CN216156022U - Effectual high-efficient carding machine opens cotton - Google Patents

Effectual high-efficient carding machine opens cotton Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216156022U
CN216156022U CN202122149533.4U CN202122149533U CN216156022U CN 216156022 U CN216156022 U CN 216156022U CN 202122149533 U CN202122149533 U CN 202122149533U CN 216156022 U CN216156022 U CN 216156022U
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cotton
groove
carding machine
working box
box
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CN202122149533.4U
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张义
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Henan Xinqi Wire Industry Co ltd
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Henan Xinqi Wire Industry Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a high-efficiency carding machine with good cotton opening effect, which relates to the technical field of textile equipment and comprises a base, wherein the upper surface of the base is provided with a working box, two sides of the upper end of the working box are respectively provided with a through groove, one through groove is communicated with an air outlet end of a blowing device, the other through groove is communicated with a feed inlet of a collecting device, the inside of the working box is rotatably connected with a rotating rod, the rotating rod is uniformly provided with a cross cotton picking rod, a strip-shaped separation net is arranged below the rotating rod and inside the working box, one end of the rotating rod penetrates through one side of the working box and is fixedly connected with an output end of a rotation driving device, the outer surface of one side of the lower end of the working box is provided with a feed groove, cotton fibers are drawn out from clustered cotton through the quick and continuous rotation of the cotton picking rod, and the cotton fibers are separated from cotton seeds under the action of the strip-shaped separation net, high seed removing efficiency and good seed removing effect.

Description

Effectual high-efficient carding machine opens cotton
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of textile equipment, in particular to a high-efficiency carding machine with a good opening effect.
Background
Carding is carried out by carding small cotton bundles into single fiber state by a flat card or roller card with the help of needle surface movement, further removing impurities and non-spinnable short fibers, straightening the fibers in parallel, and finally making into cotton strips coiled into a sliver can.
The Chinese patent with the publication number of CN211079416U discloses a novel high-efficiency carding machine, the structure of which comprises a cotton processing block, a feeding groove, a power supply machine, a base, a conveyer belt protective shell, a machine body, a processing box, a controller and a conveying roller, wherein the bottom end of the cotton processing block is welded with the top end of the feeding groove, the power supply machine is positioned under the feeding groove, the top end of the base is welded with the bottom end of the machine body, the rear end of the conveyer belt protective shell is welded with the front end of the machine body, the processing box and the machine body are of an integrated structure, the controller is positioned above the conveyer belt protective shell, the conveying roller is positioned at the right side of the cotton processing block, the cotton processing block comprises a half gear, a grinding tooth, a shell, a matching rack, a vibration block, a vibration push rod, a buffer rod and a guide frame, the half gear is meshed with the grinding tooth, the half gear is embedded in the middle part in the shell, cooperation rack and rodent be integral structure, the vibrations piece with cooperation rack be integral structure, the perpendicular embedding of vibrations push rod is on the bottom of vibrations piece, the bottom of buffer beam welds mutually with the top of vibrations push rod, the perpendicular embedding of buffer beam is on the leading truck, both ends weld mutually about both ends and the vibrations piece about the leading truck, the bottom of shell welds mutually with the top of feed chute.
However, the above technical solution still has the following defect, the device breaks up the cotton through the reciprocating motion of vibrations push rod, but in the actual working process, the getting rid of cotton seed is related to the reciprocal rate of vibrations push rod, and when the speed of vibrations push rod is fast, the contact between half gear and the rodent leads to between the tooth too big noise, and stress is too big easily causes the gear damage for the device can not effectually get rid of cotton seed through vibrations push rod, and when the speed of vibrations push rod is slow, the get rid of inefficiency to cotton seed, it is not good to go the seed effect.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a high-efficiency carding machine with a good cotton opening effect, and aims to solve the problems that cotton is scattered by the reciprocating motion of a vibrating push rod in the novel high-efficiency carding machine in the prior art, cotton seeds are removed in the actual working process, the reciprocating speed of the vibrating push rod is related to the removal rate of the cotton seeds, when the vibrating push rod is high in speed, the contact between a half gear and a tooth causes too large noise between teeth, and the gear is easily damaged due to too large stress, so that the cotton seeds cannot be effectively removed by the vibrating push rod, and when the vibrating push rod is low in speed, the removal efficiency of the cotton seeds is low, and the seed removing effect is poor.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: the efficient carding machine with the good cotton opening effect comprises a base, wherein a working box is arranged on the upper surface of the base, through grooves are respectively formed in two sides of the upper end of the working box, one of the through grooves is in through connection with an air outlet end of an air blowing device, the other through groove is in through connection with a feed inlet of a collecting device, a rotating rod is rotatably connected inside the working box, cross cotton picking rods are uniformly arranged on the rotating rod, strip isolating nets are arranged below the rotating rod and inside the working box, the cross cotton picking rods can penetrate through gaps in the strip isolating nets to pick cotton fibers out of the upper surface of the base, one end of each rotating rod penetrates through one side of the working box and is fixedly connected with an output end of a rotation driving device, and a feed groove is formed in the outer surface of one side of the lower end of the working box.
In order to conveniently extrude the cotton balls to the bottom of the working box, the utility model adopts the further technical scheme that a U-shaped enclosure is arranged on one side of the upper surface of the base, which is positioned on the feeding groove, two sides of the U-shaped enclosure are respectively provided with a guide groove, and the inside of the U-shaped enclosure is in sliding connection with fixing rods arranged at two ends of the baffle through the guide grooves.
In order to enable the baffle plate to automatically extrude the cotton ball, the other end of the rotating rod penetrates through the other side of the working box and then is fixedly connected with the driving gear, one side of the outer surface of the working box is rotatably connected with the reduction gear through a rotating shaft, the driving gear is externally meshed with the reduction gear, the reduction gear is hinged with one end of the first connecting plate through a short rod arranged on the outer surface of one side of the reduction gear, the other end of the first connecting plate is rotatably connected with one end of the second connecting plate through a second short rod, and the other end of the second connecting plate is rotatably connected with the fixed rod.
In order to improve the motion stability of the second connecting plate, the utility model adopts the further technical scheme that one side of the U-shaped enclosure is provided with a U-shaped limiting block for limiting the motion of the second connecting plate.
In order to make the baffle plate smoothly run in the guide groove, the utility model adopts the further technical scheme that the fixed rods are respectively and rotatably connected with rollers.
In order to collect the cotton fibers conveniently, the collecting device comprises a storage box, a discharge groove communicated with the through groove is formed in the bottom of the storage box, a push-pull box body is connected to the inside of the storage box in a sliding mode, and a handle is arranged on the outer surface of one side of the push-pull box body.
In order to facilitate observation of the condition of the cotton fibers in the storage box, the utility model adopts the further technical scheme that an observation window is arranged on the upper surface of the storage box.
In order to take the cotton seeds out of the bottom of the working box conveniently, the utility model adopts the further technical scheme that a placing groove is formed in the lower surface of the base and below the working box, and a filter screen plate is arranged in the placing groove.
In order to conveniently and uniformly collect the cotton seeds, the utility model adopts the further technical scheme that the lower surface of the filter screen plate is provided with an inclined guide chute.
Preferably, the rotation driving device is a servo motor.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1. by arranging the blowing device, the rotating rod, the cross cotton picking rod and the strip isolating net, the rotation driving device drives the rotating rod to rotate, the rotating rod drives the cross cotton picking rod to rotate, the cross cotton picking rod picks cotton at the lower part of the working box through the strip isolating net in the rotating process, the picked cotton fibers enter the upper part of the strip isolating net through the strip isolating net under the action of the cross cotton picking rod, the cotton fibers are blown down from the cross cotton picking rod through the blowing device and enter the collecting device, the strip isolating net prevents cotton seeds from being brought into the upper part of the strip isolating net from the bottom of the working box by the cross cotton picking rod, the device extracts the cotton fibers from cotton balls through the quick and continuous rotation of the cross cotton picking rod, and the cotton fibers and the cotton seeds are separated under the action of the strip isolating net, so that the seed removing efficiency is high, and the seed removing effect is good.
2. By arranging the filter screen plate, when the cotton fibers on the cotton cluster are drawn out and only cotton seeds are left, the cotton seeds are taken out from the working box through the filter screen plate, so that the cotton seed removing efficiency is improved; through setting up the driving gear, reduction gear, the U type encloses the fender, the baffle, the dead lever, first connecting plate and second connecting plate, the bull stick drives the driving gear and rotates, the driving gear drives reduction gear and rotates, reduction gear drives the second connecting plate through first connecting plate and removes, the second connecting plate passes through dead lever and guide slot and drives the baffle and enclose the fender at the U type and remove in, when enclosing the fender with the U type with the cotton, the reciprocating motion of baffle is with the continuous bottom of extruding the work box of cotton, the convenience is removed the seed to the cotton.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a partially enlarged view of a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a front view of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a U-shaped enclosure according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the interior of the work box according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a filter screen plate according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a collecting device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a base; 2. a work box; 3. a through groove; 4. a blowing device; 5. a collection device; 501. A storage tank; 502. pushing and pulling the box body; 503. a handle; 6. a rotating rod; 7. a cross cotton picking rod; 8. a strip-shaped isolation net; 9. a rotation driving device; 10. a feed chute; 11. a U-shaped enclosure; 12. a guide groove; 13. a baffle plate; 14. fixing the rod; 15. a driving gear; 16. a reduction gear; 17. a first connecting plate; 18. a second connecting plate; 19. a U-shaped limiting block; 20. a roller; 21. a discharge chute; 22. an observation window; 23. a placement groove; 24. a filter screen plate; 25. and (4) inclining the material guide groove.
Detailed Description
The following further describes embodiments of the present invention with reference to the drawings.
As shown in figures 1-7, the high-efficiency carding machine with good cotton opening effect comprises a base 1, wherein the upper surface of the base 1 is provided with a working box 2, two sides of the upper end of the working box 2 are respectively provided with a through groove 3, one of the through grooves 3 is communicated with the air outlet end of the air blowing device 4, the other through groove 3 is communicated with the material inlet of the collecting device 5, the interior of the working box 2 is rotatably connected with a rotating rod 6, cross cotton picking rods 7 are uniformly arranged on the rotating rod 6, a strip-shaped isolation net 8 is arranged below the rotating rod 6 and inside the working box 2, the cross cotton picking rod 7 can pick cotton fibers out of the upper surface of the base 1 through gaps on the strip-shaped isolation net 8, one end of the rotating rod 6 penetrates through one side of the working box 2 and then is fixedly connected with the output end of the rotation driving device 9, and the outer surface of one side of the lower end of the working box 2 is provided with a feeding groove 10.
In the embodiment, when in use, cotton clusters are placed at the bottom of the working box 2, then the rotary driving device 9 is started, the rotary driving device 9 rotates and drives the rotary rod 6 to rotate, the rotary rod 6 drives the cross cotton picking rod 7 to rotate, the cross cotton picking rod 7 picks cotton at the lower part of the working box 2 through the strip isolation net 8 in the rotating process, the picked cotton fibers enter the strip isolation net 8 through the strip isolation net 8 under the action of the cross cotton picking rod 7, the cotton fibers are blown down from the cross cotton picking rod 7 through the blowing device 4, the blown cotton fibers enter the collecting device 5 through the through groove 3, the strip isolation net 8 prevents cotton seeds from being brought into the upper part of the strip isolation net 8 from the bottom of the working box 2 by the cross cotton picking rod 7, the device extracts the cotton fibers from the clustered cotton through the quick and continuous rotation of the cross cotton picking rod 7, and the cotton fiber is separated from the cotton seeds under the action of the strip-shaped isolation net 8, so that the seed removing efficiency is high, and the seed removing effect is good.
In another embodiment of the utility model, a U-shaped enclosure 11 is arranged on the upper surface of the base 1 and on one side of the feed chute 10, guide grooves 12 are respectively arranged on both sides of the U-shaped enclosure 11, the inside of the U-shaped enclosure 11 is slidably connected with fixing rods 14 arranged at both ends of a baffle 13 through the guide grooves 12, cotton is put into the U-shaped enclosure 11, then the baffle 13 is pushed to move towards the direction close to the working box 2 under the action of the fixing rods 14 and the guide grooves 12, the baffle 13 extrudes and conveys cotton clusters to the bottom of the working box 2, and the cotton is processed in the working box 2.
Specifically, the other end of the rotating rod 6 penetrates through the other side of the working box 2 and then is fixedly connected with the driving gear 15, one side of the outer surface of the working box 2 is rotatably connected with the reduction gear 16 through a rotating shaft, the driving gear 15 is externally engaged with the reduction gear 16, the reduction gear 16 is hinged with one end of the first connecting plate 17 through a short rod arranged on the outer surface of one side of the reduction gear 16, the other end of the first connecting plate 17 is rotatably connected with one end of the second connecting plate 18 through a second short rod, the other end of the second connecting plate 18 is rotatably connected with the fixed rod 14, the rotation driving device 9 rotates to drive the rotating rod 6 to rotate, the rotating rod 6 rotates to drive the driving gear 15 to rotate, the driving gear 15 drives the reduction gear 16 which is externally engaged with the driving gear 15 to rotate, the reduction gear 16 drives the second connecting plate 18 to move through the first connecting plate 17, the second connecting plate 18 drives the baffle 13 to move in the U-shaped enclosure 11 through the fixed rod 14 and the guide groove 12, when placing the cotton in the U type encloses fender 11, baffle 13's reciprocating motion constantly extrudees the bottom of work box 2 with the cotton, conveniently goes the seed to the cotton.
Furthermore, one side of the U-shaped enclosure 11 is provided with a U-shaped limiting block 19 for limiting the movement of the second connecting plate 18, and the second connecting plate 18 can keep horizontal movement in the moving process through the fixedly arranged U-shaped limiting block 19, so that the movement of the baffle 13 is more stable.
Furthermore, the fixing rods 14 are respectively rotatably connected with rollers 20, and in the process that the fixing rods 14 move in the guide grooves 12, the friction between the fixing rods 14 and the guide grooves 12 can be reduced through the rollers 20, so that the movement stability of the baffle 13 is improved.
Specifically, collection device 5 includes storage box 501, the blown down tank 21 that link up with through groove 3 is seted up to the bottom of storage box 501, the inside sliding connection of storage box 501 has push-and-pull box body 502, the surface of push-and-pull box body 502 one side is provided with handle 503, and cotton fiber enters into the inside of storage box 501 under blast apparatus 4's effect, then through control handle 503, pulls out push-and-pull box body 502 from the inside of storage box 501, and the processing is transported to the cotton fiber that conveniently will remove the seed.
Specifically, observation window 22 has been seted up to the upper surface of bin 501, conveniently observes the cotton fibre collection condition of bin 501 through observation window 22, and then in time transports cotton fibre.
Preferably, a placing groove 23 is formed in the lower surface of the base 1 and below the working box 2, a filter screen plate 24 is arranged inside the placing groove 23, cotton fibers of the cotton clusters are picked out under the action of the cross cotton picking rod 7 and the strip-shaped isolation net 8, and the rest cotton seeds leak out of the working box 2 through the filter screen plate 24.
Specifically, the lower surface of the filter screen plate 24 is provided with an inclined guide chute 25, and when cotton seeds fall out of the filter screen plate 24, the cotton seeds are uniformly conveyed to one side of the base 1 through the inclined guide chute 25, so that the cotton seeds are conveniently collected.
Further, the rotation driving device 9 is a servo motor, the servo motor rotates to drive the rotating rod 6 to rotate, the rotating rod 6 rotates to drive the cross cotton picking rod 7 to rotate, and under the action of the cross cotton picking rod 7 and the strip-shaped isolation net 8, seeds of cotton clusters are removed.
In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the utility model is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the utility model being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an open effectual high-efficient carding machine of cotton, includes base (1), characterized by, the upper surface of base (1) is provided with work box (2), through groove (3) have been seted up respectively to the both sides of work box (2) upper end, one of them through groove (3) and blast apparatus (4) air outlet end through connection, another through groove (3) and the pan feeding mouth through connection of collection device (5), the inside rotation of work box (2) is connected with bull stick (6), evenly set up the cross on bull stick (6) and choose cotton pole (7), the below of bull stick (6) and the inside that is located work box (2) are provided with strip spacer screen (8), the cross is chosen cotton pole (7) and can be passed through the gap on strip spacer screen (8) and is chosen cotton fiber from the upper surface of base (1), the one end of bull stick (6) is passed through behind one side of work box (2) and is held with the output end of rotation drive arrangement (9) admittedly The fixed connection is realized, and the outer surface of one side of the lower end of the working box (2) is provided with a feeding groove (10).
2. The efficient carding machine with the good cotton opening effect according to claim 1, wherein a U-shaped enclosure (11) is arranged on one side, located on the feeding chute (10), of the upper surface of the base (1), guide grooves (12) are respectively formed in two sides of the U-shaped enclosure (11), and the U-shaped enclosure (11) is connected with fixing rods (14) arranged at two ends of the baffle (13) in a sliding mode through the guide grooves (12).
3. The efficient carding machine with the good cotton opening effect as claimed in claim 2, wherein the other end of the rotating rod (6) penetrates through the other side of the working box (2) and then is fixedly connected with the driving gear (15), one side of the outer surface of the working box (2) is rotatably connected with the reduction gear (16) through a rotating shaft, the driving gear (15) is externally meshed with the reduction gear (16), the reduction gear (16) is hinged with one end of the first connecting plate (17) through a short rod arranged on the outer surface of one side of the reduction gear, the other end of the first connecting plate (17) is rotatably connected with one end of the second connecting plate (18) through a second short rod, and the other end of the second connecting plate (18) is rotatably connected with the fixing rod (14).
4. The efficient carding machine with good opening effect as claimed in claim 3, wherein one side of the U-shaped enclosure (11) is provided with a U-shaped limiting block (19) for limiting the movement of the second connecting plate (18).
5. The efficient carding machine with good opening effect as claimed in claim 4, wherein the fixed rods (14) are respectively rotatably connected with rollers (20).
6. The efficient carding machine with the good cotton opening effect according to claim 1, wherein the collecting device (5) comprises a storage box (501), a discharge groove (21) which is communicated with the through groove (3) is formed in the bottom of the storage box (501), a push-pull box body (502) is connected to the inside of the storage box (501) in a sliding mode, and a handle (503) is arranged on the outer surface of one side of the push-pull box body (502).
7. The efficient carding machine with good opening effect as claimed in claim 6, wherein the upper surface of the storage box (501) is provided with an observation window (22).
8. The efficient carding machine with the good opening effect according to claim 1, wherein a placing groove (23) is formed in the lower surface of the base (1) and below the working box (2), and a filter screen plate (24) is arranged inside the placing groove (23).
9. The efficient carding machine with good opening effect as claimed in claim 8, wherein the lower surface of the filter screen plate (24) is provided with an inclined guide chute (25).
10. Efficient carding machine with good opening effect according to any of claims 1-9, characterised in that the rotational drive (9) is a servo motor.
CN202122149533.4U 2021-09-07 2021-09-07 Effectual high-efficient carding machine opens cotton Active CN216156022U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122149533.4U CN216156022U (en) 2021-09-07 2021-09-07 Effectual high-efficient carding machine opens cotton

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122149533.4U CN216156022U (en) 2021-09-07 2021-09-07 Effectual high-efficient carding machine opens cotton

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216156022U true CN216156022U (en) 2022-04-01

Family

ID=80843052

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122149533.4U Active CN216156022U (en) 2021-09-07 2021-09-07 Effectual high-efficient carding machine opens cotton

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216156022U (en)

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