CN211707034U - Building afforestation waste treatment device - Google Patents

Building afforestation waste treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211707034U
CN211707034U CN201921654874.3U CN201921654874U CN211707034U CN 211707034 U CN211707034 U CN 211707034U CN 201921654874 U CN201921654874 U CN 201921654874U CN 211707034 U CN211707034 U CN 211707034U
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wall
box
box body
crushing
motor
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CN201921654874.3U
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马瑞
张萍
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a building landscaping waste treatment device in the technical field of landscaping, which comprises a box body, wherein the top of the box body is provided with two groups of feed inlets with the same structure, the upper part of the inner wall of the box body is transversely provided with a crushing shaft, the left end of the crushing shaft is rotationally connected with the box body through a bearing, the right end of the crushing shaft penetrates through the box body and is connected with the power end of a first motor, the bottom of the first motor is connected with a mounting plate, the left end of the mounting plate is connected on the outer wall of the box body, the outer wall of the crushing shaft is uniformly provided with crushing knives, both sides of the inner wall of the box body are obliquely and downwards provided with guide plates, and the two groups of guide plates are all positioned below the crushing knives, the waste can be preliminarily crushed by the crushing knives, and the crushed waste is secondarily crushed, can fully crush the waste, thereby being convenient for the waste treatment in the later period.

Description

Building afforestation waste treatment device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an afforestation technical field specifically is a building afforestation waste disposal device.
Background
Landscaping waste refers to withering or artificially trimming produced withered branches, fallen leaves, grass scraps, flowers and aborts, trees and shrub pruning and other plant residues of landscape plants, is one of municipal solid waste, along with the rapid development of urban landscaping, the total amount of landscaping waste also increases year by year, traditional building landscaping waste treatment device is not sufficient to the crushing of discarded object, the post processing of being not convenient for, and can't wash the inner wall of device, influence the result of use of device, for this reason, we propose a building landscaping waste treatment device.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a building afforestation waste treatment device to solve the problem that proposes in the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a building landscaping waste treatment device comprises a box body, wherein two groups of feed inlets with the same structure are arranged at the top of the box body, a crushing shaft is transversely arranged on the upper part of the inner wall of the box body, the left end of the crushing shaft is rotatably connected with the box body through a bearing, the right end of the crushing shaft penetrates through the box body and is connected to the power end of a first motor, the bottom of the first motor is connected with a mounting plate, the left end of the mounting plate is connected to the outer wall of the box body, crushing knives are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the crushing shaft, guide plates are obliquely and downwardly arranged on two sides of the inner wall of the box body and are positioned below the crushing knives, filter cylinders are connected to opposite sides of the two groups of guide plates, a crushing device is arranged in the box body and is positioned in the filter cylinders, inclined plates which are obliquely and downwardly inclined are hinged on, the inclined plate is positioned below the filter cartridge, the bottom end of the inclined plate is provided with a supporting block, the bottom end of the supporting block is connected with a telescopic device, the bottom end of the telescopic device is connected to the outer wall of the top of the transmission cylinder, the bottom end of the transmission cylinder penetrates through the box body and is communicated with the conveying box, the top of the conveying box is connected to the outer wall of the box body, a rotating shaft is transversely arranged in the conveying box, the outer wall of the rotating shaft is provided with a spiral blade, the left end of the rotating shaft penetrates through the conveying box and is connected with the power end of a second motor, the bottom of the second motor is connected with an installation seat, the right end of the installation seat is connected to the outer wall of the conveying box, the right end of the conveying box is provided with a discharge port which inclines downwards, the periphery of the bottom of the conveying box is provided with, the left water inlet of water pump is connected with the inlet tube, the bottom of inlet tube and the left side bottom intercommunication of water tank, the delivery port at water pump top is connected with the outlet pipe, the bottom intercommunication of outlet pipe has the same shower nozzle of two sets of structures, and two sets of the bottom of shower nozzle all runs through the box.
Preferably, reducing mechanism includes that the level sets up two sets of crushing rollers that the structure is the same, and is two sets of evenly be provided with crushing tooth on crushing roller's the outer wall, it is two sets of crushing roller front end's pivot all is rotated with the box through the bearing and is connected, the left side crushing roller rear end's pivot runs through the power end that the box was connected with the third motor, the right side crushing roller rear end's pivot runs through the power end that the box was connected with the fourth motor, the bottom of third motor and fourth motor all is passed through bolted connection on the outer wall of box.
Preferably, the telescopic device comprises a movable rod connected to the bottom of the supporting block, the bottom end of the movable rod is connected with the inner wall of the fixed rod in a sliding mode, the bottom end of the fixed rod is connected to the outer wall of the transmission cylinder, a supporting spring sleeved on the outer wall of the fixed rod is arranged at the top of the transmission cylinder, and the top end of the supporting spring is connected to the outer wall of the supporting block.
Preferably, buffer base is including connecting the fixed block in the delivery box bottom, the bottom of fixed block evenly is provided with buffer spring, and buffer spring's bottom is connected on the inner wall of base, the both ends of base all are provided with the backup pad, the top of backup pad is provided with the spout, the inside one end of keeping away from the fixed block of spout is provided with the answer spring, the one end that the answer spring is close to the fixed block is connected with the slider, and slider and spout sliding connection, the top of slider articulates there is the connecting rod, the top of connecting rod articulates on the outer wall of fixed block.
Preferably, an observation window is arranged on the outer wall of the front side of the water tank, and a water adding pipe is arranged at the top of the left side of the water tank.
Preferably, the bottom of the inner wall of the base is uniformly provided with guide posts, and the buffer springs are respectively sleeved on the outer walls of the guide posts.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. the waste can be primarily crushed by the crushing cutter, and after the crushed waste is filtered by the filter cartridge, the crushed waste can be secondarily crushed by the crushing teeth, so that the waste can be fully crushed, and the later-stage waste treatment is facilitated;
2. the water pump, the water tank, the water inlet pipe, the water outlet pipe and the spray head are arranged, so that the inner wall of the box body can be conveniently cleaned, and the use of the device is prevented from being influenced;
3. through being provided with the delivery box, be convenient for discharge and smash abundant discarded object, improved work efficiency, through the flexible of buffer spring with answer spring, the vibration of the buffer of being convenient for smash the in-process has improved the life of device, through being provided with movable rod, dead lever and supporting spring for when the discarded object falls on the swash plate, can make the swash plate vibration, thereby can accelerate the speed that the discarded object got into the delivery box, further improved work efficiency.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the crushing device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the telescopic device of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic side view of the structure of the buffer base of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a box body; 2. a feed inlet; 3. a crushing shaft; 4. a first motor; 5. a crushing knife; 6. a guide plate; 7. a filter cartridge; 8. a crushing device; 81. a crushing roller; 82. crushing teeth; 83. a third motor; 84. a fourth motor; 9. a sloping plate; 10. a support block; 11. a telescoping device; 111. a movable rod; 112. fixing the rod; 113. a support spring; 12. a transfer drum; 13. a delivery box; 14. a helical blade; 15. a second motor; 16. a discharge port; 17. a buffer base; 171. a fixed block; 172. a buffer spring; 173. a base; 174. a support plate; 175. a return spring; 176. a slider; 177. a connecting rod; 18. a water tank; 19. a water pump; 20. a water inlet pipe; 21. a water outlet pipe; 22. and (4) a spray head.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The utility model provides a technical scheme: a building landscaping waste treatment device, please refer to figure 1, which comprises a box body 1, wherein the top of the box body 1 is provided with two groups of feed inlets 2 with the same structure, the feeding efficiency can be improved, the upper part of the inner wall of the box body 1 is transversely provided with a crushing shaft 3, the left end of the crushing shaft 3 is rotatably connected with the box body 1 through a bearing, the right end of the crushing shaft 3 penetrates through the box body 1 and is connected with the power end of a first motor 4, the bottom of the first motor 4 is connected with a mounting plate, the left end of the mounting plate is connected on the outer wall of the box body 1, the first motor 4 is controlled by an external power switch, crushing knives 5 are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the crushing shaft 3, guide plates 6 are obliquely and downwards arranged on two sides of the inner wall of the box body 1, the two groups of guide plates 6 are both positioned below the crushing knives 5, the opposite, the crushing device 8 is positioned inside the filter cylinder 7, waste is fed from the feeding hole 2, the crushing shaft 3 is driven to rotate through the first motor 4, the crushing knife 5 is used for primarily crushing the waste, the primarily crushed waste enters the filter cylinder 7 and is secondarily crushed through the crushing device 8;
referring to fig. 1, inclined plates 9 inclined downward are hinged on both sides of the inner wall of a box body 1, the inclined plates 9 are located below a filter cartridge 7, a support block 10 is arranged at the bottom end of each inclined plate 9, a telescopic device 11 is connected at the bottom end of each support block 10, the bottom end of each telescopic device 11 is connected to the outer wall of the top of a transmission cylinder 12, the bottom end of each transmission cylinder 12 penetrates through the box body 1 and is communicated with a conveying box 13, the top of the conveying box 13 is connected to the outer wall of the box body 1, a rotating shaft is transversely arranged inside the conveying box 13, a helical blade 14 is arranged on the outer wall of the rotating shaft, the left end of the rotating shaft penetrates through the conveying box 13 and is connected with a power end of a second motor 15, the bottom of the second motor 15 is connected with a mounting seat, the right end of the mounting seat is connected to the outer wall of the conveying box, the periphery of the bottom of the conveying box 13 is provided with a buffer base 17, and the rotating shaft is driven to rotate by a second motor 15, so that the spiral blades 14 push the waste out of the discharge hole 16;
please refer to fig. 1, a water tank 18 is arranged at the top of the left side of the tank body 1, a water pump 19 is installed at the top end of the water tank 18, the water pump 19 is controlled by an external power switch, a water inlet pipe 20 is connected to the left water inlet of the water pump 19, the bottom end of the water inlet pipe 20 is communicated with the left bottom end of the water tank 18, a water outlet pipe 21 is connected to the water outlet at the top of the water pump 19, two groups of spray heads 22 with the same structure are communicated with the bottom of the water outlet pipe 21, the bottom ends of the two groups of spray heads 22 all penetrate through the tank body 1, the water pump 19 pumps out water in.
Referring to fig. 2, the crushing device 8 includes two groups of crushing rollers 81 with the same structure, which are horizontally arranged, crushing teeth 82 are uniformly arranged on the outer walls of the two groups of crushing rollers 81, the rotating shafts at the front ends of the two groups of crushing rollers 81 are rotatably connected with the box body 1 through bearings, the rotating shaft at the rear end of the left crushing roller 81 penetrates through the box body 1 and is connected with the power end of a third motor 83, the rotating shaft at the rear end of the right crushing roller 81 penetrates through the box body 1 and is connected with the power end of a fourth motor 84, the bottoms of the third motor 83 and the fourth motor 84 are connected on the outer wall of the box body 1 through bolts, the third motor 83 and the fourth motor 84 are controlled by an external power switch, and the crushing teeth 82 on the two groups of crushing rollers 81 can crush the waste for the second time through the forward rotation of the third motor 83 and the reverse rotation of the fourth motor;
referring to fig. 3, the telescopic device 11 includes a movable rod 111 connected to the bottom of the supporting block 10, the bottom end of the movable rod 111 is slidably connected to the inner wall of a fixed rod 112, the bottom end of the fixed rod 112 is connected to the outer wall of the conveying cylinder 12, a supporting spring 113 sleeved on the outer wall of the fixed rod 112 is arranged at the top of the conveying cylinder 12, and the top end of the supporting spring 113 is connected to the outer wall of the supporting block 10, the fixed rod 112 and the movable rod 111 can prevent the supporting spring 113 from bending when the supporting spring 113 is telescopic, and the inclined plate 9 can vibrate when waste falls onto the inclined plate 9 through the supporting spring 113, so that the speed of the waste entering the conveying box 13 can be increased, and the;
referring to fig. 4, the buffer base 17 includes a fixed block 171 connected to the bottom of the conveying box 13, buffer springs 172 are uniformly arranged at the bottom of the fixed block 171, the bottom ends of the buffer springs 172 are connected to the inner wall of the base 173, support plates 174 are arranged at both ends of the base 173, a chute is arranged at the top of each support plate 174, a return spring 175 is arranged at one end, far away from the fixed block 171, inside the chute, one end, close to the fixed block 171, of each return spring 175 is connected with a sliding block 176, the sliding block 176 is slidably connected with the chute, a connecting rod 177 is hinged to the top of each sliding block 176, the top end of each connecting rod 177 is hinged to the outer wall of the corresponding fixed block 171, when the box body 1 vibrates, the fixed block 171 moves downward, so that the buffer;
referring to fig. 1, an observation window is arranged on the outer wall of the front side of the water tank 18 to facilitate understanding of the amount of water in the water tank 18, and a water adding pipe is arranged at the top of the left side of the water tank 18 and used for adding water into the water tank 18;
referring to fig. 4, the bottom of the inner wall of the base 173 is uniformly provided with guide posts, and the buffer springs 172 are respectively sleeved on the outer walls of the guide posts to prevent the buffer springs 172 from bending when they extend.
The working principle is as follows: when the waste crushing device is used, waste is put into the feeding hole 2, the crushing shaft 3 is driven to rotate by the first motor 4, the crushing cutter 5 is used for primarily crushing the waste, the primarily crushed waste enters the inside of the filter cylinder 7, the crushing teeth 82 on the two groups of crushing rollers 81 can be used for secondarily extruding and crushing the waste by the forward rotation of the third motor 83 and the reverse rotation of the fourth motor 84, so that the waste is crushed fully, the inclined plate 9 can vibrate when the waste falls onto the inclined plate 9 by the supporting spring 113, the speed of the waste entering the conveying box 13 can be increased, the working efficiency is further improved, the fully crushed waste enters the conveying box 13 by the conveying cylinder 12, the rotating shaft is driven to rotate by the second motor 15, the spiral blades 14 push the fully crushed waste out from the discharging hole 16, and the water in the water tank 18 is pumped out by the water pump 19 through the water inlet pipe 20, the inner wall of the box body 1 can be cleaned through the spray head 22 at the bottom of the water outlet pipe 21, and the use is convenient.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a building afforestation waste treatment device, includes box (1), its characterized in that: the top of the box body (1) is provided with two groups of feed inlets (2) with the same structure, the upper part of the inner wall of the box body (1) is transversely provided with a crushing shaft (3), the left end of the crushing shaft (3) is rotatably connected with the box body (1) through a bearing, the right end of the crushing shaft (3) penetrates through the box body (1) and is connected with the power end of a first motor (4), the bottom of the first motor (4) is connected with a mounting plate, the left end of the mounting plate is connected with the outer wall of the box body (1), crushing knives (5) are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the crushing shaft (3), guide plates (6) are obliquely and downwards arranged on two sides of the inner wall of the box body (1), the guide plates (6) are both located below the crushing knives (5), the opposite sides of the guide plates (6) are connected with filter cartridges (7), a crushing device (8) is arranged in the box body (, the crushing device (8) is positioned inside the filter cartridge (7), inclined plates (9) which are inclined downwards are hinged to two sides of the inner wall of the box body (1), the inclined plates (9) are positioned below the filter cartridge (7), supporting blocks (10) are arranged at the bottom ends of the inclined plates (9), telescopic devices (11) are connected to the bottom ends of the supporting blocks (10), the bottom ends of the telescopic devices (11) are connected to the outer wall of the top of the conveying cylinder (12), the bottom end of the conveying cylinder (12) penetrates through the box body (1) and is communicated with the conveying box (13), the top of the conveying box (13) is connected to the outer wall of the box body (1), a rotating shaft is transversely arranged inside the conveying box (13), spiral blades (14) are arranged on the outer wall of the rotating shaft, and the left end of the rotating shaft penetrates through the conveying box (13) and is connected with the power end of a second motor (15, the bottom of second motor (15) is connected with the mount pad, and the right-hand member of mount pad is connected on the outer wall of delivery box (13), the right-hand member of delivery box (13) is provided with slope decurrent discharge gate (16), the bottom of delivery box (13) is located all around and all is provided with buffer base (17), the left side top of box (1) is provided with water tank (18), water pump (19) are installed on the top of water tank (18), the left water inlet of water pump (19) is connected with inlet tube (20), the bottom of inlet tube (20) and the left side bottom intercommunication of water tank (18), the delivery port at water pump (19) top is connected with outlet pipe (21), the bottom intercommunication of outlet pipe (21) has two sets of shower nozzles (22) that the structure is the same, and two sets of box (1) all run through to the bottom of shower nozzle.
2. The apparatus for treating wastes from landscaping of a building as claimed in claim 1, wherein: reducing mechanism (8) are including two sets of crushing rollers (81) that the structure is the same that the level set up, and are two sets of evenly be provided with on the outer wall of crushing roller (81) and smash tooth (82), two sets of the pivot of crushing roller (81) front end all rotates through bearing and box (1) and is connected, the left side the pivot of crushing roller (81) rear end runs through the power end that box (1) and third motor (83) are connected, the right side the pivot of crushing roller (81) rear end runs through the power end that box (1) and fourth motor (84) are connected, the bottom of third motor (83) and fourth motor (84) all passes through bolted connection on the outer wall of box (1).
3. The apparatus for treating wastes from landscaping of a building as claimed in claim 1, wherein: buffer base (17) is including connecting fixed block (171) in delivery box (13) bottom, the bottom of fixed block (171) evenly is provided with buffer spring (172), and the bottom of buffer spring (172) is connected on the inner wall of base (173), the both ends of base (173) all are provided with backup pad (174), the top of backup pad (174) is provided with the spout, the inside one end of keeping away from fixed block (171) of spout is provided with answer spring (175), the one end that answer spring (175) is close to fixed block (171) is connected with slider (176), and slider (176) and spout sliding connection, the top of slider (176) articulates there is connecting rod (177), the top of connecting rod (177) articulates on the outer wall of fixed block (171).
4. The apparatus for treating wastes from landscaping of a building as claimed in claim 1, wherein: an observation window is arranged on the outer wall of the front side of the water tank (18), and a water adding pipe is arranged at the top of the left side of the water tank (18).
5. The apparatus for treating wastes for building and garden greening according to claim 4, wherein: the inner wall bottom of base (173) evenly is provided with the guide post, and buffer spring (172) cup joints respectively on the outer wall of guide post.
CN201921654874.3U 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 Building afforestation waste treatment device Active CN211707034U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921654874.3U CN211707034U (en) 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 Building afforestation waste treatment device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921654874.3U CN211707034U (en) 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 Building afforestation waste treatment device

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CN211707034U true CN211707034U (en) 2020-10-20

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112403633A (en) * 2020-10-29 2021-02-26 舒安利 Solid hazardous waste preprocessing device
CN113695367A (en) * 2021-10-27 2021-11-26 邳州市铁富九龙公共服务有限公司 Afforestation waste material processing apparatus
CN113908921A (en) * 2021-10-12 2022-01-11 威海海洋职业学院 Mail steamer refuse treatment device with adjustable
CN114054176A (en) * 2021-11-09 2022-02-18 湖南九鼎新材料有限公司 Granulating equipment for producing high-carbon ferromanganese from manganese metal

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112403633A (en) * 2020-10-29 2021-02-26 舒安利 Solid hazardous waste preprocessing device
CN113908921A (en) * 2021-10-12 2022-01-11 威海海洋职业学院 Mail steamer refuse treatment device with adjustable
CN113695367A (en) * 2021-10-27 2021-11-26 邳州市铁富九龙公共服务有限公司 Afforestation waste material processing apparatus
CN114054176A (en) * 2021-11-09 2022-02-18 湖南九鼎新材料有限公司 Granulating equipment for producing high-carbon ferromanganese from manganese metal

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