CN104556390B - A kind of water pollution governing system and method - Google Patents

A kind of water pollution governing system and method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104556390B
CN104556390B CN201410834341.9A CN201410834341A CN104556390B CN 104556390 B CN104556390 B CN 104556390B CN 201410834341 A CN201410834341 A CN 201410834341A CN 104556390 B CN104556390 B CN 104556390B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
filter tank
lake
backwash
pollution
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201410834341.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104556390A (en
Inventor
丁健生
曹玉梅
胡强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Universtar Science and Technology Shenzhen Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Universtar Science and Technology Shenzhen Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Universtar Science and Technology Shenzhen Co Ltd filed Critical Universtar Science and Technology Shenzhen Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410834341.9A priority Critical patent/CN104556390B/en
Publication of CN104556390A publication Critical patent/CN104556390A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104556390B publication Critical patent/CN104556390B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/30Aerobic and anaerobic processes
    • C02F3/308Biological phosphorus removal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The present invention relates to water pollution Treatment process field, be specially a kind of water pollution governing system and method.The present invention arranges training wall and plugflow aeration machine in water body, has the effect making stream oxygen supplement, it is therefore prevented that form slough during water circulation.Biomembrane net and ecological floating island are set in water body, by the photosynthesis of water plant on ecological floating island, certain dissolved oxygen gradient is formed in the bottom of ecological floating island and peripheral region, be conducive to aerobic bacteria, anoxic bacteria and anaerobe synergy to remove the pollutant such as N, P in water body, thus purify water.In water body, it is provided with plugflow aeration machine, it is ensured that dissolved with sufficient oxygen in water body simultaneously.First being filtered water body by filter tank, Organic substance thing and the inorganic matter such as most float, algae in removable water, the water after filtration back flows back into water body, constitutes water circulation with the training wall that arranges in water body.

Description

A kind of water pollution governing system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to water pollution Treatment process field, particularly relate to a kind of water pollution governing system And method.
Background technology
Showing according to the China Environmental State Bulletin of 2013, water quality is excellent, slight pollution, moderate The ratio polluting control emphasis lake of the state with serious pollution (reservoir) is respectively 60.7%, 26.2%, 1.6% With 11.5%, main contamination index is total phosphorus, COD and permanganate index.The Changjiang river, the Yellow River, The Zhujiang River, Song Hua River, Huaihe River, Haihe River, the Liaohe River, Min Pian river, Zhejiang, all rivers, northwest and south-west rivers etc. ten In state's control section of large watershed, I-III class, IV-V class and bad V class water quality section ratio are respectively 71.7%, 19.3% and 9.0%, main contamination index is COD, permanganate index and life on the five Change oxygen demand.
River, common feature after lake is contaminated be: water body exists exceed in a large number water body capacity and from The pollutant of net energy power, dissolved oxygen concentration reduces even zero, and black smelly, eutrophy occur in river, lake Changing phenomenon, the water biological species such as fish and shrimp falls sharply and even disappeares, and the original deterioration of water body is even lost, water The ecological balance of body is seriously damaged, and resident near waters is healthy to be on the hazard.Cause river, The main cause of lake water pollution has: lake region water is excessive, industrialization and urbanization raw sewerage Discharge, rural area pesticide and the use that excessively exceeds standard of chemical fertilizer, cause lake pollution and eutrophication problem day Benefit is serious;The water body flow in lake, river etc. is poor, particularly the shallow water near loke shore and arm of lake region, Water base does not flows, organic pollutant enrichment, and the oxygen content of water not only can not get improving on the contrary by water Nutrient substance consumes and lower, promotes the growth of anaerobe in water body.Prior art to lake, The improvement of river water contamination is salvaged frequently with water transfer drain, machinery, the plantation method such as pasture and water, but these All there is the deficiencies such as effect is obvious not, processing cost is high, cure the symptoms, not the disease in method.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to prior art to lake, the regulation effect of river water contamination and the best the asking of efficiency Topic, it is provided that the water pollution governing system that a kind of regulation effect is good, efficiency is high, operating cost is low, and The method applying this Systematic control water pollution.
For achieving the above object, the present invention by the following technical solutions,
A kind of water pollution governing system, including suction pump and filter tank, described suction pump connects with water body, Can be that filter tank provides water;Described filter tank connects with water body, can be entered in water body by the water after filtering;Described Being provided with training wall in water body, training wall makes the water in water body be bending flowing;The both sides of described training wall It is provided with biomembrane net;In described water body, it is provided with ecological floating island, the flow path of water is installed and pushes away Stream aerator.
Above-mentioned water pollution governing system also includes backwash pump, described backwash pump and water Body connects, and can be that filter tank provides backwash water.Described filter tank is V-type filter tank or biofilter.
Also plant at the sewage inlet of described water body to be implanted with and cut dirty greenbelt.
On described ecological floating island, the water plant of plantation has Herba Lythri Salicariae, Canna generalis Bailey, Mugil cephalus careless, fragrant At least one in Pu, again power flower, Rhizoma Iridis Tectori.
Described biomembrane net is made up of carbon fibre ecological grass and ecological algae.
Described training wall is made up of spud pile and flow-guiding cloth.
The lower end gabion of described flow-guiding cloth is fixed.
The method applying the above water pollution governing system pollution control of water, comprises the following steps:
S1, being inputted in filter tank by the water in water body by suction pump, water carries out precipitation process in filter tank; And periodically the mud deposited in filter tank is discharged.
S2, the water processed through filter tank flow back in water body again, and under the effect of plugflow aeration machine, water is along water conservancy diversion Wall is bending flowing;And process with the water of ecological floating island, biomembrane net convection current disorder of internal organs.
Also include the step that periodically filter tank is carried out backwash, by backwash pump by defeated for the water in water body Enter and filter tank carries out backwash.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention arrange in water body training wall and Plugflow aeration machine, has the effect making stream oxygen supplement, it is therefore prevented that form slough during water circulation.? Water body arranges biomembrane net and ecological floating island, by the photosynthesis of water plant on ecological floating island, The bottom of ecological floating island and peripheral region form certain dissolved oxygen gradient, beneficially aerobic bacteria, anoxic bacteria and The pollutant such as N, the P in water body are removed in anaerobe synergy, thus purify water.Simultaneously at water body In be provided with plugflow aeration machine, it is ensured that dissolved with sufficient oxygen in water body.First water body was carried out by filter tank Filter, Organic substance thing and the inorganic matter such as most float, algae, the water weight after filtration in removable water Newly flow into the training wall arranged in water body, with water body and constitute water circulation.Periodically by backwash pump from water Body water suction supply filter tank carries out backwash.Also plant at the sewage inlet of water body to be implanted with and cut dirty greenbelt, Can effectively intercept deadwood, bottle, the north bulk rubbish such as material strip, waste paper, reduce rainwash and carry Pour the pollutant in lake, reduce external source and pollute, water body slope can also be consolidated simultaneously, increase scape See effect.The present invention is effective to the purified treatment of water body, and system operation is stable, and equipment is simple, Easy to operate, operating cost is low, power-equipment only maintains suction pump and the plug-flow aeration of water circulation Machine, and the backwash pump of filter back washing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the water pollution governing system schematic diagram in A lake in embodiment.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more fully understand the technology contents of the present invention, below in conjunction with the specific embodiment skill to the present invention Art scheme is described further and illustrates.
Embodiment
Using certain eutrophic water, as test block, (this waters includes A lake and B lake, total water to the present embodiment Territory capacity reaches 51.7 ten thousand sides), it is provided that a kind of water pollution governing system, and apply this Systematic control The method of water pollution.Specific as follows:
(1) A lake
Area is 0.178km2, mean depth 2.4m, lake water capacity is 42.7 ten thousand m3.Lake water water quality is: COD10.8mg/L、TN20.18mg/L、TP1.06mg/L、NH3-N10.34mg/L。
In lakeside, 14 biofilters (can also use V-type filter tank in other embodiments) are set, The size of each biofilter is 3.5m × 7.2m × 4.0m, and the rate of filtration is 4.0m/h, 14 biologies The throughput in filter tank is 1200m3/h.Each biofilter is also correspondingly provided with a suction pump, draws water The import of pump is connected with A lake by pipeline, is that biofilter carries water by suction pump.Biofilter Outlet is connected with A lake by pipeline, and the water after biofilter is filtered flows back in A lake again.
A backwash pump, backwash pump and A it is also associated with between biofilter and A lake Lake connects, and can be that biofilter provides backwash water.Sink additionally, be additionally provided with a backwash mud Pond, shallow lake, a size of 4.5m × 7.0m × 4.0m, dischargeable capacity 100m3, for precipitation process to biological filter Pond carries out the backwashing wastewater of generation during backwash.In backwash mudpan, clear water after precipitation enters In A lake, mud then enters lakeside sewage lifting pump station to carry out focusing on (distance about 300m).
The water yield 42.7 ten thousand m according to A lake3Meter, lake water circulation primary about 15 days.14 biological filters Pond each independent operating, backwash in 28 days 1 time is run in each biofilter.
Arranging the training wall that overall length is 1160m in A lake, A lake is separated into multiple gallery (water by training wall Flow path), the water in A lake along gallery flow, make the water in A lake be bending stream by training wall Dynamic.Described training wall is made up of, in field planting position spud pile and fluid-tight macromolecule flow-guiding cloth The bottom is beaten spud pile, corner or stress larger part and need to be added support stake;With nylon rope by flow-guiding cloth system On spud pile, flow-guiding cloth lower end uses the gabion pressure end, flow-guiding cloth is fixed on the bottom, prevents from leading Flow bottom wall permeable, affect its water conservancy diversion effect.On gallery, 27 submersible type plug-flows of scattering device expose Mechanism of qi.Be respectively provided with biomembrane net in the both sides of training wall, set biomembrane net is by carbon fibre Ecological grass and ecological algae are constituted, and the gross area of biomembrane net is 21500m2
Meanwhile, also arranging 5 ecological floating islands, wherein circular 3, chinampa in A lake, every seat surface amasss and is 314.2m2;1, chinampa of square, area is 1600m2;1, chinampa of abnormity, area is 1788.7m2; The gross area of 5 ecological floating islands is 4331.3m2.On every ecological floating island, the water plant of plantation can be Any one of Herba Lythri Salicariae, Canna generalis Bailey, Mugil cephalus grass, Herba Typhae, again power flower, Rhizoma Iridis Tectori or multiple.
Emergent vegetation zone, floatingleaved plant band and submerged plant is planted successively to the extension of direction, the middle of a lake from A loke shore Band, the aquatic vegetation gross area is 16810m2, wherein the area of emergent vegetation zone is 1740m2, floating leaf is planted The area of thing band is 2250m2, the area of submerged plant band is 12820m2
The schematic diagram of the water pollution governing system in A lake is as shown in Figure 1.In Fig. 11 is ecological floating island, 2 for cutting dirty greenbelt, and 3 is training wall, and 4 is plugflow aeration machine, and 5 is biomembrane net, and 6 is backwash Water pump, 7 is ecological filter, and 8 is suction pump.
(2) B lake
Lake surface amasss as 0.06km2(i.e. 60000m2), mean depth is 1.5m, and lake water total amount is 90000m3
Arranging the training wall that overall length is 380m in B lake, B lake is separated into multiple gallery (water by training wall Flow path), the water in B lake along gallery flow, make the water in B lake be bending stream by training wall Dynamic.17 submersible type plugflow aeration machines of scattering device on gallery.It is respectively provided with in the both sides of training wall Biomembrane net, set biomembrane net is made up of carbon fibre ecological grass and ecological algae, fills out for two kinds The area that material is laid is 6000m2, the gross area of biomembrane net is 12000m2
4 ecological floating islands are set in B lake, wherein circular 3, chinampa, 1, chinampa of abnormity, 4 The gross area of ecological floating island is 2497.6m2
Extending plantation emergent vegetation zone from B loke shore to direction, the middle of a lake, the kind of emergent aquactic plant is Flos Nelumbinis, perfume (or spice) Pu, Rhizoma Iridis Tectori, Herba Lythri Salicariae, Arundo donax and phragmites communis, the gross area of emergent vegetation zone is 3000m2
The disposal ability of the water remediation engineering in B lake is 5000m3/d。
(3) on the ring lake road in A lake and B lake and at other sewage inlet, plantation cuts dirty greenbelt, Overall length is 530m.
When above-mentioned waters (A lake and B lake) is repaired, by suction pump, the water in A lake is inputted In ecological filter, water carries out precipitation process in ecological filter, and periodically by deposition in ecological filter Mud is discharged.Periodically the water input ecological filter in A lake will carry out backwash by backwash pump, The backwashing wastewater that backwash is formed precipitates in flowing into backwash mudpan, backwash mudpan The mud of interior deposition enters lakeside sewage lifting pump station and focuses on.Through the water weight that biofilter processes Newly flow back in A lake.After current go back to A lake, under the effect of plugflow aeration machine, water is bending along training wall Flowing;And process with the water of ecological floating island, biomembrane net convection current disorder of internal organs.Water in A lake is constantly taken out Deliver in biofilter, the most constantly flow back in A lake, the most constantly through the water of ecological filter precipitation process Circulation carries out combine d bioremediation process.And the water in B lake, under the effect of plugflow aeration machine and training wall not Disconnected circulation, and process with the water of ecological floating island, biomembrane net convection current disorder of internal organs.
Being repaired this eutrophic water by above-mentioned method, continuous service 2 years, in Lake Water Total nitrogen (TN) reduce by 75%, total phosphorus (TP) reduces by 75%, and COD removes 60%, and lake water transparency carries High to 500mm, stench eliminates.
The above only further illustrates the technology contents of the present invention with embodiment, in order to reader more holds Readily understood, but do not represent embodiments of the present invention and be only limitted to this, any technology done according to the present invention is prolonged Stretch or recreate, all being protected by the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a water pollution governing system, it is characterised in that include suction pump and filter tank, described in take out Water pump connects with water body, can be that filter tank provides water;
Described filter tank connects with water body, can be entered in water body by the water after filtering;
Being provided with training wall in described water body, training wall makes the water in water body be bending flowing;
The both sides of described training wall are provided with biomembrane net;
In described water body, it is provided with ecological floating island, the flow path of water is installed plugflow aeration machine.
A kind of water pollution governing system, it is characterised in that also include Backwash pump, described backwash pump connects with water body, can be that filter tank provides backwash water.
A kind of water pollution governing system, it is characterised in that described water Also plant at the sewage inlet of body to be implanted with and cut dirty greenbelt.
A kind of water pollution governing system, it is characterised in that described life On state chinampa the water plant of plantation have Herba Lythri Salicariae, Canna generalis Bailey, Mugil cephalus grass, Herba Typhae, again power colored, At least one in Rhizoma Iridis Tectori.
A kind of water pollution governing system, it is characterised in that described life Thing film net is made up of carbon fibre ecological grass and ecological algae.
A kind of water pollution governing system, it is characterised in that described in lead Stream wall is made up of spud pile and flow-guiding cloth.
A kind of water pollution governing system, it is characterised in that described in lead The lower end gabion spread is fixed.
8. apply a method for water pollution governing system pollution control of water described in claim 1, It is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
S1, being inputted in filter tank by the water in water body by suction pump, water carries out precipitation process in filter tank; And periodically the mud deposited in filter tank is discharged;
S2, the water processed through filter tank flow back in water body again, and under the effect of plugflow aeration machine, water is along water conservancy diversion Wall is bending flowing;And process with the water of ecological floating island, biomembrane net convection current disorder of internal organs.
A kind of method of pollution control of water, it is characterised in that also include Periodically filter tank is carried out the step of backwash, inputs in filter tank by the water in water body by backwash pump Row backwash.
CN201410834341.9A 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 A kind of water pollution governing system and method Active CN104556390B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410834341.9A CN104556390B (en) 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 A kind of water pollution governing system and method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410834341.9A CN104556390B (en) 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 A kind of water pollution governing system and method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104556390A CN104556390A (en) 2015-04-29
CN104556390B true CN104556390B (en) 2017-01-04

Family

ID=53073592

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410834341.9A Active CN104556390B (en) 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 A kind of water pollution governing system and method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104556390B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106892531A (en) * 2015-12-20 2017-06-27 天津市兴荣非织造布有限公司 A kind of method of rural area swag waste water control
CN108706740B (en) * 2018-07-20 2021-06-29 上海交通大学 Technical method for improving denitrification efficiency of estuary wetland

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5893975A (en) * 1997-04-23 1999-04-13 Roux Associates, Inc. Enhanced subsurface flow constructed wetland
CN101318718B (en) * 2007-06-05 2012-11-21 北京科净源科技股份有限公司 Bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment
CN103739082B (en) * 2014-01-21 2016-01-20 武汉理工大学 The system of artificial flowing aeration coupled biological film floating bed purifying eutrophication water body

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104556390A (en) 2015-04-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103819004B (en) Movable and combined subsurface constructed wetland processing method
CN105668950B (en) The back-washing method of floatation type comprehensive water treatment device, method for treating water and the equipment
CN103613240B (en) The device and method of multi-stage ecological sewage purification treatment
CN105293841B (en) A kind of artificial swamp and filtration system combined depth handles country sewage method and device
CN103951067A (en) System and method for treating rural sewage by using ecological system based on multi-submerged plant combinations
CN108128967A (en) A kind of river water body dystopy comprehensive high-efficiency processing method and system
CN101734831B (en) Enhanced ecological wetland treatment facility for treating sewage and method thereof
CN207108765U (en) A kind of ecological purification pool system
CN104556390B (en) A kind of water pollution governing system and method
CN102531277B (en) Purification method and device of cold-water fish cultivation water body in mountain gully watershed
CN107324503A (en) A kind of ecosystem for administering broken end creek
CN104926038B (en) A kind of biological and ecological composite handling arrangement for rural sewage treatment
CN203781979U (en) Ecological water purifying device
CN109824213A (en) A kind of urban catchments water purification system and method
CN205892881U (en) Vertical -flow constructed wetland decentralized wastewater treatment equipment
CN211712874U (en) A cut dirty centralized processing system for river regulation
CN106517672A (en) Sewage interception and ecological floating bed integrated system
CN100506707C (en) Controlled biomembrane landscape wetland sewage purification system and technique
CN208327740U (en) A kind of environment-friendly sewage processing system
CN206447733U (en) A kind of oil-containing sewage treatment system
CN102897976B (en) Method for in-situ ecological treatment of town domestic waste water by using river and creek converging
CN102863125B (en) Strengthening treatment method of town heavily polluted river water in situ creatures
CN205892882U (en) Vertical -flow constructed wetland's water distribution system
CN202430094U (en) Ecological purification system for polluted drinking water source raw water
CN211570383U (en) Sewage draining port water treatment equipment for urban drainage pipeline

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20150429

Assignee: Shunde District and Fengju Winning Equity Investment Partnership in Foshan City (Limited Partnership)

Assignor: Yuxing Technology Development (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.

Contract record no.: X2019440020014

Denomination of invention: Water body pollution abatement system and method

Granted publication date: 20170104

License type: Common License

Record date: 20190920