CN212673417U - Energy-saving water flow window - Google Patents

Energy-saving water flow window Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212673417U
CN212673417U CN202021410348.5U CN202021410348U CN212673417U CN 212673417 U CN212673417 U CN 212673417U CN 202021410348 U CN202021410348 U CN 202021410348U CN 212673417 U CN212673417 U CN 212673417U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
pipe
circulation
window
liquid
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202021410348.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李春莹
唐海达
李令令
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Shenzhen University
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Shenzhen University
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Priority to CN202021410348.5U priority Critical patent/CN212673417U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model discloses an energy-conserving rivers window, energy-conserving rivers window includes: the window structure is provided with a first liquid cavity, a gas cavity and a second liquid cavity which are arranged at intervals, and the gas cavity is positioned between the first liquid cavity and the second liquid cavity; the circulation subassembly, the circulation subassembly includes first circulating pipe and second circulating pipe, the first circulating pipe with first liquid chamber intercommunication to form first circulation passageway, the second circulating pipe with second liquid chamber intercommunication to form second circulation passageway, first circulation passageway is used for the water supply circulation, second circulation passageway is used for supplying refrigeration or heating the liquid circulation. The utility model aims at providing an effectively utilize solar energy, and isolated outdoor heat is too much to transmit to indoor energy-conserving rivers window, and this energy-conserving rivers window has effectively improved indoor travelling comfort.

Description

Energy-saving water flow window
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an energy-conserving window form technical field, in particular to energy-conserving rivers window.
Background
The window is the most significant part of the building envelope in heat exchange, and the heating and refrigerating energy loss of the window usually accounts for more than half of the energy consumption of the building envelope. The design of window body among the correlation technique has with high costs for the transmission of the outer excessive heat of window body is indoor, and can't utilize solar energy scheduling problem.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing an energy-conserving rivers window aims at providing one kind and effectively utilizes solar energy, and isolated outdoor heat is too much to be transmitted to indoor energy-conserving rivers window, and this energy-conserving rivers window has effectively improved indoor travelling comfort.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides an energy-conserving rivers window, energy-conserving rivers window includes:
the window structure is provided with a first liquid cavity, a gas cavity and a second liquid cavity which are arranged at intervals, and the gas cavity is positioned between the first liquid cavity and the second liquid cavity; and
the circulation subassembly, the circulation subassembly includes first circulating pipe and second circulating pipe, the first circulating pipe with first liquid chamber intercommunication to form first circulation passageway, the second circulating pipe with second liquid chamber intercommunication to form second circulation passageway, first circulation passageway is used for the water supply circulation, second circulation passageway is used for supplying refrigeration or heating the liquid circulation.
In one embodiment, the window structure comprises a frame body, and a first glass layer, a second glass layer, a third glass layer and a fourth glass layer which are arranged on the frame body, wherein the first glass layer and the second glass layer are enclosed to form the first liquid cavity, the second glass layer and the third glass layer are enclosed to form the gas cavity, and the third glass layer and the fourth glass layer are enclosed to form the second liquid cavity.
In an embodiment, the window structure further includes a first water dividing pipe and a first water collecting pipe disposed on the frame body, the first water dividing pipe and the first water collecting pipe are located at two ends of the first liquid chamber and are communicated with the first liquid chamber, the first circulation pipe is connected to the first water dividing pipe and the first water collecting pipe, respectively, and the first circulation passage is formed by the first circulation pipe, the first water dividing pipe, the first liquid chamber and the first water collecting pipe.
In an embodiment, the window structure further includes a second water distribution pipe and a second water collection pipe disposed on the frame body, the second water distribution pipe and the second water collection pipe are located at two ends of the second liquid chamber and are communicated with the second liquid chamber, the second circulation pipe is connected to the second water distribution pipe and the second water collection pipe, respectively, and the second circulation pipe, the second water distribution pipe, the second liquid chamber, and the second water collection pipe form the second circulation channel.
In one embodiment, the first water dividing pipe is provided with a plurality of water inlet holes arranged at intervals, and the plurality of water inlet holes are communicated with the first liquid cavity and the first water dividing pipe;
and/or the first water collecting pipe is provided with a plurality of water outlet holes which are arranged at intervals, and the plurality of water outlet holes are communicated with the first liquid cavity and the first water collecting pipe;
and/or the second water distribution pipe is provided with a plurality of liquid inlet holes which are arranged at intervals and communicated with the second liquid cavity and the second water distribution pipe;
and/or, the second collector pipe is provided with a plurality of liquid outlet holes arranged at intervals, and the plurality of liquid outlet holes are communicated with the second liquid cavity and the second collector pipe.
In one embodiment, at least one surface of the first glass layer is coated with a dye layer or a nano material layer.
In one embodiment, phase change capsule microparticles are arranged in the first liquid cavity;
and/or the gas cavity is a sealed air interlayer or a vacuum cavity.
In one embodiment, the circulation module further comprises a first water pump and a second water pump, the first water pump is disposed on the first circulation pipe, and the second water pump is disposed on the second circulation pipe.
In one embodiment, the circulation assembly further comprises a heat preservation water tank, wherein a heat exchange pipe is arranged in the heat preservation water tank, and the heat exchange pipe is communicated with the first circulation pipe.
In an embodiment, the circulation assembly further includes a cold source connected to the second circulation pipe, and the cold source is a high temperature refrigeration unit, a ground heat exchanger, a ground source heat pump unit, a water source heat pump unit or a cooling tower.
The energy-saving water flow window adopts the technical scheme that the first liquid cavity, the gas cavity and the second liquid cavity are arranged in the window body structure, so that the gas cavity is positioned between the first liquid cavity and the second liquid cavity, and the gas cavity is utilized to cut off the heat transfer of the first liquid cavity and the second liquid cavity; meanwhile, through the arrangement of the circulating assembly, the first circulating pipe of the circulating assembly is communicated with the first liquid cavity, the first circulating channel is formed, the second circulating pipe is communicated with the second liquid cavity, the second circulating channel is formed, the first circulating channel is utilized for water flow circulation, the sun shading can be realized while the energy-saving water flow window effectively utilizes solar energy, the second circulating channel is utilized for refrigerating or heating liquid circulation, the second circulating channel can be utilized for stably adjusting the indoor environment, the energy-saving water flow window is suitable for areas and buildings with refrigerating needs and hot water needs in summer, the gas cavity is utilized for isolating heat transfer of the first liquid cavity and the second liquid cavity, heat loss of circulating water in the first liquid cavity is avoided, and heat exchange affecting the second liquid cavity and the indoor environment temperature is also avoided.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the structures shown in the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an energy-saving water flow window according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a window structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.
The reference numbers illustrate:
the objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that all the directional indicators (such as upper, lower, left, right, front and rear … …) in the embodiment of the present invention are only used to explain the relative position relationship between the components, the motion situation, etc. in a specific posture (as shown in the drawings), and if the specific posture is changed, the directional indicator is changed accordingly.
Also, the meaning of "and/or" and/or "appearing throughout is meant to encompass three scenarios, exemplified by" A and/or B "including scenario A, or scenario B, or scenarios where both A and B are satisfied.
In addition, descriptions in the present application as to "first", "second", and the like are for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicit to the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In addition, the technical solutions in the embodiments may be combined with each other, but it must be based on the realization of those skilled in the art, and when the technical solutions are contradictory or cannot be realized, the combination of the technical solutions should not be considered to exist, and is not within the protection scope of the present invention.
The window is the most significant part of the building envelope structure for heat exchange, and the heating and refrigerating energy loss of the window usually accounts for more than half of the energy consumption of the building envelope structure. The window design should comprehensively consider factors such as indoor light and heat environment comfort and energy consumption of air conditioners and lighting systems. The ideal window should be able to control the temperature difference heat transfer of the window, adjust the solar radiation transmission, reduce the load of the air conditioning system.
In the related art, the energy-saving window body has incomplete functions, such as heat absorption glass, heat reflection glass and low-e glass, which cannot effectively utilize solar energy; PV windows can utilize solar energy to generate electricity, but are costly; the novel water flow window consists of double-layer glass and a middle closed water flow interlayer, solar radiation transmission and indoor and outdoor heat transfer are adjusted by utilizing the flow of water, but the outdoor heat can enter the room too much under certain conditions due to the higher heat conductivity of the water flow.
Based on the above concepts and problems, the present invention provides an energy saving water flow window 100. It will be appreciated that the energy efficient water flow window 100 may be applied to buildings, particularly in areas and buildings having summer cooling needs and hot water needs. The utility model discloses an energy-conserving rivers window 100 had both had the rivers window design, realized functions such as building sunshade, solar energy utilization, indoor thermal environment regulation in step.
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2 in combination, in the embodiment of the present invention, the energy saving water flow window 100 includes a window structure 1 and a circulating assembly 2, wherein the window structure 1 is provided with a first liquid cavity 131, a gas cavity 132 and a second liquid cavity 133, which are arranged at intervals, and the gas cavity 132 is located between the first liquid cavity 131 and the second liquid cavity 133; the circulation module 2 includes a first circulation pipe 21 and a second circulation pipe 22, the first circulation pipe 21 is communicated with the first liquid chamber 131 and forms a first circulation passage, the second circulation pipe 22 is communicated with the second liquid chamber 133 and forms a second circulation passage, the first circulation passage is used for circulating a water supply flow, and the second circulation passage is used for circulating a cooling or heating liquid.
In the present embodiment, the first liquid chamber 131, the gas chamber 132 and the second liquid chamber 133 of the window structure 1 are arranged at intervals and in parallel, and in order to connect the first liquid chamber 131 and the second liquid chamber 133 with the first circulation pipe 21 and the second circulation pipe 22 of the circulation assembly 2 respectively to form a first circulation passage for circulating water and a second circulation passage for circulating cooling or heating liquid, the first liquid chamber 131, the gas chamber 132 and the second liquid chamber 133 of the window structure 1 are all sealed chambers.
It is understood that the first liquid chamber 131, the gas chamber 132 and the second liquid chamber 133 may be formed by integrally forming the window structure 1, or may be formed by enclosing a separate structure to form a closed chamber, which is not limited herein. In the present embodiment, the first circulation pipe 21 communicates with the first liquid chamber 131 and forms a first circulation passage for circulating the water flow, that is, both ends of the first circulation pipe 21 are connected to both ends of the first liquid chamber 131, respectively, thereby forming the first circulation passage. The second circulation pipe 22 communicates with the second liquid chamber 133 and forms a second circulation passage for circulating the cooling or heating liquid, that is, both ends of the second circulation pipe 22 communicate with both ends of the second liquid chamber 133, respectively, thereby forming a second circulation passage.
The energy-saving water flow window 100 of the present invention is provided with the first liquid chamber 131, the gas chamber 132 and the second liquid chamber 133 in the window structure 1, so that the gas chamber 132 is located between the first liquid chamber 131 and the second liquid chamber 133, and the gas chamber 132 is used to block the heat transfer between the first liquid chamber 131 and the second liquid chamber 133; meanwhile, by disposing the circulation module 2 such that the first circulation pipe 21 of the circulation module 2 communicates with the first liquid chamber 131, and forms a first circulation passage so that the second circulation pipe 22 communicates with the second liquid chamber 133, and forms a second circulation passage, thereby, the first circulation channel is used for water flow circulation, the energy-saving water flow window 100 can effectively utilize solar energy and realize sun shading, the second circulation channel is used for refrigerating or heating liquid circulation, therefore, the second circulation channel can be used for stably adjusting the indoor environment, so that the energy-saving water flow window is suitable for areas and buildings with summer refrigeration needs and hot water needs, and the heat transfer of the first and second liquid chambers 131 and 133 is blocked by the gas chamber 132, thereby preventing heat loss from the circulating water in the first liquid chamber 141 and also preventing heat exchange from affecting the second liquid chamber 133 and the indoor ambient temperature.
The utility model discloses an energy-conserving rivers window 100 adopts the design of bilayer rivers circulation, has effectively strengthened the building energy-conserving effect, and the material cost of energy-conserving rivers window 100's window body structure 1 is not high, has outstanding building energy-saving potentiality and good application prospect. It is understood that the water flowing in the first fluid chamber 131 and the second fluid chamber 133 may be replaced by other suitable fluids, so as to better absorb heat and store energy, further reduce indoor cooling load and improve solar energy utilization efficiency. The energy-saving water flow window 100 simultaneously realizes the functions of building sun shading, solar energy utilization, indoor heat environment regulation and the like, and is particularly suitable for areas and buildings with a large amount of refrigeration needs in summer and hot water needs.
In an embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the window structure 1 includes a frame 11, and a first glass layer 121, a second glass layer 122, a third glass layer 123, and a fourth glass layer 124 disposed on the frame 11, where the first glass layer 121 and the second glass layer 122 enclose to form the first liquid chamber 131, the second glass layer 122 and the third glass layer 123 enclose to form the gas chamber 132, and the third glass layer 123 and the fourth glass layer 124 enclose to form the second liquid chamber 133.
In the present embodiment, the frame 11 of the window structure 1 is used to fix, mount and seal the first glass layer 121, the second glass layer 122, the third glass layer 123 and the fourth glass layer 124, so that the first glass layer 121, the second glass layer 122, the third glass layer 123 and the fourth glass layer 124 are spaced and arranged in parallel in the inner cavity of the frame 11, so that the first glass layer 121 and the second glass layer 122 enclose the first liquid cavity 131, the second glass layer 122 and the third glass layer 123 enclose the gas cavity 132, and the third glass layer 123 and the fourth glass layer 124 enclose the second liquid cavity 133.
It is understood that the first glass layer 121, the second glass layer 122, the third glass layer 123 and the fourth glass layer 124 may be made of float glass to reduce cost, and other types of glass may be used to enhance the sun-shading effect, such as heat-absorbing glass, heat-reflecting glass, etc., without limitation.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 2, the window structure 1 further includes a first water dividing pipe 141 and a first water collecting pipe 142 disposed on the frame 11, the first water dividing pipe 141 and the first water collecting pipe 142 are disposed at both ends of the first liquid chamber 131 and communicate with the first liquid chamber 131, the first circulation pipe 21 is connected to the first water dividing pipe 141 and the first water collecting pipe 142, respectively, and the first circulation pipe 21, the first water dividing pipe 141, the first liquid chamber 131, and the first water collecting pipe 142 form the first circulation channel.
It can be understood that, in order to uniformly distribute the water flowing in the first liquid chamber 131, the water film layer formed between the first glass layer 121 and the second glass layer 122 can achieve a good sunshade effect.
In order to further improve the uniformity of the water flow in the first liquid chamber 131, as shown in fig. 2, the first water dividing pipe 141 is provided with a plurality of water inlet holes 1411 arranged at intervals, and the plurality of water inlet holes 1411 communicate the first liquid chamber 131 with the first water dividing pipe 141. It can be understood that the plurality of water inlet holes 1411 are uniformly and alternately arranged in the first water dividing pipe 141 and extend along the extension direction of the first water dividing pipe 141.
In this embodiment, the first water collecting pipe 142 is provided with a plurality of water outlet holes 1421 arranged at intervals, and the plurality of water outlet holes 1421 communicate the first liquid chamber 131 with the first water collecting pipe 142. As can be appreciated, by providing the plurality of outlet holes 1421 spaced apart from each other on the first water collecting pipe 142, the plurality of outlet holes 1421 are uniformly and alternately arranged on the first water collecting pipe 142 and extend along the extension direction of the first water collecting pipe 142, so as to ensure that the water flow in the first liquid chamber 131 enters the first water collecting pipe 142 through the plurality of outlet holes 1421 and circulates to the first water dividing pipe 141 by the first circulation pipe 21.
In an embodiment, the window structure 1 further includes a second water diversion pipe 151 and a second water collection pipe 152 disposed on the frame 11, the second water diversion pipe 151 and the second water collection pipe 152 are disposed at two ends of the second liquid chamber 133 and are communicated with the second liquid chamber 133, the second circulation pipe 22 is connected to the second water diversion pipe 151 and the second water collection pipe 152, respectively, and the second circulation pipe 22, the second water diversion pipe 151, the second liquid chamber 133 and the second water collection pipe 152 form the second circulation channel.
It is understood that the second water distribution pipe 151 and the second water collection pipe 152 are disposed to uniformly distribute the cooling or heating liquid flowing in the second liquid chamber 133, so that the cooling or heating liquid film can be uniformly heat-exchanged between the third glass layer 123 and the fourth glass layer 124.
In order to further improve the flow uniformity of the cooling liquid or the heating liquid in the second liquid chamber 133, as shown in fig. 2, the second water dividing pipe 151 is provided with a plurality of liquid inlet holes 1511 arranged at intervals, and the plurality of liquid inlet holes 1511 communicate the second liquid chamber 133 with the second water dividing pipe 151. It can be understood that the plurality of liquid inlet holes 1511 are uniformly and alternately arranged in the second water distribution pipe 151, and are extended and arranged along the extension direction of the second water distribution pipe 151.
In this embodiment, the second water collecting pipe 152 is provided with a plurality of liquid outlet holes 1521 arranged at intervals, and the plurality of liquid outlet holes 1521 communicate the second liquid chamber 133 with the second water collecting pipe 152. It can be understood that, by providing a plurality of liquid outlet holes 1521 spaced apart from each other on the second water collecting pipe 152, the plurality of liquid outlet holes 1521 are uniformly and spaced apart from each other and arranged on the second water collecting pipe 152, and extend along the extending direction of the second water collecting pipe 152, so as to ensure that the cooling or heating liquid in the second liquid chamber 133 enters the second water collecting pipe 152 through the plurality of liquid outlet holes 1521, and is circulated to the second water distributing pipe 151 by the second circulating pipe 22.
In one embodiment, at least one surface of the first glass layer 121 is coated with a dye layer or a nano material layer. It will be appreciated that by disposing the dye layer or the nano-material layer on the first glass layer 121, different solar radiation absorption and reflection rates can be obtained, so that the heat exchange capability of the water flow in the first liquid chamber 131 can be improved, and the solar energy utilization rate can be improved.
Of course, in other embodiments, the heat gain caused by indoor solar radiation transmission can be adjusted according to actual needs (including local climate conditions and building functions) by adding dye or nano-material to the water flow in the first liquid chamber 131 to make the water flow obtain different solar radiation absorptivity and reflectivity.
In one embodiment, phase change capsule microparticles are disposed in the first liquid chamber 131. It can be understood that, by arranging the phase change capsule micro-particles in the first liquid chamber 131, the phase change capsule micro-particles are utilized to enhance the absorptivity of solar radiation, so as to achieve the purpose of converting solar radiation into heat energy for storage, thereby further reducing the heat caused by indoor solar radiation transmission.
In this embodiment, the phase-change material in the phase-change capsule microparticles changes from a solid state to a liquid state to store heat, and the stored heat is slowly released at night and the phase-change material changes back to the solid state. Of course, in other embodiments, the phase-change capsule microparticles may be added to the water flow in the first liquid chamber 131, so as to enhance the absorptivity of solar radiation by using the phase-change capsule microparticles, achieve the purpose of converting solar radiation into thermal energy for storage, and further reduce the heat caused by indoor solar radiation transmission.
It will be appreciated that in order to make the appearance of the building more attractive and harmonious, the aesthetic appearance may be increased by applying different color layers to the outer or inner walls of the first glass layer 121. Of course, in other embodiments, a color may be added to the water flow in the first liquid chamber 131, which is beneficial to the aesthetic appearance of the building, and is not limited herein.
In one embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1, the gas chamber 132 is a sealed air plenum or vacuum chamber. It can be understood that by disposing a sealed air interlayer or vacuum chamber between the first liquid chamber 131 and the second liquid chamber 133, the heat exchange between the first liquid chamber 131 and the second liquid chamber 133 is blocked by the sealed air interlayer or vacuum chamber, so as to further increase the overall thermal resistance of the window structure 1, and reduce the adverse effects of the outdoor environment and the glass temperature rise on the indoor thermal environment.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the circulation module 2 further comprises a first water pump 23 and a second water pump 24, the first water pump 23 is disposed on the first circulation pipe 21, and the second water pump 24 is disposed on the second circulation pipe 22.
It can be understood that the circulation capacity of the water flow in the first circulation passage is improved by the first water pump 23 by providing the first water pump 23 on the first circulation pipe 21. By providing the second water pump 24 to the second circulation pipe 22, the circulation capacity of the cooling or heating liquid in the second circulation passage is improved by the second water pump 24.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the circulation assembly 2 further comprises a heat preservation water tank 25, and a heat exchange pipe is arranged in the heat preservation water tank 25 and is communicated with the first circulation pipe 21.
It will be appreciated that the first liquid chamber 131 of the window structure 1 is connected to the heat-insulating water tank 25 through the first circulation pipe 21, so that the first circulation passage is formed as a solar heat utilization system, so that during the daytime, water flows through the first liquid chamber 131 to absorb part of the incident solar radiation, and exchanges heat with the first glass layer 121 through convection heat transfer. The water temperature rises and flows to the heat exchange tube in the heat preservation water tank 25, so municipal water supply can be preheated in the heat preservation water tank 25 through the heat exchange tube, and the water flow after heat exchange returns to the first liquid cavity 131 again under the effect of the first water pump 23 to realize circulating water flow.
It can be understood that the warm water in the thermal insulation water tank 25, which is subjected to heat exchange by the heat exchange tube, flows through the water heater, is heated and flows to the water consumption point of the building domestic hot water, so that the sun-shading effect is realized by the water film formed by the water flow in the first liquid cavity 131 while the solar energy is utilized.
In an embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the circulation assembly 2 further includes a cold source 26 connected to the second circulation pipe 22, and the cold source 26 is a high temperature refrigeration unit, a ground heat exchanger, a ground source heat pump unit, a water source heat pump unit or a cooling tower.
It will be appreciated that the second liquid chamber 133 of the window structure 1 is connected to the cold source 26 through the second circulation pipe 22, making the second circulation passage a radiant cooling or heating system. During the time period when cooling is needed, the refrigerant fluid flows from the cooling source 26 through the second fluid chamber 133, absorbs the heat of the fourth glass layer 124, and reduces the temperature of the inner glass, thereby regulating the indoor thermal environment. Because the gas cavity 132 is formed between the second glass layer 122 and the third glass layer 123, that is, the gas cavity 132 blocks the heat exchange between the first liquid cavity 131 and the second liquid cavity 133, the overall thermal resistance of the window structure 1 is further increased, and the adverse effects of the outdoor environment and the glass temperature rise on the indoor thermal environment are reduced.
Optionally, the cold source 26 may be a high temperature refrigeration unit, a ground heat exchanger, a ground source heat pump unit, a water source heat pump unit, or a cooling tower. It is understood that the cold source 26 can be used for cooling or heating the cooling or heating liquid, and is selected according to the actual application scenario, and is not limited herein. Certainly, when the ground heat exchanger and the ground source heat pump unit are adopted, the utilization of the geothermal energy is realized at the same time.
The utility model discloses an energy-conserving rivers window 100 has realized solar energy building integration from the environmental protection perspective, and low carbon is energy-conserving to be favorable to sustainable development target, moreover very big solar energy system's of saving area. From the perspective of indoor environment, the energy-saving water flow window 100 can absorb redundant solar radiation, reduce the refrigeration load of an indoor air conditioner, and save electric energy; and prevents discomfort caused by the indoor glare problem, thereby creating a good indoor thermal environment and luminous environment. From the economic benefit perspective, the energy-saving water flow window 100 can reduce the refrigeration load of the indoor air conditioner, and save electric energy and the use cost of the building. The energy-saving water flow window 100 is convenient to install, realizes self-shading of a window body, and can be free from installing other external shading facilities, so that the high-altitude falling risk of external shading is reduced.
The utility model discloses an air-conditioning room of this energy-conserving rivers window 100 of installation has been calculated to numerical simulation's mode, the indoor heat of getting in the refrigeration season and the solar radiation utilization condition. Based on the analysis, the operation energy efficiency, the building energy-saving potential and the static investment recovery period of the energy-saving water flow window 100 are analyzed. The energy-saving water flow window 100 can greatly reduce indoor heat gain and air-conditioning refrigeration load, and save electricity charge; compared with a double-layer glass curtain wall, the average solar radiation transmittance of the energy-saving water flow window 100 is reduced from 0.306 to 0.107.
When the inlet water temperature of the second liquid chamber 133 water flow layer is lower than or equal to 20.0 ℃, the heat gain in the room is smaller than the heat gain in the room caused by the solar radiation transmission. Namely, the energy saving water flow window 100 partially replaces the conventional air conditioner terminal from the function. In hot summer when the outdoor environment temperature is higher, the energy-saving water flow window 100 can more effectively utilize high-temperature cold water to transfer heat away from the building envelope. The energy-saving water flow window 100 is more suitable for areas with long refrigeration seasons and high average temperature.
The energy-saving water flow window 100 realizes solar building integration, the solar heat utilization efficiency reaches more than 15.0%, and the energy consumption of a building domestic hot water system is saved. The inlet temperature of the water circulation of the second liquid chamber 133 is lowered and the heat absorption efficiency of the water circulation of the first liquid chamber 131 is less affected.
It can be understood that, by comprehensively considering the electricity cost saving of the air conditioning system and the hot water system, the electric energy consumption of the circulating water pump and the high-temperature cold source 26 of the energy-saving water flow window 100, and the additionally increased initial investment cost, the static investment recovery period of the energy-saving water flow window 100 under the specific climate condition is within 8 years, and good economic benefits and environmental protection benefits are achieved.
In the heating season, the energy-saving water flow window 100 can discharge water flow, the thermal resistance of a maintenance system is increased in a multi-layer air interlayer mode, and indoor heat loss is reduced; or low-temperature hot water can be introduced to carry out indoor heating.
The above is only the optional embodiment of the present invention, and not therefore the limit to the patent scope of the present invention, all the concepts of the present invention utilize the equivalent structure transformation of the content of the specification and the attached drawings, or the direct/indirect application in other related technical fields is included in the patent protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An energy-conserving rivers window, its characterized in that, energy-conserving rivers window includes:
the window structure is provided with a first liquid cavity, a gas cavity and a second liquid cavity which are arranged at intervals, and the gas cavity is positioned between the first liquid cavity and the second liquid cavity; and
the circulation subassembly, the circulation subassembly includes first circulating pipe and second circulating pipe, the first circulating pipe with first liquid chamber intercommunication to form first circulation passageway, the second circulating pipe with second liquid chamber intercommunication to form second circulation passageway, first circulation passageway is used for the water supply circulation, second circulation passageway is used for supplying refrigeration or heating the liquid circulation.
2. The energy saving water flow window of claim 1, wherein the window structure comprises a frame body, and a first glass layer, a second glass layer, a third glass layer and a fourth glass layer disposed on the frame body, wherein the first glass layer and the second glass layer surround to form the first liquid chamber, the second glass layer and the third glass layer surround to form the gas chamber, and the third glass layer and the fourth glass layer surround to form the second liquid chamber.
3. The energy saving water window of claim 2, wherein the window structure further comprises a first water distribution pipe and a first water collection pipe disposed at the frame body, the first water distribution pipe and the first water collection pipe are disposed at both ends of the first liquid chamber and communicate with the first liquid chamber, the first circulation pipe is connected to the first water distribution pipe and the first water collection pipe, respectively, and the first circulation pipe, the first water distribution pipe, the first liquid chamber, and the first water collection pipe form the first circulation channel.
4. The energy saving water window of claim 3 wherein the window structure further comprises a second water distribution pipe and a second water collection pipe disposed on the frame body, the second water distribution pipe and the second water collection pipe are disposed at two ends of the second liquid chamber and are communicated with the second liquid chamber, the second circulation pipe is connected to the second water distribution pipe and the second water collection pipe, and the second circulation pipe, the second water distribution pipe, the second liquid chamber and the second water collection pipe form the second circulation channel.
5. The energy saving water flow window of claim 4, wherein the first water dividing pipe is provided with a plurality of water inlet holes arranged at intervals, and the plurality of water inlet holes are communicated with the first liquid cavity and the first water dividing pipe;
and/or the first water collecting pipe is provided with a plurality of water outlet holes which are arranged at intervals, and the plurality of water outlet holes are communicated with the first liquid cavity and the first water collecting pipe;
and/or the second water distribution pipe is provided with a plurality of liquid inlet holes which are arranged at intervals and communicated with the second liquid cavity and the second water distribution pipe;
and/or, the second collector pipe is provided with a plurality of liquid outlet holes arranged at intervals, and the plurality of liquid outlet holes are communicated with the second liquid cavity and the second collector pipe.
6. The energy efficient water window of claim 2 wherein at least one surface of the first glass layer is coated with a layer of dye or nanomaterial.
7. The energy saving water flow window of any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein phase change capsule microparticles are provided in the first liquid chamber;
and/or the gas cavity is a sealed air interlayer or a vacuum cavity.
8. The energy saving water window of any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the circulation assembly further comprises a first water pump and a second water pump, the first water pump is disposed on the first circulation pipe, and the second water pump is disposed on the second circulation pipe.
9. The energy saving water flow window of claim 8 wherein the circulation assembly further comprises a heat holding water tank, wherein a heat exchange tube is disposed in the heat holding water tank, and the heat exchange tube is communicated with the first circulation tube.
10. The energy-saving water window of claim 8, wherein the circulation assembly further comprises a cold source connected to the second circulation pipe, and the cold source is a high temperature refrigeration unit, a ground heat exchanger, a ground source heat pump unit, a water source heat pump unit or a cooling tower.
CN202021410348.5U 2020-07-16 2020-07-16 Energy-saving water flow window Expired - Fee Related CN212673417U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113776140A (en) * 2021-08-11 2021-12-10 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Water-cooling type air conditioner
CN114607242A (en) * 2022-01-24 2022-06-10 北京科技大学 Liquid flow window with built-in distribution pipe

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113776140A (en) * 2021-08-11 2021-12-10 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Water-cooling type air conditioner
CN114607242A (en) * 2022-01-24 2022-06-10 北京科技大学 Liquid flow window with built-in distribution pipe

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