CN214090651U - Sponge city ecological roof - Google Patents

Sponge city ecological roof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214090651U
CN214090651U CN202022855122.2U CN202022855122U CN214090651U CN 214090651 U CN214090651 U CN 214090651U CN 202022855122 U CN202022855122 U CN 202022855122U CN 214090651 U CN214090651 U CN 214090651U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
rainwater
tank
roof
roof body
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CN202022855122.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张汉清
许明英
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Jiangsu Ziqin Construction Development Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Ziqin Construction Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202022855122.2U priority Critical patent/CN214090651U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The application relates to a sponge urban ecological roof, which comprises a roof body, a rainwater collecting device and a watering device, wherein the rainwater collecting device and the watering device are arranged on one side of the roof body; rainwater collection device includes the header tank, set up on the header tank with the roof body surface water inlet of intercommunication, watering device is including setting up the water pump in header tank one side and being used for the pipeline of watering, the inside intercommunication of water pump water inlet and header tank, the delivery port and the pipeline intercommunication of water pump. The header tank can be retrieved the rainwater, and the water pump can pass through the pipe discharge with the water in the header tank to in watering the plant on the roof, thereby promote the rationality of water utilization, reduce the cost of roof plant watering.

Description

Sponge city ecological roof
Technical Field
The application relates to the field of sponge city buildings, in particular to an ecological roof in a sponge city.
Background
In recent years, with the progress of urbanization becoming faster, in order to reduce the heat island effect, an ecological roof concept has been proposed, in which trees are planted in a relatively open place such as a roof and are greened, thereby reducing the heat island effect. Because these trees are located on the top of the building, the cost of transporting water to the top of the building is high, and the fresh water resources inside the building are usually scarce, the cost of watering the trees is high, and the water resource utilization is unreasonable.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to facilitate the watering of roof trees, optimize the rationality of water resource utilization, this application provides ecological roof in sponge city.
The application provides an ecological roof in sponge city adopts following technical scheme:
the sponge urban ecological roof comprises a roof body, a rainwater collecting device and a watering device, wherein the rainwater collecting device and the watering device are arranged on one side of the roof body; the rainwater collection device comprises a water collection tank, a water inlet communicated with the surface of the roof body is formed in the water collection tank, the irrigation device comprises a first water pump arranged on one side of the water collection tank and a pipeline used for irrigation, the water inlet of the first water pump is communicated with the interior of the water collection tank, and the water outlet of the first water pump is communicated with the pipeline.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when the rainwater falls on the roof, can flow into to the header tank in through the water inlet to in being convenient for carry out recycle to the rainwater, and first water pump can pass through the pipeline with the water in the header tank and discharge, so that water the plant on the roof, thereby promote the rationality of water utilization, reduce the cost of roof plant watering.
Preferably, the roof body includes the top layer and sets up the aquifer in the top layer below, connect through the heel post between top layer and the aquifer, the header tank sets up on the aquifer and is located between top layer and the aquifer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the plant is planted on the top layer, and the header tank sets up on the water-storage layer, and water-storage layer and top layer layering set up, can effectively promote the bearing capacity of roof body to collect the storage to the rainwater, and can be convenient for plant of plant.
Preferably, the water collecting tank comprises a clear water tank and a rainwater tank, and the water inlet is positioned on the rainwater tank; the clear water tank is connected with the rainwater tank through a rainwater purification device.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, rainwater purifier can purify the rainwater in the rainwater case and let in to the clear water case in, and the clear water can be used for the domestic water of building to effectively promote the rationality that the water resource utilized.
Preferably, the irrigation device further comprises a second water pump and a spraying pipeline, wherein a water inlet of the second water pump is communicated with the clear water tank, and a water outlet of the second water pump is communicated with the spraying pipeline; the water outlet end of the spraying pipeline extends to the upper part of the roof body.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the second water pump can make clear water pass through the spray pipe blowout to clear water is through spray pipe with water smoke form blowout, can improve the environment on roof, and can water the plant, is favorable to reducing urban heat island effect.
Preferably, a drainage pipeline is arranged on one side of the rainwater tank, and the end part of the drainage pipeline is connected with the upper end of the side wall of the rainwater tank.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when rainfall is too much, drainage pipe can play the effect of supplementary drainage for the rainwater is difficult for accumulating on the roof.
Preferably, the roof body is further provided with a reservoir, and the upper end of the side wall of the reservoir is provided with an overflow port communicated with the water inlet.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the rainwater can be stored in the cistern, and when air temperature was than higher, the rainwater in the cistern can evaporate, cools down the roof, is favorable to reducing the energy consumption of building, promotes environmental protection effect. Meanwhile, as the water on the roof firstly enters the reservoir, part of impurities in the rainwater can be precipitated in the reservoir, and a certain filtering function can be achieved.
Preferably, the rainwater collecting device further comprises a rain baffle, the rain baffle is arranged on one side of the roof body, one side of the rain baffle is connected with the roof body, and the other side of the rain baffle is far away from the roof body and inclines upwards; the upper surface of the rain baffle is connected with the upper surface of the roof body.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the weather shield can promote the surface area on roof to a certain extent to in collect the rainwater.
Preferably, a solar cell panel is further paved at the upper end of the rain baffle.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, solar cell panel has still been laid to the upper end of weather shield, can carry out make full use of to the space on the weather shield to solar cell panel's setting can effectively promote the feature of environmental protection of building. First water pump and second water pump also can be connected with solar cell panel, reduce the power consumption pressure of building.
In summary, the present application includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
1. the water collecting tank can recover rainwater, and the first water pump can discharge water in the water collecting tank through a pipeline so as to water plants on the roof conveniently, so that the rationality of water resource utilization is improved, and the cost of roof plant watering is reduced;
2. the roof body comprises a top layer and a water storage layer, plants are planted on the top layer, the water collecting tank is arranged on the water storage layer, and the water storage layer and the top layer are arranged in a layered mode, so that the bearing capacity of the roof body can be effectively improved, and rainwater can be collected and stored conveniently;
3. rainwater purifier can purify the rainwater in the rainwater tank and let in to the clear water tank in, and the clear water can be used for the domestic water of building to effectively promote the rationality that the water resource utilized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an ecological roof of a sponge city in the embodiment of the application;
fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of an ecological roof of a sponge city in the embodiment of the application.
In the drawings, the reference numbers: 1. a roof body; 11. a top layer; 111. a reservoir; 12. a aquifer; 2. a rainwater collection device; 21. a rain shield; 22. a water collection tank; 221. a rain tank; 222. a clear water tank; 23. a water discharge pipeline; 3. a watering device; 31. a first water pump; 32. irrigating a pipe; 33. a second water pump; 34. a spray pipe; 4. a rainwater purification device; 5. a solar cell panel.
Detailed Description
The present application is described in further detail below with reference to figures 1-2.
The embodiment of the application discloses ecological roof in sponge city. Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the sponge urban ecological roof comprises a roof body 1, a rainwater collecting device 2 and a watering device 3. The roof body 1 is arranged in a double-layer mode and comprises a top layer 11 and a water storage layer 12. The top layer 11 and the aquifer 12 are connected to each other by means of a load-bearing column, and a space is left between the top layer 11 and the aquifer 12. Plants are planted on the top layer 11. And the rainwater collecting device 2 can collect and utilize rainwater on the top layer 11. The watering device 3 is then able to water the plants on the top layer 11 with the rainwater collected by the rainwater collection device 2.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the rainwater collecting device 2 includes a rain shield 21 disposed on one side of the top layer 11, one side of the rain shield 21 is fixed on the top layer 11, the other side is inclined upward, and the upper end surface of the rain shield 21 is connected to the upper surface of the top layer 11, so that the rain shield 21 can effectively increase the area of the upper end of the top layer 11, so as to collect rainwater. The upper end of the rain shield 21 is also paved with a solar cell panel 5 so as to make full use of the space on the rain shield 21.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a water collection tank 22 is provided between the aquifer 12 and the top layer 11, the water collection tank 22 being secured to the aquifer 12. The water collection tank 22 includes a rain water tank 221 and a clear water tank 222, and the rain water tank 221 is provided with a water inlet. The top layer 11 is provided with a reservoir 111, and the side wall of the reservoir 111 is provided with an overflow port communicated with the water inlet, so that water in the reservoir 111 can enter the rainwater tank 221. One side of the clean water tank 222 is further provided with a drainage pipeline 23, one end of the drainage pipeline 23 is fixed at the upper end of the side wall of the clean water tank 222 and is communicated with the clean water tank 222, the other end of the drainage pipeline 23 is used for being connected with the drainage pipeline 23 of the building, and when the rainwater in the rainwater tank 221 is full, the rainwater can flow into the drainage pipeline 23.
Referring to fig. 2, a rainwater purification apparatus 4 is provided between the clear water tank 222 and the rainwater tank 221, and in the present embodiment, the rainwater purification apparatus 4 is preferably a water purifier, and the clear water tank 222 and the rainwater tank 221 are communicated with each other through the water purifier, so that the water purifier can purify rainwater in the rainwater tank 221 and introduce the purified rainwater into the clear water tank 222.
Referring to fig. 2, the watering device 3 includes a first water pump 31 and a watering pipe 32 provided on one side of the rain tank 221. The inlet of the first water pump 31 is connected to the rain tank 221, and the irrigation pipe 32 is connected to the outlet of the first water pump 31. The end of the watering pipe 32 extends above the top layer 11 so that the first water pump 31 can pump rain water onto the top layer 11 to water the plants.
Referring to fig. 2, a second water pump 33 and a spray pipe 34 are further provided at one side of the clean water tank 222. The water inlet of the second water pump 33 is communicated with the clean water tank 222, one end of the spraying pipeline 34 is connected with the water outlet of the second water pump 33, and the other end extends to the upper part of the top layer 11 and is connected with an atomizing nozzle.
The implementation principle of the ecological roof in sponge city of this application embodiment is: after the rainwater falls on the roof, the rainwater first flows into the reservoir 111 and then enters the rainwater tank 221, and the rainwater purification device 4 purifies a part of the rainwater in the rainwater tank 221 and leads into the clear water tank 222.
The first water pump 31 can introduce rainwater in the rainwater tank 221 to the top layer 11 through the irrigation pipe 32 so as to irrigate plants, and clear water in the clear water tank 222 is sprayed above the top layer 11 through the second water pump 33, the spraying pipeline 34 and the atomizing nozzle, so that the roof is cooled or the plants are irrigated.
The above embodiments are preferred embodiments of the present application, and the protection scope of the present application is not limited by the above embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the present application shall be covered by the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (6)

1. Ecological roof in sponge city, its characterized in that: comprises a roof body (1), a rainwater collecting device (2) and a watering device (3) which are arranged on one side of the roof body (1); the rainwater collecting device (2) comprises a water collecting tank (22), a water inlet communicated with the surface of the roof body (1) is formed in the water collecting tank (22), the irrigation device (3) comprises a first water pump (31) arranged on one side of the water collecting tank (22) and an irrigation pipe (32) used for irrigation, the water inlet of the first water pump (31) is communicated with the inside of the water collecting tank (22), and the water outlet of the first water pump (31) is communicated with the irrigation pipe (32);
the water collecting tank (22) comprises a clear water tank (222) and a rainwater tank (221), and the water inlet is positioned on the rainwater tank (221); the clear water tank (222) is connected with the rainwater tank (221) through a rainwater purification device (4);
the irrigation device (3) further comprises a second water pump (33) and a spraying pipeline (34), wherein a water inlet of the second water pump (33) is communicated with the clear water tank (222), and a water outlet of the second water pump (33) is communicated with the spraying pipeline (34); the water outlet end of the spraying pipeline (34) extends to the upper part of the roof body (1).
2. The sponge urban ecological roof according to claim 1, characterized in that: the roof body (1) comprises a top layer (11) and a water storage layer (12) arranged below the top layer (11), the top layer (11) is connected with the water storage layer (12) through a bearing column, and the water collecting tank (22) is arranged on the water storage layer (12) and is located between the top layer (11) and the water storage layer (12).
3. The sponge urban ecological roof according to claim 1, characterized in that: a drainage pipeline (23) is arranged on one side of the rainwater tank (221), and the end part of the drainage pipeline (23) is connected with the upper end of the side wall of the rainwater tank (221).
4. The sponge urban ecological roof according to claim 1, characterized in that: still seted up cistern (111) on roof body (1), the overflow mouth with the water inlet intercommunication is seted up to cistern (111) lateral wall upper end.
5. The sponge urban ecological roof according to claim 1, characterized in that: the rainwater collecting device (2) further comprises a rain baffle (21), the rain baffle (21) is arranged on one side of the roof body (1), one side of the rain baffle (21) is connected with the roof body (1), and the other side of the rain baffle is far away from the roof body (1) and inclines upwards; the upper surface of the rain baffle (21) is connected with the upper surface of the roof body (1).
6. The sponge urban ecological roof according to claim 5, characterized in that: and a solar cell panel (5) is further paved at the upper end of the rain baffle (21).
CN202022855122.2U 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 Sponge city ecological roof Active CN214090651U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022855122.2U CN214090651U (en) 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 Sponge city ecological roof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022855122.2U CN214090651U (en) 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 Sponge city ecological roof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214090651U true CN214090651U (en) 2021-08-31

Family

ID=77454829

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022855122.2U Active CN214090651U (en) 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 Sponge city ecological roof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214090651U (en)

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