WO2024007276A1 - Battery swapping method, battery swapping system, and battery swapping station - Google Patents

Battery swapping method, battery swapping system, and battery swapping station Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2024007276A1
WO2024007276A1 PCT/CN2022/104516 CN2022104516W WO2024007276A1 WO 2024007276 A1 WO2024007276 A1 WO 2024007276A1 CN 2022104516 W CN2022104516 W CN 2022104516W WO 2024007276 A1 WO2024007276 A1 WO 2024007276A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
battery
disassembly
station
vehicle
installation
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2022/104516
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈伟峰
何乐为
王清明
Original Assignee
宁德时代新能源科技股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 宁德时代新能源科技股份有限公司 filed Critical 宁德时代新能源科技股份有限公司
Priority to PCT/CN2022/104516 priority Critical patent/WO2024007276A1/en
Priority to CN202280062812.1A priority patent/CN118043222A/en
Publication of WO2024007276A1 publication Critical patent/WO2024007276A1/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/80Exchanging energy storage elements, e.g. removable batteries

Definitions

  • the present application relates to the technical field of battery swapping, and in particular to a battery swapping method, a battery swapping system and a battery swapping station.
  • the batteries in electric vehicles can also be replaced through battery swap stations, which can quickly replenish energy for electric vehicles with insufficient energy, thereby avoiding Long term charging of the battery.
  • battery swap stations generally face the problem of long battery swap times.
  • Embodiments of the present application provide a battery swapping method, a battery swapping system and a battery swapping station, which can effectively reduce the battery swapping time of electric vehicles.
  • a method of battery replacement includes: controlling the disassembly of a battery to be disassembled in an electrical device while the disassembly operation is one of a first operation vehicle and a second operation vehicle; After the disassembly driving vehicle has disassembled the battery to be disassembled, and during the process of controlling the disassembly driving vehicle to transport the battery to be disassembled to the charging bin, the installation driving vehicle is controlled to install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment, and the The installation carriage is the other of the first carriage and the second carriage.
  • two cranes are provided, so that during the process of disassembling the battery to be disassembled and transporting the battery to the battery cache device, another crane can install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment.
  • the entire power replacement process is carried out in parallel, which can effectively reduce the power replacement time and improve user experience.
  • the method further includes: determining the disassembly operation and the installation operation in the first operation and the second operation.
  • the above technical solution determines the disassembly and installation of the first train and the second train, which can avoid the problem of conflict between the first and second trains during the power exchange process, such as disassembly of both the first and second trains.
  • the battery or battery installation operation is performed, which advantageously ensures the smooth progress of battery replacement.
  • determining the disassembly drive and the installation drive in the first drive and the second drive include: according to the direction in which the electrical equipment enters the power swap station, in the The disassembly traveling vehicle and the installation traveling vehicle are determined among the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle.
  • the first drive is the disassembly drive
  • the second drive is the installation drive
  • both sides of the battery swapping station may be mistaken for the entrance of the battery swapping station.
  • the above technical solution determines the disassembly and installation operation according to whether the electric equipment enters the battery swap station from the entrance direction or the exit direction. In this way, no matter which entrance of the battery swap station the electric equipment enters the battery swap station, the battery can be completed. of battery replacement. In other words, the above technical solution allows bilateral entry of electrical equipment without distinction between entrance and exit, which improves the flexibility of battery replacement.
  • the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle are respectively located on both sides of the power swap channel of the power swap station.
  • the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle are arranged on both sides of the power exchange channel. On the one hand, it can avoid conflicts between the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle during the work process, such as the problem of overlapping trajectories. On the other hand, no matter which direction the electrical equipment enters the power swap station, the battery swap can be completed. In other words, the above technical solution allows bilateral entry of electrical equipment without distinction between entrance and exit, which improves the flexibility of battery replacement.
  • the charging compartments are provided on both sides of the power exchange channel.
  • the method further includes: when controlling the disassembly vehicle to remove the battery to be disassembled, controlling the installation vehicle to transport the battery to be installed from the charging bin to the battery to be installed. Battery installation location.
  • the electrical equipment is a heavy-duty truck.
  • the overall heavy-duty truck market has approximately 7 million units, and more than 70% of heavy-duty trucks operate 24 hours a day (two or three shifts).
  • the electrical equipment is a heavy-duty truck, which can improve the use experience of heavy-duty trucks.
  • the battery swap mode can effectively solve the pain points of scarcity of charging parking spaces, large battery capacity, and long charging time.
  • a second aspect provides a station control system for executing the method in the above first aspect or its respective implementations.
  • the device includes a functional module for executing the method in the above-mentioned first aspect or its respective implementations.
  • a station control system which is applied to a battery swapping station.
  • the station control system includes: a memory for storing programs; a processor for executing the program stored in the memory.
  • the processor is configured to execute the method in the above first aspect or its respective implementations.
  • a power swap station including: the station control system in the above-mentioned second aspect or the third aspect or their respective implementations; and a disassembly driving vehicle for disassembling the utility model under the control of the station control system.
  • the battery to be disassembled of the electrical equipment, and the battery to be disassembled is transported to the charging bin after the battery to be disassembled; a driving vehicle is installed for transporting the battery to be disassembled to the charging bin during the disassembly operation.
  • the battery to be installed is installed on the electrical equipment under the control of the station control system.
  • a fifth aspect provides a computer-readable storage medium for storing a computer program, the computer program causing a computer to execute the method in the above-mentioned first aspect or its respective implementations.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a power swap system according to an embodiment of the present application.
  • Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of the steps of a power exchange process according to an embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the steps of a power exchange process according to an embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the steps of a power exchange process according to an embodiment of the present application.
  • Figure 8 is a schematic block diagram of the power swap system according to the embodiment of the present application.
  • batteries can be used as a power source to provide power for electrical equipment and reduce the use of non-renewable resources.
  • charging equipment such as charging piles can be used to charge the electrical equipment, that is, to charge the battery in the electrical equipment to achieve battery charging. , discharge cycle use.
  • battery charging takes a long time, which limits the battery life of electrical equipment.
  • the entire process of replacing batteries of electrical equipment is performed in series. Specifically, after the electric equipment is parked on the power exchange platform, the device for replacing the battery moves to the electric equipment, and the battery to be removed is removed from the electric equipment. Then, the battery to be disassembled is transported to a battery storage mechanism (such as a charging compartment or a battery cache device). Next, the device obtains the battery to be installed and transports the battery to be installed to the electrical equipment. After that, install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment.
  • a battery storage mechanism such as a charging compartment or a battery cache device
  • FIG. 1 shows a schematic diagram of an application scenario of the battery replacement method according to the embodiment of the present application.
  • the application scenario of this battery swapping method may involve a battery swapping station 11 , a powered device 12 and a battery.
  • the power swap station 11 may refer to a place that provides power swap services for electrical equipment.
  • the power swap station 11 may be a fixed place, or the power swap station 11 may be a movable place such as a mobile battery swap vehicle, which is not limited here.
  • the electrical device 12 can be detachably connected to the battery.
  • the electrical device 12 may be a car, a heavy truck, or other vehicle that uses a power battery as a power source.
  • the battery may include a battery disposed in the electrical device 12 and a battery located in the power swap station 11 for power swapping.
  • the battery to be disassembled in the electrical equipment 12 is denoted as battery 141
  • the battery used for power swapping in the battery swapping station is denoted as battery 142 .
  • the battery can be a lithium-ion battery, a lithium metal battery, a lead-acid battery, a nickel separator battery, a nickel-metal hydride battery, a lithium-sulfur battery, a lithium-air battery or a sodium-ion battery.
  • the battery can be a battery pack, a cell/battery cell, or a battery module.
  • batteries can also power other electrical devices in electrical equipment.
  • the battery can also power in-car air conditioners, car players, etc.
  • the power swap station 11 When the electrical equipment 12 installed with the battery 141 drives into the power swap station 11, the power swap station 11 removes the battery 141 from the electrical equipment 12 through the power swap device, takes out the battery 142 from the power swap station 11, and then installs the battery 142 Go to the electrical equipment vehicle 12. Afterwards, the electrical equipment 12 with the battery 142 installed can drive away from the power swap station 11 .
  • power-consuming equipment can be quickly replenished with energy within a few minutes or even tens of seconds, improving the user experience.
  • a power swap cabinet 13 may be provided in the power swap station 11 .
  • the power swap cabinet 13 includes a battery management unit (battery management unit, BMU) 131.
  • BMU battery management unit
  • the power swapping cabinet 13 may also be provided with multiple charging compartments 132, and batteries used for power swapping may be placed in the charging compartments 132.
  • the BMU 131 can communicate and interact with other units, modules, devices, etc. through wired or wireless methods.
  • the station control system 151 can communicate and interact with other units, modules, devices, etc. through wired or wireless methods.
  • the wired communication method may include, for example, a control area network (CAN) communication method and a daisy chain (daisy chain) communication method.
  • Wireless communication methods may include, for example, Bluetooth communication, wireless fidelity (WIFI) communication, ZigBee communication, and other various methods, which are not limited here.
  • the station control system 151 can communicate with the BMU 131 to obtain relevant information about the battery 141 on the electrical device 12 or the battery 142 in the charging compartment 133.
  • the station control system 151 can also communicate with the cloud server 152 to obtain relevant information about the battery 141 on the electrical device 12 or the battery 142 in the charging compartment 133 .
  • FIG. 2 shows a schematic flow chart of a battery replacement method 200 according to an embodiment of the present application.
  • Method 200 may include at least some of the following.
  • the installation drive is controlled to install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment.
  • the installation drive is the first drive and the second drive. Another of the two trains.
  • Method 200 can be applied in a battery swap station.
  • the battery swap station can be a fixed place or a movable place.
  • Method 200 may be executed by a management device in a battery swapping station, for example, by a station control system, such as the station control system 151 in Figure 1 .
  • a station control system such as the station control system 151 in Figure 1 .
  • the station control system may execute method 200.
  • the station control system can communicate with the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle in a wireless manner to execute method 200.
  • the first vehicle and the second vehicle are communicated through wireless communication methods such as Bluetooth communication, WIFI communication or ZigBee communication.
  • the battery to be removed can be a depleted battery
  • the battery to be installed can be a fully charged battery
  • the battery to be disassembled may be an abnormal battery, such as a battery that has experienced thermal runaway, or a battery that is deformed in shape.
  • the battery to be installed can also be a fully charged battery, or it can also be a battery with the same power as the battery to be removed, but without thermal runaway or shape deformation.
  • the electrical equipment can be an electric vehicle, a ship or a spacecraft, etc.
  • the electric vehicle may be, for example, a heavy-duty truck, such as a sprinkler truck, a fire truck, an earth-moving truck, a truck, etc.
  • the overall heavy-duty truck market has about 7 million units, and more than 70% of heavy-duty trucks operate 24 hours a day (two or three shifts).
  • the electrical equipment is a heavy-duty truck, which can improve the use experience of heavy-duty trucks.
  • the battery swap mode can effectively solve the pain points of scarcity of charging parking spaces, large battery capacity, and long charging time.
  • first carriage and the second carriage may be the same or different, and this is not specifically limited in the embodiment of the present application.
  • Communication is possible between the first train and the second train.
  • communication between the first train and the second train can be through wired or wireless means.
  • two cranes are provided, so that during the process of disassembling the battery to be disassembled and transporting the battery to the battery cache device, another crane can install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment.
  • the entire power replacement process is carried out in parallel, which can effectively reduce the power replacement time and improve user experience.
  • At least one charging compartment can be provided on each side of the power exchange channel.
  • the number of charging bins provided on both sides of the power exchange channel can be the same or different.
  • method 200 may further include: determining a disassembly run and an installation run in the first run and the second run.
  • the disassembly operation and the installation operation can be determined arbitrarily between the first operation and the second operation.
  • first carriage and the second carriage may be fixed as a disassembly carriage, and the other may be fixed as an installation carriage.
  • first carriage can be fixed as a disassembly carriage
  • second carriage can be fixed as an installation carriage.
  • the first carriage and the second carriage may alternately serve as a removal carriage and an installation carriage. For example, when replacing the battery of the previous electrical equipment, it is determined that the first operation is the disassembly operation and the second operation is the installation operation. Then, when replacing the battery of the current electrical equipment, the first driving operation is determined as the installation operation, and the second operation is determined as the disassembly operation.
  • the disassembly operation and the installation operation can be determined in the first operation and the second operation according to the direction in which the electrical equipment enters the battery swap station.
  • the first vehicle can be determined as a disassembly vehicle and the second vehicle can be determined as an installation vehicle.
  • the first driving position is convenient for removing the battery of the electrical equipment
  • the second driving position is convenient for installing the battery of the electrical equipment.
  • the first drive can be determined as the installation drive, and the second drive can be determined as the disassembly drive.
  • the position of the first traveling vehicle is convenient for installing the battery of the electrical equipment, and the position of the second traveling vehicle is convenient for removing the battery of the electrical equipment.
  • the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle may be located on both sides of the power exchange channel respectively.
  • the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle may be symmetrically located on both sides of the power exchange channel, or may be asymmetrically located on both sides of the power exchange channel.
  • the method 200 may also include: controlling the installation while controlling the removal of the battery to be removed while driving. Driving the vehicle, transport the battery to be installed from the charging compartment to the installation location of the battery to be installed.
  • the installation driving vehicle can be controlled to take out the battery to be installed from the charging compartment farthest from the electrical equipment, or the installation driving vehicle can be controlled to take out the battery to be installed from the charging compartment closest to the electrical equipment, or the installation can also be controlled. Take out any battery to be installed from all the charging compartments while driving, or you can determine which charging compartment to take the battery to be installed from based on the time required to remove the battery while driving.
  • H is the battery replacement channel
  • A is the battery to be installed
  • B is the battery to be removed.
  • the disassembly crane in Figures 3 and 4 is located on the left side of the electrical equipment, and the installation crane is located on the right side of the electrical equipment; the disassembly crane in Figures 5 and 6 is located on the right side of the electrical equipment.
  • the installation carriage is located on the left side of the electrical equipment.
  • the above technical solution controls the operation of dismantling the battery to be removed while driving and the operation of transporting the battery to be installed from the charging compartment to the installation location while driving. That is to say, during the battery replacement process, multiple operations are performed in parallel. In this way, the power replacement time can be further reduced and the power replacement efficiency can be improved.
  • the battery replacement method of the embodiment of the present application is described in detail above.
  • the station control system of the embodiment of the present application will be described below.
  • FIG. 7 shows a schematic block diagram of the station control system 700 according to the embodiment of the present application.
  • the battery station control system 700 may include:
  • the control unit 710 is used to control the disassembly of the to-be-disassembled battery of the electrical equipment during the disassembly operation.
  • the disassembly operation is one of the first operation operation and the second operation operation.
  • the station control system 700 further includes: a determination unit, used to determine the disassembly and installation of the vehicle in the first vehicle operation and the second vehicle operation.
  • the first drive is a disassembly drive
  • the second drive is an installation drive
  • the first operation is installation operation
  • the second operation is disassembly operation
  • charging compartments are provided on both sides of the power exchange channel.
  • control unit 710 is also configured to: when controlling the disassembly vehicle to remove the battery to be disassembled, control the installation vehicle to transport the battery to be installed from the charging compartment to the installation location of the battery to be installed.
  • the electrical equipment is a heavy-duty truck.
  • the device 700 can implement the corresponding operations in the method 200, and for the sake of brevity, they will not be described again here.
  • FIG 8 is a schematic diagram of the hardware structure of the station control system 800 according to the embodiment of the present application.
  • the station control system 800 includes a memory 801, a processor 802, a communication interface 803 and a bus 804. Among them, the memory 801, the processor 802, and the communication interface 803 implement communication connections between each other through the bus 804.
  • the memory 801 may be a read-only memory (ROM), a static storage device, and a random access memory (RAM).
  • the memory 801 can store programs. When the program stored in the memory 801 is executed by the processor 802, the processor 802 and the communication interface 803 are used to execute various steps of the battery replacement method in the embodiment of the present application.
  • the processor 802 may be a general central processing unit (CPU), a microprocessor, an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a graphics processing unit (GPU), or one or more
  • the integrated circuit is used to execute relevant programs to implement the functions required to be performed by the units in the station control system of the embodiment of the present application, or to perform the battery replacement method of the embodiment of the present application.
  • the processor 802 may also be an integrated circuit chip with signal processing capabilities. During the implementation process, each step of the battery swapping method in the embodiment of the present application can be completed by instructions in the form of hardware integrated logic circuits or software in the processor 802 .
  • the above-mentioned processor 802 can also be a general-purpose processor, a digital signal processor (digital signal processing, DSP), an ASIC, an off-the-shelf programmable gate array (field programmable gate array, FPGA) or other programmable logic devices, discrete gates or transistor logic devices, discrete hardware components.
  • DSP digital signal processing
  • ASIC application specific integrated circuit
  • FPGA field programmable gate array
  • Each method, step and logical block diagram disclosed in the embodiment of this application can be implemented or executed.
  • a general-purpose processor may be a microprocessor or the processor may be any conventional processor, etc.
  • the steps of the methods disclosed in conjunction with the embodiments of the present application can be directly implemented by a hardware processor for execution, or can be executed by a combination of hardware and software modules in the processor.
  • the software module can be located in random access memory, flash memory, read-only memory, programmable read-only memory or electrically erasable programmable memory, registers and other mature storage media in this field.
  • the storage medium is located in the memory 801.
  • the processor 802 reads the information in the memory 801, and combines its hardware to complete the functions required to be performed by the units included in the station control system of the embodiment of the present application, or to perform the battery replacement of the embodiment of the present application. Methods.
  • the communication interface 803 uses a transceiver device such as but not limited to a transceiver to implement communication between the station control system 800 and other devices or communication networks.
  • a transceiver device such as but not limited to a transceiver to implement communication between the station control system 800 and other devices or communication networks.
  • Bus 804 may include a path for transmitting information between various components of station control system 800 (eg, memory 801, processor 802, communication interface 803).
  • station control system 800 only shows a memory, a processor, and a communication interface, during the specific implementation process, those skilled in the art will understand that the station control system 800 may also include other components necessary for normal operation. device. At the same time, based on specific needs, those skilled in the art should understand that the station control system 800 may also include hardware devices that implement other additional functions. In addition, those skilled in the art should understand that the station control system 800 may only include components necessary to implement the embodiments of the present application, and does not necessarily include all components shown in FIG. 8 .
  • the station control system 800 may be, for example, the station control system 151 in FIG. 1 .
  • Embodiments of the present application also provide a power swap station, which may include a station control system, a disassembly drive, and an installation drive.
  • the station control system may be the station control system 700 shown in FIG. 7 or the station control system 800 shown in FIG. 8 .
  • the disassembly driving vehicle is used to disassemble the battery to be disassembled of the electrical equipment under the control of the station control system, and to transport the disassembled battery to the charging bin after disassembling the battery.
  • the installation crane is used to install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment under the control of the station control system during the process of disassembling the crane to transport the battery to be removed to the charging bin.
  • Embodiments of the present application also provide a computer-readable storage medium for storing a computer program.
  • the computer program is used to execute the foregoing methods of various embodiments of the present application.
  • the above-mentioned computer-readable storage medium may be a transient computer-readable storage medium or a non-transitory computer-readable storage medium.
  • Embodiments of the present application also provide a computer program product.
  • the computer program product includes a computer program stored on a computer-readable storage medium.
  • the computer program includes program instructions. When the program instructions are executed by the computer, the computer is caused to execute the above-mentioned battery operation. How to replace electricity.

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Electric Propulsion And Braking For Vehicles (AREA)
  • Charge And Discharge Circuits For Batteries Or The Like (AREA)

Abstract

Provided in the embodiments of the present application are a battery swapping method, a battery swapping system, and a battery swapping station, which can effectively reduce the time for battery swapping of an electric vehicle. The method comprises: controlling a dismounting travelling crane to dismount a battery to be dismounted from an electric device, wherein the dismounting travelling crane is one of a first travelling crane and a second travelling crane; and after the dismounting travelling crane has dismounted said battery and during the process of controlling the dismounting travelling crane to transport said battery to a charging compartment, controlling a mounting travelling crane to mount on the electric device a battery to be mounted, wherein the mounting travelling crane is the other of the first travelling crane and the second travelling crane.

Description

电池换电的方法、换电系统和换电站Battery swapping methods, battery swapping systems and battery swapping stations 技术领域Technical field
本申请涉及换电技术领域,特别是涉及一种电池换电的方法、换电系统和换电站。The present application relates to the technical field of battery swapping, and in particular to a battery swapping method, a battery swapping system and a battery swapping station.
背景技术Background technique
节能减排是汽车产业可持续发展的关键。在这种情况下,电动车辆由于其节能环保的优势成为汽车产业可持续发展的重要组成部分。而对于电动车辆而言,电池的充换电技术又是关乎其发展的一项重要因素。Energy conservation and emission reduction are the key to the sustainable development of the automobile industry. In this case, electric vehicles have become an important part of the sustainable development of the automobile industry due to their energy-saving and environmentally friendly advantages. For electric vehicles, battery charging and swapping technology is an important factor related to their development.
目前,除了可通过充电装置对电动车辆中的电池进行充电以保证电动车辆的持续运行以外,还可通过换电站更换电动车辆中的电池,能够快速给为能量不足的电动车辆补给能量,从而避免电池的长时间充电。然而,目前的换电站普遍存在着换电时间较长的问题。At present, in addition to charging the batteries in electric vehicles through charging devices to ensure the continuous operation of electric vehicles, the batteries in electric vehicles can also be replaced through battery swap stations, which can quickly replenish energy for electric vehicles with insufficient energy, thereby avoiding Long term charging of the battery. However, current battery swap stations generally face the problem of long battery swap times.
发明内容Contents of the invention
本申请实施例提供一种电池换电的方法、换电系统和换电站,能够有效减小电动车辆的换电时间。Embodiments of the present application provide a battery swapping method, a battery swapping system and a battery swapping station, which can effectively reduce the battery swapping time of electric vehicles.
第一方面,提供了一种电池换电的方法,所述方法包括:控制拆卸行车拆卸用电设备的待拆卸电池,所述拆卸行车为第一行车和第二行车中的一个行车;在所述拆卸行车将所述待拆卸电池拆卸下来后且控制所述拆卸行车将所述待拆卸电池运送至充电仓的过程中,控制安装行车将待安装电池安装在所述用电设备上,所述安装行车为所述第一行车和所述第二行车中的另一个行车。In a first aspect, a method of battery replacement is provided. The method includes: controlling the disassembly of a battery to be disassembled in an electrical device while the disassembly operation is one of a first operation vehicle and a second operation vehicle; After the disassembly driving vehicle has disassembled the battery to be disassembled, and during the process of controlling the disassembly driving vehicle to transport the battery to be disassembled to the charging bin, the installation driving vehicle is controlled to install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment, and the The installation carriage is the other of the first carriage and the second carriage.
本申请实施例,通过设置两个行车,使得在将待拆卸电池拆卸下来并将待拆卸电池运送至电池缓存装置的过程中,另一个行车可以将待安装电池安装在用电设备上。也就是说,整个换电过程是并行进行的,从而能够有效减小换电时间,提高用户体验。In the embodiment of the present application, two cranes are provided, so that during the process of disassembling the battery to be disassembled and transporting the battery to the battery cache device, another crane can install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment. In other words, the entire power replacement process is carried out in parallel, which can effectively reduce the power replacement time and improve user experience.
在一些可能的实现方式中,所述方法还包括:在所述第一行车和所述第二行车中确定所述拆卸行车和所述安装行车。In some possible implementations, the method further includes: determining the disassembly operation and the installation operation in the first operation and the second operation.
上述技术方案,在第一行车和第二行车中确定拆卸行车和安装行车,能够避免第一行车和第二行车在换电过程中发生冲突的问题,比如第一行车和第二行车均进行拆卸电池或均进行安装电池的操作,有利地保证了电池换电的顺利进行。The above technical solution determines the disassembly and installation of the first train and the second train, which can avoid the problem of conflict between the first and second trains during the power exchange process, such as disassembly of both the first and second trains. The battery or battery installation operation is performed, which advantageously ensures the smooth progress of battery replacement.
在一些可能的实现方式中,所述在所述第一行车和所述第二行车中确定所述拆卸行车和所述安装行车,包括:根据所述用电设备进入换电站的方向,在所述第一行车和所述第二行车中确定所述拆卸行车和所述安装行车。In some possible implementations, determining the disassembly drive and the installation drive in the first drive and the second drive include: according to the direction in which the electrical equipment enters the power swap station, in the The disassembly traveling vehicle and the installation traveling vehicle are determined among the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle.
上述技术方案,根据用电设备进入换电站的方向确定拆卸行车和安装行车,这 样,用电设备的电池所处的位置便于拆卸行车进行拆卸待拆卸电池的操作,并且便于安装行车进行安装待安装电池的操作,进而简化了电池换电的复杂度,进一步提高了电池换电的效率。The above technical solution determines the disassembly and installation of the vehicle according to the direction in which the electrical equipment enters the battery swapping station. In this way, the location of the battery of the electrical equipment is convenient for the disassembly of the vehicle to remove the battery to be removed, and it is also convenient for the installation and installation of the vehicle. The operation of the battery further simplifies the complexity of battery replacement and further improves the efficiency of battery replacement.
在一些可能的实现方式中,若所述用电设备从所述换电站的入口方向进入所述换电站,所述第一行车为所述拆卸行车,所述第二行车为所述安装行车;若所述用电设备从所述换电站的出口方向进入所述换电站,所述第一行车为所述安装行车,所述第二行车为所述拆卸行车。In some possible implementations, if the electrical equipment enters the power swap station from the entrance direction of the power swap station, the first drive is the disassembly drive, and the second drive is the installation drive; If the electrical equipment enters the power swap station from the exit direction of the power swap station, the first drive is the installation drive, and the second drive is the disassembly drive.
由于有些换电站如重卡换电站没有道闸,使得换电站的两边都可能会被误认为是换电站的入口。上述技术方案,根据用电设备是从换电站的入口方向还是出口方向进入的换电站来确定拆卸行车和安装行车,这样,无论用电设备从换电站的哪个口进入换电站,都可以完成电池的换电。也就是说,上述技术方案允许用电设备的双边入站,无入口和出口区分,提高了电池换电的灵活性。Since some battery swapping stations, such as heavy truck battery swapping stations, do not have gates, both sides of the battery swapping station may be mistaken for the entrance of the battery swapping station. The above technical solution determines the disassembly and installation operation according to whether the electric equipment enters the battery swap station from the entrance direction or the exit direction. In this way, no matter which entrance of the battery swap station the electric equipment enters the battery swap station, the battery can be completed. of battery replacement. In other words, the above technical solution allows bilateral entry of electrical equipment without distinction between entrance and exit, which improves the flexibility of battery replacement.
在一些可能的实现方式中,所述第一行车和所述第二行车分别位于换电站的换电通道的两侧。In some possible implementations, the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle are respectively located on both sides of the power swap channel of the power swap station.
上述技术方案,将第一行车和第二行车设置在换电通道的两侧,一方面,能够避免第一行车和第二行车在工作过程中发生冲突,比如轨迹重叠的问题。另一方面,无论用电设备从换电站的哪个方向进入换电站,都可以完成电池的换电。也就是说,上述技术方案允许用电设备的双边入站,无入口和出口区分,提高了电池换电的灵活性。In the above technical solution, the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle are arranged on both sides of the power exchange channel. On the one hand, it can avoid conflicts between the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle during the work process, such as the problem of overlapping trajectories. On the other hand, no matter which direction the electrical equipment enters the power swap station, the battery swap can be completed. In other words, the above technical solution allows bilateral entry of electrical equipment without distinction between entrance and exit, which improves the flexibility of battery replacement.
在一些可能的实现方式中,所述换电通道的两侧均设置有所述充电仓。In some possible implementations, the charging compartments are provided on both sides of the power exchange channel.
上述技术方案,在换电通道的两侧均设置有充电仓,这样,无论拆卸行车位于换电通道的哪侧,都可以很方便地将拆卸下来的电池放置在充电仓中,以使充电仓对待拆卸电池进行充电;或者,无论安装电池位于换电通道的哪侧,也可以很方便地从充电仓取中取出待安装电池,便于换电过程的进行,并且有效提高了电池换电的效率。In the above technical solution, charging bins are provided on both sides of the battery swap channel. In this way, no matter which side of the battery swap channel the disassembled driving vehicle is located on, the disassembled battery can be easily placed in the charging bin, so that the charging bin Charge the battery to be removed; or, no matter which side of the battery replacement channel the installed battery is located on, you can easily take out the battery to be installed from the charging compartment, which facilitates the battery replacement process and effectively improves the efficiency of battery replacement. .
在一些可能的实现方式中,所述方法还包括:在控制所述拆卸行车拆卸所述待拆卸电池时,控制所述安装行车将所述待安装电池从所述充电仓运送至所述待安装电池的安装位置。In some possible implementations, the method further includes: when controlling the disassembly vehicle to remove the battery to be disassembled, controlling the installation vehicle to transport the battery to be installed from the charging bin to the battery to be installed. Battery installation location.
上述技术方案,控制拆卸行车拆卸待拆卸电池的操作和安装行车将待安装电池从充电仓运送至安装位置的操作同时进行,也就是在电池换电的过程中,多个操作是并行进行的,如此,能够进一步减少换电时间,提高换电效率。The above technical solution controls the operation of dismantling the battery to be removed while driving and the operation of transporting the battery to be installed from the charging compartment to the installation location while driving. That is to say, during the battery replacement process, multiple operations are performed in parallel. In this way, the power replacement time can be further reduced and the power replacement efficiency can be improved.
在一些可能的实现方式中,所述用电设备为重型卡车。In some possible implementations, the electrical equipment is a heavy-duty truck.
重型卡车总体市场保有量约为700万辆,超过70%的重型卡车24小时运营(两班倒或三班倒)。在这种情况下,用电设备为重型卡车,能够提高重型卡车的使用体验。并且对于重型卡车来说,相较于充电,换电模式能够有效解决充电车位稀缺、电池容量大、充电时间长等痛点。The overall heavy-duty truck market has approximately 7 million units, and more than 70% of heavy-duty trucks operate 24 hours a day (two or three shifts). In this case, the electrical equipment is a heavy-duty truck, which can improve the use experience of heavy-duty trucks. And for heavy-duty trucks, compared to charging, the battery swap mode can effectively solve the pain points of scarcity of charging parking spaces, large battery capacity, and long charging time.
第二方面,提供了一种站控系统,用于执行上述第一方面或其各实现方式中的方法。具体地,该装置包括用于执行上述第一方面或其各实现方式中的方法的功能模块。A second aspect provides a station control system for executing the method in the above first aspect or its respective implementations. Specifically, the device includes a functional module for executing the method in the above-mentioned first aspect or its respective implementations.
第三方面,提供了一种站控系统,应用于换电站,所述站控系统包括:存储器,用于存储程序;处理器,用于执行所述存储器存储的程序,当所述存储器存储的程序被执行时,所述处理器用于执行上述第一方面或其各实现方式中的方法。In a third aspect, a station control system is provided, which is applied to a battery swapping station. The station control system includes: a memory for storing programs; a processor for executing the program stored in the memory. When the program stored in the memory is When the program is executed, the processor is configured to execute the method in the above first aspect or its respective implementations.
第四方面,提供了一种换电站,包括:上述第二方面或第三方面或其各实现方式中的站控系统;拆卸行车,用于在所述站控系统的控制下拆卸所述用电设备的待拆卸电池,以及在将所述待拆卸电池拆卸下来后将所述待拆卸电池运送至充电仓;安装行车,用于在所述拆卸行车将所述待拆卸电池运送至充电仓的过程中,在所述站控系统的控制下将待安装电池安装在所述用电设备上。In a fourth aspect, a power swap station is provided, including: the station control system in the above-mentioned second aspect or the third aspect or their respective implementations; and a disassembly driving vehicle for disassembling the utility model under the control of the station control system. The battery to be disassembled of the electrical equipment, and the battery to be disassembled is transported to the charging bin after the battery to be disassembled; a driving vehicle is installed for transporting the battery to be disassembled to the charging bin during the disassembly operation. During the process, the battery to be installed is installed on the electrical equipment under the control of the station control system.
第五方面,提供了一种计算机可读存储介质,用于存储计算机程序,所述计算机程序使得计算机执行上述第一方面或其各实现方式中的方法。A fifth aspect provides a computer-readable storage medium for storing a computer program, the computer program causing a computer to execute the method in the above-mentioned first aspect or its respective implementations.
附图说明Description of the drawings
为了更清楚地说明本申请实施例的技术方案,下面将对本申请实施例中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面所描述的附图仅仅是本申请的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据附图获得其他的附图。In order to explain the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present application more clearly, the drawings required to be used in the embodiments of the present application will be briefly introduced below. Obviously, the drawings described below are only some embodiments of the present application. Those of ordinary skill in the art can also obtain other drawings based on the drawings without exerting creative efforts.
图1是本申请实施例的一种换电系统的结构示意图。Figure 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a power swap system according to an embodiment of the present application.
图2是本申请实施例的一种电池换电的方法的示意性流程图。Figure 2 is a schematic flow chart of a battery replacement method according to an embodiment of the present application.
图3是本申请实施例的一种换电过程的步骤示意性图。Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of the steps of a power exchange process according to an embodiment of the present application.
图4是本申请实施例的一种换电过程的步骤示意性图。Figure 4 is a schematic diagram of the steps of a power exchange process according to an embodiment of the present application.
图5是本申请实施例的一种换电过程的步骤示意性图。FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the steps of a power exchange process according to an embodiment of the present application.
图6是本申请实施例的一种换电过程的步骤示意性图。FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the steps of a power exchange process according to an embodiment of the present application.
图7是本申请实施例的换电系统的示意性框图。Figure 7 is a schematic block diagram of the power swap system according to the embodiment of the present application.
图8是本申请实施例的换电系统的示意性框图。Figure 8 is a schematic block diagram of the power swap system according to the embodiment of the present application.
在附图中,附图并未按照实际的比例绘制。In the drawings, the drawings are not drawn to actual scale.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
下面结合附图和实施例对本申请的实施方式作进一步详细描述。以下实施例的详细描述和附图用于示例性地说明本申请的原理,但不能用来限制本申请的范围,即本申请不限于所描述的实施例。The embodiments of the present application will be described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. The detailed description of the following embodiments and the accompanying drawings are used to illustrate the principles of the present application, but cannot be used to limit the scope of the present application, that is, the present application is not limited to the described embodiments.
在本申请的描述中,需要说明的是,除非另有说明,“多个”的含义是两个以上;术语“上”、“下”、“左”、“右”、“内”、“外”等指示的方位或位置关系仅是为了便于描述本申请和简化描述,而不是指示或暗示所指的装置或元件必须具有特定的方位、以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本申请的限制。此外,术语“第一”、“第二”、“第三”等仅用于描述目的,而不能理解为指示或暗示相对重要性。“垂直”并不是严格意义上的垂直,而是在误差允许范围之内。“平行”并不是严格意义上的平行,而是在误差允许范围之内。In the description of this application, it should be noted that, unless otherwise stated, "plurality" means more than two; the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "inside", " The orientation or positional relationship indicated such as "outside" is only for the convenience of describing the present application and simplifying the description. It does not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and therefore cannot be understood as a limitation of the present application. Application restrictions. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," etc. are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. "Vertical" is not vertical in the strict sense, but within the allowable error range. "Parallel" is not parallel in the strict sense, but within the allowable error range.
下述描述中出现的方位词均为图中示出的方向,并不是对本申请的具体结构进行限定。在本申请的描述中,还需要说明的是,除非另有明确的规定和限定,术语“安装”、“相连”、“连接”应做广义理解,例如,可以是固定连接,也可以是可拆卸连接,或一体地连接;可以是直接相连,也可以通过中间媒介间接相连。对于本领域的普通技术人员而言,可视具体情况理解上述术语在本申请中的具体含义。The directional words appearing in the following description are the directions shown in the figures and do not limit the specific structure of the present application. In the description of this application, it should also be noted that, unless otherwise clearly stated and limited, the terms "installation", "connection" and "connection" should be understood in a broad sense. For example, it can be a fixed connection or a removable connection. Detachable connection, or integral connection; it can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium. For those of ordinary skill in the art, the specific meanings of the above terms in this application may be understood based on specific circumstances.
本申请中术语“和/或”,仅仅是一种描述关联对象的关联关系,表示可以存在三种关系,例如,A和/或B,可以表示:单独存在A,同时存在A和B,单独存在B这三种情况。另外,本申请中字符“/”,一般表示前后关联对象是一种“或”的关系。The term "and/or" in this application is just an association relationship describing related objects, indicating that there can be three relationships, for example, A and/or B, which can mean: A exists alone, A and B exist simultaneously, alone There are three situations B. In addition, the character "/" in this application generally indicates that the related objects are an "or" relationship.
除非另有定义,本申请所使用的所有的技术和科学术语与属于本申请的技术领域的技术人员通常理解的含义相同;本申请中在申请的说明书中所使用的术语只是为了描述具体的实施例的目的,不是旨在于限制本申请;本申请的说明书和权利要求书及上述附图说明中的术语“包括”和“具有”以及它们的任何变形,意图在于覆盖不排他的包含。本申请的说明书和权利要求书或上述附图中的术语“第一”、“第二”等是用于区别不同对象,而不是用于描述特定顺序或主次关系。Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used in this application have the same meanings as commonly understood by those skilled in the technical field of this application; the terms used in the specification of this application are only for describing specific implementations. The purpose of the examples is not intended to limit the application; the terms "including" and "having" and any variations thereof in the description and claims of the application and the above description of the drawings are intended to cover non-exclusive inclusion. The terms "first", "second", etc. in the description and claims of this application or the above-mentioned drawings are used to distinguish different objects, rather than to describe a specific order or priority relationship.
在本申请中提及“实施例”意味着,结合实施例描述的特定特征、结构或特性可以包含在本申请的至少一个实施例中。在说明书中的各个位置出现该短语并不一定均是指相同的实施例,也不是与其它实施例互斥的独立的或备选的实施例。本领域技术人员显式地和隐式地理解的是,本申请所描述的实施例可以与其它实施例相结合。Reference in this application to "an embodiment" means that a particular feature, structure or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment may be included in at least one embodiment of the application. The appearances of this phrase in various places in the specification are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment, nor are separate or alternative embodiments mutually exclusive of other embodiments. It will be explicitly and implicitly understood by those skilled in the art that the embodiments described herein may be combined with other embodiments.
随着新能源技术的发展,电池的应用领域越来越广泛,如可作为动力源为用电设备提供动力,减少不可再生资源的使用。在用电设备中电池的电量不足以支持用电设备继续行驶的情况下,可利用充电桩等充电设备对用电设备进行充电,即对用电设备中的电池进行充电,以实现电池的充、放电循环使用。但电池充电需要花费较长时间,限制了用电设备的续航使用。With the development of new energy technology, the application fields of batteries are becoming more and more extensive. For example, batteries can be used as a power source to provide power for electrical equipment and reduce the use of non-renewable resources. When the power of the battery in the electrical equipment is not enough to support the continued driving of the electrical equipment, charging equipment such as charging piles can be used to charge the electrical equipment, that is, to charge the battery in the electrical equipment to achieve battery charging. , discharge cycle use. However, battery charging takes a long time, which limits the battery life of electrical equipment.
为了提高用电设备的续航使用率,换电技术应运而生。换电技术采用“车电分离”的方式,可以通过换电站为用电设备提供电池更换服务,即电池可以从用电设备上快速取下或者安装。从用电设备上取下的电池可以放入换电站的换电柜中进行充电,以备为后续进入换电站的用电设备进行换电。In order to improve the battery life of electrical equipment, battery replacement technology came into being. Battery swapping technology adopts the method of "vehicle and battery separation", which can provide battery replacement services for electrical equipment through battery swapping stations, that is, the battery can be quickly removed or installed from the electrical equipment. The batteries removed from the power-consuming equipment can be placed in the power-swapping cabinet of the power-swapping station for charging in preparation for power-swapping of the power-consuming equipment that subsequently enters the power-swapping station.
在目前常规技术中,对用电设备的电池进行换电的整个工作过程是串行进行的。具体而言,在用电设备停驻在换电平台后,用于更换电池的装置移动到用电设备处,将待拆卸电池从用电设备上拆卸下来。然后,再将待拆卸电池搬运至电池存放机构(如充电仓或电池缓存装置)。接下来,该装置获取到待安装电池,并将待安装电池运送至用电设备处。之后,将待安装电池安装到用电设备上。In the current conventional technology, the entire process of replacing batteries of electrical equipment is performed in series. Specifically, after the electric equipment is parked on the power exchange platform, the device for replacing the battery moves to the electric equipment, and the battery to be removed is removed from the electric equipment. Then, the battery to be disassembled is transported to a battery storage mechanism (such as a charging compartment or a battery cache device). Next, the device obtains the battery to be installed and transports the battery to be installed to the electrical equipment. After that, install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment.
显然,这种工作方式所需的时间较长,进而导致用电设备的换电时间较长,影响用户体验。Obviously, this working method requires a long time, which in turn results in a long battery replacement time for the electrical equipment, affecting the user experience.
基于此,本申请实施例提供了一种电池换电的方法,通过设置两个行车,使得在将待拆卸电池拆卸下来并将待拆卸电池运送至电池缓存装置的过程中,另一个行车可以将待安装电池安装在用电设备上。也就是说,整个换电过程是并行进行的,从而能够有效减小换电时间,进而提高用户体验。Based on this, the embodiment of the present application provides a method of battery replacement by setting up two traveling vehicles, so that during the process of disassembling the battery to be disassembled and transporting the battery to the battery cache device, another traveling vehicle can transfer the battery to the battery cache device. The battery to be installed is installed on the electrical equipment. In other words, the entire power replacement process is carried out in parallel, which can effectively reduce the power replacement time and thereby improve the user experience.
图1示出了本申请实施例的电池换电的方法的应用场景的一种示意图。如图1所示,该电池换电的方法的应用场景可涉及到换电站11、用电设备12和电池。Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of an application scenario of the battery replacement method according to the embodiment of the present application. As shown in FIG. 1 , the application scenario of this battery swapping method may involve a battery swapping station 11 , a powered device 12 and a battery.
换电站11可指为用电设备提供换电服务的场所。例如,换电站11可以为固定的场所,或者,换电站11可为如移动换电车辆等可移动场所,在此并不限定。The power swap station 11 may refer to a place that provides power swap services for electrical equipment. For example, the power swap station 11 may be a fixed place, or the power swap station 11 may be a movable place such as a mobile battery swap vehicle, which is not limited here.
用电设备12可与电池可拆卸连接。在一些示例中,用电设备12可以是小汽车、重型卡车等以动力电池为动力源的车辆。The electrical device 12 can be detachably connected to the battery. In some examples, the electrical device 12 may be a car, a heavy truck, or other vehicle that uses a power battery as a power source.
电池可包括设置在用电设备12内的电池和位于换电站11中用于换电的电池。为了便于区分,如图1所示,用电设备12内的待拆卸电池记作电池141,换电站中用于换电的电池记作电池142。从电池的种类而言,该电池可以是锂离子电池、锂金属电池、铅酸电池、镍隔电池、镍氢电池、锂硫电池、锂空气电池或者钠离子电池等,在本申请实施例中不做具体限定。从电池规模而言,该电池可以是电池包、电芯/电池单体,也可以是电池模组。The battery may include a battery disposed in the electrical device 12 and a battery located in the power swap station 11 for power swapping. For ease of distinction, as shown in FIG. 1 , the battery to be disassembled in the electrical equipment 12 is denoted as battery 141 , and the battery used for power swapping in the battery swapping station is denoted as battery 142 . In terms of battery type, the battery can be a lithium-ion battery, a lithium metal battery, a lead-acid battery, a nickel separator battery, a nickel-metal hydride battery, a lithium-sulfur battery, a lithium-air battery or a sodium-ion battery. In the embodiment of the present application No specific restrictions are made. In terms of battery scale, the battery can be a battery pack, a cell/battery cell, or a battery module.
电池除了可作为动力源为用电设备的电机供电,还可为用电设备中的其他用电器件供电,例如,该电池还可为车内空调、车载播放器等供电。In addition to being used as a power source to power the motors of electrical equipment, batteries can also power other electrical devices in electrical equipment. For example, the battery can also power in-car air conditioners, car players, etc.
当安装有电池141的用电设备12驶入换电站11之后,换电站11通过换电装置将电池141从用电设备12取下,并从换电站11中取出电池142,然后将电池142安装到用电设备辆12上。之后安装有电池142的用电设备12可以驶离换电站11。通过该换电技术,可以在几分钟、甚至数十秒内对用电设备进行快速的能量补充,提高了用户的体验。When the electrical equipment 12 installed with the battery 141 drives into the power swap station 11, the power swap station 11 removes the battery 141 from the electrical equipment 12 through the power swap device, takes out the battery 142 from the power swap station 11, and then installs the battery 142 Go to the electrical equipment vehicle 12. Afterwards, the electrical equipment 12 with the battery 142 installed can drive away from the power swap station 11 . Through this power swap technology, power-consuming equipment can be quickly replenished with energy within a few minutes or even tens of seconds, improving the user experience.
如图1所示,换电站11中可设置有换电柜13。换电柜13包括电池管理单元(battery management unit,BMU)131。此外,换电柜13还可设置有多个充电仓132,用于换电的电池可放置于充电仓132中。As shown in FIG. 1 , a power swap cabinet 13 may be provided in the power swap station 11 . The power swap cabinet 13 includes a battery management unit (battery management unit, BMU) 131. In addition, the power swapping cabinet 13 may also be provided with multiple charging compartments 132, and batteries used for power swapping may be placed in the charging compartments 132.
换电站11还可对应设置有管理装置。该管理装置可为集中式结构,也可为分布式结构,在此并不限定。管理装置可设置在换电站11内,也可以设置在换电站11外。在管理装置为分布式结构的情况下,管理装置还可以部分设置在换电站11内,部分设置在换电站11外。例如,如图1所示,管理装置可以包括换电站11内的站控系统151和换电站11外的云端服务器152,在此并不限定。The power swap station 11 may also be provided with a corresponding management device. The management device may have a centralized structure or a distributed structure, which is not limited here. The management device can be installed inside the power swap station 11 or outside the power swap station 11 . When the management device has a distributed structure, the management device may also be partially installed inside the power swap station 11 and partially outside the power swap station 11 . For example, as shown in FIG. 1 , the management device may include a station control system 151 within the power swap station 11 and a cloud server 152 outside the power swap station 11 , which is not limited here.
可选地,BMU 131可通过有线或无线方式与其他单元、模块、装置等进行通信交互。站控系统151可通过有线或无线方式与其他单元、模块、装置等进行通信交互。有线通信方式例如可以包括制器局域网(control area network,CAN)通信方式、菊花链(daisy chain)通信方式。无线通信方式例如可以包括蓝牙通信、无线保真(wireless fidelity,WIFI)通信、ZigBee通信等各种方式,在此并不限定。Optionally, the BMU 131 can communicate and interact with other units, modules, devices, etc. through wired or wireless methods. The station control system 151 can communicate and interact with other units, modules, devices, etc. through wired or wireless methods. The wired communication method may include, for example, a control area network (CAN) communication method and a daisy chain (daisy chain) communication method. Wireless communication methods may include, for example, Bluetooth communication, wireless fidelity (WIFI) communication, ZigBee communication, and other various methods, which are not limited here.
例如,站控系统151可以与BMU 131进行通信,以获取用电设备12上的电池141或充电仓133内的电池142的相关信息。再例如,站控系统151也可以与云端服务器152之间进行通信,以获取用电设备12上的电池141或充电仓133内的电池142的相关信息。For example, the station control system 151 can communicate with the BMU 131 to obtain relevant information about the battery 141 on the electrical device 12 or the battery 142 in the charging compartment 133. For another example, the station control system 151 can also communicate with the cloud server 152 to obtain relevant information about the battery 141 on the electrical device 12 or the battery 142 in the charging compartment 133 .
图2示出了本申请实施例的一种电池换电的方法200的示意性流程图。方法200可以包括以下内容中的至少部分内容。FIG. 2 shows a schematic flow chart of a battery replacement method 200 according to an embodiment of the present application. Method 200 may include at least some of the following.
S210,控制拆卸行车拆卸用电设备的待拆卸电池,拆卸行车为第一行车和第二行车中的一个行车。S210, control the disassembly of the battery to be disassembled by the electrical equipment, and the disassembly of the vehicle is one of the first vehicle and the second vehicle.
S220,在拆卸行车将待拆卸电池拆卸下来后且控制拆卸行车将待拆卸电池运送至充电仓的过程中,控制安装行车将待安装电池安装在用电设备上,安装行车为第一行车和第二行车中的另一个行车。S220, after the disassembly drive has removed the battery to be disassembled and the disassembly drive is controlled to transport the battery to be removed to the charging bin, the installation drive is controlled to install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment. The installation drive is the first drive and the second drive. Another of the two trains.
方法200可以应用于换电站中。如前文所述,换电站可以为固定的场所,也可以为可移动场所。方法200可由换电站中的管理装置执行,例如由站控系统执行,如图1中的站控系统151。示例性地,在用电设备停驻在换电站的换电通道后,站控系统可以执行方法200。 Method 200 can be applied in a battery swap station. As mentioned above, the battery swap station can be a fixed place or a movable place. Method 200 may be executed by a management device in a battery swapping station, for example, by a station control system, such as the station control system 151 in Figure 1 . For example, after the electrical equipment is parked in the power swap channel of the power swap station, the station control system may execute method 200.
其中,站控系统可以通过无线的方式与第一行车和第二行车进行通信,以执行方法200。例如,通过蓝牙通信、WIFI通信或ZigBee通信等无线通信方式与第一行车和第二行车进行通信。The station control system can communicate with the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle in a wireless manner to execute method 200. For example, the first vehicle and the second vehicle are communicated through wireless communication methods such as Bluetooth communication, WIFI communication or ZigBee communication.
可选地,待拆卸电池可以为亏电电池,待安装电池可以为满电电池。Optionally, the battery to be removed can be a depleted battery, and the battery to be installed can be a fully charged battery.
或者,待拆卸电池可以为异常电池,如发生热失控的电池,或者形状出现变形的电池等。此时,待安装电池也可以为满电电池,或者也可以为电量与待拆卸电池的电量相同,但未发生热失控或形状出现变形的电池。Alternatively, the battery to be disassembled may be an abnormal battery, such as a battery that has experienced thermal runaway, or a battery that is deformed in shape. At this time, the battery to be installed can also be a fully charged battery, or it can also be a battery with the same power as the battery to be removed, but without thermal runaway or shape deformation.
用电设备可以为电动车辆,也可以为船舶或航天器等。电动车辆例如可以为重型卡车,如洒水车、消防车、拉土车、载货车等。据分析,重型卡车总体市场保有量约为700万辆,超过70%的重型卡车24小时运营(两班倒或三班倒)。在这种情况下,用电设备为重型卡车,能够提高重型卡车的使用体验。并且对于重型卡车来说,相较于充电,换电模式能够有效解决充电车位稀缺、电池容量大、充电时间长等痛点。The electrical equipment can be an electric vehicle, a ship or a spacecraft, etc. The electric vehicle may be, for example, a heavy-duty truck, such as a sprinkler truck, a fire truck, an earth-moving truck, a truck, etc. According to analysis, the overall heavy-duty truck market has about 7 million units, and more than 70% of heavy-duty trucks operate 24 hours a day (two or three shifts). In this case, the electrical equipment is a heavy-duty truck, which can improve the use experience of heavy-duty trucks. And for heavy-duty trucks, compared to charging, the battery swap mode can effectively solve the pain points of scarcity of charging parking spaces, large battery capacity, and long charging time.
第一行车和第二行车的形状和大小可以相同,也可以不同,本申请实施例对此不作具体限定。The shapes and sizes of the first carriage and the second carriage may be the same or different, and this is not specifically limited in the embodiment of the present application.
第一行车和第二行车之间可以进行通信。例如,第一行车和第二行车之间可以通过有线或无线方式进行通信。Communication is possible between the first train and the second train. For example, communication between the first train and the second train can be through wired or wireless means.
应理解,在本申请实施例中,“第一”和“第二”仅仅为了区分不同的对象,但并不对本申请实施例的范围构成限制。It should be understood that in the embodiments of the present application, “first” and “second” are only used to distinguish different objects, but do not limit the scope of the embodiments of the present application.
本申请实施例,通过设置两个行车,使得在将待拆卸电池拆卸下来并将待拆卸电池运送至电池缓存装置的过程中,另一个行车可以将待安装电池安装在用电设备上。也就是说,整个换电过程是并行进行的,从而能够有效减小换电时间,提高用户体验。In the embodiment of the present application, two cranes are provided, so that during the process of disassembling the battery to be disassembled and transporting the battery to the battery cache device, another crane can install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment. In other words, the entire power replacement process is carried out in parallel, which can effectively reduce the power replacement time and improve user experience.
充电仓为可以对电池进行充电的装置,例如,可以为图1中的充电仓132。换电站可以包括多个充电仓。The charging compartment is a device that can charge the battery. For example, it can be the charging compartment 132 in Figure 1 . A battery swap station may include multiple charging bays.
在一些实施例中,换电通道的两侧可以均设置有充电仓。In some embodiments, charging compartments may be provided on both sides of the battery exchange channel.
其中,换电通道的每侧可以设置有至少一个充电仓。换电通道的两侧设置的充电仓的数量可以相同,也可以不同。Wherein, at least one charging compartment can be provided on each side of the power exchange channel. The number of charging bins provided on both sides of the power exchange channel can be the same or different.
上述技术方案,在换电通道的两侧均设置有充电仓,这样,无论拆卸行车位于换电通道的哪侧,都可以很方便地将拆卸下来的电池放置在充电仓中,以使充电仓对待拆卸电池进行充电;或者,无论安装电池位于换电通道的哪侧,也可以很方便地从 充电仓取中取出待安装电池,便于换电过程的进行,并且有效提高了电池换电的效率。In the above technical solution, charging bins are provided on both sides of the battery swap channel. In this way, no matter which side of the battery swap channel the disassembled driving vehicle is located on, the disassembled battery can be easily placed in the charging bin, so that the charging bin Charge the battery to be removed; or, no matter which side of the battery replacement channel the installed battery is located on, you can easily take out the battery to be installed from the charging compartment, which facilitates the battery replacement process and effectively improves the efficiency of battery replacement. .
在一些实施例中,方法200还可以包括:在第一行车和第二行车中确定拆卸行车和安装行车。In some embodiments, method 200 may further include: determining a disassembly run and an installation run in the first run and the second run.
该技术方案,在第一行车和第二行车中确定拆卸行车和安装行车,能够避免第一行车和第二行车在换电过程中发生冲突的问题,比如第一行车和第二行车均进行拆卸电池或均进行安装电池的操作,有利地保证了电池换电的顺利进行。This technical solution determines the disassembly and installation of the first carriage and the second carriage, which can avoid the problem of conflict between the first carriage and the second carriage during the power exchange process, such as disassembly of both the first carriage and the second carriage. The battery or battery installation operation is performed, which advantageously ensures the smooth progress of battery replacement.
示例性地,可以在第一行车和第二行车中任意确定拆卸行车和安装行车。By way of example, the disassembly operation and the installation operation can be determined arbitrarily between the first operation and the second operation.
再示例性地,可以将第一行车和第二行车中的一个固定为拆卸行车,将另一个固定为安装行车。比如,可以将第一行车固定为拆卸行车,将第二行车固定为安装行车。As another example, one of the first carriage and the second carriage may be fixed as a disassembly carriage, and the other may be fixed as an installation carriage. For example, the first carriage can be fixed as a disassembly carriage, and the second carriage can be fixed as an installation carriage.
再示例性地,第一行车和第二行车可以交替作为拆卸行车和安装行车。比如,在对上一个用电设备的电池进行换电时,确定第一行车为拆卸行车,第二行车为安装行车。那么在对当前用电设备的电池进行换电时,将第一行车确定为安装行车,将第二行车确定为拆卸行车。As another example, the first carriage and the second carriage may alternately serve as a removal carriage and an installation carriage. For example, when replacing the battery of the previous electrical equipment, it is determined that the first operation is the disassembly operation and the second operation is the installation operation. Then, when replacing the battery of the current electrical equipment, the first driving operation is determined as the installation operation, and the second operation is determined as the disassembly operation.
再示例性地,可以根据用电设备进入换电站的方向,在第一行车和第二行车中确定拆卸行车和安装行车。As another example, the disassembly operation and the installation operation can be determined in the first operation and the second operation according to the direction in which the electrical equipment enters the battery swap station.
根据用电设备进入换电站的方向确定拆卸行车和安装行车,这样,用电设备的电池所处的位置便于拆卸行车进行拆卸待拆卸电池的操作,并且便于安装行车进行安装待安装电池的操作,进而简化了电池换电的复杂度,进一步提高了电池换电的效率。Determine the disassembly and installation operation according to the direction in which the electrical equipment enters the battery swapping station. In this way, the location of the battery of the electric equipment is convenient for the disassembly operation of the operation of disassembling the battery to be removed, and is convenient for the installation operation of the installation operation of the battery to be installed. This further simplifies the complexity of battery replacement and further improves the efficiency of battery replacement.
具体而言,若用电设备从换电站的入口方向进入换电站,则可以将第一行车确定为拆卸行车,将第二行车确定为安装行车。此时,第一行车的位置方便拆卸用电设备的电池,第二行车的位置方便安装用电设备的电池。Specifically, if the electrical equipment enters the battery swap station from the entrance direction of the battery swap station, the first vehicle can be determined as a disassembly vehicle and the second vehicle can be determined as an installation vehicle. At this time, the first driving position is convenient for removing the battery of the electrical equipment, and the second driving position is convenient for installing the battery of the electrical equipment.
若用电设备从换电站的出口方向进入换电站,则可以将第一行车确定为安装行车,将第二行车确定为拆卸行车。此时,第一行车所处的位置便于安装用电设备的电池,第二行车所处的位置便于拆卸用电设备的电池。If the electrical equipment enters the battery swap station from the exit direction of the battery swap station, the first drive can be determined as the installation drive, and the second drive can be determined as the disassembly drive. At this time, the position of the first traveling vehicle is convenient for installing the battery of the electrical equipment, and the position of the second traveling vehicle is convenient for removing the battery of the electrical equipment.
由于有些换电站如重卡换电站没有道闸,使得换电站的两边都可能会被误认为是换电站的入口。上述技术方案,根据用电设备是从换电站的入口方向还是出口方向进入的换电站来确定拆卸行车和安装行车,这样,无论用电设备从换电站的哪个口进入换电站,都可以完成电池的换电。也就是说,上述技术方案允许用电设备的双边入站,无入口和出口区分,提高了电池换电的灵活性。Since some battery swapping stations, such as heavy truck battery swapping stations, do not have gates, both sides of the battery swapping station may be mistaken for the entrance of the battery swapping station. The above technical solution determines the disassembly and installation operation according to whether the electric equipment enters the battery swap station from the entrance direction or the exit direction. In this way, no matter which entrance of the battery swap station the electric equipment enters the battery swap station, the battery can be completed. of battery replacement. In other words, the above technical solution allows bilateral entry of electrical equipment without distinction between entrance and exit, which improves the flexibility of battery replacement.
可选地,第一行车和第二行车可以分别位于换电通道的两侧。Optionally, the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle may be located on both sides of the power exchange channel respectively.
比如,沿用电设备的尾部到头部的方向,第一行车可以位于换电通道的左侧,第二行车可以位于换电通道的右侧。或者,第一行车可以位于换电通道的右侧,第二行车可以位于换电通道的左侧。For example, along the direction from the tail to the head of the electrical equipment, the first carriage can be located on the left side of the power exchange channel, and the second carriage can be located on the right side of the power exchange channel. Alternatively, the first traveling vehicle may be located on the right side of the power exchange channel, and the second traveling vehicle may be located on the left side of the power swapping channel.
其中,第一行车和第二行车可以对称地位于换电通道的两侧,也可以非对称地位于换电通道的两侧。The first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle may be symmetrically located on both sides of the power exchange channel, or may be asymmetrically located on both sides of the power exchange channel.
上述技术方案,将第一行车和第二行车设置在换电通道的两侧,一方面,能够避免第一行车和第二行车在工作过程中发生冲突,比如轨迹重叠的问题。另一方面, 无论用电设备从换电站的哪个方向进入换电站,都可以完成电池的换电。也就是说,上述技术方案允许用电设备的双边入站,无入口和出口区分,提高了电池换电的灵活性。In the above technical solution, the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle are arranged on both sides of the power exchange channel. On the one hand, it can avoid conflicts between the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle during the work process, such as the problem of overlapping trajectories. On the other hand, no matter which direction the electrical equipment enters the power swap station, the battery swap can be completed. In other words, the above technical solution allows bilateral entry of electrical equipment without distinction between entrance and exit, which improves the flexibility of battery replacement.
考虑到换电站的充电仓可能距离用电设备的停驻位置较远,为了进一步减少换电时间,在一些实施例中,方法200还可以包括:在控制拆卸行车拆卸待拆卸电池时,控制安装行车将待安装电池从充电仓运送至待安装电池的安装位置。Considering that the charging compartment of the power swap station may be far away from the parking location of the electrical equipment, in order to further reduce the power swap time, in some embodiments, the method 200 may also include: controlling the installation while controlling the removal of the battery to be removed while driving. Driving the vehicle, transport the battery to be installed from the charging compartment to the installation location of the battery to be installed.
可选地,可以控制安装行车从距离用电设备最远的充电仓中取出待安装电池,也可以控制安装行车从距离用电设备最近的充电仓中取出待安装电池,或者,也可以控制安装行车从所有充电仓中任意取出一个待安装电池,再或者,可以根据拆卸行车拆卸待拆卸电池所需要的时长确定从哪个充电仓中取待安装电池。Optionally, the installation driving vehicle can be controlled to take out the battery to be installed from the charging compartment farthest from the electrical equipment, or the installation driving vehicle can be controlled to take out the battery to be installed from the charging compartment closest to the electrical equipment, or the installation can also be controlled. Take out any battery to be installed from all the charging compartments while driving, or you can determine which charging compartment to take the battery to be installed from based on the time required to remove the battery while driving.
参考图3-图6举例说明。在图3-图6中,H为换电通道,A为待安装电池,B为待拆卸电池。沿用电设备的尾部到头部的方向,图3和图4中的拆卸行车位于用电设备的左侧,安装行车位于用电设备的右侧;图5和图6中的拆卸行车位于用电设备的右侧,安装行车位于用电设备的左侧。Refer to Figures 3-6 for examples. In Figures 3 to 6, H is the battery replacement channel, A is the battery to be installed, and B is the battery to be removed. Along the direction from the tail to the head of the electrical equipment, the disassembly crane in Figures 3 and 4 is located on the left side of the electrical equipment, and the installation crane is located on the right side of the electrical equipment; the disassembly crane in Figures 5 and 6 is located on the right side of the electrical equipment. On the right side of the equipment, the installation carriage is located on the left side of the electrical equipment.
从图3和图5中可以看出,在拆卸行车拆卸待拆卸电池时,安装行车将待安装电池从充电仓运送至了待安装电池的安装位置。从图4和图6中可以看出,在拆卸行车将拆卸下来的待拆卸电池运送至充电仓的过程中,安装行车将待安装电池安装在用电设备上。It can be seen from Figures 3 and 5 that when the disassembly driving vehicle removes the battery to be disassembled, the installation driving vehicle transports the battery to be installed from the charging compartment to the installation position of the battery to be installed. As can be seen from Figures 4 and 6, during the process of transporting the disassembled battery to be disassembled to the charging bin by the disassembly vehicle, the installation vehicle installs the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment.
上述技术方案,控制拆卸行车拆卸待拆卸电池的操作和安装行车将待安装电池从充电仓运送至安装位置的操作同时进行,也就是在电池换电的过程中,多个操作是并行进行的,如此,能够进一步减少换电时间,提高换电效率。The above technical solution controls the operation of dismantling the battery to be removed while driving and the operation of transporting the battery to be installed from the charging compartment to the installation location while driving. That is to say, during the battery replacement process, multiple operations are performed in parallel. In this way, the power replacement time can be further reduced and the power replacement efficiency can be improved.
在本申请实施例中,上述各过程的序号的大小并不意味着执行顺序的先后,各过程的执行顺序应以其功能和内在逻辑确定,而不应对本申请实施例的实施过程构成任何限定。In the embodiments of the present application, the size of the serial numbers of the above-mentioned processes does not mean the order of execution. The execution order of each process should be determined by its functions and internal logic, and should not constitute any limitation on the implementation process of the embodiments of the present application. .
并且,在不冲突的前提下,本申请描述的各个实施例和/或各个实施例中的技术特征可以任意的相互组合,组合之后得到的技术方案也应落入本申请的保护范围。Furthermore, as long as there is no conflict, the various embodiments described in this application and/or the technical features in each embodiment can be combined with each other arbitrarily, and the technical solution obtained after the combination should also fall within the protection scope of this application.
上文详细描述了本申请实施例的电池换电的方法,下面将描述本申请实施例的站控系统。The battery replacement method of the embodiment of the present application is described in detail above. The station control system of the embodiment of the present application will be described below.
图7示出了本申请实施例的站控系统700的示意性框图。如图7所示,该电池站控系统700可以包括:Figure 7 shows a schematic block diagram of the station control system 700 according to the embodiment of the present application. As shown in Figure 7, the battery station control system 700 may include:
控制单元710,用于控制拆卸行车拆卸用电设备的待拆卸电池,拆卸行车为第一行车和第二行车中的一个行车。The control unit 710 is used to control the disassembly of the to-be-disassembled battery of the electrical equipment during the disassembly operation. The disassembly operation is one of the first operation operation and the second operation operation.
控制单元710还用于,在拆卸行车将待拆卸电池拆卸下来后且控制拆卸行车将待拆卸电池运送至充电仓的过程中,控制安装行车将待安装电池安装在用电设备上,安装行车为第一行车和第二行车中的另一个行车。The control unit 710 is also used to control the installation driving vehicle to install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment after the disassembly driving vehicle has removed the battery to be disassembled and during the process of controlling the disassembly driving vehicle to transport the battery to be disassembled to the charging bin. The installation driving vehicle is Row 1 and another row in row 2.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,站控系统700还包括:确定单元,用于在第一行车和第二行车中确定拆卸行车和安装行车。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, the station control system 700 further includes: a determination unit, used to determine the disassembly and installation of the vehicle in the first vehicle operation and the second vehicle operation.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,确定单元具体用于:根据用电设备进入换电站的 方向,在第一行车和第二行车中确定拆卸行车和安装行车。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, the determination unit is specifically configured to determine the disassembly operation and the installation operation in the first operation and the second operation according to the direction in which the electrical equipment enters the battery swap station.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,若用电设备从换电站的入口方向进入换电站,第一行车为拆卸行车,第二行车为安装行车;若用电设备从换电站的出口方向进入换电站,第一行车为安装行车,第二行车为拆卸行车。Optionally, in the embodiment of the present application, if the electrical equipment enters the power swap station from the entrance direction of the power swap station, the first drive is a disassembly drive, and the second drive is an installation drive; if the electrical equipment enters from the exit direction of the power swap station, In the battery swapping station, the first operation is installation operation, and the second operation is disassembly operation.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,第一行车和第二行车分别位于换电站的换电通道的两侧。Optionally, in this embodiment of the present application, the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle are respectively located on both sides of the battery swapping channel of the battery swapping station.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,换电通道的两侧均设置有充电仓。Optionally, in this embodiment of the present application, charging compartments are provided on both sides of the power exchange channel.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,控制单元710还用于:在控制拆卸行车拆卸待拆卸电池时,控制安装行车将待安装电池从充电仓运送至待安装电池的安装位置。Optionally, in this embodiment of the present application, the control unit 710 is also configured to: when controlling the disassembly vehicle to remove the battery to be disassembled, control the installation vehicle to transport the battery to be installed from the charging compartment to the installation location of the battery to be installed.
可选地,在本申请实施例中,用电设备为重型卡车。Optionally, in this embodiment of the present application, the electrical equipment is a heavy-duty truck.
应理解,该装置700可以实现该方法200中的相应操作,为了简洁,在此不再赘述。It should be understood that the device 700 can implement the corresponding operations in the method 200, and for the sake of brevity, they will not be described again here.
图8是本申请实施例的站控系统800的硬件结构示意图。该站控系统800包括存储器801、处理器802、通信接口803以及总线804。其中,存储器801、处理器802、通信接口803通过总线804实现彼此之间的通信连接。Figure 8 is a schematic diagram of the hardware structure of the station control system 800 according to the embodiment of the present application. The station control system 800 includes a memory 801, a processor 802, a communication interface 803 and a bus 804. Among them, the memory 801, the processor 802, and the communication interface 803 implement communication connections between each other through the bus 804.
存储器801可以是只读存储器(read-only memory,ROM),静态存储设备和随机存取存储器(random access memory,RAM)。存储器801可以存储程序,当存储器801中存储的程序被处理器802执行时,处理器802和通信接口803用于执行本申请实施例的电池换电的方法的各个步骤。The memory 801 may be a read-only memory (ROM), a static storage device, and a random access memory (RAM). The memory 801 can store programs. When the program stored in the memory 801 is executed by the processor 802, the processor 802 and the communication interface 803 are used to execute various steps of the battery replacement method in the embodiment of the present application.
处理器802可以采用通用的中央处理器(central processing unit,CPU),微处理器,应用专用集成电路(application specific integrated circuit,ASIC),图形处理器(graphics processing unit,GPU)或者一个或多个集成电路,用于执行相关程序,以实现本申请实施例的站控系统中的单元所需执行的功能,或者执行本申请实施例的电池换电的方法。The processor 802 may be a general central processing unit (CPU), a microprocessor, an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a graphics processing unit (GPU), or one or more The integrated circuit is used to execute relevant programs to implement the functions required to be performed by the units in the station control system of the embodiment of the present application, or to perform the battery replacement method of the embodiment of the present application.
处理器802还可以是一种集成电路芯片,具有信号的处理能力。在实现过程中,本申请实施例的电池换电的方法的各个步骤可以通过处理器802中的硬件的集成逻辑电路或者软件形式的指令完成。The processor 802 may also be an integrated circuit chip with signal processing capabilities. During the implementation process, each step of the battery swapping method in the embodiment of the present application can be completed by instructions in the form of hardware integrated logic circuits or software in the processor 802 .
上述处理器802还可以是通用处理器、数字信号处理器(digital signal processing,DSP)、ASIC、现成可编程门阵列(field programmable gate array,FPGA)或者其他可编程逻辑器件、分立门或者晶体管逻辑器件、分立硬件组件。可以实现或者执行本申请实施例中的公开的各方法、步骤及逻辑框图。通用处理器可以是微处理器或者该处理器也可以是任何常规的处理器等。结合本申请实施例所公开的方法的步骤可以直接体现为硬件处理器执行完成,或者用处理器中的硬件及软件模块组合执行完成。软件模块可以位于随机存储器,闪存、只读存储器,可编程只读存储器或者电可擦写可编程存储器、寄存器等本领域成熟的存储介质中。该存储介质位于存储器801,处理器802读取存储器801中的信息,结合其硬件完成本申请实施例的站控系统中包括的单元所需执行的功能,或者执行本申请实施例的电池换电的方法。The above-mentioned processor 802 can also be a general-purpose processor, a digital signal processor (digital signal processing, DSP), an ASIC, an off-the-shelf programmable gate array (field programmable gate array, FPGA) or other programmable logic devices, discrete gates or transistor logic devices, discrete hardware components. Each method, step and logical block diagram disclosed in the embodiment of this application can be implemented or executed. A general-purpose processor may be a microprocessor or the processor may be any conventional processor, etc. The steps of the methods disclosed in conjunction with the embodiments of the present application can be directly implemented by a hardware processor for execution, or can be executed by a combination of hardware and software modules in the processor. The software module can be located in random access memory, flash memory, read-only memory, programmable read-only memory or electrically erasable programmable memory, registers and other mature storage media in this field. The storage medium is located in the memory 801. The processor 802 reads the information in the memory 801, and combines its hardware to complete the functions required to be performed by the units included in the station control system of the embodiment of the present application, or to perform the battery replacement of the embodiment of the present application. Methods.
通信接口803使用例如但不限于收发器一类的收发装置,来实现站控系统800 与其他设备或通信网络之间的通信。The communication interface 803 uses a transceiver device such as but not limited to a transceiver to implement communication between the station control system 800 and other devices or communication networks.
总线804可包括在站控系统800各个部件(例如,存储器801、处理器802、通信接口803)之间传送信息的通路。 Bus 804 may include a path for transmitting information between various components of station control system 800 (eg, memory 801, processor 802, communication interface 803).
应注意,尽管上述站控系统800仅仅示出了存储器、处理器、通信接口,但是在具体实现过程中,本领域的技术人员应当理解,站控系统800还可以包括实现正常运行所必须的其他器件。同时,根据具体需要,本领域的技术人员应当理解,站控系统800还可包括实现其他附加功能的硬件器件。此外,本领域的技术人员应当理解,站控系统800也可仅仅包括实现本申请实施例所必须的器件,而不必包括图8中所示的全部器件。It should be noted that although the above-mentioned station control system 800 only shows a memory, a processor, and a communication interface, during the specific implementation process, those skilled in the art will understand that the station control system 800 may also include other components necessary for normal operation. device. At the same time, based on specific needs, those skilled in the art should understand that the station control system 800 may also include hardware devices that implement other additional functions. In addition, those skilled in the art should understand that the station control system 800 may only include components necessary to implement the embodiments of the present application, and does not necessarily include all components shown in FIG. 8 .
应理解,站控系统800例如可以为图1中的站控系统151。It should be understood that the station control system 800 may be, for example, the station control system 151 in FIG. 1 .
本申请实施例还提供了一种换电站,该换电站可以包括站控系统、拆卸行车和安装行车。其中,站控系统可以为图7所示的站控系统700或图8所示的站控系统800。拆卸行车用于在站控系统的控制下拆卸用电设备的待拆卸电池,以及在将待拆卸电池拆卸下来后将待拆卸电池运送至充电仓。安装行车用于在拆卸行车将待拆卸电池运送至充电仓的过程中,在站控系统的控制下将待安装电池安装在用电设备上。Embodiments of the present application also provide a power swap station, which may include a station control system, a disassembly drive, and an installation drive. The station control system may be the station control system 700 shown in FIG. 7 or the station control system 800 shown in FIG. 8 . The disassembly driving vehicle is used to disassemble the battery to be disassembled of the electrical equipment under the control of the station control system, and to transport the disassembled battery to the charging bin after disassembling the battery. The installation crane is used to install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment under the control of the station control system during the process of disassembling the crane to transport the battery to be removed to the charging bin.
本申请实施例还提供了一种计算机可读存储介质,用于存储计算机程序,该计算机程序用于执行前述本申请各种实施例的方法。Embodiments of the present application also provide a computer-readable storage medium for storing a computer program. The computer program is used to execute the foregoing methods of various embodiments of the present application.
上述的计算机可读存储介质可以是暂态计算机可读存储介质,也可以是非暂态计算机可读存储介质。The above-mentioned computer-readable storage medium may be a transient computer-readable storage medium or a non-transitory computer-readable storage medium.
本申请实施例还提供了一种计算机程序产品,该计算机程序产品包括存储在计算机可读存储介质上的计算机程序,该计算机程序包括程序指令,当程序指令被计算机执行时,使计算机执行上述电池换电的方法。Embodiments of the present application also provide a computer program product. The computer program product includes a computer program stored on a computer-readable storage medium. The computer program includes program instructions. When the program instructions are executed by the computer, the computer is caused to execute the above-mentioned battery operation. How to replace electricity.
最后应说明的是:以上实施例仅用以说明本申请的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述实施例对本申请进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换,但这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本申请各实施例技术方案的精神和范围。Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present application, but not to limit it; although the present application has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should understand that it can still be Modifications may be made to the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments, or equivalent substitutions may be made to some of the technical features, but these modifications or substitutions do not cause the essence of the corresponding technical solutions to depart from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application.

Claims (19)

  1. 一种电池换电的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括:A method of battery replacement, characterized in that the method includes:
    控制拆卸行车拆卸用电设备的待拆卸电池,所述拆卸行车为第一行车和第二行车中的一个行车;Control the disassembly operation to disassemble the battery to be disassembled of the electrical equipment, and the disassembly operation is one of the first operation operation and the second operation operation;
    在所述拆卸行车将所述待拆卸电池拆卸下来后且控制所述拆卸行车将所述待拆卸电池运送至充电仓的过程中,控制安装行车将待安装电池安装在所述用电设备上,所述安装行车为所述第一行车和所述第二行车中的另一个行车。After the disassembly driving vehicle has disassembled the battery to be disassembled and the disassembly driving vehicle is controlled to transport the battery to be disassembled to the charging bin, the installation driving vehicle is controlled to install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment, The installation vehicle is the other one of the first vehicle and the second vehicle.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:The method of claim 1, further comprising:
    在所述第一行车和所述第二行车中确定所述拆卸行车和所述安装行车。The disassembly operation and the installation operation are determined in the first operation and in the second operation.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述在所述第一行车和所述第二行车中确定所述拆卸行车和所述安装行车,包括:The method according to claim 2, wherein determining the disassembly operation and the installation operation in the first operation and the second operation includes:
    根据所述用电设备进入换电站的方向,在所述第一行车和所述第二行车中确定所述拆卸行车和所述安装行车。According to the direction in which the electrical equipment enters the power swap station, the disassembly traveling vehicle and the installation traveling vehicle are determined among the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,若所述用电设备从所述换电站的入口方向进入所述换电站,所述第一行车为所述拆卸行车,所述第二行车为所述安装行车;The method according to claim 3, characterized in that if the electrical equipment enters the battery swapping station from the entrance direction of the battery swapping station, the first driving vehicle is the disassembly driving vehicle, and the second driving vehicle is Said installation and driving;
    若所述用电设备从所述换电站的出口方向进入所述换电站,所述第一行车为所述安装行车,所述第二行车为所述拆卸行车。If the electrical equipment enters the power swap station from the exit direction of the power swap station, the first drive is the installation drive, and the second drive is the disassembly drive.
  5. 根据权利要求1至4中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述第一行车和所述第二行车分别位于换电站的换电通道的两侧。The method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle are respectively located on both sides of the battery swapping channel of the battery swapping station.
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于,所述换电通道的两侧均设置有所述充电仓。The method according to claim 5, characterized in that the charging compartments are provided on both sides of the power exchange channel.
  7. 根据权利要求1至6中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:The method according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the method further includes:
    在控制所述拆卸行车拆卸所述待拆卸电池时,控制所述安装行车将所述待安装电池从所述充电仓运送至所述待安装电池的安装位置。When the disassembly driving vehicle is controlled to remove the battery to be disassembled, the installation driving vehicle is controlled to transport the battery to be installed from the charging compartment to the installation position of the battery to be installed.
  8. 根据权利要求1至7中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述用电设备为重型卡车。The method according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the electrical equipment is a heavy-duty truck.
  9. 一种站控系统,其特征在于,包括:A station control system is characterized by including:
    控制单元,用于控制拆卸行车拆卸用电设备的待拆卸电池,所述拆卸行车为第一行车和第二行车中的一个行车;A control unit for controlling the disassembly of the battery to be disassembled of the electrical equipment during the disassembly operation, which is one of the first operation operation and the second operation operation;
    所述控制单元还用于,在所述拆卸行车将所述待拆卸电池拆卸下来后且控制所述拆卸行车将所述待拆卸电池运送至充电仓的过程中,控制安装行车将待安装电池安装在所述用电设备上,所述安装行车为所述第一行车和所述第二行车中的另一个行车。The control unit is also used to control the installation driving vehicle to install the battery to be installed after the disassembly driving vehicle has disassembled the battery to be disassembled and during the process of controlling the disassembly driving vehicle to transport the battery to be disassembled to the charging bin. On the electrical equipment, the installation vehicle is the other one of the first vehicle and the second vehicle.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的站控系统,其特征在于,还包括:The station control system according to claim 9, further comprising:
    确定单元,用于在所述第一行车和所述第二行车中确定所述拆卸行车和所述安装行车。A determining unit is configured to determine the disassembly operation and the installation operation in the first operation and the second operation.
  11. 根据权利要求10所述的站控系统,其特征在于,所述确定单元具体用于:The station control system according to claim 10, characterized in that the determining unit is specifically used to:
    根据所述用电设备进入换电站的方向,在所述第一行车和所述第二行车中确定所述拆卸行车和所述安装行车。According to the direction in which the electrical equipment enters the power swap station, the disassembly traveling vehicle and the installation traveling vehicle are determined among the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle.
  12. 根据权利要求11所述的站控系统,其特征在于,若所述用电设备从所述换电站的入口方向进入所述换电站,所述第一行车为所述拆卸行车,所述第二行车为所述安装行车;The station control system according to claim 11, characterized in that if the electrical equipment enters the power swap station from the entrance direction of the power swap station, the first driving vehicle is the disassembly driving vehicle, and the second driving vehicle The driving is the installation driving as described;
    若所述用电设备从所述换电站的出口方向进入所述换电站,所述第一行车为所述安装行车,所述第二行车为所述拆卸行车。If the electrical equipment enters the power swap station from the exit direction of the power swap station, the first drive is the installation drive, and the second drive is the disassembly drive.
  13. 根据权利要求9至12中任一项所述的站控系统,其特征在于,所述第一行车和所述第二行车分别位于换电站的换电通道的两侧。The station control system according to any one of claims 9 to 12, characterized in that the first traveling vehicle and the second traveling vehicle are respectively located on both sides of the battery swap channel of the battery swap station.
  14. 根据权利要求13所述的站控系统,其特征在于,所述换电通道的两侧均设置有所述充电仓。The station control system according to claim 13, characterized in that the charging bins are provided on both sides of the power exchange channel.
  15. 根据权利要求9至14中任一项所述的站控系统,其特征在于,所述控制单元还用于:The station control system according to any one of claims 9 to 14, characterized in that the control unit is also used for:
    在控制所述拆卸行车拆卸所述待拆卸电池时,控制所述安装行车将所述待安装电池从所述充电仓运送至所述待安装电池的安装位置。When the disassembly driving vehicle is controlled to remove the battery to be disassembled, the installation driving vehicle is controlled to transport the battery to be installed from the charging compartment to the installation position of the battery to be installed.
  16. 根据权利要求9至15中任一项所述的站控系统,其特征在于,所述用电设备为重型卡车。The station control system according to any one of claims 9 to 15, characterized in that the electrical equipment is a heavy-duty truck.
  17. 一种站控系统,其特征在于,应用于换电站,所述站控系统包括:A station control system, characterized in that it is applied to a battery swap station, and the station control system includes:
    存储器,用于存储程序;Memory, used to store programs;
    处理器,用于执行所述存储器存储的程序,当所述存储器存储的程序被执行时,所述处理器用于执行根据权利要求1至8中任一项所述的电池换电的方法。A processor configured to execute the program stored in the memory. When the program stored in the memory is executed, the processor is configured to execute the battery replacement method according to any one of claims 1 to 8.
  18. 一种换电站,其特征在于,包括:A power swap station is characterized by including:
    如权利要求9至17中任一项所述的站控系统;The station control system according to any one of claims 9 to 17;
    拆卸行车,用于在所述站控系统的控制下拆卸所述用电设备的待拆卸电池,以及在将所述待拆卸电池拆卸下来后将所述待拆卸电池运送至充电仓;The disassembly driving vehicle is used to disassemble the battery to be disassembled of the electrical equipment under the control of the station control system, and to transport the battery to be disassembled to the charging bin after disassembling the battery to be disassembled;
    安装行车,用于在所述拆卸行车将所述待拆卸电池运送所述至充电仓的过程中,在所述站控系统的控制下将待安装电池安装在所述用电设备上。The installation driving vehicle is used to install the battery to be installed on the electrical equipment under the control of the station control system during the process of the disassembly driving vehicle transporting the battery to be disassembled to the charging bin.
  19. 一种计算机可读存储介质,其特征在于,用于存储计算机程序,所述计算机程序使得计算机执行如权利要求1至8中任一项所述的电池换电的方法。A computer-readable storage medium, characterized in that it is used to store a computer program, and the computer program causes the computer to perform the battery replacement method according to any one of claims 1 to 8.
PCT/CN2022/104516 2022-07-08 2022-07-08 Battery swapping method, battery swapping system, and battery swapping station WO2024007276A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/CN2022/104516 WO2024007276A1 (en) 2022-07-08 2022-07-08 Battery swapping method, battery swapping system, and battery swapping station
CN202280062812.1A CN118043222A (en) 2022-07-08 2022-07-08 Battery power exchanging method, battery power exchanging system and battery power exchanging station

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/CN2022/104516 WO2024007276A1 (en) 2022-07-08 2022-07-08 Battery swapping method, battery swapping system, and battery swapping station

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2024007276A1 true WO2024007276A1 (en) 2024-01-11

Family

ID=89454580

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2022/104516 WO2024007276A1 (en) 2022-07-08 2022-07-08 Battery swapping method, battery swapping system, and battery swapping station

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN118043222A (en)
WO (1) WO2024007276A1 (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019105458A1 (en) * 2017-11-30 2019-06-06 上海电巴新能源科技有限公司 Battery swapping station and control method therefor
CN214355625U (en) * 2021-02-04 2021-10-08 博众精工科技股份有限公司 Power conversion station
CN114228558A (en) * 2021-12-30 2022-03-25 三一重工股份有限公司 Container truck power changing method
CN216184628U (en) * 2021-11-05 2022-04-05 三一重工股份有限公司 Battery changing station
CN216733965U (en) * 2022-02-14 2022-06-14 博雷顿科技有限公司 Power station switching system with double hoisting functions

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019105458A1 (en) * 2017-11-30 2019-06-06 上海电巴新能源科技有限公司 Battery swapping station and control method therefor
CN214355625U (en) * 2021-02-04 2021-10-08 博众精工科技股份有限公司 Power conversion station
CN216184628U (en) * 2021-11-05 2022-04-05 三一重工股份有限公司 Battery changing station
CN114228558A (en) * 2021-12-30 2022-03-25 三一重工股份有限公司 Container truck power changing method
CN216733965U (en) * 2022-02-14 2022-06-14 博雷顿科技有限公司 Power station switching system with double hoisting functions

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN118043222A (en) 2024-05-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
WO2024007276A1 (en) Battery swapping method, battery swapping system, and battery swapping station
WO2024007277A1 (en) Battery swapping method and apparatus, station control system, and battery swapping station
CN106864283A (en) Power type movable charging vehicle method of supplying power to, service ability computational methods
WO2023123767A1 (en) Method and system for determining remaining battery charging time
CN108482150B (en) Energy distribution method, electric-electric hybrid system and storage medium
JP2023051851A (en) Battery distribution method, charging planning method, device, and medium
CN214957032U (en) Chargeable distributed control battery system
WO2023206481A1 (en) Communication method and apparatus
WO2023225974A1 (en) Thermal runaway detection method and device
WO2023201508A1 (en) Battery swapping method and battery swapping system
WO2024016254A1 (en) Balance testing method and apparatus, and station control system
WO2023168593A1 (en) Battery swapping method and apparatus, and station control system
WO2023225975A1 (en) Thermal runaway detection method and apparatus
CN221058308U (en) Communication device
WO2024007216A1 (en) Method and apparatus for battery swapping
WO2024007212A1 (en) Method and apparatus for battery swapping
WO2023206484A1 (en) Battery swapping method and device, and station control system and electric device
WO2024000107A1 (en) Battery charging method and charging apparatus
WO2023201507A1 (en) Battery swapping method and battery swapping system
WO2023168592A1 (en) Battery replacement method and apparatus, and station control system
WO2023206494A1 (en) Battery management device, electric apparatus and battery
WO2024007213A1 (en) Method and apparatus for battery swapping
CN216861194U (en) Double-arm quick-change-mode heavy truck battery replacement station
WO2023206470A1 (en) Battery swapping method and apparatus, and station control system
CN115063039B (en) Electric bus electricity exchanging method for carbon emission reduction

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 22949860

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1