CN100427844C - Hot-water supply and radiating heating combination apparatus with solar, peak-to-valley electric heat accumulation - Google Patents

Hot-water supply and radiating heating combination apparatus with solar, peak-to-valley electric heat accumulation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100427844C
CN100427844C CNB2003101083272A CN200310108327A CN100427844C CN 100427844 C CN100427844 C CN 100427844C CN B2003101083272 A CNB2003101083272 A CN B2003101083272A CN 200310108327 A CN200310108327 A CN 200310108327A CN 100427844 C CN100427844 C CN 100427844C
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heat
accumulation
valley electricity
peak valley
water supply
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CNB2003101083272A
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CN1611865A (en
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潘戈
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潘戈
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/14Thermal energy storage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The present invention relates to a hot-water supply and radiation heating composite device using solar energy and peak/ valley electric heat accumulation, which is characterized in that the present invention comprises a solar heat collector, a water storage tank of a heat exchange type water heater, a metallic solid type electric water heating tank of peak/valley electricity heat accumulation and a radiation heating device. With the combination of the solar heat collector, the water storage tank of the heat exchange type water heater, and metallic solid type electric water heating tank of peak/valley electricity heat accumulation, the present invention complementarily uses two energy sources and realizes the operation of solar energy hot-water supply and house heating in the same system so as to economize the cost of the device, fully utilize the renewable energy resources and low-price peak/valley electricity energy sources, reduce building energy consumption, decrease the use cost of hot-water supply and radiation heating, lower environmental pollution and improve housing conditions.

Description

The hot water supply and the radiant heating set composite of a kind of solar energy, the accumulation of heat of peak valley electricity
Technical field
The present invention relates to the hot water supply and the radiant heating set composite of a kind of solar energy, the accumulation of heat of peak valley electricity, belong to technical field of solar utilization technique.
Background technology
Building energy consumption mainly comprises heating, air-conditioning, hot water supply, ventilation, illumination and household electrical appliances etc., is main for warm air conditioning energy consumption wherein, is the hot water supply secondly.Solar energy is regenerative resource, the solar water heater has pollution-free, energy-conservation, environmental protection, distinguishing features such as safety, existing solar energy utilization is based on the low temperature heat utilization, people have utilized solar energy to produce hot water respectively for life, bathing, use such as kitchen operation and laundry, along with the solar energy utilization is more and more deep, just gradually towards the application development that comprises occasions such as residence heating and air-conditioning, therefore, in the configuration of building heating air-conditioning and hot-water heating system and the selection, adopt the solar hot water system that great advantage is arranged undoubtedly, but also exist deficiency among the existing solar hot water system: the one, need the adapted combustion gas, fuel oil or electrical heating are as thermal source heated side by side, bad adaptability for multiple climate zone, but the choice was little between operational mode changed under the different operating loading condiction, and use cost is higher; The 2nd, with the combining of solar hot water system in the accumulation of heat of peak valley electricity also be not widely used, have the potentiality that further reduce use cost; The 3rd, domestic hot-water supply and this system double-duty of residence heating are not combined and consider as a whole, cost is reduced again; The 4th, can't form the family system that combines with tier building, applicable surface is little, and therefore, existing technology is in the development that awaits aspect the solar thermal utilization building energy conservation.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is at prior art above-mentioned not enough propose a kind ofly the supply of dwelling house family life hot water can be combined with the heating purposes, solar energy heating and peak valley electricity thermal storage and energy accumulation can be combined complementary that utilize, can with comprise that family that tier building combines is with supply of formula hot water and heating set composite, cheap and more make full use of the energy to reach use cost, between operational mode changes the choice greatly, wide adaptability.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of solar energy, the hot water supply and the radiant heating set composite of the accumulation of heat of peak valley electricity, it is characterized in that comprising solar thermal collector, the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank, metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank, heating circulation pump, the radiant heating device, described solar thermal collector links to each other with the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank with circulation line through the thermal-arrest circulating pump, the intake-outlet of described metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank is connected series connection or also series-parallel connection of string between the radiant heating device through accumulation of heat circuit switching control valve and circulation line with the heat exchanger mouth of pipe in the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank, and on the loop that is parallel to after the heating circulation pump series connection between metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank and heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank.
But the described solar thermal collector perpendicular three-dimension fin formula solar thermal collector of installation of putting that is facade.
Can have auxiliary electric heater unit and or gas-operated thermal bath facility in the described heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank.
Described radiant heating device can be flooring radiation heat transfer type heating installation or radiation and convection current complex heat transfer formula radiator.
Described metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank is the metal phase change formula accumulation of heat electric heat water tank of metal solid formula accumulation of heat electric heat water tank or band solid shell.
Described flooring radiation heat transfer type heating installation is buried or floor file formula heating installation.
Advantage of the present invention is by the complementation utilization that has realized two kinds of energy that combines with peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank of solar thermal collector, heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank, make solar energy hot water supply and house heating in same system, to realize, thereby saved equipment cost, reach and make full use of regenerative resource and low price peak valley electric energy, reduce the use cost of building energy consumption and hot water supply and radiant heating, reduce environmental pollution, improve housing conditions.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of solar energy of the present invention, the hot water supply of peak valley electricity accumulation of heat and structure and the system schematic of radiant heating set composite embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the perpendicular three-dimension fin formula solar thermal collector tube sheet of installation or the structural representation of tube core put that the embodiment of the invention adopts.
The specific embodiment
By shown in Figure 1, the hot water supply of solar energy of the present invention, the accumulation of heat of peak valley electricity and radiant heating set composite are made up of solar thermal collector 1, thermal-arrest circulating pump and circulation line 2, heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3, metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank 4, accumulation of heat circuit switching control valve and the auxiliary heating circuit 6 of circulation line 5, gas heater or gas furnace, heating circulation pump 7, radiant heating device 8 etc.
Solar thermal collector 1 comprises flat or electron tubes type, can be finned three-dimensional heat collector or two-dimentional heat collector, can be that perpendicular putting installed as put installation by erecting on the guardrail pole face of metope under elevation of building such as the window or balcony, or tilting installation is as passing through in roofing flat-top or the slope tilting installation in top, by shown in Figure 2, the feature of the finned three-dimensional heat collector of standing installation is: its outer outstanding fin and incident sunlight are near normal, and by its parallel surface A, three folder faces that B and base plate face C constitute are formed direct light, the repeatedly reflection-absorption battle array of reverberation and scattered light, the emittance that blocking reflected spills, make heat collection body be approximately 1, in bigger system, can adopt solar thermal collector is formed the connection that the heat collector matrix is arranged after series connection or connection in series-parallel in perpendicular emittance absorptivity of putting when installing; Have heat exchanger in the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3, can be made into the bearing water tank of enclosed, the non-bearing water tank of perhaps making open type adds the press pump supercharging; Heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3 comprises control module and can have auxiliary electric heater unit and gas-operated thermal bath facility or gas-operated thermal bath facility, be used for overcast and rainy auxiliary heating or add thermal regenerator night, have the heat exchanger of styles such as helix tube type or fin-tube type in its storage tank; Metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank 4 is metal solid formula (sensible heat thermal storage and energy accumulation) electric heat water tank (being commonly called as electric boiler) or metal phase change formula thermal storage and energy accumulation formula (metal phase change thermal storage and energy accumulation) electric heat water tank of band solid shell.Different being on metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank and the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank thermal storage effect: the former is the carrier thermal storage and energy accumulation with the metal solid, and the unit volume energy storage density is bigger; The latter is the carrier thermal storage and energy accumulation with water, and the unit volume energy storage density is less relatively; Can have compensator or overflow tank on accumulation of heat circuit switching control valve and the circulation line 5 to regulate the heat hydraulic pressure and to comprise switching control pilot K1, K2 etc.; Have switching control pilot K3 etc. in the auxiliary heating circuit 6 of gas heater or gas furnace; Have room thermostat or thermostatic valve and back-water valve (BWV) etc. in the radiant heating device 8, have the water temperature adjustment control in addition and hydraulic equilibrium preset valve is used to carry out temperature balance and hydraulic equilibrium; In addition, radiant heating device 8 can be a flooring radiation heat transfer type heating installation, or radiation and convection current complex heat transfer formula convector, the former comprises buried and the flooring radiation heating installation floor file formula, the latter comprises the panel radiator and straight finned tube fin radiator with vertical convection current fin.
As shown in Figure 1: solar thermal collector 1 is connected through two recirculated water turnover mouths of pipe of the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3 that thermal-arrest circulating pump and circulation line 2 and split are provided with, perhaps be connected with the mouth of pipe that in heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3, is provided with heat exchangers such as the helix tube type of two independent heat exchanging pipes or plate-fins, and change the water in the thermal-arrest closed circuit anti frozen liquids such as into ethylene glycol and circulate, form the thermal-arrest closed circuit of domestic water thus.Heat exchanger port in the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3 links to each other with two ports of metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank respectively with circulation line 5 through accumulation of heat circuit switching control valve, form an accumulation of heat loop, in fill the heating cycling use of water of handling through deionization etc.; Can and connect gas heater or the auxiliary heating circuit 6 of gas furnace in the closed circuit that metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank 4 and heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3 constitute, replenish as solar energy and peak valley electricity heat-retaining capacity heating supplementary energy in addition; Series connection of 8 in radiant heating device or string and series-parallel connection and with on the accumulation of heat loop that is parallel to metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank 4 and 3 of heat-exchanging type water heater storage tanks after heating circulation pump 7 series connection, the hot water supply that forms solar energy of the present invention, the electric accumulation of heat of peak valley thus is connected with the entire system of radiant heating set composite.
Hot water supply running: solar thermal collector 1 perpendicular putting or tilting installation, solar light irradiation is on solar thermal collector, the water that heating is entered by cold water inlet in the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3, heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3 comprises control module, carry out loop control by cyclic heating method and form hot water, the hot water delivery pipe in heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3 exports the domestic hot-water supply use again.
Accumulation of heat heating operation process: except living with the hot water part, solar thermal collector infeeds the hot water accumulation of heat through thermal-arrest circulating pump and circulation line 2 to heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 31 daytime, and heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3 and metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank 4 can carry out the electrical heating accumulation of heat in the peak valley electricity period at night respectively; Control module control in the accumulation of heat heating operation process in heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3, discharge the wherein hot water heat of solar thermal collector gained earlier, infeed 8 uses of radiant heating device through accumulation of heat circuit switching control valve and circulation line 5, heating circulation pump 7 and connecting pipe, K1 connection this moment, K2 close; The back discharges the wherein heat of metal accumulation of heat by metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank 4, and K2 connection this moment, K1 close; Then can be as required according to setting, the gas-operated thermal bath facility of selecting to connect with lighting in the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank 3 carries out supplementary heating to circulation water for heating, and connect K1 once more, close KZ this moment; Perhaps select connection to light bigger gas heater of heating power or the auxiliary heating circuit 6 of gas furnace, connect K3 wherein this moment, close K1 and K2 simultaneously, assist heating circuit 6 through accumulation of heat circuit switching control valve and circulation line 5 output circulation heating hot water by gas heater or gas furnace, infeed the 8 heating uses of radiant heating device through heating circulation pump 7 and connecting pipe.

Claims (6)

1. solar energy, the hot water supply and the radiant heating set composite of the accumulation of heat of peak valley electricity, it is characterized in that, comprise solar thermal collector, the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank, metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank, heating circulation pump, the radiant heating device, described solar thermal collector links to each other with the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank with circulation line through the thermal-arrest circulating pump, the intake-outlet of described metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank is connected series connection or also series-parallel connection of string between the radiant heating device through accumulation of heat circuit switching control valve and circulation line with the heat exchanger mouth of pipe in the heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank, and on the loop that is parallel to after the heating circulation pump series connection between metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank and heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank.
2. the hot water supply and the radiant heating set composite of a kind of solar energy according to claim 1, the accumulation of heat of peak valley electricity is characterized in that, described solar thermal collector is the perpendicular three-dimension fin formula solar thermal collector of installation of putting of facade.
3. the hot water supply and the radiant heating set composite of a kind of solar energy according to claim 1, the accumulation of heat of peak valley electricity is characterized in that, are to have auxiliary electric heater unit or gas-operated thermal bath facility in the described heat-exchanging type water heater storage tank.
4. the hot water supply and the radiant heating set composite of a kind of solar energy according to claim 1, the accumulation of heat of peak valley electricity is characterized in that described radiant heating device is flooring radiation heat transfer type heating installation or radiation and convection current complex heat transfer formula radiator.
5. the hot water supply and the radiant heating set composite of a kind of solar energy according to claim 1, the accumulation of heat of peak valley electricity, it is characterized in that described metal solid formula peak valley electricity accumulation of heat electric heat water tank is the metal phase change formula accumulation of heat electric heat water tank of metal solid formula accumulation of heat electric heat water tank or band solid shell.
6. the hot water supply and the radiant heating set composite of a kind of solar energy according to claim 4, the accumulation of heat of peak valley electricity is characterized in that described flooring radiation heat transfer type heating installation is buried or floor file formula heating installation.
CNB2003101083272A 2003-10-31 2003-10-31 Hot-water supply and radiating heating combination apparatus with solar, peak-to-valley electric heat accumulation Expired - Fee Related CN100427844C (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104279756A (en) * 2014-05-22 2015-01-14 深圳市爱能森设备技术有限公司 Energy storage type clean energy source hot water boiler adopting heat conducting oil for transferring heat and method for preparing hot water by boiler

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WO2007000112A1 (en) * 2005-06-28 2007-01-04 Engineering Technology Pty. Ltd. Method for producing hot water utilizing combined heat resources of solar energy and heat pump in the manner of heating water at multiple stages and accumulating energy and a device especially for carrying out the method
CN103115389A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-05-22 重庆大学 Solar energy combined type phase-change heat storage heating system
CN106152234A (en) * 2015-03-30 2016-11-23 银川艾尼工业科技开发有限公司 A kind of solar-electricity heating system
CN107289494A (en) * 2016-04-13 2017-10-24 华电电力科学研究院 Central heating system based on distributed heating heat-storage technology
CN109595668A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-09 大连民族大学 The concurrent heating of solar energy and lithium bromide heat pump and heating installation
CN109595669A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-09 大连民族大学 Solar energy waste-heat recovery device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4403602A (en) * 1982-03-08 1983-09-13 Warden Jerry T Control valve unit for solar energy system
JPS62266358A (en) * 1986-05-14 1987-11-19 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Solar heat collecting device
DE4333829A1 (en) * 1993-09-30 1995-04-06 Auf Adlershofer Umweltschutzte Method and system for storing thermal energy (heat energy)
CN1161081A (en) * 1994-09-21 1997-10-01 有限会社白井商事 Solar thermal storage apparatus and hot water supply system including same
CN1321866A (en) * 2001-04-30 2001-11-14 大连冰山集团有限公司 Solar, air, electric heating combined heat-pump system for heating, air-conditioning and heating water
CN2532399Y (en) * 2002-03-01 2003-01-22 袁宏建 Solar and electric energy combined heat-collection and supply equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104279756A (en) * 2014-05-22 2015-01-14 深圳市爱能森设备技术有限公司 Energy storage type clean energy source hot water boiler adopting heat conducting oil for transferring heat and method for preparing hot water by boiler

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