CN204648254U - Residents in rural community CIU - Google Patents

Residents in rural community CIU Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204648254U
CN204648254U CN201520271480.5U CN201520271480U CN204648254U CN 204648254 U CN204648254 U CN 204648254U CN 201520271480 U CN201520271480 U CN 201520271480U CN 204648254 U CN204648254 U CN 204648254U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
incinerator
fire grate
rotating shaft
residents
combustion chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520271480.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗丹妮
郑先俊
杨晓鸽
王�锋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xian Technological University
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Xian Technological University
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201520271480.5U priority Critical patent/CN204648254U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204648254U publication Critical patent/CN204648254U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of residents in rural community CIU, comprise incinerator and secondary combustion chamber, waste incineration furnace upper end arranges storage bin, storage bin discharging opening arranges revolving top, in incinerator, fire grate is set, conveying passage is set above fire grate, in incinerator, rotating shaft is set, fire grate is fixedly mounted in rotating shaft, first biogas input pipe is set in rotating shaft, the first air input passage is formed between first biogas input pipe and rotating shaft, fire grate is arranged the first igniter, actuating unit for driving fire grate to rotate is set in incinerator, the furnace chamber of incinerator is communicated with the furnace chamber of secondary combustion chamber by flue gas delivery pipe, secondary combustion chamber is arranged the second biogas input pipe and the second air input passage, second biogas input pipe arranges secondary igniter, secondary combustion chamber is arranged fume emission mouth.This residents in rural community CIU structure is simple, and residents in rural community can be made to be fully burned, and cost of manufacture is low.

Description

Residents in rural community CIU
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of refuse burning system, particularly relates to a kind of residents in rural community CIU.
Background technology
The treatment technology of current house refuse mainly contains landfill, compost and burning.The advantage of incineration can significantly reduce garbage bulk and weight, and processing speed is fast, and the storage life is short; Also recyclable part is hot simultaneously, realizes clean disposal, for the energy-saving and emission-reduction cause of country is contributed share by rationalization's burning and fume treatment.
The domestic type of furnace for waste incineration has following several substantially at present:
Mechanical kiln grate furnace: it is the promotion by motion fire grate, makes rubbish constantly shear, stirs, thus sequentially passes through dry igniting section, burning segment, and the refuse without after-flame is constantly exposed in flame, and reach and burn completely, slag discharges out of the furnace through ash pit.
Kiln: CIU system is derived from oneself and is widely used in lining of fire brick revolution calcination kiln design in cement industry.Rubbish, by tilt and above the rotary kiln of slow circumvolve, front end is sent into, controls rubbish pace by rotary speed, make rubbish complete in course of conveying forward in kiln thousand dry, burn and the process of ash cooling, and the rear lime-ash of cooling is discharged by stove lower ends.The whole body of heater of rotary kiln can be formed barrel-shaped by cooling water pipe and porose Plate Welding, and also can install fire prevention lining additional by steel drum inside and form, body of heater tilts downwards, is divided into drying and burning and after-combustion three section, and by the special wheel support in rear and front end.Special wheel is then supported by four rolling, the rotating furnace body by chain sprocket driving device rotating wheel, and rubbish, on body of heater, obtains good stirring and being fed forward because of rotation, and preheated air passes porose steel plate in kiln by bottom, and garbage energy is burnt completely.
Fluid bed furnace: fluid bed furnace combustion technology be this century early sixties obtain a kind of Novel clean combustion technology of developing rapidly.The essential characteristic of the incinerator of this technology is adopted to be to be furnished with in lower furnace portion the air distribution plate of heatproof, the inert particle of heat-carrying plate is equipped with, by cloth wind under bed, inert particle is made to be boiling-like, form fluid bed section, above fluid bed section, be provided with sufficiently high burning segment (i.e. suspension section).
Several type of furnace above, equipment is complicated, and operating cost is high, and specific investment cost is higher, is suitable for large-scale process, is not suitable for the process of residents in rural community.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, provides a kind of residents in rural community CIU.This residents in rural community CIU structure is simple, easy to use, and residents in rural community can be made to be fully burned, and cost of manufacture is low, is convenient to apply in rural area.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: residents in rural community CIU, it is characterized in that: comprise incinerator and secondary combustion chamber, the upper end of described incinerator is provided with the storage bin for storing pending rubbish, the discharging opening of described storage bin is provided with revolving top, fire grate is provided with in described incinerator, the top rubbish be provided with for being exported by revolving top of described fire grate is delivered to the conveying passage of fire grate, the rotating shaft be rotationally connected with its diapire is provided with in described incinerator, described fire grate is fixedly mounted in described rotating shaft, described rotating shaft is tubulose, the first biogas input pipe for leading to fire grate is provided with in described rotating shaft, first air input passage of leading to fire grate is formed between described first biogas input pipe and rotating shaft, the first igniter is provided with on described fire grate and near the first biogas input pipe port of export, the actuating unit for driving fire grate to rotate is provided with in described incinerator, the furnace chamber of described incinerator is communicated with the furnace chamber of secondary combustion chamber by flue gas delivery pipe, described secondary combustion chamber is provided with the second biogas input pipe and the second air input passage, described second biogas input pipe is provided with secondary igniter, described secondary combustion chamber is provided with fume emission mouth.
Above-mentioned residents in rural community CIU, is characterized in that: comprise wet scrubber, and described fume emission mouth is connected with wet scrubber by smoke discharge pipe.
Above-mentioned residents in rural community CIU, it is characterized in that: bottom the furnace chamber of described incinerator, be provided with the residue district for holding and cool incineration residue, the sidewall of described incinerator be provided with the slag-drip opening for being discharged by the residue in residue district and be used for the ash gate of closed described slag-drip opening.
Above-mentioned residents in rural community CIU, is characterized in that: described actuating unit comprising the worm gear be fixedly mounted in described rotating shaft, being arranged on described worm gear side and the worm screw be meshed with described worm gear and the motor for driving described worm screw to rotate.
Above-mentioned residents in rural community CIU, is characterized in that: the sidewall of described incinerator is provided with watch window.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, structure of the present utility model is simple, rationally novel in design.
2, the utility model is owing to adopting biogas as combustion adjuvant, and then provide a large amount of energy for burning, and then the temperature improved while waste incineration in incinerator, reduce the generation of toxic pollutant, and biogas carries out secondary burning as combustion adjuvant to flue gas in second-time burning indoor, the discharge of further minimizing toxic and harmful, can make rubbish reach by the cooperation of incinerator and secondary combustion chamber and burn thoroughly.
3, the utility model is by arranging wet scrubber, and the flue gas of discharge carries out dedusting and cooling through wet scrubber to flue gas, makes flue gas reach discharge standard.
4, of the present utility model to realize cost low, and result of use is good, is convenient to promote the use of.
In sum, the utility model structure is simple, and rationally novel in design, functional reliability is high, long service life, and waste incineration is effective, is convenient to promote the use of.
Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Description of reference numerals:
1-storage bin; 2-revolving top; 3-incinerator;
4-conveying passage; 5-fire grate; 6-watch window;
7-residue district; 8-ash gate; 9-the first igniter;
10-worm gear; 11-rotating shaft; 12-the second bearing;
13-the first air input passage; 14-the first biogas input pipe; 15-clutch shaft bearing;
16-worm screw; 17-motor; 18-support;
19-flue gas delivery pipe; 20-secondary combustion chamber; 21-the second biogas input pipe;
22-secondary igniter; 23-the second air input passage; 24-fume emission mouth;
25-smoke discharge pipe; 26-wet scrubber.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of residents in rural community CIU as shown in Figure 1, comprise incinerator 3 and the secondary combustion chamber 20 being arranged on described incinerator 3 side, the upper end of described incinerator 3 is provided with the storage bin 1 for storing pending rubbish, the discharging opening of described storage bin 1 is provided with revolving top 2, fire grate 5 is provided with in described incinerator 3, the top rubbish be provided with for being exported by revolving top 2 of described fire grate 5 is delivered to the conveying passage 4 of fire grate 5, the rotating shaft 11 be rotationally connected with its diapire is provided with in described incinerator 3, described fire grate 5 is fixedly mounted in described rotating shaft 11, described rotating shaft 11 is tubulose, the first biogas input pipe 14 for leading to fire grate 5 is provided with in described rotating shaft 11, first air input passage 13 of leading to fire grate 5 is formed between described first biogas input pipe 14 and rotating shaft 11, the first igniter 9 is provided with on described fire grate 5 and near first biogas input pipe 14 port of export, the actuating unit for driving fire grate 5 to rotate is provided with in described incinerator 3, the furnace chamber of described incinerator 3 is communicated by the furnace chamber of flue gas delivery pipe 19 with secondary combustion chamber 20, described secondary combustion chamber 20 is provided with the second biogas input pipe 21 and the second air input passage 23, described second biogas input pipe 21 is provided with secondary igniter 22, described secondary combustion chamber 20 is provided with fume emission mouth 24.
As shown in Figure 1, be provided with the residue district 7 for holding and cool incineration residue bottom the furnace chamber of described incinerator 3, the sidewall of described incinerator 3 be provided with the slag-drip opening for being discharged by the residue in residue district 7 and be used for the ash gate 8 of closed described slag-drip opening.
In the present embodiment, this residents in rural community CIU in use, rubbish in storage bin 1 enters in conveying passage 4 after revolving top 2 is uniformly distributed, described conveying passage 4 is provided with opening, high-temperature gas in incinerator 3 carries out drying and pyrolysis to the rubbish in conveying passage 4, moisture evaporation in rubbish, then the organic substance decomposing in rubbish is carbon monoxide, the combustibles such as gaseous hydrocarbons, rubbish subsequently in conveying passage 4 is from top to bottom delivered on fire grate 5, i.e. residue (the tar liquid of pyrolytic gasification, the inorganic dirt that purer carbon element and rubbish itself contain and inert substance etc.) sink to fire grate 5 Thorough combustion, namely the biogas of the first biogas input pipe 14 output is lighted by the first igniter 9, thus high temperature incineration is carried out to the rubbish on fire grate 5, because fire grate 5 can rotate, thus can mechanical crushing be carried out to rubbish and then reach clean-burning object, temperature can up to more than 850 DEG C, its partial heat is used to provide pyrolysis and dry institute energy requirement.The residue produced that burns completely enters residue district 7.The flue gas produced after burning is delivered to the furnace chamber of secondary combustion chamber 20 through the furnace chamber of incinerator 3 by flue gas delivery pipe 19, light biogas and then carry out secondary burning to flue gas by secondary igniter 22.
In the present embodiment, owing to adopting biogas as combustion adjuvant, and then provide a large amount of energy for burning, and then the temperature improved while waste incineration in incinerator 3, reduce the generation of toxic pollutant, and in secondary combustion chamber 20, as combustion adjuvant, secondary burning is carried out to flue gas with biogas, reduce further the discharge of toxic and harmful, rubbish can be made to reach by the cooperation of incinerator 3 and secondary combustion chamber 20 and burn thoroughly.
As shown in Figure 1, this residents in rural community CIU also comprises wet scrubber 26, and described fume emission mouth 24 is connected with wet scrubber 26 by smoke discharge pipe 25.
In the present embodiment, by arranging wet scrubber 26, the flue gas of discharge carries out dedusting and cooling through wet scrubber 26 pairs of flue gases, makes flue gas reach discharge standard.
As shown in Figure 1, described actuating unit comprising the worm gear 10 be fixedly mounted in described rotating shaft 11, being arranged on described worm gear 10 side and the worm screw 16 be meshed with described worm gear 10 and the motor 17 for driving described worm screw 16 to rotate.Drive fire grate 5 to rotate by worm-and-wheel gear, implement very convenient.
In the present embodiment, in order to better supporting revolving shaft 11, be provided with support 18 at incinerator 3 internal fixtion, described support 18 be provided with the clutch shaft bearing 15 be enclosed within rotating shaft 11, the diapire of described incinerator 3 is provided with the second bearing 12 passed for rotating shaft 11.
As shown in Figure 1, the sidewall of described incinerator 3 is provided with watch window 6, thus handled easily personnel carry out Real Time Observation.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not the utility model is imposed any restrictions; every above embodiment is done according to the utility model technical spirit any simple modification, change and equivalent structure transformation, all still belong in the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. residents in rural community CIU, it is characterized in that: comprise incinerator (3) and secondary combustion chamber (20), the upper end of described incinerator (3) is provided with the storage bin (1) for storing pending rubbish, the discharging opening of described storage bin (1) is provided with revolving top (2), fire grate (5) is provided with in described incinerator (3), the top rubbish be provided with for being exported by revolving top (2) of described fire grate (5) is delivered to the conveying passage (4) of fire grate (5), the rotating shaft (11) be rotationally connected with its diapire is provided with in described incinerator (3), described fire grate (5) is fixedly mounted in described rotating shaft (11), described rotating shaft (11) is tubulose, the first biogas input pipe (14) for leading to fire grate (5) is provided with in described rotating shaft (11), first air input passage (13) of leading to fire grate (5) is formed between described first biogas input pipe (14) and rotating shaft (11), described fire grate (5) is upper and close first biogas input pipe (14) port of export is provided with the first igniter (9), the actuating unit for driving fire grate (5) to rotate is provided with in described incinerator (3), the furnace chamber of described incinerator (3) is communicated by the furnace chamber of flue gas delivery pipe (19) with secondary combustion chamber (20), described secondary combustion chamber (20) is provided with the second biogas input pipe (21) and the second air input passage (23), described second biogas input pipe (21) is provided with secondary igniter (22), described secondary combustion chamber (20) is provided with fume emission mouth (24).
2. residents in rural community CIU according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: comprise wet scrubber (26), described fume emission mouth (24) is connected with wet scrubber (26) by smoke discharge pipe (25).
3. residents in rural community CIU according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: bottom the furnace chamber of described incinerator (3), be provided with the residue district (7) for holding and cool incineration residue, the sidewall of described incinerator (3) being provided with the slag-drip opening for being discharged by the residue in residue district (7) and the ash gate (8) for closing described slag-drip opening.
4. residents in rural community CIU according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described actuating unit comprising the worm gear (10) be fixedly mounted in described rotating shaft (11), being arranged on described worm gear (10) side and the worm screw (16) be meshed with described worm gear (10) and the motor (17) for driving described worm screw (16) to rotate.
5. residents in rural community CIU according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the sidewall of described incinerator (3) is provided with watch window (6).
CN201520271480.5U 2015-04-29 2015-04-29 Residents in rural community CIU Expired - Fee Related CN204648254U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520271480.5U CN204648254U (en) 2015-04-29 2015-04-29 Residents in rural community CIU

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520271480.5U CN204648254U (en) 2015-04-29 2015-04-29 Residents in rural community CIU

Publications (1)

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CN204648254U true CN204648254U (en) 2015-09-16

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105240857A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-13 重庆光煦科技有限公司 Solid waste disposal equipment
CN105402733A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-16 鹤山市凤台菱精密铸造有限公司 Garbage incinerator
CN105423309A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-23 鹤山市凤台菱精密铸造有限公司 Combustion preheating device
CN105444187A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-30 鹤山市凤台菱精密铸造有限公司 Waste incineration afterheat recovery device
CN105570899A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-05-11 鹤山市凤台菱精密铸造有限公司 Environment-friendly and energy-saving garbage incineration treatment system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105240857A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-13 重庆光煦科技有限公司 Solid waste disposal equipment
CN105240857B (en) * 2015-10-21 2018-12-28 绍兴金创意塑化电器有限公司 A kind of solid waste material treating device
CN105402733A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-16 鹤山市凤台菱精密铸造有限公司 Garbage incinerator
CN105423309A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-23 鹤山市凤台菱精密铸造有限公司 Combustion preheating device
CN105444187A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-30 鹤山市凤台菱精密铸造有限公司 Waste incineration afterheat recovery device
CN105570899A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-05-11 鹤山市凤台菱精密铸造有限公司 Environment-friendly and energy-saving garbage incineration treatment system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150916

Termination date: 20160429