CN216224608U - Civil engineering construction waste treatment device - Google Patents

Civil engineering construction waste treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216224608U
CN216224608U CN202122792939.4U CN202122792939U CN216224608U CN 216224608 U CN216224608 U CN 216224608U CN 202122792939 U CN202122792939 U CN 202122792939U CN 216224608 U CN216224608 U CN 216224608U
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crushing
transmission
treatment box
wall
construction waste
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CN202122792939.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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刘娟
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Yichun Vocational Technical College
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Yichun Vocational Technical College
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a civil engineering construction waste treatment device, which comprises a treatment box, wherein a support frame is fixedly arranged at the lower part of the treatment box, a feeding groove is arranged at the upper end of the treatment box, a discharging groove is arranged at the lower end of the treatment box, a driving crushing mechanism is connected to the left side of the rear end of the treatment box in an inserting manner, two transmission crushing mechanisms are connected to the right side of the rear end of the treatment box in an inserting manner and are distributed up and down, the two transmission crushing mechanisms are both in transmission connection with the driving crushing mechanism, extrusion arc-shaped cylinders are fixedly arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the treatment box, movable grooves are formed in the middle part and the lower part of the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the treatment box, and a filtering mechanism is arranged between the two movable grooves on the same horizontal plane in a sliding manner. The civil engineering construction waste treatment device can realize two-time crushing by one motor, has stable transmission, compact structure, low energy consumption, sufficient and efficient crushing, good filtering effect, difficult blockage of a filter screen and high treatment efficiency.

Description

Civil engineering construction waste treatment device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of construction waste treatment, in particular to a civil engineering construction waste treatment device.
Background
The construction waste refers to the general term of dregs, waste concrete, waste bricks and other wastes generated in the production activities of the construction industry such as demolition, construction, decoration, repair and the like, the construction waste can be divided into engineering dregs, decoration waste, demolition waste, engineering mud and the like, and the construction waste is generally treated in a crushing mode.
The prior civil engineering construction waste treatment device has the following defects in the using process: 1. most of devices can only carry out single crushing, the crushing effect is poor, waste materials with large volume can exist after crushing, the waste materials cannot be fully crushed, and the treatment efficiency of the waste materials is influenced; 2. the filter screen is easy to block and clean, waste materials cannot be well screened, and the filtering effect is not ideal. Therefore, we propose a civil engineering construction waste treatment device.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model mainly aims to provide a civil engineering construction waste treatment device which can effectively solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the technical scheme that:
a civil engineering construction waste treatment device comprises a treatment box, wherein a support frame is fixedly arranged at the lower part of the treatment box, a feeding groove is arranged at the upper end of the treatment box, a discharging groove is arranged at the lower end of the treatment box, a driving crushing mechanism is alternately connected to the left side of the rear end of the treatment box, the middle part of the driving crushing mechanism is positioned in the treatment box, two transmission crushing mechanisms are alternately connected to the right side of the rear end of the treatment box and are distributed up and down, the two transmission crushing mechanisms are both in transmission connection with the driving crushing mechanism, extrusion arc-shaped cylinders are fixedly arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the treatment box, the two extrusion arc-shaped cylinders positioned on the same horizontal plane are symmetrically distributed, movable grooves are respectively arranged at the middle part and the lower part of the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the treatment box, and a filtering mechanism is slidably arranged between the two movable grooves positioned on the same horizontal plane, two filtering mechanism is located the below of two broken mechanisms of transmission respectively, the rear end fixed mounting who handles the case has the protection casing No. one, the front end fixed mounting who handles the case has the protection casing No. two, the one end of handling the case is provided with control button.
Preferably, the broken mechanism of drive includes the motor and follows the driving wheel, motor fixed mounting is at the rear inner wall of protection casing No. one, the output fixed mounting of motor has the bull stick, the front end of bull stick runs through the rear end of handling the case and through bearing and the preceding tank wall movable mounting who handles the case, fixed mounting has drive wheel, a crushing roller and drive gear on the bull stick, and a crushing roller is located and handles the incasement, pass through bearing and handling case movable mounting from the driving wheel, fixed mounting has movable rod, No. two crushing rollers and driven gear from the driving wheel, and No. two crushing rollers are located and handle the incasement.
Preferably, movable rod and drive wheel all are located a protection casing, movable rod and drive wheel are located same horizontal plane and common transmission and are connected with the conveyer belt, drive gear and driven gear are located the coplanar and all are located No. two protection casings.
Preferably, the transmission crushing mechanism comprises an installation rod, the rear end of the installation rod is movably installed on the rear box wall of the treatment box through a bearing, the front end of the installation rod penetrates through the front end of the treatment box and is fixedly provided with a transmission gear, the middle of the installation rod is fixedly provided with a third crushing roller, and the third crushing roller is positioned in the treatment box.
Preferably, the transmission gear and the driven gear are positioned on the same plane and are meshed with each other to connect the transmission crushing mechanism with the second crushing roller in a transmission manner, the positions of the third crushing roller and the second crushing roller on the lower portion correspond to each other, the transmission manner of the transmission crushing mechanism and the driving gear is the same as that of the transmission crushing mechanism and the driven gear, and the positions of the third crushing roller and the first crushing roller on the upper portion correspond to each other.
Preferably, the filtering mechanism comprises a filtering plate, sliding blocks are fixedly welded at the left end and the right end of the filtering plate, the sliding blocks are respectively and slidably mounted in corresponding movable grooves, two contraction rods and two springs are fixedly mounted at the lower ends of the sliding blocks, the springs are sleeved outside the contraction rods, and the lower ends of the contraction rods and the springs are fixedly mounted with the lower groove walls of the movable grooves.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the utility model, the first crushing roller and the third crushing roller at the upper part are mutually matched to crush the construction waste at the upper part in the treatment box, and the second crushing roller and the third crushing roller at the lower part are mutually matched to crush the construction waste at the lower part in the treatment box again, so that the crushing is sufficient and efficient, the residue of waste with larger volume is avoided, and the two-time crushing can be realized through one motor, the transmission is stable, the structure is compact, the energy consumption is low, and the practicability is strong.
2. According to the utility model, the telescopic rod is stretched to compress the spring, so that the filter plate moves up and down, and the waste materials blocked in the meshes are vibrated and fall down in the moving process of the filter plate, thereby improving the filtering effect and the treatment efficiency.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing the overall construction of a civil engineering construction waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of a treatment tank of the civil engineering construction waste treatment apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a driving crushing mechanism of the civil engineering construction waste treatment apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing the connection between the driving crushing mechanism and the second crushing roller of the civil engineering construction waste treatment apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a filtering mechanism of the civil engineering construction waste treatment apparatus of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a treatment tank; 2. a support frame; 3. driving the crushing mechanism; 4. a transmission crushing mechanism; 5. a movable groove; 6. a filtering mechanism; 7. extruding the arc-shaped cylinder; 8. a feed chute; 9. a discharge chute; 10. a first protective cover; 11. a second protective cover; 12. a control button; 31. a motor; 32. a rotating rod; 33. a drive wheel; 34. a first crushing roller; 35. a drive gear; 36. a driven wheel; 37. a movable rod; 38. a second crushing roller; 39. a driven gear; 40. a conveyor belt; 41. mounting a rod; 42. a third crushing roller; 43. a transmission gear; 61. a filter plate; 62. a slider; 63. a retracting lever; 64. a spring.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the utility model easy to understand, the utility model is further described with the specific embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", "front", "rear", "both ends", "one end", "the other end", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "connected," and the like are to be construed broadly, such as "connected," which may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Examples
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a civil engineering construction waste treatment device comprises a treatment box 1, a support frame 2 is fixedly arranged at the lower part of the treatment box 1, a feeding groove 8 is arranged at the upper end of the treatment box 1, a discharging groove 9 is arranged at the lower end of the treatment box 1, a driving crushing mechanism 3 is penetratingly connected at the left side of the rear end of the treatment box 1, the middle part of the driving crushing mechanism 3 is positioned in the treatment box 1, two transmission crushing mechanisms 4 are penetratingly connected at the right side of the rear end of the treatment box 1, the two transmission crushing mechanisms 4 are vertically distributed, the two transmission crushing mechanisms 4 are both in transmission connection with the driving crushing mechanism 3, extrusion arc-shaped cylinders 7 are fixedly arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the treatment box 1, the two extrusion arc-shaped cylinders 7 positioned on the same horizontal plane are symmetrically distributed, movable grooves 5 are respectively arranged at the middle part and the lower part of the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the treatment box 1, and a filtering mechanism 6 is slidably arranged between the two movable grooves 5 positioned on the same horizontal plane, two filtering mechanism 6 are located the below of two transmission crushing mechanism 4 respectively, and the rear end fixed mounting who handles case 1 has protection casing 10 No. one, and the front end fixed mounting who handles case 1 has protection casing 11 No. two, and the one end of handling case 1 is provided with control button 12.
In this embodiment, the driving crushing mechanism 3 comprises a motor 31 and a driven wheel 36, the motor 31 is fixedly installed on the rear inner wall of the first protective cover 10, the output end of the motor 31 is fixedly provided with a rotating rod 32, the front end of the rotating rod 32 penetrates through the rear end of the processing box 1 and is movably installed with the front box wall of the processing box 1 through a bearing, the rotating rod 32 is fixedly provided with a driving wheel 33, a first crushing roller 34 and a driving gear 35, the first crushing roller 34 is positioned in the processing box 1, the driven wheel 36 is movably installed with the processing box 1 through a bearing, the driven wheel 36 is fixedly provided with a movable rod 37, a second crushing roller 38 and a driven gear 39, and the second crushing roller 38 is positioned in the processing box 1; the movable rod 37 and the driving wheel 33 are both positioned in the first protection cover 10, the movable rod 37 and the driving wheel 33 are positioned on the same horizontal plane and are jointly in transmission connection with a conveyor belt 40, and the driving gear 35 and the driven gear 39 are positioned on the same plane and are both positioned in the second protection cover 11; the transmission crushing mechanism 4 comprises a mounting rod 41, the rear end of the mounting rod 41 is movably mounted with the rear box wall of the treatment box 1 through a bearing, the front end of the mounting rod 41 penetrates through the front end of the treatment box 1 and is fixedly provided with a transmission gear 43, the middle part of the mounting rod 41 is fixedly provided with a third crushing roller 42, and the third crushing roller 42 is positioned in the treatment box 1; the transmission gear 43 and the driven gear 39 are positioned on the same plane and meshed with each other to connect the transmission crushing mechanism 4 with the second crushing roller 38 in a transmission way, the positions of the third crushing roller 42 and the second crushing roller 38 on the lower part correspond to each other, the transmission way of the transmission crushing mechanism 4 and the driving gear 35 is the same as that of the transmission crushing mechanism 4 and the driven gear 39, and the positions of the third crushing roller 42 and the first crushing roller 34 on the upper part correspond to each other; mutually support through No. one crushing roller 34 and No. three crushing roller 42 on upper portion and carry out the breakage to handling the building waste material on upper portion in the case 1, mutually support through No. two crushing rollers 38 and No. three crushing roller 42 of lower part and carry out breakage once more to the building waste material that falls to handling the lower part in the case 1, broken abundant high-efficient, avoid the great waste material of volume to remain, and can realize twice breakage through a motor 31, the transmission is stable, compact structure, the energy consumption is low, and the practicality is strong.
In the embodiment, the filtering mechanism 6 comprises a filtering plate 61, sliding blocks 62 are fixedly welded at the left end and the right end of the filtering plate 61, the two sliding blocks 62 are respectively slidably mounted in the corresponding movable grooves 5, two contraction rods 63 and two springs 64 are fixedly mounted at the lower ends of the sliding blocks 62, the springs 64 are sleeved outside the contraction rods 63, and the lower ends of the contraction rods 63 and the springs 64 are fixedly mounted with the lower groove walls of the movable grooves 5; through the flexible of shrink pole 63, make the spring 64 compression, make filter 61 reciprocate for filter 61 will block up the waste material vibration whereabouts in the mesh at the process of removing, thereby improve the filter effect, improve the treatment effeciency.
It should be noted that, the utility model is a civil engineering construction waste material processing device, in the concrete using process, the construction waste material is poured into the processing box 1 through the feeding chute 8, then the motor 31 is turned on, the rotating rod 32 is driven by the motor 31 to rotate, the driving wheel 33 and the first crushing roller 34 are driven by the rotating rod 32 to rotate, the driving wheel 33 drives the movable rod 37 to rotate by the conveyor belt 40, so that the second crushing roller 38 and the first crushing roller 34 rotate in the same direction, the transmission is stable, the structure is compact, the third crushing roller 42 is driven to rotate in reverse direction by the engagement of the driving gear 35 and the driven gear 39 with the corresponding transmission gear 43, the upper construction waste material in the processing box 1 is crushed by the mutual cooperation of the first crushing roller 34 and the upper third crushing roller 42, the lower construction waste material falling into the lower part of the processing box 1 is crushed again by the mutual cooperation of the second crushing roller 38 and the lower third crushing roller 42, the breakage is abundant high-efficient, avoids the great waste material of volume to remain, and can realize twice breakage through a motor 31, and the energy consumption is low, and the practicality is strong, at broken building rubbish whereabouts in-process, and flexible through shrink pole 63 makes the compression of spring 64, makes filter 61 reciprocate for filter 61 will block up the waste material vibration whereabouts in the mesh at the process that removes, thereby improves the filter effect, improves treatment effeciency.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles and broad features of the present invention and advantages thereof. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the utility model as claimed. The scope of the utility model is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a civil engineering construction waste material processing apparatus, is including handling case (1), its characterized in that: the lower part of the treatment box (1) is fixedly provided with a support frame (2), the upper end of the treatment box (1) is provided with a feed chute (8), the lower end of the treatment box (1) is provided with a discharge chute (9), the left side of the rear end of the treatment box (1) is alternately connected with a driving crushing mechanism (3), the middle part of the driving crushing mechanism (3) is positioned in the treatment box (1), the right side of the rear end of the treatment box (1) is alternately connected with two driving crushing mechanisms (4), the two driving crushing mechanisms (4) are distributed up and down, the two driving crushing mechanisms (4) are both in driving connection with the driving crushing mechanism (3), the upper part and the lower part of the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the treatment box (1) are both fixedly provided with extrusion arc-shaped cylinders (7), the two extrusion arc-shaped cylinders (7) positioned on the same horizontal plane are distributed in a left-right symmetrical manner, the middle part and the lower part of the left inner wall and the treatment box (1) are both provided with movable chutes (5), and be located between two movable slots (5) of same horizontal plane slidable mounting have filtering mechanism (6), two filtering mechanism (6) are located the below of two broken mechanisms of transmission (4) respectively, the rear end fixed mounting who handles case (1) has protection casing (10) No. one, the front end fixed mounting who handles case (1) has protection casing (11) No. two, the one end of handling case (1) is provided with control button (12).
2. The civil engineering construction waste treatment apparatus of claim 1, wherein: broken mechanism of drive (3) include motor (31) and follow driving wheel (36), motor (31) fixed mounting is at the back inner wall of protection casing (10) No. one, the output fixed mounting of motor (31) has bull stick (32), the front end of bull stick (32) runs through the rear end of handling case (1) and through bearing and the preceding tank wall movable mounting who handles case (1), fixed mounting has drive wheel (33), a crushing roller (34) and drive gear (35) on bull stick (32), and crushing roller (34) are located and handle case (1), follow driving wheel (36) through bearing and handling case (1) movable mounting, fixed mounting has movable rod (37), No. two crushing rollers (38) and driven gear (39) on follow driving wheel (36), and No. two crushing rollers (38) are located and handle case (1).
3. The civil engineering construction waste treatment apparatus of claim 2, wherein: activity pole (37) and drive wheel (33) all are located protection casing (10) No. one, activity pole (37) and drive wheel (33) are located same horizontal plane and common transmission is connected with conveyer belt (40), drive gear (35) and driven gear (39) are located the coplanar and all are located protection casing (11) No. two.
4. The civil engineering construction waste treatment apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the transmission crushing mechanism (4) comprises an installation rod (41), the rear end of the installation rod (41) is movably installed on the rear box wall of the processing box (1) through a bearing, the front end of the installation rod (41) penetrates through the front end of the processing box (1) and is fixedly provided with a transmission gear (43), the middle of the installation rod (41) is fixedly provided with a third crushing roller (42), and the third crushing roller (42) is located in the processing box (1).
5. The civil engineering construction waste treatment apparatus of claim 4, wherein: the transmission gear (43) and the driven gear (39) are located on the same plane and meshed with each other to enable the transmission crushing mechanism (4) to be in transmission connection with the second crushing roller (38), the positions of the third crushing roller (42) and the second crushing roller (38) on the lower portion of the transmission crushing mechanism are corresponding to each other, the transmission mode of the transmission crushing mechanism (4) and the driving gear (35) is the same as that of the transmission crushing mechanism (4) and the driven gear (39), and the positions of the third crushing roller (42) and the first crushing roller (34) on the upper portion of the transmission crushing mechanism are corresponding to each other.
6. The civil engineering construction waste treatment apparatus of claim 1, wherein: filter mechanism (6) include filter (61), the equal fixed welding in both ends has slider (62), two about filter (61) slider (62) slidable mounting respectively in movable groove (5) that correspond, the lower extreme fixed mounting of slider (62) has two shrink poles (63) and two springs (64), and springs (64) cup joint the outside at shrink pole (63), the lower extreme of shrink pole (63) and spring (64) all with the lower cell wall fixed mounting of movable groove (5).
CN202122792939.4U 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 Civil engineering construction waste treatment device Active CN216224608U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122792939.4U CN216224608U (en) 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 Civil engineering construction waste treatment device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122792939.4U CN216224608U (en) 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 Civil engineering construction waste treatment device

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CN216224608U true CN216224608U (en) 2022-04-08

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114849873A (en) * 2022-04-14 2022-08-05 武汉骆驼王建筑工程有限公司 Broken recovery unit of building material waste material

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114849873A (en) * 2022-04-14 2022-08-05 武汉骆驼王建筑工程有限公司 Broken recovery unit of building material waste material

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