CN213805443U - Steel construction, frame beam structure, side slope reinforced structure and reinforcement and support structure - Google Patents

Steel construction, frame beam structure, side slope reinforced structure and reinforcement and support structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213805443U
CN213805443U CN202022748790.5U CN202022748790U CN213805443U CN 213805443 U CN213805443 U CN 213805443U CN 202022748790 U CN202022748790 U CN 202022748790U CN 213805443 U CN213805443 U CN 213805443U
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China
Prior art keywords
steel
frame
slope
groove
plate
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CN202022748790.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马洪生
李兵
赵如雄
李勇
向波
刘峰
肖昊
刘自强
周海波
左乾坤
房强
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Sichuan Highway Planning Survey and Design Institute Ltd
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Sichuan Highway Planning Survey and Design Institute Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of slope protection, and provides a steel structure, a frame beam structure, a slope reinforcing structure and a reinforcing and supporting structure, wherein the steel structure comprises a plurality of I-shaped steels, and two flanges on two sides of each I-shaped steel are respectively positioned on the same plane; the connecting plates are arranged at the same side edges of the at least two I-shaped steels; the connecting plate is provided with a through hole; an object of the utility model is to provide a steel construction, frame beam structure, side slope reinforced structure and reinforcement and support structure swiftly restore the reinforcement side slope through steel construction and use.

Description

Steel construction, frame beam structure, side slope reinforced structure and reinforcement and support structure
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a side slope protection technical field particularly, relates to a steel construction and application thereof.
Background
In the side slope treatment process, often need use stock, anchor rope frame roof beam to strut the side slope, in the work progress of reality, the construction step of stock frame roof beam includes: measuring and lofting, foundation excavation, steel bar binding, formwork erection, concrete pouring, slope trimming, prefabricated block installation, backfilling planting soil and net hanging; the construction period of the whole step is long, the effect is good, the long period is fatal when the emergency slope is repaired and reinforced, and the steel structure, the frame beam structure, the slope reinforcing structure and the reinforcing and supporting structure which are quickly constructed and convenient for the emergency slope to modify and reinforce are provided.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a steel construction, frame beam structure, side slope reinforced structure and reinforcement and support structure swiftly restore the reinforcement side slope through steel construction and use.
The embodiment of the utility model discloses a realize through following technical scheme: a steel structure comprises a plurality of I-shaped steels, wherein two flanges on two sides of each I-shaped steel are respectively positioned on the same plane; the connecting plates are arranged at the same side edges of the at least two I-shaped steels; the connecting plate is provided with a through hole.
Further, including two I-steel and being equipped with the space between two I-steel, the through-hole sets up in the vertical top in space.
Furthermore, flanges on two sides of the I-shaped steel are provided with connecting plates.
Furthermore, the connection mode of the connecting plate and the I-shaped steel comprises welding and threaded connection.
Further, concrete 30 is poured between every two I-shaped steel.
The utility model provides a frame beam structure, includes the steel construction, and horizontal roof beam and vertical roof beam are constituteed to a plurality of steel constructions, are equipped with the first recess of opening up on the horizontal roof beam, are equipped with the second recess of opening down on the vertical roof beam, and the web of vertical roof beam is placed to first recess, and the web of horizontal roof beam is placed to the second recess, and first recess and second recess are nested each other.
Further, the height of the first groove and the height of the second groove are equal to the height of the steel structure.
Furthermore, a connecting plate is arranged at the joint of the transverse beam and the longitudinal beam.
The utility model provides a side slope reinforcing structure, includes frame beam structure, still includes stock anchor rope and foundation ditch, and frame beam structure sets up inside the foundation ditch, and the stock anchor rope passes the through-hole anchor on the side slope.
The utility model provides a reinforced support structure, includes the steel construction, still includes friction pile and barricade, and the steel construction is vertical to be set up in the friction pile and keep away from one side and the anchor in ground of side slope, and the top of steel construction is equipped with the connecting plate, is equipped with the prestressed anchorage cable in the through-hole of connecting plate, and the prestressed anchorage cable passes barricade or friction pile anchor on the side slope.
The utility model discloses technical scheme has following advantage and beneficial effect at least: a steel structure, a frame beam structure, a slope reinforcing structure and a reinforcing and supporting structure quickly repair and reinforce a slope through the steel structure and application of the steel structure.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention, and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
Fig. 1 is a first structural schematic diagram of a steel structure provided in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a structural schematic diagram of a steel structure provided in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic top view of a steel structure provided in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a steel structure provided in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a frame beam structure provided in embodiment 2 of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a longitudinal beam in a frame beam structure according to embodiment 2 of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a transverse beam in a frame beam structure according to embodiment 2 of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a slope reinforcement structure provided in embodiment 3 of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a reinforcing and supporting structure provided in embodiment 4 of the present invention;
icon: 1-side slope, 2-foundation pit, 3-slide-resistant pile, 10-I-steel, 11-web of longitudinal beam, 12-web of transverse beam, 13-prestressed anchor cable, 20-connecting plate, 21-through hole, 22-welding surface and 30-concrete 30.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. The components of embodiments of the present invention, as generally described and illustrated in the figures herein, may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the accompanying drawings, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, it need not be further defined and explained in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, if the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer" and the like indicate the position or positional relationship based on the position or positional relationship shown in the drawings, or the position or positional relationship which is usually placed when the product of the present invention is used, the description is only for convenience of description and simplification, but the indication or suggestion that the device or element to be referred must have a specific position, be constructed and operated in a specific position, and thus, cannot be understood as a limitation of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be further noted that unless otherwise explicitly stated or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "connected" should be interpreted broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Example 1
A steel structure, as shown in fig. 1-2, comprises two I-beams 10 and a plurality of connecting plates 20, wherein flanges on two sides of the I-beams 10 are respectively located on the same plane pairwise, namely, the I-beams 10 are located on the same plane, and the flanges are placed downwards, so that the flanges support the whole steel structure, and meanwhile, the strength of the whole steel structure is provided by the cooperation of a web and the flanges.
The connecting plates 20 are arranged on the flanges on the same side of the two i-beams 10, and it is required here that, in this embodiment, the connecting plates 20 may be arranged on one side or both sides of the i-beams 10, the distance between adjacent connecting plates 20 is not limited, and is determined according to actual engineering requirements, and in order to realize temporary support, the connecting plates 20 and the flanges of the wage steel are connected by threads, so that temporary emergency is completed, and the connecting plates 20 and the flanges are convenient to remove, and if permanent support is realized, as shown in fig. 3, the connecting plates 20 and the flanges should be welded, and sufficient welding surfaces 22 and corrosion prevention are ensured; the purpose of using two i-beams 10 is 1: the strength of the two I-shaped steels 10 is far greater than that of one I-shaped steel 10, and the cost performance of the manufacturing cost and the strength is relatively high; 2, the middle parts of the two I-beams 10 can well form a bearing groove, as shown in fig. 4, concrete 30 or other fillers can be poured in the bearing groove, the strength of the steel structure is further enhanced, and the manufacturing cost is reduced.
The connecting plate 20 is provided with a through hole 21, and an anchor cable, an anchor rod or other fixtures penetrate through the through hole 21 to fix a steel structure at one side or facilitate the combination of the steel structure and other structures to be supported; for example, when the bearing groove is filled with concrete 30, fixing members such as anchor cables and anchor rods are also fixed by the concrete 30, thereby enhancing the strength of the whole structure.
Example 2
A frame beam structure, comprising the steel structures described in the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 5, wherein a plurality of the steel structures form a transverse beam and a longitudinal beam, as shown in fig. 7, the transverse beam is provided with a first groove with an upward opening, as shown in fig. 6, the longitudinal beam is provided with a second groove with a downward opening, the first groove is used for placing a web 11 of the longitudinal beam, the second groove is used for placing a web 12 of the transverse beam, the first groove and the second groove are nested with each other, and the transverse beam and the longitudinal beam form a net structure which can be used as a supporting surface, such as a platform surface or a supporting surface. When a complete and horizontal platform surface needs to be formed, the height of the first groove and the height of the second groove are equal to the height of the steel structure, namely, the transverse beam and the longitudinal beam form the same height, and the requirement of flatness is met; when a supporting surface is required, in some embodiments, a connecting plate 20 may be disposed at the joint of the transverse beam and the longitudinal beam, and the frame beam structure is fixed by the connecting plate 20, so as to achieve the purpose of supporting.
Example 3
As shown in fig. 8, a slope reinforcement structure includes the frame beam structure described in the second embodiment, and further includes an anchor rod anchor cable and a foundation pit 2, the foundation pit 2 is disposed on a slope 1, and the frame beam structure is disposed inside the foundation pit 2 and can be grouted; the anchor rod and the anchor cable penetrate through the through hole 21 and are anchored on the side slope 1. The side slopes 1 are supported by a side slope reinforcement structure.
Example 4
As shown in fig. 9, a reinforced supporting structure, including the steel construction described in the first embodiment, still include slide-resistant pile 3 and barricade, the steel construction vertical set up in slide-resistant pile 3 keeps away from one side of slope 1 and anchor in ground, the top of steel construction is equipped with connecting plate 20, be equipped with prestressed anchorage cable 13 in the through-hole 21 of connecting plate 20, prestressed anchorage cable 13 passes barricade or slide-resistant pile 3 anchor is on slope 1, utilizes steel construction reinforced slide-resistant pile 3 and barricade.
Example 5
In this embodiment, a side slope reinforcing structure includes the frame beam structure described in embodiment two, and still includes stock anchor rope and concrete beam, and frame beam structure sets up on the side slope, the stock anchor rope passes through-hole 21 anchors on side slope 1, and concrete is poured outside the frame beam, constitutes reinforced concrete frame structure, supports the side slope, utilizes the concrete to carry out rust-resistant protection to the steel construction simultaneously.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes will occur to those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A steel structure, its characterized in that: comprises that
The flanges on two sides of the I-shaped steel are in the same plane in pairs respectively;
the connecting plates are arranged at the same side edges of the at least two I-shaped steels; the connecting plate is provided with a through hole.
2. The steel structure of claim 1, comprising two i-beams with a gap therebetween, wherein the through-hole is disposed vertically above the gap.
3. The steel structure of claim 2, wherein the flanges on both sides of the i-beam are provided with webs.
4. The steel structure of claim 3, wherein the connection of the connection plate to the I-beam comprises welding and screwing.
5. A steel structure according to claim 3, wherein concrete 30 is cast between two of said i-beams.
6. A frame beam structure comprises a plurality of steel structures according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the plurality of steel structures form a transverse beam and a longitudinal beam, a first groove with an upward opening is formed in the transverse beam, a second groove with a downward opening is formed in the longitudinal beam, a web of the longitudinal beam is placed in the first groove, a web of the transverse beam is placed in the second groove, and the first groove and the second groove are mutually nested.
7. The frame beam structure of claim 6, wherein the height of the first groove plus the height of the second groove is equal to the height of the steel structure.
8. The frame beam structure of claim 7, wherein the junction of the transverse beam and the longitudinal beam is provided with a connecting plate.
9. A slope reinforcement structure comprising a plurality of frame beam structures according to claim 8, further comprising anchor rod anchor cables and a foundation pit, wherein the frame beam structures are arranged inside the foundation pit, and the anchor rod anchor cables penetrate through the through holes to be anchored on the slope.
10. A reinforced supporting structure, comprising the steel structure of any one of claims 1-5, characterized by further comprising a slide-resistant pile and a retaining wall, wherein the steel structure is vertically arranged on one side of the slide-resistant pile away from a side slope and anchored on the ground, a connecting plate is arranged at the top of the steel structure, a prestressed anchor cable is arranged in a through hole of the connecting plate, and the prestressed anchor cable penetrates through the retaining wall or the slide-resistant pile and is anchored on the side slope.
CN202022748790.5U 2020-11-24 2020-11-24 Steel construction, frame beam structure, side slope reinforced structure and reinforcement and support structure Active CN213805443U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022748790.5U CN213805443U (en) 2020-11-24 2020-11-24 Steel construction, frame beam structure, side slope reinforced structure and reinforcement and support structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022748790.5U CN213805443U (en) 2020-11-24 2020-11-24 Steel construction, frame beam structure, side slope reinforced structure and reinforcement and support structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213805443U true CN213805443U (en) 2021-07-27

Family

ID=76938672

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022748790.5U Active CN213805443U (en) 2020-11-24 2020-11-24 Steel construction, frame beam structure, side slope reinforced structure and reinforcement and support structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213805443U (en)

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