CN216756753U - Foam board waste recovery device - Google Patents

Foam board waste recovery device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216756753U
CN216756753U CN202220145244.9U CN202220145244U CN216756753U CN 216756753 U CN216756753 U CN 216756753U CN 202220145244 U CN202220145244 U CN 202220145244U CN 216756753 U CN216756753 U CN 216756753U
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
foam board
circulating fan
bin
cyclone
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CN202220145244.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王景岩
李均瑞
张增兵
李文元
张月兵
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Hebei Shengchuan Decoration Material Co ltd
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Hebei Shengchuan Decoration Material Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of foam board recovery equipment, in particular to a foam board waste recovery device; the foam particle crusher can fully crush foam particles, avoids materials from blocking a screw extruder, reduces dust impurity in the materials, and is more convenient and practical; the material circulating fan, the storage bin and the spiral extrusion mechanism are fixedly arranged on the frame, the cyclone is fixedly arranged on the storage bin, the input end of the material circulating fan extends into the bottom of the storage bin, and the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing box, a first driving mechanism, a rotating shaft and a plurality of groups of crushing knives uniformly distributed on the rotating shaft; the spiral extrusion mechanism comprises a charging barrel, a spiral conveying rod rotatably arranged in the charging barrel and a second driving mechanism for providing power for the spiral conveying rod; the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism are both preferably speed reducing motors.

Description

Foam board waste recovery device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of foam board recovery equipment, in particular to a foam board waste recovery device.
Background
As is well known, a foam board waste recycling device is a device for crushing and recycling foam board waste; publication No. CN214394977U discloses a foam recovery device, comprising: the material receiving barrel is communicated with a discharge hole of the bin body; the output element extends into the material receiving cylinder along the axis of the material receiving cylinder, and can extrude the foam entering the material receiving cylinder and convey the foam towards one end of the material receiving cylinder when rotating. According to the technical scheme, the material receiving barrel is arranged below the bin body and used for receiving the small pieces of foam crushed in the bin body, the output element arranged in the material receiving barrel is used for acting on the small pieces of foam, on one hand, the foam is extruded and the small pieces of foam are extruded together, meanwhile, as the output element can rotate in the material receiving barrel, the extruded foam and the inner wall of the material receiving barrel can be forced to rub when the output element rotates, the foam is extruded into a solid state, finally, the foam in the solid state is output to the tail end of the material receiving barrel, and the extruded foam is discharged from the material receiving barrel, so that the space occupied by waste foam recovery is reduced; in use, the foam particles after crushing treatment are large in size, the blockage of materials in the material receiving barrel is easily caused, more dust in the materials influences the quality of recovered materials, and the practicability is poor.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the utility model provides the foam board waste recovery device which can fully crush foam particles, prevent materials from blocking a screw extruder, reduce dust impurity in the materials and is more convenient and practical.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides the following technical scheme: comprises a frame, a bin, a material circulating fan, a swirler, a crushing mechanism and a spiral extrusion mechanism, the material circulating fan, the storage bin and the spiral extrusion mechanism are all fixedly arranged on the frame, the cyclone is fixedly arranged on the storage bin, the input end of the material circulating fan extends into the bottom in the storage bin, the output end of the material circulating fan is communicated with the input end of the cyclone, the crushing mechanism is fixedly arranged at the output end of the cyclone, the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing box, a first driving mechanism, a rotating shaft and a plurality of groups of crushing knives which are uniformly distributed on the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is rotatably arranged in the crushing box, the first driving mechanism is fixedly arranged on the crushing box, the output end of the first driving mechanism is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft, the crushing mechanism is positioned above the storage bin, the spiral extrusion mechanism is positioned at the bottom of the storage bin, and the input end of the spiral extrusion mechanism extends into the bottom of the storage bin; the spiral extrusion mechanism comprises a material barrel, a spiral conveying rod rotatably arranged in the material barrel and a second driving mechanism for providing power for the spiral conveying rod; the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism both preferably adopt speed reducing motors.
Preferably, still include vibration screening mechanism, vibration screening mechanism includes sieve fill, four group's elastic support, vibrating motor and storage hoppers, and the equal fixed mounting of four group's elastic support is on the feed bin, sieve fill fixed mounting is on four group's elastic support, vibrating motor fixed mounting is on the sieve fill, the right part discharge end that the sieve was fought is located the top of feed bin, the sieve is fought and is located between rubbing crusher and the feed bin.
Preferably, the material recycling device further comprises a material recycling pipe, one end of the material recycling pipe extends into the inner bottom of the storage hopper, the other end of the material recycling pipe is communicated with the input end of the material circulating fan, and the material recycling pipe is provided with a discharge valve.
Preferably, the sieve hopper is obliquely arranged in a manner of being low at the left and high at the right.
Preferably, the dust collector also comprises a dust collection box, a dust collection filter material is arranged in the dust collection box, and a dust discharge end of the cyclone extends into the dust collection box; the dust collecting filter material is preferably made of fiber yarns.
(III) advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a foam board waste recovery device, which has the following beneficial effects: this cystosepiment waste recycling device, put into to the feed bin through breaking off with the fingers and thumb the massive cystosepiment that is tentatively, start material circulating fan, after material circulating fan pressurization, massive cystosepiment and dust all enter into to the swirler in, after the swirler effect, dust and massive cystosepiment separation, massive cystosepiment enters into to smashing the incasement, start first actuating mechanism, after the transmission, smash the incasement massive cystosepiment that will smash and smash, the foam granule after smashing falls into in the feed bin, so reciprocal circulation, carry out abundant crushing to the cystosepiment, the cystosepiment is through abundant crushing back, handle the back through the screw extrusion mechanism, make the granule material discharge after being extruded, can carry out abundant crushing to the foam granule, avoid the material to construct into the jam to the screw extruder, reduce dust in the material and mix, and be more convenient and practical.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 2 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 2 in accordance with the present invention;
in the drawings, the reference numbers: 1. a frame; 2. a storage bin; 3. a material circulating fan; 4. a swirler; 5. a crushing box; 6. a first drive mechanism; 7. a rotating shaft; 8. a crushing knife; 9. a screen bucket; 10. elastic support; 11. a vibration motor; 12. a storage hopper; 13. a material return pipe; 14. a discharge valve; 15. a dust collection box; 16. collecting dust and filtering material; 17. and a screw extrusion mechanism.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without making any creative effort based on the embodiments in the present invention, belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the foam board waste recycling device of the present invention comprises a frame 1, a bin 2, a material circulating fan 3, a cyclone 4, a crushing mechanism and a spiral extrusion mechanism 17, wherein the material circulating fan 3, the bin 2 and the spiral extrusion mechanism 17 are all fixedly mounted on the frame 1, the cyclone 4 is fixedly mounted on the bin 2, an input end of the material circulating fan 3 extends to the bottom inside the bin 2, an output end of the material circulating fan 3 is communicated with an input end of the cyclone 4, the crushing mechanism is fixedly mounted on an output end of the cyclone 4, the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing box 5, a first driving mechanism 6, a rotating shaft 7 and a plurality of groups of crushing knives 8 uniformly distributed on the rotating shaft 7, the rotating shaft 7 is rotatably mounted inside the crushing box 5, the first driving mechanism 6 is fixedly mounted on the crushing box 5, an output end of the first driving mechanism 6 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 7, the crushing mechanism is positioned above the stock bin 2, the spiral extrusion mechanism 17 is positioned at the bottom of the stock bin 2, and the input end of the spiral extrusion mechanism 17 extends into the bottom in the stock bin 2; the screw extrusion mechanism 17 comprises a material barrel, a screw conveying rod which is rotatably arranged in the material barrel and a second driving mechanism which provides power for the screw conveying rod; the first driving mechanism 6 and the second driving mechanism preferably adopt speed reducing motors; through will tentatively breaking off and be massive cystosepiment and put into to feed bin 2, start material circulating fan 3, after material circulating fan 3 pressurizes, massive cystosepiment and dust all enter into to swirler 4 in, after swirler 4 effect, the dust separates with massive cystosepiment, massive cystosepiment enters into to smashing incasement 5, start first actuating mechanism 6, after the transmission, smash the case 5 interior massive cystosepiment of sword 8 and smash, the foam particle after smashing falls into in feed bin 2, so reciprocating circulation, carry out abundant crushing to the cystosepiment, the cystosepiment is through abundant crushing back, handle the back through screw extrusion mechanism 17, make the granule material discharge after being extruded, can carry out abundant crushing to the foam particle, avoid the material to cause the jam to screw extrusion mechanism 17, reduce dust in the material and mix, and be more convenient and practical.
The foam board waste recovery device also comprises a vibration screening mechanism, wherein the vibration screening mechanism comprises a screening hopper 9, four groups of elastic supports 10, a vibration motor 11 and a storage hopper 12, the four groups of elastic supports 10 are all fixedly arranged on the storage hopper 2, the screening hopper 9 is fixedly arranged on the four groups of elastic supports 10, the vibration motor 11 is fixedly arranged on the screening hopper 9, the right discharge end of the screening hopper 9 is positioned above the storage hopper 2, and the screening hopper 9 is positioned between the crushing mechanism and the storage hopper 2; in the process is smashed by the circulation to the material, the material falls to sieve fill 9 in, through starting vibrating motor 11, under four group's elastic support 10's effects, sieve fill 9 vibrations, under sieve fill 9's effect, the tiny particle material falls to feed bin 2 in, and the large granule material gets into to storage hopper 12 in after the screening, the tiny particle material can directly extrude the back through screw extrusion mechanism 17 and retrieve, the large granule material can carry out the secondary circulation after the tiny particle material extrusion is carried and smash, can restrict the material granule that gets into to screw extrusion mechanism 17 in, further prevent that the condition of the inside jam of screw extrusion mechanism 17 from taking place, improve material recovery efficiency.
The foam board waste recovery device also comprises a material return pipe 13, wherein one end of the material return pipe 13 extends into the bottom in the storage hopper 12, the other end of the material return pipe 13 is communicated with the input end of the material circulating fan 3, and the material return pipe 13 is provided with a discharge valve 14; the large granule material after the screening is in storage hopper 12, opens relief valve 14, inhales through material circulating fan 3 and transports the back, carries out the recirculation once more with the large granule material and smashes, further improves the circulation crushing effect of material, does not need the manual work to lead the large granule material and transports, and is more convenient laborsaving.
According to the foam board waste recovery device, the sieve hopper 9 is obliquely arranged in a manner that the left part is lower than the right part; the high slope setting in the low right side in a left side through sieve fill 9 can effectively reduce the tiny particle material and get into to storage hopper 12 in, makes the large granule material circulate and smashes, shortens the circulation flow of tiny particle material, improves material recovery efficiency.
The foam board waste recovery device also comprises a dust collection box 15, wherein a dust collection filter material 16 is arranged in the dust collection box 15, and the dust discharge end of the cyclone 4 extends into the dust collection box 15; the dust collecting filter material 16 is preferably made of fiber; the dust enters the dust collection box 15 and can be filtered by the action of the fiber yarn dust collection filter material 16, so that the dust is prevented from being directly discharged to the atmosphere, and the pollution of the dust to the surrounding environment is reduced.
When in use, the first driving mechanism 6 and the second driving mechanism both preferably adopt a speed reducing motor; the foam board which is preliminarily broken into blocks is placed into the material bin 2, the material circulating fan 3 is started, after the material circulating fan 3 is pressurized, the block foam board and dust all enter the cyclone 4, after the action of the cyclone 4, the dust is separated from the block foam board, the block foam board enters the crushing box 5, the first driving mechanism 6 is started, after the transmission, the crushing cutter 8 crushes the block foam board in the crushing box 5, the crushed foam particles fall into the material bin 2, the reciprocating circulation is performed, the foam board is sufficiently crushed, after the foam board is sufficiently crushed, the particle materials are extruded and discharged after being processed by the spiral extrusion mechanism 17, the foam particles can be sufficiently crushed, the blockage of the material on the spiral extrusion mechanism 17 is avoided, the dust impurity in the material is reduced, and the material is more convenient and practical; in the process of circularly crushing materials, the materials fall into the sieve hopper 9, the sieve hopper 9 vibrates under the action of the four groups of elastic supports 10 by starting the vibration motor 11, small-particle materials fall into the bin 2 under the action of the sieve hopper 9, large-particle materials enter the storage hopper 12 after being screened, the small-particle materials can be directly extruded and then recovered by the spiral extrusion mechanism 17, large-particle materials can be secondarily circularly crushed after being extruded and conveyed, material particles entering the spiral extrusion mechanism 17 can be limited, the situation that the inside of the spiral extrusion mechanism 17 is blocked is further prevented, and the material recovery efficiency is improved; the large-particle materials after being screened are placed in the storage hopper 12, the discharge valve 14 is opened, and the large-particle materials are circularly crushed again after being sucked and transported by the material circulating fan 3, so that the circular crushing effect of the materials is further improved, the large-particle materials do not need to be guided and transported manually, and the material circulating and crushing device is more convenient and labor-saving; the sieve hopper 9 is obliquely arranged in a manner of being low at the left and high at the right, so that small particle materials can be effectively reduced from entering the storage hopper 12, large particle materials can be circularly crushed, the circulating flow of the small particle materials is shortened, and the material recovery efficiency is improved; the dust collecting filter material 16 is preferably made of fiber; the dust enters the dust collection box 15 and can be filtered by the action of the fiber yarn dust collection filter material 16, so that the dust is prevented from being directly discharged to the atmosphere, and the pollution of the dust to the surrounding environment is reduced.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. A foam board waste recovery device is characterized by comprising a rack (1), a stock bin (2), a material circulating fan (3), a cyclone (4), a crushing mechanism and a spiral extrusion mechanism (17), wherein the material circulating fan (3), the stock bin (2) and the spiral extrusion mechanism (17) are fixedly arranged on the rack (1), the cyclone (4) is fixedly arranged on the stock bin (2), the input end of the material circulating fan (3) extends into the inner bottom of the stock bin (2), the output end of the material circulating fan (3) is communicated with the input end of the cyclone (4), the crushing mechanism is fixedly arranged at the output end of the cyclone (4), the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing box (5), a first driving mechanism (6), a rotating shaft (7) and a plurality of groups of crushing cutters (8) uniformly distributed on the rotating shaft (7), the rotating shaft (7) can be rotatably arranged in the crushing box (5), first actuating mechanism (6) fixed mounting is on smashing case (5), the output and pivot (7) fixed connection of first actuating mechanism (6), rubbing crusher constructs and is located feed bin (2) top, spiral extrusion mechanism (17) are located feed bin (2) bottom, the input of spiral extrusion mechanism (17) stretches into bottom in feed bin (2).
2. The foam board waste recycling device according to claim 1, further comprising a vibrating screening mechanism, wherein the vibrating screening mechanism comprises a screening hopper (9), four groups of elastic supports (10), a vibrating motor (11) and a storage hopper (12), the four groups of elastic supports (10) are all fixedly mounted on the storage bin (2), the screening hopper (9) is fixedly mounted on the four groups of elastic supports (10), the vibrating motor (11) is fixedly mounted on the screening hopper (9), the right discharge end of the screening hopper (9) is located above the storage bin (2), and the screening hopper (9) is located between the crushing mechanism and the storage bin (2).
3. The foam board waste recycling device according to claim 2, further comprising a material return pipe (13), wherein one end of the material return pipe (13) extends into the bottom of the storage hopper (12), the other end of the material return pipe (13) is communicated with an input end of the material circulating fan (3), and a discharge valve (14) is arranged on the material return pipe (13).
4. The foam board waste recycling device according to claim 3, characterized in that the screen bucket (9) is arranged obliquely with a low left and a high right.
5. The foam board waste recycling device according to claim 4, further comprising a dust collection box (15), wherein a dust collection filter material (16) is arranged in the dust collection box (15), and the dust discharge end of the cyclone (4) extends into the dust collection box (15).
CN202220145244.9U 2022-01-20 2022-01-20 Foam board waste recovery device Active CN216756753U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220145244.9U CN216756753U (en) 2022-01-20 2022-01-20 Foam board waste recovery device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220145244.9U CN216756753U (en) 2022-01-20 2022-01-20 Foam board waste recovery device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216756753U true CN216756753U (en) 2022-06-17

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CN202220145244.9U Active CN216756753U (en) 2022-01-20 2022-01-20 Foam board waste recovery device

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CN (1) CN216756753U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117797936A (en) * 2024-02-28 2024-04-02 河南亿源建设有限公司 Waste treatment device for construction site

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117797936A (en) * 2024-02-28 2024-04-02 河南亿源建设有限公司 Waste treatment device for construction site
CN117797936B (en) * 2024-02-28 2024-05-03 河南亿源建设有限公司 Waste treatment device for construction site

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