CN214753804U - Novel electricity generation building materials of structure - Google Patents

Novel electricity generation building materials of structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214753804U
CN214753804U CN202120410638.8U CN202120410638U CN214753804U CN 214753804 U CN214753804 U CN 214753804U CN 202120410638 U CN202120410638 U CN 202120410638U CN 214753804 U CN214753804 U CN 214753804U
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power generation
metal back
generation building
back plate
building material
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CN202120410638.8U
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崔永祥
侯康强
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Heliou New Energy Technology Shanghai Co ltd
Helio New Energy Co Ltd
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Heliou New Energy Technology Shanghai Co ltd
Helio New Energy Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

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  • Roof Covering Using Slabs Or Stiff Sheets (AREA)
  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model particularly relates to a power generation building material with a novel structure, which comprises a transparent cover plate, a first sealing layer, a power generation circuit layer, a second sealing layer and a metal back plate from top to bottom in sequence; the metal back plate is rectangular, two sides in the long edge direction are wavy curved surfaces, the middle of the metal back plate is a plane, and the transparent cover plate, the first sealing layer, the power generation circuit layer and the second sealing layer are all fixed in the middle of the metal back plate; when the adjacent power generation building materials are in lap joint, the wave-shaped curved surfaces of the adjacent metal back plates are overlapped and clamped, and when the power generation building materials are in lap joint with the color steel tiles, the wave-shaped curved surfaces of the power generation building materials cover the wave-shaped curved surfaces of the color steel tiles. The utility model discloses a power generation building materials, the installation is convenient, can directly lay in the roofing, and is high with the degree of combination of former roofing, need not demolish original various steel tile roofing, and adopts MM overlap joint mode, does not need sticky can gain good waterproof performance.

Description

Novel electricity generation building materials of structure
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the novel intelligent building materials in fields such as productivity building, assembly type building, green building, concretely relates to electricity generation building materials of novel structure.
Background
Wind energy, solar energy, ocean energy, geothermal energy and the like are new energy sources which can be utilized by people at present, production places of the wind energy, the solar energy, the ocean energy, the geothermal energy and the like are all arranged in suburbs, deserts or oceans with rare smoke and low energy consumption, and the utilization of the new energy sources is rarely seen in cities with concentrated population and high energy consumption. On the one hand, the new energy is not distributed in a centralized way, such as the centralized distribution area of wind energy, ocean energy and geothermal energy is not suitable for human residence; on the other hand, the new energy is not fully and reasonably utilized, for example, the solar energy is widely distributed, and a large amount of available solar energy is available in cities with large population density. Solar energy is the most extensive, universal and distributive clean energy technology in the current renewable energy technology.
At present, the main mode of combining building and solar energy is Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV), but the conventional BIPV adopts a dual-glass assembly, namely a component material consisting of a glass front plate, an intermediate power generation circuit layer and a glass back plate, which is also called a dual-glass assembly. The products of such glass master materials have the following disadvantages:
(1) the adopted toughened glass cannot be subjected to secondary processing;
(2) the dual-glass assembly essentially belongs to laminated toughened glass, has poor connection performance with an external maintenance structure of a building, particularly a wall surface and a roof surface, and can be matched and installed with the external maintenance structure of the building only by additionally adding a large number of accessories and installation components; the connecting gap between the components is a flat gap, and the waterproof glue is required to be filled to block rainwater;
(3) the weight of unit area is large, so that the self weight of the building is increased, and the load and the cost of the building structure are increased;
(4) the rigidity is fragile, only a plane can be made, the curved surface is difficult to be made, and the requirements of the building appearance on the curved surface and lines are difficult to meet;
(5) the safety and the fire resistance are poor, and the self-explosion is easy to happen particularly in fire and high temperature in summer;
(6) the back surface can not be directly pasted with the heat-insulating material, and the joint is sealed by the waterproof glue, so that the waterproof performance and the heat-insulating performance of the installed roof or wall surface are poorer than those of the existing conventional building material, and the weather resistance is poor;
(7) the application range is narrow, and the method is mostly used for scenes such as building roof pavilion rainsheds, parking sheds, vertical surface railing members, window sunshade members and the like.
Therefore, building material members typified by conventional dual glass assemblies are difficult to popularize and use.
The existing color steel tile roofs of a plurality of current workshops can not have the same life cycle as buildings, and especially in southern coastal cities, the service lives of the color steel tiles can be as long as 7-10 years. With the development of BIPV, BIPV has had great advances and advantages as a roofing material. However, when the conventional photovoltaic product is used for constructing damaged color steel tile roofs, the conditions are harsh, the original roofs sometimes need to be dismantled, and even local civil buildings are pushed to be heavy. Therefore, the photovoltaic product laid on the existing roof has high operation difficulty, high economic cost and poor combination degree with the building roof.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the problem that BIPV product exists and building roof conjugation degree is poor among the prior art, the utility model provides a novel power generation building materials of structure, the installation is convenient, can directly lay in the roofing, and high with the conjugation degree of former roofing, need not demolish original various steel tile roofing, and adopt MM overlap joint mode, do not need sticky can gain good waterproof performance. The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is realized through following technical scheme:
a power generation building material with a novel structure sequentially comprises a transparent cover plate, a first sealing layer, a power generation circuit layer, a second sealing layer and a metal back plate from top to bottom; the metal back plate is rectangular, two sides in the long edge direction are wavy curved surfaces, the middle of the metal back plate is a plane, and the transparent cover plate, the first sealing layer, the power generation circuit layer and the second sealing layer are all fixed at the middle position of the metal back plate.
Further, when the adjacent power generation building materials are lapped, the adjacent power generation building materials are overlapped and clamped through the wavy curved surfaces of the adjacent metal back plates; when the power generation building material is overlapped with the color steel tile, the wavy curved surface of the power generation building material covers the wavy curved surface of the color steel tile.
Furthermore, the highest position of the wavy curved surface of the metal back plate is fixed on the color steel tile by adopting a plurality of drill tail screws.
Furthermore, the short side directions of the adjacent metal back plates are connected in a covering mode, and the metal back plate on the upper portion covers the metal back plate on the lower portion.
Further, the transparent cover plate is made of glass, ETEF, glass fiber cloth, tempered glass or acrylic plate.
Further, the first sealing layer and the second sealing layer are EVA glue film, POE glue film or PVB glue film.
Furthermore, the power generation circuit layer is a monocrystalline silicon battery, a polycrystalline silicon battery, a back emitter passivation battery, a silicon-based heterojunction battery, a full back electrode contact battery, a copper indium gallium selenide battery, a thin film microcrystalline silicon battery or a perovskite battery.
Furthermore, an insulating film is adhered to the surface of the middle position of the metal back plate through an adhesive film.
Further, the insulating film is made of PET or ASA insulating resin, and the adhesive film is an EVA adhesive film, a POE adhesive film or a PVB adhesive film.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1. the utility model discloses a power generation building materials utilizes metal substrate as the backplate material, utilizes the easy machine-shaping's of metal characteristics, has made the power generation building materials with conventional power generation circuit plywood, through the connection structure that the wave curved surface structure of metal backplate overlaps each other, can be convenient carry on the location and the connection of adjacent power generation building materials, reach simple to operate, shorten construction cycle's purpose;
2. the utility model discloses an adjacent long limit department of electricity generation building materials adopts MM overlap joint mode, does not need sticky can obtain good waterproof performance, avoids the electricity generation building materials problem that leaks to appear, and adjacent short limit department adopts the cover to connect, and the metal backplate on upper portion covers on the metal backplate of lower part for rivers can top-down, do not produce the phenomenon of returning water;
3. the back plate structure of the power generation building material of the utility model is matched with the structure of the color steel tile, is convenient to install on the existing roof, can be directly laid on the roof, has high combination degree with the original roof, and does not need to dismantle the original color steel tile roof; and the pressing force can be brought by the elastic deformation of the wavy curved surface, so that the fixing and the locking are better.
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a laminated structure of a power generation building material.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the power generation building material.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the power generation building material after lap joint.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of a metal back plate structure of the power generation building material.
Figure 5 is a side view of a metal back plate of a power generating building material.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the overlapping manner of the power generation building material and the color steel tile.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the power generation building material being overlapped up and down.
Fig. 8 is a partially enlarged schematic view of the power generation building material in an up-down overlapping manner.
In the figure: 1. a transparent cover plate; 2. a first sealing layer; 3. a power generation circuit layer; 4. a second sealing layer; 5. a metal back plate.
Detailed Description
To further illustrate the technical means and effects of the present invention adopted to achieve the predetermined purpose, the following detailed description of the embodiments, structural features and effects of the present invention will be made with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
In the description of the present embodiment, it should be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", and the like indicate orientations and positional relationships given to the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings. The description is simplified for convenience only and is not intended to indicate and imply that the devices referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the embodiment.
In order to solve the problems that a photovoltaic product laid on an existing roof is large in operation difficulty, high in economic cost and poor in combination degree with a building roof, the power generation building material with the novel structure is provided in the embodiment, referring to the attached drawings 1-8, the power generation building material is convenient to install, can be directly laid on the roof, is high in combination degree with an original roof, does not need to be dismantled from the original color steel tile roof, adopts an MM lap joint mode, and can obtain good waterproof performance without gluing.
The power generation building material with the novel structure of the embodiment sequentially comprises a transparent cover plate 1, a first sealing layer 2, a power generation circuit layer 3, a second sealing layer 4 and a metal back plate 5 from top to bottom; the metal back plate 5 is rectangular, two sides in the long edge direction are wavy curved surfaces, the middle of the metal back plate is a plane, and the transparent cover plate 1, the first sealing layer 2, the power generation circuit layer 3 and the second sealing layer 4 are all fixed in the middle of the metal back plate 5.
The metal back plate can be made of a galvanized plate, an aluminum-zinc plated plate, a colored steel plate, an aluminum plate or an aluminum-magnesium-manganese plate. The metal back plate has good formability, can meet the requirements of curved surface buildings, is easy to process, has good combination with roofs, wall surfaces and the like of the buildings, has good fire resistance and weather resistance, and has wide application range.
When the adjacent power generation building materials are lapped, the adjacent power generation building materials are overlapped and clamped through the wavy curved surfaces of the adjacent metal back plates 5. The short sides of the adjacent metal back plates 5 are connected in a covering manner, and the metal back plate 5 at the upper part is covered on the metal back plate 5 at the lower part. The adjacent power generation building materials can be conveniently positioned and connected through the mutually overlapped connecting structure of the wavy curved surface structures of the metal back plate, so that the purposes of convenience in installation and construction period shortening are achieved; adopt MM overlap joint mode, need not sticky can gain good waterproof performance, avoid the problem that the electricity generation building materials appears leaking, adjacent minor face department adopts the cover to connect, and the metal backplate on upper portion covers on the metal backplate of lower part for rivers can top-down, do not produce the phenomenon of returning water.
When the power generation building material is overlapped with the color steel tile, the wavy curved surface of the power generation building material covers the wavy curved surface of the color steel tile. The backplate structure of the electricity generation building materials of this embodiment matches with the structure of various steel tile, and the roofing is convenient, can directly lay in current roof installation, and is high with the degree of combination of former roofing, need not demolish original various steel tile roofing. And the pressing force can be brought by the elastic deformation of the wavy curved surface, so that the power generation building material and the color steel tile can be better fixed and locked.
Preferably, the highest part of the wavy curved surface of the metal back plate 5 is fixed on the color steel tile by a plurality of drill tail screws, so that the fixation is firmer.
The transparent cover plate 1 of the present embodiment is glass, ETEF, glass fiber cloth, tempered glass, or acrylic plate. The first sealing layer 2 and the second sealing layer 4 are EVA adhesive films, POE adhesive films or PVB adhesive films. EVA glued membrane, POE glued membrane and PVB glued membrane all have fine adhesion properties. The power generation circuit layer 3 can be a monocrystalline silicon battery, a polycrystalline silicon battery, a back emitter passivation battery, a silicon-based heterojunction battery, a full back electrode contact battery, a copper indium gallium selenide battery, a thin film microcrystalline silicon battery, a perovskite battery and other solar batteries.
An insulating film is adhered to the surface of the middle position of the metal back plate 5 through an adhesive film. The insulating film is made of PET or ASA insulating resin and has good insulating property. The adhesive film is EVA adhesive film, POE adhesive film or PVB adhesive film. During production, the insulating layer and the base layer are packaged through the glue film to form the back plate layer, so that the preparation flow and the preparation raw materials of the power generation building material are simplified.
The foregoing is a more detailed description of the present invention, taken in conjunction with the specific preferred embodiments thereof, and it is not intended that the invention be limited to the specific embodiments shown and described. To the utility model belongs to the technical field of ordinary technical personnel, do not deviate from the utility model discloses under the prerequisite of design, can also make a plurality of simple deductions or replacement, all should regard as belonging to the utility model discloses a protection scope.

Claims (9)

1. The power generation building material with the novel structure is characterized by sequentially comprising a transparent cover plate (1), a first sealing layer (2), a power generation circuit layer (3), a second sealing layer (4) and a metal back plate (5) from top to bottom; the metal back plate (5) is rectangular, the two sides of the long edge direction are wavy curved surfaces, the middle of the metal back plate is a plane, and the transparent cover plate (1), the first sealing layer (2), the power generation circuit layer (3) and the second sealing layer (4) are fixed at the middle position of the metal back plate (5).
2. The power generation building material as claimed in claim 1, wherein the adjacent power generation building materials are overlapped and clamped by the wavy curved surfaces of the adjacent metal back plates (5); when the power generation building material is overlapped with the color steel tile, the wavy curved surface of the power generation building material covers the wavy curved surface of the color steel tile.
3. The power generation building material as claimed in claim 2, wherein the highest part of the wavy curved surface of the metal back plate (5) is fixed on the color steel tile by using a plurality of self drilling screws.
4. The power generation building material according to claim 1, wherein the metal back plates (5) adjacent to each other are connected to each other in a covering manner in the short side direction, and the metal back plate (5) on the upper portion is covered with the metal back plate (5) on the lower portion.
5. The power generation building material according to claim 1, wherein the transparent cover plate (1) is glass, ETEF, fiberglass cloth, tempered glass, or acrylic plate.
6. The power generation building material of claim 1, wherein the first sealant layer (2) and the second sealant layer (4) are EVA adhesive film, POE adhesive film, or PVB adhesive film.
7. The power generation building material according to claim 1, wherein the power generation circuit layer (3) is a single crystal silicon cell, a polycrystalline silicon cell, a back emitter passivated cell, a silicon based heterojunction cell, an all back electrode contact cell, a copper indium gallium selenide cell, a thin film microcrystalline silicon cell, or a perovskite cell.
8. The power generation building material according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein an insulating film is bonded to the surface of the metal back plate (5) at the intermediate position thereof through an adhesive film.
9. The power generation building material of claim 8, wherein the insulating film is made of PET or ASA insulating resin, and the adhesive film is an EVA adhesive film, a POE adhesive film or a PVB adhesive film.
CN202120410638.8U 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 Novel electricity generation building materials of structure Active CN214753804U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP7471003B2 (en) 2022-03-23 2024-04-19 喬國能源科技股▲ふん▼有限公司 Solar panels

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP7471003B2 (en) 2022-03-23 2024-04-19 喬國能源科技股▲ふん▼有限公司 Solar panels

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