CN217608418U - Still field machine is smashed to profile modeling sugarcane leaf - Google Patents

Still field machine is smashed to profile modeling sugarcane leaf Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217608418U
CN217608418U CN202221190428.3U CN202221190428U CN217608418U CN 217608418 U CN217608418 U CN 217608418U CN 202221190428 U CN202221190428 U CN 202221190428U CN 217608418 U CN217608418 U CN 217608418U
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China
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crushing
cutter
short
long
sugarcane
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CN202221190428.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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黄金生
李忠宁
秦丽萍
曾艳
谭宏伟
周柳强
李正优
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Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Abstract

A profile modeling sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine comprises a frame, wherein a side cantilever seat and a middle cantilever seat are arranged at the front end of the frame and above the front end of the frame; a baffle plate and a gear box are arranged on the frame; the gear box is provided with a power output shaft and a power input main shaft, the left side and the right side of the rack are symmetrically provided with a gear transmission box, and the upper end of the gear transmission box is provided with a power input shaft connected with the power output shaft through a coupler; a rotating shaft provided with a plurality of groups of movable blade cutters for crushing leaves is arranged between the lower ends of the two gear transmission boxes, the movable blade cutters for crushing leaves are divided into a long movable blade cutter for crushing the leaves between the rows of the sugarcanes and a short She Dongdao for crushing the leaves on the ridges of the sugarcanes, and the bottom of the baffle plate is provided with a fixed blade cutter for crushing the leaves, which is matched with the short She Dongdao and the movable blade cutter for crushing the leaves, and a short She Dingdao through adjusting and installing bolts; two sides of the rear end of the frame are respectively provided with a limiting wheel with adjustable limiting height. The profiling sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine can crush and return sugarcane leaves covered on sugarcane ridges and in furrows at the same time.

Description

Still field machine is smashed to profile modeling sugarcane leaf
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a still field's technical field is smashed to sugarcane leaf, specifically is a still field machine is smashed to profile modeling sugarcane leaf.
Background
Sugarcane, (academic name:Saccharumofficinarum) Saccharum officinarum, a large and solid herb growing for many years. The root is strong and developed. The height of the stalk is 3-6 m. The sugarcane is suitable for being planted in places with fertile soil, sufficient sunlight and large temperature difference in winter and summer. Sugarcane is perennial root crop, and can be harvested continuously for 3-5 years after being managed in place and newly planted. After the sugar cane in the first season is harvested, a large amount of sugar cane leaves removed during the harvesting of the sugar cane in the first season are remained in the sugar cane land, and if the sugar cane leaves are not treated in time, the sprouting growth and the field management of the perennial root sugar cane are influenced. The traditional treatment mode of the sugarcane leaves is to dry the sugarcane leaves on the spot and then burn the sugarcane leaves to return the sugarcane leaves to the field, and the burning and returning of the sugarcane leaves do not meet the management requirements because the straw burning and returning to the field are completely forbidden at present. In order to treat sugarcane top with high efficiency, sugarcane top crushing and returning devices are developed and applied, and some sugarcane top crushing and returning devices are reported in published documents, such as:
1. chinese patent: sugarcane leaf smashes still field machine, application date: 2006.5.30, application No.: 200620023021.6, abstract: the utility model relates to a still field operation equipment is smashed to sugarcane leaf, it includes transmission system, a machine support, rubbing crusher constructs, profile modeling collection leaf ware and stop device, the back is hung in the tractor, the knife that moves among the characterized by rubbing crusher constructs adopts straight sword and L improved generation sword structural style, and 20-40cm with the stationary knife overlap volume, thereby shearing and tearing effect between knife and stationary knife have been strengthened, obtain higher pickup rate and crushing rate, adapt to various earth's surface condition operations, do not receive the wet weather influence, do not influence follow-up machine-ploughing operation, when its working breadth is 120cm, productivity ratio is greater than or equal to 0.2hm2/h, pickup rate is greater than or equal to 95%, crushing length is greater than or equal to 80 at the crushing rate below 20 cm.
2. Chinese patent: sugarcane leaf rubbing crusher, application number: 200920140840.2, filing date: 2009.05.13, abstract: the utility model relates to a sugarcane leaf rubbing crusher, this rubbing crusher including frame (1) that can be with the tractor hookup with install gear train in gear box (2) and auger (5) that are connected with each gear output shaft, fixed sword (8) and the revolving knife (9) of hugging closely are installed side by side to the end of every auger (5), even opening has the through-hole on the blade disc of fixed sword and revolving knife, wherein fixed sword and frame fixed connection, revolving knife and auger fixed connection, there is collection She Gou (6) of installing in the frame auger below. The utility model discloses simple structure, the crushing rate is high, and production efficiency is fast, can directly form a complete set with current big middle horse power tractor moreover and use, directly reduced use cost.
3. Chinese patent: a sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine with a leaf collecting guide device is disclosed in the application number: 200920236689.2, filing date: 2009.09.30, abstract: the utility model discloses a sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine with a leaf collecting and guiding device. The crushing machine mainly comprises a frame, a transmission system, a crushing mechanism, a limiting device and the like, wherein at least two profiling leaf collectors connected with an inlet of the crushing mechanism and at least two leaf collecting guide devices connected with an outlet of the crushing mechanism are fixed on a back beam of the frame through bolts, and the profiling leaf collectors and the leaf collecting guide devices are arranged at intervals among furrows. The smashed sugarcane leaf segments are uniformly thrown to the leaf collecting guide device along the rear end of the shell under the action of centrifugal force and are blocked, the sugarcane leaf segments are enabled to be shunted to two sides, and if perennial root sugarcanes are just concentrated to the head positions of the sugarcanes, so that even if the smashing quality of the sugarcane leaves cannot meet the agricultural operation requirement, follow-up machine tillage operation cannot be influenced, particularly, the phenomena of piling and plough blockage of the sugarcane leaf segments cannot occur during ridge breaking and fertilization of the perennial root sugarcanes are avoided, and the effects of saving oil consumption and reducing operation cost are achieved.
4. Chinese patent: sugarcane leaf rubbing crusher, application date: 2004.5.17, application No.: 200420064150.0, abstract: a sugarcane leaf crusher capable of crushing old sugarcane leaves comprises a walking tractor, a frame, a crushing device and a diesel engine, wherein the frame is located at the rear part of a trailer base of the walking tractor, the diesel engine is located on a diesel engine fixing frame of the frame, the crushing device is located at the lower end of a frame rod at the rear part of the frame, and a transmission belt is connected with a driven belt pulley on a main shaft of the crushing device through the diesel engine. When the diesel engine is started, the transmission belt drives the crushing device to roll and crush the sugarcane leaves. Simple structure and convenient use.
5. Chinese patent: a crushing cutter assembly of a sugarcane leaf crusher, which has the application number: 201029068067.3, filing date: 2010.02.03, abstract: the utility model discloses a sugarcane leaf rubbing crusher's crushing cutter subassembly, including arbor, a plurality of blade holder, a plurality of blade, bolt fixed mounting is on the blade holder for every blade, a plurality of blade holders distribute at the arbor with welding mode staggered arrangement and the focus position of a plurality of blade holders and arbor is located the axis of arbor. The blade holder has 16, and the adjacent blade holder interval of axial is 30mm, and the adjacent blade holder interval angle of circumference is 22.5. Because the plurality of tool holders are distributed on the tool wheel shaft in a staggered mode by welding and the gravity centers of the tool holders and the tool wheel shaft are positioned on the axis of the tool wheel shaft, the movement tracks of the crushing blades are not repeated, the dynamic balance is good, the materials do not move axially during operation, and the power consumption is low.
The application research shows that after the sugarcane is harvested in the previous season, sugarcane leaves cover the sugarcane ridges and the furrows, if a sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine without a sugarcane leaf picker is adopted, the sugarcane leaves on the sugarcane ridges and in the furrows cannot be crushed and returned to the field at the same time, and if the sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine with the sugarcane leaf picker is adopted, although the sugarcane leaves in the furrows can be picked up and crushed simultaneously with the sugarcane leaves on the sugarcane ridges, the sugarcane leaves are picked up and crushed by the picker, when more sugarcane leaves are accumulated in the furrows, the sugarcane leaves are easy to be wound and blocked when being picked up and crushed, and the sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine cannot work normally, so that the working efficiency is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims at providing a still field machine is smashed to profile modeling sugarcane leaf, this still field machine is smashed to profile modeling sugarcane leaf can smash still field with the sugarcane leaf that covers on the sugarcane ridge and in the gutter simultaneously.
In order to realize the purpose of the utility model, the technical scheme who takes is:
a profile modeling sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine is driven by a tractor in a traction way and comprises a rack, wherein the front end of the rack is provided with a side cantilever seat which is used for being installed and connected with a side cantilever of the tractor, and a middle cantilever seat which is used for being installed and connected with a middle cantilever of the tractor is installed above the front end of the rack through a support; a baffle is arranged on the upper sealing cover of the frame, and a gear box is arranged above the middle of the frame; the left side and the right side of the gear box are respectively provided with a power output shaft, the power output shafts are connected with output gears in the gear box, the front end of the gear box is provided with a power input main shaft which can be connected with a power shaft of a tractor, and the power input main shaft is connected with input gears in the gear box; the left side and the right side of the rack are symmetrically and fixedly provided with a gear transmission case, the upper ends of the opposite sides of the two gear transmission cases are respectively provided with a power input shaft, the power input shafts are connected with input gears in the gear transmission cases, and the power input shafts are connected with power output shafts through couplers; the lower ends of the two gear transmission boxes are provided with rotating shafts through bearings with seats, the rotating shafts are connected with output gears in the gear transmission boxes, the rotating shafts are provided with a plurality of groups of movable blade for crushing leaves, the movable blade for crushing leaves is divided into a long movable blade for crushing the leaves between sugarcane rows and a short blade She Dongdao for crushing the leaves on sugarcane ridges, the long movable blade for crushing the leaves is distributed on the rotating shafts at the two sides of the short movable blade for crushing the leaves, and the bottom of a baffle plate above the rear side of the rotating shafts is provided with a fixed blade for crushing the leaves matched with the short blade She Dongdao and a fixed blade for crushing the leaves matched with the long movable blade for crushing the leaves She Dingdao through adjusting and mounting bolts; two sides of the rear end of the frame are respectively provided with a limiting wheel with adjustable limiting height through a limiting wheel frame and a limiting wheel mounting seat. The rotating shaft drives a plurality of groups of movable blade cutters to rotate upwards and backwards, the short blade cutters She Dongdao are matched with the long blade cutters to break the sugarcane leaves on the sugarcane ridges, and the long blade cutters She Dingdao are matched with the long blade cutters to break the sugarcane leaves between sugarcane rows.
Further preferred is: the multiple groups of the blade-crushing moving blades are arranged in three rows on the rotating shaft along the axis direction, and every two adjacent groups of the blade-crushing moving blades are arranged in a delta shape on the horizontal projection plane.
Further preferred is: every long broken leaf of group moves sword and includes left long sword, middle long sword and right long sword, left side long sword, middle long sword and right long sword are all through the articulated installation on long sword mount pad of round pin axle, welded fastening is on the rotation axis on the long sword mount pad, left side long sword is articulated to be installed on the left long sword mount pad of middle long sword, the hinged end of keeping away from of left side long sword is crooked towards left side arc, right side long sword is articulated to be installed on the long sword mount pad on middle long sword right side, the hinged end of keeping away from of right side long sword is crooked towards right side arc, left side long sword and right long sword use middle long sword as central bilateral symmetry.
Further preferably: the rotary cutting sides of the left long knife, the middle long knife and the right long knife are provided with cutting edges.
Further preferred is: each group of short chopping She Dongdao comprises a left short knife, a middle short knife and a right short knife, the left short knife, the middle short knife and the right short knife are all hinged to be mounted on a short knife mounting seat through a pin shaft, the short knife mounting seat is welded and fixed on a rotating shaft, the left short knife is hinged to be mounted on the short knife mounting seat on the left side of the middle short knife, the left short knife is far away from the hinged end and is bent towards the left side arc, the right short knife is hinged to be mounted on the short knife mounting seat on the right side of the middle short knife, the right short knife is far away from the hinged end and is bent towards the right side arc, and the left short knife and the right short knife are bilaterally symmetrical by taking the middle short knife as the center.
Further preferred is: the rotary cutting sides of the left short knife, the middle short knife and the right short knife are all provided with cutting edges.
Further preferred is: the short-crushing She Dingdao and the long-crushing fixed cutter both comprise U-shaped cutter bodies, the U-shaped cutter body of the short-crushing She Dingdao is shorter than the U-shaped cutter body of the long-crushing fixed cutter, a mounting hole is formed in the middle of each U-shaped cutter body, and an adjusting and mounting bolt for fixedly mounting the U-shaped cutter body at the bottom of the baffle is mounted in each mounting hole; the U-shaped cutter bodies of the short-crushing She Dingdao and the long-crushing fixed cutters correspond to the middle short cutter and the middle long cutter in position, so that the middle long cutter rotates to pass through the middle of the U-shaped cutter body of the short-crushing fixed cutter, the middle short cutter rotates to pass through the middle of the U-shaped cutter body of the long-crushing fixed cutter, and the left cutter and the right cutter respectively pass through the leftmost side and the rightmost side of the corresponding U-shaped cutter body.
Further preferred is: one end of the limiting wheel carrier is rotatably provided with a limiting wheel, the other end of the limiting wheel carrier is provided with an adjusting hole and a connecting hole, the limiting wheel mounting seat is also provided with a connecting hole and a plurality of adjusting holes corresponding to the hole pitch, the limiting wheel carrier is inserted into the limiting wheel mounting seat, the connecting hole on the limiting wheel carrier is connected with the connecting hole on the limiting wheel mounting seat through a bolt or a pin shaft, and the adjusting hole on the limiting wheel carrier is connected with one of the adjusting holes on the limiting wheel mounting seat through a bolt.
The profiling sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine mainly has the following advantages:
1. the profiling sugarcane top crushing and returning machine is driven by the traction of a tractor, the power output by the tractor is transmitted to a gear box, and then transmitted to gear transmission boxes on the left side and the right side of a rack through power output shafts on the left side and the right side of the gear box to drive a rotating shaft below the gear transmission boxes to rotate, so that crushed tops on the rotating shaft are driven to rotate and crush the sugarcane tops, and the power for rotating crushed tops is strong; the rotating shaft drives a plurality of groups of movable sugarcane leaf crushing cutters to rotate upwards and backwards, the movable sugarcane leaf crushing cutters are divided into long movable sugarcane leaf crushing cutters for crushing sugarcane leaves between sugarcane rows and short movable sugarcane leaf cutters She Dongdao for crushing sugarcane leaves on sugarcane ridges, the long movable sugarcane leaf crushing cutters are distributed on the rotating shaft on two sides of the short movable sugarcane leaf cutters, the bottom of a baffle above the rear side of the rotating shaft is provided with a long fixed sugarcane leaf cutter matched with the short She Dongdao for crushing the sugarcane leaves and a short fixed sugarcane leaf cutter matched with the long movable sugarcane leaf cutters for crushing the sugarcane leaves She Dingdao, the short movable sugarcane leaf cutters She Dongdao and the long fixed sugarcane leaf cutters are matched for crushing the sugarcane leaves on the sugarcane ridges through adjusting and mounting bolts, the long movable sugarcane leaf cutters and the short movable sugarcane leaf cutters She Dingdao are matched for crushing the sugarcane leaves between sugarcane rows, the sugarcane leaves covered on the sugarcane ridges and in the sugarcane furrows can be crushed and returned to the field, and the sugarcane leaves are not prone to be wound and blocked. And two sides of the rear end of the rack are respectively provided with a limiting wheel with adjustable limiting height through a limiting wheel frame and a limiting wheel mounting seat, and the limiting wheels are supported between sugarcane rows, so that sugarcane ridges can not be rolled, and the requirement of returning crushed sugarcane leaves in different plots to the field can be met.
2. The blade crushing moving blades arranged on the rotating shaft are arranged in three rows on the rotating shaft along the axial direction, and each adjacent three groups of blade crushing moving blades are arranged in a delta shape on the horizontal projection plane; the left long knife, the middle long knife and the right long knife of each group of long broken blade moving knives are hinged and installed on the long knife installation seat through pin shafts, the long knife installation seat is welded and fixed on the rotating shaft, the left long knife is hinged and installed on the long knife installation seat on the left side of the middle long knife, the end, far away from the hinged end, of the left long knife is bent towards the left side in an arc shape, the right long knife is hinged and installed on the long knife installation seat on the right side of the middle long knife, the end, far away from the hinged end, of the right long knife is bent towards the right side in an arc shape, and the left long knife and the right long knife are bilaterally symmetrical by taking the middle long knife as the center; the left short knife, the middle short knife and the right short knife of each group of chopped blocks She Dongdao are hinged and installed on the short knife installation seats through pin shafts, the short knife installation seats are welded and fixed on the rotating shaft, the left short knife is hinged and installed on the short knife installation seat on the left side of the middle short knife, the end, far away from the hinged end, of the left short knife bends towards the left side in an arc shape, the right short knife is hinged and installed on the short knife installation seat on the right side of the middle short knife, the end, far away from the hinged end, of the right short knife bends towards the right side in an arc shape, and the left short knife and the right short knife are bilaterally symmetrical by taking the middle short knife as a center; the movable blade for crushing the sugarcane leaves with the structure can be used for better turning upwards to pick up the sugarcane leaves, and the crushing leakage rate of the sugarcane leaves is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the profiling sugarcane top crushing and returning machine;
FIG. 2 is a schematic left side view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing the installation relationship of the fixed blade and the movable blade;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a leaf-crushing stationary knife;
the part names of the sequence numbers in the figure are:
1. the gear transmission box comprises a gear transmission box body, 2, a bearing with a base, 3, a rotating shaft, 4, a limiting wheel frame, 5, a limiting wheel mounting base, 6, a rack, 7, a baffle plate, 8, a power input shaft, 9, an adjusting mounting bolt, 10, a coupler, 11, a side cantilever base, 12, a power output shaft, 13, a gear box, 14, a power input main shaft, 15, a middle cantilever base, 16, a support, 17, a limiting wheel, 18, a left long knife, 19, a middle long knife, 20, a right long knife, 21, a long knife mounting base, 22, a left short knife, 23, a middle short knife, 24, a right short knife, 25, a short knife mounting base, 26, a pin shaft, 27, a short chopping She Dingdao, 28, a long chopping fixed blade 28, 29, an adjusting hole, 30, a connecting hole, 31, a U-shaped knife body, 32 and a mounting hole.
Detailed Description
The present application will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Example 1
A profile modeling sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine is driven by a tractor in a traction way and comprises a frame 6, wherein the front end of the frame 6 is provided with a side cantilever seat 11 which is used for being installed and connected with a side cantilever of the tractor, and a middle cantilever seat 15 which is used for being installed and connected with a middle cantilever of the tractor is installed above the front end of the frame 6 through a support 16; a baffle 7 is arranged on the upper sealing cover of the frame 6, and a gear box 13 is arranged above the middle of the frame 6; the left side and the right side of the gear box 13 are respectively provided with a power output shaft 12, the power output shafts 12 are connected with output gears in the gear box 13, the front end of the gear box 13 is provided with a power input main shaft 14 which can be connected with a power shaft of a tractor, and the power input main shaft 14 is connected with input gears in the gear box 13; the left side and the right side of the rack 6 are symmetrically and fixedly provided with a gear transmission case 1, the upper ends of the opposite sides of the two gear transmission cases 1 are respectively provided with a power input shaft 8, the power input shaft 8 is connected with an input gear in the gear transmission case 1, and the power input shaft 8 is connected with a power output shaft 12 through a coupler 10; a rotating shaft 3 is arranged between the lower ends of the two gear transmission boxes 1 through a bearing with a base 2, the rotating shaft 3 is connected with an output gear in the gear transmission boxes 1, a plurality of groups of movable blade for crushing leaves are arranged on the rotating shaft 3, the movable blade for crushing leaves is divided into a long movable blade for crushing the sugarcane leaves in the row among the sugarcanes and a short movable blade She Dongdao for crushing the sugarcane leaves on the ridge of the sugarcanes, the long movable blade for crushing the sugarcane leaves is distributed on the rotating shaft 3 at the two sides of the short movable blade for crushing the sugarcane leaves, and the bottom of a baffle 7 above the rear side of the rotating shaft 3 is provided with a fixed blade 28 for crushing the sugarcane leaves matched with the short movable blade She Dongdao and a short movable blade She Dingdao matched with the long movable blade for crushing the sugarcane leaves through adjusting and mounting bolts 9; two sides of the rear end of the frame 6 are respectively provided with a limiting wheel 17 with adjustable limiting height through a limiting wheel frame 4 and a limiting wheel mounting seat 5. The rotating shaft 3 drives a plurality of groups of movable blade cutters for crushing leaves to rotate upwards and backwards, the movable blade cutters for crushing the short blades She Dongdao and the fixed blade cutters for crushing the long blades 28 are matched to crush the leaves on the ridges of the sugarcanes, and the movable blade cutters for crushing the long blades and the short blades She Dingdao are matched to crush the leaves between the rows of the sugarcanes.
Example 2
A profile modeling sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine is driven by a tractor in a traction way and comprises a frame 6, wherein the front end of the frame 6 is provided with a side cantilever seat 11 which is used for being installed and connected with a side cantilever of the tractor, and a middle cantilever seat 15 which is used for being installed and connected with a middle cantilever of the tractor is installed above the front end of the frame 6 through a support 16; a baffle 7 is arranged on the upper sealing cover of the frame 6, and a gear box 13 is arranged above the middle of the frame 6; the left side and the right side of the gear box 13 are respectively provided with a power output shaft 12, the power output shafts 12 are connected with output gears in the gear box 13, the front end of the gear box 13 is provided with a power input main shaft 14 which can be connected with a power shaft of a tractor, and the power input main shaft 14 is connected with input gears in the gear box 13; the left side and the right side of the rack 6 are symmetrically and fixedly provided with a gear transmission case 1, the upper ends of the opposite sides of the two gear transmission cases 1 are respectively provided with a power input shaft 8, the power input shafts 8 are connected with input gears in the gear transmission cases 1, and the power input shafts 8 are connected with a power output shaft 12 through a coupler 10; install rotation axis 3 through taking pedestal bearing 2 between two gear drive case 1's the lower extreme, output gear in rotation axis 3 and the gear drive case 1 is connected, installs multiunit broken leaf on the rotation axis 3 and moves the sword, multiunit broken leaf move the sword and be the three rows along the axis direction and arrange on rotation axis 3, every adjacent three group broken leaf move between the sword and be the triangle on the horizontal projection face and arrange.
The movable blade smashing cutters are divided into long movable blade smashing cutters for smashing sugarcane leaves between sugarcane rows and short smashing cutters She Dongdao for smashing sugarcane leaves on sugarcane ridges, the long movable blade smashing cutters are distributed on the rotating shafts 3 on two sides of the short movable blade smashing cutters, and the bottom of the baffle 7 above the rear side of each rotating shaft 3 is provided with a long fixed blade smashing cutter 28 matched with the short smashing cutters She Dongdao for smashing the sugarcane leaves and a short fixed blade smashing cutter She Dingdao matched with the long movable blade smashing cutters; each group of long blade-crushing movable cutters comprises a left long cutter 18, a middle long cutter 19 and a right long cutter 20, the left long cutter 18, the middle long cutter 19 and the right long cutter 20 are hinged to be installed on a long cutter installation seat 21 through a pin shaft 26, the long cutter installation seat 21 is welded and fixed on the rotating shaft 3, the left long cutter 18 is hinged to be installed on the long cutter installation seat 21 on the left side of the middle long cutter 19, the hinge end, far away from the left long cutter 18, of the left long cutter is bent towards the left side in an arc mode, the right long cutter 20 is hinged to be installed on the long cutter installation seat 21 on the right side of the middle long cutter 19, the hinge end, far away from the right long cutter 20, of the left long cutter 18 and the right long cutter 20 are symmetrical left and right by taking the middle long cutter 19 as the center. The rotary cutting sides of the left long cutter 18, the middle long cutter 19 and the right long cutter 20 are all provided with cutting edges. Each group of chopped pieces She Dongdao comprises a left short knife 22, a middle short knife 23 and a right short knife 24, wherein the left short knife 22, the middle short knife 23 and the right short knife 24 are all hinged and mounted on a short knife mounting seat 25 through a pin shaft 26, the short knife mounting seat 25 is welded and fixed on the rotating shaft 3, the left short knife 22 is hinged and mounted on the short knife mounting seat 25 on the left side of the middle short knife 23, the hinged end, far away from the hinged end, of the left short knife 22 is bent towards the left side in an arc shape, the right short knife 24 is hinged and mounted on the short knife mounting seat 25 on the right side of the middle short knife 23, the hinged end, far away from the right short knife 24 is bent towards the right side in an arc shape, and the left short knife 22 and the right short knife 24 are bilaterally symmetrical by taking the middle short knife 23 as the center. The rotary cutting sides of the left short cutter 22, the middle short cutter 23 and the right short cutter 24 are all provided with cutting edges. The short-crushing She Dingdao and the long-crushing fixed cutter 28 both comprise a U-shaped cutter body 31, the U-shaped cutter body 31 of the short-crushing She Dingdao is shorter than the U-shaped cutter body 31 of the long-crushing fixed cutter 28, a mounting hole 32 is formed in the middle of the U-shaped cutter body 31, and an adjusting and mounting bolt 9 for fixedly mounting the U-shaped cutter body 31 at the bottom of the baffle 7 is mounted in the mounting hole 32; the U-shaped cutter bodies 31 of the short-crushing fixed cutters 27 and the long-crushing fixed cutters 28 correspond to the middle short cutters 23 and the middle long cutters 19 in position, so that the middle long cutters 19 rotate to pass through the middle of the U-shaped cutter bodies 31 of the short-crushing She Dingdao, and the middle short cutters 23 rotate to pass through the middle of the U-shaped cutter bodies 31 of the long-crushing fixed cutters 28. The rotating shaft 3 drives a plurality of groups of movable blade cutters to rotate upwards and backwards, the short blade cutters She Dongdao and the long blade cutters 28 are matched to break the sugarcane leaves on the sugarcane ridges, and the long movable blade cutters She Dingdao are matched to break the sugarcane leaves between the sugarcane rows. Two sides of the rear end of the frame 6 are respectively provided with a limiting wheel 17 with adjustable limiting height through a limiting wheel frame 4 and a limiting wheel mounting seat 5. One end of the limiting wheel frame 4 is rotatably provided with a limiting wheel 17, the other end of the limiting wheel frame 4 is provided with an adjusting hole 29 and a connecting hole 30, the limiting wheel mounting seat 5 is also provided with one connecting hole 30 and a plurality of adjusting holes 29 corresponding to the hole pitch, the limiting wheel frame 4 is inserted into the limiting wheel mounting seat 5, the connecting hole 30 on the limiting wheel frame 4 is connected with the connecting hole 30 on the limiting wheel mounting seat 5 through a bolt or a pin shaft, and the adjusting hole 29 on the limiting wheel frame 4 is connected with one of the adjusting holes 29 on the limiting wheel mounting seat 5 through a bolt.
The working principle of the profiling sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine is as follows: the side cantilever and the side cantilever seat 11 of the tractor are connected in an installing way, the middle cantilever and the middle cantilever seat 15 of the tractor are connected in an installing way, and the profile modeling sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine is controlled to ascend and descend through the side cantilever and the middle cantilever of the tractor. When the sugarcane leaves are not crushed during walking, the profiling sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine is lifted by the side cantilever and the middle cantilever of the tractor. When the sugarcane leaf crushing operation is needed, the limiting wheels 17 are adjusted to be at a proper height, the profiling sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine is lowered down by the tractor, the two limiting wheels 17 are respectively supported and limited on the ground of sugarcane rows on two sides of a sugarcane ridge, the tractor drives the sugarcane to run, meanwhile, the rear output shaft of the tractor transmits power into the gear box 13 through the power input main shaft 14, then the power is output from the power output shafts 12 on two sides of the gear box 13, the power is transmitted into the gear transmission box 1 through the coupler 10 and the power input shaft 8, and is transmitted downwards to the rotating shaft 3 through the gears in the gear transmission box 1, so that the movable blade for crushing leaves is driven to rotate upwards and backwards, the movable blade for crushing leaves among the sugarcane rows picks up the sugarcane leaves and is matched with the 8978 zxft 8927 for crushing, and part of the sugarcane leaves are cut off in the picking up process; the short-crushing She Dongdao picks up the sugarcane leaves on the sugarcane ridges, and the sugarcane leaves are matched with the long-crushing fixed cutter 28 to be crushed, and part of the sugarcane leaves are cut off in the picking process.
The above description is not intended to limit the present application, and the present application is not limited to the above examples, and those skilled in the art should understand that they can make various changes, modifications, additions or substitutions within the spirit and scope of the present application.

Claims (8)

1. A profile modeling sugarcane leaf crushing and returning machine is driven by a tractor to pull and comprises a frame (6), wherein the front end of the frame (6) is provided with a side cantilever seat (11) which is used for being installed and connected with a side cantilever of the tractor, and a middle cantilever seat (15) which is used for being installed and connected with a middle cantilever of the tractor is installed above the front end of the frame (6) through a support (16); a baffle (7) is installed on the upper sealing cover of the frame (6), and a gear box (13) is installed above the middle of the frame (6); the method is characterized in that: the left side and the right side of the gear box (13) are respectively provided with a power output shaft (12), the power output shafts (12) are connected with output gears in the gear box (13), the front end of the gear box (13) is provided with a power input main shaft (14) which can be connected with the power shaft of the tractor, and the power input main shaft (14) is connected with input gears in the gear box (13); the left side and the right side of the rack (6) are symmetrically and fixedly provided with a gear transmission case (1), the upper ends of the opposite sides of the two gear transmission cases (1) are respectively provided with a power input shaft (8), the power input shafts (8) are connected with input gears in the gear transmission cases (1), and the power input shafts (8) are connected with a power output shaft (12) through a coupler (10); a rotating shaft (3) is arranged between the lower ends of the two gear transmission boxes (1) through a bearing with a base (2), the rotating shaft (3) is connected with an output gear in the gear transmission boxes (1), a plurality of groups of movable blade cutters for crushing sugarcane are arranged on the rotating shaft (3), the movable blade cutters for crushing sugarcane are divided into a movable blade cutter for crushing the sugarcane leaves in rows of the sugarcane and a short blade cutter She Dongdao for crushing the sugarcane leaves on ridges of the sugarcane, the movable blade cutters for crushing the sugarcane leaves are distributed on the rotating shaft (3) on the two sides of the movable blade cutter for crushing the sugarcane leaves, and a fixed blade cutter (28) for crushing the sugarcane leaves matched with the short blade cutter She Dongdao and a fixed blade cutter She Dingdao (27) for crushing the sugarcane leaves matched with the movable blade cutter for crushing the sugarcane leaves are arranged at the bottom of a baffle (7) above the rear side of the rotating shaft (3) through adjusting and mounting bolts (9); two sides of the rear end of the frame (6) are respectively provided with a limiting wheel (17) with adjustable limiting height through a limiting wheel frame (4) and a limiting wheel mounting seat (5).
2. The profiling sugarcane leaf grinding and returning machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the multiple groups of blade crushing movable blades are arranged in three rows on the rotating shaft (3) along the axis direction, and each adjacent three groups of blade crushing movable blades are arranged in a delta shape on the horizontal projection plane.
3. The profiling sugarcane top grinding and returning machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: each group of long blade crushing movable cutters comprise a left long cutter (18), a middle long cutter (19) and a right long cutter (20), the left long cutter (18), the middle long cutter (19) and the right long cutter (20) are all hinged and installed on a long cutter installation seat (21) through a pin shaft (26), the long cutter installation seat (21) is welded and fixed on a rotating shaft (3), the left long cutter (18) is hinged and installed on the long cutter installation seat (21) on the left side of the middle long cutter (19), the left long cutter (18) is far away from the hinged end and bent towards the left side arc, the right long cutter (20) is hinged and installed on the long cutter installation seat (21) on the right side of the middle long cutter (19), the right long cutter (20) is far away from the hinged end and bent towards the right side arc, and the left long cutter (18) and the right long cutter (20) are symmetrical left and right by taking the middle long cutter (19) as the center.
4. The profiling sugarcane top crushing and returning machine as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the rotary cutting sides of the left long knife (18), the middle long knife (19) and the right long knife (20) are all provided with cutting edges.
5. The profiling sugarcane top grinding and returning machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: each group of short chopping She Dongdao comprises a left short knife (22), a middle short knife (23) and a right short knife (24), wherein the left short knife (22), the middle short knife (23) and the right short knife (24) are hinged to a short knife mounting seat (25) through a pin shaft (26), the short knife mounting seat (25) is welded and fixed on a rotating shaft (3), the left short knife (22) is hinged to the short knife mounting seat (25) on the left side of the middle short knife (23), the end, far away from the hinged end, of the left short knife (22) is bent towards the left side in an arc shape, the right short knife (24) is hinged to the short knife mounting seat (25) on the right side of the middle short knife (23), the end, far away from the hinged end, of the right short knife (24) is bent towards the right side in an arc shape, and the left short knife (22) and the right short knife (24) are symmetrical left and right by taking the middle short knife (23) as the center.
6. The profiling sugarcane top grinding and returning machine as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the rotary cutting sides of the left short cutter (22), the middle short cutter (23) and the right short cutter (24) are all provided with cutting edges.
7. The profiling sugarcane top grinding and returning machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the short-crushing She Dingdao (27) and the long-crushing fixed cutter (28) both comprise U-shaped cutter bodies (31), the U-shaped cutter body (31) of the short-crushing She Dingdao (27) is shorter than the U-shaped cutter body (31) of the long-crushing fixed cutter (28), a mounting hole (32) is formed in the middle of each U-shaped cutter body (31), and an adjusting and mounting bolt (9) for fixedly mounting the U-shaped cutter body (31) at the bottom of the baffle (7) is mounted in each mounting hole (32); the U-shaped cutter bodies (31) of the short-crushing She Dingdao (27) and the long-crushing fixed cutter (28) correspond to the positions of the middle short cutter (23) and the middle long cutter (19), so that the middle long cutter (19) rotates to pass through the middle of the U-shaped cutter body (31) of the short-crushing She Dingdao (27), and the middle short cutter (23) rotates to pass through the middle of the U-shaped cutter body (31) of the long-crushing fixed cutter (28).
8. The profiling sugarcane top grinding and returning machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: one end of the limiting wheel frame (4) is rotatably provided with a limiting wheel (17), the other end of the limiting wheel frame (4) is provided with an adjusting hole (29) and a connecting hole (30), the limiting wheel mounting seat (5) is also provided with one connecting hole (30) and a plurality of adjusting holes (29) corresponding to the hole pitch, the limiting wheel frame (4) is inserted into the limiting wheel mounting seat (5), the connecting hole (30) in the limiting wheel frame (4) is connected with the connecting hole (30) in the limiting wheel mounting seat (5) through a bolt or a pin shaft, and the adjusting hole (29) in the limiting wheel frame (4) is connected with one adjusting hole (29) in the limiting wheel mounting seat (5) through a bolt.
CN202221190428.3U 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 Still field machine is smashed to profile modeling sugarcane leaf Active CN217608418U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221190428.3U CN217608418U (en) 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 Still field machine is smashed to profile modeling sugarcane leaf

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221190428.3U CN217608418U (en) 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 Still field machine is smashed to profile modeling sugarcane leaf

Publications (1)

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CN217608418U true CN217608418U (en) 2022-10-21

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