CN2166314Y - Energy-saving garbage purifying furnace - Google Patents

Energy-saving garbage purifying furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2166314Y
CN2166314Y CN 93220750 CN93220750U CN2166314Y CN 2166314 Y CN2166314 Y CN 2166314Y CN 93220750 CN93220750 CN 93220750 CN 93220750 U CN93220750 U CN 93220750U CN 2166314 Y CN2166314 Y CN 2166314Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
incinerator
energy
combustion chamber
air
saving garbage
Prior art date
Application number
CN 93220750
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张忠贤
徐庆宏
张庆涛
Original Assignee
张忠贤
徐庆宏
张庆涛
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张忠贤, 徐庆宏, 张庆涛 filed Critical 张忠贤
Priority to CN 93220750 priority Critical patent/CN2166314Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2166314Y publication Critical patent/CN2166314Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an energy-saving garbage purifying furnace for processing the viral and dangerous rubbish, comprising a sealing belt feeder, three combustion chambers, a combustion apparatus, a heat exchanger, a dust remover and a smoke discharging device, etc. The utility model can not only carry out thorough and complete incineration of the toxic and fungal garbage, but also save the energy. The utility model is an ideal and efficient equipment for garbage processing in the units, such as hospitals, biochemical institutes, etc.

Description

The utility model belongs to the processing municipal refuse, the energy-saving garbage purification incinerator of viral, the dangerous rubbish of handling particularly that hospital or department that biochemical research waits produce.

At present, the processing mode of municipal refuse mainly contains: landfill method, compost treatment method, large-scale burning integrated plant, and small incinerator etc. is several.Landfill method and compost treatment method are more because of land occupation, simultaneously water quality, atmosphere and crops are had serious pollution, are not suitable for handling poisonous rubbish; Large-scale burning integrated plant can't be popularized at present because investment is bigger.So have virus, the dangerous rubbish that generally have generation such as hospital or department that biochemical research waits all adopt small incinerator to handle.Advantages such as that small incinerator has is simple in structure, floor space is few.But no matter be to burn the coal or the incinerator of oil firing, because its furnace binding is relatively backward, rubbish can not completing combustion, exists shortcomings such as over-emitting black exhaust, sterilization effect difference.This stove does not have dedusting and waste-heat recovery device in addition, both environment has been caused pollution, has wasted a large amount of energy again.

The utility model is the energy-saving garbage purification incinerator that design at the deficiencies in the prior art a kind of smokeless, dust pollution, the toadstool of going out are effective, flexible and convenient to use, can save a large amount of energy.

The utility model is realized by following manner.Main part is made up of three combustion chambers arranged side by side.There is a sealed belt charger porch in first combustion chamber, and rubbish to be burned enters first combustion chamber by sealed belt charger, and the combustion chamber is provided with that oil is chewed and air inlet, is convenient to rubbish is burned.Fully flue gas, the semi-coal gas that burns enters second, third combustion chamber successively, continues to burn, and discharges from spraying smoke ejector then.

The structure of incinerator has the charging of interruption formula shaft (tower) furnace and two kinds of continuous charging formula rotary furnaces.First Combustion chamber design of interruption charging formula incinerator becomes band grate formula, and grate can be made with heat proof material.Rubbish things etc. are on grate.In order to increase the contact-making surface of flame and rubbish, design has the wave arch to advance quirk above the grate, and oil is chewed advancing below the quirk on grate, and flame can evenly enter into the whole bottom of rubbish, and rubbish is burned fast.The rubbish that burns enters second combustion chamber with air-flow to be mixed with hot-air for the second time and carries out completing combustion, by the time during the 3rd combustion chamber, the last thorough burning-out of only more remaining particles or dust and part fuel gas.Its volumetric ratio of first combustion chamber of charging incinerator is less continuously, can only tentatively light rubbish.Second Combustion chamber design becomes the cylindrical shape of inclination, is driven by drive unit, can direction in accordance with regulations at the uniform velocity rotate when work.Inwall is evenly distributed with vertical material rotating plate, after rubbish enters, can advance with stirring of not stopping of rotating cylinder, makes it reach clean-burning purpose, progressively enters the 3rd combustion chamber.The 3rd combustion chamber is provided with hot blast and burner again, reaches fully and completely burning.The dust of after-flame sinks to the bottom, and all the other flue gases spray smoke ejector and discharge from top.In order to prevent harmful virus diffusion, incinerator is all made sealed from expecting incinerator.

On three-barreled top, heat exchanger, gravitational precipitator and injection smoke ejector are housed successively.Heat exchanger is efficient jet flow, utilizes the waste heat of flue gas can be with air preheat to 250~300 come by air blast ℃.Air part after the preheating can be used for combustion-supporting, makes fuel-oil atmozation better; Another part can be used for dry moist rubbish and does the completing combustion of secondary wind.According to the working condition of incinerator,, also can install water heater for producing or the life use for making full use of the energy.This preheater can save energy 10~15%.Deduster is the gravity type deduster, and the dust major part after burning through three combustion chambers has been deposited to furnace bottom, rises with air-flow but still have on a small quantity, and the gravity type dust pelletizing system can will all be removed by its inner dust.The injecting type smoke ejector is by pipeline the part air quantity of air blast to be introduced to spray smoke evacuation, is not subjected to the influence of extraneous wind direction and climate change, adjusts the interior pressure and the smoke evacuation smoothly of big or small flexibly changing stove of air quantity.Make furnace condition anterograde, combustion position is good.

Below in conjunction with description of drawings two embodiment of the present utility model.

Accompanying drawing 1 is for being interrupted the schematic diagram of the vertical incinerator of charging.(1) is for spraying smoke ejector among the figure; (2) be the gravity type deduster; (3) be efficient efflux heat-exchanger; (4) be the 3rd combustion chamber; (5) be second combustion chamber; (6) be electric control gear; (7) be fueller; (8) be air supply device; (9) be base; (10) be the ash disposal car; (11) be storage hopper; (12) be first combustion chamber; (13) be sealing belt filled machine.

This incinerator is to carry out work as follows.Rubbish to be burned is packed in first combustion chamber (12) by sealing belt filled machine (13), falls above the arch quirk on the grate, and fuel oil and air are below lighted rubbish from quirk, and fully burn.Things such as the dust that burnouts fall into following storage ash bucket (11).The unburnt rubbish of part enters second combustion chamber (5) with air-flow to be continued to burn.When waiting to enter the 3rd combustion chamber (4), only more remaining particles or dust and fuel gas, last thoroughly burning-out.One, is provided with the divider wall that refractory material is made between two, three combustion chambers.The top of the 3rd combustion chamber (4) is equipped with efficient efflux heat-exchanger (3), gravity type deduster (2) successively and sprays smoke ejector (1).

Accompanying drawing 2 is continuously a charging swinging incinerator.(1) is for spraying smoke ejector among the figure; (2) be the gravity type deduster; (3) be efficient efflux heat-exchanger; (4) be the 3rd combustion chamber; (5) be air supply device; (6) be fueller; (7) be electric control gear; (8) be the storage ash bucket; (9) be the ash disposal car; (10) be the rolling gear ring; (11) be second combustion chamber; (12) be first combustion chamber; (13) chew for oil; (14) be sealing belt filled machine.

The rubbish that enters this incinerator is packed into by sealing belt filled machine (14) in first combustion chamber (12), is lighted by fuel oil and air, progressively enters second combustion chamber (11).Second combustion chamber is the cylindrical shape that tilts, and can at the uniform velocity rotate by certain direction, and interior week is evenly distributed with material rotating plate.Rubbish advances with the body of heater rotation while burning herein, reaches clean-burning purpose, progressively enters the 3rd combustion chamber (4).To these only more remaining afterwards unburnt particles and dust etc.After further fully burning, the dust of after-flame sinks in the bottom storage ash bucket (8), and all the other flue gases are discharged from top jet smoke ejector (1) successively by efficient efflux heat-exchanger (3), gravity type deduster (2).

The utility model has the advantages that waste incineration is thorough, smoke dust pollutes, and sterilization, Disinfection Effect are good, flexible and convenient to use, but and energy savings. Be specially adapted to the garbage disposal of the departments such as medium and small hospital. The continuous rotary incinerator can focus on the rubbish of some areas, and obvious social benefit is arranged.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of energy-saving garbage purification incinerator, form by feeder, combustion chamber, heat exchanger, deduster, smoke ejector and fuel feeding, air feed burner etc., it is characterized in that: this incinerator has three combustion chambers, adopt the charging of sealing belt filled machine, rubbish enters first, second and third combustion chamber successively and burns, and is provided with heat exchanger, gravitational dust collection system on three-barreled top and sprays smoke ejector.
2, energy-saving garbage purification incinerator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: can be made into the wave arch above the first combustion chamber grate and advance quirk, in order to increase rubbish and fiery contact area.
3, energy-saving garbage purification incinerator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: second combustion chamber is the cylindrical shape that tilts, and inwall is evenly distributed with material rotating plate, is driven by drive unit, can direction in accordance with regulations at the uniform velocity rotate.
4, energy-saving garbage purification incinerator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said heat exchanger is to improve the efficient efflux heat-exchanger that enters air themperature in the incinerator, and water heater can be installed as required.
5, energy-saving garbage purification incinerator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: spraying smoke ejector is by pipeline the part air quantity of air blast to be introduced, and sprays smoke evacuation, adjusts the big or small flexibly changing furnace pressure of air quantity and smoke evacuation smoothly.
6, energy-saving garbage purification incinerator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: in order to prevent harmful virus diffusion, incinerator is all made sealed from expecting incinerator.
CN 93220750 1993-08-03 1993-08-03 Energy-saving garbage purifying furnace CN2166314Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 93220750 CN2166314Y (en) 1993-08-03 1993-08-03 Energy-saving garbage purifying furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 93220750 CN2166314Y (en) 1993-08-03 1993-08-03 Energy-saving garbage purifying furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2166314Y true CN2166314Y (en) 1994-05-25

Family

ID=33799809

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 93220750 CN2166314Y (en) 1993-08-03 1993-08-03 Energy-saving garbage purifying furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2166314Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103383109A (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-11-06 句容市华联特种设备制造有限公司 Gasified and cracked peat combustion furnace
CN105240857A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-13 重庆光煦科技有限公司 Solid waste disposal equipment
CN106224974A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-14 湖南瑞新机械制造有限公司 Waste incineration processing system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103383109A (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-11-06 句容市华联特种设备制造有限公司 Gasified and cracked peat combustion furnace
CN103383109B (en) * 2013-06-27 2017-02-08 句容市华联特种设备制造有限公司 Gasified and cracked peat combustion furnace
CN105240857A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-13 重庆光煦科技有限公司 Solid waste disposal equipment
CN105240857B (en) * 2015-10-21 2018-12-28 绍兴金创意塑化电器有限公司 A kind of solid waste material treating device
CN106224974A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-14 湖南瑞新机械制造有限公司 Waste incineration processing system
CN106224974B (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-06-19 湖南瑞新机械制造有限公司 Waste incineration processing system

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GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee