CN217533463U - Triangular arrangement divides into groups product packaging box's package equipment - Google Patents

Triangular arrangement divides into groups product packaging box's package equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217533463U
CN217533463U CN202220749782.9U CN202220749782U CN217533463U CN 217533463 U CN217533463 U CN 217533463U CN 202220749782 U CN202220749782 U CN 202220749782U CN 217533463 U CN217533463 U CN 217533463U
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China
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plate
assembly
claw
packaging
cylinder
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CN202220749782.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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史中伟
史正
舒春如
郑优红
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Hangzhou Zhongya Machinery Co Ltd
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Hangzhou Zhongya Machinery Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a package equipment of product packaging box is grouped in triangular arrangement, including loading conveying assembly, package hem subassembly, grouping transport subassembly to and package transport subassembly, wherein, the bonding is realized by the centre gripping together in the connection position of parcel piece and the support limit of separator, and grouping device can make the product arrange into a set of, and every group has threely and is the state that triangle-shaped was arranged, and puts into the locating hole of separator together through grouping transport subassembly with three products of every group product. After glue is sprayed to the outer sides of the two connecting edges of the wrapping piece, the packaging and carrying assembly is involved in operation, and the packaged packaging boxes are finally carried to the conveying belt.

Description

Triangular arrangement divides into groups product packaging box's package equipment
[ technical field ] A
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the packing, concretely relates to package equipment of packing carton.
[ background of the invention ]
The grouping mode of the milk products or other similar beverage products which are common at present is in a rectangular array distribution. With the change of travel and the abundant and varied characteristics of social occasions, the single demand for dairy products tends to be a medium-volume state, namely the quantity of the dairy products purchased at a time is not single but far less than that of the large products. Therefore, the applicant develops a packaging box in an independent packaging mode of three products, which can well meet the use requirement and is convenient to carry and take out for use. Referring to fig. 1 to 5, the packing box 1 is formed by combining a packing member 11 and a partition member 12, and the partition member 12 is provided on a bottom plate, on which three positioning holes 1211 arranged in a triangular shape are provided. The current grouping device can not realize the grouping mode of triangular arrangement of three products. In the state shown in fig. 4, the separating member is already adhered to the wrapping member, and the three products are positioned in the positioning holes 1211 and are distributed in a triangular shape, and finally the wrapping member needs to be wrapped.
[ Utility model ] content
Not enough to prior art, the utility model aims to solve the technical problem that a package equipment is provided can make three products be triangle-shaped mode and arrange to place in treating the package packing carton in groups, get up the formation three-dimensional packing with parcel piece package at last.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: an encapsulation device for triangularly arranging and grouping product packaging boxes, which comprises a loading and conveying assembly, an encapsulation folding assembly, a grouping and carrying assembly and an encapsulation carrying assembly,
the loading and conveying assembly comprises two conveying chains arranged side by side and a carrier arranged on the two conveying chains, the carrier comprises a bearing plate with a triangular bearing space, and three limiting flanges are arranged at three corner positions corresponding to the triangular bearing space;
a glue gun for spraying glue to the outer side of the supporting edge of the separator adhered to the inner side of the first side plate is arranged above the inlet side of the packaging and flanging assembly;
the package flanging assembly comprises a package flanging plate which is arranged above the loading and conveying assembly and can be lifted and translated, a limiting pressing plate which is arranged on the first side of the loading and conveying assembly and can be translated, and an extrusion plate which is arranged above the loading and conveying assembly and can be lifted and translated, wherein the first side plate of the folded wrapping piece is pressed downwards through the package flanging plate, and the first side plate on the wrapping piece and the corresponding supporting edge on the partition piece are clamped together through the matching of the limiting pressing plate and the extrusion plate;
a glue gun for spraying glue to the outer sides of the other two supporting edges of the separator is arranged on the outlet side of the packet flanging assembly;
the grouping assembly comprises a conveying belt, a first screw rod and a second screw rod which are arranged on two sides of a conveying plane of the conveying belt side by side, and a middle stop lever arranged in the middle position above the conveying plane of the conveying belt, wherein the screw pitch of the first screw rod is larger than that of the second screw rod, the first screw rod is driven by a first motor, and the second screw rod is driven by a second motor;
the grouping carrying assembly comprises a fixed frame, three grouping suckers which are arranged on the fixed frame in a triangular manner and a grouping sucker translation lifting mechanism which drives the fixed frame to translate and lift;
the package transport subassembly includes that first mechanism of claw and drive first mechanism of claw carry out the translation and the first translation elevating system of claw that goes up and down, first mechanism of claw includes first base of claw and installs in first sucking disc of claw, claw cylinder, two movable claws, a fixed claw, and first curb plate cooperates on fixed claw and the parcel piece, through the flexible swing of driving movable claw of claw cylinder, two movable claws correspond and parcel piece on two second curb plate cooperations, make two second curb plates and correspond the limit of being connected and pass through glue bonding fixed.
Preferably, the loading and conveying assembly is rotatably connected with a turnover plate on the first side of the inlet side of the packet flanging assembly, the turnover plate is driven by a turnover cylinder to turn over, before a packaging box to be packaged is placed into the carrier, the turnover plate turns outwards and avoids the space above the carrier, and after the packaging box to be packaged is placed into the carrier, the turnover plate turns inwards to be in a horizontal state to limit the packaging box to be packaged on the carrier.
Preferably, the loading and conveying assembly is provided with a support rod which extends along the conveying direction and supports the outward extending part of the wrapping piece on the outer side of the second side of the inlet side of the wrapping and folding assembly; and/or the package flanging assembly further comprises a guide rod arranged on the second side of the loading and conveying assembly, and the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is guided by the guide rod to be turned inwards and kept in a turning state.
Preferably, the envelope folding assembly further comprises a first limiting rod which is arranged on the first side of the loading and conveying assembly and limits the position above the partition; and/or a second limiting rod for keeping the folding state of the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is arranged on the second side of the outlet side of the wrapping folding assembly of the loading conveying assembly.
Preferably, the package flanging assembly further comprises two first gantry supports, the package flanging plate is mounted on the lifting beam, the lifting beam is connected with the first lifting cylinder, a guide plate is connected to a cross beam of the first gantry support in a sliding mode, a first horizontal cylinder is fixed to the cross beam of the first gantry support, a piston rod of the first horizontal cylinder is connected with the guide plate, and the first lifting cylinder is connected with the guide plate.
Preferably, the extrusion plate is mounted on a horizontal beam, the horizontal beam is connected with a second horizontal cylinder, the second horizontal cylinder is connected with a second lifting cylinder, and the second lifting cylinder is mounted on a cross beam of the first gantry support.
Preferably, the package hem assembly further comprises a second gantry support arranged between the two first gantry supports, a limiting pressure plate translation cylinder is mounted on an upright post of the second gantry support, a piston rod of the limiting pressure plate translation cylinder is connected with the limiting pressure plate, the limiting pressure plate is further connected with a guide rod, and a guide sleeve matched with the guide rod is mounted on the upright post of the first gantry support.
Preferably, the claw head base is provided with a push plate for pushing the extending part of the wrapping piece down in the area between the two movable claws.
Preferably, the edge of the claw head base is provided with a limiting plate corresponding to the inner side of the movable claw for limiting the movable claw.
Preferably, two suckers in the three grouped suckers are fixedly arranged on the fixed frame, and the other sucker is driven by the linear air cylinder to horizontally slide on the fixed frame.
The above technical scheme is adopted in the utility model, among the package hem subassembly, the package hem board can go up and down and the translation, and it is at first descending, the connection position is buckled to the package hem board, and the translation is after that, and the connection position is connected in the extrusion of package hem board, orders about the connection position and is ninety degrees with the main part and buckles, resumes initial condition afterwards. Then, the limiting pressure plate moves in a translation mode from one side of the conveying path until the connecting position pushing the wrapping piece moves towards the position of the supporting edge of the separating piece; the extrusion plate can be lifted and translated, and firstly, the extrusion plate descends, extends into the positioning hole of the partition part, then, translates, and moves towards the position of the supporting edge of the partition part, and finally, the connecting part of the wrapping part and the supporting edge of the partition part are clamped together until the two are bonded together.
The grouping device enables the products to be arranged into a group, each group is provided with three products and is arranged in a triangular shape, and the three products of each group of products are placed into the positioning holes of the separating pieces together through the grouping carrying assembly.
After glue is sprayed to the outer sides of the two connecting edges of the wrapping piece, the packaging and carrying assembly intervenes in operation. Firstly, the claw head mechanism translates, the push plate directly pushes down the extending part of the wrapping piece, the wrapping piece covers the product, and then the claw head mechanism descends until the claw head base presses the wrapping piece on the product; then the movable claw is put down, and the wrapping piece is further bent until the two side plates of the wrapping piece are correspondingly connected with the two connecting edges sprayed with glue on the wrapping piece. And finally, the movable claw, the fixed claw and the claw head sucker are clamped together to be connected with the whole packing box, and the packed packing box is finally conveyed to the conveying belt.
These features and advantages of the present invention will be disclosed in more detail in the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings.
[ description of the drawings ]
The utility model is further described with the following drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic view of an expanded structure of a packaging box wrapping member of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of an expanded structure of a spacer of the packing box according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the partitioning member and the wrapping member after they are connected together by the wrapping member forming device;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a package box to be packaged after three component products are placed therein;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of wrapping the product after the packaging of the packaging box is completed;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the separator forming device of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a plan view of the main part of the separator forming apparatus according to the present invention;
fig. 8 is a front view of the main part of the separator forming device of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a perspective view of the main part of the separator forming device of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a spacer suction cup in a spacer suction transfer assembly moving under a spacer storage assembly;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the spacer bending assembly in cooperation with a spacer suction cup;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a spacer bending assembly;
fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of a wrapping member forming device according to the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the engagement of the parcel suction cup with the parcel storage assembly;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the engagement of the wrapper suction cup with the wrapper bending assembly;
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of the engagement of the wrap suction cup, the spacer bending assembly and the wrap bending assembly;
fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of the partitioning member after being molded by the partitioning member molding device;
FIG. 18 is a schematic view of the parcel suction cups bringing the divider and the parcel together, already joined, onto a carrier of the loading conveyor assembly;
FIG. 19 is a schematic diagram of a grouping apparatus arranged in a triangle;
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of the relative positions of the triangularly arranged grouping apparatus, the grouping and handling assembly, and the wrapping apparatus;
FIG. 21 is a first schematic view of the envelope folding assembly;
FIG. 22 is a second schematic view of the structure of the envelope folding assembly;
FIG. 23 is a schematic view of the packet handling assembly;
FIG. 24 is a schematic view showing that after being output from the wrapping and hemming assembly, three component products are simultaneously placed in the packaging box to be wrapped and glue is sprayed to the outer sides of the other two connecting edges of the wrapping member;
FIG. 25 is a schematic view of a package carrier assembly according to the present invention;
reference numerals: product 100, packaging box 1, wrapping member 11, bottom plate 111, connecting edge 1111, top plate 112, side plate 113, rectangular portion 1131, isosceles trapezoid portion 1132, separating member 12, separating plate 121, positioning hole 1211 and supporting edge 122;
the device comprises a separator forming device 2, a separator storage assembly 21, a guide rod 211, a baffle 212, a separator suction transfer assembly 22, a separator sucker 221, a suction pipe port 2211, a limiting convex edge 2212, a linear guide rail 222, an object stage 223, a linear motor 224, a linear air cylinder 225, a separator bending assembly 23, an object carrying plate 231, a support plate 232, a limiting bottom plate 233, a suction pipe 234, a linear air cylinder 235, a separator folding plate 236 and a separator second translation lifting mechanism 24;
the wrapping piece forming device 3, a wrapping piece storage component 31, a bottom plate 311, a carrier 312, a lifting driver 313, a baffle 314, a wrapping piece sucking and transferring component 32, a wrapping piece sucker 321, a wrapping piece translation lifting mechanism 322, a wrapping piece bending component 33, a carrier template 331, a wrapping piece flanging plate 332, a flanging cylinder 333 and a first glue gun 334;
the grouping device 4, a conveying belt 41, an intermediate stop lever 42, a first screw 43 and a second screw 44;
the grouping and carrying assembly 5, a fixed frame 51, a grouping sucker 52, a translation linear air cylinder 53 and a grouping sucker translation lifting mechanism 54;
the packaging device 6 comprises a loading conveying assembly 61, a conveying chain 611, a carrier 612, a limiting flange 6121, a turnover plate 613, a supporting rod 614, a second glue gun 62, a packaging flanging plate 63, a flanging plate lifting and translation mechanism 631, a limiting push plate 64, a limiting push plate translation cylinder 641, an extrusion plate 65, an extrusion plate lifting and translation mechanism 651, a guide rod 66, a first limiting rod 661, a second limiting rod 662, a packaging carrying assembly 67, a claw head base 671, a claw head sucker 672, a fixed claw 673, a movable claw 674, a vertical segment 6741, a limiting plate 675, a push plate 676 and a claw cylinder 677.
[ detailed description ] embodiments
The technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention are explained and explained below with reference to the drawings of the embodiments of the present invention, but the embodiments described below are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the embodiment, other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without any creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that features from the examples and embodiments described below may be combined with each other without conflict.
The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. Words such as "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "lateral", "longitudinal", etc., indicating directions or positional relationships, are based only on the directions or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device/element referred to must have a particular orientation or be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
In the present application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the recitation of a first feature "on" or "under" a second feature may include the recitation of the first and second features being in direct contact, and may also include the recitation of the first and second features not being in direct contact, but being in contact with another feature between them. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, a packing carton 1, including parcel piece 11 and separator 12, parcel piece 11 includes bottom plate 111 and the roof 112 of equilateral triangle structure, connects the curb plate 113 of three sides of bottom plate and roof, separator 12 includes equilateral triangle's division board 121 and outwards extends and the support limit 122 of vertical bending downwards from three sides of division board, be equipped with three locating holes 1211 that triangle-shaped arranged on division board 121 for separate and fix a position product 100, separator 12 locates on bottom plate 111 and three support limits 122 correspond and support on three sides of bottom plate. The corners of the bottom plate 111, the top plate 112, and the spacers 12 are rounded.
In this embodiment, the area of the top plate 112 is smaller than that of the bottom plate 111, and correspondingly, the side plate includes a rectangular portion 1131 and an isosceles trapezoid portion 1132. The bottom edge of the rectangular part is connected with the side edge of the bottom plate, the top edge of the rectangular part is connected with the lower bottom of the isosceles trapezoid part, the upper bottom of the isosceles trapezoid part is connected with the side edge of the top plate, the upper bottom of the isosceles trapezoid part is smaller than the side edge length of the top plate, and the bottom edge of the rectangular part is smaller than the side edge length of the bottom plate. Thus, the package box after packaging the article has a sealed structure as shown in fig. 5, a gap is formed between two adjacent side plates, and the isosceles trapezoid part forms an inclined plane.
In order to reduce the cost and facilitate the manufacturing, the wrapping member 11 and the separating member 12 are each formed by folding a single piece of cardboard. Correspondingly, one of the side plates is integrally connected with the bottom plate and the top plate (for the convenience of description, the side plate is hereinafter referred to as a first side plate, and the other two side plates are referred to as second side plates), and the second side plate is integrally connected with the top plate and is bonded with the bottom plate. The outer sides of two side edges of the bottom plate which are bonded with the second side plates correspondingly are also provided with connecting edges 1111 which extend outwards and are bent upwards vertically, and the two connecting edges are bonded with the inner sides of the two corresponding second side plates; meanwhile, the two connecting edges are correspondingly adhered to the outer sides of the two supporting edges, and the other supporting edge is adhered to the inner side of the first side plate.
The wrapping member 11 and the partitioning member 12 described above are respectively molded to be formed into the shapes shown in fig. 1 and 2, respectively. And then may be assembled by automated equipment.
The forming of the separator 12 is performed by the separator forming device 2 shown in fig. 6 to 12, and mainly the bending forming of the three support sides 122 of the separator 12. The partitioning member 12 is connected to the wrapping member 11 by the wrapping member forming device 3 shown in fig. 13 to fig. 16 after being formed, and mainly three supporting edges 122 of the partitioning member 12 are adhered to two corresponding connecting edges 1111. Then, the overhanging part of the wrapping piece 11 except the bottom plate is bent by the envelope folding assembly shown in fig. 21 and 22, and the first side plate is bonded with the corresponding connecting edge, so as to form the state shown in fig. 3.
The products 100 are grouped by the grouping device 4 shown in fig. 19, arranged in a triangle, and then grouped and transported by the grouping and transporting assembly 5 shown in fig. 23 into the packaging box to be packaged in the state shown in fig. 3, so as to form the state shown in fig. 4. Finally, after glue is applied to the other two connecting edges, the wrapping and the handling are completed by the wrapping handling assembly 67 as shown in fig. 25, and the wrapping is the state shown in fig. 5.
As shown in fig. 6 to 12, the separator forming device 2 includes a separator storage assembly 21, a separator suction transfer assembly 22, a translation elevating mechanism 24, and a separator bending assembly 23.
The separator storage assembly 21 is provided with a vertical separator storage space, the separator storage assembly comprises a bottom plate and a guide rod 211 vertically fixed on the bottom plate, the guide rod can form a vertical storage space according to the profile arrangement of the separator, and a separator outlet is formed in the bottom of the separator storage space. The edge of separator export is equipped with inside convex separation blade 212, and separation blade 212 sets up a plurality ofly along the edge of separator export, can be according to separator size adjustment separation blade quantity to the separation blade is less, and when separator sucking disc absorbed the separator like this, just can make it overcome the separation blade resistance, breaks away from the separator export.
The separator suction and transfer assembly 22 includes a separator suction cup 221 and a separator first translation and elevation mechanism that drives the separator suction cup to translate and elevate, and the separator suction cup is moved to the separator storage assembly 21 by the separator first translation and elevation mechanism to suck the separator 12, and the separator 12 is transferred to the position below the separator bending assembly 23.
Corresponding to the shape of the equilateral triangle of the separator, the separator suction cup 221 includes a suction cup holder of an equilateral triangle structure and three suction ports 2211 arranged on the suction cup holder in a triangular arrangement. And the corner of sucking disc seat is equipped with the arc portion, the top of arc portion is equipped with the convex part in sucking disc seat upper plane's curved spacing chimb 2212, and curved spacing chimb corresponds with the arc of 12 corners of separator.
The first translation and lifting mechanism of the separator comprises a linear motor 224, a linear guide rail 222, an objective table 223 mounted on the linear guide rail and a linear cylinder 225 mounted on the objective table, wherein the output end of the linear motor is connected with the objective table, the linear motor drives the objective table to do reciprocating linear motion along the linear guide rail, a piston rod of the linear cylinder is connected with a separator sucker, and the linear cylinder drives the separator sucker to do reciprocating linear motion in the vertical direction.
As shown in fig. 12, the separator bending assembly 23 includes an object carrying plate 231, a limiting bottom plate 233, a supporting plate 232 and a suction pipe 234 which are arranged in parallel from top to bottom, the limiting bottom plate is an equilateral triangle and the corners of the limiting bottom plate are fillets, the limiting bottom plate and the object carrying plate are fixed together through a connecting rod, a linear cylinder 235 is installed on the object carrying plate, a piston rod of the linear cylinder is connected with the supporting plate, the linear cylinder drives the supporting plate to perform reciprocating linear motion from top to bottom, a through hole is formed in the limiting bottom plate, the suction pipe is fixed on the object carrying plate, the lower end of the suction pipe penetrates through the through hole, three edges of the supporting plate are fixedly connected with a separator folding plate 236, and the three separator folding plates correspond to three supporting edges of the separator plate matched with the three edges of the limiting bottom plate to perform bending operation. The linear cylinder drives the supporting plate to do linear motion, and then the separating piece flanging plate can be made to do reciprocating motion on the edge of the limiting bottom plate, so that the separating piece flanging plate protrudes out of one side of the limiting bottom plate and one side of the separating piece flanging plate, which is far away from the limiting bottom plate, is formed.
Furthermore, the middle positions of the three side surfaces of the sucker seat and the limiting bottom plate are respectively provided with a limiting groove which is communicated from top to bottom, the limiting grooves are matched with the partition folding plate, the partition folding plate 236 is provided with two folding heads side by side, and the head ends of the folding heads are folded outwards. The separator bending component 23 is located above the sucker seat during working, the separator 12 is adsorbed on the bottom surface of the limiting bottom plate 233 through a suction pipe, the separator flanging plate 236 downwards extrudes the supporting edge 122 of the separator 12, the supporting edge is extruded to the limiting grooves on the side surfaces of the sucker seat and the limiting bottom plate, and finally the supporting edge is bent.
In operation, the partition members in the form of cardboard are stacked in the storage space of the partition member storage assembly; the partition sucking and transferring assembly comprises a partition sucking disc, a partition storing assembly, a linear air cylinder, a partition sucking disc, a partition transferring assembly and a partition storing space, wherein the partition sucking disc on the partition sucking and transferring assembly moves to a partition outlet of the partition storing assembly, and the sucking disc extends into the partition storing space from the partition outlet after being lifted by the linear air cylinder until the sucking disc is in contact with the partition and sucks the partition; sucking away a piece of separator after the sucker descends; then the sucker moves horizontally to the lower part of the separating piece bending component, the separating piece bending component descends, and the tail end of the suction pipe sucks the separating piece. The separating member hemming plate descends, bending operation is carried out on the separating member, and finally the separating member hemming plate ascends.
Further, the partition bending assembly 23 is driven by a partition second translation and lifting mechanism 24 to realize translation and lifting. The second translation and lifting mechanism of the separating element comprises a lower moving plate connected with the object carrying plate, an upper moving plate arranged above the lower moving plate, a linear cylinder arranged on the upper moving plate and a synchronous belt connected with the upper moving plate, the translation of the bending component of the separating element is realized through the synchronous belt, and the lifting of the bending component of the separating element is realized through the linear cylinder.
The wrapping member 11 has been previously formed into the shape shown in fig. 1, and the partitioning member 12 formed by the partitioning member forming means 2 and the wrapping member 11 are joined together by the wrapping member forming means 3. As shown in fig. 13 to 18, the wrapping member forming device 3 includes a wrapping member storage unit 31, a wrapping member suction transfer unit 32, and a wrapping member bending unit 33.
As shown in fig. 14, the parcel storage assembly 31 comprises a bottom plate 311, a carrier 312 arranged above the bottom plate, a lifting driver 313 arranged below the bottom plate for driving the carrier to lift, and a baffle 314 vertically fixed on the bottom plate and moving upwards to pass through the carrier, wherein the carrier and the baffle cooperate to form a parcel storage space; the lifting driver comprises a guide rod, a screw rod and a servo motor, the guide rod is vertically installed on the bottom plate, a guide sleeve matched with the guide rod is arranged on the carrier, the screw rod is connected with a nut, the nut is connected with the carrier, and the servo motor drives the screw rod to rotate.
As shown in fig. 15, the wrapping member bending assembly 33 includes a carrying template 331 for placing the wrapping member and the separating member, the front portion of the carrying template is provided with oblique edges corresponding to two side edges of the bottom plate of the wrapping member, the outer side of the oblique edge is provided with a connecting edge 1111 for extruding the wrapping member when the wrapping member rises, so that the connecting edge is upwards and vertically bent, the wrapping member folding plate 332 is driven to rise and fall by a folding edge cylinder 333, and a first glue gun 334 for spraying glue on two supporting edges 122 of the separating member 12 is further provided.
As shown in fig. 13 and 15, the parcel sucking and transferring assembly 32 includes a parcel sucking disc 321 and a parcel translation and lifting mechanism 322 for driving the parcel sucking disc to translate and lift, and after the parcel sucking disc sucks the parcels stored in the parcel storage space, the parcels are transferred to the carrying template 331 through the parcel translation and lifting mechanism 322. Parcel piece translation elevating system includes the lower movable plate of being connected with parcel piece sucking disc, locates the last movable plate of lower movable plate top, installs in the sharp cylinder of last movable plate, the hold-in range of being connected with the last movable plate, realizes the translation of parcel piece sucking disc through the hold-in range, realizes the lift of parcel piece sucking disc through sharp cylinder.
In order to conveniently suck the wrapping piece, the wrapping piece sucking disc 321 comprises a sucking disc bottom plate, the front half part of the sucking disc bottom plate is in an isosceles trapezoid shape, the rear half part of the sucking disc bottom plate is in a rectangular shape, and the rear half part of the sucking disc bottom plate is connected with a lower moving plate of the wrapping piece translation lifting mechanism through a connecting rod. After the wrapping piece sucking disc 321 sucks the wrapping piece, the two isosceles trapezoid waist parts of the front half part are positioned on the inner sides of the two side edges of the bottom plate of the wrapping piece, and the corresponding connecting edges are not affected to be bent upwards. Corresponding, the first half that carries the thing template is isosceles trapezoid, the latter half is the rectangle, and the head end upside of first half is equipped with the location chimb that advances line location to the parcel, and parcel sucking disc 321 absorbs the parcel and advances line location back by the location chimb, and two sides correspond with two anterior hypotenuses that carry the thing template basically on the parcel bottom plate.
The wrapping piece flanging plate is in a low station in an initial state. In use, the wrapping member suction cups 321 first suck the wrapping member 11 to be placed on the carrying template 331, and then the partitioning member bending assembly 23 grips the partitioning member 12 shown in fig. 17 to be placed on the upper portion of the wrapping member 11. When the separator was placed on the parcel, parcel sucking disc 321 did not break away from the parcel, and separator bending assembly 23 did not break away from the separator, and the separator bottom received the support of parcel sucking disc, and parcel and separator are all fixed motionless, and then, first gluey rifle 334 spouts the glue to two support limits 122 of separator, and the parcel hem board of parcel bending assembly 33 rises, makes the connection limit 1111 of parcel and the support limit 122 bonding of separator. Then, the wrapping member folding plate of the wrapping member folding assembly 33 is lowered, and then the wrapping member folding plate of the partitioning member folding assembly 23 is lowered, and is raised after pressing the two connection portions.
Then, as shown in fig. 18, the wrapping member suction cup 321 of the wrapping member suction transfer assembly brings the partition member and the wrapping member, which have been bonded together, to be placed on the carrier 612 carried by the loading conveyor assembly 61.
The products normally transported on the conveyor belt are arranged linearly, so that the products packed in a triangular arrangement need to be grouped.
As shown in fig. 19, a grouping device 4 with a triangular arrangement comprises a conveyor belt 41, a first screw 43 and a second screw 44 which are arranged at two sides of a conveying plane of the conveyor belt side by side, and an intermediate stop lever 42 which is arranged at a middle position above the conveying plane of the conveyor belt, wherein the screw pitch of the first screw is larger than that of the second screw, the first screw is driven by a first motor, and the second screw is driven by a second motor. The conveyer belt obtains the state of expansion and drive power with the usual mode, and after two lines of products were come to the conveyer belt, the product can be further separated the range under the guide of screw rod, because the pitch of first screw rod is greater than the pitch of second screw rod, the first line product range that corresponds to first screw rod is slightly open, should the second line product range of second screw rod separate more, and final product can be arranged into a set of one, and every group has three and is the state of triangle-shaped arrangement.
Two door-shaped supports are arranged side by side along the extension direction of the conveying belt, and two end parts of the middle stop lever are fixed on a cross beam of the door-shaped supports through connecting pieces.
Then, each group of triangularly arranged products needs to be put into a package box in an intermediate state formed by the wrapping member forming device in groups, and then the packaging device 6 can be finally packaged.
As shown in fig. 22, the packing device 6 includes a loading conveyor assembly 61, and the loading conveyor assembly 61 includes two conveyor chains 611 arranged side by side and a carrier 612 mounted on the two conveyor chains. As shown in fig. 18, the carrier 612 includes a carrier plate and a triangular carrier space disposed on the carrier plate, the triangular carrier space has a limiting rib 6121 at three corners, and the limiting rib 6121 is arc-shaped and corresponds to a fillet of the three corners of the bottom plate of the parcel. The carrier 612 is further provided with a limiting pin for limiting the position of an included angle formed by the first side plate and the bottom plate on the wrapping piece.
Three products of each group of products are placed together into the locating holes of the divider by the group handling assembly 5. As shown in fig. 20, the group transporting assembly 5 includes a fixed frame 51, three group suction cups 52 disposed at the bottom of the fixed frame and arranged in a triangle, and a group suction cup translation lifting mechanism 54 for moving the fixed frame to translate and lift. Two of the three suction cups are fixedly mounted on a fixed frame 51, and the other suction cup is driven by a translational linear cylinder 53 to horizontally slide on the fixed frame. The translation lifting mechanism comprises a fixed support, a translation lifting support arranged below the fixed support, a lifting cylinder arranged on the fixed support and used for driving the translation lifting support to lift, a synchronous belt driving the fixed support and driving the translation lifting support to transversely translate, and a lead screw nut assembly arranged on the translation lifting support, wherein the fixed support is driven by the lead screw nut assembly to longitudinally translate the fixed frame.
In the initial state, the linear cylinder contracts to enable one grouped suction cup 52 to be far away from the other two grouped suction cups, and the three are arranged in a triangle with two equal sides. Fixed frame 51 installs on grouping sucking disc translation elevating system 54, and during operation, grouping sucking disc arrange grouping device department in earlier, and every group grouping sucking disc rises after absorbing three products, and translation straight line cylinder 53 stretches out simultaneously, impels original three to arrange not equidistant product, arrange and be the same situation of interval. Then, the three products are placed into the positioning holes 1211 of the separating member of the packing box in the unfolded state on the carrier.
As shown in fig. 20 to 25, the wrapping apparatus 6 includes the loading conveyor 61, a wrapping edge folding assembly and a wrapping handling assembly 67.
The movement mode of the loading and conveying assembly 61 is always step movement, for example, four carriers advance at a time, so that after stepping by one station, the packaging and folding assembly can simultaneously perform packaging and folding operation on the packaging boxes to be packaged on the four carriers.
As shown in fig. 18, the preliminarily coupled wrapping members and the partitioning member are put into the carrier 612 by the wrapping member suction transfer assembly 32 as described above, and the wrapping members are protruded from the triangular carrying space except for the bottom plate portion already coupled to the partitioning member, hereinafter referred to as a wrapping member overhanging portion.
Before the wrapping piece is subjected to package flanging, glue needs to be sprayed on the outer side of one supporting edge (specifically, the supporting edge corresponding to the first side plate for connection) of the separating piece, so that the side plate can be adhered to the outer side of the supporting edge when the package flanging is performed. As shown in fig. 21, a second glue gun 62 for spraying glue to the outside of the supporting edge where the separating piece is adhered to the inside of the first side plate is provided above the inlet side of the envelope folding assembly, and is mounted on the frame of the loading and conveying assembly.
As shown in fig. 21 and 22, the packet flanging assembly comprises a packet flanging plate 63 which is arranged above the loading and conveying assembly and can be lifted and translated, a limiting push plate 64 which is arranged on the first side of the loading and conveying assembly and can be translated, and a squeezing plate 65 which is arranged above the loading and conveying assembly and can be lifted and translated, wherein the first side plate is pressed and bent downwards through the packet flanging plate 63, and the corresponding supporting edges on the first side plate and the partition piece on the wrapping piece are clamped together through the matching of the limiting push plate 64 and the squeezing plate 65.
The package hemming plate 63 is driven by the hemming plate elevation and translation mechanism 631, the limit push plate 64 is driven by the limit push plate translation cylinder 641, and the extrusion plate 65 is driven by the extrusion plate elevation and translation mechanism 651.
Specifically, the package hem subassembly is still including setting up two first longmen supports side by side, the package hem board is installed on the lifing beam, the lifing beam is connected with first lift cylinder, and sliding connection has the deflector on the crossbeam of first longmen support to be fixed with first horizontal cylinder on the crossbeam of first longmen support, the deflector is connected to first horizontal cylinder's piston rod, first lift cylinder is connected with the deflector, hem board lift translation mechanism 631 is constituteed to above-mentioned structure. The extrusion plate is arranged on a horizontal beam, the horizontal beam is connected with a second horizontal cylinder, the second horizontal cylinder is connected with a second lifting cylinder, the second lifting cylinder is arranged on a cross beam of the first gantry support, and the extrusion plate lifting translation mechanism 651 is formed by the structure. Be equipped with the second longmen support between two first longmen supports, install spacing push pedal translation cylinder 641 on the stand of second longmen support, the piston rod and the spacing push pedal of spacing push pedal translation cylinder 641 are connected, and guide arm is still connected to spacing push pedal, installs the guide pin bushing with guide arm complex on the stand of first longmen support.
Further, as shown in fig. 22, the package flanging assembly further includes a guiding rod 66 disposed at the second side of the loading and conveying assembly, the guiding rod is provided with a guiding head bent in an arc shape at one side of the inlet of the package flanging assembly, the protruding portion of the package piece is guided to be turned inwards by the guiding head of the guiding rod, and the protruding portion of the package piece is kept in a turned state by the guiding rod in the package flanging process.
Therefore, the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is in a vertical state under the guiding action of the guide rod, the first side plate is located in the operation area of the packet flanging plate, the limiting push plate and the extrusion plate, and glue is sprayed on the outer side of the rest supporting edge of the separating piece through a glue gun.
The package hem board can go up and down and the translation, and it is at first descending, the first curb plate of package hem board bending, and the translation follows this, and the first curb plate of package hem board extrusion orders about first curb plate and bottom plate to be ninety degrees and buckles, resumes initial condition afterwards. Then, the limiting push plate moves in a translation mode from one side of the conveying path until the first side plate of the wrapping piece is pushed to move towards the position of the supporting edge of the separating piece; the extrusion board can go up and down and the translation, and it descends at first, and in the extrusion board stretched into the locating hole of separator, the translation afterwards, the extrusion board moved towards the support limit position of separator, and finally, the first curb plate of parcel piece and the support limit of separator are by the centre gripping together, and until both bondings together.
Further, the loading and conveying assembly is rotatably connected with a turnover plate 613 on the first side of the inlet side of the package edge folding assembly, the turnover plate is driven by a turnover cylinder to realize turnover, before a package box to be packaged is placed into the carrier, the turnover plate is turned outwards and avoids the space above the carrier, and after the package box to be packaged is placed into the carrier, the turnover plate is turned inwards to be in a horizontal state, so that the package box to be packaged on the carrier is limited.
Because the outward extending part length of the wrapping piece is long, the conveying on the loading and conveying assembly is not stable enough, except for limiting through the turning plate 613, the loading and conveying assembly is provided with a support rod 614 which extends along the conveying direction and supports the outward extending part of the wrapping piece on the outer side of the second side of the inlet side of the packet flanging assembly, so that the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is not turned over downwards in the conveying process.
Further, the package flanging assembly further comprises a first limiting rod 661, which is arranged on the first side of the loading and conveying assembly corresponding to the area where the package flanging assembly is located, and is used for limiting above the separating piece. In the working process of the envelope folding assembly, the first limiting rod 661 limits the separating element 12 and the bottom plate of the wrapping element 11 below the separating element, so that the extending part of the wrapping element can keep the separating element 12 and the bottom plate of the wrapping element 11 below the separating element fixed when the extending part is bent upwards.
After the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is bent and bonded by the wrapping and folding assembly, glue needs to be kept for a period of time to fully exert the function, and therefore the second limiting rod 662 for keeping the folding state of the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is arranged on the second side of the outlet side of the wrapping and folding assembly of the loading and conveying assembly.
After the work of the envelope folding assembly is finished, the loading conveying assembly continues to step to the next station, and therefore the station is located at the outlet side of the envelope folding assembly of the loading conveying assembly. As shown in fig. 24, a second glue gun 62 is provided at this station to spray glue onto the outside of the other two connecting edges of the wrapper. And at this station, three products of each group are placed together into the locating holes of the divider by the group-carrying assembly 5. As shown in fig. 20, the grouping device 4 is provided on the side of the loading conveyor assembly 61, the grouping conveyor assembly 5 is located above the loading conveyor assembly 61, and three products of each group of products after the grouping device 4 is grouped by the grouping conveyor assembly 5 are placed into the positioning holes of the partitioning member together.
And finally, completing the packaging and the conveying through the packaging and conveying assembly, namely, downwards packaging the outward extending part of the packaging piece on the product, bonding the two second side plates of the packaging piece with the two corresponding connecting edges, and conveying after bonding.
As shown in fig. 25, the package carrier assembly 67 includes a gripper head mechanism and a gripper head translation and lifting mechanism for driving the gripper head mechanism to translate and lift, the gripper head mechanism includes a gripper head base 671, a gripper head suction cup 672 mounted on the gripper head base, two movable gripper arms 674, and a fixed gripper arm 673, and a gripper arm cylinder 677 is disposed above the gripper head base.
In addition, the jaw head base is provided with a push plate 676 acting over the overhanging portion of the wrapping member in the area between the two movable jaws. Wherein, the trapezoidal face of the overhanging position of package spare is acted on in the head end bottom cross-section of push pedal 676, and fixed claw is cooperated with first curb plate on the package spare, through the flexible swing of driving movable claw of claw hand cylinder, two movable claws correspond and wrap up and go up two other second curb plates cooperation, make two second curb plate edges pass through the glue bonding with the connection limit that corresponds fixed.
In order to limit the moving range of the movable claw and avoid damaging the packaging box and the products inside, a limiting plate 675 for limiting the movable claw is arranged on the edge of the claw head base corresponding to the inner side of the movable claw. It will be appreciated that a retainer plate 675 may also be provided inboard of the locking claw. The limiting plate basically covers the isosceles trapezoid part of the upper side plate of the wrapping piece, the isosceles trapezoid part is an inclined plane after the wrapping is completed, and therefore the limiting plate is an inclined plate which inclines downwards and the inner side wall of the limiting plate is matched with the isosceles trapezoid part of the side plate of the wrapping piece. The two movable claws 674 and the fixed claw 673 extrude the rectangular parts of the side plates, the movable claws are provided with vertical sections 6741 which are in a vertical state after being limited by the limiting plates and are matched with the rectangular parts of the side plates of the wrapping piece, so that the rectangular parts are formed in a three-dimensional mode, the bottom edges of the side plates are tightly attached to the corresponding connecting edges, and finally the side plates are fixed through glue adhesion. Therefore, the part of the fixed claw hand below the limit plate is also in a vertical state.
After glue is sprayed to the outer sides of the other two connecting edges of the wrapping piece, the package carrying assembly 67 intervenes in operation. Firstly, the claw head mechanism translates, the push plate 676 directly pushes down the extending part of the wrapping piece, the extending part of the wrapping piece covers the product, and then the claw head mechanism descends until the claw head base 671 presses the extending part of the wrapping piece on the product; then the movable claw is put down, the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is further bent until the two side plates of the wrapping piece are correspondingly connected with the two connecting edges of the wrapping piece, which are sprayed with glue. Finally, the movable claw 674, the fixed claw 673 and the claw head suction disc 672 are clamped together to establish connection with the whole packing box, and the packed packing box is finally conveyed to the conveying belt.
It will be appreciated that all of the above-described features for translation and elevation may be replaced in other conventional ways.
It will be appreciated that the products described above may be teat cups, tetra pak or other types of products.
The above description is only for the embodiments of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and those skilled in the art should understand that the present invention includes but is not limited to the description in the above embodiments and the accompanying drawings. Any modification which does not depart from the functional and structural principles of the invention is intended to be included within the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. An enclosing device for triangularly arranging and grouping product packaging boxes is characterized by comprising a loading and conveying assembly, an enclosing and folding assembly, a grouping and carrying assembly and an enclosing and carrying assembly,
the loading and conveying assembly comprises two conveying chains arranged side by side and a carrier arranged on the two conveying chains, the carrier comprises a bearing plate with a triangular bearing space, and three limiting flanges are arranged at three corner positions corresponding to the triangular bearing space;
a glue gun for spraying glue to the outer side of the supporting edge of the separator adhered to the inner side of the first side plate is arranged above the inlet side of the packaging and flanging assembly;
the packaging and flanging assembly comprises a packaging and flanging plate which is arranged above the loading and conveying assembly and can be lifted and translated, a limiting pressing plate which is arranged on the first side of the loading and conveying assembly and can be translated, and a squeezing plate which is arranged above the loading and conveying assembly and can be lifted and translated, wherein the first side plate of the packaging piece is pressed and bent through the packaging and flanging plate, and the first side plate on the packaging piece and the corresponding supporting edge on the partition piece are clamped together through the matching of the limiting pressing plate and the squeezing plate;
a glue gun for spraying glue to the outer sides of the other two supporting edges of the separator is arranged on the outlet side of the packet flanging assembly;
the grouping assembly comprises a conveying belt, a first screw rod and a second screw rod which are arranged on two sides of a conveying plane of the conveying belt side by side, and a middle stop lever arranged in the middle position above the conveying plane of the conveying belt, wherein the screw pitch of the first screw rod is larger than that of the second screw rod, the first screw rod is driven by a first motor, and the second screw rod is driven by a second motor;
the grouping carrying assembly comprises a fixed frame, three grouping suckers arranged on the fixed frame in a triangular arrangement manner and a grouping sucker translation lifting mechanism for driving the fixed frame to translate and lift;
the package transport subassembly includes that first mechanism of claw and drive first mechanism of claw carry out the translation and the first translation elevating system of claw that goes up and down, first mechanism of claw includes first base of claw and installs in first sucking disc of claw, claw cylinder, two movable claws, a fixed claw, and first curb plate cooperates on fixed claw and the parcel piece, through the flexible swing of driving movable claw of claw cylinder, two movable claws correspond and parcel piece on two second curb plate cooperations, make two second curb plates and correspond the limit of being connected and pass through glue bonding fixed.
2. The packaging device of claim 1, wherein the loading and conveying assembly is rotatably connected with a turnover plate at a first side of an inlet side of the packaging and flanging assembly, the turnover plate is driven by a turnover cylinder to turn over, the turnover plate turns outwards and avoids a space above the carrier before a packaging box to be packaged is placed into the carrier, and after the packaging box to be packaged is placed into the carrier, the turnover plate turns inwards to be in a horizontal state to limit the packaging box to be packaged on the carrier.
3. The envelope enclosing apparatus for packing boxes with triangularly arranged grouped products as claimed in claim 1, wherein the loading conveyor assembly is provided at an outer side of a second side of the inlet side of the envelope folding assembly with a support bar extending in the conveying direction and supporting an overhanging portion of the wrapping member; and/or the package flanging assembly further comprises a guide rod arranged on the second side of the loading and conveying assembly, and the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is guided by the guide rod to be inwards folded and kept in a folding state.
4. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the envelope folding assembly further comprises a first stop bar disposed on the first side of the load feed assembly for stopping above the divider; and/or a second limiting rod for keeping the folding state of the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is arranged on the second side of the outlet side of the wrapping folding assembly of the loading conveying assembly.
5. The packaging device of claim 1, wherein the package folding assembly further comprises two first gantry supports, the package folding plate is mounted on the lifting beam, the lifting beam is connected with a first lifting cylinder, a guide plate is connected to a cross beam of the first gantry support in a sliding manner, a first horizontal cylinder is fixed to the cross beam of the first gantry support, a piston rod of the first horizontal cylinder is connected with the guide plate, and the first lifting cylinder is connected with the guide plate.
6. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the squeeze plate is mounted on a horizontal beam, the horizontal beam is connected to a second horizontal cylinder, the second horizontal cylinder is connected to a second elevating cylinder, and the second elevating cylinder is mounted on a cross beam of the first gantry frame.
7. The packaging device of the triangular arrangement grouping product packaging boxes according to claim 6, wherein the packaging edge folding assembly further comprises a second gantry bracket arranged between the two first gantry brackets, a limiting pressure plate translation cylinder is installed on a stand column of the second gantry bracket, a piston rod of the limiting pressure plate translation cylinder is connected with a limiting pressure plate, the limiting pressure plate is further connected with a guide rod, and a guide sleeve matched with the guide rod is installed on the stand column of the first gantry bracket.
8. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the claw base is provided with a pushing plate in a region between the two movable claws for pushing the overhanging portion of the wrapping element.
9. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the edge of the claw head base is provided with a position limiting plate corresponding to the inner side of the movable claw for limiting the position of the movable claw.
10. A packing apparatus for packing triangle-arranged grouped product packing boxes according to claim 1, wherein two of the three grouped suction cups are fixedly installed on the fixed frame, and the other suction cup is driven by the linear cylinder to horizontally slide on the fixed frame.
CN202220749782.9U 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 Triangular arrangement divides into groups product packaging box's package equipment Active CN217533463U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220749782.9U CN217533463U (en) 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 Triangular arrangement divides into groups product packaging box's package equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220749782.9U CN217533463U (en) 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 Triangular arrangement divides into groups product packaging box's package equipment

Publications (1)

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CN217533463U true CN217533463U (en) 2022-10-04

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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