CN214355625U - Power conversion station - Google Patents

Power conversion station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214355625U
CN214355625U CN202120326028.XU CN202120326028U CN214355625U CN 214355625 U CN214355625 U CN 214355625U CN 202120326028 U CN202120326028 U CN 202120326028U CN 214355625 U CN214355625 U CN 214355625U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
battery
trolley
vehicle
locking
replaced
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Active
Application number
CN202120326028.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金伟
戴有发
孙庆
袁丹
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Bozhon Precision Industry Technology Co Ltd
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Bozhon Precision Industry Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202120326028.XU priority Critical patent/CN214355625U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of electric vehicle battery replacement, and discloses a battery replacement station, which comprises a battery compartment, a first positioning device, a second positioning device, a first conveying device, a second conveying device and a carrying device, wherein the first positioning device can position a vehicle to be replaced and lift the vehicle to be replaced by wheels; the second positioning device can position the vehicle to be replaced and lift the vehicle to be replaced by the chassis; the first conveying device comprises a first conveying line and a first trolley, and the first conveying line extends between the battery bin and the first positioning device; the second conveying device comprises a second conveying line and a second trolley, and the second conveying line extends between the battery bin and the second positioning device; the first trolley and the second trolley can be respectively provided with a locking and unlocking device for dismounting the battery pack of the vehicle to be replaced; the handling device is configured to provide the battery pack to the first cart and the second cart handling. The utility model provides a trade power station is suitable for and trades the electric motor car operation for the difference.

Description

Power conversion station
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an electric motor car trades electric technical field, especially relates to a trade power station.
Background
The charging of the power battery of the electric vehicle generally takes several hours, during which the electric vehicle cannot be used. In order to solve the problem, a plurality of electric automobile manufacturers have developed vehicles capable of replacing power batteries, wherein a detachable battery pack is arranged on a chassis of the vehicle, and meanwhile, a battery replacing station becomes an important supporting facility capable of replacing the battery pack for the electric automobile so that the electric automobile can be used uninterruptedly.
The existing battery replacing station generally comprises a battery bin, a positioning device, a conveying device, a carrying device and the like, wherein the positioning device is arranged at a parking platform of the battery replacing station and used for positioning a vehicle to be replaced to a standard position suitable for battery replacing operation, the conveying device comprises a conveying line (such as a linear rail) and a trolley, a locking and unlocking device matched with a battery replacing vehicle type corresponding to the battery replacing station is arranged on the trolley, the locking and unlocking device can be used for detaching a power-deficient battery on the vehicle and conveying the power-deficient battery pack to the carrying device for receiving, the carrying device conveys the power-deficient battery pack to the battery bin, then a fully charged battery stored in the battery bin is switched to a locking and unlocking mechanism, and the locking and unlocking mechanism then loads the fully charged battery into the vehicle.
Because the electric motor car chassis height of the different motorcycle types of production of different electric motor car manufacturers even of same electric motor car manufacturer at present, intensity is different, lift the position when trading the electric power operation and be injectd for tire or chassis, and the battery package shape that the electric motor car of different motorcycle types adopted, size and unblock mode differ, make current trade the station only be suitable for same motorcycle type, or adopt the electric motor car of the battery package of the same type, not only promoted the construction cost who trades the station, often the electric motor car owner trades the power and trades the parking charge nearby because of being reluctant to far to be sent to the supporting power station of trading, greatly reduced trade the practicality of station.
Therefore, the above problems need to be solved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a trade power station, should trade the electric motor car that the power station can be compatible different and trade the electric operation.
To achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical proposal:
a power swapping station comprising a battery compartment for storing a battery pack, the power swapping station further comprising:
the first positioning device comprises a first positioning mechanism capable of positioning wheels of the vehicle to be replaced, and the first positioning mechanism can support the wheels of the vehicle to be replaced and lift the vehicle to be replaced;
the second positioning device is arranged in parallel with the first positioning device and comprises a second positioning mechanism capable of positioning wheels of the vehicle to be replaced and a lifting mechanism capable of supporting a chassis of the vehicle to be replaced and lifting the vehicle to be replaced;
the first conveying device comprises a first conveying line and a first trolley capable of moving along the first conveying line, and the first conveying line extends between the battery bin and the first positioning device;
the second conveying device comprises a second conveying line and a second trolley capable of moving along the second conveying line, and the second conveying line extends between the battery bin and the second positioning device; the first trolley and the second trolley can be respectively provided with a locking and unlocking device for dismounting a battery pack for a vehicle to be replaced; and
a handling device configured to handle battery packs between the battery compartment and the first cart and between the battery compartment and the second cart.
Preferably, the power swapping station further includes:
the tool bin is configured to store a plurality of locking and unlocking devices, the locking and unlocking devices are suitable for disassembling and assembling battery packs for different electric vehicles to be replaced, and the carrying device is further configured to carry the locking and unlocking devices between the tool bin and the first trolley and between the tool bin and the second trolley.
Preferably, the tool cartridge comprises:
the tool bin comprises a plurality of bin frames, each bin frame can store a locking and unlocking device, and the conveying line extends into each bin frame;
the carrying device comprises a lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism is arranged in each bin frame, and the lifting mechanism is configured to lift the locking and unlocking device on the trolley positioned in the bin frame away from the trolley when being lifted, or place the locking and unlocking device loaded on the trolley on the lifting mechanism when being lowered.
Preferably, the battery compartment comprises a ground falling compartment arranged on the ground and an elevating compartment arranged above the compartment frame.
Preferably, a plurality of the bin frames are arranged on two sides of the first positioning device and/or the second positioning device.
Preferably, the power conversion station further comprises an expanding tool bin, the expanding tool bin is configured to store the locking and unlocking device, and the conveying device can convey the locking and unlocking device between the expanding tool bin and the tool bin and between the expanding tool bin and the first trolley and/or the second trolley.
Preferably, the expanding tool bin comprises a plurality of partition layers arranged in the vertical direction, and the locking and unlocking device can be placed in each partition layer.
Preferably, the battery replacement station further comprises a charging device, and the charging device can charge the battery pack stored in the battery bin and having a power shortage.
Preferably, the power swapping station further comprises an identification device configured to identify a vehicle to be swapped entering the power swapping station.
Preferably, the battery replacement station further includes a guiding device configured to guide a vehicle to be replaced into the first positioning device or the second positioning device based on a result of the identification by the identification device.
The utility model has the advantages that:
the utility model provides a trade power station, should trade the power station and do and adopt the multiple unlocking device that adds that is suitable for waiting to trade electric vehicle dismouting battery package for the difference through the replacement, realize trading the electricity operation to different grade type vehicles, trade the vehicle that the electricity platform reposition of redundant personnel adopted the different modes of lifting simultaneously through two, can simplify the bearing structure who trades electricity platform department. And the problem that the vehicle which needs to be lifted by the supporting wheels cannot be replaced due to the fact that the width of the vehicle exceeds the size of the lifting mechanisms arranged on the two sides of the battery replacing platform is not suitable for the vehicle type. Meanwhile, the two positioning devices of the battery replacement station can be respectively suitable for lifting the vehicle by adopting the supporting wheels and the chassis, and the compatibility is good.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a power swapping station in the first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a power swapping station in the second embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure:
1. a battery replacement platform; 2. a battery compartment; 3. a positioning device; 4. a first positioning device; 5. a second positioning device; 6. a conveying device; 61. a conveying line; 62. a trolley; 7. a first conveying device; 71. a first conveyor line; 72. a first carriage; 8. a second conveying device; 81. a second conveyor line; 82. a second carriage; 9. a carrying device; 91. a stacker crane; 10. locking and unlocking devices; 11. a charging device; 12. a tool magazine; 121. a bin rack; 13. and expanding the tool bin.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. It is to be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not limiting of the invention. It should be further noted that, for the convenience of description, only some of the structures related to the present invention are shown in the drawings, not all of the structures.
In the description of the present invention, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "connected," "connected," and "fixed" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning permanently connected, detachably connected, or integral to one another; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
In the present disclosure, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may comprise direct contact between the first and second features, or may comprise contact between the first and second features not directly. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
In the description of the present embodiment, the terms "upper", "lower", "right", etc. are used in an orientation or positional relationship based on that shown in the drawings only for convenience of description and simplicity of operation, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used only for descriptive purposes and are not intended to have a special meaning.
Example one
The present embodiment provides a battery replacement station that is preferably an electric vehicle supporting facility loaded by a movable container and configured to be suitable for a battery pack replacement operation (i.e., a battery replacement operation) for an electric vehicle.
Referring to fig. 1, the battery replacing station includes a battery replacing platform 1, the battery replacing platform 1 is formed at a middle section or an end of a container, and a battery compartment 2, a positioning device 3, a conveying device 6, a carrying device 9, and the like are further disposed in the container, wherein the battery compartment 2 is configured to store a battery pack (not shown in the figure); the positioning device 3 is arranged at the battery replacing platform 1 and is configured to position the to-be-replaced vehicle parked thereon to a preset position and lift the to-be-replaced vehicle; the conveying device 6 comprises a conveying line 61 extending between the battery bin 2 and the positioning device 3 and a trolley 62 capable of moving along the conveying line 61, after the to-be-replaced vehicle is lifted by the positioning device 3, the trolley 62 and a locking and unlocking device 10 which is arranged on the trolley 62 and can be used for dismounting and mounting a battery pack for the to-be-replaced vehicle can move to the lower part of the vehicle along the conveying line 61, and then the specific battery replacing steps of dismounting a power-shortage battery pack and mounting a fully-charged battery pack are carried out; the carrying device 9 is configured to carry the battery pack between the battery compartment 2 and the trolley 62, so as to carry the insufficient-power battery pack conveyed by the trolley 62 to the battery compartment 2 during the battery replacement process, and to hand over the full-power battery pack in the battery compartment 2 to the trolley 62.
In this embodiment, the battery compartment 2 may be provided in plural, and each battery compartment 2 may be provided with plural partitions to store plural batteries. In the plurality of battery compartments 2, one battery pack may be placed in a unified manner in the plurality of battery compartments 2, or different battery packs may be placed in each interlayer of each battery compartment 2. The handling device 9 may include a stacker 91 having a fork arm capable of translating, stretching and lifting, and the stacker 91 may selectively fork and handle the battery packs based on information of the battery packs placed in each battery compartment 2 and the inner interlayers thereof. Further, the battery replacement station may further include a charging device 11, and the charging device 11 may charge the battery pack stored in the battery compartment 2 with a power shortage through the charging interfaces arranged at the respective battery compartments 2, so that the battery replacement station may continuously operate to provide a full-charge battery pack.
As described above, one locking and unlocking device 10 can only be applied to the same type of battery pack, and therefore, in order to enable the battery replacement station to be compatible with the battery replacement operations of battery packs of different shapes, sizes and unlocking modes adopted by electric vehicles of different models produced by the same electric vehicle manufacturer and even electric vehicles produced by different electric vehicle manufacturers, in this embodiment, the battery replacement station further includes a tool bin 12, the tool bin 12 is configured to store a plurality of locking and unlocking devices 10, the plurality of locking and unlocking devices 10 are suitable for dismounting and mounting battery packs for different vehicles to be replaced, and the carrying device 9 is further configured to carry the locking and unlocking devices 10 between the tool bin 12 and the trolley 62.
When a vehicle to be switched drives into the switching platform 1 of the switching station, if the locking and unlocking device 10 placed on the trolley 62 is just matched with the battery pack of the vehicle, the switching operation steps are directly executed, and when the locking and unlocking device 10 placed on the trolley 62 is not matched with the battery pack of the vehicle, the trolley 62 hands over the locking and unlocking device 10 placed on the trolley 62 to the carrying device 9, and after the carrying device 9 receives the non-matched locking and unlocking device 10 to the tool bin 12, the suitable locking and unlocking device 10 is collected from the tool bin 12 and placed on the trolley 62, so that the subsequent switching operation steps are executed. As can be seen from the above, the battery replacement station replaces a plurality of locking and unlocking devices 10 suitable for disassembling and assembling battery packs for different vehicles to be replaced, so as to realize battery replacement operation for different types of vehicles.
It can be understood that, in order to enable the power exchanging station to operate automatically, the power exchanging station should include a control system (not shown in the figure), the control system may include an identification device (not shown in the figure) for identifying information of a vehicle to be exchanged entering the power exchanging station, the control system determines whether the locking and unlocking device 10 placed on the cart 62 in real time is matched with a battery pack of the vehicle according to the identification information obtained by the identification device, and if not, retrieves information such as a storage location of the matched locking and unlocking device 10, so as to further control the cart 62 and the handling device 9 to perform adjustment.
The recognition means may be a camera or the like associated with the control system to enable the control system to determine the vehicle type by recognizing an image of the electric vehicle to be replaced. The charging device 11, the stacker crane 91, the trolley 62, the locking and unlocking device 10 and other devices and control systems and the like are all applied in the prior art, and the devices and control systems applied to the power exchanging station in the embodiment may adopt the prior art, and the details of the related structures or control principles and the like are not described herein.
As shown in fig. 1, the tool magazine 12 may include a plurality of magazine racks 121, each magazine rack 121 being capable of storing one kind of locking and unlocking device 10. Suitably, the handling device 9 further comprises a lifting mechanism (not shown in the drawings) disposed in each bin frame 121, and configured to lift the unlocking device 10 on the trolley 62 located in the bin frame 121 away from the trolley 62 when being lifted, or to place the unlocking device 10 carried thereon on the trolley 62 when being lowered.
Specifically, the lifting mechanism may include a pair of support arms disposed at an interval, and a lifter (such as a pneumatic lifting mechanism, a screw lifting mechanism, a worm and gear lifting mechanism, etc.) capable of lifting the pair of support arms, where the interval between the pair of support arms is between the width of the cart 62 and the width of the locking and unlocking device 10, so that when the cart 62 carrying the locking and unlocking device 10 moves into the magazine rack 121, the pair of support arms at a lower position can lift the locking and unlocking device 10 together in the lifting process to separate the locking and unlocking device 10 from the cart 62, and then when the empty cart 62 moves to another magazine rack 121 where the locking and unlocking device 10 suitable for dismounting and mounting the battery pack for the battery replacement work vehicle is stored, the lifting mechanism in the magazine rack 121 can place the locking and unlocking device 10 on the cart 62 by lowering the pair of support arms. In this embodiment, the locking and unlocking device 10 may be placed on the cart 62 by using an embedded structure that can only be taken and placed in the vertical direction, or may be fixed by using a locking structure that is suitable for being controlled by a control system to lock and unlock, which is not specifically limited herein.
As shown in fig. 1, in the present embodiment, the plurality of magazine racks 121 may be disposed on two sides of the positioning device 3, that is, on two sides of the power exchanging platform 1. Furthermore, two trolleys 62 may be disposed on the conveying line 61, and the two trolleys 62 may be moved to the magazine rack 121 located on both sides of the positioning device 3, respectively, and may be alternately moved to the positioning device 3, so that the two trolleys 62 may alternately perform the battery replacement operation.
Specifically, the bin frames 121 located on both sides of the positioning device 3 may be equipped with the locking and unlocking devices 10 of the vehicle types adapted to the battery replacement station at the same time, meanwhile, both sides of the positioning device 3 are provided with the battery bins 2 and the carrying devices 9, and the battery bins 2 located on both sides of the positioning device 3 are also equipped with the battery packs of the vehicle types adapted to the battery replacement station at the same time, so that when one of the trolleys 62 is subjected to battery replacement operation, the control system may control the other trolley 62 and the carrying device 9 on the side thereof to prepare based on the information of the next vehicle to be replaced acquired by the identification device, and also previously place the locking and unlocking device 10 adapted to the next vehicle to be replaced on the trolley 62, thereby improving the battery replacement efficiency.
In order to store as many battery packs as possible in the limited space of the battery replacement station, in this embodiment, the battery compartment 2 may include a ground falling compartment disposed on the ground and an elevated compartment disposed above the compartment frame 121.
In addition to the shape and size of the battery pack and the locking and unlocking modes of the battery pack and the vehicle body, different electric vehicles are mainly divided into two types, namely wheels and a chassis, at the supporting and holding positions when the electric vehicle is lifted in the battery replacement process due to different structural strength of the vehicle body. As shown in fig. 1, in this embodiment, the positioning device 3 includes a positioning mechanism capable of positioning wheels of the vehicle to be replaced, the positioning mechanism is capable of supporting the wheels of the vehicle to be replaced and lifting the vehicle to be replaced, that is, lifting the vehicle to be replaced by supporting four wheels, in order to adapt to the vehicle that needs to be lifted by the chassis, in this embodiment, the positioning device 3 also employs a lifting mechanism (such as a hydraulic lifter with a four-point layout or a double-V-arm layout, not shown in the figure) capable of supporting the chassis of the vehicle to be replaced and lifting the vehicle to be replaced, and of course, the positioning device 3 may also be compatible with two lifting structures that the positioning device 3 lifts the vehicle and the lifting mechanism lifts the vehicle, so as to further expand the electric replaceable vehicle type of the power station.
In addition, the power station may further include a plurality of expanding tool bins 13 (not shown in fig. 1), the expanding tool bins 13 are configured to store the locking and unlocking devices 10, and the carrying device 9 is capable of carrying the locking and unlocking devices 10 between the tool bin 12 and the expanding tool bin 13 and between the trolley 62 and the expanding tool bin 13. The expanding tool bin 13 may include a plurality of compartments arranged in a vertical direction, each compartment being capable of accommodating the locking and unlocking device 10, so that the locking and unlocking devices 10 with low frequency of use or other types are further stored on the basis of the plurality of locking and unlocking devices 10 stored in the tool bin 12, and in addition, the locking and unlocking devices 10 of the same type as the type in the tool bin 12 may be stored at the expanding tool bin 13 for standby.
Example two
Referring to fig. 2, the present embodiment also provides a battery replacement station suitable for performing battery replacement operation on different to-be-replaced vehicles, and the difference from the battery replacement station in the first embodiment is that the battery replacement station has two battery replacement platforms 1 arranged in parallel, and a first positioning device 4 and a second positioning device 5 are respectively arranged at the two battery replacement platforms 1, where the first positioning device 4 includes a first positioning mechanism capable of positioning wheels of the to-be-replaced vehicle, and the first positioning mechanism is capable of supporting the wheels of the to-be-replaced vehicle and lifting the to-be-replaced vehicle; the second positioning device 5 comprises a second positioning mechanism capable of positioning wheels of the vehicle to be replaced and a lifting mechanism capable of supporting the chassis of the vehicle to be replaced and lifting the vehicle to be replaced. That is, the first positioning device 4 and the second positioning device 5 at the two battery replacing platforms 1 of the battery replacing station are respectively suitable for lifting the vehicle by adopting the supporting wheels and suitable for lifting the vehicle by adopting the supporting chassis.
Correspondingly, the swapping station further differs from the swapping station in the first embodiment in that the swapping station includes two conveying devices, namely, a first conveying device 7 and a second conveying device 8, the first conveying device 7 includes a first conveying line 71 and a first trolley 72 capable of moving along the first conveying line 71, and the first conveying line 71 extends between the battery compartment 2 and the first positioning device 4; the second conveyor device 8 comprises a second conveyor line 81 and a second trolley 82 capable of moving along the second conveyor line 81, the second conveyor line 81 extends between the battery compartment 2 and the second positioning device 5; the first trolley 72 and the second trolley 82 can be respectively provided with a locking and unlocking device 10 for dismounting and mounting a battery pack for the electric vehicle to be replaced. The handling device 9 is configured to handle the battery packs between the battery compartment 2 and the first cart 72 and between the battery compartment 2 and the second cart 82, and to handle the locking and unlocking device 10 between the tool compartment 12 and the first cart 72 and between the tool compartment 12 and the second cart 82.
By means of the structure, the battery replacing station can replace various locking and unlocking devices 10 suitable for disassembling and assembling battery packs for different vehicles to be replaced, battery replacing operation for different types of vehicles is achieved, meanwhile, the two battery replacing platforms 1 are used for shunting the vehicles adopting different lifting modes, and a bearing structure at the battery replacing platform 1 can be simplified. And the problem that the vehicle which needs to be lifted by the supporting wheels cannot be replaced due to the fact that the width of the vehicle exceeds the size of the lifting mechanisms arranged on the two sides of the battery replacing platform 1 is not suitable for the vehicle type.
As a further adaptive extension to the battery replacement station, the battery replacement station further includes a guiding device (not shown in the figure) configured to guide the vehicle to be replaced to enter the first positioning device 4 or the second positioning device 5 based on the identification result of the identification device, for example, the guiding device may be a display screen capable of displaying guiding information and/or a speaker emitting a guiding sound, and the like, and is not limited herein.
As shown in fig. 2, in this embodiment, the battery compartment 2 may be further distributed between the two battery replacing platforms 1 except for being distributed in the area in the station on the opposite side of the two battery replacing platforms 1, and meanwhile, a stacker 91 may be arranged between the two battery replacing platforms 1, and the stacker 91 may engage the first conveying line 71 and the second conveying line 81, so as to allow the two battery replacing platforms 1 to call the locking and unlocking device 10 or the battery pack. Meanwhile, a plurality of bin frames 121 may also be disposed on both sides of the first positioning device 4 and/or the second positioning device 5 as needed. In this embodiment, an expanding tool magazine 13 may be provided, and the locking and unlocking device 10 may be transported between the expanding tool magazine 13 and the tool magazine 12, and between the expanding tool magazine 13 and the first carriage 72 and/or the second carriage 82 by the transporting device 9 (i.e., the stacker 91).
It is obvious that the above embodiments of the present invention are only examples for clearly illustrating the present invention, and are not intended to limit the embodiments of the present invention. Numerous obvious variations, rearrangements and substitutions will now occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention. And are neither required nor exhaustive of all embodiments. Any modification, equivalent replacement, and improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A power swapping station comprising a battery compartment (2) for storing battery packs, characterized in that the power swapping station further comprises:
the first positioning device (4) comprises a first positioning mechanism capable of positioning wheels of the vehicle to be replaced, and the first positioning mechanism can support the wheels of the vehicle to be replaced and lift the vehicle to be replaced;
the second positioning device (5) is arranged in parallel with the first positioning device (4), and the second positioning device (5) comprises a second positioning mechanism capable of positioning wheels of the vehicle to be replaced and a lifting mechanism capable of supporting a chassis of the vehicle to be replaced and lifting the vehicle to be replaced;
-a first conveyor device (7) comprising a first conveyor line (71) and a first trolley (72) movable along said first conveyor line (71), said first conveyor line (71) extending between said battery magazine (2) and said first positioning device (4);
-a second conveyor device (8) comprising a second conveyor line (81) and a second trolley (82) movable along said second conveyor line (81), said second conveyor line (81) extending between said battery magazine (2) and said second positioning device (5); the first trolley (72) and the second trolley (82) can be respectively provided with a locking and unlocking device (10) for disassembling and assembling battery packs of the electric vehicles to be replaced; and
a handling device (9) configured to handle battery packs between the battery compartment (2) and the first trolley (72) and between the battery compartment (2) and the second trolley (82).
2. The swapping station of claim 1, further comprising:
a tool magazine (12) configured to store a plurality of said locking and unlocking devices (10), said plurality of locking and unlocking devices (10) being adapted to disassemble battery packs for different electric vehicles to be replaced, said handling device (9) being further configured to handle said locking and unlocking devices (10) between said tool magazine (12) and said first trolley (72) and between said tool magazine (12) and said second trolley (82).
3. The swapping station of claim 2, wherein:
the tool bin (12) comprises a plurality of bin frames (121), each bin frame (121) can store a locking and unlocking device (10), and the conveying line extends into each bin frame (121);
the carrying device (9) comprises a lifting mechanism which is arranged in each bin frame (121) and is configured to lift the locking and unlocking device (10) on the trolley positioned in the bin frame (121) away from the trolley when being lifted or to place the locking and unlocking device (10) loaded on the trolley when being lowered.
4. The power station as claimed in claim 3, wherein the battery compartment (2) comprises a floor compartment disposed on the ground and an elevated compartment disposed above the compartment rack (121).
5. The station according to claim 3, characterized in that a plurality of said magazine racks (121) are arranged on both sides of said first positioning means (4) and/or of said second positioning means (5).
6. The power station according to claim 2, further comprising an expansion tool magazine (13), wherein the expansion tool magazine (13) is configured to store the locking and unlocking device (10), wherein the handling device (9) is capable of handling the locking and unlocking device (10) between the expansion tool magazine (13) and the tool magazine (12), and between the expansion tool magazine (13) and the first trolley (72) and/or the second trolley (82).
7. The power station according to claim 6, characterized in that the expanding tool magazine (13) comprises a plurality of compartments arranged in a vertical direction, each compartment being capable of housing the locking and unlocking device (10).
8. The charging station according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises a charging device (11), said charging device (11) being able to charge a battery pack stored in said battery compartment (2) that is deficient in electricity.
9. The swapping station of claim 1, further comprising an identification device configured to identify a vehicle to be swapped entering the swapping station.
10. The swapping station as claimed in claim 9, characterized in that the swapping station further comprises directing means configured to direct a vehicle to be swapped into the first positioning means (4) or the second positioning means (5) based on the identification result of the identification means.
CN202120326028.XU 2021-02-04 2021-02-04 Power conversion station Active CN214355625U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2024007276A1 (en) * 2022-07-08 2024-01-11 宁德时代新能源科技股份有限公司 Battery swapping method, battery swapping system, and battery swapping station

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WO2024007276A1 (en) * 2022-07-08 2024-01-11 宁德时代新能源科技股份有限公司 Battery swapping method, battery swapping system, and battery swapping station

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