CN212293887U - High-efficient scutching system - Google Patents

High-efficient scutching system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212293887U
CN212293887U CN202020434666.9U CN202020434666U CN212293887U CN 212293887 U CN212293887 U CN 212293887U CN 202020434666 U CN202020434666 U CN 202020434666U CN 212293887 U CN212293887 U CN 212293887U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
cotton
chamber
scutching
channel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN202020434666.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何向阳
苏海军
白雪涛
沈鹏川
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhoukou Jialida Textile Group Co ltd
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Zhoukou Jialida Textile Group Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020434666.9U priority Critical patent/CN212293887U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN212293887U publication Critical patent/CN212293887U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a high-efficiency scutching system, which comprises a screw conveyor, a scattering device, a transmission mechanism and a scutcher which are sequentially connected; the auger conveyor comprises a first shell, wherein a feeding port and a discharging port are arranged on the first shell, and a spiral pushing rod is arranged in the first shell; the scattering device comprises a second shell, a feed inlet is formed in the upper side of the second shell, and a discharge outlet is formed in the side face of the bottom of the second shell; a pair of cotton fluffers is arranged in the second shell, a fan is arranged on the inner wall of the second shell, a trash collecting chamber is arranged at the bottom of the inner side of the second shell, and a leakage net is arranged at the upper part of the trash collecting chamber; the transmission mechanism comprises a transmission channel, the transmission channel comprises an inlet and an outlet, and a transmitter is arranged in the transmission channel; the scutcher comprises a fourth shell, a hopper is arranged on the upper portion of the fourth shell, and a scutching chamber, a discharging channel and an impurity removing chamber are arranged inside the fourth shell. The utility model discloses can carry out high-efficient scutching to the raw cotton and handle, and can avoid the raise dust, it is simple to have structural design, energy-concerving and environment-protective characteristics.

Description

High-efficient scutching system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a weaving equipment technical field, concretely relates to high-efficient scutching system.
Background
Scutchers, also known as scutchers, openers, scutchers and the like, are common devices used in textile production, wherein large entangled fibers are loosened into small pieces or bundles by tearing until the fibers are loosened into fluffy and soft cotton, and impurities in the cotton are removed by mechanical centrifugal force generated by high-speed operation of a carding machine and a licker-in, so that the cotton is convenient to use. However, the existing scutchers sometimes do not sufficiently open cotton bales, the produced cotton blocks are easy to block the machine, the working efficiency is reduced, and the impurity removal is not facilitated. In addition, most of the existing cotton cleaners adopt an airflow type, impurities are discharged from a dust collecting opening through a fan, however, the airflow generated by the fan is difficult to enter the cotton cleaners, the influence is generated on the airflow in the cotton cleaners, the cotton cleaning quality is further influenced, and even dust is raised.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at the not enough of prior art, provide a high-efficient cotton cleaning system of environment-friendly, concrete scheme is as follows:
an efficient scutching system comprises a packing auger conveyor, a scattering device, a transmission mechanism and a scutcher which are sequentially connected; the auger conveyor comprises a first shell, a feeding port and a discharging port are arranged on the first shell, and a spiral pushing rod driven by a speed reduction motor is arranged in the first shell; the scattering device comprises a second shell, a feed inlet which is connected with the feed opening in the same direction is formed in the upper side of the second shell, and a discharge opening is formed in the side surface of the bottom of the second shell; a pair of cotton fluffers driven by a driving motor is arranged in the second shell, a fan is arranged on the inner wall of the second shell, a trash collecting chamber is arranged at the bottom of the inner side of the second shell, and a leakage net is arranged at the upper part of the trash collecting chamber; the conveying mechanism comprises a conveying channel, the conveying channel is provided with an inlet which is connected with the discharge hole in a direct mode, the top of the conveying channel is provided with an outlet, and a conveyor is arranged in the conveying channel; the scutching machine comprises a fourth shell, the upper portion of the fourth shell is provided with a hopper connected with an outlet in an orderly mode, the bottom of the hopper is connected with the inner portion of the fourth shell through a discharging channel, a scutching chamber connected with the discharging channel in an orderly mode is arranged inside the fourth shell, a scutching beater is arranged in the scutching chamber, a discharging channel extending to the outer portion of the fourth shell is arranged on one side of the scutching chamber, an impurity removing chamber is arranged below the scutching chamber, and the impurity removing chamber is separated from the scutching chamber through a dust net.
Based on the above, the bottom of the first shell is the screen plate, a dust collecting groove is arranged below the screen plate, and a release opening is formed in the bottom of the dust collecting groove.
Based on the above, the cotton loosening beater comprises a rotating shaft, a plurality of spike teeth are arranged on the rotating shaft, and a plurality of auxiliary teeth are arranged on the spike teeth.
Based on the above, the inside backup pad that is equipped with of second casing, be equipped with in the backup pad with the footstep bearing of pivot butt.
Based on the above, the impurity collecting chamber is internally provided with a vibration motor, and an output shaft of the vibration motor is fixedly arranged on the leakage net.
Based on the above, the bottom of the impurity collecting chamber is inclined, and the second shell is provided with an impurity discharging port corresponding to the lowest position of the bottom of the impurity collecting chamber; the bottom of the transmission channel is provided with a first outlet.
Based on the above, the pushing surface of the spiral pushing rod is rough.
Based on the above, a pair of licker-in rollers is arranged in the blanking channel; a pair of cotton discharging rollers is arranged in the discharging channel.
Based on the above, the upper side of the discharge channel is provided with the cotton stripping knife, and the distance between the cotton stripping knife and the cotton cleaning beater is 1-3 mm.
On the basis, be equipped with the static stick in the edulcoration room, the outside of fourth casing is equipped with the drive static stick pivoted crank is equipped with in the edulcoration room and cleans the brush of static stick, and the second export has been seted up to the bottom in edulcoration room.
The utility model discloses relative prior art has substantive characteristics and progress, specifically speaking, the utility model has the following advantages:
1. the utility model discloses in, the scattering device can disperse the cotton piece as far as possible and carry out loose edulcoration to the cotton piece, heavier cottonseed, the impurity in the cotton piece fall on leaking the net, under the effect of vibrating motor, fall on cottonseed, impurity entering album miscellaneous room, and lighter cotton fibre under the effect of fan, discharge from the discharge gate and fall on the conveyer, under the effect of conveyer, is sent to the scutcher and handles; the structural design can be used for loosening and primarily cleaning the raw cotton before the cotton cleaner is used for treating the raw cotton, and a foundation is laid for the work of the cotton cleaner.
2. The utility model discloses in, through set up a pair of licker-in, discharge channel in the unloading passageway and set up a pair of cotton roller that goes out, can loosen the processing around cotton picker is to cotton fibre scutching, improve the scutching effect.
3. In the utility model, the electrostatic rod is arranged in the dust removing chamber, so that the short fiber and the dust falling from the dust net can be adsorbed, the short fiber and the dust are prevented from returning to the clean cotton wool again, and the raised dust is avoided; through set up the pivoted crank of drive static stick in fourth casing outside, can drive its rotation to detach its surperficial dirt through the brush, guarantee the work efficiency of static stick.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the matching structure of the spike teeth and the rotating shaft in the middle cotton picker of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a screw conveyor; 1-1. a first housing; 1-2, feeding; 2. a breaking device; 3. a cotton cleaner; 3-1. a fourth shell; 3-2, a cotton cleaning chamber; 3-3, an impurity removal chamber; 4. pushing the dough; 5. a screen plate; 6. a dust collecting groove; 6-1, a release port; 7. a feeding port; 8. a feed inlet; 9. a second housing; 10. a drive motor; 11. loosening cotton beater; 11-1. a rotating shaft; 12. nailing teeth; 12-1, secondary teeth; 13. a thrust bearing; 14. a support plate; 15. a leakage net; 16. a collection chamber; 17. a trash discharge port; 18. a vibration motor; 19. a discharge port; 20. a transport mechanism; 21. a first outlet; 22. a hopper; 23. a licker-in; 24. a second outlet; 25. a transmission channel; 26. a conveyor; 27. a dust net; 28. cotton cleaning and beating; 29. a discharge channel; 30. a cotton outlet roller; 31. a cotton stripping knife; 32. an electrostatic rod; 33. an observation window; 34. a brush; 35. a crank; 36. a transmission belt; 37. a fan.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention will be described in further detail through the following embodiments.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1-2, the utility model provides a high-efficient scutching system 3, which comprises a screw conveyor 1, a scattering device 2, a transmission mechanism 20 and a scutcher 3 which are sequentially connected.
The auger conveyor 1 comprises a first shell 1-1, a feeding port 1-2 and a discharging port 7 are arranged on the first shell 1-1, and a spiral pushing rod driven by a speed reduction motor is arranged in the first shell 1-1.
It is worth noting that in order to realize preliminary impurity removal of cotton blocks, the pushing surface 4 of the spiral pushing rod is a rough surface, so that the cotton blocks are turned over as much as possible in the forward pushing process; in addition, the bottom of the first shell 1-1 is provided with a screen plate 5, a dust collecting groove 6 is arranged below the screen plate 5, and the bottom of the dust collecting groove 6 is provided with a release port 6-1.
The scattering device 2 comprises a second shell 9, a feeding hole 8 which is connected with the feed opening 7 in a direct mode is formed in the upper side of the second shell 9, and a discharging hole 19 is formed in the side face of the bottom of the second shell 9; a pair of cotton loosening beaters 11 is arranged in the second shell 9, a driving motor 10 is arranged at the upper part of the second shell 9, and the driving motor 10 drives the pair of cotton loosening beaters 11 to rotate through a driving belt 36; the inner wall of the second shell 9 is also provided with a fan 37, the bottom of the inner side of the second shell 9 is provided with a collection chamber 16, and the upper part of the collection chamber 16 is provided with a leakage net 15.
The cotton loosening beater 11 comprises a rotating shaft 11-1, a plurality of spike teeth 12 are arranged on the rotating shaft 11-1, and a plurality of auxiliary teeth 12-1 are arranged on the spike teeth 12 for improving the cotton loosening effect of the cotton loosening beater 11.
In order to ensure the rotation stability of the cotton loosening beater 11, a supporting plate 14 is specially arranged inside the second shell 9, and a thrust bearing 13 which is abutted against the rotating shaft 11-1 is arranged on the supporting plate 14.
In order to improve the filtering capacity of the impurity collecting chamber 16, a vibration motor 18 is arranged in the impurity collecting chamber 16, and an output shaft of the vibration motor 18 is fixedly arranged on the leakage net 15.
In order to facilitate the discharge of impurities, the bottom of the impurity collecting chamber 16 is inclined, and the second housing 9 is provided with an impurity discharging port 17 corresponding to the lowest position of the bottom of the impurity collecting chamber 16.
The transmission mechanism 20 comprises a transmission channel 25, the transmission channel 25 is provided with an inlet which is connected with the discharge hole 19 in an orderly manner, the top of the transmission channel 25 is provided with an outlet, and a transmitter 26 is arranged in the transmission channel 25.
Since the transfer passage 25 generates some impurities during use, the first outlet 21 is provided at the bottom of the transfer passage 25.
The cotton cleaner 3 comprises a fourth shell 3-1, a hopper 22 connected with the outlet in an orderly manner is arranged at the upper part of the fourth shell 3-1, the bottom of the hopper 22 is connected with the inside of the fourth shell 3-1 through a discharging channel, a cotton cleaning chamber 3-2 connected with the discharging channel in an orderly manner is arranged inside the fourth shell 3-1, a cotton cleaning beater 28 is arranged in the cotton cleaning chamber 3-2, a discharging channel 29 extending to the outside of the fourth shell 3-1 is arranged at one side of the cotton cleaning chamber 3-2, an impurity removing chamber 3-3 is arranged below the cotton cleaning chamber 3-2, and the impurity removing chamber 3-3 is separated from the cotton cleaning chamber 3-2 through a dust net 27.
In order to fully loosen the cotton wool entering the fourth shell 3-1 to facilitate the cotton cleaning treatment, a pair of licker-in rollers 23 are arranged in the feeding channel to pre-loosen the cotton wool; in addition, a pair of cotton discharging rollers 30 is arranged in the discharging channel 29, so that the cotton wool after being cleaned is loosened and decontaminated again.
In order to avoid the phenomenon of cotton return of the cotton fibers after the cotton picking treatment, a cotton stripping knife 31 is arranged on the upper side of the discharge channel 29, and the distance between the cotton stripping knife 31 and the cotton picking beater 28 is 1-3 mm.
In order to clean short fibers and dust generated in the cotton cleaning process in time and prevent the short fibers and the dust from returning to cotton wool after the cotton cleaning process, an electrostatic rod 32 is arranged in the impurity removing chamber 3-3.
After the electrostatic rod 32 is used for a long time, the surface layer of the electrostatic rod adsorbs a large amount of impurities, and the electrostatic rod needs to be cleaned regularly in order not to affect the working efficiency of the electrostatic rod. Therefore, a crank 35 for driving the electrostatic rod 32 to rotate is arranged outside the fourth shell 3-1, a brush 34 for cleaning the electrostatic rod 32 is arranged in the impurity removing chamber 3-3, and the bottom of the impurity removing chamber 3-3 is provided with a second outlet 24.
The utility model discloses concrete theory of operation does: firstly, the cotton blocks are put into the feeding port 1-2 and pushed towards the discharging port 7 under the action of the spiral pushing rod, and because the pushing surface 4 is rough, the cotton blocks continuously rotate in the pushing process, internal impurities are separated from the cotton blocks, fall into the dust collecting groove 6 through the screen plate 5 and finally can be discharged through the discharge port 6-1.
The cotton blocks discharged from the feed opening 7 enter the second shell 9 from the inlet, under the action of the cotton loosening beater 11, the cotton blocks are loosened, most of cotton seeds and impurities fall down and enter the impurity collecting chamber 16 through the leakage net 15, cotton wool enters the conveying channel 25 from the discharge opening 19 under the action of the fan 37, and the cotton wool enters the hopper 22 under the action of the conveyor 26.
The cotton wool entering the hopper 22 is discharged into the cleaning chamber 3-2 under the action of the licker-in 23, under the action of the cleaning beater 28, the cotton wool is loosened and cleaned, short fiber dust and impurities are separated from the cotton fiber, the cotton wool falls from the dust net 27, enters the cleaning chamber 3-3 and is adsorbed by the electrostatic rod 32, the cotton fiber is discharged from the discharge passage 29, and under the action of the cotton outlet roller 30, the cotton fiber is conveyed for removing the impurities again, and the dust and impurities fall from the dust net 27; the cotton fibers adhering to the scutching beater 28 are stripped by the stripping blade 31 and discharged from the discharge channel 29.
After the static stick 32 works for a period of time, an operator checks the thickness of dust on the surface layer of the static stick 32 through the observation window 33, and if the thickness is too thick to affect the working efficiency of the static stick 32, the static stick 32 is closed, the crank 35 is rotated, and the dust on the static stick 32 is cleaned through the brush 34 and is discharged from the second outlet 24.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention and not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that: the invention can be modified or equivalent substituted for some technical features; without departing from the spirit of the present invention, it should be understood that the scope of the claims is intended to cover all such modifications and variations.

Claims (10)

1. An efficient scutching system is characterized in that: comprises a screw conveyor (1), a scattering device (2), a transmission mechanism (20) and a scutcher (3) which are sequentially connected; the auger conveyor (1) comprises a first shell (1-1), a feeding port (1-2) and a discharging port (7) are arranged on the first shell (1-1), and a spiral pushing rod driven by a speed reduction motor is arranged in the first shell (1-1); the scattering device (2) comprises a second shell (9), a feeding hole (8) which is connected with the feed opening (7) in a direct mode is formed in the upper side of the second shell (9), and a discharging hole (19) is formed in the side face of the bottom of the second shell (9); a pair of cotton fluffing beaters (11) driven by a driving motor (10) is arranged in the second shell (9), a fan (37) is arranged on the inner wall of the second shell (9), a trash collecting chamber (16) is arranged at the bottom of the inner side of the second shell (9), and a leakage net (15) is arranged at the upper part of the trash collecting chamber (16); the conveying mechanism (20) comprises a conveying channel (25), the conveying channel (25) is provided with an inlet which is connected with the discharge hole (19) in the same direction, the top of the conveying channel (25) is provided with an outlet, and a conveyor (26) is arranged in the conveying channel (25); the cotton cleaner (3) comprises a fourth shell (3-1), a hopper (22) connected with the outlet in the same direction is arranged on the upper portion of the fourth shell (3-1), a discharging channel is arranged at the bottom of the hopper (22) and is connected with the fourth shell (3-1) inside, a cotton cleaning chamber (3-2) connected with the discharging channel in the same direction is arranged inside the fourth shell (3-1), a cotton cleaning beater (28) is arranged in the cotton cleaning chamber (3-2), a discharging channel (29) extending to the outside of the fourth shell (3-1) is arranged on one side of the cotton cleaning chamber (3-2), an impurity removing chamber (3-3) is arranged below the cotton cleaning chamber (3-2), and the impurity removing chamber (3-3) is separated from the cotton cleaning chamber (3-2) through a dust net (27).
2. The high efficiency scutching system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom of the first shell (1-1) is provided with a screen (5), a dust collecting groove (6) is arranged below the screen (15), and the bottom of the dust collecting groove (6) is provided with a release port (6-1).
3. The high efficiency scutching system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the cotton loosening beater (11) comprises a rotating shaft (11-1), a plurality of spike teeth (12) are arranged on the rotating shaft (11-1), and a plurality of auxiliary teeth (12-1) are arranged on the spike teeth (12).
4. A high efficiency scutching system according to claim 3, wherein: a supporting plate (14) is arranged inside the second shell (9), and a thrust bearing (13) abutted to the rotating shaft (11-1) is arranged on the supporting plate (14).
5. The high efficiency scutching system according to claim 1, characterized in that: a vibration motor (18) is arranged in the impurity collecting chamber (16), and an output shaft of the vibration motor (18) is fixedly arranged on the leakage net (15).
6. The high efficiency scutching system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom of the impurity collecting chamber (16) is inclined, and the lowest part of the second shell (9) corresponding to the bottom of the impurity collecting chamber (16) is provided with an impurity discharging port (17); the bottom of the transmission channel (25) is provided with a first outlet (21).
7. The high efficiency scutching system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the pushing surface (4) of the spiral pushing rod is rough.
8. The high efficiency scutching system according to claim 1, characterized in that: a pair of licker-in rollers (23) is arranged in the blanking channel; a pair of cotton outlet rollers (30) is arranged in the discharging channel (29).
9. The high efficiency scutching system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the upper side of the discharging channel (29) is provided with a cotton stripping knife (31), and the distance between the cotton stripping knife (31) and the cotton cleaning beater (28) is 1-3 mm.
10. The high efficiency scutching system according to claim 1, characterized in that: an electrostatic rod (32) is arranged in the impurity removing chamber (3-3), a crank (35) for driving the electrostatic rod (32) to rotate is arranged outside the fourth shell (3-1), a brush (34) for cleaning the electrostatic rod (32) is arranged in the impurity removing chamber (3-3), and a second outlet (24) is formed in the bottom of the impurity removing chamber (3-3).
CN202020434666.9U 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 High-efficient scutching system Expired - Fee Related CN212293887U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020434666.9U CN212293887U (en) 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 High-efficient scutching system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020434666.9U CN212293887U (en) 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 High-efficient scutching system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212293887U true CN212293887U (en) 2021-01-05

Family

ID=73960511

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020434666.9U Expired - Fee Related CN212293887U (en) 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 High-efficient scutching system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212293887U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20210105

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee