and trading electric robot mechanism and transport to come to change for heavily block car fast fully electric battery package, and the battery package trades the electrical efficiency height.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by the specification which follows.
Drawings
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a side-changing hoisting type power changing station for a new energy heavy truck;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the side-changing and hoisting type power changing station for the new energy heavy truck of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the present invention in FIG. 2;
fig. 4 is a top view of fig. 2 according to the present invention.
Reference numerals: trade power station storehouse body 1, transport robot mechanism 2, slip track 21, transport robot 22, sliding connection board 23, hoist mechanism 24, trade electric robot mechanism 3, move track 31, trade electric robot 32, walking wheel 33, moving mechanism 34, telescopic arm component 35, battery package snatch subassembly 36, parking platform 4, steel sheet 41, guide bar 42, unsettled baffle 5, the cabinet 6 that charges.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention is provided for illustrative purposes, and other advantages and effects of the present invention will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the disclosure herein. The present invention can also be implemented or applied through other different specific embodiments, and various details in the present specification can be modified or changed based on different viewpoints and applications without departing from the spirit of the present invention. It should be noted that the drawings provided in the following embodiments are only for illustrating the basic idea of the present invention, and the features in the following embodiments and examples may be combined with each other without conflict.
Wherein the showings are for the purpose of illustrating the invention only and not for the purpose of limiting the same, and in which there is shown by way of illustration only and not in any way limiting the scope of the invention; for a better understanding of the embodiments of the present invention, some parts of the drawings may be omitted, enlarged or reduced, and do not represent the size of an actual product; it will be understood by those skilled in the art that certain well-known structures in the drawings and descriptions thereof may be omitted.
The same or similar reference numerals in the drawings of the embodiments of the present invention correspond to the same or similar parts; in the description of the present invention, it should be understood that if there are terms such as "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "back", etc., indicating directions or positional relationships based on the directions or positional relationships shown in the drawings, it is only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but it is not intended to indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific direction, be constructed and operated in a specific direction, and therefore, the terms describing the positional relationships in the drawings are only used for illustrative purposes and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention, and those skilled in the art can understand the specific meanings of the terms according to specific situations.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the side-changing hoisting type power changing station for the new energy heavy truck comprises a power changing station cabin body 1, wherein the power changing station cabin body 1 can be an integrated frame or a split structure formed by stacking and transforming an upper container and a lower container. The middle part of one side of the power station changing bin body 1 along the length direction is provided with a suspended baffle 5, and a parking platform 4 for a heavy truck to pass through is arranged below the suspended baffle 5.
Set up the mutual steel sheet 41 of splicing along length direction and set up the guide bar 42 in steel sheet 41 both sides on parking platform 4, steel sheet 41 just is located unsettled baffle 5 below along the length direction who trades power station storehouse body 1, and the position department that the heavy truck locomotive of being convenient for parks is provided with the deceleration strip.
A plurality of charging cabinets 6 are arranged in parallel in the power changing station cabin body 1, heavy-duty battery changing packages are correspondingly placed on the charging cabinets 6, a high-power direct-current charger for quickly charging the heavy-duty battery changing packages is installed in the charging cabinets 6, a battery changing door for moving in and out the heavy-duty battery changing packages is arranged on the power changing station cabin body 1, a battery changing robot mechanism 3 and a transfer robot mechanism 2 are installed above the charging cabinets 6, the transfer robot mechanism 2 is installed above the battery changing robot mechanism 3, the transfer robot mechanism 2 comprises a sliding rail 21 fixedly installed in the power changing station cabin body 1 and a sliding transfer robot 22 erected on the sliding rail 21, the transfer robot 22 comprises a sliding connecting plate 23 connected with the sliding rail 21 in a matching manner and a lifting mechanism 24 connected with the sliding connecting plate 23, a lifting frame detachably and movably connected with each heavy-duty battery changing package and a driving assembly for driving the lifting frame to move up and down are arranged at the bottom of the lifting mechanism 24, and the driving assembly is a hydraulic motor.
The battery replacing robot mechanism 3 comprises a moving track 31 fixedly installed on two sides of the charging cabinet 6 and a battery replacing robot 32 which translates relative to the moving track 31, and the battery replacing robot 32 translates along the moving track 31 through a traveling wheel 33. The battery replacement robot 32 comprises a moving mechanism 34, a telescopic arm assembly 35 connected to the moving mechanism 34 and a battery pack grabbing assembly 36 connected to the end portion of the telescopic arm assembly 35, driving assemblies are mounted on the moving mechanism 34, the telescopic arm assembly 35 and the battery pack grabbing assembly 36, and the driving assemblies are hydraulic motors. The walking wheels 33 are installed at the bottom of the moving mechanism 34, the moving mechanism 34 can move along two sides of the charging cabinet 6 through the walking wheels 33, the moving mechanism 34 is of a frame structure formed by four parallel supporting rods, and the walking wheels 33 are fixedly installed at four corners of the supporting rods of the frame moving mechanism 34. The telescopic arm assembly 35 is a telescopic arm parallel to the width direction of the battery changing station cabin body 1, a lifting device is installed at the end part of the telescopic arm, the lifting device is connected with a battery pack grabbing assembly 36, the battery pack grabbing assembly 36 can grab a battery pack needing to be replaced on a heavy truck, and the battery pack grabbing assembly is moved after being lifted by the lifting device, so that the battery pack of the heavy truck can be replaced quickly.
Still install the range finding sensor that is used for detecting telescopic arm component 35 flexible length and the displacement sensor that is used for detecting movable mechanism 34 displacement distance on the moving mechanism 34, the range finding sensor can be for acting as go-between sensor, and the stay cord of acting as go-between sensor is connected with telescopic arm component 35, and at the flexible in-process of telescopic arm component 35, the stay cord of range finding sensor is flexible along with telescopic arm component 35, reaches the effect of the flexible length of telescopic arm in the accurate detection telescopic arm component 35. The displacement sensor can accurately measure whether the moving mechanism 34 moves to the corresponding heavy truck battery pack replacement potential, so that the battery replacement robot 32 can execute accurate battery replacement action conveniently.
The power station storage cabin body 1 is also internally provided with a strong wind circulating assembly and a fire extinguisher assembly and further comprises an alarm for alarming and reminding the overhigh temperature condition.
When the novel energy heavy truck is used in a side-changing hoisting type battery changing station, a heavy truck driver stops a new energy heavy truck on a parking platform 4, the position where a battery pack needs to be changed is aligned to a battery changing door of a battery changing station cabin body 1, a transfer robot 22 moves along a sliding rail 21 in a translation mode to move a battery pack on the front side of the battery changing door away to leave a vacant position, then the battery pack on the rear side of the battery changing door is changed into a full-power battery pack, a battery changing robot 32 drives a telescopic arm to the position of the battery pack of the heavy truck, then a battery pack grabbing component 36 is driven to move downwards to take out a power-deficient battery pack on the heavy truck and move to the inside of the battery changing station cabin body 1, the battery pack vacant position on the front side of the battery changing door is placed in a replacement mode along with the translation of the telescopic arm, then the full-power battery pack on the rear side of the battery changing door is translated to the battery changing door to further move outwards to the upper side of the heavy truck through the translation of the telescopic arm, and the battery pack component 36 moves downwards to replace the full-power battery pack on the heavy truck.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting, and although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that the technical solutions of the present invention can be modified or substituted by equivalents without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions, which should be covered by the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A side-changing hoisting type battery changing station for a new energy heavy truck is characterized by comprising a battery changing station cabin body and a parking platform arranged in parallel with the battery changing station cabin body, wherein a plurality of charging cabinets are arranged in the battery changing station cabin body in parallel, heavy truck battery changing packs are correspondingly placed on the charging cabinets, a battery changing robot mechanism and a transfer robot mechanism are installed above the charging cabinets, the transfer robot mechanism is installed above the battery changing robot mechanism and comprises a sliding rail fixedly installed in the battery changing station cabin body and a sliding transfer robot erected on the sliding rail, the transfer robot comprises a sliding connecting plate connected with the sliding rail in a matching manner and a lifting mechanism connected with the sliding connecting plate, and a lifting frame and a driving assembly for driving the lifting frame to move up and down are arranged at the bottom of the lifting mechanism and detachably and movably connected with each heavy truck battery changing pack;
trade electric robot mechanism and include that fixed mounting trades electric robot at the removal track of charging cabinet both sides and the translation of relative movement track, trade electric robot and include that moving mechanism, the flexible arm subassembly of connection on moving mechanism and the battery package of connection at flexible arm subassembly tip snatch the subassembly, moving mechanism, flexible arm subassembly and battery package snatch all install drive assembly on the subassembly.
2. The side-changing and hoisting type power changing station for the heavy truck as claimed in claim 1, wherein a suspending baffle is cantilevered from the middle of one side of the power changing station cabin body along the length direction, and the parking platform is arranged below the suspending baffle.
3. The side-changing and hoisting type power changing station for heavy trucks as claimed in claim 2, wherein the parking platform is provided with steel plates which are spliced with each other and guide rods arranged on two sides of the steel plates, the steel plates are located below the suspension baffle along the length direction of the power changing station cabin body, and a deceleration strip is arranged at a position where the head of the heavy truck can be conveniently parked.
4. The side-changing hanging type battery changing station for the heavy truck as recited in claim 1, wherein a high-power direct current charger for rapidly charging the heavy truck battery changing pack is installed in the charging cabinet, and a battery changing bin door for moving in and out the heavy truck battery changing pack is opened on a battery changing station bin body.
5. The heavy truck automobile side-changing hoisting type power changing station as claimed in claim 1, wherein a traveling wheel is mounted at the bottom of the moving mechanism.
6. The heavy truck is with side changing hoist and mount formula power station of claim 1, characterized in that, still install the range finding sensor that is used for detecting telescopic arm subassembly flexible length and be used for detecting the displacement sensor of moving mechanism displacement on the moving mechanism.
7. The side-changing and hoisting type power changing station for the heavy truck as claimed in claim 1, wherein a strong wind circulation assembly, a fire extinguisher assembly and an alarm for alarming and reminding an over-temperature condition are arranged in a bin body of the power changing station.
CN202223060272.XU 2022-11-17 2022-11-17 Side-changing hoisting type battery replacement station for new energy heavy truck Active CN218877200U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202223060272.XU CN218877200U (en) 2022-11-17 2022-11-17 Side-changing hoisting type battery replacement station for new energy heavy truck

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202223060272.XU CN218877200U (en) 2022-11-17 2022-11-17 Side-changing hoisting type battery replacement station for new energy heavy truck

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CN218877200U true CN218877200U (en) 2023-04-18

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116354242A (en) * 2023-05-25 2023-06-30 北京玖行智研交通科技有限公司 Hoisting method for battery box of battery replacement and battery replacement station
CN117162969A (en) * 2023-07-18 2023-12-05 北京玖行智研交通科技有限公司 Electric truck trades electric system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116354242A (en) * 2023-05-25 2023-06-30 北京玖行智研交通科技有限公司 Hoisting method for battery box of battery replacement and battery replacement station
CN116354242B (en) * 2023-05-25 2023-09-22 北京玖行智研交通科技有限公司 Hoisting method for battery box of battery replacement and battery replacement station
CN117162969A (en) * 2023-07-18 2023-12-05 北京玖行智研交通科技有限公司 Electric truck trades electric system

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