CN215783615U - Organic fertilizer preparation facilities - Google PatentsOrganic fertilizer preparation facilities Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN215783615U CN215783615U CN202121611023.8U CN202121611023U CN215783615U CN 215783615 U CN215783615 U CN 215783615U CN 202121611023 U CN202121611023 U CN 202121611023U CN 215783615 U CN215783615 U CN 215783615U
- Prior art keywords
- mixing box
- fixedly connected
- organic fertilizer
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
- 239000003895 organic fertilizer Substances 0.000 title claims abstract description 33
- 238000002360 preparation method Methods 0.000 title claims abstract description 16
- 239000000428 dust Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 80
- 238000002156 mixing Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 43
- 238000000855 fermentation Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 16
- 230000004151 fermentation Effects 0.000 claims abstract description 16
- 238000003756 stirring Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 14
- 240000004282 Grewia occidentalis Species 0.000 claims abstract description 4
- 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 claims description 7
- 239000000779 smoke Substances 0.000 abstract description 22
- 239000002994 raw material Substances 0.000 abstract description 16
- 238000010521 absorption reaction Methods 0.000 abstract description 5
- 238000007599 discharging Methods 0.000 description 4
- 239000002689 soil Substances 0.000 description 3
- 239000000126 substance Substances 0.000 description 3
- 241000196324 Embryophyta Species 0.000 description 2
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000002912 waste gas Substances 0.000 description 2
- 241001465754 Metazoa Species 0.000 description 1
- 230000004075 alteration Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000010828 animal waste Substances 0.000 description 1
- 229910052799 carbon Inorganic materials 0.000 description 1
- 239000012141 concentrate Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000003337 fertilizer Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000001914 filtration Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 description 1
- 244000005700 microbiome Species 0.000 description 1
- 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000004048 modification Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000006011 modification reaction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 235000015097 nutrients Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 235000016709 nutrition Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 230000035764 nutrition Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000002093 peripheral Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000001863 plant nutrition Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000010908 plant waste Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000006467 substitution reaction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000002588 toxic Effects 0.000 description 1
- 231100000331 toxic Toxicity 0.000 description 1
The utility model discloses an organic fertilizer preparation device, which comprises a fermentation box, wherein four corners of the top of the fermentation box are fixedly connected with support columns, the top of the supporting column is fixedly connected with a mixing box, the top of the inner cavity of the mixing box is provided with a crushing component, the bottom of the inner cavity of the mixing box is provided with a stirring component, the utility model is provided with an exhaust fan, a dust hood, a dust absorption pipe, a dust exhaust pipe, a dust collection box and a filter screen, the smoke dust generated during crushing can be absorbed, and then the smoke dust is concentrated in the dust collection box through the filter screen, further preventing the smoke dust from floating everywhere, the structure has the advantage of removing dust from the smoke dust generated during the crushing of the raw materials, solves the problems that the traditional organic fertilizer preparation device mostly has no dust removal function, causes the smoke dust to float everywhere after the crushing, the influence on the surrounding working environment is caused, and further the harm is brought to the body of an operator.
The utility model relates to the technical field of organic fertilizer preparation, in particular to an organic fertilizer preparation device.
The organic fertilizer is prepared from raw materials mainly derived from plants and/or animals, is applied to soil to provide plant nutrition for carbon-containing materials with main functions, is processed by biological substances, animal and plant wastes and plant residues, eliminates toxic and harmful substances in the organic fertilizer, is rich in a large amount of beneficial substances, can provide comprehensive nutrition for crops, has long fertilizer efficiency, can increase and update soil organic matters, promotes the propagation of microorganisms, improves the physicochemical property and the biological activity of the soil, and is a main nutrient for green food production.
When preparing organic fertilizer, need carry out the breakage to the raw materials, often can produce a large amount of smoke and dust at broken in-process, and traditional organic fertilizer preparation facilities do not possess the function of dust removal mostly, cause the broken after smoke and dust to fly away everywhere, cause the influence to surrounding operational environment, and then bring harm for operating personnel's health, for this reason we propose an organic fertilizer preparation facilities, solve above problem of proposing.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide an organic fertilizer preparation device, which has the advantage of removing dust from smoke generated during crushing of raw materials, and solves the problem that most of the traditional organic fertilizer preparation devices do not have the function of removing dust, so that the smoke scatters everywhere after crushing, influences the surrounding working environment, and further brings harm to the bodies of operators.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides an organic fertilizer preparation facilities, includes the fermenting case, the equal fixedly connected with support column in four corners at fermenting case top, the top fixedly connected with mixing box of support column, the top of mixing box inner chamber is provided with broken subassembly, the bottom of mixing box inner chamber is provided with the stirring subassembly, the left side top-down fixedly connected with air exhauster and dust collection box in proper order of mixing box, the top intercommunication of mixing box has the inlet pipe, the left side in inlet pipe inner chamber is inlayed and is equipped with the suction hood, the left side intercommunication of suction hood has the dust absorption pipe, the one end that the suction hood was kept away from to the dust absorption pipe and the top intercommunication of air exhauster, the bottom intercommunication of air exhauster has the dust exhaust pipe, the bottom of dust exhaust pipe and the right side intercommunication at dust collection box top, the inner chamber fixedly connected with filter screen of dust collection box.
Preferably, broken subassembly includes the rotating electrical machines, the rotating electrical machines passes through backup pad and the top fixed connection on mixing box right side, the output fixedly connected with driving gear of rotating electrical machines, the surface toothing of driving gear has driven gear, the equal fixedly connected with pivot in driving gear and driven gear's left side, two the left side of pivot all rotates through the bearing with the left side of mixing box inner chamber to be connected, two the crushing roller has all been cup jointed to the surface of pivot.
Preferably, the stirring subassembly includes driving motor, driving motor and the bottom fixed connection on mixing box right side, driving motor's output fixedly connected with bull stick, the left side of bull stick is passed through the bearing rotation with the left side of mixing box inner chamber and is connected, the front and the back of bull stick are from a left side to the even fixedly connected with puddler in right side.
Preferably, the bottom of the mixing box is communicated with a material discharging pipe, the bottom of the material discharging pipe is communicated with the top of the fermentation box, and the right side of the material discharging pipe is provided with a control valve.
Preferably, the bottom of the left side of the fermentation box is communicated with a discharge pipe, and a valve is arranged at the pipe orifice of the discharge pipe.
Preferably, the bottom of the front face of the dust collection box is communicated with an exhaust pipe, and the front face of the mixing box is embedded with an observation window.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the utility model, by arranging the exhaust fan, the dust hood, the dust collection pipe, the dust exhaust pipe, the dust collection box and the filter screen, smoke dust generated during crushing can be absorbed, and then the smoke dust is concentrated in the dust collection box through the filter screen, so that the smoke dust is prevented from scattering everywhere.
2. According to the utility model, the rotating motor, the driving gear, the driven gear, the rotating shaft and the crushing roller are arranged, so that the raw materials of the organic fertilizer can be crushed, and the raw materials of the organic fertilizer can meet the use standard;
by arranging the driving motor, the rotating rod and the stirring rod, the raw materials of the organic fertilizer can be stirred and uniformly mixed;
the far side in the mixing box can be conveniently discharged into the fermentation box by arranging the discharge pipe and the control valve;
the prepared organic fertilizer can be conveniently discharged by arranging the discharge pipe and the valve;
through setting up the blast pipe, can make things convenient for waste gas to discharge, through setting up the observation window, can conveniently look over the condition in the mixing box.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the mixing box structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the dust bin structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a fermentation tank and a discharge tube configuration of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a fermentation box; 2. a support pillar; 3. a mixing box; 4. a crushing assembly; 41. a rotating electric machine; 42. a driving gear; 43. a driven gear; 44. a rotating shaft; 45. a crushing roller; 5. a stirring assembly; 51. A drive motor; 52. a rotating rod; 53. a stirring rod; 6. an exhaust fan; 7. a dust collection box; 8. a feed pipe; 9. A dust hood; 10. a dust collection pipe; 11. a dust exhaust pipe; 12. a filter screen; 13. a discharge pipe.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-5, an organic fertilizer preparation apparatus comprises a fermentation box 1, wherein support columns 2 are fixedly connected to four corners of the top of the fermentation box 1, a mixing box 3 is fixedly connected to the top of the support columns 2, a crushing assembly 4 is arranged at the top of an inner cavity of the mixing box 3, a stirring assembly 5 is arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the mixing box 3, an exhaust fan 6 and a dust collection box 7 are fixedly connected to the left side of the mixing box 3 from top to bottom in sequence, a feed pipe 8 is communicated with the top of the mixing box 3, a dust hood 9 is embedded in the left side of the inner cavity of the feed pipe 8, a dust collection pipe 10 is communicated with the left side of the dust hood 9, one end of the dust collection pipe 10, which is far away from the dust hood 9, is communicated with the top of the exhaust fan 6, a dust exhaust pipe 11 is communicated with the bottom of the dust exhaust pipe 11, which is communicated with the right side of the top of the dust collection box 7, a filter screen 12 is fixedly connected to the inner cavity of the dust collection box 7, and the organic fertilizer preparation apparatus comprises the exhaust fan 6, Suction hood 9, dust absorption pipe 10, dust exhaust pipe 11, dust collection box 7 and filter screen 12, the smoke and dust that produces when can be with the breakage absorbs, rethread filter screen 12 concentrates on the smoke and dust in dust collection box 7, and then prevent that the smoke and dust from wafting everywhere, through setting up above structure, possess the advantage that can remove dust to the smoke and dust that produces when broken raw materials, solved traditional organic fertilizer preparation facilities and do not mostly possess the function of removing dust, cause the broken smoke and dust to waft everywhere after, cause the influence to operational environment on every side, and then bring the problem of harm for operating personnel's health.
Please refer to fig. 2 and 3, the crushing assembly 4 includes a rotating electrical machine 41, the rotating electrical machine 41 is fixedly connected with the top of the right side of the mixing box 3 through a support plate, an output end fixedly connected with driving gear 42 of the rotating electrical machine 41, the outer surface of the driving gear 42 is engaged with a driven gear 43, the left sides of the driving gear 42 and the driven gear 43 are fixedly connected with a rotating shaft 44, the left sides of the two rotating shafts 44 are rotatably connected with the left side of the inner cavity of the mixing box 3 through bearings, the outer surfaces of the two rotating shafts 44 are respectively sleeved with a crushing roller 45, through the arrangement of the rotating electrical machine 41, the driving gear 42, the driven gear 43, the rotating shaft 44 and the crushing roller 45, the raw materials of the organic fertilizer can be crushed, and the raw materials of the organic fertilizer can meet the use standard.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the stirring assembly 5 includes a driving motor 51, the driving motor 51 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the right side of the mixing box 3, an output end of the driving motor 51 is fixedly connected to a rotating rod 52, the left side of the rotating rod 52 is rotatably connected to the left side of the inner cavity of the mixing box 3 through a bearing, the front and the back of the rotating rod 52 are uniformly and fixedly connected to a stirring rod 53 from left to right, and the organic fertilizer raw materials can be stirred and uniformly mixed by the driving motor 51, the rotating rod 52 and the stirring rod 53.
Referring to fig. 5, the bottom of the mixing box 3 is communicated with a discharge pipe 13, the bottom of the discharge pipe 13 is communicated with the top of the fermentation box 1, a control valve is arranged on the right side of the discharge pipe 13, and the discharge pipe 13 and the control valve are arranged to facilitate discharging the mixture in the mixing box 3 far away into the fermentation box 1.
Referring to fig. 1, the left bottom of the fermentation box 1 is communicated with a discharge pipe, and a valve is arranged at the opening of the discharge pipe, so that the prepared organic fertilizer can be conveniently discharged by arranging the discharge pipe and the valve.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the bottom of the front side of the dust collection box 7 is communicated with an exhaust pipe, the front side of the mixing box 3 is embedded with an observation window, exhaust gas can be conveniently discharged through the exhaust pipe, and the condition in the mixing box 3 can be conveniently checked through the observation window.
When the device is used, plugs of the rotating motor 41, the driving motor 51 and the exhaust fan 6 are electrified, raw materials are placed into the mixing box 3 through the feeding pipe 8, an external switch of the rotating motor 41 is started, the rotating motor 41 rotates, the rotating motor 41 drives the driving gear 42 to rotate, the driving gear 42 drives the driven gear 43 to rotate, the driving gear 42 and the driven gear 43 simultaneously drive the rotating shaft 44 to rotate, and the rotating shaft 44 drives the crushing roller 45 to rotate, so that the raw materials are crushed;
then starting an external switch of the driving motor 51 to enable the driving motor 51 to rotate, enabling the driving motor 51 to drive the rotating rod 52 to rotate, enabling the rotating rod 52 to drive the stirring rod 53 to rotate, and stirring the raw materials of the organic fertilizer to enable the raw materials to be uniformly mixed;
start the peripheral hardware switch of air exhauster 6 simultaneously, the smoke and dust that produces when making air exhauster 6 through suction hood 9 and dust absorption pipe 10 with the breakage absorbs, rethread dust exhaust pipe 11 is discharged the smoke and dust into in the dust collection box 7, filter the smoke and dust through filter screen 12 at last, waste gas after the filtration passes through the blast pipe and discharges, through setting up above structure, possess the advantage that the smoke and dust that produces when can be to broken raw materials removes dust, it does not possess the function of dust removal mostly to have solved traditional organic fertilizer preparation facilities, cause the broken smoke and dust to fly away everywhere after, cause the influence to surrounding operational environment, and then bring the problem of harm for operating personnel's health.
The control mode of the present application is controlled by an external controller, and the control circuit of the controller can be realized by simple circuit connection of those skilled in the art, which belongs to the common knowledge in the art, and the present application mainly protects the mechanical device, so the control mode and the circuit connection are not explained in detail in the present application.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.
1. The utility model provides an organic fertilizer preparation facilities, includes fermenting case (1), its characterized in that: the fermentation box is characterized in that support columns (2) are fixedly connected to four corners of the top of the fermentation box (1), a mixing box (3) is fixedly connected to the top of each support column (2), a crushing component (4) is arranged at the top of an inner cavity of the mixing box (3), a stirring component (5) is arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the mixing box (3), an exhaust fan (6) and a dust collection box (7) are fixedly connected to the left side of the mixing box (3) from top to bottom in sequence, an inlet pipe (8) is communicated with the top of the mixing box (3), a dust hood (9) is embedded in the left side of the inner cavity of the inlet pipe (8), a dust collection pipe (10) is communicated with the left side of the dust collection hood (9), one end, far away from the dust hood (9), of the dust collection pipe (10) is communicated with the top of the exhaust fan (6), a dust discharge pipe (11) is communicated with the right side of the top of the dust collection box (7), the inner cavity of the dust collection box (7) is fixedly connected with a filter screen (12).
2. The apparatus for preparing organic fertilizer according to claim 1, wherein: broken subassembly (4) include rotating electrical machines (41), rotating electrical machines (41) pass through the top fixed connection on backup pad and mixing box (3) right side, the output fixedly connected with driving gear (42) of rotating electrical machines (41), the surface toothing of driving gear (42) has driven gear (43), the equal fixedly connected with pivot (44) in left side of driving gear (42) and driven gear (43), two the left side of pivot (44) all is connected, two through bearing rotation with the left side of mixing box (3) inner chamber the surface of pivot (44) has all cup jointed crushing roller (45).
3. The apparatus for preparing organic fertilizer according to claim 1, wherein: stirring subassembly (5) include driving motor (51), bottom fixed connection on driving motor (51) and mixing box (3) right side, output fixedly connected with bull stick (52) of driving motor (51), the left side of bull stick (52) is passed through the bearing and is rotated with the left side of mixing box (3) inner chamber and is connected, the front and the back of bull stick (52) are from a left side to the even fixedly connected with puddler (53) in right side.
4. The apparatus for preparing organic fertilizer according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom intercommunication of mixing box (3) has row material pipe (13), arrange the top intercommunication of the bottom and fermentation case (1) of material pipe (13), the right side of arranging material pipe (13) is provided with the control valve.
5. The apparatus for preparing organic fertilizer according to claim 1, wherein: the left bottom of the fermentation box (1) is communicated with a discharge pipe, and a valve is arranged at the pipe orifice of the discharge pipe.
6. The apparatus for preparing organic fertilizer according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the front of the dust collection box (7) is communicated with an exhaust pipe, and the front of the mixing box (3) is embedded with an observation window.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN202121611023.8U CN215783615U (en)||2021-07-15||2021-07-15||Organic fertilizer preparation facilities|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN202121611023.8U CN215783615U (en)||2021-07-15||2021-07-15||Organic fertilizer preparation facilities|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN215783615U true CN215783615U (en)||2022-02-11|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN202121611023.8U Active CN215783615U (en)||2021-07-15||2021-07-15||Organic fertilizer preparation facilities|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN215783615U (en)|
- 2021-07-15 CN CN202121611023.8U patent/CN215783615U/en active Active
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