CN212375356U - Thermal spraying equipment for plane products - Google PatentsThermal spraying equipment for plane products Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN212375356U CN212375356U CN202020359921.8U CN202020359921U CN212375356U CN 212375356 U CN212375356 U CN 212375356U CN 202020359921 U CN202020359921 U CN 202020359921U CN 212375356 U CN212375356 U CN 212375356U
- Prior art keywords
- thermal spraying
- Prior art date
- 238000007751 thermal spraying Methods 0.000 title claims abstract description 99
- 238000005507 spraying Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 95
- 239000000428 dust Substances 0.000 claims description 59
- 239000007921 spray Substances 0.000 claims description 52
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- 239000000789 fastener Substances 0.000 description 1
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The utility model relates to the technical field of thermal spraying equipment, and provides a plane product thermal spraying equipment, which comprises a frame, wherein a conveying device and a plane thermal spraying device which can move a product are arranged on the frame; the plane thermal spraying device comprises a box body arranged above the conveying device and a thermal spraying mechanism used for spraying the surface of a product, and the box body is provided with an inner cavity with an opening at the bottom; the thermal spraying mechanism comprises a mounting rack, a wire feeding assembly and a thermal spraying nozzle, the wire feeding assembly and the thermal spraying nozzle are supported on the mounting rack, the thermal spraying nozzle is positioned in the inner cavity and is arranged below the wire feeding assembly, and the mounting rack is arranged on the box body in a sliding mode; the plane product thermal spraying equipment also comprises a translation driving device used for driving the mounting frame to move relative to the box body. Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a plane product hot spraying equipment has reduced manufacturing cost, has improved spraying efficiency, and degree of automation is high.
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the technique of hot spraying equipment and specifically relates to a plane product hot spraying equipment is related to.
Thermal spraying is a surface strengthening technology, and is an important component of surface engineering technology, and uses electric arc, plasma spraying or combustion flame as heat source to heat powdered or filiform metal or non-metal material to molten or semi-molten state, and then sprays it onto the surface of workpiece at high speed, so as to form a coating with one or several properties of wear resistance, corrosion resistance, oxidation resistance and heat resistance on the surface of workpiece.
At present, when products are subjected to thermal spraying, thermal spraying operation is generally carried out manually. The mode has the advantages of high labor intensity, low efficiency and high labor cost.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a plane product thermal spraying equipment to solve the hot spraying operation cost height, the inefficiency technical problem who exists among the prior art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: provided is a method comprising: a plane product thermal spraying device comprises a rack, wherein the rack is provided with an X-axis direction, a Y-axis direction and a Z-axis direction which are mutually perpendicular, and a conveying device and a plane thermal spraying device which enable a product to move along the direction parallel to the X axis are arranged on the rack; the plane thermal spraying device comprises a box body arranged above the conveying device and a thermal spraying mechanism used for spraying the surface of a product, the box body is provided with an inner cavity with an opening at the bottom, and the top of the box body is provided with a through hole which is communicated with the inner cavity and extends along the direction parallel to the Y axis; the thermal spraying mechanism comprises a mounting rack, a wire feeding assembly and a thermal spraying nozzle, the wire feeding assembly and the thermal spraying nozzle are supported on the mounting rack, the thermal spraying nozzle is positioned in the inner cavity and is arranged below the wire feeding assembly, and the mounting rack is arranged at a through hole of the box body in a sliding manner; the plane product thermal spraying equipment also comprises a translation driving device which is used for driving the mounting frame to move relative to the box body in the direction parallel to the Y axis.
Furthermore, the mounting rack comprises an upper spraying support and a lower spraying support connected with the upper spraying support, and the thermal spraying nozzle is fixedly connected with the lower spraying support; the top of box is provided with the slide rail that extends along being on a parallel with Y axle direction, goes up the spraying support and passes through the slider setting on the slide rail.
Furthermore, the translation driving device comprises a bracket driving device, the bracket driving device comprises a main synchronizing wheel, a secondary synchronizing wheel, a synchronous belt wound between the main synchronizing wheel and the secondary synchronizing wheel, a clamping plate clamped on the synchronous belt and a motor driving assembly for enabling the main synchronizing wheel to rotate, the main synchronizing wheel, the secondary synchronizing wheel and the motor driving assembly are supported on the box body, and the clamping plate is fixedly connected with the upper spraying bracket;
or the translation driving device comprises a multi-axis robot arranged on the periphery of the box body, the multi-axis robot is provided with a connecting arm, and a connector in butt joint with the connecting arm is arranged on the upper spraying support.
Further, the wire feeding assembly comprises a wire disc, a roller seat, a wire feeding roller which is rotatably arranged on the roller seat and a roller driving piece which enables the wire feeding roller to rotate, the wire disc is arranged on the upper spraying bracket, and the roller seat is supported on the lower spraying bracket.
Furthermore, the upper spraying support comprises a spraying sliding plate, a supporting table, a guide rod and a hollow surrounding frame, wherein the supporting table, the guide rod and the hollow surrounding frame are arranged on the spraying sliding plate in sequence along the wire feeding direction; the wire feeding assembly also comprises a wire feeding guide pipe, the wire feeding guide pipe is connected with a wire feeding angle control block, and the wire feeding angle control block is rotatably arranged on the guide rod; the spraying slide plate is provided with a wire feeding inlet corresponding to the surrounding frame, and welding wires of the wire disc are sent to the thermal spraying nozzle through the wire feeding inlet, the inside of the surrounding frame and the wire feeding roller in sequence through the wire feeding guide pipe.
Furthermore, the lower spraying support comprises a lifting plate, a lifting guide rod and a connecting plate, wherein one end of the lifting guide rod is connected with the lifting plate, and the other end of the lifting guide rod is connected with the connecting plate; the hot spraying nozzle is arranged on the lifting plate, and the upper spraying bracket is provided with a guide hole corresponding to the lifting guide rod.
Furthermore, the thermal spraying mechanism also comprises a dust hood which is arranged in the inner cavity and is positioned below the wire feeding assembly, the dust hood is provided with a spraying cavity, the thermal spraying nozzle is positioned in the spraying cavity, and the bottom of the dust hood is provided with a thermal spraying port corresponding to the thermal spraying nozzle; the dust removing cover is provided with a cover air suction hole, and the cover air suction hole, the spraying cavity and the thermal spraying port are communicated in sequence.
Further, the dust hood comprises a first hood body and a second hood body connected with the first hood body; the thermal spray nozzle has a circular cross section, and the first cover body and the second cover body are symmetrically arranged in the axial direction of the thermal spray nozzle.
Furthermore, two partition plates are arranged in the box body, the inner cavity is divided into two dust removing cavities and a working cavity between the two dust removing cavities by the two partition plates, and the thermal spraying mechanism is arranged in the working cavity.
Furthermore, an organ cover assembly is arranged between the mounting rack and the box body to close the through opening, the organ cover assembly comprises an organ cover, two cover switching pieces and two cover fixing pieces, the organ cover can stretch in the direction parallel to the Y axis, one end of the organ cover is fixedly connected with the mounting rack sequentially through one of the two cover switching pieces and one of the two cover fixing pieces, and the other end of the organ cover is fixedly connected with the box body sequentially through the other of the two cover switching pieces and the other of the two cover fixing pieces.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a plane product hot spraying equipment adopts conveyor, plane hot spraying device and translation drive arrangement, plane hot spraying device includes the box and is used for the hot spraying mechanism to product surface spraying, hot spraying mechanism includes the mounting bracket and supports send a subassembly and hot spraying nozzle on the mounting bracket, hot spraying nozzle is located the inner chamber and sets up and sending a subassembly below, the mounting bracket slides and sets up in the opening that link up of box, translation drive arrangement is used for driving the mounting bracket and removes in being on a parallel with the Y axle direction relative to the box.
The utility model provides a plane product hot spraying equipment's beneficial effect lies in: compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses a plane product thermal spraying equipment can realize the automatic hot spraying to the product surface, reduction in production cost widely, has improved spraying efficiency, and degree of automation is high.
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a flat product thermal spray apparatus provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a first perspective view of a planar thermal spray apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a second schematic perspective view of a planar thermal spray apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along the plane A-A in FIG. 2;
fig. 5 is an exploded schematic view of a planar thermal spray apparatus provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a multi-axis robot and a planar thermal spray device hiding a bellows cover assembly in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a first perspective view of a thermal spray mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is an exploded view of a thermal spray mechanism provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a second perspective view of a thermal spray mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Description of the main elements
1000-flat product thermal spray equipment; 10-products; 100-a frame; 200-a conveying device; 210-a conveyor belt; 220-a transport drive assembly; 300-planar thermal spray devices; 310-a box body; 311-lumen; 312-through hole; 313-box ventilation holes; 314-a separation plate; 315-a working chamber; 316-a dust removal chamber; 317-a via hole; 320-a thermal spray mechanism; 321-a mounting rack; 3211-spraying a support; 3213-spraying sliding plate; 3214-supporting table; 3215-a guide rod; 3216-enclosing frame; 3213 a-a wire feed inlet; 3212-spraying the support below; 3217-a lifter plate; 3218-lifting guide rod; 3219-connecting plate; 322-a wire feed assembly; 3221-silk disc; 3222-roller seat; 3223-a wire feed roller; 3224-a roller drive; 3225-wire feeding angle control block; 323-thermal spray nozzle; 324-a dust hood; 3241-spray chamber; 3242-thermal spray nozzle; 3243-hood ventilation holes; 3244-hood head; 3245 covering the feet; 3246-cover body part; 324 a-a first enclosure; 324 b-a second enclosure; 330-organ cover assembly; 331-organ cover; 332-a patch cover; 333-cover fixing piece; 341-sliding rail; 342-a slider; 343-a connector; 400-a translation drive; 410-a carriage drive; 411-the main synchronizing wheel; 412-slave synchronizing wheel; 413-synchronous belt; 414-a clamping plate; 415-a motor drive assembly; 420-a multi-axis robot; 421-connecting arm; 422-connecting part.
In order to make the technical problem, technical solution and advantageous effects to be solved by the present invention more clearly understood, the following description is given in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments to illustrate the present invention in further detail. It is to be understood that the embodiments described are some, but not all embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive work based on the described embodiments of the present invention, belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the technical solution of the present invention, the following detailed description is provided for the implementation of the present invention with reference to the specific drawings.
For convenience of description, the terms "upper" and "lower" are used in the same direction as the upper and lower directions of the drawings, but do not limit the structure of the present invention.
Unless defined otherwise, technical or scientific terms used herein shall have the ordinary meaning as understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The use of "first," "second," and similar terms in the description and in the claims does not indicate any order, quantity, or importance, but rather is used to distinguish one element from another. Also, the use of the terms "a" or "an" and the like do not denote a limitation of quantity, but rather denote the presence of at least one.
As shown in fig. 1 to 9, the thermal spraying apparatus 1000 for a flat product according to the present embodiment includes a frame 100, the frame 100 having an X-axis direction, a Y-axis direction, and a Z-axis direction perpendicular to each other, wherein the frame 100 is provided with a conveying device 200 and a flat thermal spraying device 300 for moving the product 10 in a direction parallel to the X-axis; the plane thermal spraying device 300 comprises a box body 310 arranged above the conveying device 200 and a thermal spraying mechanism 320 used for spraying the surface of the product 10, wherein the box body 310 is provided with an inner cavity 311 with an opening at the bottom, and the top of the box body 310 is provided with a through hole 312 which is communicated with the inner cavity 311 and extends along the direction parallel to the Y axis; the thermal spraying mechanism 320 comprises a mounting frame 321, a wire feeding assembly 322 and a thermal spraying nozzle 323 which are supported on the mounting frame 321, the thermal spraying nozzle 323 is positioned in the inner cavity 311 and is arranged below the wire feeding assembly 322, and the mounting frame 321 is slidably arranged in the through opening 312 of the box body 310; the thermal spray apparatus 1000 for a flat product further includes a translation drive 400 for driving the mounting block 321 to move relative to the housing 310 in a direction parallel to the Y-axis.
The above-mentioned plane product thermal spraying equipment 1000 adopts the conveying device 200, the plane thermal spraying device 300 and the translation driving device 400, the plane thermal spraying device 300 includes the box 310 and the thermal spraying mechanism 320 for spraying the surface of the product 10, the thermal spraying mechanism 320 includes the mounting bracket 321 and the wire feeding component 322 and the thermal spraying nozzle 323 supported on the mounting bracket 321, the thermal spraying nozzle 323 is located in the inner cavity 311 and is arranged below the wire feeding component 322, the mounting bracket 321 is slidingly arranged in the through opening 312 of the box 310, the translation driving device 400 is used for driving the mounting bracket 321 to move relative to the box 310 in the direction parallel to the Y axis, thus, the automatic thermal spraying on the surface of the product 10 can be realized, the production cost is greatly reduced, the spraying efficiency is improved, and the automation degree is high.
Referring to fig. 1, the thermal spraying apparatus 1000 for a flat product according to the present embodiment includes a frame 100, a conveying device 200, and a flat thermal spraying device 300, where the conveying device 200 and the flat thermal spraying device 300 are supported on the frame 100 and supported by the frame 100, and the thermal spraying apparatus 1000 for a flat product can achieve automatic thermal spraying of the surface of the product 10 only by manual feeding and discharging, and has high spraying efficiency and low production cost.
Referring to fig. 1, the gantry 100 has an X-axis direction (illustrating the X-axis direction), a Y-axis direction (illustrating the Y-axis direction), and a Z-axis direction (illustrating the Z-axis direction) perpendicular to each other. The conveying device 200 is used for placing the products 10, in this embodiment, the conveying device 200 includes a conveying belt 210 and a conveying driving assembly 220 for rotating the conveying belt 210, the conveying driving assembly 220 is but not limited to a motor assembly, the products 10 are placed on the conveying belt 210 in a mode that the surfaces to be sprayed of the products are upward, and the products 10 are driven by the conveying driving assembly 220 to move along the direction parallel to the X axis. Specifically, the frame 100 is provided with a sensor (not shown), and when the product 10 is sent to the planar thermal spraying apparatus 300, the planar thermal spraying apparatus 300 performs a thermal spraying operation on the surface of the product 10 after the sensor senses the product, so as to perform an uninterrupted spraying operation.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the planar thermal spraying apparatus 300 of the present embodiment includes a housing 310 disposed above the conveyor 200, a thermal spraying mechanism 320 for spraying the surface of the product 10, and a translation driving apparatus 400.
Referring to fig. 2 to 6, the box body 310 of the present embodiment is substantially rectangular, and has an inner cavity 311 with an open bottom, the box body 310 is provided with a box suction hole 313 communicated with the inner cavity 311, in the present embodiment, the box body 310 is erected on the rack 100, the box body 310 can be fixedly connected to the rack 100 by any existing fixing method such as screws and welding, the box suction hole 313 is disposed on a sidewall of the box body 310, the box body 310 is connected to an external dust removing device (not shown) by a suction pipe (not shown), and the suction pipe is hermetically attached to the box suction hole 313 of the box body 310, so that the gas in the box body 310 is sucked by the dust removing device and the suction pipe, thereby reducing the dust concentration in the box body 310.
Referring to fig. 2 to 6, in the present embodiment, a partition plate 314 is disposed in the box body 310, the partition plate 314 divides the inner cavity 311 into a working cavity 315 and a dust removing cavity 316, in the present embodiment, the number of the partition plates 314 is, but is not limited to, two, the two partition plates 314 divide the inner cavity 311 into two dust removing cavities 316 and one working cavity 315 between the two dust removing cavities 316, the thermal spraying mechanism 320 is disposed in the working cavity 315, and a box exhaust hole 313 is disposed on a side wall of each dust removing cavity 316 of the box body 310. It should be noted that, in the direction parallel to the Z axis, the bottom surface of the partition plate 314 is higher than the bottom surface of the side wall of the box 310, during the thermal spraying operation, the dust removal chamber 316 is pumped by the dust removal device, the gas in the working chamber 315 is pumped into the dust removal chamber 316 from the bottom end of the partition plate 314, the dust generated by the working chamber 315 flows to the dust removal chamber 316 along with the airflow and is pumped out, and two dust removal chambers 316 are arranged in the box 310 and located on two sides of the working chamber 315, so that the dust removal effect is improved, the dust concentration can be effectively reduced, and the operation safety is improved.
Referring to fig. 2 to 6, in the case 310 of the embodiment, the top of the case is provided with a through hole 312 communicated with the inner cavity 311, an organ cover assembly 330 is disposed between the thermal spraying mechanism 320 and the case 310 to close the through hole 312, and the organ cover assembly 330 can effectively prevent dust from overflowing the case 310, and it is worth mentioning that when the dust removing device performs air suction on the case 310, a gap between the bottom end of the side wall of the case 310 and the rack 100, a gap between the case 310 and the organ cover assembly 330, and a gap between the thermal spraying mechanism 320 and the organ cover assembly 330 can all be used as an air inlet of the case 310, so that when the case 310 is subjected to dust removal air suction, gas with dust in the case 310 is drawn out of the case 310, and external gas enters the case 310 from the gap.
Referring to fig. 2 to 9, the thermal spray mechanism 320 of the present embodiment includes a mounting bracket 321, a wire feed assembly 322, a thermal spray nozzle 323, and a dust hood 324, and the wire feed assembly 322, the thermal spray nozzle 323, and the dust hood 324 are mounted on the mounting bracket 321 and supported by the mounting bracket 321.
As can be seen from fig. 3 and 5, in the present embodiment, the through hole 312 extends from one side edge of the top surface of the box body 310 to the other side edge of the top surface along a direction parallel to the Y axis, the mounting frame 321 is slidably disposed in the through hole 312 of the box body 310, the number of the organ cover assemblies 330 is, but not limited to, two, one organ cover assembly 330 is disposed between each side of the mounting frame 321 and the box body 310, each organ cover assembly 330 includes an organ cover 331 that is retractable in the direction parallel to the Y axis, two cover adapter sheets 332 and two cover fixing sheets 333, one end of the organ cover 331 is connected and fixed to the mounting frame 321 through one of the two cover adapter sheets 332 and one of the two cover fixing sheets 333, and the other end is connected and fixed to the box body 310 through the other of the two cover adapter sheets 332 and the other of the two cover fixing sheets 333.
In yet another embodiment, the mounting frame 321 is fixedly connected to the box 310, and the conveying device 200 is provided with a moving component for moving the products 10 in a direction parallel to the Y-axis.
Referring to fig. 3, 4 and 6, the translation driving device 400 of this embodiment is used to drive the mounting rack 321 to move relative to the box 310 in a direction parallel to the Y axis, where the mounting rack 321 includes an upper spraying bracket 3211 and a lower spraying bracket 3212 connected to the upper spraying bracket 3211, the upper spraying bracket 3211 is disposed on the box 310, in this embodiment, the upper spraying bracket 3211 is slidably disposed in the through opening 312 of the box 310, the top of the box 310 is provided with a sliding rail 341 extending in a direction parallel to the Y axis, the upper spraying bracket 3211 is disposed on the sliding rail 341 through a sliding block 342, the organ cover assembly 330 is connected between the upper spraying bracket 3211 and the box 310, and the translation driving device 400 is connected to the upper spraying bracket 3211. The lower spraying support 3212 is located below the upper spraying support 3211 and disposed in the working chamber 315 of the inner chamber 311, the lower spraying support 3212 is disposed on the upper spraying support 3211 in a liftable and adjustable manner, and the lower spraying support 3212 moves up and down relative to the upper spraying support 3211 in a manual manner and is maintained at a preset height by fasteners (not shown) such as nuts and bolts after moving to the preset height.
In yet another embodiment, the lower and upper spraying brackets 3211 and 3212 are fixedly coupled to each other, and the conveying device 200 is provided with a moving assembly for moving the product 10 in a direction parallel to the Z-axis.
Referring to fig. 3, 4 and 6, the translation driving device 400 of the present embodiment may be the support driving device 410, or may be a multi-axis robot 420, in the present embodiment, the translation driving device 400 includes the support driving device 410 and the multi-axis robot 420, and one of them may be selected according to actual requirements. The bracket driving device 410 comprises a main synchronizing wheel 411, a slave synchronizing wheel 412, a timing belt 413 wrapped between the main synchronizing wheel 411 and the slave synchronizing wheel 412, a clamping plate 414 clamped and fixed on the timing belt 413, and a motor driving assembly 415 for enabling the main synchronizing wheel 411 to rotate, wherein the main synchronizing wheel 411, the slave synchronizing wheel 412 and the motor driving assembly 415 are supported on the box body 310, and the clamping plate 414 is fixedly connected with the upper spraying bracket 3211. The main synchronizing wheel 411 and the slave synchronizing wheel 412 are respectively rotatably mounted on the box 310, and the main synchronizing wheel 411 is driven to rotate by a motor driving assembly 415, so that the holding plate 414 is driven to move by the timing belt 413. Translation drive arrangement 400 includes multiaxis robot 420, and multiaxis robot 420 has linking arm 421, goes up to be equipped with on the spraying support 3211 with the connector 343 of linking arm 421 butt joint, and connector 343 has the section shape of T font, and linking arm 421 has the connecting portion 422 with the connector 343 cooperation butt joint, and the connecting portion 422 of linking arm 421 is connected fixedly with all existing dismantlement modes such as connector 343 accessible block, magnetism. It will be appreciated that the use of the translational drive 400 described above allows the thermal spray mechanism 320 to be moved in a direction parallel to the Y-axis to achieve thermal spraying of the entire surface of the product 10. In particular, the multi-axis robot 420 may be connected to the upper spraying bracket 3211 and move the upper spraying bracket 3211 when the motor driving assembly 415 fails, and the multi-axis robot 420 is any existing robot in the prior art that can achieve the above-mentioned functions.
Referring to fig. 4, 6 to 9, in this embodiment, the upper spraying bracket 3211 includes a spraying sliding plate 3213, and a supporting table 3214, a guiding rod 3215, and a hollow enclosure 3216 that are disposed on the spraying sliding plate 3213 and are sequentially arranged along a wire feeding direction (from top to bottom in the drawing), the enclosure 3216 extends from a bottom surface of the spraying sliding plate 3213 to the thermal spraying nozzle 323, a wire feeding inlet 3213a corresponding to the enclosure 3216 is opened on the spraying sliding plate 3213, and the spraying sliding plate 3213 is slidably disposed on the sliding rail 341. The lower spraying bracket 3212 includes a lifting plate 3217, a lifting guide rod 3218 and a connecting plate 3219, one end of the lifting guide rod 3218 is connected to the lifting plate 3217, the other end is connected to the connecting plate 3219, and a guide hole corresponding to the lifting guide rod 3218 is formed in the upper spraying bracket 3211.
In yet another embodiment, the flat thermal spray coating device 300 is provided with a lifting cylinder which is connected to the connection plate 3219 of the lower spray coating support 3212 and drives the lower spray coating support 3212 to move up and down with respect to the upper spray coating support 3211.
With continued reference to fig. 4, 6 to 9, the wire feeding assembly 322 is configured to provide a welding wire (not shown), which may be a metal wire such as copper, aluminum, tin, etc., or a non-metal wire, and the wire feeding assembly 322 includes a wire reel 3221, a roller seat 3222, a wire feeding roller 3223 rotatably mounted on the roller seat 3222, and a roller driving member 3224 for rotating the wire feeding roller 3223, wherein the wire reel 3221 is disposed on the upper spraying bracket 3211, and the roller seat 3222 is supported on the lower spraying bracket 3212. In this embodiment, the wire feeding assembly 322 further includes a wire feeding conduit (not shown) for the welding wire to pass through and guide the welding wire to move, a wire reel 3221 is supported on the supporting platform 3214, the wire feeding conduit is connected to a wire feeding angle control block 3225, and the wire feeding angle control block 3225 is rotatably disposed on the guiding rod 3215; the welding wire of the wire disc 3221 is fed into the thermal spray nozzle 323 through the wire feeding conduit sequentially via the wire feeding inlet 3213a, the inside of the enclosure 3216 and the wire feeding roller 3223. It will be readily appreciated that by rotating wire feed angle control block 3225, the angle of the wire feed conduit may be adjusted for delivery of the welding wire.
Specifically, the wire reels 3221 are rotatably supported on the supporting table 3214, the number of the wire reels 3221 is, but not limited to, two, and the two wire reels 3221 are arranged in parallel and at intervals in the direction parallel to the Y axis; the roller seat 3222 is mounted on a lifting plate 3217 of the lower spraying bracket 3212 by any conventional fixing means such as screws, welding, etc., the roller seat 3222 is parallel to two opposite sides in the Y-axis direction, each side is respectively provided with a roller group consisting of two wire feeding rollers 3223, and the two roller groups are respectively in one-to-one correspondence with the two wire discs 3221. A wire clamping gap is formed between the two wire feeding rollers 3223 of each roller set for the welding wire to pass through, the roller driving member 3224 is, but not limited to, a servo motor, the roller driving member 3224 is fixed on the roller seat 3222 and is connected to each wire feeding roller 3223, it can be understood that the roller driving member 3224 drives the wire feeding rollers 3223 to rotate, so as to feed the welding wire from both sides of the roller seat 3222 downward to the thermal spraying nozzle 323.
As can be seen from fig. 4, 6 to 9, the thermal spray nozzle 323 is used to melt and spray the welding wire down onto the surface of the product 10, the thermal spray nozzle 323 is located in the inner cavity 311 and is disposed below the wire feeding assembly 322, the thermal spray nozzle 323 may be a plasma nozzle based on arc discharge, or may be a laser nozzle, in this embodiment, the thermal spray nozzle 323 is, but not limited to, a plasma nozzle, and is internally provided with an air blowing pipe (not shown), and the arc generated by the thermal spray nozzle 323 melts the welding wire and is then sprayed onto the upper surface of the product 10 through the air blowing pipe, so as to achieve thermal spraying onto the surface of the product 10.
Referring to fig. 2, 4 to 9, the thermal spraying mechanism 320 further includes a dust hood 324 disposed in the inner cavity 311 and located below the wire feeding assembly 322, the dust hood 324 has a spray cavity 3241, the thermal spraying nozzle 323 is located in the spray cavity 3241, and a thermal spraying port 3242 corresponding to the thermal spraying nozzle 323 is disposed at the bottom of the dust hood 324; the dust hood 324 is provided with a hood exhaust hole 3243, and the hood exhaust hole 3243, the spray cavity 3241 and the thermal spray port 3242 are communicated in sequence. In this embodiment, the thermal spray nozzle 323 and the dust hood 324 are respectively connected and fixed with the lifting plate 3217 of the lower spray bracket 3212, the hood exhaust hole 3243 of the dust hood 324 is connected with an exhaust pipe (not shown), and is connected with an external dust removing device (not shown) through the exhaust pipe, and the box 310 is provided with a through hole 317 penetrating through the exhaust pipe on the side wall of the working cavity 315. By adopting the thermal spraying mechanism 320 with the dust hood 324 and the thermal spraying nozzle 323 arranged in the spraying cavity 3241, the dust of the product 10 is extracted through the dust hood 324 and the dust removing equipment during spraying, thereby reducing the dust concentration, and it is pointed out that by designing the two-stage dust removing structure of the dust hood 324 and the dust removing cavity 316, the dust hood 324 can extract a large amount of dust generated during thermal spraying out of the box body 310, and the dust flowing out from the periphery of the dust hood 324 can be extracted out of the box body 310 through the dust removing cavity 316, thereby effectively extracting the dust in the box body 310, and greatly improving the dust removing effect.
In this embodiment, the dust hood 324 is in an inverted cone shape, and includes a hood head portion 3244 connected to the lifting plate 3217 of the lower spraying bracket 3212, a hood foot portion 3245 located below the hood head portion 3244, and a hood body portion 3246 extending downward from the periphery of the hood head portion 3244 and inward obliquely to the periphery of the hood foot portion 3245, wherein the hood ventilation hole 3243 is disposed on the hood head portion 3244, and the thermal spraying port 3242 is disposed on the hood foot portion 3245.
As can be seen from fig. 7 to 9, in the present embodiment, the dust removal cover 324 includes a first cover body 324a and a second cover body 324b connected to the first cover body 324a, the thermal spray nozzle 323 has a circular cross section, and the first cover body 324a and the second cover body 324b are symmetrically arranged in the axial direction of the thermal spray nozzle 323. The first cover 324a and the second cover 324b are fixedly connected by any existing fixing method such as screws and welding, and both the first cover 324a and the second cover 324b are provided with cover ventilation holes 3243.
The above description is only exemplary of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the present invention, as any modification, equivalent replacement or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the present invention.
1. A plane product thermal spraying device comprises a frame, wherein the frame is provided with an X-axis direction, a Y-axis direction and a Z-axis direction which are mutually perpendicular, and is characterized in that a conveying device and a plane thermal spraying device which enable a product to move along the direction parallel to the X axis are arranged on the frame; the plane thermal spraying device comprises a box body arranged above the conveying device and a thermal spraying mechanism used for spraying the surface of the product, the box body is provided with an inner cavity with an opening at the bottom, and the top of the box body is provided with a through hole which is communicated with the inner cavity and extends along the direction parallel to the Y axis; the thermal spraying mechanism comprises a mounting rack, a wire feeding assembly and a thermal spraying nozzle, the wire feeding assembly and the thermal spraying nozzle are supported on the mounting rack, the thermal spraying nozzle is located in the inner cavity and is arranged below the wire feeding assembly, and the mounting rack is arranged at a through hole of the box body in a sliding mode; the plane product thermal spraying equipment further comprises a translation driving device which is used for driving the mounting frame to move relative to the box body in the direction parallel to the Y axis.
2. A planar product thermal spraying apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the mounting bracket comprises an upper spray bracket and a lower spray bracket connected to the upper spray bracket, the thermal spray nozzle being fixedly connected to the lower spray bracket; the top of box is provided with along being on a parallel with the slide rail that Y axle direction extends, go up the spraying support and pass through the slider setting and be in on the slide rail.
3. A flat product thermal spraying apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the translational driving means includes a carriage driving means, the carriage driving means includes a master synchronizing wheel, a slave synchronizing wheel, a timing belt wrapped between the master synchronizing wheel and the slave synchronizing wheel, a clamping plate clamped on the timing belt, and a motor driving assembly for rotating the master synchronizing wheel, the slave synchronizing wheel, the motor driving assembly are supported on the case, and the clamping plate is fixedly connected to the upper spraying carriage;
or, translation drive arrangement is including setting up the multiaxis robot of box week side, the multiaxis robot has the linking arm, go up on the spraying support be equipped with the connector of linking arm butt joint.
4. A planar product thermal spray apparatus as set forth in claim 2 wherein said wire feed assembly includes a wire disc, a roller mount, a wire feed roller rotatably mounted on said roller mount, said wire disc being disposed on said upper spray support, and a roller drive for rotating said wire feed roller, said roller mount being supported on said lower spray support.
5. A thermal spraying apparatus for a planar product according to claim 4, wherein the upper spraying support comprises a spraying slide plate, and a support table, a guide rod and a hollow enclosure frame which are arranged on the spraying slide plate and arranged in sequence along a wire feeding direction, the spraying slide plate is slidably arranged on the slide rail, a wire disc is supported on the support table, and the enclosure frame extends from the bottom surface of the spraying slide plate to the thermal spraying nozzle; the wire feeding assembly also comprises a wire feeding guide pipe, the wire feeding guide pipe is connected with a wire feeding angle control block, and the wire feeding angle control block is rotatably arranged on the guide rod; set up on the spraying slide with enclose the frame and correspond and send a mouth, the welding wire of silk dish passes through send a pipe according to the preface warp send a mouth enclose the inside of frame send a gyro wheel to send into hot spraying nozzle department.
6. A planar product thermal spray apparatus as claimed in claim 2 wherein said lower spray support includes a lift plate, a lift guide rod and a connecting plate, said lift guide rod having one end connected to said lift plate and another end connected to said connecting plate; the thermal spraying nozzle is arranged on the lifting plate, and the upper spraying bracket is provided with a guide hole corresponding to the lifting guide rod.
7. The thermal spraying apparatus of a planar product according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the thermal spraying mechanism further comprises a dust hood disposed in the inner chamber and below the wire feed assembly, the dust hood having a spray chamber, the thermal spraying nozzle being located in the spray chamber, a thermal spray port corresponding to the thermal spraying nozzle being opened at a bottom of the dust hood; the dust removal cover is provided with a cover air suction hole, and the cover air suction hole, the spray cavity and the thermal spraying port are communicated in sequence.
8. A planar product thermal spray apparatus as set forth in claim 7 wherein said dust hood includes a first hood body and a second hood body connected to said first hood body; the thermal spraying nozzle is provided with a circular cross section, and the first cover body and the second cover body are symmetrically arranged in the axial direction of the thermal spraying nozzle.
9. A thermal spraying apparatus for a planar product according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein two divider plates are provided in the housing, the two divider plates dividing the internal chamber into two dust-removing chambers and a working chamber between the two dust-removing chambers, the thermal spraying mechanism being provided in the working chamber.
10. The planar product thermal spraying apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein an organ hood assembly is provided between the mounting frame and the box body to close the through opening, the organ hood assembly includes an organ hood that is retractable in a direction parallel to the Y axis, two hood adaptor pieces, and two hood fixing pieces, one end of the organ hood is connected and fixed to the mounting frame sequentially through one of the two hood adaptor pieces and one of the two hood fixing pieces, and the other end is connected and fixed to the box body sequentially through the other of the two hood adaptor pieces and the other of the two hood fixing pieces.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN202020359921.8U CN212375356U (en)||2020-03-19||2020-03-19||Thermal spraying equipment for plane products|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN202020359921.8U CN212375356U (en)||2020-03-19||2020-03-19||Thermal spraying equipment for plane products|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN212375356U true CN212375356U (en)||2021-01-19|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN202020359921.8U Active CN212375356U (en)||2020-03-19||2020-03-19||Thermal spraying equipment for plane products|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN212375356U (en)|
- 2020-03-19 CN CN202020359921.8U patent/CN212375356U/en active Active
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