CN212328407U - Quick breaker of building material rubbish - Google Patents

Quick breaker of building material rubbish Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212328407U
CN212328407U CN202020176532.1U CN202020176532U CN212328407U CN 212328407 U CN212328407 U CN 212328407U CN 202020176532 U CN202020176532 U CN 202020176532U CN 212328407 U CN212328407 U CN 212328407U
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Prior art keywords
crushing
fixedly connected
building material
motor
shell
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CN202020176532.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王家才
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Shanxi Xinjinke Experimental Equipment Co ltd
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Shanxi Xinjinke Experimental Equipment Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the building field, in particular to a quick crushing device for building material garbage, which comprises a shell, wherein a feeding mechanism is arranged at the inner side of the shell, a hammering mechanism for primarily crushing building materials on the feeding mechanism is arranged at the upper side of the feeding mechanism, a crushing mechanism for crushing the building materials primarily crushed is arranged at the lower side of the feeding mechanism, by arranging the hammering mechanism, the building materials at the top of the conveyor belt are hammered to be primarily crushed, the crushing box can move up and down repeatedly by arranging the vibration mechanism, thereby leading the crushing blade to fully crush the building materials positioned at the inner side of the crushing box, greatly improving the crushing capability of the device, meanwhile, the filter plate can be prevented from being blocked by the vertical vibration of the crushing box, so that the crushed building materials can be discharged from the crushing box in time.

Description

Quick breaker of building material rubbish
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a building field specifically is a quick breaker of building material rubbish.
Background
The building is a structure built by all available materials such as soil, stone, wood, steel, glass, reed, plastic, ice blocks and the like. The purpose of the building is not itself, but is to obtain the "space" that the building forms. The artificial environment is created by people by using the grasped substance technical means and applying certain scientific laws, geomantic omen and aesthetic rules in order to meet the needs of social life.
Some material rubbish often can be left after the construction, need handle, need earlier the bold material rubbish breakage before the processing to follow-up work goes on, current building material rubbish breaker troublesome poeration, breakage slow, waste time and energy, consequently, to above current situation, the urgent need is developed a quick breaker of building material rubbish, in order to overcome not enough in the current practical application.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a quick breaker of building material rubbish to solve the problem that proposes among the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a quick breaker of building material rubbish, includes the casing, the casing inboard is provided with feed mechanism, the feed mechanism upside is provided with and is used for carrying out preliminary broken hammering mechanism to the building material on the feed mechanism, the feed mechanism downside is provided with and is used for carrying out the crushing mechanism once more to the building material through preliminary broken.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the feed mechanism includes that fixed connection sets up the feeder hopper at the casing top, the feeder hopper downside is provided with the conveyer belt, the conveyer belt downside is provided with and is used for introducing the stock guide in the rubbing crusher constructs with the material.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the hammering mechanism includes the quartering hammer, the quartering hammer sets up at the conveyer belt upside, quartering hammer top fixed connection be provided with casing sliding connection's slide bar, the articulated head rod that is provided with in slide bar top, the head rod other end is articulated with the runner outer fringe, the runner passes through a motor drive, first motor bolted connection sets up at the carriage inboard, carriage fixed connection sets up at the casing top.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the crushing mechanism comprises a guide pipe fixedly connected with the bottom of the guide plate, a limiting plate is fixedly connected with the bottom of the guide pipe, a crushing box is arranged on the outer side of the limiting plate in a sliding mode, a fixing plate is arranged on the outer side of the crushing box in a sliding mode, the other end of the fixing plate is connected with a sliding groove arranged on the inner wall of the shell in a sliding mode, the bottom of the fixing plate is connected with the vibrating mechanism, a filter plate is arranged on the inner side of the crushing box in a bottom fixing mode, the upper side of the filter plate is provided with a driving rod, the driving rod is driven by a second motor, the second motor is connected with the bottom of the conveyor belt in a bolt mode, a driven rod connected with a bearing at the bottom of the conveyor belt is arranged on the right side of the driving rod, the driving.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the vibrating mechanism comprises a third motor, the output end of the third motor is connected with the cam, push blocks are arranged on the left side and the right side of the cam, guide blocks connected with the shell in a sliding mode are arranged on the front and the back of the push blocks in a fixed mode, a connecting block is arranged on one side, far away from the cam, of the push blocks and is hinged to a second connecting rod, and a spring is arranged between one end of each push block and the shell and in a fixed mode.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. by arranging the hammering mechanism, the first motor is used for driving the rotating wheel to rotate, and the rotating wheel enables the breaking hammer to repeatedly move up and down through the first connecting rod, so that the building materials positioned at the top of the conveying belt are hammered, the building materials are initially broken, and the building material breaking effect of the device is favorably improved;
2. through setting up vibration mechanism, can make and smash case up-and-down motion to make crushing blade carry out abundant breakage to the building material that lies in crushing incasement side, hoisting device's crushing ability greatly, simultaneously, through the upper and lower vibration of smashing the case, can avoid the filter plate to block up, make broken good building material can in time follow and smash the incasement and discharge.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a construction material garbage rapid crushing device.
Fig. 2 is a top view of a vibration mechanism in the construction material waste rapid crushing device.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion a in fig. 1.
In the figure: 1-shell, 2-feed hopper, 3-conveyor belt, 4-breaking hammer, 5-slide bar, 6-rotating wheel, 7-first motor, 8-first connecting rod, 9-guide plate, 10-second motor, 11-driving rod, 12-driven rod, 13-guide pipe, 14-crushing box, 15-fixing plate, 16-chute, 17-second connecting rod, 18-filter plate, 19-partition plate, 20-collecting box, 21-third motor, 22-cam, 23-push block, 24-connecting block, 25-spring and 26-limiting plate.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present patent will be described in further detail with reference to the following embodiments.
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present patent, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are exemplary only for the purpose of explaining the present patent and are not to be construed as limiting the present patent.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1-3, in the embodiment of the present invention, a quick breaker of building material rubbish, includes casing 1, 1 inboard of casing is provided with feed mechanism, the feed mechanism upside is provided with and is used for carrying out the hammering mechanism of preliminary breakage to the building material on the feed mechanism, the feed mechanism downside is provided with and is used for carrying out the rubbing crusher who breaks once more to the building material through preliminary breakage.
Example 2
In this embodiment, feed mechanism includes that fixed connection sets up the feeder hopper 2 at casing 1 top, 2 downside of feeder hopper are provided with conveyer belt 3, 3 downside of conveyer belt are provided with and are used for introducing the stock guide 9 in the rubbing crusher constructs with the material, stock guide 9 and casing 1 fixed connection.
In this embodiment, hammering mechanism includes quartering hammer 4, quartering hammer 4 sets up at 3 upsides of conveyer belt, 4 top fixed connection of quartering hammer is provided with slide bar 5 with 1 sliding connection of casing, the articulated head rod 8 that is provided with in 5 tops of slide bar, the head rod 8 other end is articulated with 6 outer fringe of runner, runner 6 is driven through first motor 7, 7 bolted connection of first motor sets up at the carriage inboard, carriage fixed connection sets up at 1 tops of casing, through setting up hammering mechanism, utilizes first motor 7 to drive 6 rotations of runner, and 6 rethread head rod 8 of runner make quartering hammer 4 up-and-down motion to carry out the hammering to the building material that lies in 3 tops of conveyer belt, make building material obtain preliminary breakage, do benefit to the crushing effect of improving means to building material.
In this embodiment, the crushing mechanism includes a material guiding pipe 13 fixedly connected and arranged at the bottom of the material guiding plate 9, a limiting plate 26 is fixedly connected and arranged at the outer side of the bottom end of the material guiding pipe 13, a crushing box 14 is slidably connected and arranged at the outer side of the limiting plate 26, a fixing plate 15 is fixedly connected and arranged at the outer side of the crushing box 14, the other end of the fixing plate 15 is slidably connected with a chute 16 arranged on the inner wall of the shell 1, the bottom end of the fixing plate 15 is connected with the vibrating mechanism, a filter plate 18 is fixedly connected and arranged at the inner side of the crushing box 14, a driving rod 11 is arranged at the upper side of the filter plate 18, the driving rod 11 is driven by a second motor 10, the second motor 10 is bolted and arranged at the bottom of the conveyor belt 3, a driven rod 12 connected with a bearing at the bottom end, and a plurality of crushing blades are fixedly connected to the outer sides of the driving rod 11 and the driven rod 12.
In this embodiment, the vibration mechanism includes a third motor 21, an output end of the third motor 21 is connected to a cam 22, the left side and the right side of the cam 22 are both provided with a push block 23, the front side and the rear side of the push block 23 are both fixedly connected with a guide block which is connected with the shell 1 in a sliding way, a connecting block 24 is fixedly connected to one side of the push block 23 away from the cam 22, a second connecting rod 17 is hinged between the connecting block 24 and the fixing plate 15, a spring 25 is fixedly connected between one end of the connecting block 24, which is far away from the push block 23, and the shell 1, and the crushing box 14 can move up and down repeatedly by arranging a vibration mechanism, thereby the crushing blade fully crushes the building material positioned at the inner side of the crushing box 14, the crushing capability of the device is greatly improved, meanwhile, the up-and-down vibration of the crushing box 14 can prevent the filter plate 18 from being blocked, so that the crushed building materials can be discharged from the crushing box 14 in time.
In this embodiment, the cam 22 has an elliptical transverse cross-section.
In this embodiment, a partition plate 19 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the housing 1, a collecting box 20 for recovering the construction material discharged from the crushing box 14 is disposed on the partition plate 19, and the collecting box 20 is movably connected to the partition plate 19.
In this embodiment, a box door hinged to the housing 1 is disposed at the front side of the collecting box 20.
This quick breaker of building material rubbish, through setting up hammering mechanism, utilize first motor 7 to drive runner 6 and rotate, runner 6 rethread head rod 8 makes 4 up-and-down repetitive motions of quartering hammer, thereby carry out the hammering to the building material that lies in 3 tops of conveyer belt, make building material obtain preliminary breakage, do benefit to the crushing effect of improving the device to building material, through setting up vibration mechanism, can make crushing case 14 up-and-down repetitive motion, thereby make crushing blade carry out abundant breakage to the building material that lies in crushing case 14 inboard, hoisting device's crushing ability greatly, and simultaneously, through the up-and-down vibration of crushing case 14, can avoid filter plate 18 to block up, make the good building material of breakage discharge in crushing case 14 in time.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation is: building materials are added into the device from a feed hopper 2, the building materials fall on the top of a conveyor belt 3 and move along with the conveyor belt 3, a first motor 7 drives a rotating wheel 6 to rotate, the rotating wheel 6 drives a breaking hammer 4 positioned at the bottom of a sliding rod 5 to move up and down repeatedly through a first connecting rod 8, the building materials positioned at the top of the conveyor belt 3 are hammered, so that the building materials are primarily broken, the building materials which are primarily broken fall into a crushing box 14 along a guide plate 9, a second motor 10 drives a driving rod 11 to rotate, a driven rod 12 and the driving rod 11 rotate relatively under the action of gears, so that the building materials are crushed through a crushing blade, a third motor 21 pushes a push block 23 to move towards two sides through a cam 22, a spring 25 enables the push block 23 to move inwards, so that the push block 23 moves left and right repeatedly, the push block 23 drives the crushing box 14 to move up and down repeatedly through a second connecting rod, the construction material located inside the crushing bin 14 is sufficiently crushed by the crushing blades, and the crushed construction material is discharged from the crushing bin 14 and falls into the collection bin 20.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the concept of the present invention, several modifications and improvements can be made, which should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention, and these will not affect the effect of the implementation of the present invention and the practicability of the patent.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a quick breaker of building material rubbish, includes casing (1), its characterized in that, casing (1) inboard is provided with feed mechanism, the feed mechanism upside is provided with and is used for carrying out preliminary broken hammering mechanism to the building material on the feed mechanism, the feed mechanism downside is provided with and is used for carrying out the crushing mechanism to the preliminary broken building material of process once more.
2. The rapid crushing device for the construction material waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein the feeding mechanism comprises a feeding hopper (2) fixedly connected and arranged on the top of the shell (1), a conveyor belt (3) is arranged on the lower side of the feeding hopper (2), and a guide plate (9) for introducing the material into the crushing mechanism is arranged on the lower side of the conveyor belt (3).
3. The building material garbage rapid crushing device according to claim 2, wherein the hammering mechanism comprises a crushing hammer (4), the crushing hammer (4) is arranged on the upper side of the conveyor belt (3), a sliding rod (5) which is connected with the shell (1) in a sliding manner is fixedly connected to the top of the crushing hammer (4), a first connecting rod (8) is hinged to the top end of the sliding rod (5), the other end of the first connecting rod (8) is hinged to the outer edge of the rotating wheel (6), the rotating wheel (6) is driven by a first motor (7), the first motor (7) is arranged on the inner side of a supporting frame in a bolt connection manner, and the supporting frame is fixedly connected to the top of the shell (1).
4. The rapid crushing device for building material garbage according to claim 1, wherein the crushing mechanism comprises a material guide pipe (13) fixedly connected and arranged at the bottom of a material guide plate (9), a limiting plate (26) is fixedly connected and arranged at the outer side of the bottom end of the material guide pipe (13), a crushing box (14) is slidably connected and arranged at the outer side of the limiting plate (26), a fixing plate (15) is fixedly connected and arranged at the outer side of the crushing box (14), the other end of the fixing plate (15) is slidably connected with a chute (16) arranged on the inner wall of the shell (1), the bottom end of the fixing plate (15) is connected with a vibration mechanism, a filter plate (18) is fixedly connected and arranged at the inner side of the crushing box (14), a driving rod (11) is arranged at the upper side of the filter plate (18), the driving rod (11) is driven by a second motor (10), and the second motor (10) is bolted, driven rod (12) that are connected with conveyer belt (3) bottom bearing are provided with on driving lever (11) right side, are connected through gear engagement between driving lever (11) and driven rod (12), the equal fixed connection in driving lever (11) and driven rod (12) outside is provided with a plurality of crushing blades.
5. The building material garbage rapid crushing device according to claim 4, wherein the vibration mechanism comprises a third motor (21), the output end of the third motor (21) is connected with a cam (22), pushing blocks (23) are arranged on the left side and the right side of the cam (22), guide blocks which are connected with the shell (1) in a sliding manner are fixedly connected on the front side and the rear side of each pushing block (23), a connecting block (24) is fixedly connected on one side, away from the cam (22), of each pushing block (23), a second connecting rod (17) is hinged between each connecting block (24) and the fixing plate (15), and a spring (25) is fixedly connected between one end, away from the pushing block (23), of each connecting block (24) and the shell (1).
CN202020176532.1U 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 Quick breaker of building material rubbish Active CN212328407U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020176532.1U CN212328407U (en) 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 Quick breaker of building material rubbish

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020176532.1U CN212328407U (en) 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 Quick breaker of building material rubbish

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212328407U true CN212328407U (en) 2021-01-12

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112657633A (en) * 2021-01-15 2021-04-16 王天颖 Building rubbish recycling and crushing device
CN112958191A (en) * 2021-01-26 2021-06-15 上海旖琥环境工程技术发展有限公司 Construction waste crushing treatment and arc magnetism arc guiding device
CN113713889A (en) * 2021-07-23 2021-11-30 华新建工集团有限公司 Environment-friendly civil engineering construction waste treatment facility
CN114308330B (en) * 2022-03-15 2022-05-24 广东预防医学健康研究院(有限合伙) Traditional chinese medicine processing is with raw materials dissolving device that mills

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112657633A (en) * 2021-01-15 2021-04-16 王天颖 Building rubbish recycling and crushing device
CN112958191A (en) * 2021-01-26 2021-06-15 上海旖琥环境工程技术发展有限公司 Construction waste crushing treatment and arc magnetism arc guiding device
CN113713889A (en) * 2021-07-23 2021-11-30 华新建工集团有限公司 Environment-friendly civil engineering construction waste treatment facility
CN114308330B (en) * 2022-03-15 2022-05-24 广东预防医学健康研究院(有限合伙) Traditional chinese medicine processing is with raw materials dissolving device that mills

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