CN216378513U - Cotton picking and cleaning machine - Google Patents

Cotton picking and cleaning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216378513U
CN216378513U CN202123009026.7U CN202123009026U CN216378513U CN 216378513 U CN216378513 U CN 216378513U CN 202123009026 U CN202123009026 U CN 202123009026U CN 216378513 U CN216378513 U CN 216378513U
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China
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roller
picking
crushing
flower
cotton
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CN202123009026.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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郭继彦
郭占勇
时东升
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Anyang City Yugong Agricultural Machinery Co ltd
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Anyang City Yugong Agricultural Machinery Co ltd
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Abstract

Pick up flower blowing machine relates to and can pick up clear miscellaneous technical field by the cotton, including picking up flower device, blowing device, is provided with rear wheel, front wheel under the frame, by preceding driver's cabin, breaker, blowing device, power device, depositing the flower case of having set gradually backward in the frame, the frame front end sets up picks up the flower device, it includes to pick up the flower device: the picking platform is connected with the picking channel; the picking channel is communicated with a crushing device, and a leaking net is arranged below the crushing device; the crushing device is connected with the blowing device; the blowing device is connected with the flower storage box through the air outlet channel; the blowing device includes: the dispersing roller is arranged on the support, the crushing roller B is arranged above the dispersing roller, the front part of the crushing roller is close to the licker-in, the front part of the licker-in is provided with a brush roller, and the lower part of the brush roller is provided with a pattern guide roller. The utility model has the advantages that: the cotton picker has the advantages that the picking, filtering and cleaning are integrated, the picking, filtering and cleaning effects are achieved, the mixed cotton stalks and cotton hulls can be cleaned, and accordingly direct clean cotton is achieved.

Description

Cotton picking and cleaning machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a cotton picking and impurity removing device.
Background
Cotton is a common crop and is also an important substance in the textile industry. During the harvesting of cotton, on one hand, the phenomenon of incomplete picking is easy to occur, due to the mechanical property of equipment and the operation level of technicians, picking is not clean, certain residues are caused, and investigation shows that 30-100 kilograms of residues (containing cotton bolls, cotton and cotton stalks) are required to be further picked per mu on average. Meanwhile, the existing machine is only used for picking up, and the efficiency is not high.
On the other hand, impurities such as cotton stalks, cotton hulls and the like mixed with cotton need to be cleaned and decontaminated. The prior machine has the defects of incomplete pick-up and incomplete impurity removal.
Based on this, the inventor is dedicated to research for solving the practical problem, and develops a novel 'picking and blowing machine' by fully utilizing the coordination of the devices.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a flower picking and cleaning machine which has the advantages of clean flower picking and thorough impurity cleaning.
The purpose of the utility model is realized by the following scheme:
pick up flower blowing machine, including picking up flower device, blowing device, be provided with rear wheel, front wheel under the frame, by preceding driver's cabin, breaker, blowing device, power device, deposit the flower case of having set gradually after setting gradually in the frame, the frame front end sets up picks up flower device, its characterized in that: the flower picking device comprises: the picking platform is connected with the picking channel; the picking channel is communicated with a crushing device, and a leaking net is arranged below the crushing device; the crushing device is connected with the blowing device; the blowing device is connected with the flower storage box through the air outlet channel; the blowing device includes: the dispersing roller is arranged on the support, the crushing roller B is arranged above the dispersing roller, the front part of the crushing roller is close to the licker-in, the front part of the licker-in is provided with a brush roller, and the lower part of the brush roller is provided with a pattern guide roller.
Further:
the structure of the pickup table includes: a pick-up roll and a feed roll; the pickup roller has the following structure: a pickup shaft is connected in the center between the two vertical side plates, a plurality of connecting rods are connected at the periphery of the two vertical side plates, a plurality of pickup rollers and pickup leather strips are fixed on the connecting rods, and the pickup rollers and the pickup leather strips can be distributed in a staggered manner; the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the side plate through the fixing plate and the fixing nail.
The feed roll sets up in the back of pick-up roll, and the structure of feed roll is: the middle of the screw conveyer shaft is provided with a screw conveyer shaft which is a U-shaped eccentric crankshaft and is fixed; the side casings on two sides rotate integrally with the auger shell, the auger shell is a cylindrical hollow cylinder, the left and right reverse helical blades are arranged on two sides, the middle part of the auger shell is provided with a hole, the driving lever is arranged in the hole in a sleeved mode on the auger shaft through the driving lever, the driving lever extends out of the auger shell from front to back to pull cotton along with the rotation of the auger shell, and the driving lever retracts into the auger shell from back to front.
The structure of the crushing device is as follows: a crushing roller A is arranged in the crushing box, a cylindrical net is arranged below the crushing box A, teeth are fixed on a cage plate parallel to a shaft, and the upper end parts of the teeth are in an arc shape which is bent along the rotating direction; the number of the crushing boxes is 1-3, and the outlet of each crushing box is connected with a fan to blow wind to the dispersing roller of the blowing device from front to back.
A impurity leakage net A is arranged below the dispersing roller, and a impurity leakage net B is arranged below the pattern guide roller.
The structure of the dispersion roller is as follows: the dispersion roller core is provided with guide rods distributed along the circumference, the guide rods are distributed along the roll shaft of the dispersion roller core in a positive and negative spiral shape, and the positive and negative spiral lengths are the same.
The structure of the crushing roller B is as follows: be provided with the crushing plate of a plurality of along circumference evenly distributed on the roller core, the crushing plate is with the same length of roller core, and the structure of crushing plate is: the edges of the plate are provided with teeth; a cover is arranged above the roller core and is provided with teeth.
The structure of the licker-in is as follows: the licker-in roller core is provided with annular grooves along the circumference, a plurality of annular grooves are distributed in parallel along the licker-in roller shaft, the annular grooves are internally provided with the licker-in strips, and the licker-in strips are provided with the spines.
The structure of the brush roller is as follows: the brush roller core is provided with brushes A which are uniformly distributed along the brush roller core.
The structure of the pattern guide roller is as follows: a plurality of helical blades are symmetrically distributed on the roller core of the pattern guide roller, and the blades of the helical blades are helical along the circumference in the overall direction; and a plurality of symmetrical connecting rods which are alternated with the helical blades are used for fixing the brush seat through screws, and the brush B is arranged on the brush seat.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that: the utility model realizes the integration of picking, filtering impurities and cleaning cotton, has the effects of picking up and cleaning impurities thoroughly, and can complete the cleaning of mixed cotton stalks and cotton shells, thereby realizing the direct cleaning of cotton.
The cotton containing impurities is guided by the fan, and then cotton stalks and cotton hulls are mixed after the cotton containing impurities passes through the cotton cleaning machine, so that the cotton cleaning machine can be used for fully cleaning and removing impurities.
In order to make the technical solutions of the present invention better understood and make the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention more comprehensible, the present invention is described in further detail with reference to examples below.
Drawings
Fig. 1-3 are schematic structural diagrams of different angles of the blowing device of the utility model, fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a brush roller, fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a licker-in roller, fig. 6-7 are schematic structural diagrams of a rake roller, fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a crushing roller, fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a guide roller, fig. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of the utility model, fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of a pickup table, fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a pickup roller, fig. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of an auger roller, fig. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a kickoff device, and fig. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of a box turnover device.
In the figure: frame 1, exhaust fan A2, pipeline 3, air dustpan 4, dispersion roller 5, crushing roller B6, licker-in 7, brush roller 8, guide roller 9, exhaust fan B10, impurity-leaking net A11, impurity-leaking net B12, dispersion roller core 51, guide rod 52, crushing roller core 61, crushing plate 62, licker-in core 71, licker-in 72, brush roller core 81, brush A82, guide roller core 91, helical blade 92, connecting rod 93, brush holder 94, brush B95, pick-up table 15, pick-up channel 16, cab 17, cotton cleaner 18, power device 19, storage box 20, box-turning device 21, rear wheel 22, front wheel 23, hydraulic telescoping device 24, conveyor belt 26, conveying shaft 27, pick-up roller 28, riser 30, pick-up shaft 31, pick-up roller 32, pick-up leather strip 33, fixing plate 34, connecting rod 35, fixing nail 36, fixing shaft 37, auger shell 38, helical blade 39, auger lever 41, side casing 42, mounting bracket 45.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 10-15, the flower picking and cleaning machine comprises a flower picking device and a cleaning device, wherein the flower picking device comprises: rear wheels 22 and front wheels 23 are arranged below the frame, a cab 17, a crushing device, a blowing device 18, a power device 19 and a flower storage box 20 are sequentially arranged in the frame from front to back, a picking platform 15 is arranged at the front end of the frame, a picking channel 16 connected with the picking platform 15 penetrates through the cab 3, a conveying belt 26 (with a plurality of transverse plates) is arranged in the picking channel 16, a conveying shaft 27 is fixed on the frame through a bearing, and a hydraulic telescopic device 24 is arranged between the frame and the picking platform 15 and between the frame and the picking channel 16 and used for lifting up and putting down the picking platform 15 and the picking channel 16 so as to walk or work.
The pickup table 15 has a structure including: a pick-up roll 28 and a feed roll.
The pickup roller 28 has a structure in which: a picking shaft 31 is connected in the center between two vertical plates 30 (1-2 vertical plates 30 can be arranged between the two vertical plates 30 to play a reinforcing role), a plurality of connecting rods 35 are connected on the periphery of the two vertical plates, a plurality of picking rollers 32 and picking leather strips 33 are fixed on the connecting rods 35, and the picking rollers 32 and the picking leather strips 33 are distributed in a staggered manner; the connecting rod 35 is connected and fixed to the side plate 30 by a fixing plate 34 and a fixing nail 36.
The feed roller is arranged behind the pickup roller 28, and the structure of the feed roller is as follows: the middle part is provided with an auger shaft 37, and the auger shaft 37 is a U-shaped eccentric crankshaft which is fixed; the side shells 42 on the two sides and the packing auger shell 38 rotate integrally, the packing auger shell 38 is a cylindrical hollow cylinder, the left and right reverse helical blades 39 are arranged on the two sides, a plurality of rows of holes are uniformly distributed along the packing auger shell in the middle, the deflector rod 40 is arranged in the holes, and the deflector rod 40 is arranged on the packing auger shaft 37 through the deflector rod sleeve 41; a fixed toothed plate can be arranged between the two rows of deflector rods 40; with the rotation of the auger shell 38, the deflector rod 40 extends out of the auger shell 38 from front to back to pull cotton, and the deflector rod 40 retracts into the auger shell 38 from back to front. With the rotation of the auger housing 38, the helical blades 39 concentrate the rotation of the cotton to the middle, and then the cotton is pulled by the deflector rod 40 toward the conveyor 26 of the pick-up channel 16, leading to the inlet of the crushing device.
The crushing device comprises a crushing box and a crushing roller A, wherein the crushing roller A is arranged in the crushing box, and a cylindrical net is arranged below the crushing box and used for leaking impurities; the cage plate parallel to the shaft is fixed with teeth (blades), the upper end parts of the teeth (blades) are provided with arc shapes which are bent along the rotating direction, and cotton is guided to the outlet from the inlet; the crushing case has 3, forms the reciprocal breakage of Z shape (broken case A exit linkage broken case B entry promptly, broken case B exit linkage broken case C entry) to can be with broken thoroughly such as cotton shell, cotton stalk.
An air outlet (which is connected with a fan A and is not shown in the figure) is arranged at the rear part of the crushing box, and blows air to the blowing device from front to back; the outlet of the blowing device is connected with the flower storage box 20 through an air outlet channel; thereby guiding the cotton after impurity cleaning into the flower storage box 20. The rear part of the flower storage box 20 is provided with a box turning device 21, the box turning device 21 is served by a hydraulic cylinder, and two ends of the hydraulic cylinder are respectively connected between the flower storage box 20 and the fixing frame 45; the box turning device 21 is used for turning over the flower storage box 20 to pour out the filled cotton.
As shown in fig. 1 to 9, the cotton cleaning device comprises a bracket, a dispersion roller 5 is arranged on the bracket, a crushing roller B6 is arranged above the dispersion roller 5, the front part of the crushing roller B6 is close to a licker-in 7, a brush roller 8 is arranged at the front part of the licker-in 7, and a cotton guide roller 9 is arranged below the brush roller 8.
A impurity leakage net A11 is arranged below the dispersing roller 5, and a impurity leakage net B12 is arranged below the pattern guide roller 9.
An exhaust fan A2 is arranged on the bracket, the exhaust fan A2 is connected with the wind dustpan 4 through a pipeline 3, and the outlet of the wind dustpan 4 leads to the dispersion roller 5.
An exhaust fan B10 is arranged on the bracket, and an exhaust fan B10 is communicated with the front part of the pattern guide roller 9 through a pipeline; the inlet of blower B10 is arranged at the outlet of guide roller 9, and the cotton can be guided out far by the presence of blower B10.
The dispersing roller 5 has the following structure: the dispersion roller core 51 is provided with guide rods 52 distributed along the circumference, the guide rods 52 are distributed along the roller shaft of the dispersion roller core 51 in a positive and negative spiral shape, the positive and negative spiral distribution uses the middle part of the dispersion roller core 51 as a boundary, the positive and negative spiral lengths are the same, and thus the cotton is dispersed from the middle part to the two ends.
The structure of the crushing roller B6 is as follows: the crushing roller core 61 is provided with a plurality of crushing plates 62 which are uniformly distributed along the circumference, the crushing plates 62 are as long as the crushing roller core 61, and the structure of the crushing plates 62 is as follows: the edges of the plate are provided with teeth; the crushing plate 62 is used for crushing cotton stalks and cotton hulls.
A cover is arranged above the roller core 61 of the crushing roller, and teeth are arranged on the cover and used for blocking crushed cotton stalks and cotton hulls and dropping impurity leakage nets A11 from the lower part.
The structure of the licker-in 7 is as follows: the licker-in roller core 71 is provided with ring grooves along the circumference, a plurality of ring grooves are distributed in parallel along the roller shaft of the licker-in roller 7, the ring grooves are internally provided with the licker-in strips 72, and the licker-in strips 72 are provided with the spines.
The structure of the brush roller 8 is: the brush roller core 81 is provided with brushes a82 which are evenly distributed along the brush roller core 81.
The structure of the pattern guide roller 9 is as follows: the cotton guide roller core 91 is symmetrically provided with a plurality of helical blades 92, and the blades of the helical blades 92 are helical along the circumference in the whole direction and can be used for guiding cotton to an outlet; a plurality of symmetrical connecting rods 93 which are arranged at intervals with the helical blades 92, the connecting rods 93 fix a brush seat 94 (which is convenient to replace) through screws, and a brush B95 is arranged on the brush seat 94.
The outer ends of the dispersing roller 5, the crushing roller B6, the licker-in 7, the brush roller 8 and the pattern guide roller 9 are provided with driving wheels which are all driven by a motor wheel and a belt or a chain.
When the cotton picker is used, cotton which is picked up by a picking platform 15 of the cotton picking device and contains cotton stalks and cotton hulls is guided to the crushing device through a picking channel 16, is crushed by a crushing roller A, is guided into the cotton cleaning device, is sucked by an exhaust fan A2, is guided to the dispersing roller 5 by the dustpan 4 through the pipeline 3, the cotton is dispersed by the dispersing roller 5, is simultaneously crushed by a crushing roller B6, and the crushed cotton stalks and cotton hulls fall down from the impurity leakage net A11 below; the cotton is taken away by the licker-in 7, the brush roller 8 brushes down the cotton on the licker-in 7, the cotton is brushed down by the brush on the cotton guide roller 9, and the cotton is guided to the outlet by the helical blade 92 on the cotton guide roller 9 and then is guided into the cotton storage box 20 by the air pipe.
The above description is only for the specific embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily conceived by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. Pick up flower blowing machine, including picking up flower device, blowing device, be provided with rear wheel, front wheel under the frame, by preceding driver's cabin, breaker, blowing device, power device, deposit the flower case of having set gradually after setting gradually in the frame, the frame front end sets up picks up flower device, its characterized in that: the flower picking device comprises: the picking platform is connected with the picking channel; the picking channel is communicated with a crushing device, and a leaking net is arranged below the crushing device; the crushing device is connected with the blowing device; the blowing device is connected with the flower storage box through the air outlet channel; the blowing device includes: the dispersing roller is arranged on the support, the crushing roller B is arranged above the dispersing roller, the front part of the crushing roller is close to the licker-in, the front part of the licker-in is provided with a brush roller, and the lower part of the brush roller is provided with a pattern guide roller.
2. The picking and blowing machine of claim 1, wherein: the structure of the pickup table includes: a pick-up roll and a feed roll; the pickup roller has the following structure: a pickup shaft is connected in the center between the two vertical side plates, a plurality of connecting rods are connected at the periphery of the two vertical side plates, a plurality of pickup rollers and pickup leather strips are fixed on the connecting rods, and the pickup rollers and the pickup leather strips can be distributed in a staggered manner; the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the side plate through the fixing plate and the fixing nail.
3. The picking and blowing machine of claim 2, wherein: the feed roll sets up in the back of pick-up roll, and the structure of feed roll is: the middle of the screw conveyer shaft is provided with a screw conveyer shaft which is a U-shaped eccentric crankshaft and is fixed; the side casings on two sides rotate integrally with the auger shell, the auger shell is a cylindrical hollow cylinder, the left and right reverse helical blades are arranged on two sides, the middle part of the auger shell is provided with a hole, the driving lever is arranged in the hole in a sleeved mode on the auger shaft through the driving lever, the driving lever extends out of the auger shell from front to back to pull cotton along with the rotation of the auger shell, and the driving lever retracts into the auger shell from back to front.
4. The picking and blowing machine of claim 1, wherein: the structure of the crushing device is as follows: a crushing roller A is arranged in the crushing box, a cylindrical net is arranged below the crushing box A, teeth are fixed on a cage plate parallel to a shaft, and the upper end parts of the teeth are in an arc shape which is bent along the rotating direction; the number of the crushing boxes is 1-3, and the outlet of each crushing box is connected with a fan to blow wind to the dispersing roller of the blowing device from front to back.
5. The picking and blowing machine of claim 1, wherein: a impurity leakage net A is arranged below the dispersing roller, and a impurity leakage net B is arranged below the pattern guide roller.
6. The picking and blowing machine of claim 1 or 5, characterized in that: the structure of the dispersion roller is as follows: the dispersion roller core is provided with guide rods distributed along the circumference, the guide rods are distributed along the roll shaft of the dispersion roller core in a positive and negative spiral shape, and the positive and negative spiral lengths are the same.
7. The picking and blowing machine of claim 1, wherein: the structure of the crushing roller B is as follows: be provided with the crushing plate of a plurality of along circumference evenly distributed on the roller core, the crushing plate is with the same length of roller core, and the structure of crushing plate is: the edges of the plate are provided with teeth; a cover is arranged above the roller core and is provided with teeth.
8. The picking and blowing machine of claim 1, wherein: the structure of the licker-in is as follows: the licker-in roller core is provided with annular grooves along the circumference, a plurality of annular grooves are distributed in parallel along the licker-in roller shaft, the annular grooves are internally provided with the licker-in strips, and the licker-in strips are provided with the spines.
9. The picking and blowing machine of claim 1, wherein: the structure of the brush roller is as follows: the brush roller core is provided with brushes A which are uniformly distributed along the brush roller core.
10. The picking and blowing machine of claim 1, wherein: the structure of the pattern guide roller is as follows: a plurality of helical blades are symmetrically distributed on the roller core of the pattern guide roller, and the blades of the helical blades are helical along the circumference in the overall direction; and a plurality of symmetrical connecting rods which are alternated with the helical blades are used for fixing the brush seat through screws, and the brush B is arranged on the brush seat.
CN202123009026.7U 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 Cotton picking and cleaning machine Active CN216378513U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123009026.7U CN216378513U (en) 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 Cotton picking and cleaning machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123009026.7U CN216378513U (en) 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 Cotton picking and cleaning machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216378513U true CN216378513U (en) 2022-04-26

Family

ID=81221669

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202123009026.7U Active CN216378513U (en) 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 Cotton picking and cleaning machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216378513U (en)

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