CN216945190U - Automatic change equipment - Google Patents

Automatic change equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216945190U
CN216945190U CN202220496063.0U CN202220496063U CN216945190U CN 216945190 U CN216945190 U CN 216945190U CN 202220496063 U CN202220496063 U CN 202220496063U CN 216945190 U CN216945190 U CN 216945190U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
station
tray
conveying
conveying device
tooling
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Active
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CN202220496063.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
袁春立
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Jiangsu Chuanglian Technology Co ltd
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Jiangsu Chuanglian Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202220496063.0U priority Critical patent/CN216945190U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of automation equipment, and discloses automation assembly equipment, which comprises: the equipment cabinet and the first conveying device are used for conveying the tooling plate along the X direction; the second conveying device is used for conveying the tool cover plate along the X direction; the two cover plate taking and placing mechanisms are distributed along the X direction, the cover plate taking and placing mechanism at the upstream is used for placing the tooling cover plate on the tooling plate, and the cover plate taking and placing mechanism at the downstream is used for conveying the tooling cover plate on the tooling plate to the second conveying device; the mould feeding module is used for feeding the mould onto the tooling plate; the switch mounting module is used for loading the switch and enabling the switch to penetrate through the limiting hole in the tool cover plate and be installed in the die; and the sorting and blanking module is positioned at the downstream of the switch installation module in the X direction and is used for grabbing assembly blanking of the installed die and the switch. Automatic equipment has realized the automatic installation of switch and mould, improves work efficiency, guarantees the installation quality, improves the installation accuracy.

Description

Automatic change equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of automation equipment, in particular to automation assembly equipment.
Background
In the production assembling process of switch panel, need install the switch to the preset position of mould in, by artifical manual with the switch mounting on the mould usually, work efficiency is low, the installation quality can't be guaranteed.
At present, some manufacturers adopt automatic equipment to assemble switch panels, but the alignment precision of a switch and a die is poor, and the situation of not-in-place installation is easy to occur.
Therefore, an automatic assembling apparatus is needed to solve the above technical problems.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Based on the above, the utility model aims to provide the automatic assembling equipment, which realizes the automatic installation of the switch and the die, improves the working efficiency, ensures the installation quality and improves the installation precision.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an automatic change equipment, includes the rack and locates on the rack:
the first conveying device is used for conveying the tooling plate along the X direction;
the second conveying device is arranged side by side with the first conveying device and is used for conveying the tool cover plate along the X direction;
the two cover plate taking and placing mechanisms are distributed along the X direction, the cover plate taking and placing mechanism at the upstream is used for placing the tooling cover plate on the tooling plate, and the cover plate taking and placing mechanism at the downstream is used for conveying the tooling cover plate on the tooling plate to the second conveying device;
the mould feeding module is used for feeding a mould onto the tooling plate;
the switch mounting module is positioned at the downstream of the die feeding module in the X direction and used for feeding a switch and enabling the switch to penetrate through the limiting hole in the tool cover plate and be installed in the die; and
and the sorting and blanking module is positioned at the downstream of the switch installation module in the X direction and is used for grabbing assembly blanking of the installed die and the switch.
As an optional technical solution of the automated assembly equipment, the mold feeding module includes:
first year dish loading attachment includes:
the first loading and conveying mechanism can convey the carrier disc among the first disc storage station, the first loading station and the first recovery station;
the first tray dividing mechanism is arranged at the first tray storage station and can be used for lowering the carrying trays which are stacked above the first tray storage station and are provided with the molds one by one onto the first feeding conveying mechanism; and
the first tray stacking mechanism is arranged at the first recovery station and can stack and recover the carrier trays conveyed to the first recovery station one by one;
and the first feeding mechanical arm is used for feeding the die in the carrying disc on the first feeding station onto the tooling plate.
As an optional technical solution of the automated assembly equipment, the first tray dividing mechanism includes:
the first tray dividing assembly comprises a first inserting piece and a first jacking piece, the first inserting piece is installed at the output end of the first jacking piece, the first inserting piece can be inserted into a gap between two lowermost carrying trays along the Y direction, and the first jacking piece can drive the first inserting piece to vertically move upwards so as to drive the other carrying trays except the lowermost carrying tray in the first disc storage station to move upwards;
the first lower component can support the carrying tray located at the lowest position in the first tray storage station, and the first lower component can stretch out and draw back along the vertical direction to place the carrying tray at the lowest position onto the first feeding conveying mechanism.
As an optional technical solution of the automated assembly equipment, the first tray mechanism includes:
the first bearing component can be switched between an avoiding state for allowing the carrying disc to vertically move and a bearing state for bearing the carrying disc; and
the first jacking assembly can drive the carrying disc to penetrate through the first bearing assembly along the vertical upward direction.
As an optional technical solution of the automated assembly equipment, the switch installation module includes:
second year dish loading attachment includes:
the second loading conveying mechanism can convey the carrier disc among the second disc storage station, the second loading station and the second recovery station;
the second tray separating mechanism is arranged at the second tray storage station and can lower the carrying trays which are stacked above the second tray storage station and provided with the switches one by one onto the second feeding conveying mechanism; and
the second stacking mechanism is arranged at the second recovery station and can stack and recover the carrying trays conveyed to the second recovery station one by one;
the second feeding mechanical arm is used for grabbing the switch in the carrying disc on the second feeding station and feeding the switch to the die after penetrating through the limiting hole;
and the pressing mechanism is used for pressing the switch into a corresponding mounting position on the die so as to connect the switch with the die.
As an optional technical solution of the automated assembly equipment, the second tray dividing mechanism includes:
the second tray dividing assembly comprises a second inserting piece and a second jacking piece, the second inserting piece is installed at the output end of the second jacking piece, the second inserting piece can be inserted into a gap between two lowermost carrying trays along the Y direction, and the second jacking piece can drive the second inserting piece to vertically move upwards so as to drive the other carrying trays except the lowermost carrying tray in the second tray storing station to move upwards;
the second is transferred the subassembly, can the bearing be in the year dish of the below in the second tray storage station, the subassembly is transferred to the second can be along vertical direction flexible in order to transfer the year dish of below to on the second material loading transport mechanism.
As an optional technical solution of the automated assembly equipment, the second stacker mechanism includes:
the second bearing component can be switched between an avoiding state for allowing the carrying disc to vertically move and a bearing state for bearing the carrying disc; and
and the second jacking component can drive the carrying disc to penetrate through the second bearing component along the vertical upward direction.
As an optional technical solution of the automated assembly equipment, the first conveying device includes:
the three first belt wheel conveying mechanisms are arranged in a head-to-tail butt joint mode along the X direction and are respectively and correspondingly arranged on a first operation station, a second operation station and a third operation station;
the first positioning jacking mechanisms are correspondingly arranged on the first operation station, the second operation station and the third operation station one by one, and the first positioning jacking mechanisms are used for jacking the tooling plates on the first belt wheel conveying mechanism.
As an optional technical solution of the automated assembly equipment, the second conveying device includes:
the three second belt wheel conveying mechanisms are arranged in a head-to-tail butt joint mode along the X direction and are respectively and correspondingly arranged on the first operation station, the second operation station and the third operation station;
and the three second positioning jacking mechanisms are correspondingly arranged on the first operation station, the second operation station and the third operation station one by one, and the second positioning jacking mechanisms are used for jacking the tool cover plate on the second belt wheel conveying mechanism.
As an optional technical solution of the automated assembly apparatus, the automated assembly apparatus further includes:
the reverse conveying device is arranged in the cabinet, is positioned below the first conveying device and the second conveying device, and is used for conveying the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate along the opposite direction of the X direction;
the first lifting mechanism is arranged at the upstream of the first conveying device and the second conveying device and can lift the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate which are transmitted out of the reverse conveying device to the inlet ends of the first conveying device and the second conveying device;
and the second lifting mechanism is arranged at the downstream of the first conveying device and the second conveying device and can move the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate which are transmitted out by the first conveying device and the second conveying device downwards to the inlet end of the reverse conveying device.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
the automatic assembly equipment provided by the utility model is used for installing a switch on a die, comprises a first operation station, a second operation station and a third operation station which are distributed along the X direction, and conveys a tooling plate and a tooling cover plate among the operation stations through a first conveying device and a second conveying device. When the assembly is started, the die feeding module feeds the die onto the tooling plate of the first operation station, and then the cover plate taking and placing mechanism at the upstream transfers the tooling cover plate on the second conveying device to the tooling plate and the die of the first operation station; then the first conveying device conveys the assembly of the tooling plate, the die and the tooling cover plate to a second operation station, the switch mounting module clamps the switch for feeding and drives the switch to penetrate through the limiting hole on the tooling cover plate and be loaded into the die, and then the downstream cover plate taking and placing mechanism transfers the tooling cover plate on the first conveying device to the second conveying device; and finally, the first conveying device conveys the assembled body of the mounted die and the switch to a third operation station, and the sorting and blanking module grabs the assembled body for blanking from the tooling plate. The automatic assembling equipment provided by the utility model realizes the automatic installation of the switch and the die, improves the working efficiency, ensures the installation quality, and improves the installation precision by limiting the installation position of the switch through the tool cover plate.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings required to be used in the description of the embodiments of the present invention will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings may be obtained according to the contents of the embodiments of the present invention and the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of an automated assembly apparatus provided by the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the automated assembly equipment provided by the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram illustrating a partial structure of an automated assembly apparatus provided by the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a partial structure of a first loading device provided by the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a side view of a first boat loading mechanism provided in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of region A of FIG. 3;
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a partial structure of an automated assembly apparatus provided by the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic view of a partial structure of the automated assembly equipment provided by the utility model.
In the figure:
100. a cabinet; 101. a first abdicating hole; 102. a second abdicating hole; 110. a first work station; 120. a second work station; 130. a third work station;
200. a first transmission device; 210. a first pulley transport mechanism; 220. a first positioning jacking mechanism;
300. a second transmission device; 310. a second pulley transport mechanism; 320. a second positioning jacking mechanism;
400. a cover plate pick and place mechanism;
500. a mold feeding module; 510. a first tray loading device; 511. a first feeding and conveying mechanism; 512. a first tray dividing mechanism; 5121. a first tray support; 5122. a first insert; 5123. a first jacking member; 5124. a first lower assembly; 513. a first tray mechanism; 5131. a first tray holder; 5132. a first holding member; 5133. a first jacking bottom plate; 5134. a first jacking side plate; 520. a first loading robot arm; 1. a carrying tray;
600. a switch mounting module; 610. a second tray loading device; 611. a second feeding and conveying mechanism; 612. a second tray dividing mechanism; 613. a second stacking mechanism; 620. a second loading robot arm;
700. a sorting and blanking module; 710. a sorting and blanking mechanism; 720. a finished product material box;
800. a first lifting mechanism;
900. a second lifting mechanism;
1000. a reverse transmission device.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problems solved, technical solutions adopted and technical effects achieved by the present invention clearer, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, the present embodiment provides an automated assembly apparatus for assembling a switch on a mold to form a switch assembly such as a switch panel, the automated assembly apparatus includes a cabinet 100 and: the device comprises a first conveying device, a second conveying device, two cover plate taking and placing mechanisms 400, a mold feeding module 500, a switch installation module 600 and a sorting and discharging module 700. The first conveying device is used for conveying the tooling plate along the X direction; the second conveying device is arranged side by side with the first conveying device and is used for conveying the tool cover plate along the X direction; the two cover plate taking and placing mechanisms 400 are distributed along the X direction, wherein the cover plate taking and placing mechanism 400 at the upstream is used for placing the tooling cover plate on the tooling plate, and the cover plate taking and placing mechanism 400 at the downstream is used for conveying the tooling cover plate on the tooling plate to the second conveying device; the mold feeding module 500 is used for feeding a mold onto a tooling plate; the switch installation module 600 is located at the downstream of the die feeding module 500 in the X direction, and the switch installation module 600 is used for feeding a switch and enabling the switch to penetrate through a limiting hole in a tool cover plate and be installed in a die; the sorting and blanking module 700 is located at the downstream of the switch installation module 600 in the X direction, and the sorting and blanking module 700 is used for grabbing and blanking the assembled body of the installed die and the switch.
Specifically, the automated assembly equipment provided by the embodiment includes a first operation station 110, a second operation station 120, and a third operation station 130 distributed along the X direction, and the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate are conveyed between the above operation stations by a first conveying device and a second conveying device. When the assembly starts, the mold feeding module 500 feeds the mold to the tooling plate of the first operation station 110, and then the cover plate taking and placing mechanism 400 at the upstream transfers the tooling cover plate on the second conveying device to the tooling plate and the mold of the first operation station 110; then the first conveying device conveys the assembly of the tooling plate, the die and the tooling cover plate to the second operation station 120, the switch mounting module 600 clamps the switch material and drives the switch to pass through the limiting hole on the tooling cover plate and load into the die, and then the cover plate taking and placing mechanism 400 at the downstream transfers the tooling cover plate on the first conveying device to the second conveying device; finally, the first conveying device conveys the assembled body of the mounted mold and the switch to the third operation station 130, and the sorting and blanking module 700 grabs the assembled body for blanking from the tooling plate. The automatic assembling equipment provided by the utility model realizes the automatic installation of the switch and the die, improves the working efficiency, ensures the installation quality, and improves the installation precision by limiting the installation position of the switch through the tool cover plate.
In this embodiment, the cover plate picking and placing mechanism 400 adopts a high-speed sorting machine, the high-speed sorting machine adopts a motor and a belt wheel transmission mechanism to realize the movement of the output end along the Y direction, and realizes the clamping of the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate along the movement of the vertical direction through a linear cylinder, through a clamping jaw cylinder or a vacuum chuck structure, the above composition structure is the prior art, and the specific structure is not repeated herein.
Optionally, the mold loading module 500 is disposed corresponding to the first operation station 110, the mold loading module 500 includes a first tray loading device 510 and a first loading robot arm 520, the first tray loading device 510 includes a first loading conveyer 511, a first tray dividing mechanism 512 and a first tray stacking mechanism 513, and the first loading conveyer 511 can convey the tray 1 among the first tray storage station, the first loading station and the first recovery station; the first tray dividing mechanism 512 is arranged at the first tray storage station, and can lower the carrying trays 1 which are stacked above the first tray storage station and are provided with the molds one by one onto the first feeding conveying mechanism 511; the first tray mechanism 513 is provided at the first recovery station, and is capable of stacking and recovering the carrier trays 1 conveyed to the first recovery station one by one upward. The first loading arm 520 is used to load the molds in the boat 1 at the first loading station onto the tooling plate. Specifically, a plurality of mold-loaded trays 1 are stacked on the first tray dividing mechanism 512, the tray loading mechanisms 512 lower the trays 1 one by one onto the first feeding conveying mechanism 511, and after the tray loading mechanisms 511 convey the trays 1 to the first feeding station, the first feeding robot arm 520 picks the molds from the trays 1 and conveys the molds to the tooling plates in the first working station 110, thereby completing the feeding of the molds.
Further, the first tray dividing mechanism 512 comprises a first tray dividing support 5121, a first tray dividing assembly and a first lowering assembly 5124, the tray 1 to be loaded is stacked in the first tray dividing support 5121, the first tray dividing assembly comprises a first insert 5122 and a first lifting member 5123, the first insert 5122 is mounted at the output end of the first lifting member 5123, the first insert 5122 can be inserted into the gap between the two lowermost tray loading 1 along the Y direction, and the first lifting member 5123 can drive the first insert 5122 to vertically move upwards so as to drive the other tray loading 1 except the lowermost tray loading 1 in the first tray storage station to move upwards; the first lowering assembly 5124 can hold the lowermost tray 1 in the first tray storage station, and the first lowering assembly 5124 can extend and retract along the vertical direction to lower the lowermost tray 1 onto the first feeding and conveying mechanism 511.
Specifically, in the process of lowering the boat 1, the first lowering assembly 5124 first extends upward to hold the lowermost boat 1; then the first jacking piece 5123 extends upwards by a distance of the thickness of one carrier disc 1, and the first inserting piece 5122 is inserted into the gap between the two lowermost carrier discs 1; then, the first lowering assembly 5124 retracts downwards to a position lower than the first loading and conveying mechanism 511, and the lowermost tray 1 is placed on the first loading and conveying mechanism 511; the first jacking piece 5123 drives the other load trays 1 except the lowermost load tray 1 to move downwards by the thickness of one load tray 1, thus completing the process of lowering the load tray 1 once.
Preferably, the first feeding and conveying mechanism 511 adopts a belt wheel conveying mechanism, the motor transmits power to the conveying belt wheel through a chain wheel and chain assembly, and the conveying belt drives the carrying disc 1 to move along a horizontal straight line.
Preferably, the first insert 5122, the first lifting element 5123 and the first lowering assembly 5124 all adopt linear driving elements, in this embodiment, the first insert 5122, the first lifting element 5123 and the first lowering assembly 5124 adopt linear cylinders as driving elements, and in other embodiments, the first insert 5122, the first lifting element 5123 and the first lowering assembly 5124 can also adopt other driving elements such as electric push rods and oil cylinders.
Further, the first tray mechanism 513 includes a first tray support 5131, a first supporting member 5132 and a first lifting member, the stacked carrier trays 1 are stacked in the first tray support 5131 from bottom to top, and the first supporting member 5132 can be switched between an avoiding state allowing the carrier trays 1 to vertically move and a supporting state carrying the carrier trays 1; the first jacking assembly can drive the carrying disc 1 to penetrate through the first supporting assembly 5132 along the vertical upward direction. Specifically, the first supporting member 5132 is rotatably connected to the first tray support 5131 around a horizontal axis, and a first limiting protrusion is provided at the bottom of the first supporting member 5132, so that the first supporting member 5132 is limited from rotating downward, and the first supporting member 5132 is allowed to rotate upward; first jacking subassembly includes first jacking driving piece, first jacking bottom plate 5133 and first jacking curb plate 5134, and first jacking driving piece sets up along vertical direction is flexible, and first jacking bottom plate 5133 locates the output of first jacking driving piece for the bottom of dish 1 is carried in the bearing, and first jacking curb plate 5134 is located the side on first jacking bottom plate 5133, is used for carrying the spacing of dish 1 on horizontal direction of transfer. After the loaded tray 1 which is discharged is conveyed to the first recovery station, the first jacking assembly pushes the loaded tray 1 to upwards pass through the first bearing assembly 5132, then the first jacking assembly retracts, the loaded tray 1 is driven to downwards rotate to the position where the first limiting protrusion is abutted against the first stack tray support 5131 when descending, and the first bearing assembly 5132 supports the loaded tray 1 so as to complete the stacking recovery of the loaded tray 1.
Preferably, the first jacking driving part adopts a linear driving part, in this embodiment, the first jacking driving part adopts a linear air cylinder as a driving part, and in other embodiments, the first jacking driving part can also adopt other driving parts such as an electric push rod and an oil cylinder.
Preferably, the first loading robot arm 520 employs a three-axis robot arm.
Optionally, the switch installation module 600 is disposed corresponding to the second work station 120, the switch installation module 600 includes a second tray loading device 610, a second loading robot arm 620 and a pressing mechanism, the second tray loading device 610 includes a second loading conveying mechanism 611, a second tray dividing mechanism 612 and a second tray stacking mechanism 613, and the second loading conveying mechanism 611 can convey the tray 1 among the second tray storage station, the second loading station and the second recovery station; the second tray dividing mechanism 612 is arranged at the second tray storage station, and can lower the carrying trays 1 which are stacked above the second tray storage station and are provided with the switches one by one onto the second feeding and conveying mechanism 611; the second stacking mechanism 613 is provided at the second recycling station, and is capable of stacking and recycling the boat 1 conveyed to the second recycling station one by one. The second feeding mechanical arm 620 is used for feeding the switch in the carrying disc 1 on the second feeding station onto the tooling plate, and the pressing mechanism is used for pressing the switch into a corresponding mounting position on the die so as to connect the switch with the die. Specifically, a plurality of loading trays 1 loaded with switches are stacked at the second tray dividing mechanism 612, the second tray dividing mechanism 612 lowers the loading trays 1 one by one onto the second loading conveying mechanism 611, after the second loading conveying mechanism 611 conveys the loading trays 1 to the second loading station, the second loading mechanical arm 620 grabs the switches from the loading trays 1 and conveys the switches to the preset installation positions of the molds in the second operation station 120, and then the pressing mechanism presses the switches from above to clamp the switches into the preset installation positions of the molds, so that the installation of the switches and the molds is completed.
Further, the second tray dividing mechanism 612 comprises a second tray dividing support, a second tray dividing assembly and a second lowering assembly, the trays 1 to be loaded are stacked in the second tray dividing support, the second tray dividing assembly comprises a second inserting piece and a second jacking piece, the second inserting piece is installed at the output end of the second jacking piece, the second inserting piece can be inserted into a gap between the two lowermost trays 1 along the Y direction, and the second jacking piece can drive the second inserting piece to vertically move upwards so as to drive the rest trays 1 except the lowermost tray 1 in the second tray storage station to move upwards; the subassembly is transferred to the second can be in the year dish 1 of below in the bearing second stores the dish station, and the subassembly is transferred to the second along vertical direction flexible in order to transfer year dish 1 of below to on second material loading transport mechanism 611.
Specifically, in the process of lowering the boat 1, the second lowering assembly first extends upward to hold the lowermost boat 1; then the second jacking piece extends upwards for a distance of the thickness of one carrier disc 1, and the second inserting piece is inserted into a gap between the two lowermost carrier discs 1; then the second lowering assembly retracts downwards to a position lower than the second feeding conveying mechanism 611, and the lowermost tray 1 is placed on the second feeding conveying mechanism 611; the second jacking piece drives other carrying discs 1 except the lowermost carrying disc 1 to move downwards by the thickness of one carrying disc 1, and the process of lowering the carrying disc 1 once is completed.
Preferably, the second feeding and conveying mechanism 611 is a belt wheel conveying mechanism, the motor transmits power to the conveying belt wheel through a chain wheel and chain assembly, and the carrying disc 1 is driven by the conveying belt to move along a horizontal straight line.
Preferably, the second insert, the second jacking piece and the second lowering assembly all adopt linear driving members, in the embodiment, the second insert, the second jacking piece and the second lowering assembly adopt linear cylinders as the driving members, and in other embodiments, the second insert, the second jacking piece and the second lowering assembly also can adopt other driving members such as electric push rods and oil cylinders.
Further, the second tray stacking mechanism 613 includes a second tray stacking support, a second supporting member and a second jacking member, the tray 1 stacked after the tray stacking is stacked in the second tray stacking support from bottom to top, and the second supporting member can be switched between an avoiding state allowing the tray 1 to vertically move and a supporting state of the tray 1; and the second jacking assembly can drive the carrying disc 1 to pass through the second bearing assembly along the vertical upward direction. Specifically, the second bearing component is rotatably connected to the second stacker tray bracket around a horizontal axis, and a second limiting bulge is arranged at the bottom of the second bearing component so as to limit the second bearing component to rotate downwards and allow the second bearing component to rotate upwards; the second jacking assembly comprises a second jacking driving piece, a second jacking bottom plate and a second jacking side plate, the second jacking driving piece is arranged in a telescopic mode along the vertical direction, the second jacking bottom plate is arranged at the output end of the second jacking driving piece and used for bearing the bottom of the carrying disc 1, and the second jacking side plate is located on the side edge of the second jacking bottom plate and used for limiting the carrying disc 1 in the horizontal conveying direction. After the unloading year dish 1 conveys to the second and retrieves the station, second jacking subassembly top pushes away year dish 1 and passes second bearing subassembly upwards, then the withdrawal of second jacking subassembly, drives second bearing subassembly downwardly rotating to the position of the spacing arch of second and the butt of second heap dish support when carrying dish 1 decline, and second bearing subassembly holds year dish 1 to accomplish the piling up of carrying dish 1 and retrieve.
Preferably, the second jacking driving part adopts a linear driving part, in this embodiment, the second jacking driving part adopts a linear air cylinder as a driving part, and in other embodiments, the second jacking driving part can also adopt other driving parts such as an electric push rod and an oil cylinder.
Optionally, the pressing mechanism comprises a pressing driving piece which is arranged in a telescopic mode in the vertical direction and a pressing jig which is installed at an output end between the pressing driving pieces, and the pressing driving piece drives the pressing jig to vertically move downwards so as to push the switch to be installed in the die.
Preferably, the second loading robot arm 620 employs a three-axis robot arm.
Optionally, the sorting and blanking module 700 includes a sorting and blanking mechanism 710 and a finished product material box 720, the sorting and blanking mechanism 710 employs a high-speed sorting machine, the high-speed sorting machine employs a motor and a belt wheel transmission mechanism to implement movement of an output end along the Y direction, and implements movement of the output end along the vertical direction by a linear cylinder, and implements clamping of a combination of a mold and a switch by a clamping jaw cylinder or a vacuum chuck structure, the above-mentioned components are the prior art, and the specific structure thereof is not described herein again; the finished product material box 720 is used for storing a combination of a mold and a switch for blanking.
Optionally, the first conveying device includes three first belt wheel conveying mechanisms 210 and three first positioning and jacking mechanisms 220, the three first belt wheel conveying mechanisms 210 are arranged in a head-to-tail butt joint manner along the X direction, and the three first belt wheel conveying mechanisms 210 are respectively and correspondingly arranged on the first operation station 110, the second operation station 120 and the third operation station 130; the three first positioning and jacking mechanisms 220 are correspondingly arranged on the first operation station 110, the second operation station 120 and the third operation station 130, and the first positioning and jacking mechanisms 220 are used for jacking up the tooling plates on the first belt wheel conveying mechanism 210.
Preferably, the first positioning and jacking mechanism 220 is driven by a cylinder to jack up.
Preferably, the first transfer device further includes a plurality of positioning sensors distributed along the extending direction of the first pulley transfer mechanism 210 for detecting the transfer position of the tooling plate.
Optionally, the second conveying device comprises: the three second belt wheel conveying mechanisms 310 are arranged in an end-to-end butt joint mode along the X direction, and the three second belt wheel conveying mechanisms 310 are correspondingly arranged on the first operation station 110, the second operation station 120 and the third operation station 130 respectively; the three second positioning and jacking mechanisms 320 are correspondingly arranged on the first operation station 110, the second operation station 120 and the third operation station 130, and the second positioning and jacking mechanisms 320 are used for jacking the tool cover plate on the second belt wheel conveying mechanism 310.
Preferably, the second positioning and jacking mechanism 320 is driven by a cylinder to jack.
Preferably, the second conveying device further includes a plurality of positioning sensors distributed along the extending direction of the first belt wheel conveying mechanism 210, so as to detect the conveying position of the tooling cover plate.
Preferably, the first pulley transport 210 is transported in synchronization with the second pulley transport 310.
Optionally, the automated assembly equipment further comprises a reverse transport device 1000, a first lifting mechanism 800 and a second lifting mechanism 900. The reverse conveying device 1000 is arranged in the cabinet 100, the reverse conveying device 1000 is positioned below the first conveying device and the second conveying device, and the reverse conveying device 1000 is used for conveying the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate in the opposite direction of the X direction; the first lifting mechanism 800 is arranged at the upstream of the first conveying device and the second conveying device, a first abdicating hole 101 is formed in a top plate of the cabinet 100, and the first lifting mechanism 800 can lift up the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate which are conveyed out of the reverse conveying device 1000, so that the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate pass through the first abdicating hole 101 and are conveyed to inlet ends of the first conveying device and the second conveying device; the second lifting mechanism 900 is arranged at the downstream of the first conveying device and the second conveying device, a second yielding hole 102 is formed in a top plate of the cabinet 100, and the second lifting mechanism 900 can move down a tooling plate and a tooling cover plate which are transmitted by the first conveying device and the second conveying device, so that the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate pass through the first yielding hole 101 and are conveyed to the inlet end of the reverse conveying device 1000.
Optionally, the automated assembly equipment further includes two sets of side pushing mechanisms, which are respectively disposed corresponding to the first lifting mechanism 800 and the second lifting mechanism 900, wherein one set of the side pushing mechanisms pushes the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate which are lifted to the inlet ends of the first conveying device and the second conveying device respectively to the first conveying device and the second conveying device, and the other set of the side pushing mechanisms pushes the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate which are moved down to the inlet end of the reverse conveying device 1000 respectively to the reverse conveying device 1000.
Preferably, the reverse conveying device 1000 is formed by end-to-end combination of three third belt wheel conveying mechanisms, and the three third belt wheel conveying mechanisms are respectively and correspondingly arranged below the first operation station 110, the second operation station 120 and the third operation station 130.
Preferably, a power supply module and a control module are disposed in the cabinet 100.
Preferably, the automatic assembling equipment further comprises a cover, which is disposed above the cabinet 100 and is used for covering the first conveying device, the second conveying device, the two cover plate picking and placing mechanisms 400, the mold feeding module 500, the switch installation module 600 and the sorting and discharging module 700.
It is to be noted that the foregoing is only illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention and the technical principles employed. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the particular embodiments described herein, but is capable of various obvious changes, rearrangements and substitutions as will now become apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the utility model. Therefore, although the present invention has been described in some detail by the above embodiments, the utility model is not limited to the above embodiments, and may include other equivalent embodiments without departing from the spirit of the utility model, and the scope of the utility model is determined by the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. An automated assembly apparatus, comprising a cabinet (100) and, provided on the cabinet (100):
the first conveying device is used for conveying the tooling plate along the X direction;
the second conveying device is arranged side by side with the first conveying device and is used for conveying the tool cover plate along the X direction;
the two cover plate taking and placing mechanisms (400) are distributed along the X direction, the cover plate taking and placing mechanism (400) at the upstream is used for placing the tooling cover plate on the tooling plate, and the cover plate taking and placing mechanism (400) at the downstream is used for conveying the tooling cover plate on the tooling plate to the second conveying device;
a mould feeding module (500) for feeding a mould onto the tooling plate;
the switch mounting module (600) is positioned at the downstream of the die feeding module (500) in the X direction, and the switch mounting module (600) is used for feeding a switch and enabling the switch to penetrate through a limiting hole in the tool cover plate and be installed in a die; and
the sorting and blanking module (700) is located on the downstream of the switch installation module (600) in the X direction, and the sorting and blanking module (700) is used for grabbing blanking of an assembled body of the installed die and the switch.
2. The automated assembly apparatus of claim 1, wherein the mold loading module (500) comprises:
a first boat loading device (510) comprising:
a first loading and conveying mechanism (511) capable of conveying the boat (1) among the first tray storing station, the first loading station and the first recycling station;
the first tray dividing mechanism (512) is arranged at the first tray storage station and can be used for lowering the carrying trays (1) which are stacked above the first tray storage station and are provided with the molds one by one onto the first feeding conveying mechanism (511); and
a first tray stacking mechanism (513) provided at the first recovery station and capable of stacking and recovering the carrier trays (1) conveyed to the first recovery station one by one upward;
and the first loading mechanical arm (520) is used for loading the moulds in the carrying disc (1) on the first loading station onto the tooling plate.
3. The automated assembly apparatus of claim 2, wherein the first tray mechanism (512) comprises:
the first tray assembly comprises a first inserting piece (5122) and a first jacking piece (5123), the first inserting piece (5122) is installed at the output end of the first jacking piece (5123), the first inserting piece (5122) can be inserted into a gap between two lowermost tray carriers (1) along the Y direction, and the first jacking piece (5123) can drive the first inserting piece (5122) to vertically move upwards so as to drive the rest tray carriers (1) except the lowermost tray carrier (1) in the first tray storage station to move upwards;
the first lower component (5124) can bear the lowermost tray (1) in the first tray storage station, and the first lower component (5124) can stretch in the vertical direction to lower the lowermost tray (1) onto the first feeding conveying mechanism (511).
4. The automated assembly apparatus of claim 2, wherein the first stack mechanism (513) comprises:
a first holding member (5132) which can be switched between an avoidance state allowing the carrier plate (1) to vertically move and a holding state for holding the carrier plate (1); and
the first jacking assembly can drive the carrying disc (1) to penetrate through the first bearing assembly (5132) in the vertical upward direction.
5. The automated assembly equipment of claim 1, wherein the switch mounting module (600) comprises:
a second boat loading device (610), comprising:
a second feeding and conveying mechanism (611) capable of conveying the boat (1) among the second tray storing station, the second feeding station and the second recovery station;
the second tray dividing mechanism (612) is arranged at the second tray storage station and can lower the carrier trays (1) which are stacked above the second tray storage station and are provided with the switches one by one onto the second feeding conveying mechanism (611); and
a second stacking tray mechanism (613) which is provided at the second recovery station and can stack and recover the carrier trays (1) conveyed to the second recovery station one by one;
the second feeding mechanical arm (620) is used for grabbing the switch in the carrying disc (1) on the second feeding station and passing through the limiting hole to feed the material to the die;
and the pressing mechanism is used for pressing the switch into a corresponding mounting position on the die so as to connect the switch with the die.
6. The automated assembly apparatus of claim 5, wherein the second racking mechanism (612) comprises:
the second split disc assembly comprises a second inserting piece and a second jacking piece, the second inserting piece is installed at the output end of the second jacking piece, the second inserting piece can be inserted into a gap between two lowermost carrying discs (1) along the Y direction, and the second jacking piece can drive the second inserting piece to vertically move upwards so as to drive the other carrying discs (1) except the lowermost carrying disc (1) in the second disc storage station to move upwards;
the subassembly is transferred to the second, can the bearing be in the year dish (1) of below in the second deposit dish station, the subassembly is transferred to the second can be along vertical direction flexible in order to transfer year dish (1) of below to on second material loading transport mechanism (611).
7. The automated assembly apparatus of claim 5, wherein the second stacker tray mechanism (613) comprises:
a second supporting component which can be switched between an avoiding state allowing the carrying disc (1) to vertically move and a supporting state of the carrying disc (1); and
and the second jacking assembly can drive the carrying disc (1) to penetrate through the second bearing assembly along the vertical upward direction.
8. The automated assembly apparatus of any of claims 1 to 7, wherein the first conveyor comprises:
the three first belt wheel conveying mechanisms (210) are arranged in a head-to-tail butt joint mode along the X direction, and the three first belt wheel conveying mechanisms (210) are correspondingly arranged on the first operation station (110), the second operation station (120) and the third operation station (130) respectively;
three first location climbing mechanism (220), one-to-one set up in first operation station (110), second operation station (120) with third operation station (130), first location climbing mechanism (220) be used for with on first band pulley transport mechanism (210) frock board jack-up.
9. The automated assembly apparatus of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the second conveyor comprises:
the three second belt wheel conveying mechanisms (310) are arranged in a butt joint mode end to end along the X direction, and the three second belt wheel conveying mechanisms (310) are correspondingly arranged on the first operation station (110), the second operation station (120) and the third operation station (130) respectively;
three second location climbing mechanism (320), one-to-one set up in first operation station (110), second operation station (120) with third operation station (130), second location climbing mechanism (320) be used for with on second band pulley transport mechanism (310) frock apron jack-up.
10. The automated assembly apparatus of any of claims 1 to 7, further comprising:
the reverse conveying device (1000) is arranged in the cabinet (100), the reverse conveying device (1000) is positioned below the first conveying device and the second conveying device, and the reverse conveying device (1000) is used for conveying the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate along the opposite direction of the X direction;
the first lifting mechanism (800) is arranged at the upstream of the first conveying device and the second conveying device and can lift the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate which are transmitted out of the reverse conveying device (1000) to the inlet ends of the first conveying device and the second conveying device;
and the second lifting mechanism (900) is arranged at the downstream of the first conveying device and the second conveying device and can move the tooling plate and the tooling cover plate which are transmitted by the first conveying device and the second conveying device downwards to the inlet end of the reverse conveying device (1000).
CN202220496063.0U 2022-03-09 2022-03-09 Automatic change equipment Active CN216945190U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220496063.0U CN216945190U (en) 2022-03-09 2022-03-09 Automatic change equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220496063.0U CN216945190U (en) 2022-03-09 2022-03-09 Automatic change equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216945190U true CN216945190U (en) 2022-07-12

Family

ID=82295451

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202220496063.0U Active CN216945190U (en) 2022-03-09 2022-03-09 Automatic change equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216945190U (en)

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