CN212180324U - Soil sampling device for geological survey - Google Patents

Soil sampling device for geological survey Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212180324U
CN212180324U CN202020998447.3U CN202020998447U CN212180324U CN 212180324 U CN212180324 U CN 212180324U CN 202020998447 U CN202020998447 U CN 202020998447U CN 212180324 U CN212180324 U CN 212180324U
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China
Prior art keywords
rod
sampling
groove
base
movable
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CN202020998447.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈华骏
刘波
张大伟
陈克新
杨磊
蔡卫强
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Hangzhou survey, design and Research Institute Co.,Ltd.
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Hangzhou Exploration Design Research Institute
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Priority to CN202020998447.3U priority Critical patent/CN212180324U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an earth sampling device for geological survey, which comprises a base, a frame arranged on the base and a sampling mechanism arranged on the base, wherein the sampling mechanism comprises a sampling rod movably connected with the base, a drill rotatably arranged at the bottom of the sampling rod and a sampler arranged at one side of the sampling rod; the base is provided with a driving motor, the driving motor is connected with a screw rod, the screw rod penetrates through a guide rod and is in threaded fit with the guide rod, and the top of the guide rod is rotatably connected with the transverse plate. The utility model discloses the removal effect more accurate with sampling mechanism is convenient for carry out the earth sample of appointed degree of depth.

Description

Soil sampling device for geological survey
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the technique of sampling equipment and specifically relates to a geological survey is with earth sampling device is related to.
Background
Currently, geological research refers to the detailed understanding and research of geological and mineral characteristics of a certain area or mineral deposit, and mainly includes the quality of geological work items, scope, content, stage and data results, etc. that have already been performed. Sometimes the degree of geological research is expressed in a scale of geological surveys or geological maps. Soil is often sampled when the survey is conducted, and therefore a soil sampling device is used.
The prior Chinese patent with publication number CN208887984U discloses a soil sampling device for geological engineering, which comprises a main body and a buffer device, wherein the top end of the main body is connected with the buffer device; the main part includes drive arrangement, drilling rig and sampler, and the drive arrangement top is connected with the telescopic link, and the drive arrangement cover is connected on the drilling rig and with the drilling rig, is provided with a plurality of samplers on the drilling rig. In order to replace the staff to take a sample earth, the effectual intensity of labour who reduces the earth sample makes the earth sample become more convenient.
The above prior art solutions have the following drawbacks: although the structure of the drilling device and the sampler can be used for sampling soil, the drilling device needs to be moved downwards by pressing when the drilling device moves downwards, but the manual mode is obviously not accurate enough, and soil sampling is difficult to be carried out at an accurate position.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Not enough to prior art exists, the utility model aims at providing a geology is surveyed and is used earth sampling device, its removal that has the sampling mechanism is more accurate effect, is convenient for carry out the earth sample of appointed degree of depth.
The above utility model discloses an above-mentioned utility model purpose can realize through following technical scheme:
an earth sampling device for geological survey comprises a base, a rack arranged on the base and a sampling mechanism arranged on the base, wherein the sampling mechanism comprises a sampling rod movably connected with the base, a drill bit rotatably arranged at the bottom of the sampling rod and a sampler arranged on one side of the sampling rod; the base is provided with a driving motor, the driving motor is connected with a screw rod, the screw rod penetrates through a guide rod and is in threaded fit with the guide rod, and the top of the guide rod is rotatably connected with the transverse plate.
Through adopting the above technical scheme, the base has been used, the structure of frame is used for carrying out the installation of thief rod, the installation of guide bar has been realized to spout in the frame, the guide bar tip is connected with the thief rod, it drives the lead screw and rotates to have used driving motor, lead screw and guide bar carry out screw-thread fit, can drive guide bar and thief rod when the lead screw rotates and carry out vertical slip, because the screw-thread fit of lead screw has the auto-lock effect, and driving motor's rotation is convenient for control, can stop the rotation of driving motor and lead screw after rotating suitable height, make the actuating lever bottom stop at appointed degree of depth, can be comparatively accurate carry out the earth sample of assigned position.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: a movable groove is arranged on one side of the sampling rod, the sampler comprises a sampling shovel movably arranged in the movable groove, a storage groove is formed on the sampling shovel, and an inclined plane is formed at the end part of the sampling shovel; an electric push rod is arranged in the movable groove, and the end part of a movable rod of the electric push rod is connected with the sampling shovel.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, increased the structure of activity groove and sample shovel, the promotion through activity inslot electric putter makes the sample shovel remove in to earth, and the earth of final sample has entered into the storage tank, and electric putter resets and drives the sample shovel and enter into the activity groove again, has realized the sample of sampler to earth.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the end of the movable rod of the electric push rod is provided with an external thread, and the sampling shovel is provided with a thread groove which is matched with the thread of the movable rod.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the last shaping of electric putter has the structure of external screw thread to realize being connected between electric putter's movable rod and the sample shovel, because the two is screw-thread fit, can change the angle of sample shovel through the pivoted mode when using for earth in the storage tank is poured.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the shaping of sample rod top has the go-between, and the guide bar tip is provided with splint, and the shaping has on the splint with go-between complex arc wall, be provided with fastening screw on the splint, fastening screw and splint screw-thread fit support tightly with the go-between.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, used the structure of go-between and splint, realized the installation of thief rod between the guide bar, after the sampling of carrying out a mud, with fastening screw unscrewing, carry out the rotation of thief rod, can carry out the mud sampling of other positions of uniform height.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the four corners of base bottom is provided with the bracing piece, and the bracing piece bottom is rotated and is installed and remove the wheel.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the structure that has increased the bracing piece supports the base, uses the structure of removing the wheel to be convenient for carry out the removal of base.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: a movable plate is arranged between two support rods close to the end part of the base, a groove avoiding the movable wheel is formed in the bottom of the movable plate, and ground nails are installed on the movable plate in a threaded mode.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, increased the structure of fly leaf, the recess of fly leaf bottom provides the space for removing the wheel, and when the fly leaf position reduced, the structure that uses the ground nail inserted ground, has realized the connection between base and the ground for overall structure is more stable.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the movable plate is provided with a spring groove, a positioning rod is movably arranged in the spring groove, the top of the positioning rod is provided with a hole along the length direction, the hole is communicated with the outside, the positioning rod is provided with a vertical rod, and the vertical rod extends to the outside of the hole; a return spring is sleeved outside the positioning rod, and two ends of the return spring are respectively connected with the groove bottom of the spring groove and the vertical rod; the end part of the positioning rod extends to the outside of the spring groove, and a plurality of clamping grooves matched with the end part of the positioning rod are arranged on the supporting rod.
By adopting the technical scheme, the structure of the positioning rod is matched with the position of the clamping groove on the supporting rod, the end part of the positioning rod enters the clamping groove under the action of the reset spring, the connection between the movable plate and the supporting rod is realized, and the position of the movable plate is fixed; when the movable plate is detached, the vertical rod is pulled to enable the vertical rod to drive the positioning rod to horizontally move, the end portion of the positioning rod can be separated from the clamping groove, separation between the movable plate and the supporting rod is achieved, and the movable plate is convenient to move.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the riser side is provided with the scale mark, and the scale mark is arranged along riser length direction.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the structure that uses the scale mark can be surveyd the displacement of guide bar and actuating lever, and the height that needs gathered earth can more accurate removal.
To sum up, the utility model discloses a following at least one useful technological effect:
the structure of the base and the rack is used for installing the sampling rod, the guide rod is installed through the sliding groove in the rack, the end part of the guide rod is connected with the sampling rod, the screw rod is driven to rotate by the driving motor, the screw rod is in threaded fit with the guide rod, the guide rod and the sampling rod can be driven to vertically slide when the screw rod rotates, the threaded fit of the screw rod has a self-locking effect, the rotation of the driving motor is convenient to control, the rotation of the driving motor and the screw rod can be stopped after the driving motor rotates to a proper height, the bottom of the driving rod is stopped at a specified depth, and soil sampling at a specified position can be accurately performed;
the structure of the sampling shovel is used for sampling soil, the structure of the electric push rod can be used for pushing the sampling shovel to enter the soil to take out the soil, the structure of the connecting ring is added, the sampling rod can rotate, and the sampling of the soil with the same height and different angles is realized;
the structure of fly leaf has been increased and the structure of spring groove is increased at the tip of fly leaf, and the locating lever in the spring groove can stretch out under the effect of spring and has been acted on the draw-in groove and realized the location to the fly leaf, and the ground nail structure on the fly leaf has realized being connected of fly leaf and ground for overall structure is more stable.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the main structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the sampler of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the middle movable plate of the present invention.
Reference numerals: 1. a base; 2. a frame; 21. a vertical plate; 22. a transverse plate; 23. a screw rod; 24. a guide bar; 25. a drive motor; 26. a splint; 3. a sampling rod; 31. a drill bit; 32. a connecting ring; 4. a sampler; 41. an electric push rod; 42. sampling shovels; 43. a storage tank; 5. a support bar; 51. a card slot; 6. a movable plate; 61. a ground nail; 62. a spring slot; 63. positioning a rod; 64. a return spring; 65. a vertical rod; 66. an aperture.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1, for the utility model discloses a soil sampling device for geological survey, including base 1, fixed connection frame 2 on base 1 and establish the sampling mechanism on base 1.
Referring to fig. 1, sampling mechanism includes the thief rod 3 with base 1 swing joint, rotate the drill bit 31 of installing in thief rod 3 bottom, and install the sampler 4 in thief rod 3 one side, frame 2 includes two vertical risers 21 and the diaphragm 22 between the riser 21 top, and guide bar 24 is installed to thief rod 3 both sides, is provided with vertical spout on the riser 21, and guide bar 24 tip is provided with and slides along vertical direction with spout complex slider. The base 1 is provided with a driving motor 25, the driving motor 25 is connected with a screw rod 23, the screw rod 23 penetrates through a guide rod 24 and is in threaded fit with the guide rod 24, and the top of the guide rod 24 is rotatably connected with the transverse plate 22. Through driving motor 25's work, can drive lead screw 23 and rotate for the removal of vertical direction takes place for guide bar 24 and thief rod 3, and the drive mode of lead screw 23 has the effect of auto-lock, and the condition of being difficult for appearing the offset after the thief rod 3 is being driven and is being removed appointed position, the comparatively accurate earth sampling of carrying on of being convenient for. The riser 21 side is carved with the scale mark, and the scale mark is arranged along riser 21 length direction, compares the removal of sampling rod 3 through the structure of scale mark, is convenient for carry on comparatively accurate regulation.
Referring to fig. 1, a connection ring 32 is formed at the top of the sampling rod 3, a clamping plate 26 is arranged at the end of the guide rod 24, an arc-shaped groove matched with the connection ring 32 is formed on the clamping plate 26, and a fastening screw is arranged on the clamping plate 26 and is in threaded fit with the clamping plate 26 and is abutted against the connection ring 32. After the sampling rod 3 is moved to a proper position and sampling is performed for one time, the fastening screw is unscrewed, so that the sampling rod 3 can be rotated, and sampling can be performed at different positions with the same depth.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the sampler 4 has a structure that a movable groove is arranged on one side of the sampling rod 3, the sampler 4 comprises a sampling shovel 42 movably installed in the movable groove, a storage groove 43 is formed on the sampling shovel 42, and an inclined plane is formed at the end of the sampling shovel 42. An electric push rod 41 is arranged in the movable groove, and the end part of a movable rod of the electric push rod 41 is connected with a sampling shovel 42. The end of the movable rod of the electric push rod 41 is formed with an external thread, and the sampling shovel 42 is formed with a thread groove and is in thread fit with the movable rod. When sampling is completed and the sampling rod 3 is moved up to be restored, the soil in the storage groove 43 can be taken out by rotating the sampling shovel 42.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, a movable plate 6 is disposed between two support rods 5 near the end of the base 1, the movable plate 6 is sleeved on the support rods 5, and the movable plate 6 can slide along the support rods 5 in the vertical direction. The bottom of the movable plate 6 is provided with a groove avoiding the movable wheel, and the movable plate 6 is provided with a ground nail 61 through threads. After the movable plate 6 is close to the ground, the structure using the ground nail 61 can be fixed when entering the ground, and the stability of the whole structure is improved.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, the movable plate 6 is provided with a spring groove 62 along the length direction thereof, the spring groove 62 is movably provided with a positioning rod 63, the top of the positioning rod 63 is formed with a hole 66 along the length direction thereof, the hole 66 is communicated with the outside, the positioning rod 63 is provided with a vertical rod 65, and the vertical rod 65 extends to the outside of the hole 66. The outside cover of locating lever 63 is equipped with reset spring 64, and the tank bottom and the montant 65 of spring groove 62 are connected respectively to reset spring 64 both ends. The end part of the positioning rod 63 extends to the outside of the spring groove 62, a plurality of clamping grooves 51 matched with the end part of the positioning rod 63 are arranged on the supporting rod 5, the clamping grooves 51 are arranged along the length direction of the supporting rod 5, and the proper clamping grooves 51 and the end part of the positioning rod 63 are selected to be matched, so that the movable plate 6 is positioned. When the removal of needs carrying out movable plate 6, pulling montant 65 drives locating lever 63 horizontal migration, and locating lever 63 tip breaks away from draw-in groove 51, is convenient for carry out the vertical removal of movable plate 6 after the separation, when moving the position that corresponds with draw-in groove 51, loosens montant 65, can make locating lever 63 reset under reset spring 64's effect, and locating lever 63 tip and draw-in groove 51 cooperate, have realized being fixed once more of movable plate 6.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: base 1 has been used, the structure of frame 2 is used for carrying out the installation of thief rod 3, the installation of guide bar 24 has been realized to the spout in frame 2, 24 tip of guide bar are connected with thief rod 3, it rotates to have used driving motor 25 to drive lead screw 23, lead screw 23 and guide bar 24 carry out screw-thread fit, can drive guide bar 24 and thief rod 3 when lead screw 23 rotates and carry out vertical slip, because the screw-thread fit of lead screw 23 has the auto-lock effect, and driving motor 25's rotation is convenient for control, can stop driving motor 25 and lead screw 23's rotation after rotating suitable height, make the actuating lever bottom stop at appointed degree of depth, can be comparatively accurate carry out the earth sample of assigned position.
The embodiment of this specific implementation mode is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not limit according to this the utility model discloses a protection scope, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the utility model are covered within the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a geological survey uses earth sampling device, includes base (1), sets up frame (2) on base (1) and establishes the sampling mechanism on base (1), its characterized in that: the sampling mechanism comprises a sampling rod (3) movably connected with the base (1), a drill bit (31) rotatably installed at the bottom of the sampling rod (3) and a sampler (4) installed on one side of the sampling rod (3), the rack (2) comprises two vertical plates (21) and a transverse plate (22) between the tops of the vertical plates (21), guide rods (24) are arranged on two sides of the sampling rod (3), vertical sliding grooves are formed in the vertical plates (21), and sliding blocks matched with the sliding grooves are arranged at the end parts of the guide rods (24) and slide along the vertical direction; the base (1) is provided with a driving motor (25), the driving motor (25) is connected with a screw rod (23), the screw rod (23) penetrates through a guide rod (24) and is in threaded fit with the guide rod (24), and the top of the guide rod (24) is rotatably connected with the transverse plate (22).
2. A soil sampling device for geological surveying according to claim 1, wherein: a movable groove is arranged at one side of the sampling rod (3), the sampler (4) comprises a sampling shovel (42) movably arranged in the movable groove, a storage groove (43) is formed on the sampling shovel (42), and an inclined plane is formed at the end part of the sampling shovel (42); an electric push rod (41) is arranged in the movable groove, and the end part of a movable rod of the electric push rod (41) is connected with a sampling shovel (42).
3. A soil sampling device for geological surveying according to claim 2, wherein: the end part of a movable rod of the electric push rod (41) is formed with an external thread, and a sampling shovel (42) is formed with a thread groove and is matched with the thread of the movable rod.
4. A soil sampling device for geological surveying according to claim 1, wherein: sampling rod (3) top shaping has go-between (32), and guide bar (24) tip is provided with splint (26), and the shaping has the arc wall with go-between (32) complex on splint (26), is provided with fastening screw on splint (26), and fastening screw and splint (26) screw-thread fit support tightly with go-between (32).
5. A soil sampling device for geological surveying according to claim 1, wherein: the four corners of the bottom of the base (1) are provided with support rods (5), and the bottoms of the support rods (5) are rotatably provided with moving wheels.
6. A soil sampling device for geological surveying according to claim 5, wherein: a movable plate (6) is arranged between two support rods (5) close to the end part of the base (1), a groove avoiding the movable wheel is arranged at the bottom of the movable plate (6), and ground nails (61) are installed on the movable plate (6) in a threaded manner.
7. A soil sampling device for geological surveying according to claim 6, wherein: the movable plate (6) is provided with a spring groove (62), a positioning rod (63) is movably mounted in the spring groove (62), the top of the positioning rod (63) is provided with a first hole (66) along the length direction, the first hole (66) is communicated with the outside, the positioning rod (63) is provided with a vertical rod (65), and the vertical rod (65) extends to the outside of the first hole (66); a return spring (64) is sleeved outside the positioning rod (63), and two ends of the return spring (64) are respectively connected with the groove bottom of the spring groove (62) and the vertical rod (65); the end part of the positioning rod (63) extends to the outside of the spring groove (62), and a plurality of clamping grooves (51) matched with the end part of the positioning rod (63) are arranged on the supporting rod (5).
8. A soil sampling device for geological surveying according to claim 1, wherein: the side of the vertical plate (21) is provided with scale marks which are arranged along the length direction of the vertical plate (21).
CN202020998447.3U 2020-06-03 2020-06-03 Soil sampling device for geological survey Active CN212180324U (en)

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CN202020998447.3U CN212180324U (en) 2020-06-03 2020-06-03 Soil sampling device for geological survey

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020998447.3U CN212180324U (en) 2020-06-03 2020-06-03 Soil sampling device for geological survey

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113029652A (en) * 2021-03-11 2021-06-25 江西水星勘测院有限公司 Sampling equipment capable of accurately positioning depth for soil layer survey

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113029652A (en) * 2021-03-11 2021-06-25 江西水星勘测院有限公司 Sampling equipment capable of accurately positioning depth for soil layer survey

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Address after: No.13, Wulin men new village, Moganshan Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 310013

Patentee after: Hangzhou survey, design and Research Institute Co.,Ltd.

Address before: No.13, Wulin men new village, Moganshan Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 310013

Patentee before: HANGZHOU EXPLORATION DESIGN Research Institute

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder