CN215902224U - Fruit vegetables discarded object crushing and sorting unit - Google Patents

Fruit vegetables discarded object crushing and sorting unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215902224U
CN215902224U CN202121072989.9U CN202121072989U CN215902224U CN 215902224 U CN215902224 U CN 215902224U CN 202121072989 U CN202121072989 U CN 202121072989U CN 215902224 U CN215902224 U CN 215902224U
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
box
fruit
impurity removing
filter screen
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CN202121072989.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张江波
安红星
李冰化
侯茂莹
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Henan Xintaoyuan Machinery Co ltd
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Henan Xintaoyuan Machinery Co ltd
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Priority to CN202121072989.9U priority Critical patent/CN215902224U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of fruit and vegetable waste treatment, and particularly relates to a fruit and vegetable waste crushing and sorting device which comprises a workbench, wherein a crushing box is arranged at one end of the workbench, an impurity removing box is arranged at the other end of the workbench, a first feeding hopper is arranged at the top end of the impurity removing box, a winnowing device is arranged at the upper end in the impurity removing box, an iron removing device is arranged in the middle of the impurity removing box, a filtering device is arranged at the lower end of the impurity removing box, a second feeding hopper is arranged at the top end of the crushing box, a crushing device is arranged at the upper end in the crushing box, an extruding device is arranged at the lower end of the crushing box, the winnowing device comprises a first belt conveying device, the first belt conveying device is arranged in the impurity removing box and close to the side of the first feeding hopper, an air inlet pipe is arranged in the dust removing box and far away from the side of the first belt conveying device, a plurality of air outlets are arranged on one side of the air inlet pipe, and an air inlet machine is connected to the other side of the dust removing box through a pipeline. The fruit and vegetable waste crushing and squeezing machine is simple in structure and convenient to operate, impurities in fruit and vegetable waste can be separated, the fruit and vegetable waste is crushed and squeezed for dehydration, and juice and solid waste are respectively recycled.

Description

Fruit vegetables discarded object crushing and sorting unit
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of fruit and vegetable waste treatment, and particularly relates to a fruit and vegetable waste crushing and sorting device.
Background
The production process of fruits and vegetables inevitably generates a large amount of waste, and the waste of fruits and vegetables is doped with plastic bags, stones, metals and the like. Plastic bags, stones, metals and the like are doped in the fruit and vegetable waste, so that equipment blockage is caused, production is influenced, and the screen mesh recycling of the fruit and vegetable waste is not facilitated. Therefore, before the fruit and vegetable waste is treated, plastic bags, stones, metals and the like need to be manually screened from the fruit and vegetable waste, so that the method is time-consuming, labor-consuming, unsanitary and harmful to the body of workers.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a fruit and vegetable waste crushing and sorting device which is simple in structure and convenient to operate, can separate sundries in fruit and vegetable waste, crush and squeeze the fruit and vegetable waste for dehydration, and respectively recover and treat juice and solid waste residues.
The utility model provides a broken sorting unit of fruit vegetables discarded object, includes the workstation, one end is equipped with broken case on the workstation, and the other end is equipped with the edulcoration case, edulcoration case top is equipped with first feeder hopper, and edulcoration incasement upper end is equipped with wind selector, and the middle part is equipped with the deironing device, and the lower extreme is equipped with filter equipment, broken case top is equipped with the second feeder hopper, and broken incasement upper end is equipped with breaker, and the lower extreme is equipped with the extrusion device.
Winnowing device includes first belt conveyer, first belt conveyer arranges impurity removal incasement in and is close to first feeder hopper side, it is equipped with the air-supply line to keep away from first belt conveyer side in the dust removal incasement, air-supply line one side is equipped with a plurality of air outlets, and the opposite side has the air inlet machine through the pipe connection, impurity removal case upper end lateral part is equipped with first discharge gate, first discharge gate is corresponding with first belt conveyer's low side.
Deironing device includes second belt conveyer, second belt conveyer is close to first feeder hopper end top and is equipped with the axis of rotation, axis of rotation one end is stretched out the edulcoration case and is connected with the third motor in the transmission, and the axis of rotation rotates with the edulcoration case and be connected, be equipped with the refining pole in the axis of rotation, keep away from first feeder hopper end below between second belt conveyer's belt and be equipped with magnet, magnet is connected with the edulcoration case, second belt conveyer drives the fruit vegetables discarded object and passes between refining pole and magnet, the slope of second belt conveyer below is equipped with first stock guide, edulcoration case lateral part is equipped with the second bin outlet, the second bin outlet is corresponding with the low side of first stock guide.
The extrusion device comprises an extrusion roller set, the extrusion roller set is connected with a crushing box in a rotating mode, third guide plates are arranged on two sides of the upper portion of the extrusion roller set and connected with the crushing box in an inclined mode, a third filter screen is arranged below the extrusion roller set in an inclined mode, a slag discharging port is arranged on the side portion of the lower end of the crushing box and corresponds to the low end of the third filter screen, and a liquid discharge pipe is arranged at the bottom end of the crushing box.
Preferably, the crushing device comprises a crushing shaft, the top end of the crushing shaft extends out of the crushing box and is connected with a second motor in a transmission mode, a plurality of crushing knives are arranged on the crushing shaft, a second filter screen is arranged below each crushing knife, and the second filter screen is connected with the crushing box.
Preferably, filter equipment includes first filter screen, first filter screen slope sets up, and the low side of first filter screen is articulated mutually with the edulcoration case, high-end and edulcoration case sliding connection, the low side of first filter screen is corresponding with first feeder hopper, and the high-end below of first filter screen is equipped with the cam, the cam lateral part is equipped with the camshaft, the camshaft is kept away from the cam end and is stretched out the edulcoration case and the transmission is connected with first motor, and the camshaft rotates with the edulcoration case to be connected, edulcoration case lower extreme lateral part is equipped with the third bin outlet, the third bin outlet is corresponding with the low side of first filter screen, and the third bin outlet bottom is connected with the second stock guide, edulcoration bottom of the case portion is equipped with the third row dirt mouth, the low side of second stock guide is connected with the second feeder hopper.
The fruit and vegetable waste crushing and sorting device also comprises other components which can enable the fruit and vegetable waste crushing and sorting device to be normally used, and the components are conventional technical means in the field. In addition, the undefined devices or components of the present invention are all those conventionally used in the art.
When the utility model is used, the air inlet machine is started, fruit and vegetable wastes are gradually added into the impurity removing box through the first feed hopper, in the gradual feeding process, the air inlet machine blows air to the fruit and vegetable wastes through the air outlet on the air inlet pipe, the plastic bag is blown to the first belt conveyer due to smaller mass, the belt of the first belt conveyer drives the plastic bag to move downwards, when the plastic bag moves to the bottom end of the first belt conveyer, the air blows the plastic bag through the first discharge port, the fruit and vegetable wastes fall onto the second belt conveyer, the third motor drives the rotating shaft to rotate, the rotating shaft drives the material homogenizing rod to rotate, the material homogenizing rod uniformly lays the fruit and vegetable wastes on the belt of the second belt conveyer, the second belt conveyer drives the fruit and vegetable wastes to move and enter the magnetic field generated by the magnet, under the action of the magnetic field force, iron in the fruit and vegetable wastes is adsorbed on the belt of the second belt conveyer, when the fruit and vegetable waste is moved to the tail end of the second belt conveyer, the fruit and vegetable waste falls onto the first filter screen, iron in the fruit and vegetable waste moves towards the end close to the first guide plate along with the belt of the second belt conveyer until the second belt conveyer drives the iron to leave the magnetic field generated by the magnet, the iron falls down and moves out of the impurity removing box through the first guide plate, the first motor drives the cam to rotate, the cam drives the first filter screen to deflect, the fruit and vegetable waste on the first filter screen is screened, impurities such as stones and the like in the fruit and vegetable waste are filtered, the filtered fruit and vegetable waste enters the crushing box through the second guide plate, the second motor drives the crushing shaft to rotate, the crushing shaft drives the crushing cutter to rotate, the crushed fruit and vegetable waste is crushed through the second filter screen and then is extruded through the extrusion roller set, and juice in the fruit and vegetable waste is extruded out, and the juice is discharged through a liquid discharge pipe and can be used for producing methane, and the extruded solid fruit and vegetable waste is discharged through a residue discharge port and can be used as a raw material for producing feed or fertilizer.
The fruit and vegetable waste crushing and squeezing machine has the advantages of being simple in structure and convenient to operate, separating sundries in fruit and vegetable waste, crushing and squeezing and dehydrating the fruit and vegetable waste, and respectively recycling juice and solid waste residues.
Drawings
The utility model is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described more clearly with reference to the accompanying drawings, which are included to illustrate and not to limit the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by those skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, should be included in the scope of the present invention.
Examples
As shown in figure 1, a broken sorting unit of fruit vegetables discarded object, including workstation 1, one end is equipped with broken case 19 on the workstation 1, and the other end is equipped with edulcoration case 4, 4 tops of edulcoration case are equipped with first feeder hopper 10, and the edulcoration is equipped with wind selector in 4 upper ends, and the middle part is equipped with the deironing device, and the lower extreme is equipped with filter equipment, 19 tops of broken case are equipped with second feeder hopper 16, and the broken 19 interior upper ends of case are equipped with breaker, and the lower extreme is equipped with extrusion device.
Winnowing device includes first belt conveyer 11, first belt conveyer 11 is close to first feeder hopper 10 side in arranging impurity removal case 4 in, it is equipped with the air-supply line to keep away from first belt conveyer 11 side in dust removal case 4, air-supply line one side is equipped with a plurality of air outlets 6, and the opposite side has air inlet machine 5 through the pipe connection, 4 upper end lateral parts of impurity removal case are equipped with first discharge gate 12, first discharge gate 12 is corresponding with first belt conveyer 11's low side.
Deironing device includes second belt conveyer 7, second belt conveyer 7 is close to first feeder hopper 10 and serves the top and is equipped with the axis of rotation, axis of rotation one end is stretched out edulcoration case 4 and is connected with the third motor (not shown in the figure) transmission, and axis of rotation and edulcoration case 4 rotate and be connected, be equipped with refining pole 9 in the axis of rotation, it is equipped with magnet 8 to keep away from first feeder hopper 10 end below between second belt conveyer 7's belt, magnet 8 is connected with edulcoration case 4, second belt conveyer 7 drives the fruit vegetables discarded object and passes between refining pole 9 and magnet 8, second belt conveyer 7 below slope is equipped with first stock guide 13, edulcoration case 4 lateral part is equipped with the second bin outlet, the second bin outlet is corresponding with the low side of first stock guide 13.
The extrusion device includes extrusion roller set 22, extrusion roller set 22 rotates with broken case 19 to be connected, and extrusion roller set 22 top is equipped with both sides and all is equipped with third stock guide 21, third stock guide 21 is connected with broken 19 slopes of case, extrusion roller set 22 below slope is equipped with third filter screen 23, broken 19 lower extreme lateral part of case is equipped with row cinder notch 24, row cinder notch 24 is corresponding with the low side of third filter screen 23, broken 19 bottoms of case are equipped with the fluid-discharge tube.
The crushing device comprises a crushing shaft, the top end of the crushing shaft extends out of the crushing box 19 and is in transmission connection with a second motor 17, a plurality of crushing knives 18 are arranged on the crushing shaft, a second filter screen 20 is arranged below the crushing knives 18, and the second filter screen 20 is connected with the crushing box 19.
Filter equipment includes first filter screen 14, first filter screen 14 slope sets up, and first filter screen 14's low side and edulcoration case 4 are articulated mutually, high-end and 4 sliding connection of edulcoration case, first filter screen 14's low side is corresponding with first feeder hopper 10, and first filter screen 14's high-end below is equipped with cam 3, 3 lateral parts of cam are equipped with the camshaft, the camshaft is kept away from cam 3 and is held to stretch out edulcoration case 4 and the transmission is connected with first motor 2, and the camshaft rotates with edulcoration case 4 to be connected, 4 lower extreme lateral parts of edulcoration case are equipped with the third bin outlet, the third bin outlet is corresponding with first filter screen 14's low side, and third bin outlet bottom is connected with second stock guide 15, edulcoration case 4 bottom is equipped with the third dust exhaust mouth, the low side of second stock guide 15 is connected with second feeder hopper 16.
When the utility model is used, the air inlet machine 5 is started, fruit and vegetable wastes are gradually added into the impurity removing box 4 through the first feed hopper 10, in the gradual feeding process, the air inlet machine 5 blows air to the fruit and vegetable wastes through the air outlet 6 on the air inlet pipe, the plastic bag is blown to the first belt conveyer 11 due to the small mass of the plastic bag, the belt of the first belt conveyer 11 drives the plastic bag to move downwards, when the plastic bag moves to the bottom end of the first belt conveyer 11, the air blows the plastic bag out through the first discharge port 12, the fruit and vegetable wastes fall onto the second belt conveyer 7, the third motor drives the rotating shaft to rotate, the rotating shaft drives the material homogenizing rod 9 to rotate, the material homogenizing rod 9 uniformly lays the fruit and vegetable wastes on the belt of the second belt conveyer 7, the second belt conveyer 7 drives the fruit and vegetable wastes to move and enter the magnetic field generated by the magnet 8, under the action of magnetic force, iron in fruit and vegetable wastes is adsorbed on a belt of a second belt conveyer 7, when the fruit and vegetable wastes move to the tail end of the second belt conveyer 7, the fruit and vegetable wastes fall onto a first filter screen 14, the iron in the fruit and vegetable wastes moves towards the end close to a first material guide plate 13 along with the belt of the second belt conveyer 7 until the second belt conveyer 7 drives the iron to leave a magnetic field generated by a magnet, the iron falls down and moves out of an impurity removing box 4 through the first material guide plate 13, a first motor 2 drives a cam to rotate, the cam 3 drives the first filter screen 14 to deflect, the fruit and vegetable wastes on the first filter screen 14 are screened, impurities such as stones in the fruit and vegetable wastes are filtered, the filtered fruit and vegetable wastes enter a crushing box 19 through a second material guide plate 15, a second motor 17 drives a crushing shaft to rotate, the crushing shaft drives a crushing cutter 18 to rotate, the fruit and vegetable waste is crushed, the crushed fruit and vegetable waste is filtered by the second filter screen 20 and then is extruded by the extrusion roller set 22, juice in the fruit and vegetable waste is extruded out and is discharged by the liquid discharge pipe, the juice can be used for producing methane, and the solid fruit and vegetable waste after being extruded is discharged by the slag discharge port 24 and can be used as a raw material for producing feed or fertilizer.
Having described embodiments of the present invention, the foregoing description is intended to be exemplary, not exhaustive, and not limited to the disclosed embodiments. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the scope and spirit of the illustrated embodiments.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a broken sorting unit of fruit vegetables discarded object, includes the workstation, its characterized in that: the working table is provided with a crushing box at one end and an impurity removing box at the other end, the top end of the impurity removing box is provided with a first feed hopper, the upper end in the impurity removing box is provided with a winnowing device, the middle part of the impurity removing box is provided with an iron removing device, the lower end of the impurity removing box is provided with a filtering device, the top end of the crushing box is provided with a second feed hopper, the upper end in the crushing box is provided with a crushing device, the lower end of the crushing box is provided with an extruding device, the winnowing device comprises a first belt conveying device, the first belt conveying device is arranged in the impurity removing box and close to the side of the first feed hopper, the dust removing box is provided with an air inlet pipe far away from the side of the first belt conveying device, one side of the air inlet pipe is provided with a plurality of air outlets, the other side of the air inlet pipe is connected with an air inlet machine through a pipeline, the side part at the upper end of the impurity removing box is provided with a first discharge port corresponding to the lower end of the first belt conveying device, and the iron removing device comprises a second belt conveying device, the second belt conveyer is provided with a rotating shaft above the end close to the first feeding hopper, one end of the rotating shaft extends out of the impurity removing box and is connected with a third motor in a transmission way, the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the impurity removing box, the rotating shaft is provided with a material homogenizing rod, a magnet is arranged between belts of the second belt conveyer and below the end far away from the first feeding hopper, the magnet is connected with the impurity removing box, the second belt conveyer drives fruit and vegetable wastes to pass through the material homogenizing rod and the magnet, a first guide plate is obliquely arranged below the second belt conveyer, a second discharge opening is arranged on the side part of the impurity removing box and corresponds to the low end of the first guide plate, the extruding device comprises an extruding roller group, the extruding roller group is rotatably connected with the crushing box, third guide plates are arranged on two sides above the extruding roller group, and the third guide plates are obliquely connected with the crushing box, the extrusion roller set is characterized in that a third filter screen is obliquely arranged below the extrusion roller set, a slag discharge port is formed in the side portion of the lower end of the crushing box and corresponds to the lower end of the third filter screen, and a liquid discharge pipe is arranged at the bottom end of the crushing box.
2. The fruit and vegetable waste crushing and sorting device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the crushing device comprises a crushing shaft, the top end of the crushing shaft extends out of the crushing box and is connected with a second motor in a transmission mode, a plurality of crushing knives are arranged on the crushing shaft, a second filter screen is arranged below each crushing knife, and the second filter screen is connected with the crushing box.
3. The fruit and vegetable waste crushing and sorting device according to claim 1, characterized in that: filter equipment includes first filter screen, first filter screen slope sets up, and the low side of first filter screen is articulated mutually with the edulcoration case, high-end and edulcoration case sliding connection, the low side of first filter screen is corresponding with first feeder hopper, and the high-end below of first filter screen is equipped with the cam, the cam lateral part is equipped with the camshaft, the camshaft is kept away from the cam end and is stretched out the edulcoration case and the transmission is connected with first motor, and the camshaft rotates with the edulcoration case to be connected, edulcoration case lower extreme lateral part is equipped with the third bin outlet, the third bin outlet is corresponding with the low side of first filter screen, and third bin outlet bottom is connected with the second stock guide, edulcoration bottom of the case portion is equipped with the third dust exhaust mouth, the low side of second stock guide is connected with the second feeder hopper.
CN202121072989.9U 2021-05-18 2021-05-18 Fruit vegetables discarded object crushing and sorting unit Active CN215902224U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121072989.9U CN215902224U (en) 2021-05-18 2021-05-18 Fruit vegetables discarded object crushing and sorting unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121072989.9U CN215902224U (en) 2021-05-18 2021-05-18 Fruit vegetables discarded object crushing and sorting unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215902224U true CN215902224U (en) 2022-02-25

Family

ID=80286978

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121072989.9U Active CN215902224U (en) 2021-05-18 2021-05-18 Fruit vegetables discarded object crushing and sorting unit

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215902224U (en)

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