CN212476212U - Multi-cell electrolysis recovery equipment - Google Patents

Multi-cell electrolysis recovery equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212476212U
CN212476212U CN202020346525.1U CN202020346525U CN212476212U CN 212476212 U CN212476212 U CN 212476212U CN 202020346525 U CN202020346525 U CN 202020346525U CN 212476212 U CN212476212 U CN 212476212U
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electrolytic
electrolyte
cell
liquid delivery
electrolysis
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CN202020346525.1U
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Chinese (zh)
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徐聪奇
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multislot electrolysis recovery plant, the mode of intaking is adopted and is advanced out overflow to the hold up tank down, contain the electrolysis trough body, the electrolyte hold up tank, the pump that draws water, send the liquid pipeline, recovery pipeline and air exhaust equipment, be used for realizing the electrolysis recovery function, mainly utilize a plurality of electrolysis troughs to provide and electroplate, the electrolysis recovery function, but also every electrolysis trough alone function or selectivity function, consequently, overall efficiency is high, the electrolysis speed is fast, and take up an area of the space less, especially the fault rate is lower, change cloudy, the anode plate is easy and easy maintenance, and need not use special board hoist of getting.

Description

Multi-cell electrolysis recovery equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a multislot electrolysis recovery plant, the mode of intaking is adopted and is gone up out overflow to the hold up tank down, especially utilizes a plurality of electrolysis trough to provide and electroplates, electrolysis recovery function, and every electrolysis trough can function alone or the selectivity function moreover, therefore, overall efficiency is high, and electrolysis speed is fast, and takes up an area of the space less, and especially the fault rate is lower, changes cloudy, the anode plate is easy and easy maintenance, and does not need to use special board spare hoist of getting.
Background
In many manufacturing industries, waste liquid containing various metal ions, such as heavy metal waste liquid generated by electroplating, is generated in the manufacturing process, and due to the increasing environmental awareness, the discharge standard of waste water is also increasing, so that the waste liquid must be specially treated to reduce the content of heavy metal. In addition, such heavy metals are quite expensive and still have considerable economic value and can be recovered for reuse.
As is well known, conventional recovery means include plating separation, sludge adsorption, and the like. The electroplating or electrolytic bath used for the common electroplating separation is a single bath body, and a plurality of negative and positive plates or electroplating barrels are arranged in the bath body, which belongs to a plate-frame type electrolytic device.
However, the prior art has the disadvantages that a special plate taking part lifting appliance is required to be used, the operation is complicated, the whole circuit connection is in a parallel connection mode because of only a single groove body, and the current value is quite large, and the recovery efficiency is low. Therefore, an innovative multi-cell electrorecovery apparatus is highly needed to solve all the problems of the prior art described above.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The main object of the utility model is to provide a multislot electrolysis recovery plant, the mode of intaking is adopted down and is gone up out overflow to the hold up tank, contains electrolysis trough body, electrolyte hold up tank, the pump of drawing water, send liquid pipeline, recovery pipeline and air exhaust equipment for realize the electrolysis and retrieve the function.
The electrolytic bath body comprises a plurality of electrolytic baths which are arranged in sequence, each electrolytic bath is provided with an electrolytic space and comprises an injection port and at least one overflow discharge port, wherein the electrolytic space is provided with two cathode plates and an anode plate. The electrolyte storage tank is positioned below or beside the electrolytic tank body, is used for containing electrolyte and comprises an electrolyte delivery port and an electrolyte recovery port. The inlet is near the lower part of the electrolytic bath, and the overflow outlet is near the upper part of the electrolytic bath. The water pump is connected with the electrolyte delivery port.
The liquid delivery pipeline comprises a main liquid delivery pipe and a plurality of branch liquid delivery pipes, wherein the branch liquid delivery pipes are connected to the main liquid delivery pipe, and the main liquid delivery pipe is further connected to a water pump. In particular, each of the branch liquid sending tubes is connected to an injection port of the corresponding electrolytic bath, and the main liquid sending tube and each of the branch liquid sending tubes are provided with valves for adjusting the flow rates flowing through the main liquid sending tube and each of the branch liquid sending tubes, respectively.
The recovery pipeline is an electrolyte recovery port which connects the overflow discharge port of each electrolytic cell in the electrolytic cell body to the electrolytic cell body.
In addition, the air extraction equipment is positioned above the electrolytic bath body and used for extracting the gas generated by the electrolytic bath.
The water pump pumps the electrolyte in the electrolyte storage tank through the electrolyte delivery port and delivers the electrolyte to the electrolysis space through the main liquid delivery pipe and the branch liquid delivery pipe. The electrolyte in the electrolytic cell overflows from the overflow outlet and flows back to the electrolyte storage tank in a gravity flow mode through the recovery pipeline.
The electrolytic bath body is supplied with power by an external power supply, and the two cathode plates and the anode plate of each electrolytic bath are connected with the anode plate and the two cathode plates of the adjacent electrolytic bath in series. The electrolyte contains at least one metal ion, wherein the at least one metal ion is simultaneously reduced to metal at each cathode plate by the power of the external power source and attached to each cathode plate.
Therefore, the utility model discloses a multislot electrolysis recovery plant mainly utilizes a plurality of electrolysis tanks to provide and electroplates, electrolysis recovery function, but every electrolysis tank alone function or selectivity function moreover, consequently, overall efficiency is high, and electrolysis speed is fast, and takes up an area of the space less, and especially the fault rate is lower, easy maintenance, and need not use special board hoist of getting.
Drawings
FIG. 1 shows a schematic view of a multi-cell electrolytic recovery apparatus according to the present invention.
FIGS. 2 and 3 show the flow of the electrolyte in the multi-cell electrolytic recovery apparatus according to the present invention.
Description of the reference numerals
10 electrolytic bath body
11 electrolytic cell
12 electrolytic space
13 injection port
14 overflow discharge outlet
15 negative plate
16 anode plate
20 electrolyte storage tank
21 electrolyte transfer port
22 electrolyte recovery port
30 water pump
40 liquid delivery pipeline
41 Primary liquid delivery tube
42 branch liquid delivery pipe
43 valve
50 recovery pipeline
60 air extraction device
D direction of flow
G gas
P external power supply
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the drawings and the accompanying reference symbols so that those skilled in the art can implement the embodiments after reading the description.
Referring to fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 3, schematic diagrams of a multi-cell electrolysis recycling apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention are shown, in which fig. 1 mainly shows the schematic diagrams of the multi-cell electrolysis recycling apparatus of the present invention, and fig. 2 and fig. 3 only show a schematic diagram of the flow of the electrolyte in the multi-cell electrolysis recycling apparatus of the present invention, such as the flow direction D in the drawings. As shown in fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 3, the multi-tank electrolysis recycling apparatus of the present invention comprises an electrolysis tank body 10, an electrolyte storage tank 20, a water pump 30, a liquid delivery pipeline 40, a recycling pipeline 50 and an air pumping device 60 for achieving the electrolysis recycling function. It is to be noted, however, that figures 2 and 3 do not show the detailed features of the cell body 10.
Specifically, the electrolytic cell body 10 comprises a plurality of electrolytic cells 11 arranged in sequence, each electrolytic cell 11 has an electrolytic space 12 and comprises an injection port 13 and at least one overflow discharge port 14, wherein the electrolytic space 12 is provided with two cathode plates 15 and an anode plate 16. It is noted that fig. 2 and 3 do not show the cathode plate 15 and the anode plate 16, and the anode plate 16 in fig. 1 is located in the middle region of the electrolysis space 12, and the two cathode plates 15 are disposed on both sides of the anode plate 16, but this is only an exemplary example to facilitate the description of the features of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. In addition, the above-mentioned sequential arrangement means that the electrolytic cells 11 can be arranged from left to right or from right to left, or longitudinally from front to back or from back to front, and it should be noted that the back to front arrangement is taken as an exemplary example in the drawing.
For example, the cathode plate 15 may be constructed of a first conductive metal and the anode plate 16 may be constructed of a second conductive metal, wherein the first conductive metal may comprise stainless steel or platinum and the second conductive metal may comprise stainless steel or platinum or carbon rods.
The electrolyte storage tank 20 is located below or beside the electrolytic tank body 10 for accommodating the electrolyte, and includes an electrolyte delivery port 21 and an electrolyte recovery port 22. The electrolyte may contain at least one metal ion, such as copper ions, or the electrolyte may contain copper sulfate. A water pump 30 is connected to the electrolyte delivery port 21.
Furthermore, the liquid delivery pipe 40 is shown in fig. 2 and includes a main liquid delivery pipe 41 and a plurality of branch liquid delivery pipes 42, wherein the branch liquid delivery pipes 42 are connected to the main liquid delivery pipe 41, and the main liquid delivery pipe 41 is further connected to the water pump 30. Each of the branch liquid sending tubes 41 is connected to the inlet 13 of the corresponding electrolytic bath 11, and the main liquid sending tube 41 and each of the branch liquid sending tubes 42 are provided with valves 43 for adjusting the flow rates of the liquid flowing through the main liquid sending tube 41 and each of the branch liquid sending tubes 42, respectively.
Further, the recovery piping 50 is an electrolytic solution recovery port 22 configured to connect the overflow drain port 14 of each electrolytic cell 11 in the electrolytic cell body 10 to the electrolytic cell body 20. Preferably, the recycling pipeline 50 may be similar to the arrangement of the liquid delivering pipeline 40, and includes a main recycling pipe and a plurality of branch recycling pipes (not shown), wherein the branch recycling pipes are connected to the main recycling pipe, the main recycling pipe is connected to the electrolyte recycling port 22, and each branch recycling pipe is connected to the overflow discharge port 14 of the corresponding electrolytic cell 11.
In addition, an air-extracting device 60 is disposed above the electrolytic cell body 20 for extracting the gas G generated by the electrolytic cell 11, such as hydrogen and oxygen.
Further, the inlet 13 is near the lower part of the electrolytic tank 11, and the overflow outlet 14 is near the upper part of the electrolytic tank 11, and particularly, the water pump 30 draws the electrolyte in the electrolyte storage tank 20 through the electrolyte delivery port 21 and delivers it to the electrolytic space 12 through the main liquid delivery pipe 41 and the branch liquid delivery pipe 42, and the electrolyte in the electrolytic tank 11 overflows from the overflow outlet 14 and flows back to the electrolyte storage tank 20 through the recovery pipe 50 in a gravity flow manner.
Furthermore, the electrolytic cell body 10 is supplied with power from the external power source P, wherein the two cathode plates 15 and the anode plates 16 of each electrolytic cell 11 are connected in series with the anode plates 16 and the two cathode plates 15 of the adjacent electrolytic cells 11, and taking fig. 1 as an example, a certain cathode plate 15 in the lowermost electrolytic cell 11 in the figure is connected to another cathode plate 15 of the same electrolytic cell 11 and is connected to the negative electrode of the external power source P, and the anode plate 16 of the lowermost electrolytic cell 11 is connected to a certain cathode plate 15 of the adjacent electrolytic cell 11, and so on, and the anode plate 16 of the uppermost electrolytic cell 11 in the figure is connected to the positive electrode of the external power source P, so that the adjacent electrolytic cells 11 are electrically connected in series across the negative electrode and the positive electrode of the external power source P.
In particular, the at least one metal ion may be simultaneously reduced to a corresponding metal in each cathode plate 15 by the power of the external power source P and attached to each electrode plate 15, thereby achieving the purpose of recovering and reusing the metal ion in the electrolyte.
In practical applications, the electrolyte containing metal ions may be poured into the electrolyte storage tank 20, and the electrolyte is continuously delivered to each electrolytic cell 11 through the water pump 30, and when the electrolyte overflows after filling the electrolytic cells 11, the overflowing electrolyte flows back to the electrolyte storage tank 20 by gravity, and at this time, the external power source P may be started to supply power to each electrolytic cell 11 in a series connection manner, so that the metal ions of the electrolyte are electrically reduced into metal and attached to the cathode plate 15. It is obvious that the metal ions in the electrolyte will gradually decrease, and the operator can set the power supply time of the external power source P until the metal ions in the electrolyte drop to the desired level, and finally the electrolyte can be further processed to reach the discharge standard or be converted into sludge.
To sum up, the utility model is characterized in that a plurality of electrolytic tanks are used for providing the functions of electroplating and electrolytic recovery, which is particularly different from the traditional mode of placing a plurality of electroplating barrels in the electroplating and electrolytic tanks with a single tank body, and is also superior to the current barrel swirling flow type electrolytic equipment, wherein each electrolytic tank can be operated independently or selectively operated. Therefore, the overall efficiency is far higher than that of the traditional barrel plating and barrel swirling flow mode, the electrolytic device has the advantages of higher electrolytic rate and smaller occupied space, in addition, the failure rate is lower, the cathode plate and the anode plate are easy to replace, the maintenance is convenient, and a special plate taking lifting appliance is not needed.
The foregoing is illustrative of the preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the invention in any way, and therefore any modifications or variations of the invention, which are within the spirit of the invention, are intended to be included within the scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. A multi-cell electrolytic recovery apparatus, comprising:
the electrolytic bath body comprises a plurality of electrolytic baths which are arranged in sequence, each electrolytic bath is provided with an electrolytic space and comprises an injection port and at least one overflow discharge port, and the electrolytic space is provided with two cathode plates and an anode plate;
the electrolyte storage tank is positioned below or beside the electrolytic tank body, is used for containing electrolyte and comprises an electrolyte delivery port and an electrolyte recovery port;
a water pump connected to the electrolyte delivery port;
a liquid delivery pipeline, including a main liquid delivery pipe and a plurality of branch liquid delivery pipes, wherein the branch liquid delivery pipes are connected to the main liquid delivery pipe, the main liquid delivery pipe is connected to the water pump, each branch liquid delivery pipe is connected to an injection port corresponding to the electrolytic tank, the main liquid delivery pipe and each branch liquid delivery pipe are provided with a valve for respectively adjusting a flow rate flowing through the main liquid delivery pipe and each branch liquid delivery pipe;
a recovery pipeline for connecting the overflow outlet of each electrolytic cell in the electrolytic cell body to the electrolyte recovery port of the electrolytic cell body; and
an air extraction device which is positioned above the electrolytic bath body and is used for extracting the gas produced by the electrolytic bath,
wherein the injection port is close to a lower part of the electrolytic bath, the overflow discharge port is close to an upper part of the electrolytic bath, the water pump pumps the electrolyte in the electrolyte storage tank through the electrolyte delivery port and delivers the electrolyte to the electrolysis space through the main liquid delivery pipe and the branch liquid delivery pipe, the electrolyte in the electrolytic tank overflows from the overflow outlet and then flows back to the electrolyte storage tank in a gravity flow mode through the recovery pipeline, the electrolytic bath body is powered by an external power supply, the two cathode plates and the anode plate of each electrolytic bath are connected with the anode plate and the two cathode plates of the adjacent electrolytic bath in a series connection way, the electrolyte contains at least one metal ion which is reduced to a metal at each of the cathode plates by the power of the external power source and attached to each of the cathode plates.
2. The multi-cell electrolytic recovery apparatus of claim 1, wherein the cathode plate is comprised of a first conductive metal, the anode plate is comprised of a second conductive metal, the first conductive metal comprises stainless steel or platinum, and the second conductive metal comprises stainless steel or platinum or carbon rods.
3. The multi-cell electrolytic recovery apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the at least one metal ion comprises a copper ion.
4. The multi-cell electrolytic recovery apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the electrolyte solution comprises copper sulfate.
5. The multi-cell electrorecovery apparatus of claim 1, wherein said gases produced by said electrolysis cell comprise hydrogen and oxygen.
6. The multi-cell electrorecovery apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a lid configured to cover an upper portion of the electrolyzer body, and wherein the pumping apparatus is located below the lid.
7. The multi-cell electrorecovery apparatus of claim 1, wherein said at least one overflow drain comprises two drains located on opposite sides of said cell.
8. The recycling apparatus for multi-cell electrolysis according to claim 1, wherein the recycling pipeline comprises a main recycling pipe and a plurality of branch recycling pipes, the branch recycling pipes are connected to the main recycling pipe, the main recycling pipe is connected to the electrolyte recycling port, and each branch recycling pipe is connected to the overflow discharge port corresponding to the electrolysis cell.
CN202020346525.1U 2020-03-18 2020-03-18 Multi-cell electrolysis recovery equipment Expired - Fee Related CN212476212U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020346525.1U CN212476212U (en) 2020-03-18 2020-03-18 Multi-cell electrolysis recovery equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020346525.1U CN212476212U (en) 2020-03-18 2020-03-18 Multi-cell electrolysis recovery equipment

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CN212476212U true CN212476212U (en) 2021-02-05

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114182300A (en) * 2021-12-24 2022-03-15 福建省福联集成电路有限公司 Equipment for recovering gold by chemical electrolysis and using method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114182300A (en) * 2021-12-24 2022-03-15 福建省福联集成电路有限公司 Equipment for recovering gold by chemical electrolysis and using method thereof

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Granted publication date: 20210205