CN205892882U - Vertical -flow constructed wetland's water distribution system - Google Patents

Vertical -flow constructed wetland's water distribution system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205892882U
CN205892882U CN201620881983.9U CN201620881983U CN205892882U CN 205892882 U CN205892882 U CN 205892882U CN 201620881983 U CN201620881983 U CN 201620881983U CN 205892882 U CN205892882 U CN 205892882U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
filler
distribution system
constructed wetland
water inlet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620881983.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
龙泉
徐威
邓新华
李云祯
李富华
黄雪菊
刘勇
杨怡阁
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SICHUAN INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION SCIENCE
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SICHUAN INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION SCIENCE
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Priority to CN201620881983.9U priority Critical patent/CN205892882U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205892882U publication Critical patent/CN205892882U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a constructed wetland who disposes of sewage. The utility model aims to provide a vertical -flow constructed wetland's water distribution system. Water distribution system includes inlet tube, distributing water pipe and filler leak - proof plate, filler leak - proof plate is used for bearing the weight of the water purification filler, advances the water piping connection distributing water pipe, and the distributing water pipe includes along a plurality of branch pipes of the below evenly distributed that packs that evenly distributed has a plurality of water distribution holes on the distributing water pipe, and filler leak - proof plate lies in the distributing water pipe top, and the leak - proof plate that just packs goes up evenly distributed has the aperture to be lighter than the hole of permeating water of filler particle diameter. The utility model discloses a sewage is for lower counter -current in water distribution system, and the flow direction in sewage treatment system be the upward flow, perpendicular upwards through the water purification pack, the plant, this and prior art's horizontal flow, perhaps dirty all different at the processing system mediad. Optimization through the rivers mode improves the water flow state that the wetland packed, alleviates matrix and blocks up. The utility model discloses the structure is ingenious, and water purification efficiency is high, and job stabilization nature is good, extensive applicability.

Description

The water distribution system of vertical current constructed wetland
Technical field
This utility model belongs to sewage disposal technology and in particular to being used for processing the water distribution system of the artificial swamp of sewage.
Background technology
Artificial swamp (constructed wetalnds) refers to the structure and function by simulating natural bioremediation, selects one Fixed geographical position and landform, according to the wetland needing artificial design and construction of people.Most natures and artificial swamp It is made up of five parts: 1) there is the substrate of various water penetrations, such as soil, sand, gravel, cobble etc.;2) it is suitable in saturation water and detest Growing plants in epoxide matter, such as phragmites communiss;3) water body (under stromal surface or on flowing water;4) no vertebra or vertebratess; 5) aerobic or anaerobe population.
It is typically in artificial swamp structure in certain length and width when acclive depression in bottom surface, by soil or filler (such as Cobble etc.) form packed bed, contaminant water circuitously can flow in the filler gap of bed body, or in bed body Surface runoff.With When, in bed body surface grafting, there is the water plant (as phragmites communiss etc.) that anti-pollution characteristic is good, easily survive, form a unique dynamic plant Thing ecological environment, is processed to contaminant water.
One of distinguishing feature of artificial swamp is that it has stronger degradation capability to organic pollution.Insoluble in waste water Organic substance, by the precipitation of wetland, filtration, can soon be trapped and then be utilized by microorganism;In waste water, solubility has Machine thing then can the removal that is decomposed by the biomembranous absorption of root system of plant, absorption and biological metabolism degradation process.With process Constantly the carrying out of process, wetland bed in microorganism also flourish, by the periodic replacement to wetland bed fillers and to wetland The harvesting of plant and newborn organism is removed from system.
As a kind of emerging ecological waste water treatment process, compared with other waste water treatment process, artificial swamp has it Clear advantage: stable water outlet, construction and running expense are low, safeguard that simple, effect is good, widely applicable, load variations are fitted Strong with ability.
The form of the current of artificial swamp is broadly divided into surface stream, undercurrent, vertical current.Wherein free water surface wetland is due to processing Load is low, occupation of land is big, fewer and feweri is used.With respect to current wetland, vertical-flow wetland has at higher sewage Reason load, less floor space, merely due to technological design and run and need higher requirement, civil engineering typically cannot expire Foot, and be not widely used.So the construction of artificial swamp still mainly adopts current wetland in putting into practice at this stage, and undercurrent is wet Also ratio is larger for ground occupation of land, builds and operation expense is also higher, be not suitable for the distributed dirt such as rural area, hotel, Peasants Joy Water process.
And existing artificial swamp typically adopts the pattern of engineering construction, build with operation all unsuitable for process distributing Sewage.Simultaneously especially for dispersant type domestic wastewaters such as rural area, hotel, Peasants Joy, substantial amounts of pipeline puts into and allows wet land technique Cost performance seriously reduces.Therefore, the distributing sewage disposals such as a kind of suitable rural area, hotel, Peasants Joy are urgently developed in this area Artificial swamp equipment, and reach efficient, inexpensive, the simple effect of operation maintenance.
Content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of water distribution system of vertical current constructed wetland, and this system is particularly suitable for hanging down Direct current artificial swamp decentralized type sewage processing equipment uses.
For achieving the above object, the water of the technical scheme is that vertical current constructed wetland of this utility model supplies To system, including water inlet pipe, sparge pipe and filler Antileaking plate;Described filler Antileaking plate is used for carrying Filler for water purification, and water inlet pipe is even Connect sparge pipe, sparge pipe includes equally distributed multiple arms along below filler, and sparge pipe is evenly distributed with some distributing holes, Filler Antileaking plate is located above sparge pipe, and is evenly distributed with the permeable hole that aperture is less than packing material size on filler Antileaking plate.
Preferably, described filler Antileaking plate is in that the shape of falling v is arranged, described water inlet pipe lower end edge filler Antileaking plate centre position cloth Put, each arm of described sparge pipe is arranged symmetrically along water inlet pipe both sides, and in the shape of falling v coincideing with filler Antileaking plate.
Preferably, the permeable hole on described filler Antileaking plate is mounting hole, and mounting hole is distributed in propping up two-by-two of sparge pipe Position between pipe;Described distributing hole aperture is consistent and hole upward.
Preferably, also include pump water inlet, pump water inlet lower end is stretched in water tank, the water pump above upper end and water tank Connect, pumping line is linked on water inlet pipe.
Preferably, communicate with effluent weir above described filler, effluent weir top edge is uniformly arranged outlet, outlet Water outlet flows into and is arranged in the annular collecting vat of effluent weir periphery, and the water in water leg flows in described water tank through overfall, water Upper box part is provided for the discharge outlet of draining.
Preferably, dregs separating device and filter cylinder are also included, the upper end of described dregs separating device is the water inlet for the treatment of sewage, lower end is even Connect filter cylinder, cartridge outlet connects described water inlet pipe.
Preferably, the particle diameter lower coarse of described filler, upper strata are thin.
Preferably, described filler is haydite matrix, filler layering setting, more thinner to the particle diameter of upper strata haydite matrix;Fill out Material top setting plant support plate, described plant is arranged on plant support plate.
Preferably, described sparge pipe and filler Antileaking plate are arranged in equipment box bottom, equipment box, effluent weir, catchment Groove is rounded or square;Described water tank is arranged on equipment box side, and water tank upper arranges in cover plate, cover plate upper area and installs Dregs separating device, water pump and adaptation pipeline;Described filter cylinder is arranged in water tank, and described water inlet pipe is passed through in equipment box via water tank.
Sewage of the present utility model is to dirty in water distribution system, and the flow direction in sewage disposal system is vertically upward Stream, passes upward through Filler for water purification, plant, this level stream from prior art or in the processing system to dirty all different.Logical The optimization crossing water flow mode improves the streamflow regime of wet land filler, mitigates substrate clogging.This utility model clever structure, water purification is imitated Rate is high, good operating stability, and the suitability is wide.Can also multiple serial or parallel connections together or connection in series-parallel be applied in combination, to meet not Requirement with inflow and effluent quality.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of this utility model water distribution system;
Fig. 3 is the main structure diagram of this utility model water distribution system.
Specific embodiment
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 1-3, the water distribution system of vertical current constructed wetland of the present utility model, for vertical current constructed wetland In sewage disposal system, it is particularly suitable for using in vertical current constructed wetland decentralized type sewage processing equipment.Water distribution system is used for will Treatment sewage is uniformly distributed to processing system, and treatment sewage is vertical current from lower to upper in the water (flow) direction of processing system Dynamic.Water distribution system includes water inlet pipe 4, sparge pipe 6 and filler Antileaking plate 12;Described filler Antileaking plate 12 is used for carrying Filler for water purification 13, water inlet pipe 4 connects sparge pipe 6, and sparge pipe 6 includes multiple arms equally distributed along filler 13 lower section, on sparge pipe 6 uniformly Some distributing holes are distributed with, filler Antileaking plate 12 is located above sparge pipe 6, and it is little to be evenly distributed with aperture on filler Antileaking plate 12 Permeable hole in filler 13 particle diameter.
Filler for water purification 13 top is typically disposed with the plant 19 of water purification.Described filler 13 can be soil, sand, gravel, ovum Stone etc., preferably haydite matrix.Preferably the particle diameter lower coarse of described filler 13, upper strata are thin.Haydite matrix is as a kind of specific surface area Greatly, the Novel filter material that porosity is high, chemical stability is good, applies to be conducive to the apposition growth of microorganism in artificial swamp, with When have good absorption property to the pollutant in sewage.This utility model adopts artificial lightweight haydite simultaneously, convenient batch Produce, mitigate hauled weight.Filler 13 layering setting, for example, be divided into three layers of upper, middle and lower, more to upper strata haydite matrix particle diameter more Carefully;Filler 13 top setting plant support plate 19, described plant 21 is arranged on plant support plate 19.Plant 21 can select reed Reed, Rhizoma Acori Graminei, Canna generalis Bailey, Herba Scirpi Tabernaemontani etc..Need to select according to local climate and environment or even beautification of landscape.Can be with plant 19 , there are aqua region cultured fishes, such as Carassius auratuss, Cyprinus carpio, Ctenopharyngodon idellus etc. in portion, forms fish and pastures, the circulating system of careless purified water.This reality With new sewage in water distribution system be lower to stream, the flow direction in sewage disposal system is upward flow, by water flow mode Optimization improve the streamflow regime of wet land filler, reduce substrate clogging risk.
More preferably, as shown in Figure 2,3, described filler Antileaking plate 12 is in that the shape of falling v is arranged, described water inlet pipe 4 lower end edge filler Antileaking plate 12 centre position is arranged, each arm of described sparge pipe 6 is arranged symmetrically along water inlet pipe 4 both sides, and is in and filler leakproof The shape of falling v that plate 12 coincide.Fig. 3 can also regard the left view view of water distribution system in Fig. 1 as.So sparge pipe 6 and filling out Material Antileaking plate 12 just can be supported on facility bottom naturally by the shape of falling v two ends, can stably support filler 13, again convenient water inlet Pipe 4 is arranged.Permeable hole on described filler Antileaking plate 12 be mounting hole, mounting hole be distributed in sparge pipe 6 arm two-by-two it Between position;Described distributing hole aperture is consistent and hole upward.So filler Antileaking plate 12 blocks above distributing hole, it is to avoid filler Distributing hole is fallen into or blocked to 13 or other impurity, and water inlet simultaneously can directly be flowed up by the mounting hole of side again, and resistance is little, Flowing is smooth.The shape of falling v arrangement it is further an advantage that, below filler, centre position distributing hole water resistance is little, and water yield is big, But the structure of cooperation top effluent weir 14 peripheral effluent, flow path the longest it is ensured that treatment effect.
Also include pump water inlet 8 and water pump 7, pump water inlet 8 stretches in water tank 20, water tank 20 utilize tap water or Using the sewage through purifying, be then linked on water inlet pipe 4 through water pump 7 and pumping line 11, filter cylinder 5 and sparge pipe 6 it Between.That is rinse sewage disposal device and share water inlet pipe 4, sparge pipe 6 with sewage disposal.Artificial swamp is in system operation relatively After long-time, system is susceptible to block, and leads to short stream, cutout, so that systemic-function declines, water outlet can not reach discharge mark Standard, or even produce stench, it is manually naughty clearly to need.This utility model be equipped with rinse-system, can periodic flushing water distribution system pipeline, protect Card equipment normally runs, and solves the blockage problem being likely to occur well.Meanwhile, act under the impact of current, filler 13 Again loose arrangement, water stream channel increases therewith, and the treatment effect of sewage is recovered.
Described filler 13 top setting effluent weir 14, overfall 15, water leg 16.Effluent weir 14 is direct with filler 13 region Communicate, effluent weir 14 middle and upper part is evenly distributed with substantial amounts of outlet, is catchmented using radial-flow, it is to avoid the appearance of slough.Only The water changing water flows into water leg 16 through outlet, and water leg 16 side arranges overfall 15, and in water leg 16, water is by overfall 15 Flow in described water tank 20, finally discharge through discharge outlet 17.Namely rinse and the common tank 20 during normal sewage disposal.Profit With being directly rinsed through the sewage purifying in water tank 20, can reduce water consumption, reduce setting and put into.
Dregs separating device 3 and filter cylinder 5 can also be set, and the upper end of dregs separating device 3 is water inlet 1 and inlet valve 2, and lower end connects filter Cylinder 5, filter cylinder 5 is connected with sparge pipe 6 through water inlet pipe 4.The anaerobic device water outlet such as anaerobic tank is entering wet land system by water inlet system Before, first pass through dregs separating device 3 and filter cylinder 5 filters, remove wherein larger granule and float, the process substantially increasing system is born Lotus, also reduces the risk of filler 13 blocking simultaneously.Dregs separating device 3 and filter cylinder 5 with periodic cleaning or can change filter element, ensure and run Effect.
Above-mentioned processing system can be arranged in circular or square equipment box 18, the water processing establishment of constitution equipment. Described effluent weir 14, water leg 16 are rounded or square accordingly.Described water tank 20 is arranged on equipment box 18 side, water tank 20 Top is arranged installs dregs separating device 3, water pump 7 and adaptation pipeline in cover plate, cover plate upper area;Described filter cylinder 5 is arranged in water tank 20 Interior, described water inlet pipe 4 is passed through in equipment box 18 via water tank 20.Equipment box 18 and water tank 20 also use steel plate or engineering plastics Be made Deng materials processing, with equipment box 18 assembled in situ to together with, easy to assembly, practical.
Using sewage disposal device carrying out practically process of the present utility model it is: the change in the place such as rural area, hotel, Peasants Joy The anaerobic effluents such as manure pit, methane-generating pit flow in dregs separating device 3 by water inlet 1, by water inlet pipe 4 after dregs separating device 3 removal large granular impurity Import in filter cylinder 5, filter cylinder selects the polystyrene pp cotton filter core of 10 Mm filter precision, go the removal of impurity further, improve plant Bed processes load.Polystyrene pp cotton filter core regularly replaces.Sewage after filter cylinder 5 filters flows into sparge pipe 6 through water inlet pipe 4, joins Some distributing holes are evenly distributed with water pipe 6, sewage flows up through filler 13 through distributing hole 6, physics, chemistry, life occur simultaneously Thing reacts, and removes the various pollutant in sewage.Insoluble Organic substance in waste water is removed by the crown_interception of filler, And can partly be utilized by the microorganism;Dissolved organic matter in waste water then passes through the suction of root system of plant and filler surface biological film Attached, absorb and biological metabolism effect and be removed.Main Function in wetland variation pollutant for the substrate is absorption pollutant, table Face enrichment can be with the microorganism of decomposing pollutant, support plant.Traditional wet land filler typically adopts soil, sandstone, slag etc., this The artificial haydite matrix specific surface area that utility model adopts is far longer than traditional matrices, is more beneficial for adsorbing pollutant, shows richness Collection microorganism, thus improve contaminant removal efficiency.
The outlet through effluent weir 14 middle and upper part for the sewage after purification flows in water leg 16, water leg 16 and overfall 15 Connect, flow in water tank 20 through overfall 15, finally discharged by discharge outlet 17.When being rinsed to device, close water inlet 1 The inlet valve 2 of lower end, water pump 7 is drawn water from water tank 20 by pump water inlet 8, and through pumping line 11, flush pipe 6 liquidates Wash the distributing hole on pipe 6 and filler 13 is rinsed.

Claims (9)

1. vertical current constructed wetland water distribution system it is characterised in that: include water inlet pipe (4), sparge pipe (6) and filler Antileaking plate (12);Described filler Antileaking plate (12) is used for carrying Filler for water purification (13), and water inlet pipe (4) connects sparge pipe (6), sparge pipe (6) Including equally distributed multiple arms along below filler (13), sparge pipe (6) is evenly distributed with some distributing holes, filler leakproof Plate (12) is located above sparge pipe (6), and it is saturating less than filler (13) particle diameter to be evenly distributed with aperture on filler Antileaking plate (12) Water hole.
2. vertical current constructed wetland according to claim 1 water distribution system it is characterised in that: described filler Antileaking plate (12) it is in that the shape of falling v is arranged, described water inlet pipe (4) lower end edge filler Antileaking plate (12) centre position arrangement, described sparge pipe (6) Each arm is arranged symmetrically along water inlet pipe (4) both sides, and in the shape of falling v coincideing with filler Antileaking plate (12).
3. vertical current constructed wetland according to claim 2 water distribution system it is characterised in that: described filler Antileaking plate (12) permeable hole on is mounting hole, and mounting hole is distributed in the position between the arm two-by-two of sparge pipe (6);Described distributing hole hole Footpath is consistent and hole upward.
4. vertical current constructed wetland according to claim 3 water distribution system it is characterised in that: also include pump water inlet (8), pump water inlet (8) lower end is stretched in water tank (20), upper end is connected with the water pump (7) above water tank (20), and water pump (7) goes out Water pipe is linked on water inlet pipe (4).
5. vertical current constructed wetland according to claim 4 water distribution system it is characterised in that: above described filler (13) Communicate with effluent weir (14), effluent weir (14) top edge is uniformly arranged outlet, the water outlet of outlet flows into and is arranged on water outlet In the annular collecting vat (16) of weir (14) periphery, the water in water leg (16) flows in described water tank (20) through overfall (15), Water tank (20) top is provided for the discharge outlet (17) of draining.
6. vertical current constructed wetland according to claim 5 water distribution system it is characterised in that: also include dregs separating device (3) With filter cylinder (5), the upper end of described dregs separating device (3) is the water inlet for the treatment of sewage, and lower end connects filter cylinder (5), and filter cylinder (5) exports Connect described water inlet pipe (4).
7. vertical current constructed wetland according to claim 1 water distribution system it is characterised in that: the grain of described filler (13) Footpath lower coarse, upper strata are thin.
8. vertical current constructed wetland according to claim 1 water distribution system it is characterised in that: described filler (13) be pottery Grain substrate, filler (13) layering setting is more thinner to the particle diameter of upper strata haydite matrix;Plant support plate is set above filler (13) (19), described plant (21) is arranged on plant support plate (19).
9. the vertical current constructed wetland according to any one in claim 1-8 water distribution system it is characterised in that: described Sparge pipe (6) and filler Antileaking plate (12) are arranged in equipment box (18) bottom, equipment box (18), effluent weir (14), catchment Groove (16) is rounded or square;Described water tank (20) is arranged on equipment box (18) side, and water tank (20) top arranges cover plate, lid Dregs separating device (3), water pump (7) and adaptation pipeline are installed in plate upper area;Described filter cylinder (5) is arranged in water tank (20), described Water inlet pipe (4) is passed through in equipment box (18) via water tank (20).
CN201620881983.9U 2016-08-15 2016-08-15 Vertical -flow constructed wetland's water distribution system Expired - Fee Related CN205892882U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620881983.9U CN205892882U (en) 2016-08-15 2016-08-15 Vertical -flow constructed wetland's water distribution system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620881983.9U CN205892882U (en) 2016-08-15 2016-08-15 Vertical -flow constructed wetland's water distribution system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205892882U true CN205892882U (en) 2017-01-18

Family

ID=57778321

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620881983.9U Expired - Fee Related CN205892882U (en) 2016-08-15 2016-08-15 Vertical -flow constructed wetland's water distribution system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205892882U (en)

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170118

Termination date: 20200815