CN217217556U - Plant cultivation device with long control function during illumination - Google Patents

Plant cultivation device with long control function during illumination Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217217556U
CN217217556U CN202221237393.4U CN202221237393U CN217217556U CN 217217556 U CN217217556 U CN 217217556U CN 202221237393 U CN202221237393 U CN 202221237393U CN 217217556 U CN217217556 U CN 217217556U
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China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
plate
control function
plant cultivation
cultivation
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202221237393.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张沁
吴于翔
郑德伟
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Taizhou University
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Taizhou University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a plant cultivation device with long control function when illumination belongs to plant cultivation technical field, a plant cultivation device with long control function when illumination, including bottom plate, the cultivation case of fixed connection on the bottom plate, still include: the first straight device is fixedly connected to the bottom plate, the output end of the first straight device is fixedly connected with a top plate, and the top plate is positioned at the top of the cultivation box; the rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the top plate, the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a light screen and a third gear, the side wall of the top plate is fixedly connected with a second rectilinear motion device, and the output end of the second rectilinear motion device is fixedly connected with a toothed plate; through the straight device of second, drive the pinion rack and remove, and then the angle that opens and shuts of adjustment light screen, different time quantum, to the nimble adjustment of the angle that opens and shuts of light screen, long and intensity when control light shines, ensure to be in young plant's best growing environment.

Description

Plant cultivation device with long control function during illumination
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a plant cultivation technical field especially relates to a plant cultivation device with long control function when illumination.
Background
Along with the continuous development of the times, people pay more and more attention to the field of civilian life, the agriculture receives more and more attention, and in the agriculture, the planting industry is its important component again, at present, when the plant is young, need unify the cultivation to guarantee the survival rate, when carrying out open-air cultivation to the plant, often need use cultivation device cooperation to use, reached the purpose that provides better growing environment to the plant seedling, improve the growth efficiency of plant, so, in plant cultivation, its cultivation device has been widely used.
But on the existing market, current cultivation device when using, can't control the plant illumination time, leads to the plant when long-time illumination, and especially summer weather is comparatively hot, and when light was comparatively strong, the plant caused the wilt easily, has seriously influenced the survival rate of plant.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the prior art, can't control the scheduling problem to plant illumination time, and the plant cultivation device of long control function when providing a have illumination.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a plant cultivation device with long control function in illumination, includes bottom plate, fixed connection cultivation case on the bottom plate, still includes: the first straight device is fixedly connected to the bottom plate, the output end of the first straight device is fixedly connected with a top plate, and the top plate is positioned at the top of the cultivation box; the rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the top plate, the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a light screen and a third gear, the side wall of the top plate is fixedly connected with a second rectilinear motion device, and the output end of the second rectilinear motion device is fixedly connected with a toothed plate; the third gear is meshed with the toothed plate; the supporting plate is fixedly connected to the side wall of the top plate, and the toothed plate is connected in the supporting plate in a sliding mode.
In order to realize flexible rotation of the light shielding plate according to the light irradiation angle, it is preferable that the light shielding plate further comprises: the top of the supporting rod is rotatably connected with a ring body, and the cultivation box is positioned in the ring body; the gear ring comprises a motor fixedly connected to a bottom plate and a first gear fixedly connected to the side wall of a circular ring body, wherein the output end of the motor is fixedly connected with a second gear, and the second gear is meshed with the first gear; the first straight device is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the circular ring body.
In order to adapt to the growth height of plants, preferably, the upper surface of the circular ring body is detachably connected with a supporting frame, and the first straight device is connected to the top of the supporting frame.
In order to realize automatically watering the cultivation box, preferably, the cultivation box further comprises: a liquid storage tank and a water pump which are fixedly connected with the bottom plate, and a spray head connected with the inner wall of the cultivation box; a first pipeline is connected between the input end of the water pump and the liquid storage tank, and a second pipeline is connected between the output end of the water pump and the spray head.
In order to realize synchronous cleaning of the shading plate while adding water, the cleaning device preferably further comprises an inclined plate fixedly connected to the top of the liquid storage tank, and the spray head is fixedly connected to the inclined plate; the spray head sprays to the side wall of the shading plate.
Preferably, the cultivation box further comprises a supporting column fixedly connected to the bottom plate, and the cultivation box is fixedly connected to the supporting column.
Preferably, the bottom of the cultivation box is provided with a water outlet hole.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a plant cultivation device with long control function when illumination possesses following beneficial effect:
1. this plant cultivation device with long control function of illumination through the straight device of second, drives the pinion rack and removes, and then adjusts the angle that opens and shuts of light screen, and different time quantum is to the nimble adjustment of the angle that opens and shuts of light screen, and long and intensity are shone to control light, ensure that young plant is in the best growing environment.
2. This plant cultivation device with control function during illumination, according to the time quantum of difference, the angle of illumination of light is different, when the horizontal angle of light screen needs to be adjusted, starter motor through second gear and first gear, drives the tourus and rotates on the bracing piece, and then realizes the regulation to light screen horizontal angle through first craspedodrome device.
3. This plant cultivation device with long control function of duration of illumination, shower nozzle blowout water has not only realized automatic watering, and, what spout is that the water column that has certain water pressure spouts to the light screen, washes the light screen, gets rid of its surface dust, realizes abluent purpose in step.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a plant cultivation device with illumination duration control function according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a plant cultivation device nozzle with illumination duration control function provided by the present invention;
fig. 3 is the utility model provides a plant cultivation device pinion rack's structure schematic diagram with long control function when illumination.
In the figure: 1. a base plate; 101. a cultivation box; 102. a support pillar; 103. a water outlet hole; 2. a support bar; 201. a torus; 202. a first gear; 203. a motor; 204. a second gear; 3. a support frame; 301. a first straight device; 302. a top plate; 4. a rotating shaft; 401. a visor; 5. a third gear; 501. a toothed plate; 502. a support plate; 503. a second straight device; 6. a liquid storage tank; 601. a water pump; 602. a first conduit; 603. a second pipe; 604. an inclined plate; 605. and (4) a spray head.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Example 1:
referring to fig. 1-3, a plant cultivation device with a function of controlling illumination duration, comprising a bottom plate 1 and a cultivation box 101 fixedly connected to the bottom plate 1, wherein soil is added in the cultivation box 101, and plants are cultivated in the cultivation box 101, further comprising: the first straight device 301 is fixedly connected to the bottom plate 1, the output end of the first straight device 301 is fixedly connected with a top plate 302, and the top plate 302 is positioned at the top of the cultivation box 101, namely, right above the cultivation box 101.
The number of the first straight devices 301 is 4, and the output ends of the first straight devices are fixedly connected with the lower bottom surface of the top plate 302.
The rotating shafts 4 are rotatably connected to the top plate 302, the number of the rotating shafts 4 is 2-5 groups, each group of rotating shafts 4 is fixedly connected with a light shielding plate 401 and a third gear 5, the side wall of the top plate 302 is fixedly connected with a second straight device 503, the output end of the second straight device 503 is fixedly connected with a toothed plate 501, and all the third gears 5 are meshed with the toothed plate 501.
As shown in fig. 3, a hollow groove is formed in the middle of the top plate 302, and the light shielding plate 401 is located in the hollow groove.
A support plate 502 fixedly attached to the sidewall of the top plate 302, and the toothed plate 501 is slidably attached within the support plate 502, i.e., the toothed plate 501 extends through the support plate 502.
In the initial state, the light shielding plate 401 is in a horizontal state, i.e., completely blocks the empty slot in the middle of the top plate 302.
When using, start second craspedodrome device 503, drive pinion rack 501 and remove, and then drive pivot 4 through third gear 5 and rotate, and then adjust the angle that opens and shuts of light screen 401 to and different time quantums, the nimble adjustment of the angle that opens and shuts of light screen 401, long and intensity are shone to control light, ensure that the light shines the environment, are the best growing environment at young plant.
In summer, hot, when light is strong, if need reduce light irradiation intensity and time, through the angle that opens and shuts of the straight device 503 control light screen 401 of second, reduce the angle that opens and shuts, pass through light screen 401 with most of light and shelter from, avoid sunshine to penetrate directly for a long time, and then controlled light irradiation's intensity and time.
The duration of light irradiation does not completely seal the plant, so that the light cannot be completely irradiated, because the plant also needs to carry out photosynthesis through the light, the duration of light irradiation here refers to the duration of controlling the irradiation intensity of sunlight, and plant seedlings are prevented from being exposed to the sun for a long time, so that the survival rate is influenced.
According to the height of growing of young plant, start first craspedodrome device 301, adjust its light screen 401 height in a flexible way, make between its and the light irradiation angle, reach a reasonable height, also avoid interfering with young plant mutually, because young plant period, it is very fast to grow, and the interval time just needs according to the seedling height, adjusts the height of light screen 401.
The first straight device 301 and the second straight device 503 may be air cylinders, hydraulic cylinders, or electric telescopic rods.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, in order to flexibly adjust the horizontal rotation angle of the light shielding plate 401 according to the irradiation angle of the light, the overall technical solution is further optimized.
Because the angle of light illuminating the plant is gradually changed during the day, morning, noon and afternoon.
Further comprising: the supporting rods 2 are fixedly connected to the bottom plate 1, the number of the supporting rods 2 is 6-20, the tops of the supporting rods 2 are rotatably connected with the ring body 201, the ring body 201 rotates at the tops of all the supporting rods 2, the cultivation box 101 is located in the ring body 201, as shown in fig. 2, the middle of the ring body 201 is hollow, the cultivation box 101 is just located in the hollow and is located in the center, a certain gap exists between the cultivation box 101 and the axis collineation of the ring body 201, namely, when the ring body 201 rotates, the interference with the cultivation box 101 cannot occur.
The motor 203 is fixedly connected to the bottom plate 1, the first gear 202 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the circular ring body 201, the output end of the motor 203 is fixedly connected with the second gear 204, and the second gear 204 is meshed with the first gear 202.
The first rectilinear element 301 is fixedly attached to the upper surface of the torus 201.
In one day, according to different time quantum, the irradiation angle of light is different, when the horizontal angle of light screen 401 needs to be adjusted, starter motor 203 through second gear 204 and first gear 202, drives torus 201 and rotates on bracing piece 2, and then realizes the regulation to light screen 401 horizontal angle through first craspedodrome device 301.
As shown in figures 1 and 2, the overall technical scheme is further optimized in order to adapt to the rapid growth of the plant seedlings.
The upper surface of the torus 201 is detachably connected with a support frame 3, and the first straight device 301 is connected to the top of the support frame 3.
The first rectilinear means 301 are also removably attached to the top of the support frame 3.
Support frame 3 bottom can be equipped with the screw thread, and the tourus 201 upper surface is provided with the thread groove, threaded connection between the two, and support frame 3 also can be fixed with the mount pad in the bottom, through mount pad bolted connection on tourus 201.
The first rectilinear element 301 may also be attached to the torus 201 by bolts.
Because the plant seedling period, it is very fast to grow, and the interval time just needs in time to adjust the height of light screen 401 according to the seedling height, and at this moment, if the output of first craspedodrome device 301, when stretching out the longest, still unable adaptation plant seedling height still, at this moment, can change the longer support frame 3 of length, adapt to the seedling height in a flexible way.
Example 2:
referring to fig. 1 to 3, basically the same as embodiment 1, a technical solution of automatically adding water to a cultivation box 101 is added on the basis of embodiment 1.
Further comprising: the liquid storage tank 6 and the water pump 601 are fixedly connected to the bottom plate 1, water is filled in the liquid storage tank 6, the spray head 605 is connected to the inner wall of the cultivation box 101, a first pipeline 602 is connected between the input end of the water pump 601 and the liquid storage tank 6, and a second pipeline 603 is connected between the output end of the water pump 601 and the spray head 605.
When automatic water adding is needed, the water pump 601 is started, water in the liquid storage tank 6 is conveyed into the spray head 605 through the first pipeline 602 and the second pipeline 603, then the water is sprayed out to the cultivation box 101, and automatic water adding is achieved.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, in order to realize the automatic watering process of the cultivation box 101, the shading plate 401 is cleaned, and the whole technical scheme is further optimized.
The cultivation box also comprises an inclined plate 604 fixedly connected to the top of the liquid storage box 6, and spray heads 605 are fixedly connected to the inclined plate 604, as shown in fig. 2, the number of the inclined plate 604 and the number of the spray heads 605 are 5-20, the spray heads 605 are circumferentially distributed on the outer wall of the top of the cultivation box 101, and the spray heads 605 spray towards the side wall of the shading plate 401.
When the nozzle 605 sprays water, the water column with certain water pressure is sprayed to the shading plate 401, at this time, the second straight-moving device 503 can be started again to drive the shading plate 401 to rotate in a reciprocating mode, the water column with water pressure sprayed by the nozzle 605 washes the shading plate 401 to remove dust on the surface of the shading plate, and then the water column falls into the cultivation box 101 after contacting the shading plate 401.
As shown in fig. 1, the cultivation box further comprises support columns 102 fixedly connected to the bottom plate 1, the number of the support columns 102 is 3-5, and the cultivation boxes 101 are fixedly connected to the support columns 102.
Cultivation case 101 bottom is decurrent conical shape, through support column 102, fixed cultivation case 101 that can be better, promote stability.
Cultivation case 101 bottom is equipped with apopore 103, and when raining or other can be under the state, when the moisture in cultivation case 101 is too much, through apopore 103 automatic discharge, prevent the mashed root of plant or die, guarantee the survival rate.
The above, only be the concrete implementation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art is in the technical scope of the present invention, according to the technical solution of the present invention and the utility model, the concept of which is equivalent to replace or change, should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a plant cultivation device with long control function in illumination, includes bottom plate (1), cultivation case (101) of fixed connection on bottom plate (1), its characterized in that still includes:
the first straight-moving device (301) is fixedly connected to the bottom plate (1), the output end of the first straight-moving device (301) is fixedly connected with a top plate (302), and the top plate (302) is located at the top of the cultivation box (101);
the rotating shaft (4) is rotatably connected to the top plate (302), the rotating shaft (4) is fixedly connected with a light shielding plate (401) and a third gear (5), the side wall of the top plate (302) is fixedly connected with a second straight device (503), and the output end of the second straight device (503) is fixedly connected with a toothed plate (501);
the third gear (5) is in meshed connection with the toothed plate (501);
and the supporting plate (502) is fixedly connected to the side wall of the top plate (302), and the toothed plate (501) is slidably connected in the supporting plate (502).
2. The plant cultivation apparatus with illumination time period control function according to claim 1, further comprising:
the supporting rod (2) is fixedly connected to the bottom plate (1), the top of the supporting rod (2) is rotatably connected with a circular ring body (201), and the cultivation box (101) is located in the circular ring body (201);
the motor (203) is fixedly connected to the bottom plate (1), the first gear (202) is fixedly connected to the side wall of the ring body (201), the output end of the motor (203) is fixedly connected with the second gear (204), and the second gear (204) is meshed with the first gear (202);
the first straight-line device (301) is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the circular ring body (201).
3. The plant cultivation device with the illumination time length control function as claimed in claim 2, wherein a support frame (3) is detachably connected to the upper surface of the circular ring body (201), and the first straight device (301) is detachably connected to the top of the support frame (3).
4. A plant cultivation apparatus with illumination duration control function according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising:
a liquid storage tank (6) and a water pump (601) which are fixedly connected with the bottom plate (1), and a spray head (605) which is connected with the inner wall of the cultivation box (101);
a first pipeline (602) is connected between the input end of the water pump (601) and the liquid storage tank (6), and a second pipeline (603) is connected between the output end of the water pump (601) and the spray head (605).
5. The plant cultivation device with the illumination time length control function as claimed in claim 4, further comprising an inclined plate (604) fixedly connected to the top of the liquid storage tank (6), wherein the spray head (605) is fixedly connected to the inclined plate (604);
the spray head (605) sprays to the side wall of the shading plate (401).
6. A plant cultivation apparatus with illumination duration control function as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a support column (102) fixedly connected to the bottom plate (1), wherein the cultivation box (101) is fixedly connected to the support column (102).
7. A plant cultivation device with illumination duration control function as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the bottom of the cultivation box (101) is provided with water outlet holes (103).
CN202221237393.4U 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 Plant cultivation device with long control function during illumination Expired - Fee Related CN217217556U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221237393.4U CN217217556U (en) 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 Plant cultivation device with long control function during illumination

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202221237393.4U CN217217556U (en) 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 Plant cultivation device with long control function during illumination

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN217217556U true CN217217556U (en) 2022-08-19

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ID=82823511

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202221237393.4U Expired - Fee Related CN217217556U (en) 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 Plant cultivation device with long control function during illumination

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN217217556U (en)

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Granted publication date: 20220819