CN218183893U - Agricultural planting is with multi-functional flat field rotary cultivator - Google Patents

Agricultural planting is with multi-functional flat field rotary cultivator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN218183893U
CN218183893U CN202222340568.0U CN202222340568U CN218183893U CN 218183893 U CN218183893 U CN 218183893U CN 202222340568 U CN202222340568 U CN 202222340568U CN 218183893 U CN218183893 U CN 218183893U
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China
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stubble
rotary tillage
conveying
shell
rotating shaft
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白玉翠
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Modern Agricultural Industry Development Center Taigu District Jinzhong City
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Modern Agricultural Industry Development Center Taigu District Jinzhong City
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional land levelling rotary cultivator for agricultural planting, which comprises a rotary cultivation mechanism and a stubble cleaning mechanism; the rotary tillage mechanism comprises a rotary tillage mechanism shell with a downward opening and a rotary tillage main shaft which is connected in the rotary tillage mechanism shell in a rotating fit manner, a plurality of rotary tillage blades are connected to the rotary tillage main shaft, and the rotary tillage main shaft is driven to rotate by a power system of a carrier; the stubble cleaning mechanism comprises a stubble cleaning knife rotating shaft extending forwards and backwards, and a plurality of L-shaped stubble cleaning knives are connected to the stubble cleaning knife rotating shaft; the utility model discloses can be with the more thorough of the stubble clearance in field, convenient follow-up farming, utilize reciprocating motion's L shape stubble-cleaning sword can dig out remaining plant stubble in field easily, then collect plant stubble in unison and smash to the stubble after will smashing evenly is shed in the field, and these plant stubble powder can be used for supplementing the nutrient substance in the field, sprays appropriate amount of water on the soil after the rotary tillage at last, avoids the stubble powder to fall along with the dust flow.

Description

Farming is with multi-functional flat field rotary cultivator
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a flat field rotary tillage technical field specifically is a farming uses multi-functional flat field rotary cultivator.
Background
After crops in the field are harvested, rotary tillage and soil turning are needed to be carried out on the soil, plant stubbles remaining in the field are cleaned, the stubbles are crushed by the high-speed rotating blade when the existing rotary tiller is used for stubble cleaning, when the blade in the method rotates in the soil at a high speed, the soil has large resistance to the high-speed rotating blade, the blade cannot well crush the stubbles, and a part of power waste is caused.
The broken root stubble is also in a large fibrous shape, the subsequent degradation fermentation period is also long, and the large root stubble fragments can generate adverse effects on the subsequent growth of field crops.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a farming is with multi-functional flat field rotary cultivator can be with more thorough cleaing away of plant root stubble and smash still field.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
a multifunctional land levelling rotary cultivator for agricultural planting comprises a rotary cultivation mechanism and a stubble cleaning mechanism;
the rotary tillage mechanism comprises a rotary tillage mechanism shell with a downward opening and a rotary tillage main shaft which is connected in the rotary tillage mechanism shell in a rotating fit manner, a plurality of rotary tillage blades are connected to the rotary tillage main shaft, and the rotary tillage main shaft is driven to rotate by a power system of the carrier;
the stubble cleaning mechanism comprises a stubble cleaning mechanism shell fixed on the left side of the rotary tillage mechanism shell, a stubble cleaning blade rotating shaft extending forwards and backwards is fixedly arranged in the stubble cleaning mechanism shell, a plurality of L-shaped stubble cleaning blades are connected to the stubble cleaning blade rotating shaft, the tips of the L-shaped stubble cleaning blades face downwards, and the other ends of the L-shaped stubble cleaning blades are connected to the stubble cleaning blade rotating shaft in a movable hinge mode;
a rotating shaft of the oscillating rod extending back and forth is arranged in the shell of the stubble cleaning mechanism in a rotating fit manner at a position close to the left side, the rotating shaft of the oscillating rod is positioned below the rotating shaft of the stubble cleaning cutter, a plurality of parallel oscillating rods are fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft of the oscillating rod, and the included angle range of the deflection angle of the oscillating rod relative to the horizontal plane is-10 degrees to-45 degrees;
a stubble-cleaning cutter driving shaft extending forwards and backwards is arranged above the stubble-cleaning cutter rotating shaft in the stubble-cleaning mechanism shell in a rotating fit manner, a plurality of eccentric wheels are arranged on the stubble-cleaning cutter driving shaft, and driving connecting rods are arranged on the eccentric wheels in a rotating fit manner;
the driving shaft of the stubble-cleaning knife is driven by a power system of the carrier to rotate;
a driving connecting rod is fixedly arranged on the L-shaped stubble cleaning knife, and the other end of the driving connecting rod is connected with the driving connecting rod in a movable hinge mode;
a conveying mechanism is arranged in the shell of the stubble cleaning mechanism and used for conveying and collecting the stubbles dug out by the stubble cleaning mechanism in a unified way, a crushing mechanism and a throwing mechanism are arranged on the rotary tillage mechanism, the crushing mechanism is used for crushing the stubbles collected by the conveying mechanism, and the throwing mechanism is used for returning the stubbles crushed by the crushing mechanism to the field;
a flat field plate rotating shaft is connected to the position close to the right side in the rotary tillage mechanism shell in a rotating fit mode, and a flat field plate is fixedly arranged on the flat field plate rotating shaft;
a plurality of connecting lugs are fixedly arranged at the top of the rotary tillage mechanism shell.
Preferably, the conveying mechanism comprises a conveying driving shaft which is connected to the right side of the oscillating rod in the stubble cleaning mechanism shell in a rotating fit manner, a plurality of driving sprockets are fixedly arranged on the conveying driving shaft, arc-shaped grooves which are communicated from front to back are formed in the front side and the back side of the stubble cleaning mechanism shell, the arc-shaped grooves are located on the left side of the conveying driving shaft, the horizontal positions of the arc-shaped grooves are lower than the horizontal positions of the conveying driving shaft, rotating shaft restraining blocks are arranged in the arc-shaped grooves in a sliding fit manner, a conveying driven shaft is arranged between the two rotating shaft restraining blocks in a rotating fit manner, a plurality of driven sprockets are fixedly arranged on the conveying driven shaft, a conveying chain is arranged between the plurality of driving sprockets and the plurality of driven sprockets in a one-to-one transmission connection manner, and a plurality of spines are arranged on the conveying chain;
the conveying driving shaft is driven by a power system of the carrier to rotate;
the outer side wall of the stubble cleaning mechanism shell is connected with an electric control telescopic rod, and two ends of the electric control telescopic rod are respectively connected with the rotating shaft constraint block and the outer side wall of the stubble cleaning mechanism shell through movable hinges;
a conveying shell with an upward opening is arranged on the right side of the conveying chain, and a spiral conveyor is fixedly arranged in the conveying shell;
the bottom of the conveying shell and the conveying pipe of the screw conveyer are provided with a plurality of small holes;
the edge of one side of the conveying shell, which is close to the conveying chain, is fixedly connected with a plurality of stubble deflector rods, and the stubble deflector rods are arranged between two adjacent driving sprockets in an extending manner.
Description of the invention: utilize conveying mechanism can collect the root stubble in unison, convenient follow-up smashing the root stubble, a plurality of spines on the conveyor chain can pick up the root stubble in field effectively and carry through the rotation of conveyor chain, and the root stubble driving lever can be peeled off the root stubble of adhesion on the spine and make the root stubble fall into effectively and carry the shell.
Preferably, the crushing mechanism comprises a crusher, the crusher is fixed at the top in the rotary tillage mechanism shell and at the position on the right side of the rotary tillage main shaft, and the output end of the spiral conveyor is communicated with the input end of the crusher through a conveying pipe.
Description of the drawings: the stubbles are collected uniformly and then crushed, so that the stubbles can be crushed more thoroughly.
Preferably, the throwing mechanism is including fixing the conveyer that sprays at the top in the rotary tillage mechanism shell, and the input that sprays the conveyer is linked together through the output of pipeline with the rubbing crusher, and rotary tillage mechanism shell internal fixation is equipped with along the extending material pipe that spills that arranges of fore-and-aft direction, has a plurality of material shower nozzles of spilling on spilling the material pipe, spills the material pipe and is linked together through conveyer pipe and the output that sprays the conveyer.
Description of the drawings: the crushed stubbles can be uniformly thrown in the field by utilizing the plurality of spreading nozzles.
Preferably, the rotary tillage main shaft extends along the front-back direction, a gearbox is fixedly arranged on the outer side surface of the tillage mechanism shell, and a transmission box is fixedly arranged at the top of the tillage mechanism shell;
the output end of the gearbox is in transmission connection with the rotary tillage main shaft, the input end of the gearbox is in power connection with the output end of the transmission case through a transmission shaft, and the input end of the transmission case is in transmission connection with a power system of the carrier through the transmission shaft.
Preferably, the rotary tillage main shaft is provided with a plurality of fixed cutter heads, and the rotary tillage blades are fixed on the fixed cutter heads.
Preferably, the front end and the rear end of the rotating shaft of the oscillating rod are respectively fixed with a torsion spring, one end of the torsion spring is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of the oscillating rod, and the other end of the torsion spring is fixedly connected with the shell of the stubble cleaning mechanism;
the front inner side wall and the rear inner side wall of the shell of the stubble cleaning mechanism are respectively provided with two limiting and restraining blocks, the two limiting and restraining blocks at the same side restrain the swinging rod close to the limiting and restraining blocks between the two limiting and restraining blocks, so that the included angle range of the deflection angle of the swinging rod relative to the horizontal plane is-10 degrees to-45 degrees.
Description of the invention: the thickness of the L-shaped stubble-cleaning cutter is smaller than the gap between two adjacent oscillating rods, the L-shaped stubble-cleaning cutter shuttles back and forth in the gap between the oscillating rods during digging, and the oscillating rods can play a role in stripping stubbles on the L-shaped stubble-cleaning cutter.
Preferably, a water spraying pipe is fixedly arranged on the right side of the rotary tillage mechanism shell, and a plurality of water spraying nozzles are arranged on the water spraying pipe;
a water storage tank is fixedly arranged at the top of the rotary tillage mechanism shell, a water pump is arranged in the water storage tank, and the output end of the water pump is communicated with a water spray pipe through a pipeline.
Description of the drawings: a plurality of water spray nozzles are utilized to spray proper amount of water to the soil after rotary tillage, so that the dust loss caused by flying of the crushed stubbles returned to the field is avoided.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the utility model has the advantages of reasonable design, convenient operation, can be with the more thorough of the stubble clearance in field, convenient follow-up farming, utilize reciprocating motion's L shape stubble-cleaning sword can dig out the remaining plant stubble in field is light, then collect and smash the plant stubble is unified, and the stubble after will smashing evenly is shed in the field, these plant stubble powder can be used for supplementing the nutrient substance in the field, spray appropriate amount water on the soil after the rotary tillage at last, avoid the stubble powder to flow along with the raise dust and fall.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the external structure of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a partial view A of FIG. 1;
fig. 5 is a partial view B of fig. 3.
In the figure, the rotary cultivator comprises a rotary tillage mechanism 10, a rotary tillage mechanism 11, a rotary tillage mechanism shell 112, a connecting lifting lug 12, a rotary tillage main shaft 12, a fixed cutter head 121, a rotary tillage blade 122, a rotary tillage blade 13, a gearbox 14, a transmission case 15, a field flattening plate rotating shaft 151, a field flattening plate 16, a water spray pipe 161, a water spray nozzle 161, a stubble cleaning mechanism 20, a stubble cleaning mechanism shell 21, a swinging rod rotating shaft 211, a swinging rod 212, a swinging rod 213, an arc groove 214, a rotating shaft limiting block 215, a limiting block 216, an electric control telescopic rod, a stubble cleaning blade rotating shaft 22, a stubble cleaning blade 221-L, a driving connecting rod 222, a stubble cleaning blade driving shaft 23, an eccentric wheel 231, a driving connecting rod 232, a conveying mechanism 240, a conveying driving shaft 24, a driving chain wheel 241, a conveying driven shaft 242, a driven chain wheel 243, a conveying chain 244, a pointed spine 245, a conveying shell 25, a spiral conveyor 251, a root stubble deflector rod 252, a crushing mechanism 30, a crusher 31, a throwing mechanism 40-spraying mechanism, a throwing mechanism 41-42-spraying material pipe nozzle 421 and a spraying pipe 421-421.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to fig. 1 to 5, and for convenience of description, the following orientations will be defined: the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions described below coincide with the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions in the projection relation of fig. 1 itself.
The embodiment is as follows:
a multifunctional rotary cultivator for flat farmland for agricultural planting is shown in figure 1, and comprises a rotary cultivating mechanism 10 and a stubble cleaning mechanism 20;
the rotary tillage mechanism 10 comprises a rotary tillage mechanism shell 11 with a downward opening and a rotary tillage main shaft 12 connected in the rotary tillage mechanism shell 11 in a rotating fit mode, a plurality of rotary tillage blades 122 are connected to the rotary tillage main shaft 12, and the rotary tillage main shaft 12 is driven to rotate by a power system of a carrier;
the rotary tillage spindle 12 is provided with a plurality of fixed cutter heads 121, and rotary tillage blades 122 are fixed on the fixed cutter heads 121.
The rotary tillage main shaft 12 extends along the front-back direction, the outer side surface of the tillage mechanism shell 11 is fixedly provided with a gearbox 13, and as shown in figure 2, the top of the tillage mechanism shell 11 is fixedly provided with a transmission case 14;
the output end of the gearbox 13 is in transmission connection with the rotary tillage main shaft 12, the input end of the gearbox 13 is in power connection with the output end of the transmission case 14 through a transmission shaft, and the input end of the transmission case 14 is in transmission connection with a power system of a carrier through the transmission shaft.
As shown in fig. 1, the stubble cleaning mechanism 20 comprises a stubble cleaning mechanism housing 21 fixed on the left side of the rotary tillage mechanism housing 11, a stubble cleaning blade rotating shaft 22 extending forwards and backwards is fixedly arranged in the stubble cleaning mechanism housing 21, a plurality of L-shaped stubble cleaning blades 221 are connected to the stubble cleaning blade rotating shaft 22, the tips of the L-shaped stubble cleaning blades 221 face downwards, and the other ends of the L-shaped stubble cleaning blades 221 are connected to the stubble cleaning blade rotating shaft 22 in a movable hinge manner;
as shown in fig. 1, a swing rod rotating shaft 211 extending forward and backward is rotatably fitted at a position close to the left side in the stubble cleaning mechanism housing 21, the swing rod rotating shaft 211 is positioned below the stubble cleaning blade rotating shaft 22, a plurality of parallel swing rods 212 are fixedly arranged on the swing rod rotating shaft 211, and the included angle range of the deflection angle of the swing rods 212 relative to the horizontal plane is-10 to-45 degrees;
a torsion spring is respectively fixed at the front end and the rear end of the swing rod rotating shaft 211, one end of the torsion spring is fixedly connected with the swing rod rotating shaft 211, and the other end of the torsion spring is fixedly connected with the stubble cleaning mechanism shell 21;
the front inner side wall and the rear inner side wall of the stubble cleaning mechanism shell 21 are respectively provided with two limit limiting blocks 215, the two limit limiting blocks 215 at the same side restrict the swinging rod 212 close to the limit limiting blocks 215 between the two limit limiting blocks 215, so that the included angle range of the deflection angle of the swinging rod 212 relative to the horizontal plane is-10 degrees to-45 degrees.
As shown in fig. 1, a stubble-cleaning blade driving shaft 23 extending back and forth is rotatably fitted above the stubble-cleaning blade rotating shaft 22 in the stubble-cleaning mechanism housing 21, the stubble-cleaning blade driving shaft 23 is provided with a plurality of eccentric wheels 231, and the eccentric wheels 231 are rotatably fitted with driving connecting rods 232;
the stubble-cleaning cutter driving shaft 23 is driven to rotate by a power system of the carrier;
the L-shaped stubble cleaning knife 221 is fixedly provided with a driving connecting rod 222, and the other end of the driving connecting rod 232 is connected with the driving connecting rod 222 in a movable hinge mode;
a conveying mechanism 240 is arranged in the stubble cleaning mechanism shell 21, the conveying mechanism 240 is used for uniformly conveying and collecting the stubbles dug out by the stubble cleaning mechanism 20, a crushing mechanism 30 and a throwing mechanism 40 are arranged on the rotary tillage mechanism 10, the crushing mechanism 30 is used for crushing the stubbles collected by the conveying mechanism 240, and the throwing mechanism 40 is used for returning the stubbles crushed by the crushing mechanism 30 to the field;
as shown in fig. 1, the conveying mechanism 240 includes a conveying driving shaft 24 connected to the stubble cleaning mechanism housing 21 at the right side of the swing rod 212 in a rotating fit manner, a plurality of driving sprockets 241 are fixedly arranged on the conveying driving shaft 24, as shown in fig. 5, the front side and the rear side of the stubble cleaning mechanism housing 21 are respectively provided with an arc-shaped groove 213 running through from front to rear, the arc-shaped groove 213 is positioned at the left side of the conveying driving shaft 24, the horizontal position of the arc-shaped groove 213 is lower than that of the conveying driving shaft 24, a rotating shaft constraining block 214 is arranged in the arc-shaped groove 213 in a sliding fit manner, a conveying driven shaft 242 is arranged between the two rotating shaft constraining blocks 214 in a rotating fit manner, a plurality of driven sprockets 243 are fixedly arranged on the conveying driven shaft 242, a conveying chain 244 is arranged between the plurality of driving sprockets 241 and the plurality of driven sprockets 243 in a one-to-one transmission manner, and a plurality of spikes 245 are arranged on the conveying chain 244;
the conveying driving shaft 24 is driven by a power system of the vehicle to rotate;
as shown in fig. 5, the outer side wall of the stubble cleaning mechanism housing 21 is connected with an electrically controlled telescopic rod 216, and two ends of the electrically controlled telescopic rod 216 are respectively connected with the rotating shaft constraining block 214 and the outer side wall of the stubble cleaning mechanism housing 21 through a movable hinge;
as shown in fig. 4, a conveying shell 25 with an upward opening is arranged at the right side of the conveying chain 244, and a screw conveyor 251 is fixedly arranged in the conveying shell 25;
the bottom of the conveying shell 25 and the conveying pipe of the screw conveyer 251 are provided with a plurality of small holes;
a plurality of stubble deflector rods 252 are fixedly connected to the edge of the conveying shell 25 near one side of the conveying chain 244, and the stubble deflector rods 252 are extended between two adjacent driving sprockets 241.
As shown in fig. 1, the crushing mechanism 30 includes a crusher 31, the crusher 31 is fixed at the top inside the rotary tillage mechanism housing 11 and at the position at the right side of the rotary tillage spindle 12, and the output end of the screw conveyor 251 is communicated with the input end of the crusher 31 through a conveying pipe.
As shown in fig. 1, the spreading mechanism 40 includes a spraying conveyor 41 fixed at the top inside the rotary tillage mechanism housing 11, an input end of the spraying conveyor 41 is communicated with an output end of the crusher 31 through a pipeline, a spreading pipe 42 extending in the front-back direction is fixed inside the rotary tillage mechanism housing 11, the spreading pipe 42 is provided with a plurality of spreading nozzles 421, and the spreading pipe 42 is communicated with an output end of the spraying conveyor 41 through a conveying pipe.
A paddy field plate rotating shaft 15 is connected to the position close to the right side in the rotary tillage mechanism shell 11 in a rotating fit mode, and a paddy field plate 151 is fixedly arranged on the paddy field plate rotating shaft 15;
as shown in fig. 1, a water spraying pipe 16 is fixedly arranged at the right side of the rotary tillage mechanism shell 11, and a plurality of water spraying nozzles 161 are arranged on the water spraying pipe 16;
a water storage tank 162 is fixedly arranged at the top of the rotary tillage mechanism shell 11, a water pump 163 is arranged in the water storage tank 162, and the output end of the water pump 163 is communicated with the water spray pipe 16 through a pipeline;
a plurality of connecting lugs 112 are fixedly arranged at the top of the rotary tillage mechanism shell 11.
In the practical application process of the utility model, the whole equipment is connected with the carrier through a plurality of connecting lugs 112, and the connecting frame on the carrier can adjust the height of the whole equipment;
the input shaft of the transmission case 14 is in power connection with the output end of the power system of the carrier, the power system of the carrier finally transmits power to the rotary tillage main shaft 12 through the transmission case 14 and the gearbox 13 to drive the rotary tillage main shaft 12 to rotate, the rotary tillage main shaft 12 drives the plurality of rotary tillage blades 122 to rotate, the horizontal height of the whole equipment is adjusted, and the depth of the rotary tillage blades 122 in rotary tillage on soil can be adjusted;
the stubble-cleaning knife driving shaft 23 is in power connection with the output end of the gearbox 13 through chain transmission, when the stubble-cleaning knife driving shaft 23 rotates, the eccentric wheel 231 on the stubble-cleaning knife driving shaft 23 drives the L-shaped stubble-cleaning knife 221 to rotate in a reciprocating manner through the driving connecting rod 232, the L-shaped stubble-cleaning knife 221 can dig soil in a reciprocating manner to dig out plant stubbles remained in the soil, the L-shaped stubble-cleaning knife 221 shuttles between the two adjacent oscillating rods 212 in a reciprocating manner, and the oscillating rods 212 can peel off the plant stubbles adhered to the L-shaped stubble-cleaning knife 221, so that the working efficiency is prevented from being influenced by the excessive adhesion of the plant stubbles on the L-shaped stubble-cleaning knife 221;
the conveying driving shaft 24 is in power connection with the output end of the gearbox 13 through chain transmission, the conveying driving shaft 24 drives the driving chain wheel 241 to rotate, and the driving chain wheel 241 rotates and drives the driven chain wheel 243 to rotate together through the conveying chain 244;
the dug plant stubbles are picked up by the spines 245 on the conveying chain 244, the plant stubbles are conveyed towards the direction of the spiral conveyor 251 along with the rotation of the conveying chain 244, when the plant stubbles are conveyed to the side of the conveying shell 25, the stubbles deflector rod 252 can peel off the plant stubbles adhered to the spines 245 and enable the plant stubbles to fall into the conveying shell 25, the plant stubbles falling into the conveying shell 25 are conveyed to the pulverizer 31 by the spiral conveyor 251 to be pulverized, the pulverized plant stubbles are conveyed to the material scattering pipe 42 by the spraying conveyor 41, and plant stubble powder in the material scattering pipe 42 is finally sprayed to the field through the material scattering nozzle 421;
the flat field plate 151 can level the soil after rotary tillage, then the water pump 163 conveys the water stored in the water storage tank 162 to the spray pipe 16, the water in the spray pipe 16 is sprayed to the field through the plurality of spray nozzles 161, and the dust generated during rotary tillage operation is reduced as much as possible.

Claims (8)

1. A multifunctional land leveling rotary cultivator for agricultural planting is characterized by comprising a rotary cultivation mechanism (10) and a stubble cleaning mechanism (20);
the rotary tillage mechanism (10) comprises a rotary tillage mechanism shell (11) with a downward opening and a rotary tillage main shaft (12) connected in the rotary tillage mechanism shell (11) in a rotating fit mode, a plurality of rotary tillage blades (122) are connected to the rotary tillage main shaft (12), and the rotary tillage main shaft (12) is driven to rotate by a power system of a carrier;
the stubble cleaning mechanism (20) comprises a stubble cleaning mechanism shell (21) fixed on the left side of the rotary tillage mechanism shell (11), a stubble cleaning blade rotating shaft (22) extending forwards and backwards is fixedly arranged in the stubble cleaning mechanism shell (21), a plurality of L-shaped stubble cleaning blades (221) are connected to the stubble cleaning blade rotating shaft (22), the pointed ends of the L-shaped stubble cleaning blades (221) face downwards, and the other ends of the L-shaped stubble cleaning blades (221) are connected to the stubble cleaning blade rotating shaft (22) in a movable hinge mode;
a swing rod rotating shaft (211) extending forwards and backwards is arranged in the stubble cleaning mechanism shell (21) at a position close to the left side in a rotating matching mode, the swing rod rotating shaft (211) is positioned below the stubble cleaning cutter rotating shaft (22), a plurality of parallel swing rods (212) are fixedly arranged on the swing rod rotating shaft (211), and the included angle range of the deflection angle of each swing rod (212) relative to the horizontal plane is-10 degrees to-45 degrees;
a stubble-cleaning knife driving shaft (23) extending forwards and backwards is arranged above the stubble-cleaning knife rotating shaft (22) in the stubble-cleaning mechanism shell (21) in a rotating fit manner, a plurality of eccentric wheels (231) are arranged on the stubble-cleaning knife driving shaft (23), and a driving connecting rod (232) is arranged on each eccentric wheel (231) in a rotating fit manner;
the stubble-cleaning knife driving shaft (23) is driven by a power system of the carrier to rotate;
a driving connecting rod (222) is fixedly arranged on the L-shaped stubble cleaning knife (221), and the other end of the driving connecting rod (232) is connected with the driving connecting rod (222) in a movable hinge mode;
a conveying mechanism (240) is arranged in the stubble cleaning mechanism shell (21), the conveying mechanism (240) is used for uniformly conveying and collecting stubbles dug out by the stubble cleaning mechanism (20), a crushing mechanism (30) and a throwing mechanism (40) are arranged on the rotary tillage mechanism (10), the crushing mechanism (30) is used for crushing the stubbles collected by the conveying mechanism (240), and the throwing mechanism (40) is used for returning the stubbles crushed by the crushing mechanism (30) to the field;
a field plate rotating shaft (15) is connected to the position, close to the right side, in the rotary tillage mechanism shell (11) in a rotating matching mode, and a field plate (151) is fixedly arranged on the field plate rotating shaft (15);
a plurality of connecting lifting lugs (112) are fixedly arranged at the top of the rotary tillage mechanism shell (11).
2. The multifunctional flat-field rotary cultivator for agricultural planting according to claim 1, characterized in that: the conveying mechanism (240) comprises a conveying driving shaft (24) which is connected to the inner side of the stubble cleaning mechanism shell (21) in a rotating fit manner and is positioned on the right side of the swing rod (212), a plurality of driving sprockets (241) are fixedly arranged on the conveying driving shaft (24), front and rear sides of the stubble cleaning mechanism shell (21) are respectively provided with an arc-shaped groove (213) which is through from front to rear, the arc-shaped groove (213) is positioned on the left side of the conveying driving shaft (24), the horizontal position of the arc-shaped groove (213) is lower than that of the conveying driving shaft (24), rotating shaft constraining blocks (214) are arranged in the arc-shaped groove (213) in a sliding fit manner, a conveying driven shaft (242) is arranged between the two rotating shaft constraining blocks (214) in a rotating fit manner, a plurality of driven sprockets (243) are fixedly arranged on the conveying driven shaft (242), a pair of transmission connecting positions between the plurality of driving sprockets (241) and the plurality of driven sprockets (243) are provided with a conveying chain (244), and a plurality of sharp spines (245) are arranged on the conveying chain (244);
the conveying driving shaft (24) is driven to rotate by a power system of the vehicle;
the outer side wall of the stubble cleaning mechanism shell (21) is connected with an electric control telescopic rod (216), and two ends of the electric control telescopic rod (216) are respectively connected with the rotating shaft constraint block (214) and the outer side wall of the stubble cleaning mechanism shell (21) through movable hinges;
a conveying shell (25) with an upward opening is arranged on the right side of the conveying chain (244), and a spiral conveyor (251) is fixedly arranged in the conveying shell (25);
the bottom of the conveying shell (25) and the conveying pipe of the spiral conveyor (251) are provided with a plurality of small holes;
the edge of one side, close to the conveying chain (244), of the conveying shell (25) is fixedly connected with a plurality of stubble shifting rods (252), and the stubble shifting rods (252) are arranged between two adjacent driving chain wheels (241) in an extending mode.
3. The multifunctional flat-field rotary cultivator for agricultural planting according to claim 2, characterized in that: the crushing mechanism (30) comprises a crusher (31), the crusher (31) is fixed at the inner top of the rotary tillage mechanism shell (11) and is positioned at the position on the right side of the rotary tillage main shaft (12), and the output end of the spiral conveyor (251) is communicated with the input end of the crusher (31) through a conveying pipe.
4. The multifunctional flat-field rotary cultivator for agricultural planting according to claim 3, characterized in that: throwing mechanism (40) is including fixing the conveyer (41) that sprays at top in rotary tillage mechanism shell (11), the input of spraying conveyer (41) pass through the pipeline with the output of rubbing crusher (31) is linked together, rotary tillage mechanism shell (11) internal fixation is equipped with and extends the material pipe (42) that spills who arranges along the fore-and-aft direction, it has a plurality of shower nozzles (421) of spilling to spill on material pipe (42), spill material pipe (42) through the conveyer pipe with the output of spraying conveyer (41) is linked together.
5. The multifunctional flat-field rotary cultivator for agricultural planting according to claim 1, characterized in that: the rotary tillage main shaft (12) extends along the front-back direction, a gearbox (13) is fixedly arranged on the outer side surface of the tillage mechanism shell (11), and a transmission case (14) is fixedly arranged at the top of the tillage mechanism shell (11);
the output end of the gearbox (13) is in transmission connection with the rotary tillage main shaft (12), the input end of the gearbox (13) is in power connection with the output end of the transmission box (14) through a transmission shaft, and the input end of the transmission box (14) is in transmission connection with a power system of a carrier through the transmission shaft.
6. The multifunctional flat-field rotary cultivator for agricultural planting according to claim 1, characterized in that: a plurality of fixed cutter heads (121) are arranged on the rotary tillage main shaft (12), and the rotary tillage blades (122) are fixed on the fixed cutter heads (121).
7. The multifunctional flat-field rotary cultivator for agricultural planting according to claim 1, characterized in that: a torsion spring is respectively fixed at the front end and the rear end of the swing rod rotating shaft (211), one end of the torsion spring is fixedly connected with the swing rod rotating shaft (211), and the other end of the torsion spring is fixedly connected with the stubble cleaning mechanism shell (21);
the front inner side wall and the rear inner side wall of the stubble cleaning mechanism shell (21) are respectively provided with two limiting and restricting blocks (215), the two limiting and restricting blocks (215) at the same side restrict the swinging rod (212) close to the limiting and restricting blocks (215) between the two limiting and restricting blocks (215) so that the included angle range of the deflection angle of the swinging rod (212) relative to the horizontal plane is-10 degrees to-45 degrees.
8. The multifunctional flat-field rotary cultivator for agricultural planting according to claim 1, characterized in that: a water spraying pipe (16) is fixedly arranged on the right side of the rotary tillage mechanism shell (11), and a plurality of water spraying nozzles (161) are arranged on the water spraying pipe (16);
a water storage tank (162) is fixedly arranged at the top of the rotary tillage mechanism shell (11), a water pump (163) is arranged inside the water storage tank (162), and the output end of the water pump (163) is communicated with the water spray pipe (16) through a pipeline.
CN202222340568.0U 2022-09-02 2022-09-02 Agricultural planting is with multi-functional flat field rotary cultivator Active CN218183893U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116210382A (en) * 2023-05-09 2023-06-06 吉林省农业科学院 Composite transmission structure for soybean straw stubble cleaning and conveying

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116210382A (en) * 2023-05-09 2023-06-06 吉林省农业科学院 Composite transmission structure for soybean straw stubble cleaning and conveying

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