CN218491639U - Kitchen residue biogas residue layered aerobic composting device - Google Patents

Kitchen residue biogas residue layered aerobic composting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN218491639U
CN218491639U CN202222818229.9U CN202222818229U CN218491639U CN 218491639 U CN218491639 U CN 218491639U CN 202222818229 U CN202222818229 U CN 202222818229U CN 218491639 U CN218491639 U CN 218491639U
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tank body
linkage shaft
assembly
layered
shaft
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CN202222818229.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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刘力栗
易志刚
彭星
谢松
皮勇杰
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Hunan Renhe Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Hunan Renhe Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kitchen residue biogas residue layered aerobic composting device, which comprises a tank body, a driving mechanism and a plurality of composting mechanisms. The tank body is a hollow cylinder with openings at two ends, and the tank body is vertically arranged. The driving mechanism comprises a driving assembly and a linkage shaft, the driving assembly is arranged on the tank body, the linkage shaft is vertically arranged in the tank body, the driving assembly is connected with the linkage shaft, and the driving assembly can drive the linkage shaft to rotate and move up and down. A plurality of composting mechanisms are arranged in the tank body at intervals along the vertical direction, and each composting mechanism comprises a supporting component and a pile turning component. The supporting component is connected with the inner wall of the tank body and used for stacking kitchen waste biogas residues. The pile turning assembly is rotatably arranged on the supporting assembly, and the linkage shaft can be connected with the pile turning assembly to drive the pile turning assembly to rotate. The plurality of composting mechanisms divide the tank body into a plurality of independent spaces, and the space of the tank body is effectively utilized. The turning assembly turns and stirs the kitchen residue on each supporting assembly, so that the materials are uniformly mixed and the oxygen is sufficient.

Description

Kitchen residue biogas residue layered aerobic composting device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a composting device technical field especially relates to a kitchen residue natural pond sediment layer-stepping good oxygen composting device.
Background
The aerobic composting is a process of performing biodegradation on organic matters in the kitchen biogas residues by using aerobic microorganisms in the kitchen biogas residues under the condition of certain temperature and oxygen. Compared with anaerobic composting, aerobic composting has the advantages of less investment, low cost, short composting period, good fertilizer efficiency of composting products, high economic benefit and the like.
However, under the conditions of the existing composting device, the raw materials are not uniformly mixed, and the phenomena of material agglomeration, low oxygen utilization rate and high ventilation difficulty are easy to occur in the composting process; in addition, the existing composting device directly stacks the kitchen residue in the tank body, the space utilization of the tank body is low, and the problem that the floor area of the composting device is large is solved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Technical problem to be solved
In view of the above disadvantages and deficiencies of the prior art, the utility model provides a kitchen waste biogas residue layered aerobic composting device, which solves the technical problems of large occupied area, uneven mixing of raw materials and large ventilation difficulty of the composting device.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the above purpose, the layered aerobic composting device for kitchen waste biogas residues of the utility model comprises:
the tank body is a hollow cylinder with openings at two ends and is vertically arranged;
the driving mechanism comprises a driving assembly and a linkage shaft, the driving assembly is arranged on the tank body, the linkage shaft is vertically arranged in the tank body, the driving assembly is connected with the linkage shaft, and the driving assembly can drive the linkage shaft to rotate and move up and down; and (c) a second step of,
the composting mechanisms are arranged in the tank body at intervals along the vertical direction and comprise supporting components and turning components; the supporting component is connected with the inner wall of the tank body and used for stacking kitchen biogas residues; the pile turning assembly is rotatably arranged on the supporting assembly, and the linkage shaft can be connected with the pile turning assembly to drive the pile turning assembly to rotate.
Optionally, the pile-turning assembly comprises a sleeve, a first gear and a plurality of stirring units;
the sleeve is rotatably connected with the supporting assembly, and the stirring units are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the sleeve;
the first gear is sleeved on the linkage shaft, the sleeve is vertically arranged, a first tooth groove matched with the first gear is formed in the sleeve, and the first gear is sleeved in the first tooth groove.
Optionally, the stirring unit comprises a scraper, a toothed stirring blade, a first connecting piece and a second connecting piece;
the scraping plate and the toothed stirring blades are rotationally connected with the first connecting piece, and the linkage shaft can be in driving connection with the first connecting piece;
the scraping plate and the toothed stirring blades are rotatably connected with the second connecting piece, and the second connecting piece is rotatably connected with the sleeve.
Optionally, the first connecting piece comprises a first connecting arm, a driving shaft, a first bevel gear and a second bevel gear, and the second connecting piece comprises a second connecting arm and a driven shaft;
a first mounting hole and a second mounting hole are formed in the sleeve, the central axes of the first mounting hole and the second mounting hole pass through the central axis of the linkage shaft, and the first mounting hole is located below the second mounting hole;
the driving shaft is rotatably sleeved in the first mounting hole, and the driven shaft is rotatably arranged in the second mounting hole;
the first bevel gear is sleeved on the linkage shaft, the second bevel gear is sleeved at the first end of the driving shaft, and the first bevel gear can be meshed with the second bevel gear after the linkage shaft moves downwards for a second set distance;
the first connecting arm is connected with the second end of the driving shaft, and the second connecting arm is connected with the driven shaft;
the first ends of the first connecting arm and the second connecting arm are rotatably connected with the scraper, and the second ends of the first connecting arm and the second connecting arm are rotatably connected with the toothed stirring blade.
Optionally, the toothed stirring blade includes a mounting arm and a plurality of upper scraping teeth disposed on the mounting arm at intervals, and the second ends of the first connecting arm and the second connecting arm are both rotatably connected to the mounting arm.
Optionally, the support assembly comprises a first spacer, a second spacer and a second gear;
the first partition plate is connected with the inner wall of the tank body, and a plurality of first through holes are uniformly formed in the first partition plate;
the second partition plate is rotatably connected with the first partition plate and is abutted against the lower surface of the first partition plate, a plurality of second through holes are uniformly formed in the second partition plate, and the positions of the plurality of first through holes and the plurality of second through holes can correspond to one another one by one;
the second gear is sleeved on the linkage shaft, a second tooth groove matched with the second gear is formed in the second partition plate, and the second gear can be sleeved in the second tooth groove after the linkage shaft moves upwards for a set distance.
Optionally, the drive assembly comprises a motor and an electric lifting platform;
the electric lifting platform is horizontally arranged on the tank body, the motor is arranged on the electric lifting platform, and the linkage shaft is rotationally connected with the electric lifting platform;
and a rotating shaft of the motor is connected with the linkage shaft to drive the linkage shaft to rotate.
Optionally, an end plate is arranged at the upper end of the tank body, a feed port and a third mounting hole are formed in the end plate, and the linkage shaft is sleeved in the third mounting hole;
the lower end opening of the tank body is connected with a conical funnel, and a discharge opening is formed in the conical funnel.
Optionally, the position that corresponds every compost mechanism on the jar body has all been seted up vent and waste gas and has been collected the mouth, the vent is connected with the fan, waste gas is collected the mouth and is connected with odor treatment equipment.
Optionally, a temperature sensor is arranged in the tank.
(III) advantageous effects
A plurality of compost mechanisms are arranged in the tank body at intervals along the vertical direction, the tank body is divided into a plurality of independent spaces, and each independent space can be used for stacking kitchen residue and biogas residues, so that the space of the tank body is effectively utilized.
The turning assemblies of the composting mechanisms are driven to rotate by the linkage shafts simultaneously, so that the kitchen waste biogas residues on each supporting assembly are turned and stirred, the kitchen waste biogas residues are fully and uniformly mixed, the kitchen waste biogas residues are prevented from being hardened, and the efficiency and the effect of aerobic composting are effectively improved; the kitchen residues on the supporting component are loosened through stirring and pile turning, and the ventilation difficulty is reduced. And moreover, the space of the tank body is effectively utilized on the premise of ensuring the aerobic reaction through layered stacking and turning stirring. When kitchen biogas residues with the same volume are treated, the volume of the tank body required by adopting layered composting is smaller, and the occupied area of the tank body is further reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of a layered aerobic composting device for kitchen waste and biogas residues;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a composting mechanism of the kitchen waste biogas residue layered aerobic composting device of the utility model;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the layered aerobic composting device for kitchen waste biogas residues of the present invention;
FIG. 4 isbase:Sub>A cross-sectional view taken along the line A-A in FIG. 3;
fig. 5 is an enlarged view at B in fig. 4.
[ description of reference ]
1: a tank body; 11: an end plate; 12: a feed inlet; 13: a conical funnel; 14: a vent; 15: an exhaust gas collection port;
2: a linkage shaft;
3: a composting mechanism;
31: a support assembly; 311: a first separator; 312: a second separator; 313: a second gear; 314: a second tooth slot;
32: a pile turning assembly; 321: a sleeve; 322: a first gear; 323: a first tooth slot; 324: a squeegee; 325: a toothed stirring blade; 326: a first connecting arm; 327: a drive shaft; 328: a first bevel gear; 329: a second bevel gear; 331: a second connecting arm; 332: a driven shaft; 333: mounting an arm; 334: and (5) scraping teeth.
Detailed Description
For a better understanding of the present invention, reference will now be made in detail to the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. In which the terms "upper", "lower", etc. are used herein with reference to the orientation of fig. 1.
While exemplary embodiments of the invention are shown in the drawings, it should be understood that the invention can be embodied in various forms and should not be limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the utility model provides a layered aerobic composting device of kitchen waste and biogas residues, which comprises a tank body 1, a driving mechanism and a plurality of composting mechanisms 3. The jar body 1 is the hollow circular cylinder of both ends open-ended, and jar body 1 vertical setting during the use. The driving mechanism comprises a driving assembly and a linkage shaft 2, the driving assembly is arranged on the tank body 1, the linkage shaft 2 is vertically arranged in the tank body 1, the driving assembly is connected with the linkage shaft 2, and the driving assembly can drive the linkage shaft 2 to rotate and move up and down. A plurality of compost mechanisms 3 are arranged in the tank body 1 at intervals along the vertical direction, the tank body 1 is divided into a plurality of independent spaces, and each independent space can be used for stacking kitchen waste biogas residues, so that the space of the tank body 1 is effectively utilized. The composting mechanism 3 comprises a supporting component 31 and a pile turning component 32, the supporting component 31 is connected with the inner wall of the tank body 1, and the supporting component 31 is used for stacking kitchen waste biogas residues. The stack turning assembly 32 is rotatably arranged on the support assembly 31, and the linkage shaft 2 can be connected with the stack turning assembly 32 to drive the stack turning assembly 32 to rotate. The pile turning components 32 of the composting mechanisms 3 are driven to rotate by the linkage shafts 2 simultaneously, so that the kitchen waste biogas residues on each supporting component 31 are turned and stirred, the kitchen waste biogas residues are fully and uniformly mixed, the kitchen waste biogas residues are prevented from being hardened, and the efficiency and the effect of aerobic composting are effectively improved; moreover, the space of the tank body 1 is effectively utilized on the premise of ensuring the aerobic reaction by layering stacking and turning stirring. The kitchen waste on the supporting component 31 is loosened by stirring and turning, so that the ventilation difficulty is reduced. When kitchen waste biogas residues with the same volume are treated, the volume of the tank body 1 required by adopting layered composting is smaller, and the floor area of the tank body 1 is further reduced.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the stack-turning assembly 32 includes a sleeve 321, a first gear 322, and a plurality of stirring units. Wherein, sleeve pipe 321 is connected through the bearing rotation with the first baffle 311 of supporting component 31, and a plurality of stirring units evenly set up on the outer wall of sleeve pipe 321 along the circumference of sleeve pipe 321, the utility model discloses preferably four stirring units, be apart from 90 between the adjacent stirring unit each other. The first gear 322 is sleeved on the linkage shaft 2, the first gear 322 is located in the sleeve 321, the sleeve 321 is vertically arranged, and a first tooth groove 323 matched with the first gear 322 is formed in the sleeve 321. The driving component drives the linkage shaft 2 to move up and down, and the linkage shaft 2 is switched among a first state, a second state and a third state; when the linkage shaft 2 is in the first state, the first gear 322 is sleeved in the first tooth groove 323, the linkage shaft 2 transmits power to the sleeve 321 through the first gear 322 and the first tooth groove 323 which are matched with each other, so that the sleeve 321 is driven to rotate, the sleeve 321 drives the stirring units to rotate, and kitchen residue biogas residues on the supporting component 31 are stirred and turned.
Further, as shown in fig. 4 and 5, the agitating unit includes a scraper 324, a toothed agitating blade 325, a first connecting member, and a second connecting member. The scraping plate 324 and the toothed stirring blade 325 are both rotationally connected with the first connecting piece, and the linkage shaft 2 can be in driving connection with the first connecting piece. The scraping plate 324 and the toothed stirring blade 325 are both rotatably connected to a second connecting member, which is rotatably connected to the sleeve 321. Specifically, the first coupling member includes a first coupling arm 326, a driving shaft 327, a first bevel gear 328, and a second bevel gear 329, and the second coupling member includes a second coupling arm 331 and a driven shaft 332. A first mounting hole and a second mounting hole are formed in the sleeve 321, the central axes of the first mounting hole and the second mounting hole are all through the central axis of the linkage shaft 2, and the first mounting hole is located right below the second mounting hole. The driving shaft 327 is rotatably disposed in the first mounting hole, and the driven shaft 332 is rotatably disposed in the second mounting hole. The first bevel gear 328 is sleeved on the linkage shaft 2, the second bevel gear 329 is sleeved on the first end of the driving shaft 327, after the driving assembly drives the linkage shaft 2 to move downwards from the first state by a second set distance, the linkage shaft 2 is in the second state, at this time, the first bevel gear 328 can be engaged with the second bevel gear 329, and the second set distance is a distance between the first bevel gear 328 and the second bevel gear 329 when the linkage shaft 2 is in the first state. The middle part of the first connecting arm 326 is fixedly connected with the second end of the driving shaft 327, the first connecting arm 326 rotates along with the driving shaft 327, the middle part of the second connecting arm 331 is fixedly connected with the driven shaft 332, and the second connecting arm 331 rotates along with the driven shaft 332. The first ends of the first connecting arm 326 and the second connecting arm 331 are rotatably connected with the side edge of the scraping plate 324, and the second ends of the first connecting arm 326 and the second connecting arm 331 are rotatably connected with the side edge of the tooth-shaped stirring blade 325. A parallelogram is formed by the first connecting arm 326, the second connecting arm 331, the side edge of the scraping plate 324 and the side edge of the dentate stirring blade 325; the driving shaft 327 limits the first connecting arm 326, the driven shaft 332 limits the second connecting arm 331, the first connecting arm 326 and the second connecting arm 331 can only rotate around the middle point of the first connecting arm 326 and the second connecting arm 331, and when the driving shaft 327 is driven to rotate by the linkage shaft 2, the scraping plate 324 and the toothed stirring blades 325 vertically move up and down, so that the driving shaft 327 can be driven to rotate by the connecting structure of the linkage shaft 2 in the second state, and further, the scraping plate 324 is selected to be used for paving the compost or the toothed stirring blades 325 are selected to be used for stirring, mixing and turning the compost; in addition, the height of the material compost can be adjusted by controlling the height of the scraper blades 324.
As shown in fig. 5, the tooth-shaped stirring blade 325 includes a mounting arm 333 and a plurality of upper scraping teeth 334 spaced apart from the mounting arm 333, and the second ends of the first connecting arm 326 and the second connecting arm 331 are rotatably connected to the mounting arm 333.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the support assembly 31 includes a first spacer 311, a second spacer 312, and a second gear 313, and both the first spacer 311 and the second spacer 312 are circular spacers. The first partition plate 311 is connected with the inner wall of the tank body 1 in a sealing manner, so that the inner space of the tank body 1 is divided into a plurality of independent spaces, and a plurality of first through holes are uniformly formed in the first partition plate 311. The kitchen waste biogas residues enter the tank body 1 from the top of the tank body 1 and are conveyed downwards through the first through holes in the first partition plates 311 in sequence until the kitchen waste biogas residues with set weight are stacked on each layer of the first partition plates 311, independent feeding of each layer of the first partition plates 311 is not needed, and operation difficulty is reduced. And when discharging, the materials on the first partition 311 are conveyed downwards from the first through hole and the second through hole until reaching the bottom of the tank body 1, and then are discharged. The second partition plate 312 is rotatably connected with the first partition plate 311, the second partition plate 312 abuts against the lower surface of the first partition plate 311, a plurality of second through holes are uniformly formed in the second partition plate 312, and the positions of the plurality of first through holes and the plurality of second through holes can be in one-to-one correspondence. The first through holes and the second through holes are fan-shaped holes which are uniformly distributed, when the second partition plate 312 rotates to a specific position, the first through holes and the second through holes are communicated in a one-to-one correspondence mode, at the moment, the supporting assemblies 31 are in an open state, kitchen residual biogas residues fed from the top of the tank body 1 can be conveyed downwards through the first through holes and the second through holes, raw materials are fed into one layer of supporting assemblies 31 at each time, discharging can be performed on each layer, the scraper 324 is matched to rotate, and scattered materials are scraped into the through holes to be discharged. When the second partition 312 rotates to make the first through holes and the second through holes staggered, the supporting component 31 is in a closed state to prevent kitchen biogas residues on the first partition 311 from continuously falling downwards, and at the moment, the first partition 311 is used for composting and aerobic fermentation. The second gear 313 is sleeved on the linkage shaft 2, a second tooth groove 314 matched with the second gear 313 is formed in the second partition plate 312, the drive mechanism drives the linkage shaft 2 to move upwards for a third set distance from the first state or a fourth set distance from the second state, the linkage shaft 2 is in the third state, at the moment, the second gear 313 is sleeved in the second tooth groove 314, and the gear is meshed with the inner wall of the tooth groove. The third set distance is a distance between the second gear 313 and the second tooth groove 314 in the first state, and the fourth set distance is a distance between the second gear 313 and the second tooth groove 314 in the second state. After the second gear 313 is engaged with the second gear groove 314, the driving mechanism can drive the second partition 312 to rotate when driving the linkage shaft 2 to rotate.
Preferably, the driving assembly includes a motor and an electric lifting platform, and the electric lifting platform is a conventional device, such as a scissor-type lifting platform, a chain type lifter, a loading and unloading platform, and is not described herein. The electric lifting platform is horizontally arranged on the tank body 1, the motor is arranged on the electric lifting platform, and the universal driving shaft 2 is rotatably connected with the electric lifting platform. When the electric lifting platform moves up and down, the motor and the linkage shaft 2 are driven to move up and down together, so that the linkage shaft 2 can be switched among a first state, a second state and a third state, and the motor and the linkage shaft 2 are always kept connected with the linkage shaft 2 in the up-and-down movement process so as to drive the linkage shaft 2 to rotate.
As shown in fig. 4, an end plate 11 is arranged at the upper end of the tank body 1, a feed inlet 12 and a third mounting hole are formed in the end plate 11, the linkage shaft 2 is sleeved in the third mounting hole, and the linkage shaft 2 can rotate and move up and down in the third mounting hole. The lower end opening of the tank body 1 is connected with a conical funnel 13, and the conical funnel 13 is provided with a discharge opening so as to facilitate discharging. The positions, corresponding to the composting mechanisms 3, of the tank body 1 are provided with air vents 14, and the air vents 14 are connected with a fan and used for conveying air into the tank body 1 so as to improve the oxygen concentration in each composting mechanism 3 in the tank body 1. The waste gas collecting port 15 is formed in the position, corresponding to each composting mechanism 3, on the tank body 1, the waste gas collecting port 15 is connected with odor treatment equipment, and the odor treatment equipment is conventional equipment and avoids odor from diffusing to pollute the environment in the air. Still be provided with temperature sensor in jar body 1 for the temperature in the monitoring jar body 1.
A plurality of compost mechanisms 3 are arranged in the tank body 1 at intervals along the vertical direction, the tank body 1 is divided into a plurality of independent spaces, and each independent space can be used for stacking kitchen waste biogas residues, so that the space of the tank body 1 is effectively utilized. The pile turning components 32 of the composting mechanisms 3 are driven to rotate by the linkage shafts 2 simultaneously, so that the kitchen waste biogas residues on each supporting component 31 are turned and stirred, the kitchen waste biogas residues are fully and uniformly mixed, the kitchen waste biogas residues are prevented from being hardened, and the efficiency and the effect of aerobic composting are effectively improved; and the space of the tank body 1 is effectively utilized on the premise of ensuring the aerobic reaction through layered stacking and turning stirring. When kitchen waste biogas residues with the same volume are treated, the volume of the tank body 1 required by adopting layered composting is smaller, and the floor area of the tank body 1 is further reduced.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or to imply that the number of indicated technical features is significant. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically limited otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "fixed" are to be construed broadly and may, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium; either internal to the two elements or in an interactive relationship of the two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
In the present application, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, a first feature may be "on" or "under" a second feature, and the first and second features may be in direct contact, or the first and second features may be in indirect contact via an intermediate. Also, a first feature "on," "above," and "over" a second feature may be directly on or obliquely above the second feature, or simply mean that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature may be directly under or obliquely under the second feature, or may simply mean that the first feature is at a lower level than the second feature.
In the description herein, the description of the terms "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or "some examples" or the like, means that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.
While embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it is to be understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and that modifications, alterations, substitutions and variations may be made to the above embodiments by those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A kitchen waste biogas residue layered aerobic composting device is characterized by comprising:
the tank body (1) is a hollow cylinder with openings at two ends, and the tank body (1) is vertically arranged;
the driving mechanism comprises a driving assembly and a linkage shaft (2), the driving assembly is arranged on the tank body (1), the linkage shaft (2) is vertically arranged in the tank body (1), the driving assembly is connected with the linkage shaft (2), and the driving assembly can drive the linkage shaft (2) to rotate and move up and down; and (c) a second step of,
a plurality of composting mechanisms (3), wherein the composting mechanisms (3) are arranged in the tank body (1) at intervals along the vertical direction, and each composting mechanism (3) comprises a supporting component (31) and a pile turning component (32); the supporting component (31) is connected with the inner wall of the tank body (1), and the supporting component (31) is used for stacking kitchen biogas residues; the pile turning assembly (32) is rotatably arranged on the supporting assembly (31), and the linkage shaft (2) can be connected with the pile turning assembly (32) to drive the pile turning assembly (32) to rotate.
2. The layered aerobic composting apparatus of kitchen waste biogas residue according to claim 1 wherein the turn-up assembly (32) comprises a casing (321), a first gear (322) and a plurality of stirring units;
the sleeve (321) is rotationally connected with the supporting component (31), and the stirring units are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the sleeve (321);
the first gear (322) is sleeved on the linkage shaft (2), the sleeve (321) is vertically arranged, a first tooth groove (323) matched with the first gear (322) is formed in the sleeve (321), and the first gear (322) is sleeved in the first tooth groove (323).
3. The biogas digester layered aerobic composting device according to claim 2 wherein the stirring unit comprises a scraper (324), a toothed stirring blade (325), a first connecting piece and a second connecting piece;
the scraper (324) and the toothed stirring blade (325) are both in rotating connection with the first connecting piece, and the linkage shaft (2) can be in driving connection with the first connecting piece;
the scraping plate (324) and the toothed stirring blade (325) are rotatably connected with the second connecting piece, and the second connecting piece is rotatably connected with the sleeve (321).
4. The layered aerobic composting device of kitchen biogas residue according to claim 3 wherein the first connecting member comprises a first connecting arm (326), a driving shaft (327), a first bevel gear (328) and a second bevel gear (329), and the second connecting member comprises a second connecting arm (331) and a driven shaft (332);
a first mounting hole and a second mounting hole are formed in the sleeve (321), the central axes of the first mounting hole and the second mounting hole pass through the central axis of the linkage shaft (2), and the first mounting hole is located below the second mounting hole;
the driving shaft (327) is rotatably sleeved in the first mounting hole, and the driven shaft (332) is rotatably arranged in the second mounting hole;
the first bevel gear (328) is sleeved on the linkage shaft (2), the second bevel gear (329) is sleeved at the first end of the driving shaft (327), and the first bevel gear (328) can be meshed with the second bevel gear (329) after the linkage shaft (2) moves downwards for a second set distance;
-said first connecting arm (326) is connected to a second end of said driving shaft (327), said second connecting arm (331) is connected to said driven shaft (332);
the first ends of the first connecting arm (326) and the second connecting arm (331) are rotatably connected with the scraper (324), and the second ends of the first connecting arm (326) and the second connecting arm (331) are rotatably connected with the toothed stirring blade (325).
5. The layered aerobic composting apparatus of kitchen waste biogas digester as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the toothed stirring blade (325) comprises a mounting arm (333) and a plurality of upper scraping teeth (334) spaced apart from the mounting arm (333), the second ends of the first connecting arm (326) and the second connecting arm (331) are rotatably connected to the mounting arm (333).
6. The layered aerobic composting apparatus of kitchen waste biogas residue according to any of the claims 1-5 characterized in that the support assembly (31) comprises a first partition (311), a second partition (312) and a second gear (313);
the first partition plate (311) is connected with the inner wall of the tank body (1), and a plurality of first through holes are uniformly formed in the first partition plate (311);
the second partition plate (312) is rotatably connected with the first partition plate (311), the second partition plate (312) abuts against the lower surface of the first partition plate (311), a plurality of second through holes are uniformly formed in the second partition plate (312), and the positions of the plurality of first through holes and the plurality of second through holes can correspond to one another;
the second gear (313) is sleeved on the linkage shaft (2), a second tooth groove (314) matched with the second gear (313) is formed in the second partition plate (312), and after the linkage shaft (2) moves upwards for a set distance, the second gear (313) can be sleeved in the second tooth groove (314).
7. The layered aerobic composting apparatus of kitchen waste biogas residue as claimed in any of the claims 1-5 wherein the drive assembly comprises a motor and an electric lifting platform;
the electric lifting platform is horizontally arranged on the tank body (1), the motor is arranged on the electric lifting platform, and the linkage shaft (2) is rotationally connected with the electric lifting platform;
and a rotating shaft of the motor is connected with the linkage shaft (2) to drive the linkage shaft (2) to rotate.
8. The layered aerobic composting device of kitchen waste and biogas residue as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein an end plate (11) is arranged at the upper end of the tank body (1), a feed port (12) and a third mounting hole are arranged on the end plate (11), and the linkage shaft (2) is sleeved in the third mounting hole;
the lower end opening of the tank body (1) is connected with a conical funnel (13), and a discharge opening is formed in the conical funnel (13).
9. The layered aerobic composting device of kitchen residues according to any of claims 1-5, wherein a vent (14) and a waste gas collecting port (15) are arranged on the tank body (1) corresponding to each composting mechanism (3), the vent (14) is connected with a fan, and the waste gas collecting port (15) is connected with an odor treatment device.
10. The layered aerobic composting device of kitchen waste biogas residue as claimed in any of the claims 1-5, characterized in that a temperature sensor is arranged in the tank (1).
CN202222818229.9U 2022-10-25 2022-10-25 Kitchen residue biogas residue layered aerobic composting device Active CN218491639U (en)

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CN202222818229.9U CN218491639U (en) 2022-10-25 2022-10-25 Kitchen residue biogas residue layered aerobic composting device

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