CN1028147C - Automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts - Google Patents

Automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1028147C
CN1028147C CN 93106948 CN93106948A CN1028147C CN 1028147 C CN1028147 C CN 1028147C CN 93106948 CN93106948 CN 93106948 CN 93106948 A CN93106948 A CN 93106948A CN 1028147 C CN1028147 C CN 1028147C
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China
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machine
frame
sorting
smart
nut
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 93106948
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CN1080825A (en
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麻来友
康克继
陈国荣
徐思雄
肖毓环
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麻来友
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Abstract

The present invention relates to an automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts, which belongs to the field of cracking and sorting nuts. The present invention is mainly composed of a ground funnel (feeding funnel), a feeding funnel conveying device, a cloth bag dust remover, a winnower, a dust remover, a cracker, a half-fine sorting machine, a fine sorting machine, a sorting platform and a bagging machine, wherein single machines are connected in the connection mode that a nut inlet and a nut outlet of two adjacent feeding devices are connected; a power device of each single machine is provided with a transmission device which is composed of an electric motor, a speed reducer, a belt pulley, an output chain wheel and an input chain wheel.

Description

Automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts
The present invention is an automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts equipment, is the system equipment that solves the sorting of the fragmentation of nuts such as almond, peach-pit, fibert pine nut and kernel, relates to the fragmentation of nut and screening, screening field.
Current fragmentation to nut, the be broken sorting etc. of later pericarp and kernel all exists very big problem to the screening of nut and to nut.To above each production routine is to adopt manpower or semimechanized mode to a great extent, though some machineries or equipment have been adopted in the production routine that has such as the fragmentation of nut, but each step all is a kind of units, mechanical performance is relatively poor and produce again can not be continuous, production efficiency is very low, product loss is big, the inventor invented recently the almond disintegrating machine of trough of belt on a kind of pressure roller and a kind of band separator the separate case application utility model patent, it is broken and kernel sorting two large problems effect is fine to have solved nut.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts equipment, a kind of system equipment that solves nut fragmentation, sorting, it all adopts mechanization production with sorting, the fragmentation of the former fruit of nut until sub-electing each road program of kernel, and each several part machinery forms a whole promptly streamlined production equipment continuously.Can reduce the benevolence rate of hindering of kernel, improve the yield of nut kernel greatly and guarantee that kernel takes off the quality of nuclear.
The present invention is realized by following technical scheme, and automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts equipment mainly is made up of ground bucket, dedusting mechanism, crushing mechanism, sorting mechanism and transmission mechanism,
Dedusting mechanism comprises selection by winnowing feeding device 4, winnowing machine 5, dust removal machine 7 and bag-type dust machine 1, selection by winnowing feeding device 4 connects separator 5 and ground bucket 3, so that nut is sent to winnowing machine 5 by ground bucket 3, bag-type dust machine 1 links to each other with dust removal machine 7 with winnowing machine 5 respectively by dust removing tube 2, to reclaim the dust in winnowing machine 5 and dust removal machine 7 dust removal processes;
Crushing mechanism comprises broken feeding device and disintegrating machine 9, broken feeding device 8, disintegrating machine 9 is communicated with dust removal machine 7, so that the nut through dedusting is transported to the structure of disintegrating machine 9 in broken 9 mainly by the smart portions of nut, nut broken segment and transport portion three parts are formed, the smart portions of nut is made up of aperture different interior rotary screen 48 with holes and inside spin plate 49 by sieving on the wall at the first half of whole frame 63, at its front end feed hopper 40 is arranged, the nut broken segment is the Lower Half in whole frame, it mainly is to be main part by the paired crushing roll 52 of trough of belt principal and subordinate, elevating hopper 51 is installed on it, blanking is equipped with conveyer belt 64, and conveyer belt 64 is positioned at the crushing roll bottom;
Sorting mechanism comprises rough segmentation feeding device 10, thick half smart extension set 11, the smart feeding device 12 that divides, smart extension set 14 of belt and hand picking platform 13, the nut of rough segmentation feeding device after with fragmentation is transported to thick half smart extension set, this machine is a drum-type rotary screen in installing on frame 69, the structure of thick half smart extension set 11 is drum-type rotary screens 79 in installing on frame 69, two sections of front and back are divided in the aperture on the compass screen surface, back segment has kernel sieve aperture 70, onal sieve aperture 71 is arranged on the leading portion, two sections screen-aperture differences, a sets of transmission mechanism was installed in the upper end before spiral plate 72 frames were installed in the sieve, it is kernel recovering hopper 83 and disintegrating slag recovering hopper 82 and onal recovering hopper 85 that one cover recovering hopper is installed under the frame, the smart feeding device that divides is arranged between thick half smart extension set and the smart formula machine of belt, carry out that smart to divide the structure of smart extension set 14 be at the frame front end one cover power and transmission mechanism to be installed so that give smart extension set with material, its critical piece is that a driving shaft 91 is arranged in the middle of the frame, be equipped with driving shaft 93 with the one section distance in the above, down a lower shaft being installed at it is driven shaft 88, in the outer package of three axles and support one deck sorting band 89, feed hopper 96 is installed at the frame front end.
Its course of work and principle are: material struggles against with sending into, make impurities in raw materials (stone by ground bucket outlet → selection by winnowing feeding device → winnowing machine, waddy, the grass hair) removes, it is broken by the flat conveyer belt of winnowing machine → dedusting feeding device → dust removal machine the apricot flesh of impurity remnants of raw material such as fruit stone epidermis and epidermis earth elimination → broken feeding device → disintegrating machine will to be examined again, and the conveyer belt → rough segmentation feeding device → thick half smart extension set in disintegrating machine of the skin benevolence compound after the fragmentation makes and sieve away the remaining skin close with the kernel size and kernel → essence branch feeding device → smart extension set greater than the onal of kernel and onal less than kernel and kernel is separated with skin select kernel → cull board and transport through desk checking → packing.
The invention has the advantages that: 1. machining accuracy height, because reasonable in design the making of disintegrating machine of the present invention hindered the benevolence rate and be reduced to 1%, the benevolence rate is minimum to be not less than 10% and existing crumbling method is hindered.2. automaticity height, the present invention makes 90% above workload realize automatic and mechanical, and each production routine saves a large amount of manpowers and one of an administrative expenses manpower just saves 80%.3. with short production cycle, improve minimum 3 times with automatic production line of the present invention than stand-alone device productivity ratio.4. fragmentation and sorting index improve, and cooperate rationally because each program of streamline is combined closely, and fragmentation and sorting index can be reached more than 99%.Comprehensive above advantage claims the original creation of nut processing industry.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of winnowing machine among Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of dust removal machine 7 among Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic cross-sectional view of dust removal machine 7 among Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structure chart of disintegrating machine 9 among Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structure chart of thick half smart extension set 11 among Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structure chart of the smart extension set 14 of belt among Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the construction profile of the smart extension set 14 of belt among Fig. 1 of the present invention.
The present invention is further elaborated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples: as shown in Figure 1.The present invention by ground bucket 3, winnowing machine 5, dust removal machine 7, disintegrating machine 9, thick half smart extension set 11 and smart extension set 14 and bag-type dust machine 1 totally seven parts forms, between each machine by selection by winnowing feeding device 4, dedusting feeding device 6, broken feeding device 8 and rough segmentation feeding device 10 and smart divide feeding device 12 substeps in order connection constitute a system.Between bag-type dust machine 1, winnowing machine 5 and dust removal machine 7, be communicated with by dedusting pipeline 2.The structure division of each unit is as follows.
1, the structure of winnowing machine as shown in Figure 2, front end in selection by winnowing frame 20 connects fan supporter 19, blower fan 18 is installed on it, selection by winnowing pipeline 16 pipelines 16 upper ends are installed on the frame 20 are equipped with hopper 17, its rear end is connected with the dedusting pipeline by dedusting pipe interface 15, being connected and installed 3 recovering hoppers with pipeline 16 below frame is heavy seeds recovering hopper 21, fruit stone recovering hopper 22 and light impurity recovering hopper 24.Conveyer belt 23 is installed below recovering hopper 22.
Its operation principle with order is: it is different with landing point and material and impurity sorting are come that winnowing machine mainly is based on impurity and the proportion of the almond track of conduct that do not coexist under the wind-force effect separately.Its job order is; Initial material is by the hopper 17 of bucket 3 outlets in ground through selection by winnowing feeding device 4 input winnowing machines, material is fallen by the hopper end opening, simultaneously under the effect of power source blower fan, make material be subjected to the effect of horizontal direction, impurity that proportion is bigger such as stone soil block displacement minimum, at first fall into heavy seeds recovering hopper 21, smaller impurity such as waddy grass hair displacement maximum are fallen in the light impurity recovering hopper, have only the suitable material of proportion just can fall into the recovering hopper 22 of almond, fruit stone is exported in the flat conveyer belt 23 of hopper outlet, material (kernel) is transported to then carries out next process on the dedusting feeding device 6.
2, the structure of dust removal machine such as Fig. 3 are shown in Figure 4, and critical piece is to be connect by two-layer cylinder and carriage motor sprocket wheel to constitute.One cover rotary screen promptly is installed on support 36, is comprised that rotary screen 41, two rotary screens are supported by gripper shoe 40 in circular outer rotary screen 26 and the hexagon to connect, its outside is equipped with and is sealed in backplate 27 and side seal backplate 39 be sealed in it.On the end support feed hopper 34 is installed on rotary screen preceding, upper rear end is installed dedusting pipe interface 25 and the dedusting pipeline joins.An end is installed motor 28 and decelerator 30 on support, be connected with 31 usefulness belts by two belt pulleys 29, roll urceolus sprocket wheel 33 by decelerator output chain gear 32 again and connect, sprocket wheel 33 drives rotary screen and rotates, and impurity recovering hopper 37 and fruit stone recovering hopper 38 are installed on frame 36.
Its operation principle and program are: the screen-aperture of interior rotary screen is less than the almond external diameter, what interior rotary screen 41 was selected for use is hexagon, (fruit stone rotates with cylinder behind the rotary screen 41 in hopper 34 enters to make material from dedusting feeding device 6, the earth and the remaining pulp of fruit stone epidermis are broken away from fruit stone, make fruit stone outside cleaning.The impurity that breaks away from sifts out through sieve aperture 26 with the rotary screen rotation and falls into impurity recovering hopper 37, is suspended in aerial dust and is absorbed by the bag-type dust machine by dedusting interface 25.To fall into the recovering hopper 38 of material when material rolls in cylinder, and then change on the broken feeding device 8.
3, the structure of disintegrating machine as shown in Figure 5, its structure mainly is made up of fruit stone sorting part, fruit stone broken segment and fruit stone transport portion three parts.Fruit stone sorting part is made up of the interior rotary screen 48 and the inside spin plate 49 in different hole, aperture by sieving on the wall at whole frame 63 first halves, at its front end feed hopper 46 is arranged, its transmission device is progressively to be connect mutually by the belt chain respectively by motor 42, motor pulley 43, reducer pulley 44 and the decelerator output chain gear 45, cylinder input sprocket 47 and the support roller group 50 that are installed in frame 63 preceding upper ends to constitute.The fruit stone broken segment is the Lower Half in whole frame, and it mainly is to be main part by the paired crushing roll 52 of the principal and subordinate of trough of belt, and its upper end is equipped with elevating hopper 51, and conveyer belt 64 is installed below.Its transmission device is to be connected by the belt pulley 53 of motor 57 by belt pulley 54 and decelerator 56 to connect the driving wheel 60 on the driving shaft 61 again and then connect pressure sprocket wheel 59 and crushing roll input sprocket 58 through decelerator output chain gear 55 again.Its transport portion is that the belt pulley 66 of motor pulley connection reducer 68 connects conveyer belt sprocket wheel 65 by decelerator sprocket wheel 67 again.Conveyer belt 64 is passed in motion.
Its operation principle and program are: the cleaning material that is transmitted by feeding device 8 is sent feeding mouth 46 to and is entered in the cylinder 48; into each elevating hopper 51 is gone in ascending screening respectively through holes of drum; drop in the middle of breaker roll two rollers by each elevating hopper end opening; because being two ditches of belt grooves, breaker roll becomes the prismatic mouth relatively; fruit stone just in time is stuck in therebetween in the import; the extruding of rolling relatively of two rollers, pressure drops on the fruit stone shuttle limit, not only squeezes skin broken but also protected kernel.Under the fruit stone batch mixing of fragmentation, drop on the conveyer belt 64, be sent to again and carry out next process on the rough segmentation feeding device 10.
4, the structure of thick half smart extension set as shown in Figure 6, it is a drum-type rotary screen 79 in installing on frame 69, kernel sieve aperture 70 is arranged on it, also has onal sieve aperture 71, be equipped with spiral plate 72 in the sieve, frame 69 front ends are installed into hopper 80, and a cover transmission device motor 73, decelerator 76 belt pulley 74 and 75 and output chain gear 77, input sprocket 78 and one group of support roller 81 is separately installed in preceding upper end.Disintegrating slag recovering hopper 83 and onal recovering hopper 85 are installed under the frame.
Its operation principle and program are: the batch mixing after the fragmentation is conveyed into charging aperture 80 by feeding device 10 and enters in the rotary screen 79, be divided into two districts in the cylinder, first district's sieve aperture is little, the onal that sieve falls less than kernel falls into disintegrating slag recovering hopper 82, greater than the material in the local area sieve aperture along with cylinder turns to second area forward, because of the hole greater than kernel so kernel and the nuclear skin etc. that is same as kernel sift falls within the recovering hopper 83, change over to by conveyer belt and to carry out next process smart the branch on the feeding device 12, reclaim and fall into onal recovering hopper 84 from the screen drum other end greater than the onal of kernel.
5, smart extension set structure as shown in Figure 7: at frame 85 front ends motor 87 is installed, connection reducer belt pulley 86, connect jackshaft idle wheel 90 again, be connected with last axle sprocket wheel 92 again by chain, a driving shaft 91 is installed in the middle of the frame, segment distance is installed a driving shaft 93 above it, and it is driven shaft 88 of equidistant installation down, three outer package and support one deck sorting band 89.The upper end is installed into hopper 96 before frame.
Its operation principle and program are: roughly select later material and send into elevating hopper 96 through feeding device 12, elevating hopper 96 end openings will drop under the material on the sorting band 89 of refiner, kernel tumbles down along the slope of sorting band 89, drop in the kernel recovering hopper, pericarp tumbles down along the slope of sorting band 89, drop in the kernel recovering hopper, pericarp will turn to the back with the sorting band and drop naturally or brush recovery through cleaning brush, be mixed in nuclear skin in the kernel in addition individually and promptly send into cull board 13 through next procedure again and can pack through manually selecting a little.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts equipment mainly is made up of ground bucket, dedusting mechanism, crushing mechanism, sorting mechanism and transmission mechanism, it is characterized in that:
Dedusting mechanism comprises selection by winnowing feeding device 4, winnowing machine 5, dust removal machine 7 and bag-type dust machine 1, selection by winnowing feeding device 4 connects separator 5 and ground bucket 3, so that nut is sent to winnowing machine 5 by ground bucket 3, bag-type dust machine 1 links to each other with dust removal machine 7 with winnowing machine 5 respectively by dust removing tube 2, to reclaim the dust in winnowing machine 5 and dust removal machine 7 dust removal processes;
Crushing mechanism comprises broken feeding device and disintegrating machine 9, broken feeding device 8, disintegrating machine 9 is communicated with dust removal machine 7, so that the nut through dedusting is transported to the structure of disintegrating machine 9 in broken 9 mainly by the smart portions of nut, nut broken segment and transport portion three parts are formed, the smart portions of nut is made up of aperture different interior rotary screen 48 with holes and inside spin plate 49 by sieving on the wall at the first half of whole frame 63, at its front end feed hopper 40 is arranged, the nut broken segment is the Lower Half in whole frame, it mainly is to be main part by the paired crushing roll 52 of trough of belt principal and subordinate, elevating hopper 51 is installed on it, blanking is equipped with conveyer belt 64, and conveyer belt 64 is positioned at the crushing roll bottom;
Sorting mechanism comprises rough segmentation feeding device 10, thick half smart extension set 11, the smart feeding device 12 that divides, smart extension set 14 of belt and hand picking platform 13, the nut of rough segmentation feeding device after with fragmentation is transported to thick half smart extension set, this machine is a drum-type rotary screen in installing on frame 69, and the structure of thick half smart extension set 11 is drum-type rotary screens 79 in installing on frame 69, and aperture branch front and back are two sections on the compass screen surface.Back segment has kernel sieve aperture 70, onal sieve aperture 71 is arranged on the leading portion, two sections screen-aperture differences, a sets of transmission mechanism was installed in the upper end before spiral plate 72 frames were installed in the sieve, it is kernel recovering hopper 83 and disintegrating slag recovering hopper 82 and onal recovering hopper 85 that one cover recovering hopper is installed under the frame, the smart feeding device that divides is arranged between thick half smart extension set and the smart extension set of belt, carry out that smart to divide the structure of smart extension set 14 be at the frame front end one cover power and transmission mechanism to be installed so that give smart extension set with material, its critical piece is that a driving shaft 91 is arranged in the middle of the frame, be equipped with driving shaft 93 with the one section distance in the above, down a lower shaft being installed at it is driven shaft 88, in the outer package of three axles and support one deck sorting band 89, feed hopper 96 is installed at the frame front end.
2, automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: winnowing machine 5 is installed blower fan 18 by frame 20 front ends, selection by winnowing pipeline 16 is installed on frame 20, hopper 17 is installed in pipeline 16 upper ends, its rear end is connected with dedusting pipeline 2 by dedusting pipe interface 15, being connected and installed 3 recovering hoppers with pipeline 16 below frame is heavy seeds recovering hopper 21, fruit stone recovering hopper 22 and light impurity recovering hopper 24, and conveyer belt 23 is installed below recovering hopper 22.
3, nut sorting automatic production line equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: dust removal machine 7 critical pieces are by a cover rotary screen is installed on the support 36, comprise rotary screen 41 in circular outer rotary screen 26 and the hexagon, two-layer rotary screen is supported by gripper shoe 40 and connects, sealing backplate 27 and side seal backplate 39 are housed on the frame, front end at rotary screen is equipped with feed hopper 34, dedusting pipeline 25 is installed rearward end and dedusting pipeline 2 joins, and its power and transmission mechanism are installed in the preceding upper end of frame 36.
CN 93106948 1993-06-16 1993-06-16 Automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts Expired - Fee Related CN1028147C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 93106948 CN1028147C (en) 1993-06-16 1993-06-16 Automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 93106948 CN1028147C (en) 1993-06-16 1993-06-16 Automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1080825A CN1080825A (en) 1994-01-19
CN1028147C true CN1028147C (en) 1995-04-12

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 93106948 Expired - Fee Related CN1028147C (en) 1993-06-16 1993-06-16 Automatic flow process line for cracking and sorting nuts

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100539880C (en) * 2007-09-30 2009-09-16 卢春贵 Nut crusher
CN101946965B (en) * 2010-08-27 2012-05-30 新疆机械研究院股份有限公司 Nut shell breaking separator
CN102499419B (en) * 2011-11-07 2013-08-14 常德市武陵区兴星机械厂 Lotus seed grading shucker
CN103920644B (en) * 2014-04-22 2016-07-06 承德亚欧果仁有限公司 A kind of pit crushing-separating apparatus
CN106031917A (en) * 2015-03-20 2016-10-19 沈阳金海隆兴农牧科技有限公司 Corn impurity removing device and working method thereof
CN106144639B (en) * 2016-08-20 2018-04-20 湖南天下洞庭粮油实业有限公司 Grain transition conveying, removal of impurities, separation system
CN107470121A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-15 无锡厚发自动化设备有限公司 A kind of screening technique of granule materials

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