CN216445267U - Environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device - Google Patents

Environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216445267U
CN216445267U CN202122310144.5U CN202122310144U CN216445267U CN 216445267 U CN216445267 U CN 216445267U CN 202122310144 U CN202122310144 U CN 202122310144U CN 216445267 U CN216445267 U CN 216445267U
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China
Prior art keywords
stirring
rotating
transmission
rotating shaft
fermentation chamber
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CN202122310144.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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董琼娥
田云霞
张振荣
田霄
林峰莹
汪威
谭海燕
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Kunming institute of agricultural sciences
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Kunming institute of agricultural sciences
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

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  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of agricultural waste fermentation, and provides an environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device which comprises a fermentation tank, wherein a fermentation chamber is arranged in the fermentation tank, a rotating shaft and a first stirring unit are arranged in the fermentation chamber, the first stirring unit comprises a plurality of first stirring rods which are axially distributed at intervals along the rotating shaft, a second stirring unit is also arranged in the fermentation chamber, the second stirring unit comprises a plurality of second stirring rods which are distributed at intervals along the vertical direction, and the plurality of first stirring rods and the plurality of second stirring rods are arranged in a staggered manner; the stirring device further comprises a driving unit, and the driving unit is used for simultaneously driving the first stirring rod and the second stirring rod to rotate. According to the utility model, through arranging the first stirring rod and the second stirring rod which rotate in opposite directions, materials in the fermentation chamber can be stirred more fully by utilizing the cooperation effect of the two stirring rods, and the stirring effect is improved.

Description

Environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of agricultural waste fermentation, in particular to an environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device.
Background
Agricultural waste is a general term for waste discharged in agricultural production, agricultural product processing, livestock and poultry breeding and rural resident life, and in order to realize waste utilization, the agricultural waste is usually put into a fermentation tank for fermentation in the prior art, so that a reusable organic fertilizer is generated.
Considering that agricultural wastes are various, in order to improve the fermentation effect, a corresponding stirring mechanism is arranged in the conventional fermentation tank to stir the agricultural wastes. The rabbling mechanism in current fermentation cylinder single structure often drives through the motor and rotates the epaxial puddler of commentaries on classics, however only utilizes the epaxial puddler of commentaries on classics to stir often to be difficult to realize intensive mixing, and stirring effect is unsatisfactory.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide an environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device, which can be used for fully stirring materials in a fermentation chamber and improving the stirring effect by arranging a first stirring rod and a second stirring rod with opposite rotation directions.
The embodiment of the utility model is realized by the following technical scheme:
an environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device comprises a fermentation tank, wherein a fermentation chamber is arranged in the fermentation tank, a rotating shaft and a first stirring unit are arranged in the fermentation chamber, the first stirring unit comprises a plurality of first stirring rods which are distributed at intervals along the axial direction of the rotating shaft, a second stirring unit is further arranged in the fermentation chamber, the second stirring unit comprises a plurality of second stirring rods which are distributed at intervals along the vertical direction, and the plurality of first stirring rods and the plurality of second stirring rods are arranged in a staggered mode;
the stirring device also comprises a driving unit, wherein the driving unit is used for driving the first stirring rod and the second stirring rod to rotate simultaneously; when the first stirring rod rotates, the second stirring rod rotates by taking the rotating shaft as a center, and the rotating direction of the second stirring rod is opposite to that of the first stirring rod.
Optionally, the driving unit includes a motor, a transmission assembly and a rotating bracket, the motor is disposed at the top of the fermentation tank, and one end of the rotating shaft extends out of the fermentation tank and is in transmission connection with the motor;
the rotating support is arranged in the fermentation chamber and is rotationally connected with the top in the fermentation chamber, the rotating support is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft through the transmission assembly, when the rotating shaft rotates, the rotating support rotates by taking the rotating shaft as a center, and the rotating direction of the rotating support is opposite to that of the rotating shaft;
the second stirring unit further comprises a connecting rod; one end of the connecting rod is connected with the rotating bracket, and the other end of the connecting rod extends along the vertical direction; the second stirring rods are arranged on the connecting rod at intervals.
Furthermore, the transmission assembly comprises an inner gear ring, a connecting piece, a transmission shaft and a transmission gear, the rotating support is annular, the inner gear ring is positioned in the rotating support, and the inner gear ring is connected with the rotating support through the connecting piece;
the rotating shaft is sleeved with a driving gear, and the transmission gear is positioned between the inner gear ring and the driving gear; one side of the transmission gear is meshed with the driving gear, and the other side of the transmission gear is meshed with the inner gear ring; one end of the transmission shaft is rotatably connected with the top in the fermentation chamber, and the transmission gear is sleeved on the transmission shaft.
Furthermore, the inner top of the fermentation chamber is provided with an annular sliding groove, and the top surface of the rotating support is provided with an annular sliding strip matched with the annular sliding groove.
Optionally, the fermentation tank top is equipped with the air exhauster, the air exhauster with be connected with the exhaust tube between the fermentation chamber, the inside filter unit that is used for filtering gas that is equipped with of exhaust tube.
Furthermore, the filter unit comprises a drying filter screen and an active carbon filter screen which are sequentially arranged along the air movement direction.
Furthermore, a valve is connected to the exhaust tube.
The technical scheme of the embodiment of the utility model at least has the following advantages and beneficial effects:
the fermentation chamber is reasonable in design, and the first stirring rod and the second stirring rod which rotate in opposite directions are arranged, so that materials in the fermentation chamber can be stirred more fully under the cooperation effect of the two stirring rods, and the stirring effect is improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a waste treatment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a top view of a driving unit according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Icon: 1-fermentation tank, 101-fermentation chamber, 102-feeding port, 103-discharging port, 2-rotating shaft, 3-first stirring rod, 4-second stirring rod, 5-motor, 6-rotating bracket, 601-annular slide bar, 7-inner gear ring, 8-connecting piece, 9-transmission shaft, 10-transmission gear, 11-driving gear, 12-connecting rod, 13-exhaust fan, 14-exhaust tube, 15-drying filter screen and 16-active carbon filter screen.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. The components of embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, it need not be further defined and explained in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that if the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate an orientation or positional relationship based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings or the orientation or positional relationship which is usually placed when the product of this application is used, the description is merely for convenience and simplicity of description, and it is not intended to indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be further noted that unless otherwise explicitly stated or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "connected" should be construed broadly and may include, for example, a fixed connection, a detachable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Examples
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the embodiment provides an environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment apparatus, including a fermentation tank 1 having a fermentation chamber 101 therein, and a feed inlet 102 and a discharge outlet 103 respectively disposed at the top and the bottom of the fermentation tank 1 and communicated with the fermentation chamber 101, so as to facilitate feeding materials into the fermentation chamber 101 or discharging fermented materials. Wherein the inlet 102 is closable after the addition of the material and the outlet 103 is provided with a corresponding valve so that the fermentation chamber 101 is in a relatively closed space during the fermentation process.
Be equipped with pivot 2 and first stirring unit in the fermentation chamber 101, this pivot 2 vertical settings just can free rotation, and the bottom rotates in the bottom of pivot 2 and the fermentation chamber 101 to be connected to stability when improving pivot 2 and rotating. First stirring unit includes a plurality of axial interval distribution along pivot 2 and sets up first puddler 3 in pivot 2, still is equipped with second stirring unit in the fermentation chamber 101, and second stirring unit includes a plurality of second puddlers 4 along vertical direction interval distribution, and a plurality of first puddlers 3 set up with a plurality of second puddlers 4 are crisscross. In this embodiment, the number of the first stirring units and the number of the second stirring units are two, and the first stirring rod 3 and the second stirring rod 4 are both horizontally arranged.
In addition, the waste treatment device further comprises a driving unit which is used for simultaneously driving the first stirring rod 3 and the second stirring rod 4 to rotate.
Specifically, the drive unit includes motor 5, drive assembly and rotates support 6, and 1 top in fermentation cylinder is located to motor 5, and 2 one end of pivot extend to fermentation cylinder 1 outside back and be connected through the shaft coupling transmission between motor 5 to drive pivot 2 through motor 5 and rotate.
Inside rotating bracket 6 located fermentation chamber 101, the top was equipped with annular spout in the fermentation chamber 101, rotating bracket 6 top surface be equipped with the annular slide 601 of annular spout adaptation, through setting up annular slide 601 slip in annular spout for rotating bracket 6 can be in the inside free rotation of fermentation chamber 101. Preferably, the annular sliding groove is of a T-shaped structure to improve the stability of the rotating bracket 6. And the rotating bracket 6 is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft 2 through a transmission component, so that the rotating bracket 6 is driven to rotate reversely through the rotating shaft 2.
With continued reference to fig. 2, the transmission assembly comprises an inner gear ring 7, a connecting piece 8, a transmission shaft 9 and a transmission gear 10, the rotating bracket 6 is annular, the inner gear ring 7 is positioned inside the rotating bracket 6, and the inner gear ring 7 is connected with the rotating bracket 6 through the connecting piece 8; a driving gear 11 is sleeved on the rotating shaft 2, and a transmission gear 10 is positioned between the inner gear ring 7 and the driving gear 11; one side of the transmission gear 10 is meshed with the driving gear 11, and the other side of the transmission gear 10 is meshed with the inner gear ring 7; one end of the transmission shaft 9 is rotatably connected with the top part in the fermentation chamber 101, and the transmission gear 10 is sleeved on the transmission shaft 9 and rotates coaxially with the transmission shaft 9. Furthermore, the second stirring unit also comprises a connecting rod 12; one end of the connecting rod 12 is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the rotating bracket 6, and the other end of the connecting rod 12 extends along the vertical direction; a plurality of second agitating bars 4 are provided at intervals on the connecting bar 12.
It should be noted that, in the actual implementation process, the transmission shaft 9 and the transmission gear 10 used in cooperation therewith may be provided in plural, and the plural transmission shafts 9 and the transmission gear 10 are distributed along the circumferential array of the driving gear 11, so as to achieve a better transmission effect. The number of the transmission shafts 9 and the transmission gears 10 of the present embodiment is two, and the transmission shafts and the transmission gears are symmetrically distributed on two sides of the driving gear 11.
Through the arrangement, after the materials are added into the fermentation chamber 101, the motor 5 is started, the motor 5 drives the rotating shaft 2 to rotate, and therefore the rotating shaft 2 drives the first stirring rod 3 to rotate; meanwhile, the rotating shaft 2 drives the driving gear 11 to rotate coaxially with the driving gear 11, the driving gear 11 drives the inner gear ring 7 to rotate through the transmission gear 10, the rotating bracket 6 is driven to rotate through the inner gear ring 7, and the rotating bracket 6 can drive the connecting rod 12 and the second stirring rod 4 to rotate. It can be understood that, based on the gear transmission principle, the rotation direction of the inner gear ring 7 is opposite to the rotation direction of the rotating shaft 2, so that when the rotating shaft 2 rotates, the rotating bracket 6 rotates around the rotating shaft 2, and the rotation direction of the rotating bracket 6 is opposite to the rotation direction of the rotating shaft 2; at this time, the first stirring rod 3 is driven by the rotating shaft 2 to rotate, the second stirring rod 4 is driven by the rotating bracket 6 to rotate by taking the rotating shaft 2 as a center, and the rotating direction of the second stirring rod 4 is opposite to that of the first stirring rod 3.
Therefore, in the embodiment, the first stirring rod 3 and the second stirring rod 4 with opposite rotation directions are arranged, so that the materials in the fermentation chamber 101 can be stirred more sufficiently by the cooperation of the two stirring rods, and the stirring effect is improved.
Further, considering that the materials in the fermentation chamber 101 often generate harmful gases during the fermentation process, the direct discharge of these gases will pollute the atmosphere. Therefore, with reference to fig. 1, the top of the fermentation tank 1 of the present embodiment is provided with an exhaust fan 13, an exhaust pipe 14 is connected between the exhaust fan 13 and the fermentation chamber 101, and a filtering unit for filtering gas is provided inside the exhaust pipe 14. Meanwhile, a valve is connected to the exhaust pipe 14, and the valve is disposed in front of the filter unit to be closer to the fermentation chamber 101, and the filter unit includes a drying screen 15 and an activated carbon screen 16 which are sequentially disposed in a gas movement direction.
When the gas in the fermentation chamber 101 needs to be discharged, the valve on the exhaust pipe 14 is opened and the exhaust fan 13 is started, at the moment, the gas in the fermentation chamber 101 enters the exhaust pipe 14 and sequentially passes through the drying filter screen 15 and the activated carbon filter screen 16, and partial harmful substances in the gas are adsorbed by the drying filter screen 15 and the activated carbon filter screen 16, so that the discharged gas is purified to a certain extent, and the fermentation chamber is green and environment-friendly.
In practice, a plurality of activated carbon sieves 16 may be disposed inside the exhaust pipe 14 along the moving direction of the gas to improve the purification effect.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes will occur to those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. An environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device comprises a fermentation tank, wherein a fermentation chamber is arranged in the fermentation tank, a rotating shaft and a first stirring unit are arranged in the fermentation chamber, the first stirring unit comprises a plurality of first stirring rods which are distributed at intervals along the axial direction of the rotating shaft, and the environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device is characterized in that a second stirring unit is also arranged in the fermentation chamber, the second stirring unit comprises a plurality of second stirring rods which are distributed at intervals along the vertical direction, and the plurality of first stirring rods and the plurality of second stirring rods are arranged in a staggered manner;
the driving unit is used for driving the first stirring rod and the second stirring rod to rotate simultaneously; when the first stirring rod rotates, the second stirring rod rotates by taking the rotating shaft as a center, and the rotating direction of the second stirring rod is opposite to that of the first stirring rod.
2. The environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the driving unit comprises a motor, a transmission assembly and a rotating bracket, the motor is arranged at the top of the fermentation tank, and one end of the rotating shaft extends out of the fermentation tank and is in transmission connection with the motor;
the rotating support is arranged in the fermentation chamber and is rotationally connected with the top in the fermentation chamber, the rotating support is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft through the transmission assembly, when the rotating shaft rotates, the rotating support rotates by taking the rotating shaft as a center, and the rotating direction of the rotating support is opposite to that of the rotating shaft;
the second stirring unit further comprises a connecting rod; one end of the connecting rod is connected with the rotating bracket, and the other end of the connecting rod extends along the vertical direction; the second stirring rods are arranged on the connecting rod at intervals.
3. The environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device according to claim 2, wherein the transmission assembly comprises an annular gear, a connecting piece, a transmission shaft and a transmission gear, the rotating bracket is annular, the annular gear is located inside the rotating bracket, and the annular gear is connected with the rotating bracket through the connecting piece;
the rotating shaft is sleeved with a driving gear, and the transmission gear is positioned between the inner gear ring and the driving gear; one side of the transmission gear is meshed with the driving gear, and the other side of the transmission gear is meshed with the inner gear ring; one end of the transmission shaft is rotatably connected with the top in the fermentation chamber, and the transmission gear is sleeved on the transmission shaft.
4. The environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device according to claim 2, wherein an annular chute is formed in the inner top of the fermentation chamber, and an annular slide bar adapted to the annular chute is formed in the top surface of the rotating bracket.
5. The environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein an exhaust fan is arranged at the top of the fermentation tank, an exhaust pipe is connected between the exhaust fan and the fermentation chamber, and a filtering unit for filtering gas is arranged in the exhaust pipe.
6. The environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device according to claim 5, wherein the filter unit comprises a drying filter screen and an activated carbon filter screen which are arranged in sequence along the gas movement direction.
7. The environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device according to claim 5, wherein a valve is connected to the exhaust pipe.
CN202122310144.5U 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 Environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device Active CN216445267U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122310144.5U CN216445267U (en) 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 Environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122310144.5U CN216445267U (en) 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 Environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216445267U true CN216445267U (en) 2022-05-06

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ID=81350308

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122310144.5U Active CN216445267U (en) 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 Environment-friendly agricultural waste treatment device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216445267U (en)

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