CN215365327U - Landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device - Google Patents

Landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215365327U
CN215365327U CN202120138038.0U CN202120138038U CN215365327U CN 215365327 U CN215365327 U CN 215365327U CN 202120138038 U CN202120138038 U CN 202120138038U CN 215365327 U CN215365327 U CN 215365327U
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water
layer
water inlet
filter bed
gravel
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CN202120138038.0U
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刘静
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Suzhou Yijia Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Suzhou Yijia Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The application relates to a view water micro-ecological filter bed device, include: the accommodating pool comprises a bottom and an inner peripheral wall arranged around the bottom; the water inlet of the water inlet pipeline is positioned outside the accommodating pool, a plurality of water inlet holes are formed in the water inlet pipeline, and the water inlet holes are positioned in the accommodating pool; the substrate packing layer comprises a first gravel layer, a glass light stone layer, a gravel and coarse sand mixing layer and a second gravel layer which are stacked from bottom to top, and the substrate packing layer is positioned below the water inlet; the aquatic plant layer comprises a plurality of aquatic plants and is positioned above the substrate filler layer. The beneficial effect of this application lies in: the application provides a view water microecology filter bed device filters view water through the matrix packing layer of reasonable setting, decomposes the absorption through the pollutant of microorganism to view water, can solve and use prior art to handle not good to view water, the relatively poor problem of quality of water.

Description

Landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of environment-friendly water treatment, in particular to a landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device.
Background
The ecological filter bed is applied to landscape water treatment of artificial lakes or landscape ponds and the like, and the water inflow and water distribution are not controlled in the aspect of application of the existing related ecological filter bed water treatment technology in landscape water treatment cases. The filler is dispersed after being washed by a large amount of water, and the surface of the filler is seriously accumulated with water due to large water amount, so that the water quality of the discharged water is greatly reduced.
Because the treatment capacity of landscape water is larger, the micro-ecological filter bed can not accumulate water on the surface, can not damage the packing layer because of large water inflow, and can also ensure the quality of effluent water, which puts higher requirements on the design of the landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device.
Accordingly, there is a need for improvements in the art that overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The application provides a view water micro-ecological filter bed device can solve among the prior art to view water micro-ecological filter bed device improper design, the play water quality of water problem that filler and porosity are not good to result in. The application provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a view water microecology filter bed device which characterized in that includes:
the accommodating pool comprises a bottom and an inner peripheral wall arranged around the bottom;
the water inlet of the water inlet pipeline is positioned outside the accommodating pool, a plurality of water inlet holes are formed in the water inlet pipeline, and the water inlet holes are positioned in the accommodating pool;
the substrate packing layer comprises a first gravel layer, a glass light stone layer, a gravel and coarse sand mixing layer and a second gravel layer which are stacked from bottom to top, and the substrate packing layer is positioned below the water inlet;
the aquatic plant layer comprises a plurality of aquatic plants and is positioned above the substrate filler layer;
the drainage pipeline is positioned at the bottom, a water outlet of the drainage pipeline is positioned outside the accommodating pool, a plurality of drainage holes are formed in the drainage pipeline, and the drainage holes are positioned below the matrix packing layer;
and after the landscape water enters the water inlet pipeline from the water inlet and enters the accommodating pool from the water inlet hole, the landscape water enters the drainage pipeline from the drainage hole and is discharged from the drainage port after being separated and filtered by the aquatic plant layer and the matrix filler layer in sequence.
In one embodiment, the anti-seepage device further comprises an anti-seepage film, wherein the anti-seepage film is laid on the bottom and the inner peripheral wall, and the thickness of the anti-seepage film is 1.4-1.6 mm.
In one embodiment, the first gravel layer has a thickness of 25-35cm and a gravel particle size of 40-50 mm.
In one embodiment, the thickness of the glass pumice layer is 15-25cm, and the particle size of the glass pumice is 20-30 mm.
In one embodiment, the thickness of the gravel and coarse sand mixed layer is 25-35cm, wherein the size of gravel particles is 10-20mm, and the size of coarse sand particles is 3-5 mm.
In one embodiment, the mixing ratio of the gravel to the coarse sand in the gravel and coarse sand mixing layer is as follows: 60% of gravel and 40% of coarse sand.
In one embodiment, the drain holes are arranged in four rows, the four rows of drain holes are arranged in four different directions of the drainage pipeline from the axis to the outside, the diameter of each drain hole is 8-12mm, and the distance between every two adjacent drain holes in the same row is 25-35 cm.
In one embodiment, the aquatic plants are arranged in a plurality of rows, the row spacing is 40-50cm, and the row spacing between adjacent aquatic plants in the same row is 30-40 cm.
In one embodiment, the aerobic microorganisms are attached to the first gravel layer, the gravel and coarse sand mixed layer and the light glass stone layer.
In one embodiment, anaerobic microorganisms are attached to the second gravel layer.
The beneficial effect of this application lies in: the application provides a landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device, which comprises a holding tank, a drainage pipeline, a matrix filler layer, an aquatic plant layer, a water inlet pipeline and the like, wherein landscape water is filtered through the matrix filler layer which is reasonably arranged, and pollutants in the landscape water are decomposed and absorbed through microorganisms, so that the problems of poor treatment and poor water quality of landscape water in the prior art can be solved; the time of landscape water in the micro-ecological filter bed device can be effectively controlled by adjusting the porosity and the compactness of the water inlet pipeline and the water outlet pipeline, so that the surface of the micro-ecological filter bed device is not accumulated with water or blocked, and the service life of the micro-ecological filter bed device is prolonged; the landscape water is treated by physical filtration and microbial treatment, and the method has the advantages of high degree of integration, good stability and simple operation.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device according to an embodiment of the present application.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict.
In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that the terms "center," "longitudinal," "lateral," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like are used in the orientation or positional relationship indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the present application and for simplicity in description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated in a particular manner, and are not to be considered limiting of the scope of the present application. Furthermore, the terms "first", "second", etc. are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first," "second," etc. may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the invention of the present application, the meaning of "a plurality" is two or more unless otherwise specified.
In the description of the present application, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art from the specific context
The utility model provides a view water microecology filter bed device which characterized in that includes:
the accommodating pool comprises a bottom and an inner peripheral wall arranged around the bottom;
the water inlet pipeline 7 is used for introducing landscape water to be purified from the outside, a water inlet of the water inlet pipeline 7 is positioned outside the accommodating pool, a plurality of water inlet holes are formed in the water inlet pipeline 7, and the water inlet holes are positioned in the accommodating pool;
the substrate packing layer is used for separating particulate matters and water in landscape water and decomposing pollutants in the landscape water so as to achieve the effect of purifying the landscape water, and comprises a first gravel layer 3, a glass light stone layer 4, a gravel and coarse sand mixing layer 5 and a second gravel layer 6 which are stacked from bottom to top, wherein the substrate packing layer is positioned below the water inlet;
the aquatic plant layer 8 comprises a plurality of aquatic plants and is positioned above the substrate filler layer, and specifically, the aquatic plants grow above the second gravel layer 6;
the drainage pipeline 2 is positioned at the bottom, a drainage port of the drainage pipeline 2 is positioned outside the accommodating pool, a plurality of drainage holes are formed in the drainage pipeline 2 and positioned below the matrix packing layer, and landscape water separated by the matrix packing layer enters the drainage pipeline 2 from the drainage holes and is drained from the drainage port;
landscape water enters the water inlet pipeline 7 from the water inlet, then enters the accommodating pool from the water inlet hole, is separated and filtered by the aquatic plant layer 8 and the matrix filler layer in sequence, and then enters the water drainage pipeline 2 from the water drainage hole and is drained from the water drainage hole.
In one embodiment, the landscape water seepage-proofing device further comprises a seepage-proofing film 1, wherein the seepage-proofing film 1 is laid on the bottom and the inner peripheral wall and is used for ensuring that landscape water does not leak out. The thickness of the impermeable membrane 1 is 1.4-1.6 mm. Preferably, the impermeable membrane 1 is welded on the bottom and the inner peripheral wall of the holding tank, and the thickness of the impermeable membrane 1 is set to be 1.5 mm.
In order to ensure the filtering effect, in one embodiment, the thickness of the first gravel layer 3 is 25 to 35cm, and the gravel particle size is 40 to 50 mm.
In order to ensure the filtering effect, in one embodiment, the thickness of the glass pumice layer 4 is 15-25cm, and the particle size of the glass pumice is 20-30 mm.
In order to ensure the filtering effect, in one embodiment, the thickness of the gravel and coarse sand mixed layer 5 is 25-35cm, wherein the particle size of the gravel is 10-20mm, and the particle size of the coarse sand is 3-5 mm.
In order to ensure the filtering effect, in one embodiment, the mixing ratio of the gravel and the coarse sand in the gravel and coarse sand mixing layer 5 is as follows: 60% of gravel and 40% of coarse sand.
In one embodiment, the drain holes are arranged in four rows, the four drain holes are arranged in four different directions of the drainage pipeline 2 from the axis to the outside, the diameter of each drain hole is 8-12mm, and the distance between every two adjacent drain holes in the same row is 25-35 cm. The design can effectively control the water inlet speed of landscape water and ensure that no water is accumulated on the surface of the micro-ecological filter bed device.
In order to ensure the filtering effect, in one embodiment, the aquatic plants are arranged in a plurality of rows, the row spacing is 40-50cm, and the plant spacing of the adjacent aquatic plants in the same row is 30-40 cm.
The biological film formed by the microorganisms is attached to the surface of the matrix filler layer and is used for decomposing pollutants in the landscape water so as to achieve the function of purifying the landscape water. Wherein, the microorganism includes aerobic microorganism and anaerobic microorganism, and several layers above the matrix packing layer are attached to aerobic microorganism, and several layers below the matrix packing layer are attached to anaerobic microorganism. In one embodiment, aerobic microorganisms are attached to the first gravel layer 3, the gravel and grit mixed layer 5 and the light glass stone layer 4. In one embodiment, anaerobic microorganisms are attached to the second gravel layer 6. By the design, the micromolecule pollutants which are easy to decompose in the pollutants can be decomposed by the aerobic microorganisms, and the remaining macromolecule pollutants which are difficult to decompose can be continuously decomposed by the anaerobic microorganisms, so that the landscape water purification effect is achieved.
In one embodiment, the device further comprises a water level control pipe 9 which is positioned outside the accommodating pool. The water level control pipe 9 prop is provided with a connecting port which is connected with a water outlet of the water drainage pipe 2, landscape water discharged through the water outlet flows into the water level control pipe 9 for controlling the water level in the accommodating pool, and the landscape water is guaranteed to stay in the accommodating pool for a long enough time so that the substrate packing layer has sufficient time to decompose pollutants in the landscape water. In order to better ensure that the landscape water stays long enough to ensure that the substrate filler layer has enough time to decompose pollutants in the landscape water, the height of the water outlet of the water level control pipe 9 is greater than or equal to the height of the water drainage pipe 2 and less than or equal to the height of the second gravel layer 6. The water level control pipe 9 is also provided with a marker for marking the water level, so that the water level in the accommodating pool can be checked in real time.
In one embodiment, the diameter of the water inlet pipes 7 is set to be 40mm, the number of the water inlet pipes 7 is set to be several, several water inlet pipes 7 are uniformly laid on the second gravel layer 6, and the distance between several adjacent water inlet pipes 7 is 1 m. The water inlet holes 51 with a plurality of numbers are arranged in two rows, the two rows of water inlet holes are oppositely arranged, the diameter of each water inlet hole is 8mm, and the distance between every two adjacent water inlet holes is 30 cm.
The embodiment also discloses a working process of the landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device:
the first stage is the rooting and survival process of aquatic plant, and the pond needs to be filled with water for about 10 days to ensure the survival of the plant.
The second stage is normal water intake operation. The water inlet process is that the water is uniformly distributed on the surface of the micro-ecological filter bed through the water inlet pipe. The landscape water is substantially free of large particulate contaminants, primarily small particulate contaminants that are substantially absorbed by plant growth as organic nutrients, retained by the gravel and grit mixing layer 5. When pollutants dissolved in water flow through the matrix filler, aerobic microorganisms are grown and attached to the layers above the 5 layers of the gravel and coarse sand mixing layer, and the microorganisms absorb and decompose the pollutants such as nitrogen, phosphorus and the like in the landscape water, so that the landscape water is purified. Macromolecular pollutants which are difficult to degrade are absorbed and decomposed by anaerobic microorganisms growing on the substrate filler at the bottom layer.
The beneficial effect of this application lies in: the application provides a landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device, which comprises a holding tank, a drainage pipeline, a matrix filler layer, an aquatic plant layer, a water inlet pipeline and the like, wherein landscape water is filtered through the matrix filler layer which is reasonably arranged, and pollutants in the landscape water are decomposed and absorbed through microorganisms, so that the problems of poor treatment and poor water quality of landscape water in the prior art can be solved; the time of landscape water in the micro-ecological filter bed device can be effectively controlled by adjusting the porosity and the compactness of the water inlet pipeline and the water outlet pipeline, so that the surface of the micro-ecological filter bed device is not accumulated with water or blocked, and the service life of the micro-ecological filter bed device is prolonged; the landscape water is treated by physical filtration and microbial treatment, and the method has the advantages of high degree of integration, good stability and simple operation.
In light of the foregoing description of the preferred embodiments according to the present application, it is to be understood that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The technical scope of the present application is not limited to the contents of the specification, and must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a view water microecology filter bed device which characterized in that includes:
the accommodating pool comprises a bottom and an inner peripheral wall arranged around the bottom;
the water inlet of the water inlet pipeline is positioned outside the accommodating pool, a plurality of water inlet holes are formed in the water inlet pipeline, and the water inlet holes are positioned in the accommodating pool;
the substrate filler layer comprises a first gravel layer, a glass light stone layer and a second gravel layer which are stacked from bottom to top, and the substrate filler layer is positioned below the water inlet;
the aquatic plant layer comprises a plurality of aquatic plants and is positioned above the substrate filler layer;
the drainage pipeline is positioned at the bottom, a water outlet of the drainage pipeline is positioned outside the accommodating pool, a plurality of drainage holes are formed in the drainage pipeline, and the drainage holes are positioned below the matrix packing layer;
and after the landscape water enters the water inlet pipeline from the water inlet and enters the accommodating pool from the water inlet hole, the landscape water enters the drainage pipeline from the drainage hole and is discharged from the drainage port after being separated and filtered by the aquatic plant layer and the matrix filler layer in sequence.
2. The landscape water micro-ecological filter bed apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising an impermeable membrane, the impermeable membrane being laid on the bottom and the inner circumferential wall, the impermeable membrane having a thickness of 1.4-1.6 mm.
3. The landscape water micro-ecological filter bed apparatus of claim 2, wherein the first gravel layer has a thickness of 25 to 35cm and a gravel particle size of 40 to 50 mm.
4. The landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device according to claim 1, wherein the thickness of the glass pumice layer is 15-25cm, and the size of the glass pumice particles is 20-30 mm.
5. The landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device according to claim 1, wherein the drain holes are arranged in four rows, the four rows of drain holes are arranged in four different directions of the drain pipeline from the axis to the outside, the diameter of the drain holes is 8-12mm, and the distance between adjacent drain holes in the same row is 25-35 cm.
6. The landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device according to claim 1, wherein the aquatic plants are arranged in a plurality of rows with a row spacing of 40-50cm, and a row spacing of the adjacent aquatic plants in the same row is 30-40 cm.
7. The landscape water micro-ecological filter bed apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the aerobic microorganisms are attached to the first gravel layer and the glass light stone layer.
8. The landscape water micro-ecological filter bed apparatus of claim 1, wherein anaerobic microorganisms are attached to the second gravel layer.
CN202120138038.0U 2021-01-19 2021-01-19 Landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device Active CN215365327U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120138038.0U CN215365327U (en) 2021-01-19 2021-01-19 Landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120138038.0U CN215365327U (en) 2021-01-19 2021-01-19 Landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215365327U true CN215365327U (en) 2021-12-31

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120138038.0U Active CN215365327U (en) 2021-01-19 2021-01-19 Landscape water micro-ecological filter bed device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215365327U (en)

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