CN114537765A - Grouping device with triangular arrangement - Google Patents

Grouping device with triangular arrangement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114537765A
CN114537765A CN202210319237.0A CN202210319237A CN114537765A CN 114537765 A CN114537765 A CN 114537765A CN 202210319237 A CN202210319237 A CN 202210319237A CN 114537765 A CN114537765 A CN 114537765A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
grouping
screw rod
assembly
wrapping
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202210319237.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史中伟
史正
舒春如
郑优红
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hangzhou Zhongya Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hangzhou Zhongya Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hangzhou Zhongya Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Hangzhou Zhongya Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN202210319237.0A priority Critical patent/CN114537765A/en
Publication of CN114537765A publication Critical patent/CN114537765A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/44Arranging and feeding articles in groups by endless belts or chains
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/36Arranging and feeding articles in groups by grippers
    • B65B35/38Arranging and feeding articles in groups by grippers by suction-operated grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/56Orientating, i.e. changing the attitude of, articles, e.g. of non-uniform cross-section
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B51/00Devices for, or methods of, sealing or securing package folds or closures; Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers, or necks of bags
    • B65B51/02Applying adhesives or sealing liquids
    • B65B51/023Applying adhesives or sealing liquids using applicator nozzles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
    • B65B61/28Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for discharging completed packages from machines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Basic Packing Technique (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a grouping device arranged in a triangular mode, which comprises a conveying belt, a first screw rod, a second screw rod and a middle stop lever, wherein the first screw rod and the second screw rod are arranged on two sides of a conveying plane of the conveying belt side by side, the middle stop lever is arranged in the middle position above the conveying plane of the conveying belt, the screw pitch of the first screw rod is larger than that of the second screw rod, the first screw rod is driven by a first motor, and the second screw rod is driven by a second motor. By adopting the technical scheme, after two rows of products are conveyed by the conveying belt, the products are further separated and arranged under the guidance of the screw rods, the screw pitch of the first screw rods is greater than that of the second screw rods, the first rows of products corresponding to the first screw rods are slightly arranged, the second rows of products corresponding to the second screw rods are more separated, and the final products are arranged into one group, wherein each group comprises three products and is in a triangular arrangement state.

Description

Grouping device with triangular arrangement
[ technical field ] A
The invention belongs to the technical field of packaging, and particularly relates to a grouping device.
[ background ] A method for producing a semiconductor device
The grouping mode of the milk products or other similar beverage products which are common at present is in a rectangular array distribution. With the change of travel and the abundant and varied characteristics of social occasions, the single demand for dairy products tends to be a medium-volume state, namely the quantity of the dairy products purchased at a time is not single but far less than that of the large products. The packaging form of the three products can well meet the use requirement, and the three products are convenient to carry and take out for use. However, the current grouping device cannot realize the grouping mode of triangular arrangement of three products.
[ summary of the invention ]
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a grouping device with triangular arrangement, which can enable three products to be arranged in a triangular mode and is convenient for subsequent packaging.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a grouping device of triangle-shaped range, includes the conveyer belt, locates first screw rod and the second screw rod of conveyer belt conveying plane both sides side by side, locates the middle pin of conveyer belt conveying plane top intermediate position, and wherein the pitch of first screw rod is greater than the pitch of second screw rod, and first screw rod is by first motor drive, and the second screw rod is by second motor drive.
Preferably, two portal brackets are arranged side by side along the extension direction of the conveyor belt, and two end parts of the middle stop lever are fixed on a cross beam of the portal brackets through connecting pieces.
Preferably, the device further comprises a grouping and carrying assembly for carrying the grouped products, wherein the grouping and carrying assembly comprises a fixed frame, three grouping suckers which are arranged on the fixed frame in a triangular mode and a grouping sucker translation lifting mechanism for driving the fixed frame to translate and lift.
Preferably, two suckers in the three grouped suckers are fixedly arranged on the fixed frame, and the other sucker is driven by the linear air cylinder to horizontally slide on the fixed frame.
Preferably, the grouped sucker translation lifting mechanism comprises a fixed support, a translation lifting support arranged below the fixed support, a lifting cylinder arranged on the fixed support and used for driving the translation lifting support to lift, a synchronous belt driving the fixed support and driving the translation lifting support to transversely translate, and a screw nut assembly arranged on the translation lifting support, wherein the fixed support is driven by the screw nut assembly to longitudinally translate.
By adopting the technical scheme, after two rows of products are conveyed by the conveying belt, the products are further separated and arranged under the guidance of the screw rods, the screw pitch of the first screw rods is greater than that of the second screw rods, the first rows of products corresponding to the first screw rods are slightly arranged, the second rows of products corresponding to the second screw rods are more separated, and the final products are arranged into one group, wherein each group comprises three products and is in a triangular arrangement state.
These features and advantages of the present invention will be disclosed in more detail in the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings.
[ description of the drawings ]
The invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the unfolded configuration of the wrapper of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing an expanded structure of a partitioning member of the packing box according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the partitioning member and the wrapping member after they are connected together by the wrapping member forming device;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a package box to be packaged after three component products are placed therein;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of wrapping the product after the packaging of the packaging box is completed;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing the structure of a separator forming apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a plan view of a main part of a partitioning member forming apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a front view of a main part of a partitioning member forming apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of a main part of a partitioning member forming apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a spacer suction cup in a spacer suction transfer assembly moving under a spacer storage assembly;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the spacer bending assembly in cooperation with a spacer suction cup;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a spacer bending assembly;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view showing the structure of a wrapping member forming apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the engagement of the parcel suction cup with the parcel storage assembly;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the engagement of the wrapper suction cup with the wrapper bending assembly;
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of the engagement of the wrap suction cup, the spacer bending assembly and the wrap bending assembly;
fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of the partitioning member after being molded by the partitioning member molding device;
FIG. 18 is a schematic view of the wrapping element suction cups engaging the combined separating element and wrapping element on a carrier of the loader conveyor assembly;
FIG. 19 is a schematic diagram of a grouping apparatus arranged in a triangle;
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of the relative positions of the triangularly arranged grouping apparatus, the grouping and handling assembly, and the wrapping apparatus;
FIG. 21 is a first schematic view of the envelope folding assembly;
FIG. 22 is a second schematic view of the structure of the envelope folding assembly;
FIG. 23 is a schematic view of the packet handling assembly;
FIG. 24 is a schematic view of a packaging box to be wrapped after three component products are simultaneously placed in the packaging box after being output from the wrapping and folding assembly and glue is sprayed to the outer sides of the other two connecting edges of the wrapping piece;
FIG. 25 is a schematic view of the packet handling assembly of the present invention;
reference numerals: product 100, package 1, wrapper 11, bottom panel 111, connecting edge 1111, top panel 112, side panel 113, rectangular portion 1131, isosceles trapezoid portion 1132, separating member 12, separating panel 121, positioning hole 1211, supporting edge 122;
the device comprises a separator forming device 2, a separator storage assembly 21, a guide rod 211, a baffle 212, a separator suction transfer assembly 22, a separator sucker 221, a suction pipe port 2211, a limiting convex edge 2212, a linear guide rail 222, an object stage 223, a linear motor 224, a linear air cylinder 225, a separator bending assembly 23, an object carrying plate 231, a support plate 232, a limiting bottom plate 233, a suction pipe 234, a linear air cylinder 235, a separator folding plate 236 and a separator second translation lifting mechanism 24;
the wrapping piece forming device 3, a wrapping piece storage component 31, a bottom plate 311, a carrier 312, a lifting driver 313, a baffle 314, a wrapping piece sucking and transferring component 32, a wrapping piece sucker 321, a wrapping piece translation lifting mechanism 322, a wrapping piece bending component 33, a carrier template 331, a wrapping piece flanging plate 332, a flanging cylinder 333 and a first glue gun 334;
the grouping device 4, a conveying belt 41, an intermediate stop lever 42, a first screw 43, a second screw 44;
the grouping and carrying assembly 5, a fixed frame 51, a grouping sucker 52, a translation linear air cylinder 53 and a grouping sucker translation lifting mechanism 54;
the packaging device 6 comprises a loading conveying assembly 61, a conveying chain 611, a carrier 612, a limiting flange 6121, a turnover plate 613, a supporting rod 614, a second glue gun 62, a packaging flanging plate 63, a flanging plate lifting and translation mechanism 631, a limiting push plate 64, a limiting push plate translation cylinder 641, an extrusion plate 65, an extrusion plate lifting and translation mechanism 651, a guide rod 66, a first limiting rod 661, a second limiting rod 662, a packaging carrying assembly 67, a claw head base 671, a claw head sucker 672, a fixed claw 673, a movable claw 674, a vertical segment 6741, a limiting plate 675, a push plate 676 and a claw cylinder 677.
[ detailed description ] embodiments
The technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention are explained and illustrated below with reference to the drawings of the embodiments of the present invention, but the following embodiments are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the implementation, other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without any creative effort belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that features from the examples and embodiments described below may be combined with each other without conflict.
The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. Words such as "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "lateral," "longitudinal," and the like, which indicate orientation or positional relationships, are based only on the orientation or positional relationships shown in the drawings and are merely used for convenience in describing the invention and for simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices/elements must have a particular orientation or be constructed and operated in a particular orientation and therefore should not be construed as limiting the invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, "above" or "below" a first feature means that the first and second features are in direct contact, or that the first and second features are not in direct contact but are in contact with each other via another feature therebetween. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, a packing box 1 includes a wrapping member 11 and a partition member 12, the wrapping member 11 includes a bottom plate 111 and a top plate 112 of an equilateral triangle structure, and a side plate 113 connecting the three sides of the bottom plate and the top plate, the partition member 12 includes a partition plate 121 of an equilateral triangle and a supporting edge 122 extending outwards from the three sides of the partition plate and bending vertically downwards, three positioning holes 1211 arranged in a triangle are formed in the partition plate 121 for separating and positioning a product 100, the partition member 12 is disposed on the bottom plate 111, and the three supporting edges 122 are correspondingly supported on the three sides of the bottom plate. The corners of the bottom plate 111, the top plate 112, and the spacers 12 are rounded.
In this embodiment, the area of the top plate 112 is smaller than that of the bottom plate 111, and correspondingly, the side plate includes a rectangular portion 1131 and an isosceles trapezoid portion 1132. The bottom edge of the rectangular part is connected with the side edge of the bottom plate, the top edge of the rectangular part is connected with the lower bottom of the isosceles trapezoid part, the upper bottom of the isosceles trapezoid part is connected with the side edge of the top plate, the upper bottom of the isosceles trapezoid part is smaller than the side edge length of the top plate, and the bottom edge of the rectangular part is smaller than the side edge length of the bottom plate. Thus, the package box after packaging the articles has a sealed structure as shown in fig. 5, a gap is formed between two adjacent side plates, and the isosceles trapezoid part forms an inclined surface.
In order to reduce the cost and facilitate the manufacturing, the wrapping member 11 and the separating member 12 are each formed by folding a single piece of cardboard. Correspondingly, one of the side plates is integrally connected with the bottom plate and the top plate (for convenience of description, the side plate is hereinafter referred to as a first side plate, and the other two side plates are referred to as second side plates), and the second side plate is integrally connected with the top plate and bonded with the bottom plate. The outer sides of two side edges of the bottom plate which are bonded with the second side plates correspondingly are also provided with connecting edges 1111 which extend outwards and are bent upwards vertically, and the two connecting edges are bonded with the inner sides of the two corresponding second side plates; meanwhile, the two connecting edges are correspondingly adhered to the outer sides of the two supporting edges, and the other supporting edge is adhered to the inner side of the first side plate.
The wrapping member 11 and the partitioning member 12 described above are respectively molded to be formed into the shapes shown in fig. 1 and 2, respectively. And then may be assembled by automated equipment.
The forming of the separator 12 is performed by the separator forming device 2 shown in fig. 6 to 12, and mainly the bending forming of the three support sides 122 of the separator 12. The partitioning member 12 is connected to the wrapping member 11 by the wrapping member forming device 3 shown in fig. 13 to fig. 16 after being formed, and mainly three supporting edges 122 of the partitioning member 12 are adhered to two corresponding connecting edges 1111. Then, the overhanging part of the wrapping piece 11 except the bottom plate is bent by the envelope folding assembly shown in fig. 21 and 22, and the first side plate is bonded with the corresponding connecting edge, so as to form the state shown in fig. 3.
The products 100 are grouped by the grouping device 4 shown in fig. 19, arranged in a triangle, and then grouped and transported by the grouping and transporting assembly 5 shown in fig. 23 into the packaging box to be packaged in the state shown in fig. 3, so as to form the state shown in fig. 4. Finally, after glue is applied to the other two connecting edges, the wrapping and the handling are completed by the wrapping handling assembly 67 as shown in fig. 25, and the wrapping is the state shown in fig. 5.
As shown in fig. 6 to 12, the partitioning member forming apparatus 2 includes a partitioning member storage assembly 21, a partitioning member suction transfer assembly 22, a translation elevating mechanism 24, and a partitioning member bending assembly 23.
The separator storage assembly 21 is provided with a vertical separator storage space, the separator storage assembly comprises a bottom plate and a guide rod 211 vertically fixed on the bottom plate, the guide rod can form a vertical storage space according to the profile arrangement of the separator, and a separator outlet is formed in the bottom of the separator storage space. The edge of separator export is equipped with inside convex separation blade 212, and separation blade 212 sets up a plurality ofly along the edge of separator export, can be according to separator size adjustment separation blade quantity to the separation blade is less, and when separator sucking disc absorbed the separator like this, just can make it overcome the separation blade resistance, breaks away from the separator export.
The separator suction and transfer assembly 22 includes a separator suction cup 221 and a separator first translation and elevation mechanism that drives the separator suction cup to translate and elevate, and the separator suction cup is moved to the separator storage assembly 21 by the separator first translation and elevation mechanism to suck the separator 12, and the separator 12 is transferred to the position below the separator bending assembly 23.
Corresponding to the shape of the equilateral triangle of the separator, the separator suction cup 221 includes a suction cup holder of an equilateral triangle structure and three suction ports 2211 arranged on the suction cup holder in a triangular arrangement. And the corner of sucking disc seat is equipped with the arc portion, the top of arc portion is equipped with the convex part in sucking disc seat upper plane's curved spacing chimb 2212, and curved spacing chimb corresponds with the arc of 12 corners of separator.
The first translation and lifting mechanism of the separator comprises a linear motor 224, a linear guide rail 222, an objective table 223 mounted on the linear guide rail and a linear cylinder 225 mounted on the objective table, wherein the output end of the linear motor is connected with the objective table, the linear motor drives the objective table to do reciprocating linear motion along the linear guide rail, a piston rod of the linear cylinder is connected with a separator sucker, and the linear cylinder drives the separator sucker to do reciprocating linear motion in the vertical direction.
As shown in fig. 12, the separator bending assembly 23 includes an object carrying plate 231, a limiting bottom plate 233, a supporting plate 232 and a suction pipe 234 which are arranged in parallel from top to bottom, the limiting bottom plate is an equilateral triangle and the corners of the limiting bottom plate are fillets, the limiting bottom plate and the object carrying plate are fixed together through a connecting rod, a linear cylinder 235 is installed on the object carrying plate, a piston rod of the linear cylinder is connected with the supporting plate, the linear cylinder drives the supporting plate to perform reciprocating linear motion from top to bottom, a through hole is formed in the limiting bottom plate, the suction pipe is fixed on the object carrying plate, the lower end of the suction pipe penetrates through the through hole, three edges of the supporting plate are fixedly connected with a separator folding plate 236, and the three separator folding plates correspond to three supporting edges of the separator plate matched with the three edges of the limiting bottom plate to perform bending operation. The linear cylinder drives the supporting plate to do linear motion, and then the separating piece flanging plate can be made to do reciprocating motion on the edge of the limiting bottom plate, so that the separating piece flanging plate protrudes out of one side of the limiting bottom plate and one side of the separating piece flanging plate, which is far away from the limiting bottom plate, is formed.
Further, the middle positions of three side surfaces of the sucker seat and the limiting bottom plate are provided with limiting grooves which are communicated up and down, the limiting grooves are matched with the partition piece flanging plates, the partition piece flanging plates 236 are provided with two bending heads side by side, and the head ends of the bending heads are turned outwards. The separator bending component 23 is located above the sucker seat during working, the separator 12 is adsorbed on the bottom surface of the limiting bottom plate 233 through a suction pipe, the separator flanging plate 236 downwards extrudes the supporting edge 122 of the separator 12, the supporting edge is extruded to the limiting grooves on the side surfaces of the sucker seat and the limiting bottom plate, and finally the supporting edge is bent.
In operation, the cardboard-shaped dividers are stacked in the storage spaces of the divider storage assembly; the partition sucking and transferring assembly comprises a partition sucking disc, a partition storing assembly, a linear air cylinder, a partition sucking disc, a partition transferring assembly and a partition storing space, wherein the partition sucking disc on the partition sucking and transferring assembly moves to a partition outlet of the partition storing assembly, and the sucking disc extends into the partition storing space from the partition outlet after being lifted by the linear air cylinder until the sucking disc is in contact with the partition and sucks the partition; sucking away a piece of separator after the sucker descends; then the sucker moves horizontally to the lower part of the separating piece bending component, the separating piece bending component descends, and the tail end of the suction pipe sucks the separating piece. The separating member hemming plate descends, bending operation is carried out on the separating member, and finally the separating member hemming plate ascends.
Further, the partition bending assembly 23 is driven by a partition second translation and lifting mechanism 24 to realize translation and lifting. The second translation and lifting mechanism of the separating element comprises a lower moving plate connected with the object carrying plate, an upper moving plate arranged above the lower moving plate, a linear cylinder arranged on the upper moving plate and a synchronous belt connected with the upper moving plate, the translation of the bending component of the separating element is realized through the synchronous belt, and the lifting of the bending component of the separating element is realized through the linear cylinder.
The wrapping member 11 has been previously formed into the shape shown in fig. 1, and the partitioning member 12 formed by the partitioning member forming means 2 and the wrapping member 11 are joined together by the wrapping member forming means 3. As shown in fig. 13 to 18, the wrapping member forming device 3 includes a wrapping member storage unit 31, a wrapping member suction transfer unit 32, and a wrapping member bending unit 33.
As shown in fig. 14, the parcel storage assembly 31 comprises a bottom plate 311, a carrier 312 arranged above the bottom plate, a lifting driver 313 arranged below the bottom plate for driving the carrier to lift, and a baffle 314 vertically fixed on the bottom plate and moving upwards to pass through the carrier, wherein the carrier and the baffle cooperate to form a parcel storage space; the lifting driver comprises a guide rod, a screw rod and a servo motor, the guide rod is vertically installed on the bottom plate, a guide sleeve matched with the guide rod is arranged on the carrier, the screw rod is connected with a nut, the nut is connected with the carrier, and the servo motor drives the screw rod to rotate.
As shown in fig. 15, the wrapping member bending assembly 33 includes a carrying template 331 for placing the wrapping member and the separating member, the front portion of the carrying template is provided with oblique edges corresponding to two side edges of the bottom plate of the wrapping member, the outer side of the oblique edge is provided with a connecting edge 1111 for extruding the wrapping member when the wrapping member rises, so that the connecting edge is upwards and vertically bent, the wrapping member folding plate 332 is driven to rise and fall by a folding edge cylinder 333, and a first glue gun 334 for spraying glue on two supporting edges 122 of the separating member 12 is further provided.
As shown in fig. 13 and 15, the parcel sucking and transferring assembly 32 includes a parcel sucking disc 321 and a parcel translation and lifting mechanism 322 for driving the parcel sucking disc to translate and lift, and after the parcel sucking disc sucks the parcels stored in the parcel storage space, the parcels are transferred to the carrying template 331 through the parcel translation and lifting mechanism 322. The parcel translation elevating system includes the lower movable plate of being connected with the parcel sucking disc, locates the last movable plate of lower movable plate top, install in the sharp cylinder of last movable plate, the hold-in range of being connected with the last movable plate, realizes the translation of parcel sucking disc through the hold-in range, realizes the lift of parcel sucking disc through sharp cylinder.
In order to conveniently suck the wrapping piece, the wrapping piece sucking disc 321 comprises a sucking disc bottom plate, the front half part of the sucking disc bottom plate is in an isosceles trapezoid shape, the rear half part of the sucking disc bottom plate is in a rectangular shape, and the rear half part of the sucking disc bottom plate is connected with a lower moving plate of the wrapping piece translation lifting mechanism through a connecting rod. After the wrapping piece sucking disc 321 sucks the wrapping piece, the two isosceles trapezoid waists of the front half part are positioned on the inner sides of the two side edges of the bottom plate of the wrapping piece, and the corresponding connecting edges are not affected to be bent upwards. Corresponding, the first half that carries the thing template is isosceles trapezoid, the latter half is the rectangle, and the head end upside of first half is equipped with the location chimb that advances line location to the parcel, and parcel sucking disc 321 absorbs the parcel and advances line location back by the location chimb, and two sides correspond with two anterior hypotenuses that carry the thing template basically on the parcel bottom plate.
The wrapping piece flanging plate is in a low station in an initial state. In use, the wrapping member suction cup 321 first sucks the wrapping member 11 and places it on the loading template 331, and then the partitioning member bending assembly 23 claws the partitioning member 12 shown in fig. 17 and places it on the upper portion of the wrapping member 11. When the separator was placed on the parcel, parcel sucking disc 321 did not break away from the parcel, and separator bending assembly 23 did not break away from the separator, and the separator bottom received the support of parcel sucking disc, and parcel and separator are all fixed motionless, and then, first gluey rifle 334 spouts the glue to two support limits 122 of separator, and the parcel hem board of parcel bending assembly 33 rises, makes the connection limit 1111 of parcel and the support limit 122 bonding of separator. Then, the wrapping member folding plate of the wrapping member folding assembly 33 is lowered, and then the wrapping member folding plate of the partitioning member folding assembly 23 is lowered, and is raised after pressing the two connection portions.
Then, as shown in fig. 18, the wrapping member suction cup 321 of the wrapping member suction transfer assembly brings the partition member and the wrapping member, which have been bonded together, to be placed on the carrier 612 carried by the loading conveyor assembly 61.
The products normally transported on the conveyor belt are arranged linearly, so that the products packed in a triangular arrangement need to be grouped.
As shown in fig. 19, a grouping device 4 with triangular arrangement comprises a conveyor belt 41, a first screw 43 and a second screw 44 which are arranged at two sides of a conveying plane of the conveyor belt side by side, and an intermediate stop lever 42 arranged at a middle position above the conveying plane of the conveyor belt, wherein the screw pitch of the first screw is larger than that of the second screw, the first screw is driven by a first motor, and the second screw is driven by a second motor. The conveyer belt obtains the state of expansion and drive power with the usual mode, and after two lines of products were come to the conveyer belt, the product can be further separated the range under the guide of screw rod, because the pitch of first screw rod is greater than the pitch of second screw rod, the first line product range that corresponds to first screw rod is slightly open, should the second line product range of second screw rod separate more, and final product can be arranged into a set of one, and every group has three and is the state of triangle-shaped arrangement.
Two door-shaped supports are arranged side by side along the extension direction of the conveying belt, and two end parts of the middle stop lever are fixed on a cross beam of the door-shaped supports through connecting pieces.
Then, each group of triangularly arranged products needs to be put into a packaging box in an intermediate state formed by the wrapping piece forming device in groups, and then the packaging device 6 can be finally packaged.
As shown in fig. 22, the packing device 6 includes a loading conveyor assembly 61, and the loading conveyor assembly 61 includes two conveyor chains 611 arranged side by side and a carrier 612 mounted on the two conveyor chains. As shown in fig. 18, the carrier 612 includes a carrier plate and a triangular carrier space disposed on the carrier plate, the triangular carrier space has a limiting rib 6121 at three corners, and the limiting rib 6121 is arc-shaped and corresponds to a fillet of the three corners of the bottom plate of the parcel. The carrier 612 is further provided with a limiting pin for limiting the position of an included angle formed by the first side plate and the bottom plate on the wrapping piece.
Three products of each group of products are placed together into the locating holes of the divider by the group handling assembly 5. As shown in fig. 20, the group carrying assembly 5 comprises a fixed frame 51, three-piece group suction cups 52 arranged at the bottom of the fixed frame and arranged in a triangle, and a group suction cup translation and lifting mechanism 54 for moving the fixed frame to translate and lift. Two of the three suction cups are fixedly mounted on the fixed frame 51, and the other suction cup is driven by the translational linear air cylinder 53 to horizontally slide on the fixed frame. The translation lifting mechanism comprises a fixed support, a translation lifting support arranged below the fixed support, a lifting cylinder arranged on the fixed support and used for driving the translation lifting support to lift, a synchronous belt driving the fixed support and driving the translation lifting support to transversely translate, and a lead screw nut assembly arranged on the translation lifting support, wherein the fixed support is driven by the lead screw nut assembly to longitudinally translate the fixed frame.
In the initial state, the linear cylinder contracts to enable one grouped suction cup 52 to be far away from the other two grouped suction cups, and the three are arranged in a triangle with two equal sides. Fixed frame 51 installs on grouping sucking disc translation elevating system 54, and during operation, grouping sucking disc arrange grouping device department in earlier, and every group grouping sucking disc rises after absorbing three products, and translation straight line cylinder 53 stretches out simultaneously, impels original three to arrange not equidistant product, arrange and be the same situation of interval. The three products are then placed into the positioning holes 1211 of the divider of the package in an expanded state on the carrier.
As shown in fig. 20 to 25, the wrapping apparatus 6 includes the loading conveyor 61, a wrapping edge folding assembly and a wrapping handling assembly 67.
The movement mode of the loading and conveying assembly 61 is always step movement, for example, four carriers advance at a time, so that after stepping by one station, the packaging and folding assembly can simultaneously perform packaging and folding operation on the packaging boxes to be packaged on the four carriers.
As shown in fig. 18, the preliminarily coupled wrapping members and the partitioning member are put into the carrier 612 by the above-mentioned wrapping member suction transfer assembly 32, and the wrapping members are protruded outwardly from the triangular carrying space except for the bottom plate portion to which the partitioning member has been coupled, hereinafter referred to as a wrapping member overhanging portion.
Before the wrapping piece is subjected to package flanging, glue needs to be sprayed on the outer side of one supporting edge (specifically, the supporting edge corresponding to the first side plate for connection) of the separating piece, so that the side plate can be adhered to the outer side of the supporting edge when the package flanging is performed. As shown in fig. 21, a second glue gun 62 for spraying glue to the outside of the supporting edge of the partition adhered to the inside of the first side plate is provided above the inlet side of the envelope folding assembly, and is mounted on the frame of the loading and conveying assembly.
As shown in fig. 21 and 22, the packet flanging assembly comprises a packet flanging plate 63 which is arranged above the loading and conveying assembly and can be lifted and translated, a limiting push plate 64 which is arranged on the first side of the loading and conveying assembly and can be translated, and a squeezing plate 65 which is arranged above the loading and conveying assembly and can be lifted and translated, wherein the first side plate is pressed and bent downwards through the packet flanging plate 63, and the corresponding supporting edges on the first side plate and the partition piece on the wrapping piece are clamped together through the matching of the limiting push plate 64 and the squeezing plate 65.
The package hemming plate 63 is driven by the hemming plate elevation and translation mechanism 631, the limit push plate 64 is driven by the limit push plate translation cylinder 641, and the extrusion plate 65 is driven by the extrusion plate elevation and translation mechanism 651.
Specifically, the package hem subassembly is still including setting up two first longmen supports side by side, the package hem board is installed on the lifing beam, the lifing beam is connected with first lift cylinder, and sliding connection has the deflector on the crossbeam of first longmen support to be fixed with first horizontal cylinder on the crossbeam of first longmen support, the deflector is connected to first horizontal cylinder's piston rod, first lift cylinder is connected with the deflector, hem board lift translation mechanism 631 is constituteed to above-mentioned structure. The extrusion plate is arranged on a horizontal beam, the horizontal beam is connected with a second horizontal cylinder, the second horizontal cylinder is connected with a second lifting cylinder, the second lifting cylinder is arranged on a cross beam of the first gantry support, and the extrusion plate lifting translation mechanism 651 is formed by the structure. Be equipped with the second longmen support between two first longmen supports, install spacing push pedal translation cylinder 641 on the stand of second longmen support, the piston rod and the spacing push pedal of spacing push pedal translation cylinder 641 are connected, and guide arm is still connected to spacing push pedal, installs the guide pin bushing with guide arm complex on the stand of first longmen support.
Further, as shown in fig. 22, the package flanging assembly further includes a guiding rod 66 disposed at the second side of the loading and conveying assembly, the guiding rod is provided with a guiding head bent in an arc shape at one side of the inlet of the package flanging assembly, the protruding portion of the package piece is guided to be turned inwards by the guiding head of the guiding rod, and the protruding portion of the package piece is kept in a turned state by the guiding rod in the package flanging process.
Therefore, the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is changed into a vertical state under the guiding action of the guiding rod, the first side plate is located in the operation area of the packet flanging plate, the limiting push plate and the extrusion plate, and glue is sprayed on the outer side of the rest supporting edge of the separating piece through a glue gun.
The package hem board can go up and down and the translation, and it is at first descending, the first curb plate of package hem board bending, and the translation follows this, and the first curb plate of package hem board extrusion orders about first curb plate and bottom plate to be ninety degrees and buckles, resumes initial condition afterwards. Next, the limiting push plate moves in a translation mode from one side of the conveying path until the first side plate of the wrapping piece is pushed to move towards the position of the supporting edge of the separating piece; the stripper plate can go up and down and translate, and it descends at first, and the stripper plate stretches into in the locating hole of separator, and the translation follows, and the stripper plate moves towards the support limit position of separator, and finally, the first curb plate of parcel piece and the support limit of separator are by the centre gripping together, and both are in the same place until the bonding together.
Further, the loading and conveying assembly is rotatably connected with a turnover plate 613 on the first side of the inlet side of the package edge folding assembly, the turnover plate is driven by a turnover cylinder to realize turnover, before a package box to be packaged is placed into the carrier, the turnover plate is turned outwards and avoids the space above the carrier, and after the package box to be packaged is placed into the carrier, the turnover plate is turned inwards to be in a horizontal state, so that the package box to be packaged on the carrier is limited.
Because the outward extending part length of the wrapping piece is long, the conveying on the loading and conveying assembly is not stable enough, except for limiting through the turning plate 613, the loading and conveying assembly is provided with a support rod 614 which extends along the conveying direction and supports the outward extending part of the wrapping piece on the outer side of the second side of the inlet side of the packet flanging assembly, so that the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is not turned over downwards in the conveying process.
Further, the package flanging assembly further comprises a first limiting rod 661, which is arranged on the first side of the loading and conveying assembly corresponding to the area where the package flanging assembly is located, and is used for limiting above the separating piece. In the working process of the envelope folding assembly, the first limiting rod 661 limits the separating element 12 and the bottom plate of the wrapping element 11 below the separating element, so that the extending part of the wrapping element can keep the separating element 12 and the bottom plate of the wrapping element 11 below the separating element fixed when the extending part is bent upwards.
After the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is bent and bonded by the wrapping and folding assembly, glue needs to be kept for a period of time to fully exert the function, and therefore the second limiting rod 662 for keeping the folding state of the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is arranged on the second side of the outlet side of the wrapping and folding assembly of the loading and conveying assembly.
After the operation of the envelope folding assembly is completed, the loading conveying assembly continues to step to the next station, and therefore, the station is positioned at the outlet side of the envelope folding assembly by the loading conveying assembly. As shown in fig. 24, a second glue gun 62 is provided at this station to spray glue onto the outside of the other two connecting edges of the wrapper. And at this station, three products of each group are placed together into the locating holes of the dividers by the group handling assembly 5. As shown in fig. 20, the grouping device 4 is provided on the side of the loading conveyor assembly 61, the grouping conveyor assembly 5 is located above the loading conveyor assembly 61, and three products of each group of products after the grouping device 4 is grouped by the grouping conveyor assembly 5 are placed into the positioning holes of the partitioning member together.
And finally, completing the packaging and the conveying through the packaging and conveying assembly, namely, downwards packaging the outward extending part of the packaging piece on the product, bonding the two second side plates of the packaging piece with the two corresponding connecting edges, and conveying after bonding.
As shown in fig. 25, the package carrier assembly 67 includes a gripper head mechanism and a gripper head translation and lifting mechanism for driving the gripper head mechanism to translate and lift, the gripper head mechanism includes a gripper head base 671, a gripper head suction cup 672 mounted on the gripper head base, two movable gripper arms 674, and a fixed gripper arm 673, and a gripper arm cylinder 677 is disposed above the gripper head base.
In addition, the jaw head base is provided with a push plate 676 acting on the upper side of the overhanging portion of the wrapping member in the area between the two movable jaws. Wherein, the trapezoidal face of the overhanging position of package spare is acted on in the head end bottom cross-section of push pedal 676, and fixed claw is cooperated with first curb plate on the package spare, through the flexible swing of driving movable claw of claw hand cylinder, two movable claws correspond and wrap up and go up two other second curb plates cooperation, make two second curb plate edges pass through the glue bonding with the connection limit that corresponds fixed.
In order to limit the range of motion of the movable gripper and avoid damage to the packaging box and the products inside, a limiting plate 675 for limiting the position of the movable gripper is arranged on the edge of the gripper head base corresponding to the inner side of the movable gripper. It will be appreciated that a limit plate 675 may also be provided inboard of the fixed jaw. The limiting plate basically covers the isosceles trapezoid part of the upper side plate of the wrapping piece, the isosceles trapezoid part is an inclined plane after the wrapping is completed, and therefore the limiting plate is an inclined plate which inclines downwards and the inner side wall of the limiting plate is matched with the isosceles trapezoid part of the side plate of the wrapping piece. The two movable claws 674 and the fixed claw 673 extrude the rectangular parts of the side plates, the movable claws are provided with vertical sections 6741 which are in a vertical state after being limited by the limiting plates and are matched with the rectangular parts of the side plates of the wrapping piece, so that the rectangular parts are formed in a three-dimensional mode, the bottom edges of the side plates are tightly attached to the corresponding connecting edges, and finally the side plates are fixed through glue adhesion. Therefore, the part of the fixed claw below the limit plate is also in a vertical state.
After glue is sprayed to the outer sides of the other two connecting edges of the wrapping piece, the package carrying assembly 67 intervenes in operation. Firstly, the claw head mechanism translates, the push plate 676 directly pushes down the extending part of the wrapping piece, the extending part of the wrapping piece covers the product, and then the claw head mechanism descends until the claw head base 671 presses the extending part of the wrapping piece on the product; then the movable claw is put down, the outward extending part of the wrapping piece is further bent until the two side plates of the wrapping piece are correspondingly connected with the two connecting edges of the wrapping piece, which are sprayed with glue. Finally, the movable claw 674, the fixed claw 673 and the claw head sucker 672 are clamped together to be connected with the whole packing box, and the packed packing box is finally conveyed to the conveying belt.
It will be appreciated that all of the above-described features for translation and elevation may be replaced in other conventional ways.
It will be appreciated that the products described above may be yoghurt cups, tetra-bricks or other types of products.
While the foregoing is directed to embodiments of the present invention, the scope of the invention should not be limited thereby, and it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the invention includes, but is not limited to, those illustrated in the drawings and described in the foregoing detailed description. Any modification which does not depart from the functional and structural principles of the invention is intended to be included within the scope of the claims.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a grouping device of triangle-shaped range which characterized in that includes the conveyer belt, locates first screw rod and second screw rod of conveyer belt conveying plane both sides side by side, locates the middle pin of conveyer belt conveying plane top intermediate position, and wherein the pitch of first screw rod is greater than the pitch of second screw rod, and first screw rod is by first motor drive, and the second screw rod is by second motor drive.
2. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein two gate brackets are provided side by side in the extending direction of the conveyor belt, and both ends of the intermediate bar are fixed to the cross members of the gate brackets by means of connecting members.
3. The grouping device of claim 1, further comprising a grouping and carrying assembly for carrying the grouped products, wherein the grouping and carrying assembly comprises a fixed frame, three grouping suckers arranged on the fixed frame in a triangular manner, and a grouping sucker translation and lifting mechanism for driving the fixed frame to translate and lift.
4. A triangularly arranged grouping means according to claim 3 wherein two of the three grouping suction cups are fixedly mounted on the fixed frame and the other suction cup is driven by the linear cylinder to slide horizontally on the fixed frame.
5. The grouping device of claim 3, wherein the grouping sucker translational lifting mechanism comprises a fixed bracket, a translational lifting bracket disposed below the fixed bracket, a lifting cylinder disposed on the fixed bracket for driving the translational lifting bracket to lift, a synchronous belt for driving the fixed bracket and driving the translational lifting bracket to translate transversely, and a lead screw nut assembly disposed on the translational lifting bracket, wherein the lead screw nut assembly drives the fixed frame to translate longitudinally.
CN202210319237.0A 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 Grouping device with triangular arrangement Pending CN114537765A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210319237.0A CN114537765A (en) 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 Grouping device with triangular arrangement

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210319237.0A CN114537765A (en) 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 Grouping device with triangular arrangement

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN114537765A true CN114537765A (en) 2022-05-27

Family

ID=81666342

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202210319237.0A Pending CN114537765A (en) 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 Grouping device with triangular arrangement

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN114537765A (en)

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