CN212118467U - Multifunctional sickbed - Google Patents

Multifunctional sickbed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212118467U
CN212118467U CN202020267641.4U CN202020267641U CN212118467U CN 212118467 U CN212118467 U CN 212118467U CN 202020267641 U CN202020267641 U CN 202020267641U CN 212118467 U CN212118467 U CN 212118467U
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mattress
bed
patient
hospital bed
mattresses
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何习斯
张晓铃
邹志业
冯永文
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Shenzhen Second Peoples Hospital
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Shenzhen Second Peoples Hospital
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional sickbed, which belongs to the technical field of medical equipment. The method comprises the following steps: the bed comprises a bed plate, a plurality of mattresses arranged at the upper end of the bed plate and a vibrating device arranged at the lower end of the bed plate, wherein a plurality of limiting structures are arranged on the upper end surface of the bed plate along the width direction, and liftable bedrails are arranged on two sides of the bed plate in the width direction; the mattresses are detachably clamped on the limiting structure, the concave outline of each mattress is matched with the outline of a certain part of a patient, and in addition, the upper end surface of each mattress is selectively provided with a plurality of bulges; and a turnover mattress is arranged above the mattress, and the vibration device is arranged on the lower end surface of the bed board. The utility model provides a pair of multifunctional sickbed can carry out the adjustment of adaptability to the mattress according to patient's sex and size and change, promotes the comfort level of patient when pronating, can assist the patient to stand up simultaneously, and can provide the massage to alleviate medical personnel's working strength.

Description

Multifunctional sickbed
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of medical equipment, in particular to a multifunctional sickbed.
Background
The prone position ventilation is one of means for supporting and treating patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), and is characterized in that when the critically ill patients are subjected to mechanical ventilation, the patients are placed in the prone position to expand lungs in areas with prolapsed lungs, so that the proportion of ventilation and blood flow perfusion is improved, and the purpose of improving oxygenation is achieved.
At present, a hospital bed is one of indispensable devices for critically ill ARDS patients, but the existing hospital bed still has defects in the using process, especially for patients needing prone position ventilation. Firstly, the prone position ventilation generally needs to be carried out for more than 12 hours every day, and the pressure injury probability is higher in the long-time prone position; secondly, 4-6 medical staff are needed to assist the patient in turning over, and particularly, the risk of contact infection of the medical staff is increased for the patient with infectivity, such as a severe patient with novel coronary viral pneumonia; thirdly, the prone position ventilation has higher requirements on pipeline nursing, such as keeping the pipeline smooth and preventing accidental pipe drawing. However, the existing hospital bed is not specially designed for such patients, does not utilize the recovery of the patients, and is easy to cause skin pressure injuries related to face, shoulders, bilateral breasts (female), ilium, knee, lower leg, bony prominences and catheter compression because the probability of pressure sores is greater than that of ordinary people, and the most main reason is that the hospital bed is in long-time contact with the local skin of the patients to cause tissue ulceration and necrosis due to continuous ischemia and oxygen deficiency. Therefore, a special sickbed is needed to reduce the occurrence of the prone position ventilation pressure injury and facilitate clinical use.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the multifunctional sickbed aims to provide a multifunctional sickbed which can adjust and replace the mattress adaptively according to the sex and the body type of a patient, improve the comfort level of the patient when the patient lies prone, provide massage and assist in turning over so as to reduce the working strength of medical staff.
The specific technical scheme is as follows:
a multifunctional sickbed mainly comprises: bed board, a plurality of mattresses, upset mattress, a lifting mechanism for upset mattress lifts, a rotary mechanism for upset mattress upset and install the vibrating device at the bed board lower extreme, the up end of bed board is provided with a plurality of limit structure along width direction, and the width direction's of bed board both sides are provided with the bedrail of liftable, and the edge of bed board width direction both sides has been seted up in addition and has been accomodate the slot hole, and the spout has still been seted up at the edge of bed board length direction both sides. The mattresses are detachably clamped on the limiting structure, the concave outline of each mattress is matched with the outline of a certain part of a patient, and in addition, the upper end surface of each mattress is selectively provided with a plurality of bulges. The upset mattress sets up in the top of a plurality of mattresses, and the up end of upset mattress is provided with a plurality of bandage structures. The lifting mechanisms are respectively arranged in the sliding grooves at the two ends of the bed board and can slide along the length direction of the sliding grooves. The rotating mechanisms are respectively arranged at the end parts of the lifting mechanisms, the rotating mechanisms are connected with the two ends of the turning mattress in the length direction, and the turning mattress can rotate along the axis between the two rotating mechanisms. The vibrating device is arranged on the lower end face of the bed plate.
The multifunctional sickbed is characterized by further comprising a controller, wherein the controller is arranged at the corner of the bed board and is in signal connection with the lifting mechanism and the rotating mechanism respectively.
In the multifunctional sickbed, the lifting mechanism is one of an air cylinder, an electric cylinder and a hydraulic cylinder, and the rotating mechanism is a driving motor and a speed reducer.
In the multifunctional sickbed, each mattress is a whole or divided into a left mattress and a right mattress.
Among the foretell multifunctional hospital bed, still have such characteristic, still include the massage layer, massage layer detachably installs on each mattress, and massage layer is provided with a plurality of archs towards patient's one side, and massage layer and mattress adopt the silica gel material towards patient's one side in addition.
In foretell multi-functional sick bed, still have such characteristic, a plurality of mattresses include head mattress, chest mattress, belly mattress, ilium mattress and shank mattress in proper order, all offer the standing groove that is used for placing patient's health intubate on each mattress.
In the above-mentioned multifunctional hospital bed, still have such characteristic, wherein the head mattress is seted up the through-hole that runs through, and the chest mattress divide into male chest mattress and woman style chest mattress, and the abdomen mattress divide into slimming size abdomen mattress and fat size abdomen mattress, and the ilium mattress includes male ilium mattress and woman style ilium mattress, and the shank mattress includes single slot type shank mattress and double flute type shank mattress.
In the multifunctional sickbed, the bed plate is also provided with a through hole, the through hole of the bed plate is opposite to the through hole of the head mattress, and a receiving basin is arranged below the through hole of the bed plate.
The multifunctional sickbed is characterized by further comprising a plurality of bed legs, each bed leg is connected with the lower end face edge of the bed plate, and each bed leg comprises a longitudinal displacement actuator.
In the multifunctional sickbed, the longitudinal displacement actuator is one of an air cylinder, an electric cylinder and a hydraulic cylinder.
The positive effects of the technical scheme are as follows:
the utility model provides a multifunctional sickbed, which provides mattresses of different types, and can adjust and change the mattresses adaptively according to the sex and body type of patients, so as to improve the comfort level of the patients when lying on the stomach; the patient can be massaged by using the bulges and the vibration device of the mattress, so that the working intensity of medical staff is reduced; through upset mattress, lifting mechanism and rotary mechanism, can assist the patient and stand up, simple structure, convenient to use reduces medical personnel's the work degree of difficulty.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a first schematic structural view of an embodiment of a multifunctional hospital bed of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a multifunctional hospital bed according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a mattress part in an embodiment of a multifunctional hospital bed of the present invention.
In the drawings: 1. a bed board; 2. a mattress; 21. a head mattress; 22. a chest mattress; 23. an abdominal mattress; 24. an iliac mattress; 25. a leg mattress; 3. a bed fence; 31. a rail; 32. a column; 4. turning over the mattress; 41. a strap structure; 5. a controller; 6. a vibrating device; 7. bed legs; 8. a longitudinal displacement actuator; 9. basin receiving; 10. a housing slot hole; 11. a lifting mechanism; 12. and a rotating mechanism.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, creation features, achievement purposes and effects of the present invention easy to understand, the following embodiments are specifically illustrated with reference to fig. 1 to 3.
In this multifunctional hospital bed, the up end of bed board 1 is provided with a plurality of limit structure along width direction, generally be spacing draw-in groove or spacing protruding muscle, be used for being connected with mattress 2, and the width direction's of bed board 1 both sides are provided with liftable's bedrail 3, general bedrail 3 includes a horizontal bar 31 and a plurality of longitudinal bar 32, horizontal bar 31 is parallel with the length direction of bed board 1, the both ends of each longitudinal bar 32 are articulated with horizontal bar 31, 1 border of bed board respectively, can shake up bedrail 3 when the patient lies on the hospital bed or stands up, or can put down bedrail 3 when the patient needs to get off the bed. In addition, the edges of the two sides of the width direction of the bed board are provided with accommodating long holes which can be used for accommodating vertically placed rotary mattresses, and the edges of the two sides of the length direction of the bed board are also provided with sliding grooves which can be used for sliding of a lifting mechanism, so that the position of the rotary mattress in the width direction of the bed board can be adjusted.
A plurality of 2 detachably joints of mattress are on limit structure, 2 below of mattress generally are hard material, and 2 below of mattress is provided with spacing protruding muscle or spacing draw-in groove, and the sunken profile of each mattress 2 suits with a certain position profile of patient, each mattress 2 can regard as optional module, according to patient's sex and size characteristic, select different mattress 2, it is comfortable comparatively to laminate when making the patient lie prostrate on the sick bed, in addition the up end of each mattress 2 optionally is provided with a plurality of archs (not shown in the figure), can be used as the massage of patient and the skin of 2 contact departments of mattress, prevent that patient's skin from producing and pressing the sore.
The turning mattress 4 is disposed above the plurality of mattresses 2, wherein a general patient can lie on his back to rest on the turning mattress 4, and a special patient can lie on his stomach to rest on the mattress 2, the upper end surface of the turning mattress 4 is provided with a plurality of strap structures 41, the strap structures 41 are used for fixing the patient lying on the turning mattress 4 when the turning mattress 4 is turned over, so that the patient turns over together with the turning mattress 4, so that the patient faces the mattress 2, generally, the strap structures 41 include chest straps, abdomen straps, waist straps, and leg straps, so that the patient can be fixed in multiple, the lifting mechanisms 11 are respectively disposed in sliding grooves (not shown) at both ends of the bed plate 1 and can slide along the length direction of the sliding grooves, generally, the lifting mechanism 11 is disposed at the middle of the sliding grooves, when the turning mattress 4 needs to be longitudinally stored, the lifting mechanism 11 moves toward the storage slot 10 of the bed plate 1, the flip-up mattress 4 is then placed into the receiving slot 10. The rotating mechanisms 12 are respectively arranged at the end parts of the lifting mechanisms 11, the rotating mechanisms 12 are connected with the middle parts of the two ends of the turning mattress 4 in the length direction, and the turning mattress 4 can rotate along the axis between the two rotating mechanisms 12, so that the patient can be turned over, the patient faces to the mattress 2, and the turning mattress 4 is used for assisting the patient to turn over.
The vibration device 6 is arranged on the lower end face of the bed plate 1, and the preferred vibration device 6 is a conventional vibrator which is matched with the bulge on the upper end face of the mattress 2 to massage the skin of the patient.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the bed further comprises a controller 5, the controller 5 is disposed at a corner of the bed plate 1, and the controller 5 is in signal connection with the lifting mechanism 11 and the rotating mechanism 12 respectively. The medical staff can control the lifting of the lifting mechanism 11 and the rotation angle of the rotating mechanism 12 through the controller 5, the controller 5 comprises a lifting key, a descending key, a left moving key and a right moving key for controlling the lifting mechanism 11 and a left rotating key and a right rotating key for controlling the rotating mechanism 12, and the whole control is simpler.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the lifting mechanism 11 is one of a cylinder, an electric cylinder and a hydraulic cylinder, preferably an electric cylinder, the rotating mechanism 12 is a driving motor and a reducer, and the driving motor, the reducer and the electric cylinder are electrically connected to an external power supply.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, each mattress 2 is a whole or divided into two pieces, each mattress 2 can be embedded from one side of the width direction of the bed board 1 to complete the installation, the installation is convenient, but the comfort of the patient is poor in the installation process, or each mattress 2 can be divided into two pieces, each left and right, to complete the installation from the two sides of the width direction of the bed board 1, the installation is troublesome, but the comfort and the adaptability of the patient are good in the installation process.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the massage bed further comprises a massage layer (not shown in the figure), the massage layer is detachably mounted on each mattress 2, the massage layer can be mounted on the mattress 2 when massage is needed, the massage layer can be detached from the mattress 2 when the massage is finished, a plurality of bulges are arranged on one side of the massage layer facing a patient, the bulges can be generally hemispherical or cylindrical, and the side of the massage layer and the side of the mattress 2 facing the patient are made of silica gel, so that the massage bed is soft and has good skin-friendly performance.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the plurality of mattresses 2 sequentially comprises a head mattress 21, a chest mattress 22, an abdomen mattress 23, an ilium mattress 24 and a leg mattress 25, wherein a recess for placing an arm is further provided on the general head mattress 21, and the specific division into the parts is designed to be replaceable mainly considering that the parts have large difference due to the difference of gender and size. The standing groove that is used for placing patient's health intubate all is offered on each mattress, generally needs the supplementary patient that stands up for severe patient, often has supplementary intubate on the health, needs have seted up the standing groove on the mattress, reserves the position of placing for supplementary intubate.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the head mattress 21 is provided with a through hole for normal breathing when the patient lies prone, the chest mattress 22 is divided into a male chest mattress and a female chest mattress, the abdomen mattress 23 is divided into a slimming abdomen mattress and an obese abdomen mattress, the ilium mattress 24 comprises a male ilium mattress and a female ilium mattress, the leg mattress 25 comprises a single-groove leg mattress and a double-groove leg mattress, and the mattresses 2 of each part can be replaced and adjusted according to the sex and the body type of the patient, so as to increase the comfort level of the patient when lying prone.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the bed plate 1 is also provided with a through hole, the through hole of the bed plate 1 is opposite to the through hole of the head mattress 21, and the receiving basin 9 is arranged below the through hole of the bed plate 1, when a patient lies prone, the face of the patient can face the receiving basin 9, when the patient vomits, the receiving basin 9 can be used for collection, and the use is convenient.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the bed further comprises a plurality of bed legs 7, each bed leg 7 is connected with the lower end edge of the bed board 1, each bed leg 7 comprises a longitudinal displacement actuator 8, the bed legs 7 are further divided into an upper part and a lower part, one end of the longitudinal displacement actuator 8 is connected with the upper part of the bed leg, and the other end of the longitudinal displacement actuator 8 is connected with the lower part of the bed leg. The lifting of the sickbed can be controlled by controlling the extension and retraction of the longitudinal displacement actuator 8 so as to meet the use requirements of different patients, and further, a controller is arranged on the edge of the sickbed and used for controlling the lifting of the longitudinal displacement actuator 8.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the longitudinal displacement actuator 8 is one of a pneumatic cylinder, an electric cylinder and a hydraulic cylinder, preferably an electric cylinder, and has a simple structure without other auxiliary equipment. The electric cylinder is connected with an external power supply.
In the following description, a specific embodiment is described, and it should be noted that the structures, processes and materials described in the following embodiment are only used to illustrate the feasibility of the embodiment, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
This multifunctional hospital bed is provided with the mattress that can dismantle the change on the bed board, the mattress mainly includes head mattress, chest mattress, belly mattress, ilium mattress and shank mattress, detachably is provided with the massage layer on each mattress, bed board width direction's both sides are provided with the bedrail of liftable, and be provided with the accessory plate on the horizontal bar, the terminal surface of accessory plate is provided with a plurality of bracing pieces, the through-hole has been seted up with this department bed board to head mattress, and the below of bed board through-hole is provided with and connects the basin, in addition the footpost includes an electric jar that is used for flexible. Can be suitable for patients with different sexes and different body types, so as to improve the comfort level of the prone position of the patient, a turnover mattress is arranged above the mattress which can be disassembled and replaced, the common patient can lie on the back to rest on the turnover mattress, at the moment, the turnover mattress does not rise and is attached to the mattress, the special patient needs to lie on the prone position, the patient can lie on the back on the turnover mattress at first, then the patient and the turnover mattress are fixed through a binding belt structure, then the lifting mechanism is extended through controlling a controller, the turnover mattress is lifted, enough turnover space is reserved between the turnover mattress and the mattress, then the rotating mechanism is rotated through controlling the controller, thereby the patient and the turnover mattress are turned over, a small amount of medical personnel is needed for auxiliary operation in the process, when the patient is completely turned over, the turnover mattress slowly falls down, the patient lies on the mattress, and then the binding belt structure is loosened, and finally, the turnover mattress is moved to one side of the bed plate by the movable lifting structure, so that the turnover mattress continuously falls down in a vertical posture and falls into the containing long hole on one side of the bed plate to be contained. When the patient no longer needs to lie on the stomach, the turnover mattress can be taken out from the containing long hole, so that the working strength of medical staff can be reduced.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of the invention, and it should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that various equivalent substitutions and obvious changes made in the specification and drawings should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A multi-function hospital bed, comprising:
the bed board is provided with a plurality of limiting structures along the width direction on the upper end surface, and liftable bedrails are arranged on two sides of the width direction of the bed board;
the mattresses are detachably clamped on the limiting structure, the concave outline of each mattress is matched with the outline of a certain part of a patient, and the upper end surface of each mattress is selectively provided with a plurality of bulges;
the turnover mattress is arranged above the mattresses, and the upper end surface of the turnover mattress is provided with a plurality of bandage structures;
the lifting mechanisms are respectively arranged in the sliding grooves at the two ends of the bed plate and can slide along the length direction of the sliding grooves;
the rotating mechanisms are respectively arranged at the end parts of the lifting mechanisms, the rotating mechanisms are connected with the two ends of the turning mattress in the length direction, and the turning mattress can rotate along the axis between the two rotating mechanisms;
the vibrating device is arranged on the lower end face of the bed plate.
2. The multifunctional hospital bed of claim 1, further comprising a controller disposed at a corner of the bed board, wherein the controller is in signal connection with the lifting mechanism and the rotating mechanism, respectively.
3. The multifunctional hospital bed of claim 2, wherein the lifting mechanism is one of a pneumatic cylinder, an electric cylinder and a hydraulic cylinder, and the rotating mechanism is a driving motor and a speed reducer.
4. The multifunctional hospital bed of claim 1, wherein each of said mattresses is one piece or divided into left and right pieces.
5. The multifunctional hospital bed according to claim 1, further comprising a massage layer detachably mounted on each of the mattresses, wherein a plurality of protrusions are disposed on one side of the massage layer facing the patient, and the massage layer and the side of the mattress facing the patient are made of silica gel.
6. The multifunctional hospital bed according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of mattresses comprise a head mattress, a chest mattress, an abdomen mattress, an ilium mattress and a leg mattress in sequence, each mattress being provided with a placement groove for placing a body cannula of a patient.
7. The multifunctional hospital bed of claim 6, wherein the head mattress is provided with through holes therethrough, the chest mattress is divided into a male chest mattress and a female chest mattress, the abdomen mattress is divided into a slimming abdomen mattress and a fat abdomen mattress, the ilium mattress comprises a male ilium mattress and a female ilium mattress, and the leg mattress comprises a single-groove leg mattress and a double-groove leg mattress.
8. The multifunctional hospital bed of claim 7, wherein the bed board is also provided with a through hole, the through hole of the bed board is opposite to the through hole of the head mattress, and a basin is arranged below the through hole of the bed board.
9. The multifunctional hospital bed of claim 1, further comprising a plurality of legs, each of said legs being connected to a lower end edge of said bed plate, and each of said legs comprising a longitudinal displacement actuator.
10. The multi-function hospital bed of claim 9, wherein said longitudinal displacement actuator is one of a pneumatic cylinder, an electric cylinder and a hydraulic cylinder.
CN202020267641.4U 2020-03-06 2020-03-06 Multifunctional sickbed Active CN212118467U (en)

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CN202020267641.4U CN212118467U (en) 2020-03-06 2020-03-06 Multifunctional sickbed

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020267641.4U CN212118467U (en) 2020-03-06 2020-03-06 Multifunctional sickbed

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CN212118467U true CN212118467U (en) 2020-12-11

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CN202020267641.4U Active CN212118467U (en) 2020-03-06 2020-03-06 Multifunctional sickbed

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112315728A (en) * 2021-01-04 2021-02-05 北京彼岸鸿侨医疗科技有限公司 Human body ecological operation frame for prostration

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112315728A (en) * 2021-01-04 2021-02-05 北京彼岸鸿侨医疗科技有限公司 Human body ecological operation frame for prostration
WO2022141609A1 (en) * 2021-01-04 2022-07-07 北京彼岸鸿桥医疗科技有限公司 Human body ecological operating frame for prone position

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